Search results for 'Positivism History' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Lee Braver (forthcoming). Robert C. Scharff: How History Matters to Philosophy: Reconsidering Philosophy's Past After Positivism. Human Studies:1-5.score: 144.0
    Robert C. Scharff has written what we might call, after Nietzsche, a timely meditation. It is timely in that it is aimed at our particular time (“After Positivism”), and it is a meditation on timeliness, on what it means to do philosophy within time and history (“How History Matters to Philosophy”). These two topics meet in his depiction of our time as one that is either not fully aware of or that actively suppresses its own timeliness, its (...)
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  2. Robert C. Scharff (2014). How History Matters to Philosophy: Reconsidering Philosophy's Past After Positivism. Routledge.score: 144.0
    In recent decades, widespread rejection of positivism’s notorious hostility toward the philosophical tradition has led to renewed debate about the real relationship of philosophy to its history. How History Matters to Philosophy takes a fresh look at this debate. Current discussion usually starts with the question of whether philosophy’s past should matter, but Scharff argues that the very existence of the debate itself demonstrates that it already does matter. After an introductory review of the recent literature, he (...)
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  3. Wolfhard F. Boeselager (1975). The Soviet Critique of Neopositivism: The History and Structure of the Critique of Logical Positivism and Related Doctrines by Soviet Philosophers in the Years 1947-1967. Reidel Pub. Co..score: 132.0
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  4. Raymond Martin (1981). Beyond Positivism: A Research Program for Philosophy of History. Philosophy of Science 48 (1):112-121.score: 126.0
    It is argued that the debate over the positivist theory of historical explanation has made only a limited contribution to our understanding of how historians should defend the explanations they propose importantly because both positivists and their critics tacitly accepted two assumptions. The first assumption is that if the positivist analysis of historical explanation is correct, then historians ought to attempt to defend covering laws for each of the explanations they propose. The second is that unless a historian can justify (...)
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  5. Henry A. Giroux (1979). Schooling and the Culture of Positivism: Notes on the Death of History. Educational Theory 29 (4):263-284.score: 120.0
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  6. William Dray (1962). Professor Child on Neo-Positivism and History. Journal of Philosophy 59 (4):100-106.score: 120.0
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  7. Alonzo Church (1955). Review: Victor Kraft, The Vienna Circle. The Origin of Neo-Positivism. A Chapter in the History of Recent Philosophy. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 20 (1):62-63.score: 120.0
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  8. D. W. Hands (2002). Reconsidering the Received View of theReceived View'A Review of Michael Friedman's Reconsidering Logical Positivism,; Steve Fuller's Thomas Kuhn: A Philosophical History for Our Times,; and Imre Lakatos and Paul Feyerabend's For and Against Method. Journal of Economic Methodology 9 (1):93-99.score: 120.0
  9. Mortimer Taube (1937). Positivism, Science, and History. Journal of Philosophy 34 (8):205-210.score: 120.0
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  10. A. W. W. (1968). Book Review:The Alienation of Reason: A History of Positivist Thought. Leszak Kolakowski. [REVIEW] Ethics 79 (1):86-.score: 120.0
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  11. Frances E. Gillespie (1932). Book Review:A Crusade for Humanity. The History of Organized Positivism in England. John Edwin McGee. [REVIEW] Ethics 42 (3):380-.score: 120.0
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  12. Simo Knuuttila (ed.) (1988). Modern Modalities: Studies of the History of Modal Theories From Medieval Nominalism to Logical Positivism. Kluwer.score: 120.0
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  13. G. Lanaro (1988). Lewes, George, Henry Between Comte and Mill-an Episode in the History of British Positivism. Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 43 (1):77-102.score: 120.0
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  14. Is Narskij (1977). Lots of Positivist Conception of History of Philosophy. Filosoficky Casopis 25 (2):243-254.score: 120.0
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  15. Annie Petit (1995). L'héritage du Positivisme Dans la Création de la Chaire d'Histoire Générale des Sciences au Collège de France/Positivism's Heritage in the Creation of the Chair in General History of Sciences at the Collège de France. Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 48 (4):521-556.score: 120.0
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  16. Annie Petit (2005). L'enseignement Positiviste: Auxiliaire Ou Obstacle Pour l'Histoire des Sciences?/Positivist Teaching: Auxiliary or Obstacle for History of Science? Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 58 (2):329-366.score: 120.0
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  17. Annie Petit (1995). Positivism's Heritage in the Creation of the Chair in General History of Sciences at the College de France. Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 48 (4):521-556.score: 120.0
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  18. Annie Petit (2005). Thematic Files-Teaching History of Science in France Under the Third Republic-Positivist Teaching: Auxiliary or Obstacle for History of Science? Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 58 (2):329-366.score: 120.0
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  19. T. R. Wright (1986). The Religion of Humanity: The Impact of Comtean Positivism on Victorian Britain. Cambridge University Press.score: 114.0
    The Religion of Humanity, first expounded by the founder of Positivism, Auguste Comte, focused the minds of a wide range of prominent Victorians on the possibility of replacing Christianity with an alternative religion based on scientific principles and humanist values. This new book traces the impact of Comte's 'religion' on Victorian Britain, showing how its ideas were championed by John Stuart Mill and George Henry Lewes before being institutionalised by Richard Congreve and Frederic Harrison, the leaders of the two (...)
