Search results for 'Policy sciences Philosophy' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Ben Hale (2011). The Methods of Applied Philosophy and the Tools of the Policy Sciences. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 25 (2):215-232.score: 531.0
    In this paper I argue that applied philosophers hoping to develop a stronger role in public policy formation can begin by aligning their methods with the tools employed in the policy sciences. I proceed first by characterizing the standard view of policymaking and policy education as instrumentally oriented toward the employment of specific policy tools. I then investigate pressures internal to philosophy that nudge work in applied philosophy toward the periphery of policy (...)
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  2. John C. Moskop (1982). Book Review:Philosophy and Medicine Series. H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr., Stuart F. Spicker; Philosophy and Medicine Series. Vol. 1: Explanation and Evaluation in the Biomedical Sciences. H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr., Stuart F. Spicker; Philosophy and Medicine Series. Vol. 2: Philosophical Dimensions of the Neuro-Medical Sciences. Stuart F. Spicker, H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr.; Philosophy and Medicine Series. Vol. 3: Philosophical Medical Ethics: Its Nature and Significance. Stuart F. Spicker, H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr.; Philosophy and Medicine Series. Vol. 4. Mental Health: Philosophical Perspectives. H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr., Stuart F. Spicker; Philosophy and Medicine Series. Vol. 5: Mental Illness: Law and Public Policy. Baruch A. Brody, H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr.; Philosophy and Medicine Series. Vol. 6: Clinical Judgment: A Critical Appraisal. H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr., Stuart F. Spicker, Bernard Towers; Philosophy and Medicine Series. Vol. 7. Organism, Medicine, and Metaphysi. [REVIEW] Ethics 92 (2):381-.score: 405.0
  3. Robert Frodeman (2008). Redefining Ecological Ethics: Science, Policy, and Philosophy at Cape Horn. Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (4):597-610.score: 355.3
    In the twentieth century, philosophy (especially within the United States) embraced the notion of disciplinary expertise: philosophical research consists of working with and writing for other philosophers. Projects that involve non-philosophers earn the deprecating title of “applied” philosophy. The University of North Texas (UNT) doctoral program in philosophy exemplifies the possibility of a new model for philosophy, where graduate students are trained in academic philosophy and in how to work with scientists, engineers, and policy (...)
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  4. Enrico Viola (2009). “Once Upon a Time” Philosophy of Science: Sts, Science Policy and the Semantic View of Scientific Theories. [REVIEW] Axiomathes 19 (4):465-480.score: 348.7
    Is a policy-friendly philosophy of science possible? In order to respond this question, I consider a particular instance of contemporary philosophy of science, the semantic view of scientific theories, by placing it in the broader methodological landscape of the integration of philosophy of science into STS (Science and Technology Studies) as a component of the overall contribution of the latter to science policy. In that context, I defend a multi-disciplinary methodological integration of the special discipline (...)
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  5. Nancy Tuana (2010). Leading with Ethics, Aiming for Policy: New Opportunities for Philosophy of Science. Synthese 177 (3):471 - 492.score: 290.0
    The goal of this paper is to articulate and advocate for an enhanced role for philosophers of science in the domain of science policy as well as within the science curriculum. I argue that philosophy of science as a field can learn from the successes as well as the mistakes of bioethics and begin to develop a new model that includes robust contributions to the science classroom, research collaborations with scientists, and a role for public philosophy through (...)
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  6. Carl Mitcham & Robert Frodeman (2004). New Directions in the Philosophy of Science: Toward a Philosophy of Science Policy. Philosophy Today 48 (5):3-15.score: 265.0
    This is the introduction to a special, guest-edited issue of Philosophy Today. It lays out the extent to which the philosophy of science has ignored science policy and argues that policy issues deserve attention in parallel with epistemological ones. It further reviews the historical development of science policy in the United States since World War II, identifies some recent contributions to critical reflection on basic science policy assumptions, and outlines a set of issues to (...)
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  7. Patrick Suppes (1984). Philosophy of Science and Public Policy. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1984:3 - 13.score: 259.0
    This article is mainly concerned with the methodology of public policy studies and how this methodology compares with that of standard scientific studies. The main systematic section of the article develops a concept of justified policy which is related to the concept of justified procedure that originates in ancient Greek mathematics. The last section sketches some ways in which philosophers can make a methodological contribution to policy analysis. Possible contributions are discussed under four headings: numerical models, statistical (...)
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  8. Alexander Rosenberg (2000). Darwinism in Philosophy, Social Science, and Policy. Cambridge University Press.score: 258.0
    A collection of essays by Alexander Rosenberg, the distinguished philosopher of science. The essays cover three broad areas related to Darwinian thought and naturalism: the first deals with the solution of philosophical problems such as reductionism, the second with the development of social theories, and the third with the intersection of evolutionary biology with economics, political philosophy, and public policy. Specific papers deal with naturalistic epistemology, the limits of reductionism, the biological justification of ethics, the so-called 'trolley problem' (...)
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  9. Sandra G. Harding & Merrill B. Hintikka (eds.) (2003). Discovering Reality: Feminist Perspectives on Epistemology, Metaphysics, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science. Kluwer Academic Publishers.score: 255.0
    This collection of essays, first published two decades ago, presents central feminist critiques and analyses of natural and social sciences and their philosophies. Unfortunately, in spite of the brilliant body of research and scholarship in these fields in subsequent decades, the insights of these essays remain as timely now as they were then: philosophy and the sciences still presume kinds of social innocence to which they are not entitled. The essays focus on Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, Hobbes, Rousseau, (...)
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  10. H. T. Wilson (1986). Book Reviews : Science and Ideology in the Policy Sciences. By Paul Diesing. New York: Aldine Publishing, 1982. Pp. 460. $34.95 (Cloth), $18.95 (Paper. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 16 (3):397-399.score: 246.0
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  11. Kristin Shrader-Frechette (2004). Methodology in Practice: Is There a New Normativity in Philosophy of Science? Using Metascience to Improve Dose-Response Curves in Biology: Better Policy Through Better Science. Philosophy of Science 71 (5):1026-1037.score: 231.0
     
