Search results for 'Political science Decision making' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. René von Schomberg (ed.) (1993). Science, Politics, and Morality: Scientific Uncertainty and Decision Making. Kluwer Academic Publishers.score: 1136.0
    Current environmental problems and technological risks are a challenge for a new institutional arrangement of the value spheres of Science, Politics and Morality. Distinguished authors from different European countries and America provide a cross-disciplinary perspective on the problems of political decision making under the conditions of scientific uncertainty. cases from biotechnology and the environmental sciences are discussed. The papers collected for this volume address the following themes: (i) controversies about risks and political decision (...); (ii) concepts of science for policy; (iii) the use of social science in the policy making process; (iv) ethical problems with developments in science and technology; (v) public and state interests in the development and control of technology. (shrink)
     
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  2. Decision Making (2012). S Hared Decision Making is Widely Accepted as an Ethical Imperative1–5 and as an Important Part of Reasoned Clinical Practice. 6 Major Texts in Decision Analysis, 7 Medical Ethics, 8 and Evidence-Based Medicine9 All Encourage Physicians to Include Patients in the Decision-Making Process. [REVIEW] In Stephen Holland (ed.), Arguing About Bioethics. Routledge. 346.score: 1060.0
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  3. Measuring Decision Making (2002). Emotion, Decision Making, and the Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex. In Donald T. Stuss & Robert T. Knight (eds.), Principles of Frontal Lobe Function. Oxford University Press.score: 1060.0
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  4. Sabine Maasen & Peter Weingart (eds.) (2005/2008). Democratization of Expertise?: Exploring Novel Forms of Scientific Advice in Political Decision-Making. Springer.score: 666.0
  5. Sarah Michaels (1993). Weighing Science and Politics in Local Decision Making About Hazards. Knowledge, Technology and Policy 6 (2):3-22.score: 615.0
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  6. K. Guild Nichols (1979). Technology on Trial: Public Participation in Decision-Making Related to Science and Technology. Sold by Oecd Publications and Information Center].score: 598.5
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  7. Felix Thiele (2013). Bio-Policy and the Place of Institutionalised Ethics in Political Decision Making. Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics 8 (2):29 - 31.score: 598.0
    Questions concerning moral problems caused by the lifesciences and concerning the adequate methods and instruments to solve these are timely and urgent; especially in the face of intense debates on the acceptability of research on human embryonic stem cells and preimplantation diagnostics, to name only two applications developed from research in the life-sciences. Unfortunately, the constant and accusing demand that life-scientists must behave morally does not give us a clue on how ethics may help in establishing guidelines for moral behaviour. (...)
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  8. Thomas May (2002). Bioethics in a Liberal Society: The Political Framework of Bioethics Decision Making. Johns Hopkins University Press.score: 594.0
    Issues concerning patients' rights are at the center of bioethics, but the political basis for these rights has rarely been examined. In Bioethics in a Liberal Society: The Political Framework of Bioethics Decision Making , Thomas May offers a compelling analysis of how the political context of liberal constitutional democracy shapes the rights and obligations of both patients and health care professionals. May focuses on how a key feature of liberal society -- namely, an individual's (...)
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  9. Felix Thiele (2004). Its Foundation and Application in Political Decision Making. In Peter K. Machamer & Gereon Wolters (eds.), Science, Values, and Objectivity. University of Pittsburgh Press. 25--256.score: 582.0
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  10. Nathaniel Logar (2009). Towards a Culture of Application: Science and Decision Making at the National Institute of Standards & Technology. [REVIEW] Minerva 47 (4):345-366.score: 535.5
    How does the research performed by a government mission agency contribute to useable technologies for its constituents? Is it possible to incorporate science policy mechanisms for increasing benefits to users in the decision process? The United States National Institute of Standards & Technology (NIST) promises research directed towards industrial application. This paper considers the processes that produce science and technology at NIST. The institute’s policies for science provide robust examples for how effective science policies can (...)
