Search results for 'Political Realism' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Roman Altshuler (2009). Political Realism and Political Idealism: The Difference That Evil Makes. Public Reason 1 (2):73-87.score: 240.0
    According to a particular view of political realism, political expediency must always override moral considerations. Perhaps the strongest defense of such a theory is offered by Carl Schmitt in The Concept of the Political. A close examination of Schmitt’s main presuppositions can therefore help to shed light on the tenuous relation between politics and morality. Schmitt’s theory rests on two keystones. First, the political is seen as independent of and prior to morality. Second, genuine (...) theory depends on a view of human beings as evil by nature. I will argue that both claims are incomplete. Just as the political sometimes demands that morality be overridden, so morality can demand the overriding of political expediency. Moreover, the view of human beings as evil, which serves as the foundation of political realism, itself depends on affirming that human nature must also be, in some sense, good. Political realism is thus shown to have its theoretical foundation within a normative framework that demands the political pursuit of at least some moral aims. (shrink)
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  2. Tvrtko Jolić (2011). Political realism and anarchy in international relations. Prolegomena 10 (1):113-130.score: 240.0
    In this paper I critically examine an influential argument in favor of political realism. The argument claims that international relations, by analogy with Hobbes’s state of nature at the individual level, are governed by anarchy which makes it irrational for states to observe the principles of morality and justice since there are no guarantees that they will be observed by other states. However, this analogy is unsustainable due to the differences that exist between agents on the international and (...)
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  3. Edward Hall (2013). Political Realism and Fact-Sensitivity. Res Publica 19 (2):173-181.score: 236.0
    Political realists complain that much contemporary political philosophy is insufficiently attentive to various facts about politics yet some political philosophers insist that any critique of normative claims on grounds of unrealism is misplaced. In this paper I focus on the methodological position G.A. Cohen champions in order assess the extent to which this retort succeeds in nullifying the realist critique of contemporary political philosophy. I argue that Cohen’s work does not succeed in doing so because the (...)
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  4. Enzo Rossi (2010). Reality and Imagination in Political Theory and Practice: On Raymond Geuss’s Realism. [REVIEW] European Journal of Political Theory 9 (4):504-512.score: 216.0
    Can political theory be action-guiding without relying on pre-political normative commitments? I answer that question affirmatively by unpacking two related tenets of Raymond Geuss’ political realism: the view that political philosophy should not be a branch of ethics, and the ensuing empirically-informed conception of legitimacy. I argue that the former idea can be made sense of by reference to Hobbes’ account of authorization, and that realist legitimacy can be normatively salient in so far as it (...)
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  5. Enzo Rossi & Matt Sleat (2014). Realism in Normative Political Theory. Philosophy Compass 9 (10):689-701.score: 210.0
    This paper provides a critical overview of the realist current in contemporary political philosophy. We define political realism on the basis of its attempt to give varying degrees of autonomy to politics as a sphere of human activity, in large part through its exploration of the sources of normativity appropriate for the political and so distinguish sharply between political realism and non-ideal theory. We then identify and discuss four key arguments advanced by political (...)
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  6. Fumiko Sasaki (2012). Nationalism, Political Realism and Democracy in Japan: The Thought of Masao Maruyama. Routledge.score: 192.0
    Introduction: Masao Maruyama -- Analyzing the causes of the fifteen year war -- Creating modern man: the basis of national security -- Establishing political realism: guidance to national security -- Advocating unarmed neutrality -- Defending democracy: a prerequisite of national security -- Conclusion: predicting the second defeat.
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  7. K. Forrester (2012). Judith Shklar, Bernard Williams and Political Realism. European Journal of Political Theory 11 (3):247-272.score: 186.0
    In light of recent interest among political theorists in the idea of political realism, Judith Shklar’s liberalism of fear has come to be associated with anti-Rawlsian thought. This paper seeks to show that, on the contrary, Shklar’s specific formulation of political realism, unlike more recent variations, was not motivated by a critique of Rawls. This paper will address three concerns: first, it will show what exactly Shklar’s initial realism was responding to; second, it will (...)
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  8. Mark Philp (2010). What is to Be Done? Political Theory and Political Realism. European Journal of Political Theory 9 (4):466-484.score: 186.0
    This article argues for greater realism in political theory with respect to judgements about what politicians ought to do and how they ought to act. It shows that there are major problems in deducing what a given politician should do from the value commitments that are common to liberalism and it makes a case for recognizing the major role played by the context of action and particular agent involved. It distinguishes political virtue from moral virtues and argues (...)
