Search results for 'Pre-Qin Time' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Fulin Chao (2006). On the Origin and Development of the Idea of “de” in Pre-Qin Times. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 1 (2):161-184.score: 389.3
    In ancient Chinese thoughts, de is a comparatively complicated idea. Most of the researchers translated it directly into "virtue", but this translation is not accurate for our understanding of the idea of "de" in pre-Qin times. Generally speaking, in Pre-Qin times, the idea of"de" underwent three developmental periods. The first is the de of Heaven, the de of ancestors; the second the de of system; and the third the de of spirit and moral conducts. In a long period (...)
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  2. Feng Cao (2008). A Return to Intellectual History: A New Approach to Pre-Qin Discourse on Name. [REVIEW] Frontiers of Philosophy in China 3 (2):213-228.score: 381.0
    Discussions of name during the pre-Qin and Qin-Han period of Chinese history were very active. The concept ming at that time can be divided into two categories, one is the ethical-political meaning of the term and the other is the linguistic-logical understanding. The former far exceeds the latter in terms of overall influence on the development of Chinese intellectual history. But it is the latter that has received the most attention in the 20th century, due to the influence (...)
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  3. Ji Qin (2006). Zhuanji Baiyuanjing: Its Translator and the Time of its Completion Through Semantic View. Religious Studies 4:014.score: 360.0
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  4. Chao Fulin (2006). On the Origin and Development of the Idea of “de” in Pre-Qin Times. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 1 (2):161-184.score: 340.7
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  5. Keqian Xu (2010). Chinese “Dao” and Western “Truth”: A Comparative and Dynamic Perspective. Asian Social Science 6 (12):8.score: 270.0
    In the Pre-Qin time, pursuing “Dao” was the main task in the scholarship of most of the ancient Chinese philosophers, while the Ancient Greek philosophers considered pursuing “Truth” as their ultimate goal. While the “Dao” in ancient Chinese texts and the “Truth” in ancient Greek philosophic literature do share or cross-cover certain connotations, there are subtle and important differences between the two comparable philosophic concepts. These differences have deep and profound impact on the later development of Chinese and (...)
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  6. Keqian Xu (1997). The Unique Features of Hui Shi's Thought: A Comparative Study Between Hui Shi and Other Pre-Qin Philosophers. Journal of Chinese Philosophy 24 (2):231-253.score: 224.0
    Hui Shi (370-310B.C.E.?) is a unique one among the pre-Qin scholars. The object and orientation of his scholarship emphasized on “chasing after the materials” or the research for objective knowledge of natural things. He shows a tendency of tolerating and advocating diversity and variety, and intentionally pursuing new and unusual ideas. In certain degree he judges the value of knowledge by its truthfulness rather than its usefulness. As pointed out by Wing-tsit Chan, Hui shi represents a “tendency in ancient (...)
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  7. Qian Zhang (2009). The Boundaries of Beauty in Pre-Qin Confucian Aesthetics. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 4 (1):52-63.score: 224.0
    “Beauty” is a very important concept in Pre-Qin Confucian aesthetics. Pre-Qin Confucian aesthetics generally had two viewpoints when defining beauty: Negatively, by stressing that “beauty” in the aesthetic sense was not “good”; and positively, by stressing two factors: one, that beauty was related to “feeling” which was not an animal instinct, the other was that “beauty” was a special texture with a particular meaning. “Beauty” in Pre-Qin Confucian aesthetics may be defined as “texture (or form)” capable of (...)
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  8. Zhang Qian (2009). The Boundaries of Beauty in Pre-Qin Confucian Aesthetics. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 4 (1):52 - 63.score: 224.0
    "Beauty" is a very important concept in Pre-Qin Confucian aesthetics. Pre-Qin Confucian aesthetics generally had two viewpoints when defining beauty: Negatively, by stressing that "beauty" in the aesthetic sense was not "good"; and positively, by stressing two factors: one, that beauty was related to "feeling" which was not an animal instinct, the other was that "beauty" was a special texture with a particular meaning. "Beauty" in Pre-Qin Confucian aesthetics may be defined as "texture (or form)" capable of (...)