     
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  20. Andrew Wernick (2001). Auguste Comte and the Religion of Humanity: The Post-Theistic Program of French Social Theory. Cambridge University Press.score: 84.0
    This book offers an exciting re-interpretation of Auguste Comte, the founder of French sociology. Following the development of his philosophy of positivism, Comte later focused on the importance of the emotions in his philosophy resulting in the creation of a new religious system, the Religion of Humanity. Andrew Wernick provides the first in-depth critique of Comte's concept of religion and its place in his thinking on politics, sociology and philosophy of science. He places Comte's ideas in the context of (...)
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  21. Alan W. Richardson (1998). Carnap's Construction of the World: The Aufbau and the Emergence of Logical Empiricism. Cambridge University Press.score: 84.0
    This book is a major contribution to the history of analytic philosophy in general and of logical positivism in particular. It provides the first detailed and comprehensive study of Rudolf Carnap, one of the most influential figures in twentieth-century philosophy. The focus of the book is Carnap's first major work: Der logische Aufbau der Welt (The Logical Structure of the World). It reveals tensions within the context of German epistemology and philosophy of science in the early twentieth century. (...)
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  22. Ethan Kleinberg (2012). Back to Where We've Never Been: Heidegger, Levinas, and Derrida on Tradition and History. History and Theory 51 (4):114-135.score: 84.0
  23. Balázs Trencsényi (2010). Writing the Nation and Reframing Early Modern Intellectual History in Hungary. Studies in East European Thought 62 (2):135 - 154.score: 84.0
    The article traces the development of Hungarian intellectual history of the early modern period from the emergence of the national romantic constructions of literary history to the recent turn towards contextualist and conceptual history. One of its main findings is the ideological importance of this period for the formation of the national canon, as it became a central point of reference for the emerging local methodological tradition of intellectual history, even if it was often compartamentalized under (...)
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  24. Maurice Campbell Cornforth (1962/1975). Science Versus Idealism: In Defence of Philosophy Against Positivism and Pragmatism. Greenwood Press.score: 78.0
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  25. Stefano Gattei (2008). Thomas Kuhn's 'Linguistic Turn' and the Legacy of Logical Empiricism: Incommensurability, Rationality and the Search for Truth. Ashgate Pub..score: 72.0
    Presenting a critical history of the philosophy of science in the twentieth century, focusing on the transition from logical positivism in its first half to the ...
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  26. Naomi Choi (2007). Interpretivism in Jurisprudence: What Difference Does the Philosophy of History Make to the Philosophy of Law? Journal of the Philosophy of History 1 (3):365-393.score: 72.0
    To answer the question of what difference the philosophy of history makes to the philosophy of law this paper begins by calling attention to the way that Ronald Dworkin's interpretive theory of law is supposed to upend legal positivism. My analysis shows how divergent theories about what law and the basis of legal authority is are supported by divergent points of view about what concepts are, how they operate within social practices, and how we might best give account (...)
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  27. Ericka Tucker (2013). The Subject of History: Historical Subjectivity and Historical Science. Journal of the Philosophy of History 7 (2):205-229.score: 72.0
    In this paper, I show how the phenomenological and hermeneutic traditions and method converge on their treatment of the historical subject. Thinkers from both traditions claim that subjectivity is shaped by a historical worldview. Each tradition provides an account of how these worldviews are shaped, and thus how essentially historical subjective experience is molded. I argue that both traditions, although offering helpful ways of understanding the way history shapes subjectivity, go too far in their epistemic claims for the superiority (...)