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  11. Kjell Andersson (2008). Transparency and Accountability in Science and Politics: The Awareness Principle. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 528.0
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  12. Keith E. Stanovich (2007). The Psychology of Decision Making in a Unified Behavioral Science. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):41-42.score: 486.0
    The cognitive psychology of judgment and decision making helps to elaborate Gintis's unified view of the behavioral sciences by highlighting the fact that decisions result from multiple systems in the mind. It also adds to the unified view the idea that the potential to self-critique preference structures is a unique feature of human cognition. (Published Online April 27 2007).
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  13. E. Bernard-Weil (2000). Does Help in Decision-Making in Biology Help in Decision-Making in Human Sciences and Conversely? Acta Biotheoretica 48 (3-4).score: 478.0
    A link between biological and human sciences may be established, under the condition that we should admit the existence of reciprocal influences between them. The model for the regulation of agonistic antagonistic couples (MRAAC) is built from the study of biological systems and gives rise to specific types of control. This model can be helpful in decision processes in some human sciences such as management, economical and political strategies. The reason for such an opportunity lies in the fact (...)
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  14. Rafael Cejudo (2014). Decision Making in Compromise Situations: Guidelines Based on J. S. Mill's Doctrine of Political Half‐Measures. Business Ethics: A European Review 23 (3).score: 468.0
    The purpose of this article is to offer guidelines to deal with hard choices, specifically in situations where some compromise among opposing values is inescapable. The guidelines are intended to help ethicists and practitioners to delineate different alternatives and to dismiss some of them as morally unacceptable. This article explores the view that compromises arise from negotiations but from ethical predicaments as well. For this reason, I distinguish between strategic and moral compromises. Both managers and employees are individual moral agents (...)
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  15. D. Paul Schafer (2005). Invited Essay: A New System of Politics: Government, Governance, and Political Decision Making in the Twenty-First Century. World Futures 61 (7):481 – 510.score: 463.5
    The present system of politics is based on the centrality of economics. This system is not capable of coming to grips with the problems confronting humanity. A culture-based system of politics is required to do this and prevent ecological disaster. This system would make it possible to reduce the demands human beings are making on the natural environment and situate human welfare, environmental well-being, and the public interest at the core of the political process. The risks of such (...)
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  16. Nils-Eric Sahlin, Annika Wallin & Johannes Persson (2010). Decision Science: From Ramsey to Dual Process Theories. Synthese 172 (1):129 - 143.score: 441.0
    The hypothesis that human reasoning and decision-making can be roughly modeled by Expected Utility Theory has been at the core of decision science. Accumulating evidence has led researchers to modify the hypothesis. One of the latest additions to the field is Dual Process theory, which attempts to explain variance between participants and tasks when it comes to deviations from Expected Utility Theory. It is argued that Dual Process theories at this point cannot replace previous theories, since (...)
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  17. John M. Kline (2010). Ethics for International Business: Decision Making in a Global Political Economy. Routledge.score: 436.5
    The value foundation for a global society -- Ethics and international business -- Human rights concepts and principles -- Political involvements by business -- The foreign production process -- Product and export controls -- Marketing motives and methods -- Culture and the human environment -- Nature and the physical environment -- Business guidance and control mechanisms -- Deciding ethical dilemmas.
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  18. C. West Churchman (1956). Science and Decision Making. Philosophy of Science 23 (3):247-249.score: 436.5
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  19. Colin F. Gauld (2005). Habits of Mind, Scholarship and Decision Making in Science and Religion. Science and Education 14 (3-5):291-308.score: 436.5
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  20. Claudia Landwehr (2010). Discourse and Coordination: Modes of Interaction and Their Roles in Political Decision-Making. Journal of Political Philosophy 18 (1):101-122.score: 436.5
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  21. Laszlo Sekelj (1987). Conflict and Cohesion in Socialist Yugoslavia: Political Decision Making Since 1966. Telos 1987 (71):200-207.score: 436.5
    Yugoslavia is unique among East European countries. It is a highly decentralized, multi-national federation with six republics and two autonomous provinces. It is a one party state. At the same time, it has a very sophisticated system of direct political and economic democracy. In theory, it is supposed to be the realization of the society envisioned by libertarian socialists such as Proudhon, Bakunin and Marx. But high inflation, unemployment, national tensions, mass frustration, social immobility and an unrepresentative political (...)
