Search results for 'Political science Decision making' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. René von Schomberg (ed.) (1993). Science, Politics, and Morality: Scientific Uncertainty and Decision Making. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    Current environmental problems and technological risks are a challenge for a new institutional arrangement of the value spheres of Science, Politics and Morality. Distinguished authors from different European countries and America provide a cross-disciplinary perspective on the problems of political decision making under the conditions of scientific uncertainty. cases from biotechnology and the environmental sciences are discussed. The papers collected for this volume address the following themes: (i) controversies about risks and political decision (...); (ii) concepts of science for policy; (iii) the use of social science in the policy making process; (iv) ethical problems with developments in science and technology; (v) public and state interests in the development and control of technology. (shrink)
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  2. Sabine Maasen & Peter Weingart (eds.) (2005/2008). Democratization of Expertise?: Exploring Novel Forms of Scientific Advice in Political Decision-Making. Springer.
  3.  11
    Thomas May (2002). Bioethics in a Liberal Society: The Political Framework of Bioethics Decision Making. Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Issues concerning patients' rights are at the center of bioethics, but the political basis for these rights has rarely been examined. In Bioethics in a Liberal Society: The Political Framework of Bioethics Decision Making , Thomas May offers a compelling analysis of how the political context of liberal constitutional democracy shapes the rights and obligations of both patients and health care professionals. May focuses on how a key feature of liberal society -- namely, an individual's (...)
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  4. Klemens Szaniawski, Adam Chmielewski & Jan Wole Nski (1998). On Science, Inference, Information and Decision-Making Selected Essays in the Philosophy of Science.
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  5. K. Guild Nichols (1979). Technology on Trial: Public Participation in Decision-Making Related to Science and Technology. Sold by Oecd Publications and Information Center].
     
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  6. Felix Thiele (2004). Its Foundation and Application in Political Decision Making. In Peter K. Machamer & Gereon Wolters (eds.), Science, Values, and Objectivity. University of Pittsburgh Press 25--256.
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  7.  9
    Yann Allard‐Tremblay (2016). Divide and Rule Better: On Subsidiarity, Legitimacy and the Epistemic Aim of Political DecisionMaking. Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (2).
    How should a political society be structured so as to legitimately distribute political power? One principle advanced to answer this question is the principle of subsidiarity. According to this principle, the default locus of political power is with the lowest competent political unit. This article argues that subsidiarity is a structural principle of a conception of political legitimacy informed by epistemic considerations. Broadly, the argument is that political societies organised according to the principle of (...)
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  8.  2
    Nathaniel Logar (2009). Towards a Culture of Application: Science and Decision Making at the National Institute of Standards & Technology. [REVIEW] Minerva 47 (4):345-366.
    How does the research performed by a government mission agency contribute to useable technologies for its constituents? Is it possible to incorporate science policy mechanisms for increasing benefits to users in the decision process? The United States National Institute of Standards & Technology (NIST) promises research directed towards industrial application. This paper considers the processes that produce science and technology at NIST. The institute’s policies for science provide robust examples for how effective science policies can (...)
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  9.  13
    Pak-Hang Wong (2013). The Public and Geoengineering Decision-Making: A View From Confucian Political Philosophy. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 17 (3):350-367.
    In response to the Royal Society report’s claim that “the acceptability of geo­engineering will be determined as much by social, legal, and political issues as by scientific and technical factors” , a number of authors have suggested the key to this challenge is to engage the public in geoengineering decision-making. In effect, some have argued that inclusion of the public in geoengineering decision-making is necessary for any geoengineering project to be morally permissible. Yet, while public (...)
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  10.  2
    Danielle DeVasto (2015). Being Expert: L’Aquila and Issues of Inclusion in Science-Policy Decision Making. Social Epistemology 30 (4):372-397.
    Responding to the call to provide guidance for incorporating diverse perspectives in science-policy debate, Collins and Evans’ normative model of expertise provides a useful starting point for deciding who gets to come to the table—expertise and experience. However, new materialist critiques highlight the epistemic challenges of such an approach. Drawing on the work of Annemarie Mol, I propose that the theory of multiple ontologies and a practise-based orientation can enrich conversations about expertise and inclusion in science-policy decision- (...), particularly in matters of concern. Specifically, I reread Collins and Evans’ normative model of expertise through multiple ontologies, resulting in an expertise of doing. Such an approach both productively resolves gaps in each while leading to the creation of something new. I will explore what this expertise of doing might mean for the long-standing problem of expertise and inclusion in scientific, technical, and health policy disputes. Specifically, I pr.. (shrink)
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  11.  7
    Felix Thiele (2013). Bio-Policy and the Place of Institutionalised Ethics in Political Decision Making. Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics 8 (2):29 - 31.