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  28. Stephen K. McLeod (2001). Modality and Anti-Metaphysics. Ashgate.score: 72.0
    Modality and Anti-Metaphysics critically examines the most prominent approaches to modality among analytic philosophers in the twentieth century, including essentialism. Defending both the project of metaphysics and the essentialist position that metaphysical modality is conceptually and ontologically primitive, Stephen McLeod argues that the logical positivists did not succeed in banishing metaphysical modality from their own theoretical apparatus and he offers an original defence of metaphysics against their advocacy of its elimination. -/- Seeking to assuage the sceptical worries which underlie modal (...)
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  29. Krzysztof Brzechczyn (2009). Between Science and Literature: The Debate on the Status of History. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 97 (1):7-30.score: 72.0
    The author in terms of idealizational theory of science explicates two approaches to history represented by positivism (Hempel) and narrativism (White). According to positivism, history is branch of science, according to narrativism, history is closer to literature. In the second part of this paper, the author paraphrases some paradoxes of historical narrative elaborated by mentioned-above representatives of these standpoints what is argument for unity of scientific methods presupposed by idealizational theory of science.
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  30. Michael Friedman (1999). Reconsidering Logical Positivism. Cambridge University Press.score: 66.0
    In this collection of essays one of the preeminent philosophers of science writing today offers a reinterpretation of the enduring significance of logical positivism, the revolutionary philosophical movement centered around the Vienna Circle in the 1920s and '30s. Michael Friedman argues that the logical positivists were radicals not by presenting a new version of empiricism (as is often thought to be the case) but rather by offering a new conception of a priori knowledge and its role in empirical knowledge. (...)
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  31. Joe Cain (2000). Woodger, Positivism, and the Evolutionary Synthesis. Biology and Philosophy 15 (4):535-551.score: 66.0
    In Unifying Biology, Smocovitis offers a series of claimsregarding the relationship between key actors in the synthesisperiod of evolutionary studies and positivism, especially claimsentailing Joseph Henry Woodger and the Unity of Science Movement.This commentary examines Woodger''s possible relevance to key synthesis actors and challenges Smocovitis'' arguments for theexplanatory relevance of logical positivism, and positivism moregenerally, to synthesis history. Under scrutiny, these arguments areshort on evidence and subject to substantial conceptual confusion.Though plausible, Smocovitis'' minimal interpretation – that (...)
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  32. James T. Kloppenberg (2004). Pragmatism and the Practice of History: From Turner and Du Bois to Today. Metaphilosophy 35 (1-2):202-225.score: 66.0
    Pragmatism has affected American historical writing since the early twentieth century. Such contemporaries and students of Peirce, James, and Dewey as Frederick Jackson Turner, W. E. B. Du Bois, James Harvey Robinson, Charles Beard, Mary Beard, and Carl Becker drew on pragmatism when they fashioned what was called the “new history.” They wanted to topple inherited assumptions about the past and replace positivist historical methods with the pragmatists' model of a community of inquiry. Such widely read mid-twentieth-century historians as (...)
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  33. Chris Lorenz (1998). Can Histories Be True? Narrativism, Positivism, and the "Metaphoricalturn". History and Theory 37 (3):309–329.score: 66.0
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  34. Alexander Bird (2004). Kuhn, Naturalism and the Positivist Legacy. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 35 (2):337-56.score: 60.0
    I defend against criticism the following claims concening Thomas Kuhn: (i) there is a strong naturalist streak in The structure of scientific revolutions, whereby Kuhn used the results of a posteriori enquiry in addressing philosophical questions; (ii) as Kuhn's career as a philosopher of science developed he tended to drop the naturalistic elements and to replace them with more traditionally philosophical a prior approaches; (iii) at the same there is a significant residue of positivist thought in Kuhm, which Kuhn did (...)
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  35. Paul A. Roth (2008). Varieties and Vagaries of Historical Explanation. Journal of the Philosophy of History 2 (2):214-226.score: 60.0
    For the better part of the 20th century, expositions of issues regarding historical explanation followed a predictable format, one that took as given the nonequivalence of explanations in history and philosophical models of scientific explanation. Ironically, at the present time, the philosophical point of note concerns how the notion of science has itself changed. Debates about explanation in turn need to adapt to this. This prompts the question of whether anything now still makes plausible the thought that history (...)