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  9. Lai Chen (2009). “ Ru ”: Xunzi's Thoughts on Ru and its Significance. [REVIEW] Frontiers of Philosophy in China 4 (2):157-179.score: 171.0
    No matter what the original meaning of “ Ru ” was, looking at it from the perspective of the history of philosophy, the image of “ Ru ” as portrayed by other schools in the Warring States period was infused with the characteristics of Confucianism of that time. The self-understanding of Warring States Confucians expressed by their employment of the character “ Ru ” clearly displayed Ru ’s character as well as the main points of the Ru school, namely (...)
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  10. Chen Lai & Yan Xin (2009). "Ru": Xunzi's Thoughts on Ru and Its Significance. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 4 (2):157 - 179.score: 171.0
    No Matter What the original meaning of "Ru" was, looking at it from the perspective of the history of philosophy, the image of "Ru" as portrayed by other schools in the Warring States period was infused with the characteristics of Confucianism of that time. The self-understanding of Warring States Confucians expressed by their employment of the character "Ru" clearly displayed Ru's character as well as the main points of the Ru school, namely Confucianism. In particular, the words and thoughts (...)
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  11. Keqian Xu (2006). 先秦儒家关于“欲”的理论 (Pre-Qin Confucian Theory on Human Desires). 中州学刊 (Academic Journal of Zhongzhou) 2006 (1):166-170.score: 168.0
    The theory about human desire is one important component in early Confucian theory of humanity. It is worth our attention that Pre-Qin Confucians never put human desire at the absolute opposite position to the Heavenly Principle, as their successors do. Contrarily, they generally believe that the desire is the inseparable property of normal human nature, and making efforts to satisfy the human desire is reasonable. Only in terms of reducing the conflicts between human desire and the limited resources they (...)
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  12. Tang Yijie, Brian Bruya & Hai-ming Wen (2003). Emotion in Pre-Qin Ruist Moral Theory: An Explanation of "Dao Begins in Qing". Philosophy East and West 53 (2):271-281.score: 168.0
    There is a view that Ruists never put much emphasis on qing and even saw it in a negative light. This is perhaps a misunderstanding, especially in regard to pre-Qin Ruism. In the Guodian Xing zi ming chu, the passage "dao begins in qing" (dao shi yu qing) plays an important role in our understanding of the pre-Qin notion of qing. This article concentrates on the "theory of qing" in both pre-Qin Ruism and Daoism and attempts a (...)
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  13. Yijie Tang, Brian Bruya & Haiming Wen (2003). Emotion in Pre-Qin Ruist Moral Theory: An Explanation of "Dao Begins in Qing". Philosophy East and West 53 (2):271-281.score: 168.0
    : There is a view that Ruists never put much emphasis on qing and even saw it in a negative light. This is perhaps a misunderstanding, especially in regard to pre-Qin Ruism. In the Guodian Xing zi ming chu, the passage "dao begins in qing" plays an important role in our understanding of the pre-Qin notion of qing. This article concentrates on the "theory of qing" in both pre-Qin Ruism and Daoism and attempts a philosophical interpretation of (...)
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  14. Wangeng Zheng (2010). Tracing the Source of the Idea of Time in Yizhuan. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 5 (1):51-67.score: 150.0
    By examining the propositions “waiting for the proper time to act”, “keeping up with the time”, “accommodating oneself to timeliness”, and “the meaning of a timely mean”, this paper examines the relationship between the idea of time conceived of in Yizhuan 易传 (Commentaries to the Book of Changes ), Zuozhuan 左传 (Annals of Spring and Autumn with Zuo Qiuming’s Commentaries) and Guoyu 国语 (Comments on State Affairs) as well as the related thoughts of Confucianism, Daoism and the (...)
