Search results for 'Presuppositions' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Sort by:
  1. Michael Blome-Tillmann (2012). Presuppositional Epistemic Contextualism and the Problem of Known Presuppositions. In Jessica Brown & Mikkel Gerken (eds.), New Essays on Knowledge Ascriptions. OUP. 104-119.score: 24.0
    In this chapter, I produce counterexamples to Presuppositional Epistemic Contextualism (PEC), a view about the semantics of ‘knowledge’-ascriptions that I have argued for elsewhere. According to PEC, the semantic content of the predicate ‘know’ at a context C is partly determined by the speakers’ pragmatic presuppositions at C. The problem for the view that I shall be concerned with here arises from the fact that pragmatic presuppositions are sometimes known to be true by the speakers who make them: (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Michael Blome-Tillmann (forthcoming). Ignorance, Presuppositions, and the Simple View. Mind.score: 24.0
    Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa has presented a series of examples that are meant to spell trouble for Presuppositional Epistemic Contextualism (PEC). In this article I shall aim to establish two things. First, I shall argue that even if Ichikawa’s examples were viable counterexamples to PEC, they would not threaten the key ideas underlying the account in Knowledge and Presuppositions. The philosophically interesting work that is done in that article remains unaffected by Ichikawa’s alleged counterexamples. In the second part of the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Slavko Brkic (2004). Presuppositions, Logic, and Dynamics of Belief. Prolegomena 3 (2):151-177.score: 24.0
    In researching presuppositions dealing with logic and dynamic of belief we distinguish two related parts. The first part refers to presuppositions and logic, which is not necessarily involved with intentional operators. We are primarily concerned with classical, free and presuppositonal logic. Here, we practice a well known Strawson’s approach to the problem of presupposition in relation to classical logic. Further on in this work, free logic is used, especially Van Fraassen’s research of the role of presupposition in supervaluations (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Márta Abrusán (2011). Predicting the Presuppositions of Soft Triggers. Linguistics and Philosophy 34 (6):491-535.score: 24.0
    The central idea behind this paper is that presuppositions of soft triggers arise from the way our attention structures the informational content of a sentence. Some aspects of the information conveyed are such that we pay attention to them by default, even in the absence of contextual information. On the other hand, contextual cues or conversational goals can divert attention to types of information that we would not pay attention to by default. Either way, whatever we do not pay (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Jennifer Spenader (2003). Factive Presuppositions, Accommodation and Information Structure. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 12 (3):351-368.score: 22.0
    There are three ways to refer to a fact from the complement of afactive verb: (1) Via abstract object anaphoric reference, or, witha full sentential complement that will be interpreted either (2) asa bound presupposition or (3) as triggering a presupposition of afact that will have to be accommodated. Spoken corpus examplesreveal that these three possibilities differ in relation to thetype of information they tend to contribute, and this has twoeffects. First, the information status of the fact and its role (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Richard J. Harris (1974). Memory for Presuppositions and Implications: A Case Study of 12 Verbs of Motion and Inception-Termination. Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (3):594.score: 21.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Emar Maier (2009). Proper Names and Indexicals Trigger Rigid Presuppositions. Journal of Semantics 26 (3):253-315.score: 20.0
    I provide a novel semantic analysis of proper names and indexicals, combining insights from the competing traditions of referentialism, championed by Kripke and Kaplan, and descriptivism, introduced by Frege and Russell, and more recently resurrected by Geurts and Elbourne, among others. From the referentialist tradition, I borrow the proof that names and indexicals are not synonymous to any definite description but pick their referent from the context directly. From the descriptivist tradition, I take the observation that names, and to some (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Emmanuel Chemla (2009). Presuppositions of Quantified Sentences: Experimental Data. [REVIEW] Natural Language Semantics 17 (4):299-340.score: 20.0
    Some theories assume that sentences like (i) with a presupposition trigger in the scope of a quantifier carry an existential presupposition, as in (ii); others assume that they carry a universal presupposition, as in (iii). No student knows that he is lucky. Existential presupposition: At least one student is lucky.Universal presupposition: Every student is lucky. This work is an experimental investigation of this issue in French. Native speakers were recruited to evaluate the robustness of the inference from (i) to (iii). (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. Stefan Höfler (2014). Between Conciseness and Transparency: Presuppositions in Legislative Texts. International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 27 (4):627-644.score: 20.0