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  36. Amy M. Schmitter (2003). The Verificationist in Spite of Himself. History and Theory 42 (3):412–423.score: 60.0
    Review Essay of Keith Moxey, The Practice of Persuasion: Paradox and Power in Art History.
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  37. Juha Manninen & Friedrich Stadler (eds.) (2010). The Vienna Circle in the Nordic Countries: Networks and Transformations of Logical Empiricism. Springer Science + Business Media.score: 60.0
    One of the key events in the relations between the Central European philosophers and those of the Nordic countries was the Second International Congress for the ...
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  38. Filip M. Alexandrescu (2009). Not as Natural as It Seems: The Social History of the Environment in American Sociology. History of the Human Sciences 22 (5):47-80.score: 60.0
    This article argues against Catton and Dunlap’s claims that the natural environment has been ignored or downplayed in American sociology before the emergence of environmental sociology in the 1970s. By reviewing a collection of 86 sociology textbooks between 1894 and 1980, the article provides quantitative evidence regarding the scope and types of references to the natural environment in mainstream sociology. The bulk of the article is based on an interpretive-historical analysis of the different representations of the environment in the textbook (...)
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  39. Johan Heilbron (2009). Sociology and Positivism in 19th-Century France: The Vicissitudes of the Société de Sociologie (1872—4). History of the Human Sciences 22 (4):30-62.score: 60.0
    Little is known about the world’s first sociological society, Émile Littré’s Société de Sociologie (1872—4). This article, based on prosopographic research, offers an interpretation of the foundation, political-intellectual orientation and early demise of the society. As indicated by recruitment and texts by its founding members, the Société de Sociologie was in fact conceived more as a political club than a learned society. Guided in this by Littré’s heterodox positivism and the redefinition of sociology he proposed around 1870, the Société (...)
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  40. M. A. Notturno (1997). Thomas Kuhn and the Legacy of Logical Positivism. History of the Human Sciences 10 (1):131-134.score: 60.0
    Thomas Kuhn died last June, and with him the last of the great 20th-century\nphilosophers of science passed into history. In order to understand this\nhistory, it is necessary to understand Kuhn’s relationship to what came before\nhim. Logical positivism is what came before Kuhn. And many people misunderstand\nthe relationship between the two. Michael Friedman’s account is\nrepresentative. Friedman writes that the ’official demise of’ logical positivism\n’took place sometime between the publication of W. V Quine’s ’Two Dogmas\nof Empiricism’ (1951), and that (...)
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  41. Axel Körner (2011). The Experience of Time as Crisis: On Croce's and Benjamin's Concept of History. Intellectual History Review 21 (2):151-169.score: 60.0
    In the early decades of the twentieth century the experience of time as crisis became the catalyst for a fundamental reorientation in the relationship between historical materialism and idealism, leading to the rejection of simplistic mechanical concepts of historical time. This reorientation represents a turning point in the history of European ideas, clearly evident in the work of two major thinkers of this period, usually associated with opposing political ideologies: the Marxist theorist Walter Benjamin and the liberal philosopher Benedetto (...)