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  12. Zhou Yang (1980). Development Plan of Social Science Philosophy and the Policy of Let a Hundred Flowers Bloom and a Hundred Schools Contend. Contemporary Chinese Thought 11 (3):58-83.score: 225.0
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  13. A. Pablo Iannone (1999). Philosophical Ecologies: Essays in Philosophy, Ecology, and Human Life. Humanity Books.score: 225.0
  14. Göktuğ Morçöl (2002). A New Mind for Policy Analysis: Toward a Post-Newtonian and Postpositivist Epistemology and Methodology. Praeger.score: 225.0
  15. Alan H. Cromer (1997). Connected Knowledge: Science, Philosophy, and Education. Oxford University Press.score: 223.0
    When physicist Alan Sokal recently submitted an article to the postmodernist journal Social Text, the periodical's editors were happy to publish it--for here was a respected scientist offering support for the journal's view that science is a subjective, socially constructed discipline. But as Sokal himself soon revealed in Lingua Franca magazine, the essay was a spectacular hoax--filled with scientific gibberish anyone with a basic knowledge of physics should have caught--and the academic world suddenly awoke to the vast gap that has (...)
     
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  16. Melinda Fagan & Sahotra Sarkar (2001). Darwinism in Philosophy, Social Science and Public Policy. Biology and Philosophy 16 (5):747-749.score: 222.0
  17. Dennis Hemphill (2005). Sport Technology: History, Philosophy and Policy. Edited by A. Miah and S. Eassom. Research in Philosophy and Technology, Vol. 21. Edited by C. Mitcham. Published 2002 by Elsevier Science Ltd., Oxford, UK. [REVIEW] Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 32 (2):223-226.score: 222.0
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  18. John Bickle (2008). Anna Alexandrova is an Assistant Professor in Philosophy at the University of Missouri St. Louis. Her Research Focuses on the Use of Formal Models for Explanation and Policy Making in Economics and Also on the Measurement of Happiness and Well-Being. Her Recent Papers Are Appearing in Philosophy of Science, Philosophical Psychology, and the Journal. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 24:545-547.score: 222.0
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  19. C. Mitcham & R. Frodeman (2004). Toward a Philosophy of Science Policy: Approaches and Issues. Philosophy Today 48 (5).score: 222.0
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  20. Merel Lefevere & Eric Schliesser (forthcoming). Private Epistemic Virtue, Public Vices: Moral Responsibility in the Policy Sciences. Economics and Philosophy.score: 219.0
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  21. Mark B. Brown (2004). The Political Philosophy of Science Policy. Minerva 42 (1):77-95.score: 218.0
    Reviews the book "Science, Truth, and Democracy," by Philip Kitcher.
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  22. D. P. McCaffrey (1986). Book Reviews : Reasoned Argument in the Social Sciences: Linking Research to Policy. By Eugene Meehan. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1981. Pp. XVI + 218. $27.50 U.S. (Cloth). [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 16 (2):257-260.score: 216.0
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  23. David B. Resnik (2005). Alexander Rosenberg, Darwinism in Philosophy, Social Science, and Policy:Darwinism in Philosophy, Social Science, and Policy. Ethics 115 (4):843-845.score: 215.0
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  24. Roger Caldwell (2001). Darwinism in Philosophy, Social Science and Policy. The Philosophers' Magazine 13 (13):60-60.score: 215.0
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  25. G. M. Hodgson (2002). A Review of Alexander Rosenberg's Darwinism in Philosophy, Social Science and Policy. [REVIEW] Journal of Economic Methodology 9 (1):87-92.score: 215.0
     