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  22. Randy L. Bell & Norman G. Lederman (2003). Understandings of the Nature of Science and Decision Making on Science and Technology Based Issues. Science Education 87 (3):352-377.score: 436.5
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  23. Paul Healy (2008). Phronetic Social Science: Prospects and Possibilities? Sandford Schram and Brian Caterino, Eds, Making Political Science Matter: Debating Knowledge, Research, and Method. New York: New York University Press, 2006. History of the Human Sciences 21 (1):135-145.score: 430.5
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  24. James W. Boettcher (2005). Strong Inclusionist Accounts of the Role of Religion in Political Decision-Making. Journal of Social Philosophy 36 (4):497–516.score: 427.5
  25. Stephen Nathanson (1991). Kennedy and the Cuban Missile Crisis: On the Role of Moral Reasons in Explaining and Evaluating Political Decision-Making. Journal of Social Philosophy 22 (2):94-108.score: 427.5
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  26. J. W. McAllister, Emotion, Rationality, and Decision Making in Science.score: 427.5
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  27. Simon Hornblower (1985). Hugo Montgomery: The Way to Chaeronea: Foreign Policy. Decision Making and Political Influence in Demosthenes' Speeches. Pp. 120. Bergen, Oslo, Stavanger, Tromso: Universitetsforlaget, 1984. Paper, £15.65. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 35 (02):409-.score: 427.5
  28. James Stacey Taylor (2005). A Review Of: “Thomas May. 2002.Bioethics in a Liberal Society: The Political Framework of Bioethics Decision Making”. [REVIEW] American Journal of Bioethics 5 (1):92-93.score: 427.5
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  29. Michael D. Lord (2000). Corporate Political Strategy and Legislative Decision Making The Impact of Corporate Legislative Influence Activities. Business and Society 39 (1):76-93.score: 427.5
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  30. Ronald A. Knox & H. Montgomery (1987). The Way to Chaeronea: Foreign Policy, Decision-Making and Political Influence in Demosthenes' Speeches. Journal of Hellenic Studies 107:201.score: 427.5
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  31. D. M. Lewis (1976). Roger Alain de Laix: Probouleusis at Athens: A Study of Political Decision-Making. Pp. 237. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1973. Paper, $6. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 26 (02):287-.score: 427.5
  32. James Stacey Taylor (2005). A Review Of:“Thomas May. 2002. Bioethics in a Liberal Society: The Political Framework of Bioethics Decision Making” Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press. 135 Pp. $42.00, Hardcover. [REVIEW] American Journal of Bioethics 5 (1):92-93.score: 427.5
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  33. A. Brennan & J. Malpas (2010). Who Legislates the Truth? Science, Organizational Governance, and Democratic Decision Making. Public Affairs Quarterly 24 (1):79-97.score: 427.5
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  34. J. Chataway & J. Tait (1993). Risk Regulation and Strategic Decision Making in Biotechnology: The Political Economy of Innovation. Agriculture and Human Values 10 (2):60-67.score: 427.5
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  35. F. Cizek (1978). Problem of Criteria of Adequacy of Theoretical Level of Knowledge as a Component of Decision-Making Processes in Science. Filosoficky Casopis 26 (1):32-44.score: 427.5
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  36. S. Farber, R. Costanza, D. L. Childers, J. Erickson, K. Gross, M. Grove, C. Hopkinson, J. Kahn, S. Pincetl & A. Troy (2006). An Ecosystem Services Framework That Links Science, Values, and Environmental Decision Making. Bioscience 56:121-133.score: 427.5
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  37. T. R. F. (1972). Comparative Judicial Behavior. Cross-Cultural Studies of Political Decision-Making in East and West. Review of Metaphysics 25 (4):767-768.score: 427.5
  38. Richard Rockingham Gill (1967). Problems of Decision-Making in Soviet Science Policy. Minerva 5 (2):198-208.score: 427.5
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  39. Dick Holdsworth (1995). Ethical Decision-Making in Science and Technology. In Brenda Almond (ed.), Introducing Applied Ethics. Blackwell. 130--147.score: 427.5