    Questions concerning moral problems caused by the lifesciences and concerning the adequate methods and instruments to solve these are timely and urgent; especially in the face of intense debates on the acceptability of research on human embryonic stem cells and preimplantation diagnostics, to name only two applications developed from research in the life-sciences. Unfortunately, the constant and accusing demand that life-scientists must behave morally does not give us a clue on how ethics may help in establishing guidelines for moral behaviour. (...)
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  12.  17
    Keith E. Stanovich (2007). The Psychology of Decision Making in a Unified Behavioral Science. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):41-42.
    The cognitive psychology of judgment and decision making helps to elaborate Gintis's unified view of the behavioral sciences by highlighting the fact that decisions result from multiple systems in the mind. It also adds to the unified view the idea that the potential to self-critique preference structures is a unique feature of human cognition. (Published Online April 27 2007).
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  13.  3
    Rafael Cejudo (2014). Decision Making in Compromise Situations: Guidelines Based on J. S. Mill's Doctrine of Political Half‐Measures. Business Ethics: A European Review 23 (4):364-374.
    The purpose of this article is to offer guidelines to deal with hard choices, specifically in situations where some compromise among opposing values is inescapable. The guidelines are intended to help ethicists and practitioners to delineate different alternatives and to dismiss some of them as morally unacceptable. This article explores the view that compromises arise from negotiations but from ethical predicaments as well. For this reason, I distinguish between strategic and moral compromises. Both managers and employees are individual moral agents (...)
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  14. John Martin Gillroy & Joe Bowersox (eds.) (2002). The Moral Austerity of Environmental Decision Making: Sustainability, Democracy, and Normative Argument in Policy and Law. Duke University Press Books.
    In _The Moral Austerity of Environmental Decision Making_ a group of prominent environmental ethicists, policy analysts, political theorists, and legal experts challenges the dominating influence of market principles and assumptions on the formulation of environmental policy. Emphasizing the concept of sustainability and the centrality of moral deliberation to democracy, they examine the possibilities for a wider variety of moral principles to play an active role in defining “good” environmental decisions. If environmental policy is to be responsible to humanity (...)
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  15. John Martin Gillroy & Joe Bowersox (eds.) (2002). The Moral Austerity of Environmental Decision Making: Sustainability, Democracy, and Normative Argument in Policy and Law. Duke University Press Books.
    In _The Moral Austerity of Environmental Decision Making_ a group of prominent environmental ethicists, policy analysts, political theorists, and legal experts challenges the dominating influence of market principles and assumptions on the formulation of environmental policy. Emphasizing the concept of sustainability and the centrality of moral deliberation to democracy, they examine the possibilities for a wider variety of moral principles to play an active role in defining “good” environmental decisions. If environmental policy is to be responsible to humanity (...)
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  16.  12
    D. Paul Schafer (2005). Invited Essay: A New System of Politics: Government, Governance, and Political Decision Making in the Twenty-First Century. World Futures 61 (7):481 – 510.
    The present system of politics is based on the centrality of economics. This system is not capable of coming to grips with the problems confronting humanity. A culture-based system of politics is required to do this and prevent ecological disaster. This system would make it possible to reduce the demands human beings are making on the natural environment and situate human welfare, environmental well-being, and the public interest at the core of the political process. The risks of such (...)
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  17.  68
    Nils-Eric Sahlin, Annika Wallin & Johannes Persson (2010). Decision Science: From Ramsey to Dual Process Theories. Synthese 172 (1):129 - 143.
    The hypothesis that human reasoning and decision-making can be roughly modeled by Expected Utility Theory has been at the core of decision science. Accumulating evidence has led researchers to modify the hypothesis. One of the latest additions to the field is Dual Process theory, which attempts to explain variance between participants and tasks when it comes to deviations from Expected Utility Theory. It is argued that Dual Process theories at this point cannot replace previous theories, since (...)
