Search results for 'Political Realism' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Roman Altshuler (2009). Political Realism and Political Idealism: The Difference That Evil Makes. Public Reason 1 (2):73-87.score: 90.0
    According to a particular view of political realism, political expediency must always override moral considerations. Perhaps the strongest defense of such a theory is offered by Carl Schmitt in The Concept of the Political. A close examination of Schmitt’s main presuppositions can therefore help to shed light on the tenuous relation between politics and morality. Schmitt’s theory rests on two keystones. First, the political is seen as independent of and prior to morality. Second, genuine (...) theory depends on a view of human beings as evil by nature. I will argue that both claims are incomplete. Just as the political sometimes demands that morality be overridden, so morality can demand the overriding of political expediency. Moreover, the view of human beings as evil, which serves as the foundation of political realism, itself depends on affirming that human nature must also be, in some sense, good. Political realism is thus shown to have its theoretical foundation within a normative framework that demands the political pursuit of at least some moral aims. (shrink)
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  2. Edward Hall (2013). Political Realism and Fact-Sensitivity. Res Publica 19 (2):173-181.score: 88.0
    Political realists complain that much contemporary political philosophy is insufficiently attentive to various facts about politics yet some political philosophers insist that any critique of normative claims on grounds of unrealism is misplaced. In this paper I focus on the methodological position G.A. Cohen champions in order assess the extent to which this retort succeeds in nullifying the realist critique of contemporary political philosophy. I argue that Cohen’s work does not succeed in doing so because the (...)
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  3. Enzo Rossi (2010). Reality and Imagination in Political Theory and Practice: On Raymond Geuss’s Realism. [REVIEW] European Journal of Political Theory 9 (4):504-512.score: 84.0
    Can political theory be action-guiding without relying on pre-political normative commitments? I answer that question affirmatively by unpacking two related tenets of Raymond Geuss’ political realism: the view that political philosophy should not be a branch of ethics, and the ensuing empirically-informed conception of legitimacy. I argue that the former idea can be made sense of by reference to Hobbes’ account of authorization, and that realist legitimacy can be normatively salient in so far as it (...)
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  4. Enzo Rossi & Matt Sleat (forthcoming). Realism in Normative Political Theory. Philosophy Compass.score: 81.0
    This paper provides a critical overview of the realist current in contemporary political philosophy. We define political realism on the basis of its attempt to give varying degrees of autonomy to politics as a sphere of human activity, in large part through its exploration of the sources of normativity appropriate for the political, and so distinguish sharply between political realism and non-ideal theory. We then identify and discuss four key arguments advanced by political (...)
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  5. Fumiko Sasaki (2012). Nationalism, Political Realism and Democracy in Japan: The Thought of Masao Maruyama. Routledge.score: 66.0
    Introduction: Masao Maruyama -- Analyzing the causes of the fifteen year war -- Creating modern man: the basis of national security -- Establishing political realism: guidance to national security -- Advocating unarmed neutrality -- Defending democracy: a prerequisite of national security -- Conclusion: predicting the second defeat.
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  6. K. Forrester (2012). Judith Shklar, Bernard Williams and Political Realism. European Journal of Political Theory 11 (3):247-272.score: 63.0
    In light of recent interest among political theorists in the idea of political realism, Judith Shklar’s liberalism of fear has come to be associated with anti-Rawlsian thought. This paper seeks to show that, on the contrary, Shklar’s specific formulation of political realism, unlike more recent variations, was not motivated by a critique of Rawls. This paper will address three concerns: first, it will show what exactly Shklar’s initial realism was responding to; second, it will (...)
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  7. Mark Philp (2010). What is to Be Done? Political Theory and Political Realism. European Journal of Political Theory 9 (4):466-484.score: 63.0
    This article argues for greater realism in political theory with respect to judgements about what politicians ought to do and how they ought to act. It shows that there are major problems in deducing what a given politician should do from the value commitments that are common to liberalism and it makes a case for recognizing the major role played by the context of action and particular agent involved. It distinguishes political virtue from moral virtues and argues (...)
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  8. Enzo Rossi (2012). Justice, Legitimacy, and (Normative) Authority for Political Realists. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 15 (2):149-164.score: 60.0
    One of the main challenges faced by realists in political philosophy is that of offering an account of authority that is genuinely normative and yet does not consist of a moralistic application of general, abstract ethical principles to the practice of politics. Political moralists typically start by devising a conception of justice based on their pre-political moral commitments; authority would then be legitimate only if political power is exercised in accordance with justice. As an alternative to (...)
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  9. Alex Bavister‐Gould (2013). Bernard Williams: Political Realism and the Limits of Legitimacy. European Journal of Philosophy 21 (4):593-610.score: 60.0
    : A central component of Bernard Williams' political realism is the articulation of a standard of legitimacy from within politics itself: LEG. This standard is presented as basic, inherent in all political orders and the best way to underwrite fundamental liberal principles particular to the modern state, including basic human rights. It does not require, according to Williams, a wider set of liberal values. In the following, I show that where Williams restricts LEG to generating only minimal (...)