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  15. Jinmei Yuan (2010). ZHAI, Jincheng 翟錦程, the Study of the Theories of Ming 名 (Name) in the Pre-Qin Period 先秦名家研究. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 9 (2):253-255.score: 140.0
  16. By Guo Yi & Martin Lu (2004). Guodian Bamboo Texts and Pre-Qin Intellectual Thoughts (Guo Dian Zhu Jian Yu Xian Qin Xue Shu Si Xiang)A. Journal of Chinese Philosophy 31 (2):297–301.score: 140.0
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  17. Xing Wen (2008). The "Feng," "Ya," and "Song" in Pre-Qin Poetry (Shi) Studies. Contemporary Chinese Thought 39 (4):61-69.score: 140.0
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  18. Xiufen Lu (2005). Images of Women in Chinese Thought and Culture: Writings From the Pre-Qin Period Through the Song Dynasty (Review). Philosophy East and West 55 (3):496-502.score: 140.0
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  19. Yijie Tang, Brian Bruya & Hai-Ming Wen (2003). Emotion in Pre-Qin Ruist Moral Theory: An Explanation of " Dao Begins in Qing &Quot. Philosophy East and West 53 (2):271-281.score: 140.0
    There is a view that Ruists never put much emphasis on qing and even saw it in a negative light. This is perhaps a misunderstanding, especially in regard to pre-Qin Ruism. In the Guodian Xing zi ming chu, the passage "dao begins in qing" plays an important role in our understanding of the pre-Qin notion of qing. This article concentrates on the "theory of qing" in both pre-Qin Ruism and Daoism and attempts a philosophical interpretation of "dao (...)
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  20. Weng Shaojun (1989). A Comparative Study of Natural Philosophy in Pre-Qin China and Ancient Greece. Contemporary Chinese Thought 21 (2):3-31.score: 140.0
    This essay reflects on the differences between Chinese and Western philosophy from the perspective of their respective views of nature, and explores the inner factors of these differences. By comparing the religious atmosphere present during the formative periods of the different natural philosophies [in ancient China and in ancient Greece], this essay will attempt to reveal the reasons behind the different characteristics displayed by ancient China and ancient Greece in the transition from a religious consciousness to a natural philosophy. Through (...)
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  21. Li Xueqin (2000). The Important Discovery of Pre-Qin Confucian Texts. Contemporary Chinese Thought 32 (1):58-62.score: 140.0
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  22. Siufu Tang (2012). Zha, Changguo 查昌國, A Study of the Pre-Qin Concepts of “Piety” and “Brotherhood”— And Enquiry of Han and Song Confucianism 先秦「孝」、「友」觀念研究─兼漢宋儒學探索. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 11 (4):541-544.score: 140.0
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  23. Liu Yuanyan (1988). "Lü's Spring and Autumn Annals" Is the Greatest Synthesizer of the Ideas of the Pre-Qin Schools of Philosophy. Contemporary Chinese Thought 20 (1):43-97.score: 140.0
    During the Warring States period a hundred schools of thought contended and there was much clashing of ideas among the many schools. Within this active intellectual battle, the ideas of the many schools continued to evolve and move apart from one another while at the same time some continued to be synthesized. The ideas of Xun Zi belonged to the Confucian school, in particular, to the Zi Gong branch of that school. He criticized all the schools of the (...), even including the better parts of Confucian thinking, but also absorbed from Daoism its naturalism and dialectical way of thought, and from the ideas of the Legalists some other elements, resulting in bringing to the Confucian concept of li new substances. Han Fei was Xun Zi's pupil and yet he was a Legalist. He inherited Xun Zi's primitive materialist concept of nature and openly made the connection between the ideas of Daoism and those of the Legalists. He brought together the ideas of law , technique , and position and thus became the grand synthesizer of Legalist ideas. He, like Xun Zi, refuted and criticized the opinions of many other schools. The characteristic and dominant trends in the intellectual circles of the time were precisely this—conflict and separation, on the one hand, and mutual penetration and synthesis, on the other. (shrink)