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  18.  94
    Colin F. Gauld (2005). Habits of Mind, Scholarship and Decision Making in Science and Religion. Science and Education 14 (3-5):291-308.
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  19.  66
    John M. Kline (2010). Ethics for International Business: Decision Making in a Global Political Economy. Routledge.
    The value foundation for a global society -- Ethics and international business -- Human rights concepts and principles -- Political involvements by business -- The foreign production process -- Product and export controls -- Marketing motives and methods -- Culture and the human environment -- Nature and the physical environment -- Business guidance and control mechanisms -- Deciding ethical dilemmas.
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  20.  32
    Randy L. Bell & Norman G. Lederman (2003). Understandings of the Nature of Science and Decision Making on Science and Technology Based Issues. Science Education 87 (3):352-377.
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  21.  5
    Claudia Landwehr (2010). Discourse and Coordination: Modes of Interaction and Their Roles in Political Decision-Making. Journal of Political Philosophy 18 (1):101-122.
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  22.  29
    C. West Churchman (1956). Science and Decision Making. Philosophy of Science 23 (3):247-249.
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  23.  4
    Laszlo Sekelj (1987). Conflict and Cohesion in Socialist Yugoslavia: Political Decision Making Since 1966. Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 1987 (71):200-207.
    Yugoslavia is unique among East European countries. It is a highly decentralized, multi-national federation with six republics and two autonomous provinces. It is a one party state. At the same time, it has a very sophisticated system of direct political and economic democracy. In theory, it is supposed to be the realization of the society envisioned by libertarian socialists such as Proudhon, Bakunin and Marx. But high inflation, unemployment, national tensions, mass frustration, social immobility and an unrepresentative political (...)
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  24.  2
    A. Brennan & J. Malpas (2010). Who Legislates the Truth? Science, Organizational Governance, and Democratic Decision Making. Public Affairs Quarterly 24 (1):79-97.
    There has been a strong tendency in recent years, in countries such as Australia and the United States, for governmental and corporate spokespersons to present advice and information that comes from independent scientific sources as if it were no better grounded than that from any other source. Such a leveling out of all advice and information into mere “opinion” has been a key strategy in the assertion of corporate and governmental control over public debate and policy. In this paper, we (...)
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  25.  15
    J. W. McAllister, Emotion, Rationality, and Decision Making in Science.
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  26.  41
    Paul Healy (2008). Phronetic Social Science: Prospects and Possibilities? Sandford Schram and Brian Caterino, Eds, Making Political Science Matter: Debating Knowledge, Research, and Method. New York: New York University Press, 2006. History of the Human Sciences 21 (1):135-145.
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  27.  44
    James W. Boettcher (2005). Strong Inclusionist Accounts of the Role of Religion in Political Decision-Making. Journal of Social Philosophy 36 (4):497–516.
  28.  9
    T. R. F. (1972). Comparative Judicial Behavior. Cross-Cultural Studies of Political Decision-Making in East and West. Review of Metaphysics 25 (4):767-768.
  29.  6
    William M. Johnston (1973). Collected Writings. I. Orientation and Decision. II. Law, State, Power. III. Theory of the State as Political Science. Philosophy and History 6 (1):27-29.
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  30. Dick Holdsworth (1995). Ethical Decision-Making in Science and Technology. In Brenda Almond (ed.), Introducing Applied Ethics. Blackwell 130--147.
     
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  31.  4
    Michael D. Lord (2000). Corporate Political Strategy and Legislative Decision Making The Impact of Corporate Legislative Influence Activities. Business and Society 39 (1):76-93.
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  32.  10
    Stephen Nathanson (1991). Kennedy and the Cuban Missile Crisis: On the Role of Moral Reasons in Explaining and Evaluating Political Decision-Making. Journal of Social Philosophy 22 (2):94-108.
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  33.  10
    Simon Hornblower (1985). Hugo Montgomery: The Way to Chaeronea: Foreign Policy. Decision Making and Political Influence in Demosthenes' Speeches. Pp. 120. Bergen, Oslo, Stavanger, Tromso: Universitetsforlaget, 1984. Paper, £15.65. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 35 (02):409-.