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  42. Edmund Neill (2012). Varieties of Positivism in Western European Political Thought, C. 1945–1970: An Introduction. History of European Ideas 39 (1):1-18.score: 60.0
    Summary This article introduces a set of essays examining the state of political thought in the Western European democracies of Britain, France, West Germany, Italy and Sweden in the post-war period between 1945 and 1970. In particular, as well as simply filling a gap, they seek to demonstrate that political theory in this period was more vibrant than has traditionally been maintained. A key part of this argument is that the discipline was less adversely affected by the ascendancy of (...) than historians and political theorists have normally argued, not least because ?positivism? was in fact a more diverse and varied phenomenon than is usually recognised. For while some positivists drew on either behaviourist social science of linguistic philosophy to justify their denial that moral and political values could be discussed rationally with reference to theoretical arguments, others argued that it was the perceived success of post-war welfare states or the alleged failure of political ideologies that had made traditional political theory irrelevant. This meant that although few political theorists in this period were able to refute all types of positivism entirely, they were able to take issue with different aspects of it, and hence, at least to some extent, to pursue their discipline normatively. However, experiences in different Western European countries nevertheless varied widely. In Britain, normative political theorists faced both versions of the positivist challenge, but their ripostes were largely couched in academic terms, whether addressing the ?end of ideology? thesis, behaviourism or linguistic positivism. In West Germany, by contrast, the debate over positivism was much more overtly political, since the legacy of the Weimar republic caused the issue of whether political values in general, and laws in particular, were rationally justifiable to be a peculiarly sensitive one. But even in Sweden, which had a much quieter history, and has often been seen as the epitome of a technocratic political system, it is revealed that the degree to which ?the end of ideology? had been reached was much more keenly contested in practical politics than has previously been thought. And in France, it is revealed that there was more interesting academic political theorising being prosecuted than has traditionally been acknowledged, by such thinkers as Jacques Maritain and Raymond Aron, even if there was admittedly less than in, for example, Britain. And lastly, in Italy, despite a badly functioning political system, which tended to encourage cynicism about politics in general, there were in fact important and sophisticated attempts at formulating coherent normative positions, at least on an ideological level. Whatever the differences, however, the conclusion is clear: normative political theory was in general in much better health during this period than has traditionally been admitted, and, as such, is worthy of considerable further exploration. (shrink)
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  43. Alexander Stehn (2012). From Positivism to ‘Anti-Positivism’ in Mexico: Some Notable Continuities. In Gregory Gilson & Irving Levinson (eds.), Latin American Positivism: New Historical and Philosophic Essays. Lexington Books. 49.score: 60.0
    A general consensus has emerged in the scholarship on Latin American thought dating from the latter half of the nineteenth century through the first quarter of the twentieth. Latin American intellectuals widely adapted the European philosophy of positivism in keeping with the demands of their own social and political contexts, effectively making positivism the second most important philosophical tradition in the history of Latin America, after scholasticism. However, as thinkers across Latin America faced the challenges of the (...)
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  44. Pablo Guadarrama González (2004). Positivismo y Antipositivismo En América Latina. Editorial de Ciencias Sociales.score: 60.0
  45. Robert Hollinger & David J. Depew (eds.) (1995). Pragmatism: From Progressivism to Postmodernism. Praeger.score: 60.0
     
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  46. Nuray Karaca (2008). Pozitivizmin Erken Cumhuriyet Dönemine Etkisi. Ankaraanı Yayıncılık.score: 60.0
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  47. Marcela Varejão (2005). Il Positivismo Dall'italia Al Brasile: Sociologia Del Diritto, Giuristi E Legislazione (1822-1935). Giuffrè.score: 60.0
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  48. Carl G. Hempel (1942). The Function of General Laws in History. Journal of Philosophy 39 (2):35-48.score: 54.0
    The classic logical positivist account of historical explanation, putting forward what is variously called the "regularity interpretation" (#Gardiner, The Nature of Historical Explanation), the "covering law model" (#Dray, Laws and Explanation in History), or the "deductive model" (Michael #Scriven, "Truisms as Grounds for Historical Explanations"). See also #Danto, Narration and Knowledge, for further criticisms of the model. Hempel formalizes historical explanation as involving (a) statements of determining (initial and boundary) conditions for the event to be explained, and (b) statements (...)
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  49. Arild Holt-Jensen (1999). Geography, History and Concepts: A Student's Guide. Sage Publications.score: 54.0
    Totally revised and updated, written especially for students, the third edition of Geography – History and Concepts is the definitive undergraduate introduction to the history, philosophy and methodology of Human Geography. Accessible and comprehensive, the work comprises five sections: - What is Geography?: a historical overview of the discipline and an explanation of its organization - The Foundations of Geography: examines Geography from Antiquity to the early modern period; the discussion includes detailed explanations of environmental determinism; the French (...)
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  50. John H. Zammito (2012). The Last Dogma of Positivism: Historicist Naturalism and the Fact/Value Dichotomy. Journal of the Philosophy of History 6 (3):305-338.score: 54.0
    Has the emergence of post-positivism in philosophy of science changed the terms of the “is/ought” dichotomy? If it has demonstrated convincingly that there are no “facts” apart from the theoretical frames and evaluative standards constructing them, can such a cordon sanitaire really be upheld between “facts” and values? The point I wish to stress is that philosophy of science has had a central role in constituting and imposing the fact/value dichotomy and a revolution in the philosophy of science should (...)
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