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  24. V. Herold & M. Mraz (1976). Dialectic of Ideal Sources and Social Function of Czech Philosophical Thought of Pre-Hussite Time. Filosoficky Casopis 24 (5):721-752.score: 140.0
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  25. Chaoyang Huang (2006). Zhongguo Gu Dai de Lei Bi: Xian Qin Zhu Zi Pi Lun = on Analogy in Ancient China: On Pi of Exponents of Different Schools of Thought in the Pre-Qin Period. She Hui Ke Xue Wen Xian Chu Ban She.score: 140.0
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  26. Qingping Liu (2000). Life: The True, the Good and the Beautiful: A Comparative Study of Greek and Pre-Qin Philosophies. Analecta Husserliana 67:323-338.score: 140.0
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  27. Limin Liu (2007). Zai Yu Yan Zhong Pan Xuan: Xian Qin Ming Jia "Gui Bian" Ming Ti de Chun Yu Yan Si Bian Li Xing Yan Jiu = Raising Questions in and of Language: A Study on Rationalistic Philosophy of Language of Pre-Qin School of Names. Sichuan da Xue Chu Ban She.score: 140.0
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  28. Sj Weng (1990). A Comparative-Study of Natural-Philosophy in Pre-Qin China and Ancient-Greece. Chinese Studies in Philosophy 21 (2):3-31.score: 140.0
     
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  29. Dan Zahavi (2003). Inner Time-Consciousness and Pre-Reflective Self-Awareness. In Donn Welton (ed.), The New Husserl: A Critical Reader. Bloomington: Indiana University Press 157--180.score: 126.0
    If one looks at the current discussion of self-awareness there seems to be a general agreement that whatever valuable philosophical contributions Husserl might have made, his account of self-awareness is not among them. This prevalent appraisal is often based on the claim that Husserl was too occupied with the problem of intentionality to ever really pay attention to the issue of self-awareness. Due to his interest in intentionality Husserl took object-consciousness as the paradigm of every kind of awareness and therefore (...)
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  30. Marcelo Zubaran Goldani, Marco Antonio Barbieri, Roberto Jorge Rona, Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva & Heloisa Bettiol (2004). Increasing Pre-Term and Low-Birth- Weight Rates Over Time and Their Impact on Infant Mortality in South-East Brazil. Journal of Biosocial Science 36 (2):177-188.score: 126.0
    This study investigates the possible effects of pre-term births and low birth weight on infant mortality rates (IMRs) over a 15-year period in Ribeirão Preto, Brazil, based on surveys carried out in 1978/79 and 1994. The 1978/79 survey included 6750 births over a 12-month period and the 1994 survey 2846 births over a 4-month period. Infant deaths were retrieved monthly from the city register. Infant mortality rate decreased from 36·6 to 16·9 deaths per 1000 over 15 years. The decrease in (...)
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  31. David Bohm (1986). Time, the Implicate Order and Pre-Space. In David Ray Griffin (ed.), Physics and the Ultimate Significance of Time. State University of New York Press 172--208.score: 126.0
     
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  32. Christina F. Lavallee & Michael A. Persinger (2010). A LORETA Study of Mental Time Travel: Similar and Distinct Electrophysiological Correlates of Re-Experiencing Past Events and Pre-Experiencing Future Events. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):1037-1044.score: 120.0
    Previous studies exploring mental time travel paradigms with functional neuroimaging techniques have uncovered both common and distinct neural correlates of re-experiencing past events or pre-experiencing future events. A gap in the mental time travel literature exists, as paradigms have not explored the affective component of re-experiencing past episodic events; this study explored this sparsely researched area. The present study employed standardized low resolution electromagnetic tomography to identify electrophysiological correlates of re-experience affect-laden and non-affective past events, as well as (...)