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  10. John W. Coffey (1972). The Political Realism of George F. Kennan. Thought 47 (2):295-306.score: 60.0
    George F. Kennan's political realism defines the object of diplomacy as the pursuit of the national self-interest and renders legitimate any means which expediently serve that purpose.
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  11. Robert Schuett (2007). Freudian Roots of Political Realism: The Importance of Sigmund Freud to Hans J. Morgenthau's Theory of International Power Politics. History of the Human Sciences 20 (4):53-78.score: 60.0
    The article unveils the intellectual indebtedness of Hans J. Morgenthau's realist theory of international power politics to Freudian meta- and group psychology. It examines an unpublished Morgenthau essay about Freudian anthropology written in 1930, placing this work within the context of Morgenthau's magna opera, the 1946 Scientific Man vs. Power Politics and the 1948 Politics among Nations. The article concludes that Morgenthau's international theory is ultimately based on the early instinct theory of Sigmund Freud. Freud is thus to be seen (...)
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  12. Sigmund Krancberg (1978). Political Realism — a Soviet View. Studies in East European Thought 18 (2):131-144.score: 60.0
    The purpose of this essay is to analyze the soviet interpretation of the phenomenon of political realism. the author contends that since soviet political theory is mainly motivated by ideological prejudices, the ideas of soviet theoreticians exhibit a lack of historical and philosophical sensitivity. in the paper several soviet writers are distinguished, the most important of them-a karenin. his erudite contribution amounts to a redescription of political realism and power politics in marxist-leninist terms. the essay (...)
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  13. Rory J. Conces (2009). Rethinking Realism (or Whatever) and the War on Terrorism in a Place Like the Balkans. Theoria 56 (120):81-124.score: 54.0
    Political realism remains a powerful theoretical framework for thinking about international relations, including the war on terrorism. For Morgenthau and other realists, foreign policy is a matter of national interest defined in terms of power. Some writers view this tenet as weakening, if not severing, realism's link with morality. I take up the contrary view that morality is embedded in realist thought, as well as the possibility of realism being thinly and thickly moralised depending on the (...)
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  14. Robert Jubb & Enzo Rossi (forthcoming). Political Norms and Moral Values. Journal of Philosophical Research 2015.score: 54.0
    Is genuinely normative political theory necessarily informed by distinctively moral values? Eva Erman and Niklas Möller (2013) answer that question affirmatively, and highlight its centrality in the debate on the prospects of political realism, which explicitly eschews pre-political moral foundations. In this comment we defend the emerging realist current. After briefly presenting Erman and Möller's position, we (i) observe that freedom and equality are not obviously moral values in the way they assume, and (ii) argue that (...)
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  15. Edmund N. Santurri (2005). Global Justice After the Fall Christian Realism and the “Law of Peoples”. Journal of Religious Ethics 33 (4):783-814.score: 54.0
    In "The Law of Peoples" John Rawls casts his proposals as an argument against what he calls "political realism." Here, I contend that a certain version of "Christian political realism" survives Rawls's polemic against political realism sans phrase and that Rawls overstates his case against political realism writ large. Specifically, I argue that Rawls's dismissal of "empirical political realism" is underdetermined by the evidence he marshals in support of the dismissal (...)
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  16. Robert Jubb & Enzo Rossi (forthcoming). Why Moralists Should Be Afraid of Political Values: A Rejoinder. Journal of Philosophical Research 2015.score: 54.0
    In this rejoinder to Erman and Möller’s reply to our “Political Norms and Moral Values” we clarify the sense in which there can be specifically political values, and expound the practice-dependent notion of legitimacy adopted by our preferred version of political realism.
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  17. Matt Sleat (2010). Bernard Williams and the Possibility of a Realist Political Theory. European Journal of Political Theory 9 (4):485-503.score: 54.0
    This article explores the prospects for developing a realist political theory via an analysis of the work of Bernard Williams. It begins by setting out Williams’s theory of political realism and placing it in the wider context of a realist challenge in the literature that rightly identifies several deficiencies in the liberal view of politics and legitimacy. The central argument of the article is, however, that Williams’s political realism shares common features with liberal theory, including (...)
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  18. William A. Galston (2010). Realism in Political Theory. European Journal of Political Theory 9 (4):385-411.score: 52.0
    In recent decades, a ‘realist’ alternative to ideal theories of politics has slowly taken shape. Bringing together philosophers, political theorists, and political scientists, this countermovement seeks to reframe inquiry into politics and political norms. Among the hallmarks of this endeavor are a moral psychology that includes the passions and emotions; a robust conception of political possibility and rejection of utopian thinking; the belief that political conflict — of values as well as interests — is both (...)
