Search results for 'Political science Research' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. National Committee for Research Ethics in Science & Technology (2009). Guidelines for Research Ethics in Science and Technology. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 14 (1).score: 1440.0
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  2. Sharon Crasnow (2012). The Role of Case Study Research in Political Science: Evidence for Causal Claims. Philosophy of Science 79 (5):655-666.score: 552.0
    Political science research, particularly in international relations and comparative politics, has increasingly become dominated by statistical and formal approaches. The promise of these approaches shifted the methodological emphasis away from case study research. In response, supporters of case study research argue that case studies provide evidence for causal claims that is not available through statistical and formal research methods, and many have advocated multimethod research. I propose a way of understanding the integration of (...)
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  3. S. Crasnow (2011). Evidence for Use: Causal Pluralism and the Role of Case Studies in Political Science Research. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 41 (1):26-49.score: 541.0
    Most contemporary political science researchers are advocates of multimethod research, however, the value and proper role of qualitative methodologies, like case study analysis, is disputed. A pluralistic philosophy of science can shed light on this debate. Methodological pluralism is indeed valuable, but does not entail causal pluralism. Pluralism about the goals of science is relevant to the debate and suggests a focus on the difference between evidence for warrant and evidence for use. I propose that (...)
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  4. Sharon Crasnow, Evidence for Use: The Role of Case Studies in Political Science Research.score: 537.0
    In its most recent form, the debate about the relationship between quantitative and qualitative methodology in political science has been shaped by the publication of Designing Social Inquiry: Scientific Inference in Qualitative Research by Gary King, Robert O. Keohane, and Sidney Verba in 1994 (hereafter DSI). The focus of this debate has been case study research. DSI advocates that qualitative research, particularly case study research, be modeled on the template of quantitative research. The (...)
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  5. A. Chatterjee (2013). Ontology, Epistemology, and Multimethod Research in Political Science. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 43 (1):73-99.score: 525.0
    Epistemologies and research methods are not free of metaphysics. This is to say that they are both, supported by (or presumed by), and support (or presume) fundamental ontologies. A discussion of the epistemological foundations of "multimethod" research in the social sciences—in as much as such research claims to unearth "causal" relations—therefore cannot avoid the ontological presuppositions or implications of such a discussion. But though there isn’t necessarily a perfect correspondence between ontology, epistemology, and methodology, they do constrain (...)
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  6. Eric Groenendyk (2011). Current Emotion Research in Political Science: How Emotions Help Democracy Overcome its Collective Action Problem. Emotion Review 3 (4):455-463.score: 473.0
    Though scholars have long acknowledged the vital role of affect in politics, recent research has sought to more thoroughly integrate emotions into models of political behavior. Emotions may prove to be the missing piece in a variety of puzzles with which political scientists have struggled for decades. At its core, democracy poses a collective action problem. For each individual citizen, the cost of productive political engagement often outweighs the additional policy benefits to be gained from such (...)
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  7. Steven D. Roper & Lilian A. Barria (2009). Political Science Perspectives on Human Rights. Human Rights Review 10 (3):305-308.score: 471.0
    This special issue of Human Rights Review is devoted to an exploration of the current human rights research agendas within the political science discipline. Research on human rights is truly an interdisciplinary quest in which various epistemologies can contribute to each other and form a larger dialogue concerning rights and wrongs. This special issue is devoted to an expansive understanding of the state of research on human rights in the political science discipline. One (...)