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  33. John Tull Baker (1935). Some Pre-Critical Developments of Kant's Theory of Space and Time. Philosophical Review 44 (3):267-282.score: 120.0
  34. Ralph B. Winn (1943). Our Pre-Copernican Notion of Time. Journal of Philosophy 40 (15):403-411.score: 120.0
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  35. Marcia L. Colish (1988). Donald J. Wilcox, The Measure of Times Past: Pre-Newtonian Chronologies and the Rhetoric of Relative Time. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1987. Pp. Ix, 292. $27.50. [REVIEW] Speculum 63 (4):1011-1015.score: 120.0
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  36. J. M. Wolfe, K. P. Yu, A. D. Pruszenski & K. R. Cave (1988). A Pre-Attentive Feature Process Can Execute Only One Command at a Time. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 26 (6):515-515.score: 120.0
     
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  37. Helena Knyazeva (2005). Figures of Time in Evolution of Complex Systems. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 36 (2):289 - 304.score: 84.0
    Owing to intensive development of the theory of self-organization of complex systems called also synergetics, profound changes in our notions of time occur. Whereas at the beginning of the 20th century, natural sciences, by picking up the general spirit of Einstein's theory of relativity, consider a geometrization as an ideal, i.e. try to represent time and force interactions through space and the changes of its properties, nowadays, at the beginning of the 21st century, time turns to be (...)
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  38. F. A. Mote & Eleanor R. Adair (1955). Dark Adaptation After Intermitent and Continuous Pre-Exposures of Equal Duration. Journal of Experimental Psychology 49 (3):215.score: 78.0
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  39. James Mensch (2010). Husserl's Account of Our Consciousness of Time. Marquette University Press.score: 70.0
    Having asked, “What, then, is time?” Augustine admitted, “I know well enough what it is, provided that nobody asks me; but if I am asked what it is and try to explain, I am baffled.” We all have a sense of time, but the description and explanation of it remain remarkably elusive. Through a series of detailed descriptions, Husserl attempted to clarify this sense of time. In my book, I trace the development of his account of our (...)
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  40. Abner Shimony (2005). An Analysis of Ensembles That Are Both Pre- and Post-Selected. Foundations of Physics 35 (2):215-232.score: 66.0
    The idea of ensembles which are both pre- and post-selected was introduced by Aharonov, Bergmann, and Lebowitz and developed by Aharonov and his school. To derive formulae for the probabilities of outcomes of a measurement performed on such an ensemble at a time intermediate between pre-selection and post-selection, the latter group introduces a two-vector formulation of quantum mechanics, one vector propagating in the forward direction in time and one in the backward direction. The formulae which they obtain by (...)
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  41. Kirsten Hansen & Klemens Kappel (2012). Pre-Trial Beliefs in Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Whose Pre-Trial Belief Should Be Considered? Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 15 (1):15-21.score: 66.0
    Subjective probabilities play a significant role in the assessment of evidence: in other words, our background knowledge, or pre-trial beliefs, cannot be set aside when new evidence is being evaluated. Focusing on homeopathy, this paper investigates the nature of pre-trial beliefs in clinical trials. It asks whether pre-trial beliefs of the sort normally held only by those who are sympathetic to homeopathy can legitimately be disregarded in those trials. The paper addresses several surprisingly unsuccessful attempts to provide a satisfactory justification (...)
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  42. [deleted]Lucas Spierer Camille F. Chavan, Aurelie L. Manuel, Michael Mouthon (2013). Spontaneous Pre-Stimulus Fluctuations in the Activity of Right Fronto-Parietal Areas Influence Inhibitory Control Performance. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 66.0
    Inhibitory control refers to the ability to suppress planned or ongoing cognitive or motor processes. Electrophysiological indices of inhibitory control failure have been found to manifest even before the presentation of the stimuli triggering the inhibition, suggesting that pre-stimulus brain-states modulate inhibition performance. However, previous electrophysiological investigations on the state-dependency of inhibitory control were based on averaged event-related potentials, a method eliminating the variability in the ongoing brain activity not time-locked to the event of interest. These studies thus left (...)
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  43. Birutė Pranevičienė & Kristina Mikalauskaitė-Šostakienė (2011). Problems of Pre-Trial Investigation of Legal Disputes in the Territorial Planning. Jurisprudence 18 (3):963-977.score: 66.0
    The process of territorial planning is complicated, because there are different and even opposite interest of persons related with particular territory. Administrative legal regulation of territorial planning in Lithuania underlies emergence of a legal conflict, namely the administrative litigation. Investigation of the administrative dispute applying the pre-litigation procedure allows the parties thereof to save both money and time. This article presents the problematic aspects of the pre-trial investigation of the administrative disputes arising in the area of territorial planning. The (...)