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  19. Alexander Moseley, Political Realism. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 51.0
  20. A. Baderin (2014). Two Forms of Realism in Political Theory. European Journal of Political Theory 13 (2):132-153.score: 51.0
    This paper explores contemporary debates about the meaning and value of realism in political theory. I seek to move beyond the widespread observation that realism encompasses a diverse set of critiques and commitments, by urging that we recognize two key strands in recent realist thought. Detachment realists claim that political theory is excessively abstract and infeasible and thereby fails adequately to inform actual political decision-making. Displacement critics, on the other hand, suggest that political theory (...)
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  21. J. Horton (2010). Realism, Liberal Moralism and a Political Theory of Modus Vivendi. European Journal of Political Theory 9 (4):431-448.score: 51.0
    This article sets out some of the key features of a realist critique of liberal moralism, identifying descriptive inadequacy and normative irrelevance as the two fundamental lines of criticism. It then sketches an outline of a political theory of modus vivendi as an alternative, realist approach to political theory. On this account a modus vivendi should be understood as any political settlement that involves the preservation of peace and security and is generally acceptable to those who are (...)
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  22. R. N. Berki (1992). The Realism of Moralism: The Political Philosophy of Istvan Bibo. History of Political Thought 13 (3):513-534.score: 51.0
    It is a safe prediction that, especially now with cultural contacts freely flowing between East and West in both directions, the Hungarian thinker Istvan Bibo will soon be given full accolade as one of the most outstanding political theorists of this century, in stature equal to the �greats� in the entire European tradition of political thought. Bibo's significance far exceeds local, parochial interests. While profoundly original and organically stemming from Hungarian culture, Bibo belongs also to the �West�. If (...)
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  23. R. North (2010). Political Realism: Introduction. European Journal of Political Theory 9 (4):381-384.score: 51.0
    Balancing practical and theoretical knowledge,Political Scienceis a comprehensive and jargon-free introduction to the fieldrs"s basic concepts and themes. This bestselling brief text uses diverse real-world examples to show students the value of avoiding simplifications in politics, the relevance of government, and the importance of participation. Written from Mike Roskinrs"s unique and engaging point-of-view,Political Scienceremains the best at providing the clear explanations, practical applications, and current examples that will welcome students to a vital field of study.
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  24. Alison Stone, From Political to Realist Essentialism: Rereading Luce Irigaray.score: 48.0
    This paper re-examines debates surrounding Irigaray's 'essentialism', arguing that these debates have generated a widespread assumption that realist essentialism is philosophically untenable and that Irigaray must therefore be read as a non-realist, merely 'political', essentialist. I suggest that this assumption is unhelpful, as Irigaray's work shows increasing commitment to a realist form of essentialism. Moreover, I argue that political essentialism is internally unstable because it aims to revalue femininity and the body as symbolised, thereby reinforcing the traditional conceptual (...)
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  25. Klein Bluemink & Gerardus Johannes (2000). Kissingerian Realism in International Politics: Political Theory, Philosophy, and Practice. S.N..score: 48.0
  26. Enzo Rossi (2013). Consensus, Compromise, Justice and Legitimacy. Critical Review of Social and International Political Philosophy 16 (4):557-572.score: 45.0
    Could the notion of compromise help us overcoming – or at least negotiating – the frequent tension, in normative political theory, between the realistic desideratum of peaceful coexistence and the idealistic desideratum of justice? That is to say, an analysis of compromise may help us moving beyond the contrast between two widespread contrasting attitudes in contemporary political philosophy: ‘fiat iustitia, pereat mundus’ on the one side, ‘salus populi suprema lex’ on the other side. More specifically, compromise may provide (...)
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  27. Robert B. Talisse (2005). Deliberative Democracy Defended: A Response to Posner's Political Realism. Res Publica 11 (2):185-199.score: 45.0
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  28. Emanuela Ceva & Enzo Rossi (eds.) (2012). Justice, Legitimacy, and Diversity: Political Authority Between Realism and Moralism. Routledge.score: 45.0
    Most contemporary political philosophers take justice—rather than legitimacy—to be the fundamental virtue of political institutions vis-à-vis the challenges of ethical diversity. Justice-driven theorists are primarily concerned with finding mutually acceptable terms to arbitrate the claims of conflicting individuals and groups. Legitimacy-driven theorists, instead, focus on the conditions under which those exercising political authority on an ethically heterogeneous polity are entitled to do so. But what difference would it make to the management of ethical diversity in liberal democratic (...)