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  26. Lisa Bortolotti (2008). An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science. Polity.score: 211.0
    An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science provides a lively and accessible introduction to current key issues and debates in this area. The classic philosophical questions about methodology, progress, rationality and reality are addressed by reference to examples from the full range of natural and social sciences. Lisa Bortolotti uses a historically-informed perspective on the evolution of science and includes a thorough discussion of the ethical implications of scientific research. Special attention is paid to the complex relationship between (...)
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  27. Andrew Light & Eric Katz (eds.) (1996). Environmental Pragmatism. Routledge.score: 210.0
    Environmental pragmatism is a new strategy in environmental thought: it argues that theoretical debates are hindering the ability of the environmental movement to forge agreement on basic policy imperatives. This new direction in environmental philosophy moves beyond theory, advocating a serious inquiry into the practical merits of moral pluralism. Environmental pragmatism, as a coherent philosophical position, connects the methodology of classical American pragmatist thought to the explanation, solution and discussion of real issues.
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  28. Matti Sintonen, Petri Ylikoski & Kaarlo Miller (eds.) (2003). Realism in Action: Essays in the Philosophy of the Social Sciences. Kluwer Academic Publishers.score: 200.0
    Realism in Action is a selection of essays written by leading representatives in the fields of action theory and philosophy of mind, philosophy of the social sciences and especially the nature of social action, and of epistemology and philosophy of science. Practical reason, reasons and causes in action theory, intending and trying, and folk-psychological explanation are some of the topics discussed by these leading participants. A particular emphasis is laid on trust, commitments and social institutions, on (...)
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  29. Chrysostomos Mantzavinos (ed.) (2009). Philosophy of the Social Sciences: Philosophical Theory and Scientific Practice. Cambridge University Press.score: 200.0
    This volume is a unique contribution to the philosophy of the social sciences, presenting the results of cutting-edge philosophers' research alongside critical discussions by practicing social scientists. The book is motivated by the view that the philosophy of the social sciences cannot ignore the specific scientific practices according to which social scientific work is being conducted, and that it will be valuable only if it evolves in constant interaction with theoretical developments in the social sciences. (...)
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  30. Mark J. Smith (ed.) (2005). Philosophy & Methodology of the Social Sciences. Sage.score: 200.0
    This is a comprehensive and authoritative reference collection in the philosophy and methodology of the social sciences. The source materials selected are drawn from debates within the natural sciences as well as social scientific practice. This four volume set covers the traditional literature on the philosophy of the social sciences, and the contemporary philosophical and methodological debates developing at the heart of the disciplinary and interdisciplinary groups in the social sciences. It addresses the needs (...)
     
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  31. Yam San Chee (2014). Interrogating the Learning Sciences as a Design Science: Leveraging Insights From Chinese Philosophy and Chinese Medicine. Studies in Philosophy and Education 33 (1):89-103.score: 198.0
    Design research has been positioned as an important methodological contribution of the learning sciences. Despite the publication of a handbook on the subject, the practice of design research in education remains an eclectic collection of specific approaches implemented by different researchers and research groups. In this paper, I examine the learning sciences as a design science to identify its fundamental goals, methods, affiliations, and assumptions. I argue that inherent tensions arise when attempting to practice design research as an (...)
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  32. Robert Frodeman & Victor R. Baker (eds.) (2000). Earth Matters: The Earth Sciences, Philosophy, and the Claims of Community. Prentice Hall.score: 196.0
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  33. Lorenz Krüger, Thomas Sturm, Wolfgang Carl & Lorraine Daston (eds.) (2005). Why Does History Matter to Philosophy and the Sciences? Walter DeGruyter.score: 192.0
    What are the relationships between philosophy and the history of philosophy, the history of science and the philosophy of science? This selection of essays by Lorenz Krüger (1932-1994) presents exemplary studies on the philosophy of John Locke and Immanuel Kant, on the history of physics and on the scope and limitations of scientific explanation, and a realistic understanding of science and truth. In his treatment of leading currents in 20th century philosophy, Krüger presents new and (...)
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  34. Bernard Bosanquet (2003). Essays in Philosophy and Social Policy, 1883-1922. Thoemmes Press.score: 192.0
    As one of the leading figures of the idealist movement, Bernard Bosanquet (1848-1923) made major contributions to philosophy and had a significant role in the formation of British social policy. This set contains previously uncollected articles and essays that were first published in little known journals or magazines. Each volume includes new introductions and primary and secondary bibliographies.
     