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  9. Alex Bavister‐Gould (2013). Bernard Williams: Political Realism and the Limits of Legitimacy. European Journal of Philosophy 21 (4):593-610.score: 180.0
    : A central component of Bernard Williams' political realism is the articulation of a standard of legitimacy from within politics itself: LEG. This standard is presented as basic, inherent in all political orders and the best way to underwrite fundamental liberal principles particular to the modern state, including basic human rights. It does not require, according to Williams, a wider set of liberal values. In the following, I show that where Williams restricts LEG to generating only minimal (...)
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  10. John W. Coffey (1972). The Political Realism of George F. Kennan. Thought 47 (2):295-306.score: 180.0
    George F. Kennan's political realism defines the object of diplomacy as the pursuit of the national self-interest and renders legitimate any means which expediently serve that purpose.
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  11. Robert Schuett (2007). Freudian Roots of Political Realism: The Importance of Sigmund Freud to Hans J. Morgenthau's Theory of International Power Politics. History of the Human Sciences 20 (4):53-78.score: 180.0
    The article unveils the intellectual indebtedness of Hans J. Morgenthau's realist theory of international power politics to Freudian meta- and group psychology. It examines an unpublished Morgenthau essay about Freudian anthropology written in 1930, placing this work within the context of Morgenthau's magna opera, the 1946 Scientific Man vs. Power Politics and the 1948 Politics among Nations. The article concludes that Morgenthau's international theory is ultimately based on the early instinct theory of Sigmund Freud. Freud is thus to be seen (...)
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  12. Sigmund Krancberg (1978). Political Realism — a Soviet View. Studies in East European Thought 18 (2):131-144.score: 180.0
    The purpose of this essay is to analyze the soviet interpretation of the phenomenon of political realism. the author contends that since soviet political theory is mainly motivated by ideological prejudices, the ideas of soviet theoreticians exhibit a lack of historical and philosophical sensitivity. in the paper several soviet writers are distinguished, the most important of them-a karenin. his erudite contribution amounts to a redescription of political realism and power politics in marxist-leninist terms. the essay (...)
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  13. Frederick G. Whelan (2004). Hume and Machiavelli: Political Realism and Liberal Thought. Lexington Books.score: 174.0
    While at first such a comparison may be startling, Whelan argues convincingly that Hume's writing, commonly regarded as moderate and amiable, is indeed a locus of realist liberal political theory.
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  14. Alexander Moseley, Political Realism. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 162.0
  15. R. North (2010). Political Realism: Introduction. European Journal of Political Theory 9 (4):381-384.score: 162.0
    Balancing practical and theoretical knowledge,Political Scienceis a comprehensive and jargon-free introduction to the fieldrs"s basic concepts and themes. This bestselling brief text uses diverse real-world examples to show students the value of avoiding simplifications in politics, the relevance of government, and the importance of participation. Written from Mike Roskinrs"s unique and engaging point-of-view,Political Scienceremains the best at providing the clear explanations, practical applications, and current examples that will welcome students to a vital field of study.
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  16. Matt Sleat (2010). Bernard Williams and the Possibility of a Realist Political Theory. European Journal of Political Theory 9 (4):485-503.score: 156.0
    This article explores the prospects for developing a realist political theory via an analysis of the work of Bernard Williams. It begins by setting out Williams’s theory of political realism and placing it in the wider context of a realist challenge in the literature that rightly identifies several deficiencies in the liberal view of politics and legitimacy. The central argument of the article is, however, that Williams’s political realism shares common features with liberal theory, including (...)
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  17. William A. Galston (2010). Realism in Political Theory. European Journal of Political Theory 9 (4):385-411.score: 152.0
    In recent decades, a ‘realist’ alternative to ideal theories of politics has slowly taken shape. Bringing together philosophers, political theorists, and political scientists, this countermovement seeks to reframe inquiry into politics and political norms. Among the hallmarks of this endeavor are a moral psychology that includes the passions and emotions; a robust conception of political possibility and rejection of utopian thinking; the belief that political conflict — of values as well as interests — is both (...)
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  18. Robert B. Talisse (2005). Deliberative Democracy Defended: A Response to Posner's Political Realism. Res Publica 11 (2):185-199.score: 150.0
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  19. A. Baderin (2014). Two Forms of Realism in Political Theory. European Journal of Political Theory 13 (2):132-153.score: 150.0
    This paper explores contemporary debates about the meaning and value of realism in political theory. I seek to move beyond the widespread observation that realism encompasses a diverse set of critiques and commitments, by urging that we recognize two key strands in recent realist thought. Detachment realists claim that political theory is excessively abstract and infeasible and thereby fails adequately to inform actual political decision-making. Displacement critics, on the other hand, suggest that political theory (...)