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  29. George J. Lavere (1980). The Political Realism of Saint Augustine. Augustinian Studies 11:135-144.score: 45.0
  30. Cheryl Noble (1973). Political Realism, International Morality, and Just War. The Monist 57 (4):595-606.score: 45.0
  31. Robin Lovin (2003). Review: Reinhold Niebuhr in Contemporary Scholarship: A Review Essay. [REVIEW] Journal of Religious Ethics 31 (3):487 - 505.score: 45.0
    Recent studies of Reinhold Niebuhr's life and work demonstrate his continued importance in theology, ethics, and political thought. Historical studies by Heather Warren, Mark Kleinman, and Normunds Kamergrauzis provide new assessments of Niebuhr's role as a political and religious leader in his own time and trace the consequences of the movements in which he participated. They also show us more clearly how his work was connected to the ideas and programs of his contemporaries. Colm McKeogh offers a more (...)
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  32. Richard J. Regan (1978). Political Realism in American Thought. Thought 53 (2):227-229.score: 45.0
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  33. Robin Lovin (2003). Reinhold Niebuhr in Contemporary Scholarship: A Review Essay. [REVIEW] Journal of Religious Ethics 31 (3):487 - 505.score: 45.0
    Recent studies of Reinhold Niebuhr's life and work demonstrate his continued importance in theology, ethics, and political thought. Historical studies by Heather Warren, Mark Kleinman, and Normunds Kamergrauzis provide new assessments of Niebuhr's role as a political and religious leader in his own time and trace the consequences of the movements in which he participated. They also show us more clearly how his work was connected to the ideas and programs of his contemporaries. Colm McKeogh offers a more (...)
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  34. I. Worthington (1999). Review. Thucydides and the Ancient Simplicity. The Limits of Political Realism. G Crane. The Classical Review 49 (2):368-369.score: 45.0
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  35. A. D. Barder (2007). RW Dyson, Natural Law and Political Realism in the History of Political Thought. Volume I: From the Sophists to Machiavelli. Philosophy in Review 27 (2):108.score: 45.0
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  36. Charles R. Beitz (1983). RN Berki, On Political Realism Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 3 (3):109-110.score: 45.0
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  37. Davide G. Bianchi (2013). La “lezione” politica di Gianfranco Miglio. Scienza and Politica. Per Una Storia Delle Dottrine 25 (49).score: 45.0
    The scientific work of Gianfranco Miglio must be placed in the cleavage of ''political realism'', and it must be seen together with the attempt to study political phenomena applying the same methodology of natural science (this is the meaning of the Miglian ''positivism''). What kind of role did he therefore appointed to political thought? To Miglio, the political class – in the way in which Mosca conceived it – needed ideologies to concretely exercise power: in (...)
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  38. Roger Boesche (2002). The First Great Political Realist: Kautilya and His Arthashastra. Lexington Books.score: 45.0
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  39. M. P. J. Dillon (2001). Thucydides and the Ancient Simplicity. The Limits of Political Realism. By Gregory Crane. The European Legacy 6 (1):98-99.score: 45.0
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  40. Antón Donoso (1975). Donoso Cortés, Utopian Romanticist and Political Realist. International Philosophical Quarterly 15 (3):365-369.score: 45.0
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  41. Ze'ev Emmerich (2009). Political Realism, Commerce and Moral Psychology. Theoria 56 (119):81-112.score: 45.0
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  42. Haskell Fain (1989). Kenneth Kipnis and Diana T. Meyers Eds., Political Realism and International Morality Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 9 (1):25-26.score: 45.0
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  43. Tvrtko Jolić (2011). Political Realism and Anarchy in International Relations. Prolegomena: Časopis Za Filozofiju 10 (1):113-130.score: 45.0
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  44. O. Krejci (1982). Illusions of Political Realism. Filosoficky Casopis 30 (5):775-794.score: 45.0
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  45. Sonia Kruks (2004). Introduction to 'Moral Idealism and Political Realism.'. In Margaret A. Simons, Marybeth Timmermann & Mary Beth Mader (eds.), Philosophical Writings. University of Illinois Press. 165--173.score: 45.0
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  46. George Liska (1977). Morgenthau Vs. Machiavelli: Political Realism and Power Politics. In Hans J. Morgenthau, Kenneth W. Thompson & Robert John Myers (eds.), Truth and Tragedy. Transaction Books. 104--111.score: 45.0
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  47. Terry Nardin (2011). Middle-Ground Ethics: Can One Be Politically Realistic Without Being a Political Realist? Ethics and International Affairs 25 (1):7-16.score: 45.0
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  48. Tim Rood & G. Crane (2000). Thucydides and the Ancient Simplicity: The Limits of Political Realism. Journal of Hellenic Studies 120:157.score: 45.0
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  49. A. Sollner (1987). German Conservatism in America: Morgenthau's Political Realism. Telos 1987 (72):161-172.score: 45.0
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  50. Frederick G. Whelan (2004). Hume and Machiavelli: Political Realism and Liberal Thought. Lexington Books.score: 45.0
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