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  35. Charles Taylor (1985). Philosophy and the Human Sciences. Cambridge University Press.score: 192.0
    Charles Taylor has been one of the most original and influential figures in contemporary philosophy: his 'philosophical anthropology' spans an unusually wide range of theoretical interests and draws creatively on both Anglo-American and Continental traditions in philosophy. A selection of his published papers is presented here in two volumes, structured to indicate the direction and essential unity of the work. He starts from a polemical concern with behaviourism and other reductionist theories (particularly in psychology and the philosophy (...)
     
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  36. Robert Frodeman (2004). Environmental Philosophy and the Shaping of Public Policy. Environmental Philosophy 1 (1):6-12.score: 190.0
    The standard approach to environmental issues today is to turn to science, economics, or democratic populism as a means to resolve our environmental debates. Environmental philosophers, on the other hand, focus on the theoretical underpinnings of environmental issues, with possibly a brief reference to a specific case or example. A policy turn in environmental philosophy involves a third way, where philosophers begin from society’s own growing sense of the inadequacy of our conventional ways of addressing environmental problems.
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  37. Daniel Steel (2008). Across the Boundaries: Extrapolation in Biology and Social Science. Oxford University Press.score: 189.0
    Inferences like these are known as extrapolations.
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  38. Stephen F. Haller & James Gerrie (2007). The Role of Science in Public Policy: Higher Reason, or Reason for Hire? [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 20 (2):139-165.score: 186.0
    The traditional vision of the role science should play in policy making is of a two stage process of scientists first finding out the facts, and then policy makers making a decision about what to do about them. We argue that this two stage process is a fiction and that a distinction must be drawn between pure science and science in the service of public policy. When science is transferred into the policy realm, its claims to (...)
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  39. Elizabeth Shove (2012). The Dynamics of Social Practice: Everyday Life and How It Changes. Sage Publications.score: 183.0
    The Dynamics of Social Practice -- Introducing Theories of Practice -- Materials and Resources -- Sequence and Structure -- Making and Breaking Links -- Material, Competence and Meaning -- Car-Driving: Elements and Linkages Making Links -- Breaking Links -- Elements Between Practices -- Standardization and Diversity -- Individual and Collective Careers -- The Life of Elements -- Modes of Circulation -- Transportation and Access: Material -- Abstraction, Reversal and Migration: Competence -- Association and Classification: Meaning -- Packing and Unpacking -- (...)
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  40. Stephen P. Turner & Paul Andrew Roth (eds.) (2003). The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of the Social Sciences. Blackwell Pub..score: 182.0
    Presents a collection of essays that cover a variety of issues in the social sciences.
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  41. Douglas Torgerson (1980). Industrialization and Assessment: Social Impact Assessment as a Social Phenomenon. President's Advisory Committee on Northern Studies, York University, with the Cooperation of the Northern Social Research Division, Dept. Of Indian and Northern Affairs.score: 180.0
     
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  42. Ian C. Jarvie & Jesus Zamoro Bonilla (eds.) (2011). The SAGE Handbook of the Philosophy of Social Sciences. SAGE.score: 178.0
    In this excting Handbook, Jarvie and Bonilla provide a broad and democratic coverage of the many currents in social science.
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  43. Joseph Dunne, Attracta Ingram, Frank Litton & Fergal O'Connor (eds.) (2000). Questioning Ireland: Debates in Political Philosophy and Public Policy. Institute of Public Administration.score: 176.0
    Introduction Joseph Dunne, Attracta Ingram, Frank Litton This volume of essays has two main objectives: first, to pay tribute to Fergal O'Connor, ...
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  44. Vernon Pratt (1978). The Philosophy of the Social Sciences. Methuen.score: 176.0
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  45. Alan Ryan (1970). The Philosophy of the Social Sciences. London,Macmillan.score: 176.0
  46. S. I. Benn & G. W. Mortimore (eds.) (1976). Rationality and the Social Sciences: Contributions to the Philosophy and Methodology of the Social Sciences. Routledge and Kegan Paul.score: 176.0
  47. Robert Bishop (2007). The Philosophy of the Social Sciences: An Introduction. Continuum.score: 176.0
  48. Len Doyal (1986). Empiricism, Explanation, and Rationality: An Introduction to the Philosophy of the Social Sciences. Routledge & K. Paul.score: 176.0
  49. Antony Flew (1985). Thinking About Social Thinking: The Philosophy of the Social Sciences. Blackwell.score: 176.0
  50. Robert Flint (1904/1975). Philosophy as Scientia Scientiarum: And, a History of Classifications of the Sciences. Arno Press.score: 176.0
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