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  20. George J. Lavere (1980). The Political Realism of Saint Augustine. Augustinian Studies 11:135-144.score: 150.0
  21. J. Horton (2010). Realism, Liberal Moralism and a Political Theory of Modus Vivendi. European Journal of Political Theory 9 (4):431-448.score: 150.0
    This article sets out some of the key features of a realist critique of liberal moralism, identifying descriptive inadequacy and normative irrelevance as the two fundamental lines of criticism. It then sketches an outline of a political theory of modus vivendi as an alternative, realist approach to political theory. On this account a modus vivendi should be understood as any political settlement that involves the preservation of peace and security and is generally acceptable to those who are (...)
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  22. Cheryl Noble (1973). Political Realism, International Morality, and Just War. The Monist 57 (4):595-606.score: 150.0
  23. Ze'ev Emmerich (2009). Political Realism, Commerce and Moral Psychology. Theoria 56 (119):81-112.score: 150.0
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  24. Richard J. Regan (1978). Political Realism in American Thought. Thought 53 (2):227-229.score: 150.0
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  25. R. N. Berki (1992). The Realism of Moralism: The Political Philosophy of Istvan Bibo. History of Political Thought 13 (3):513-534.score: 150.0
    It is a safe prediction that, especially now with cultural contacts freely flowing between East and West in both directions, the Hungarian thinker Istvan Bibo will soon be given full accolade as one of the most outstanding political theorists of this century, in stature equal to the �greats� in the entire European tradition of political thought. Bibo's significance far exceeds local, parochial interests. While profoundly original and organically stemming from Hungarian culture, Bibo belongs also to the �West�. If (...)
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  26. I. Worthington (1999). Review. Thucydides and the Ancient Simplicity. The Limits of Political Realism. G Crane. The Classical Review 49 (2):368-369.score: 150.0
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  27. Haskell Fain (1989). Kenneth Kipnis and Diana T. Meyers Eds., Political Realism and International Morality Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 9 (1):25-26.score: 150.0
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  28. Tim Rood & G. Crane (2000). Thucydides and the Ancient Simplicity: The Limits of Political Realism. Journal of Hellenic Studies 120:157.score: 150.0
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  29. A. D. Barder (2007). RW Dyson, Natural Law and Political Realism in the History of Political Thought. Volume I: From the Sophists to Machiavelli. Philosophy in Review 27 (2):108.score: 150.0
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  30. Charles R. Beitz (1983). RN Berki, On Political Realism Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 3 (3):109-110.score: 150.0
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  31. Roger Boesche (2002). The First Great Political Realist: Kautilya and His Arthashastra. Lexington Books.score: 150.0
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  32. M. P. J. Dillon (2001). Thucydides and the Ancient Simplicity. The Limits of Political Realism. By Gregory Crane. The European Legacy 6 (1):98-99.score: 150.0
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  33. Antón Donoso (1975). Donoso Cortés, Utopian Romanticist and Political Realist. International Philosophical Quarterly 15 (3):365-369.score: 150.0
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  34. O. Krejci (1982). Illusions of Political Realism. Filosoficky Casopis 30 (5):775-794.score: 150.0
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  35. Sonia Kruks (2004). Introduction to 'Moral Idealism and Political Realism.'. In Margaret A. Simons, Marybeth Timmermann & Mary Beth Mader (eds.), Philosophical Writings. University of Illinois Press. 165--173.score: 150.0
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  36. George Liska (1977). Morgenthau Vs. Machiavelli: Political Realism and Power Politics. In Hans J. Morgenthau, Kenneth W. Thompson & Robert John Myers (eds.), Truth and Tragedy. Transaction Books. 104--111.score: 150.0
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  37. Terry Nardin (2011). Middle-Ground Ethics: Can One Be Politically Realistic Without Being a Political Realist? Ethics and International Affairs 25 (1):7-16.score: 150.0
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  38. A. Sollner (1987). German Conservatism in America: Morgenthau's Political Realism. Telos 1987 (72):161-172.score: 150.0
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  39. Enzo Rossi (2012). Justice, Legitimacy, and (Normative) Authority for Political Realists. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 15 (2):149-164.score: 148.0
    One of the main challenges faced by realists in political philosophy is that of offering an account of authority that is genuinely normative and yet does not consist of a moralistic application of general, abstract ethical principles to the practice of politics. Political moralists typically start by devising a conception of justice based on their pre-political moral commitments; authority would then be legitimate only if political power is exercised in accordance with justice. As an alternative to (...)