  34.  3
    James Stacey Taylor (2005). A Review Of:“Thomas May. 2002. Bioethics in a Liberal Society: The Political Framework of Bioethics Decision Making” Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press. 135 Pp. $42.00, Hardcover. [REVIEW] American Journal of Bioethics 5 (1):92-93.
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  35.  8
    James Stacey Taylor (2005). A Review Of: “Thomas May. 2002.Bioethics in a Liberal Society: The Political Framework of Bioethics Decision Making”. [REVIEW] American Journal of Bioethics 5 (1):92-93.
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  36.  5
    D. M. Lewis (1976). Roger Alain de Laix: Probouleusis at Athens: A Study of Political Decision-Making. Pp. 237. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1973. Paper, $6. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 26 (02):287-.
  37.  1
    Richard Rockingham Gill (1967). Problems of Decision-Making in Soviet Science Policy. Minerva 5 (2):198-208.
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  38.  1
    Ronald A. Knox & H. Montgomery (1987). The Way to Chaeronea: Foreign Policy, Decision-Making and Political Influence in Demosthenes' Speeches. Journal of Hellenic Studies 107:201.
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  39. J. Chataway & J. Tait (1993). Risk Regulation and Strategic Decision Making in Biotechnology: The Political Economy of Innovation. Agriculture and Human Values 10 (2):60-67.
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  40. F. Cizek (1978). Problem of Criteria of Adequacy of Theoretical Level of Knowledge as a Component of Decision-Making Processes in Science. Filosoficky Casopis 26 (1):32-44.
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  41. Alexander L. George (1969). The 'Operational Code' a Neglected Approach to the Study of Political Leaders and Decision-Making.
     
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  42. António Martins (1995). Schomberg, René Von : Science, Politics And Morality. Scientific Uncertainty And Decision Making. Xi + 235 Pp. [REVIEW] Revista Filosófica de Coimbra 4 (7):209-213.
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  43. Sarah Michaels (1993). Weighing Science and Politics in Local Decision Making About Hazards. Knowledge, Technology & Policy 6 (2):3-22.
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  44. Aurelio Peccei & Mihaljo Mesarovic (1979). Dynamics of Science, Technology, and Society: Analysis and Decision-Making. In Philip W. Hemily & M. N. Őzdas (eds.), Technological Challenges for Social Change. Oxford University Press 2--61.
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  45. P. J. Rhodes & R. A. de Laix (1974). Probouleusis at Athens: A Study of Political Decision-Making. Journal of Hellenic Studies 94:232.
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  46. L. Sekelj (1987). Conflict and Cohesion in Socialist Yugoslavia: Political Decision Making Since 1966. Télos 1987 (71):200-207.
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  47. C. E. W. Steel (2005). Popular Decision-Making R. Morstein-Marx: Mass Oratory and Political Power in the Late Roman Republic . Pp. Xiv + 313, Maps, Ills. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. Cased, £50, US$75. ISBN: 0-521-82327-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 55 (02):617-.
  48. Jordan Bartol & Stefan Linquist (2015). How Do Somatic Markers Feature in Decision Making? Emotion Review 7 (1):81-89.
    Several recent criticisms of the somatic marker hypothesis (SMH) identify multiple ambiguities in the way it has been formulated by its chief proponents. Here we provide evidence that this hypothesis has also been interpreted in various different ways by the scientific community. Our diagnosis of this problem is that SMH lacks an adequate computational-level account of practical decision making. Such an account is necessary for drawing meaningful links between neurological- and psychological-level data. The paper concludes by providing a (...)
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  49.  3
    Evelyn Brister (2012). Distributing Epistemic Authority: Refining Norton's Pragmatist Approach to Environmental Decision-Making. Contemporary Pragmatism 9 (1):185-203.
    Environmental pragmatists are committed to analyzing questions of environmental policy. Bryan Norton's pragmatic critique of environmental decision-making shows how an implicit commitment to the fact/value distinction has hindered productive environmental action. Nonetheless, Norton, as well as the majority of environmental ethicists, have devoted more attention to theorizing value disagreements as a primary cause of controversy than to examining epistemic structures. A case study demonstrates why and how Norton's procedural account may be supplemented with sensitive attention to the construction (...)
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  50.  5
    Joseph E. Taylor Iii (1998). Making Salmon: The Political Economy of Fishery Science and the Road Not Taken. Journal of the History of Biology 31 (1):33-59.
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