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  8. Robert E. Cleary (forthcoming). The Impact of IRBs on Political Science Research. Irb.score: 450.0
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  9. Paul Healy (2008). Phronetic Social Science: Prospects and Possibilities? Sandford Schram and Brian Caterino, Eds, Making Political Science Matter: Debating Knowledge, Research, and Method. New York: New York University Press, 2006. History of the Human Sciences 21 (1):135-145.score: 438.0
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  10. Henry M. Magid (1955). A Critique of Easton on the Moral Foundations of Theoretical Research in Political Science:The Political System: An Inquiry Into the State of Political Science David Easton. Ethics 65 (3):201-.score: 435.0
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  11. Henry M. Magid (1955). Review: A Critique of Easton on the Moral Foundations of Theoretical Research in Political Science. [REVIEW] Ethics 65 (3):201 - 205.score: 435.0
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  12. Robyn Bluhm (2012). Elizabeth Ben-Ishai is Assistant Professor of Political Science at Albion College. Her Research Focuses on Feminist Political Theory, Theories of Autonomy, and Social Welfare Service Delivery. Her Recent Publications Include Fostering Autonomy: A Theory of Citizenship, the State, and Social Service Delivery (2012). [REVIEW] International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 5 (2).score: 435.0
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  13. David Williams (1996). Japan and the Enemies of Open Political Science. Routledge.score: 432.0
    Japan and the Enemies of Open Political Science argues that Eurocentric blindness is a scientific failing, not a moral one. In a way true of no other political system, Japan's greatness has the potential to enliven and reform almost all the main branches of Western Political Science. David Williams criticizes Western social science, Anglo-American Philosophy and French Theory and explains why mainstream economists, historians of political thought and postculturalists have ignored Japan's modern achievements. (...)
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  14. Wouter Rossum (1994). The Political Economy of Research Councils: Different Roles of Research Councils in Science Policy. Knowledge and Policy 7 (1):63-78.score: 405.0
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  15. Sara R. Jordan & Kim Q. Hill (2012). Ethical Assurance Statements in Political Science Journals. Journal of Academic Ethics 10 (3):243-250.score: 381.0
    Many journals in the physical sciences require authors to submit assurances of compliance with human subjects and other research ethics standards. These requirements do not cover all disciplines equally, however. In this paper we report on the findings of a survey of perceptions of ethical and managerial problems from journal editors in political science and related disciplines. Our results show that few journals in political science require assurance statements common to journals for other scientific disciplines. (...)
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  16. Mark B. Brown & David H. Guston (2009). Science, Democracy, and the Right to Research. Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (3):351-366.score: 342.0
    Debates over the politicization of science have led some to claim that scientists have or should have a “right to research.” This article examines the political meaning and implications of the right to research with respect to different historical conceptions of rights. The more common “liberal” view sees rights as protections against social and political interference. The “republican” view, in contrast, conceives rights as claims to civic membership. Building on the republican view of rights, this (...)
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  17. David Hursh (2011). The Politics of Inquiry: Education Research and the "Culture of Science" (Review). Education and Culture 27 (1):73-77.score: 336.0
    Baez and Boyle provide evidence that educational research is inherently political and shapes how we look at the world, what research questions we ask, and what counts as a valid answer. They show how those who hold powerful governmental and academic positions advocate for and limit funding to research that is positivistic and elevates the natural sciences above all other forms of science. Such an approach not only marginalizes other forms of science but also (...)
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  18. David Tyfield (2012). A Cultural Political Economy of Research and Innovation in an Age of Crisis. Minerva 50 (2):149-167.score: 333.0
    Science and technology policy is both faced by unprecedented challenges and itself undergoing seismic shifts. First, policy is increasingly demanding of science that it fixes a set of epochal and global crises. On the other hand, practices of scientific research are changing rapidly regarding geographical dispersion, the institutions and identities of those involved and its forms of knowledge production and circulation. Furthermore, these changes are accelerated by the current upheavals in public funding of research, higher education (...)
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  19. Mike Walsh, Gordon Grant & Zoë Coleman (2008). Action Research—a Necessary Complement to Traditional Health Science? Health Care Analysis 16 (2):127-144.score: 333.0
    There is continuing interest in action research in health care. This is despite action researchers facing major problems getting support for their projects from mainstream sources of R&D funds partly because its validity is disputed and partly because it is difficult to predict or evaluate and is therefore seen as risky. In contrast traditional health science dominates and relies on compliance with strictly defined scientific method and rules of accountability. Critics of scientific health care have highlighted many problems (...)