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  40. Alison Stone, From Political to Realist Essentialism: Rereading Luce Irigaray.score: 144.0
    This paper re-examines debates surrounding Irigaray's 'essentialism', arguing that these debates have generated a widespread assumption that realist essentialism is philosophically untenable and that Irigaray must therefore be read as a non-realist, merely 'political', essentialist. I suggest that this assumption is unhelpful, as Irigaray's work shows increasing commitment to a realist form of essentialism. Moreover, I argue that political essentialism is internally unstable because it aims to revalue femininity and the body as symbolised, thereby reinforcing the traditional conceptual (...)
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  41. Klein Bluemink & Gerardus Johannes (2000). Kissingerian Realism in International Politics: Political Theory, Philosophy, and Practice. S.N..score: 144.0
     
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  42. Emanuela Ceva & Enzo Rossi (eds.) (2012). Justice, Legitimacy, and Diversity: Political Authority Between Realism and Moralism. Routledge.score: 138.0
    Most contemporary political philosophers take justice—rather than legitimacy—to be the fundamental virtue of political institutions vis-à-vis the challenges of ethical diversity. Justice-driven theorists are primarily concerned with finding mutually acceptable terms to arbitrate the claims of conflicting individuals and groups. Legitimacy-driven theorists, instead, focus on the conditions under which those exercising political authority on an ethically heterogeneous polity are entitled to do so. But what difference would it make to the management of ethical diversity in liberal democratic (...)
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  43. Jean Bethke Elshtain (1985). Reflections on War and Political Discourse: Realism, Just War, and Feminism in a Nuclear Age. Political Theory 13 (1):39-57.score: 126.0
  44. Brian J. Shaw (forthcoming). Totality, Realism, and the Type: Lukacs' Later Literary Criticism as Political Theory. Philosophical Forum.score: 126.0
    Lukacs's post-1930 literary criticism reveals a problematic continuity with the theory of totality articulated in History and Class Consciousness (1923). No longer the self-knowledge of a militant proletariat, totality emerges as the contemplative vision of great bourgeois novelists. Shorn of its earlier messianic overtones, the later criticism promises a more labile political theory whose possibilities have already been explored by theorists such as liberation theologians and socialist feminists. This same change, however, coupled with Lukacs's failure to confront its metatheoretical (...)
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  45. Peter Nielsen (2012). David L. Bailey, The Political Economy of European Social Democracy: A Critical Realist Approach. London: Routledge, 2009. 193 Pp. ISBN 978-0-415-60425-3, Paperback,£ 23.50, ISBN 0415462134 Hardback,£ 90.00. [REVIEW] Journal of Critical Realism 11 (4):529-531.score: 126.0
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  46. Jacek Więcławski (2013). Hans J. Morgenthau and the Legal Origins of His Political ThoughtOliver Jütersonke,Morgenthau, Law and Realism(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010), 198 Pp., £50.00/$85.00, Cloth.William E. Scheuerman,Hans Morgenthau: Realism and Beyond(Cambridge and Malden, MA: Polity Press, 2009), 257 Pp., £16.99/$64.95, Paperback. [REVIEW] Journal of International Political Theory 9 (1):43-50.score: 126.0
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  47. Howard Engelskirchen (2007). Realism About Causality in Social Science. Sociology's Causal Confusion / Douglas Porpora; the Mother of All Isms: Causal Mechanisms in Political Science / Andrew Bennett; Marxisn Crisis Theory and Causality / Robert Albritton; on the Clear Comprehension of Political Economy: Social Kinds and the Significance of Marx's Capital. In Ruth Groff (ed.), Revitalizing Causality: Realism About Causality in Philosophy and Social Science. Routledge.score: 126.0
  48. Philip Arestis, Andrew Brown & Malcolm Sawyer (2003). 13 Critical Realism and the Political Economy of the Euro. In Paul Downward (ed.), Applied Economics and the Critical Realist Critique. Routledge. 233.score: 126.0
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  49. Donald Beggs (2008). Beyond Extensions of Liberalism Martha Nussbaum ,Frontiers of Justice: Disability, Nationality, Species Membership(Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2006), 512 Pp., £21.95/$35.00 Cloth, £12.95/$18.95 Paper. Bernard Williams ,In the Beginning Was the Deed: Realism and Moralism in Political Argument(Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2005), 200 Pp., £18.95/$29.95 Cloth, £10.95/$17.95 Paper. [REVIEW] Journal of International Political Theory 4 (1):157-166.score: 126.0
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