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  40. William M. Johnston (1973). Collected Writings. I. Orientation and Decision. II. Law, State, Power. III. Theory of the State as Political Science. Philosophy and History 6 (1):27-29.score: 427.5
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  41. Aurelio Peccei & Mihaljo Mesarovic (1979). Dynamics of Science, Technology, and Society: Analysis and Decision-Making. In Philip W. Hemily & M. N. Őzdas (eds.), Technological Challenges for Social Change. Oxford University Press. 2--61.score: 427.5
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  42. P. J. Rhodes & R. A. de Laix (1974). Probouleusis at Athens: A Study of Political Decision-Making. Journal of Hellenic Studies 94:232.score: 427.5
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  43. C. E. W. Steel (2005). Popular Decision-Making R. Morstein-Marx: Mass Oratory and Political Power in the Late Roman Republic . Pp. Xiv + 313, Maps, Ills. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. Cased, £50, US$75. ISBN: 0-521-82327-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 55 (02):617-.score: 427.5
  44. Jordan Bartol & Stefan Linquist (forthcoming). How Do Somatic Markers Feature in Decision Making? Emotion Review.score: 414.0
    Several recent criticisms of the somatic marker hypothesis (SMH) identify multiple ambiguities in the way it has been formulated by its chief proponents. Here we provide evidence that this hypothesis has also been interpreted in various different ways by the scientific community. Our diagnosis of this problem is that SMH lacks an adequate computational-level account of practical decision making. Such an account is necessary for drawing meaningful links between neurological- and psychological-level data. The paper concludes by providing a (...)
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  45. Drew Abney, Rick Dale, Jeff Yoshimi, Chris Kello, Kristian Tylén & Riccardo Fusaroli (2014). Joint Perceptual Decision-Making: A Case Study in Explanatory Pluralism. Frontiers in Psychology 5:330.score: 414.0
    Traditionally different approaches to the study of cognition have been viewed as competing explanatory frameworks. An alternative view, explanatory pluralism, regards different approaches to the study of cognition as complementary ways of studying the same phenomenon, at specific temporal and spatial scales, using appropriate methodological tools. Explanatory pluralism has been often described abstractly, but has rarely been applied to concrete cases. We present a case study of explanatory pluralism. We discuss three separate ways of studying the same phenomenon: a perceptual (...)
     
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  46. Joseph E. Taylor Iii (1998). Making Salmon: The Political Economy of Fishery Science and the Road Not Taken. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 31 (1):33 - 59.score: 405.0
  47. Gerard Radnitzky (1984). Science, Technology, and Political Decision: From the Creation of a Theory to the Evaluation of the Consequences of Its Application. Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 40 (3):307 - 317.score: 405.0
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  48. Joseph E. Taylor Iii (1998). Making Salmon: The Political Economy of Fishery Science and the Road Not Taken. Journal of the History of Biology 31 (1):33-59.score: 405.0
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  49. Juha Räikkä (2009). The Ethical and Political Evaluation of Biotechnology Strategies. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (3):273-280.score: 391.0
    In this paper I will briefly discuss the role and function of the ethical advisory committees and other ethics bodies that are supposed to take care of the ethical dimension of the biotechnology strategies. The expert ethical advice has created colourful discussion in many contexts, but here I aim to analyze the role and relevance of ethical expertise in the context of national and regional biotechnology strategies. I will argue that it may be quite unproblematic that the work of the (...)
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  50. Jeffrey Nesteruk & David T. Risser (1993). Conceptions of the Corporation and Ethical Decision Making in Business. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 12 (1):73-89.score: 373.5
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