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  20. J. Kuorikoski & A. Lehtinen (2010). Economics Imperialism and Solution Concepts in Political Science. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 40 (3):347-374.score: 300.0
    Political science and economic science . . . make use of the same language, the same mode of abstraction, the same instruments of thought and the same method of reasoning. (Black 1998, 354) Proponents as well as opponents of economics imperialism agree that imperialism is a matter of unification; providing a unified framework for social scientific analysis. Uskali Mäki distinguishes between derivational and ontological unification and argues that the latter should serve as a constraint for the former. (...)
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  21. Mark Bevir (2011). Political Science After Foucault. History of the Human Sciences 24 (4):81-96.score: 300.0
    This article concerns the relevance of postfoundationalism, including the ideas of Michel Foucault, for political science. The first half of the article distinguishes three forms of postfoundationalism, all of which draw some of their inspiration from Foucault. First, the governmentality literature draws on Marxist theories of social control, and then absorbs Foucault’s focus on power/knowledge. Second, the post-Marxists combine the formal linguistics of Saussure with a focus on hegemonic discourses. Third, some social humanists infuse Foucauldian themes into the (...)
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  22. David B. Resnik (2009). Playing Politics with Science: Balancing Scientific Independence and Government Oversight. Oxford University Press.score: 300.0
    In Playing Politics with Science, David B. Resnik explores the philosophical, political, and ethical issues related to the politicalization of science and ...
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  23. Oliver H. Osborne (1980). Cross-Cultural Social Science Research and Questions of Scientific Medical Imperialism. Bioethics Quarterly 2 (3):159-163.score: 297.0
    Concern for the rights and safety of individuals has caused clinical researchers to develop informed consent protocols for research involving human subjects. The applicapability of these regulations to social science research is often tenuous, since such research usually focuses on populations rather than individuals, and potential damage is apt to be political rather than personal. In cross-cultural social research, the protocols developed by Western clinical researchers may be not only ludicrously inapplicable, but intrusive and (...)
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  24. Sanford F. Schram (2012). The Artful Study of Not Being Governed Better Political Science for a Better World. Common Knowledge 18 (3):528-537.score: 291.0
    James C. Scott’s book The Art of Not Being Governed is offered, in this essay review, as the latest evidence of the high value of Scott’s transdisciplinary research into how ordinary people resist state power. Scott’s critics have found his work methodologically deficient, suggesting that his approach is more a matter of art than of science. In this defense of methodological pluralism, Scott’s approach is shown to be vindicated by his insights into how the peoples of Zomia evolved (...)
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  25. Roger Pielke Jr (2012). Basic Research as a Political Symbol. Minerva 50 (3):339-361.score: 279.0
    The use of the phrase “basic research” as a term used in science policy discussion dates only to about 1920. At the time the phrase referred to what we today commonly refer to as applied research in support of specific missions or goals, especially agriculture. Upon the publication of Vannevar Bush’s well-known report, Science – The Endless Frontier, the phrase “basic research” became a key political symbol, representing various identifications, expectations and demands related to (...)
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  26. Mark S. Frankel (forthcoming). Private Interests Count Too Commentary on “Science, Democracy, and the Right to Research”. Science and Engineering Ethics.score: 270.0
    Along with concerns about the deleterious effects of politically driven government intervention on science are the intrusion of private sector interests into the conduct of research and the reporting of its results. Scientists are generally unprepared for the challenges posed by private interests seeking to advance their economic, political, or ideological agendas. They must educate and prepare themselves for assaults on scientific freedom, not because it is a legal right, but rather because social progress depends on it.
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  27. Harold Dorn (2000). Science, Marx, and History: Are There Still Research Frontiers? Perspectives on Science 8 (3):223-254.score: 270.0
    : Half a century of political Marxism and Soviet social science deflected Marxist thought from its canonical sources. Communism and Marxism were so intertwined by events of the twentieth century that it is difficult to see what remains of the latter after the demise of the former. Specifically, three foundational principles--"being determines consciousness," the Asiatic Mode of Production, and "the ideas of the ruling class are the ruling ideas"--have been corrupted by heartfelt ideological commitments. A review of those (...)