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  44. M. C. Land (1998). The Classical Coulomb Problem in Pre-Maxwell Electrodynamics. Foundations of Physics 28 (9):1489-1497.score: 58.0
    We explore certain difficulties in the covariant classical mechanics associated with off-shell electrodynamics, through an examination of the classical Coulomb problem. We present a straightforward solution of the classical equations of motion for a test event traversing the field induced by a “fixed” event (an event moving uniformly along the time axis at a fixed point in space). This solution reveals the essential difficulties in the formalism at the classical level. We then offer a new model of the particle, (...)
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  45. Keqian Xu (2009). Xun Zi: The Ideal of A Well Governed Society(荀子:治世的理想). Shanghai Classic Books Publishing(上海古籍出版社).score: 56.0
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  46. W. David Sharp & Niall Shanks (1993). The Rise and Fall of Time-Symmetrized Quantum Mechanics. Philosophy of Science 60 (3):488-499.score: 54.0
    In the context of a discussion of time symmetry in the quantum mechanical measurement process, Aharonov et al. (1964) derived an expression concerning probabilities for the outcomes of measurements conducted on systems which have been pre- and postselected on the basis of both preceding and succeeding measurements. Recent literature has claimed that a resulting "time-symmetrized" interpretation of quantum mechanics has significant implications for some basic issues, such as contextuality and determinateness, in elementary, nonrelativistic quantum mechanics. Bub and Brown (...)
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  47. László E. Szabó, Does Special Relativity Theory Tell Us Anything New About Space and Time?score: 54.0
    It will be shown that, in comparison with the pre-relativistic Galileo-invariant conceptions, special relativity tells us nothing new about the geometry of spacetime. It simply calls something else "spacetime", and this something else has different properties. All statements of special relativity about those features of reality that correspond to the original meaning of the terms "space" and "time" are identical with the corresponding traditional pre-relativistic statements. It will be also argued that special relativity and Lorentz theory are completely identical (...)
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  48. Heather E. Canary & Marianne M. Jennings (2008). Principles and Influence in Codes of Ethics: A Centering Resonance Analysis Comparing Pre- and Post-Sarbanes-Oxley Codes of Ethics. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 80 (2):263 - 278.score: 54.0
    This study examines the similarities and differences in pre- and post-Sarbanes-Oxley corporate ethics codes and codes of conduct using the framework of structuration theory. Following the passage of the Sarbanes-Oxley (SOX) legislation in 2002 in the United States, publicly traded companies there undertook development and revision of their codes of ethics in response to new regulatory requirements as well as incentives under the U.S. Corporate Sentencing Guidelines, which were also revised as part of the SOX mandates. Questions that remain are (...)
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  49. M. N. Macrossan (1986). A Note on Relativity Before Einstein. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 37 (2):232-234.score: 54.0
    A [1983] review, 'Relativity before Einstein' made no mention of the work of Joseph Larmor, whose early derivation of the Lorentz transformation seems to be less well known than those of Lorentz and Poincare. In 1897, Larmor, starting from a first-order transformation similar to Lorentz's first order version, presented the correct form of what is now known as the Lorentz transformation. In his presentation of the theory in 1900 Larmor saw the time dilation effect as a consequence of Maxwell's (...)
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  50. Dr H. Stefan Bracha (2006). Human Brain Evolution and the "Neuroevolutionary Time-Depth Principle:" Implications for the Reclassification of Fear-Circuitry-Related Traits in Dsm-V and for Studying Resilience to Warzone-Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Philosophical Explorations.score: 54.0
    The DSM-III, DSM-IV, DSM-IV-TR and ICD-10 have judiciously minimized discussion of etiologies to distance clinical psychiatry from Freudian psychoanalysis. With this goal mostly achieved, discussion of etiological factors should be reintroduced into the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-V). A research agenda for the DSM-V advocated the "development of a pathophysiologically based classification system". The author critically reviews the neuroevolutionary literature on stress-induced and fear circuitry disorders and related amygdala-driven, species-atypical fear behaviors of clinical severity in (...)
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