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  28. Kean Birch (2013). The Political Economy of Technoscience: An Emerging Research Agenda. Spontaneous Generations: A Journal for the History and Philosophy of Science 7 (1):49-61.score: 270.0
    This short essay presents the case for a renewed research agenda in STS focused on the political economy of technoscience. This research agenda is based on the claim that STS needs to take account of contemporary economic and financial processes and how they shape and are shaped by technoscience. This necessitates understanding how these processes might impact on science, technology and innovation, rather than turning an STS gaze on the economy.
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  29. Anna G. Jónasdóttir & Kathleen B. Jones (eds.) (2008). The Political Interests of Gender Revisited: Redoing Theory and Research with a Feminist Face. United Nations University Press.score: 264.0
  30. Elizabeth Anderson (2004). Uses of Value Judgments in Science: A General Argument, with Lessons From a Case Study of Feminist Research on Divorce. Hypatia 19 (1):1-24.score: 261.0
    : The underdetermination argument establishes that scientists may use political values to guide inquiry, without providing criteria for distinguishing legitimate from illegitimate guidance. This paper supplies such criteria. Analysis of the confused arguments against value-laden science reveals the fundamental criterion of illegitimate guidance: when value judgments operate to drive inquiry to a predetermined conclusion. A case study of feminist research on divorce reveals numerous legitimate ways that values can guide science without violating this standard.
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  31. Torsten Wilholt (2006). Scientific Autonomy and Planned Research: The Case of Space Science. Poiesis and Praxis 4 (4):253-265.score: 261.0
    Scientific research that requires space flight has always been subject to comparatively strong external control. Its agenda has often had to be adapted to vacillating political target specifications. Can space scientists appeal to one or the other form of the widely acknowledged principle of freedom of research in order to claim more autonomy? In this paper, the difficult question of autonomy within planned research is approached by examining three arguments that support the principle of freedom of (...)
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  32. Willy Ostreng (2009). Science Without Boundaries: Interdisciplinarity in Research, Society and Politics. University Press of America.score: 258.0
    This book discusses the many issues involved in going beyond disciplinary research practices in science, politics and society, and addresses the complexities of their interface.
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  33. Reiner Grundmann (2012). The Power of Scientific Knowledge: From Research to Public Policy. Cambridge University Press.score: 255.0
    Machine generated contents note: Preface; 1. Introduction; 2. The savior of capitalism: the power of economic discourse; 3. The mentors of the Holocaust and the power of race science; 4. Protectors of nature: the power of climate change research; 5. Conclusion; Bibliography.
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  34. Daniel Diermeier (1995). Rational Choice and the Role of Theory in Political Science. Critical Review 9 (1-2):59-70.score: 246.0
    In their survey of empirical research based on rational choice theory, Don Green and Ian Shapiro point to a list of methodological deficiencies or ?pathologies.? The main problem with Green and Shapiro's list lies in the standards they use to evaluate the achievements of rational choice theory. These standards are derived from a view of empirical research that is deeply questionable and, in the stated form, inconsistent with both standard insights in contemporary philosophy of science and the (...)
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  35. Christopher B. Anderson, Gene E. Likens, Ricardo Rozzi, Julio R. Gutiérrez & Juan J. Armesto (2008). Integrating Science and Society Through Long-Term Socio-Ecological Research. Environmental Ethics 30 (3):295-312.score: 231.0
    Long-term ecological research (LTER), addressing problems that encompass decadal or longer time frames, began as a formal term and program in the United States in 1980. While long-term ecological studies and observation began as early as the 1400s and 1800s in Asia and Europe, respectively, the long-term approach was not formalized until the establishment of the U.S. long-term ecological research programs. These programs permitted ecosystem-level experiments and cross-site comparisons that led to insights into the biosphere’s structure and function. (...)
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  36. Fred D'Agostino (1995). Social Science as a Social Institution: Neutrality and the Politics of Social Research. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 25 (3):396-405.score: 225.0
    Philosophy of Social Science, that social scientific investigations do not and cannot meet the liberal requirement of "neutrality" most familiar to social scientists in the form of Max Weber's requirement of value-freedom. He argues, moreover, that this is for "institutional," not idiosyncratic, reasons: methodological demands (e.g., of validity) impel social scientists to pass along into their "objective" investigations the values of the people, groups, and cultures they are studying. In this paper, I consider the implications of Root's claims for (...)
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  37. David Leopold & Marc Stears (eds.) (2008). Political Theory: Methods and Approaches. Oxford University Press.score: 225.0
    Both individually and as a collection, these essays will promote understanding and provoke further debate amongst students and established scholars alike.
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  38. Struan Jacobs (1999). Thoughts on Political Sources of Karl Popper's Philosophy of Science. Journal of Philosophical Research 24:445-457.score: 225.0
    How did Karl Popper arrive at his theory of science? Popper believed that Einstein’s general theory of relativity and his attitudes of modesty and self-criticism were all important.This paper challenges details in Popper’s account and suggests an alternative interpretation of the formation of his theory. It is held that his disillusionment with Marxism predated and conditioned his understanding of Einstein, and that the liberalism of J. S. Mill may have exercised an influence . Political ideas and practice paved (...)
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  39. C. E. Clifford & D. E. Cooper (1991). Angus, IH George Grant's Platonic Rejoinder to Heidegger.(Lewiston, Edwin Mellen Press, 1987). Arendt, H. Philosophy and Politics, Social Research 57, 1990. Ballard, EG Heidegger's View and Evaluation of Nature and Natural Science in J. Sallis (Ed.), Heidegger and the Path of Thinking (Pittsburgh, Duquesne University. [REVIEW] Heythrop Journal 32 (3):323-340.score: 225.0
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  40. Gert Goeminne (2013). Science, Technology, and the Political. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 17 (1):93-123.score: 225.0
    In this paper, I elaborate on the very political dimension of epistemology that is opened up by the radical change of focus initiated by constructivism: from science as knowledge to science as practice. In a first step, this brings me to claim that science is political in its own right, thereby drawing on Mouffe and Laclau’s framework of radical democracy and its central notion of antagonism to make explicit what is meant by ‘the political.’ (...)
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  41. Moritz Epple & Claus Zittel (2010). Science as Cultural Practice: Vol. I: Cultures and Politics of Research From the Early Modern Period to the Age of Extremes. Akademie Verlag.score: 225.0
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  42. John William Burgess (1933). The Foundations of Political Science. New York, Columbia University Press.score: 224.0
    It has become, however, one of the commonest catchwords of modern political science. Especially is it so used and abused by French, English and American ...
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  43. Ira Katznelson (forthcoming). The State to the Rescue? Political Science and History Reconnect. Social Research.score: 219.0
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  44. Donald Clark Hodges (1965). On the Normative Significance of Political Science. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 25 (3):416-418.score: 219.0
  45. A. Brecht (1962). The New Political-Science Reexamined-a Symposium-Comment. Social Research 29 (2):134-136.score: 219.0
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  46. Ithiel de Sola Pool, Norton E. Long, Arvid Brodersen, Arnold Brecht, Hans Neisser & Howard B. White (forthcoming). The" New Political Science" Reexamined: A Symposium. Social Research.score: 219.0
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  47. Heinz Eulau (forthcoming). The Behavioral Movement in Political Science: A Personal Document. Social Research.score: 219.0
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  48. Morton A. Kaplan (forthcoming). Systems Theory and Political Science. Social Research.score: 219.0
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  49. Felix Kaufmann (forthcoming). The Issue of Ethical Neutrality in Political Science. Social Research.score: 219.0
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  50. Martin Landau (forthcoming). On the Use of Functional Analysis in American Political Science. Social Research.score: 219.0
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