    Presupposition is the semantic-pragmatic phenomenon whereby a statement contains an implicit precondition that must be taken for granted (presupposed) for that statement to be felicitous. This article discusses the role of presupposition in legislative texts, using examples from Swiss constitutional and administrative law. It illustrates (a) how presuppositions are triggered in these texts and (b) what functions they come to serve, placing special emphasis on their constitutive power. It also demonstrates (c) how legislative drafters can distinguish between “good” (...) and “bad” presuppositions by weighing their main advantage, conciseness, against their main flaw, reduced transparency. The present study argues that, if employed carefully, presuppositions can be a useful stylistic means to keep legislative texts free from unnecessary clutter that merely elaborates on the obvious; however, it also suggests that, if applied wrongly, presuppositions can camouflage the duties and obligations placed on the subjects of a law and thus impede its accessibility and its efficient and effective implementation. (shrink)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Nicholas Maxwell (2005). A Mug's Game? Solving the Problem of Induction with Metaphysical Presuppositions. In John Earman & John Norton (eds.), PhilSci Archive.score: 18.0
    A Mug's Game? Solving the Problem of Induction with Metaphysical Presuppositions Nicholas Maxwell Emeritus Reader in Philosophy of Science at University College London Email: nicholas.maxwell@ucl.ac.uk Website: www.ucl.ac.uk/from-knowledge-to-wisdom . Abstract This paper argues that a view of science, expounded and defended elsewhere, solves the problem of induction. The view holds that we need to see science as accepting a hierarchy of metaphysical theses concerning the comprehensibility and knowability of the universe, these theses asserting less and less as we go up (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Barbara Abbott (2008). Presuppositions and Common Ground. Linguistics and Philosophy 31 (5):523-538.score: 18.0
    This paper presents problems for Stalnaker’s common ground theory of presupposition. Stalnaker (Linguist and Philos 25:701–721, 2002) proposes a 2-stage process of utterance interpretation: presupposed content is added to the common ground prior to acceptance/rejection of the utterance as a whole. But this revision makes presupposition difficult to distinguish from assertion. A more fundamental problem is that the common ground theory rests on a faulty theory of assertion—that the essence of assertion is to present the content of an utterance as (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Owen Anderson (2008). The Presuppositions of Religious Pluralism and the Need for Natural Theology. Sophia 47 (2):201-222.score: 18.0
    In ‘The Presuppositions of Religious Pluralism and the Need for Natural Theology’ I argue that there are four important presuppositions behind John Hick’s form of religious pluralism that successfully support it against what I call fideistic exclusivism. These are i) the ought/can principle, ii) the universality of religious experience, iii) the universality of redemptive change, and iv) a view of how God (the Eternal) would do things. I then argue that if these are more fully developed they support (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Friederike Moltmann (2006). Presuppositions and Quantifier Domains. Synthese 149 (1):179 - 224.score: 18.0
    In this paper, I will argue for a new account of presuppositions which is based on double indexing as well as minimal representational contexts providing antecedent material for anaphoric presuppositions, rather than notions of context defined in terms of the interlocutors’ pragmatic presuppositions or the information accumulated from the preceding discourse. This account applies in particular to new phenomena concerning the presupposition of quantifier domains. But it is also intended to be an account of presuppositions in (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Medhat Khattar (2011). Toleration, Civility, and Absolute Presuppositions. Collingwood and British Idealism Studies 16 (1-2):113-135.score: 18.0
    This article argues that toleration understood as the principled restraint from the use of force is an instance of RG. Collingwood's 'ideal of civility' towards which liberalism as the process of civilisation aspires. In the first part of this article, Toleration as Civility, I draw on Collingwood's philosophy to provide an account of toleration as an instance of civility embodying self-respect, historical consciousness, and complete freedom of the will. Accordingly, the limits of toleration are conceived as necessarily informed by the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Mikkel Gerken (2012). Univocal Reasoning and Inferential Presuppositions. Erkenntnis 76 (3):373-394.score: 18.0
    I pursue an answer to the psychological question “what is it for S to presuppose that p?” I will not attempt a general answer. Rather, I will explore a particular kind of presuppositions that are constituted by the mental act of reasoning: Inferential presuppositions. Indeed, I will consider a specific kind of inferential presuppositions—one that is constituted by a specific reasoning competence: The univocality competence. Roughly, this is the competence that reliably governs the univocal thought-components’ operation as (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Kjell Johan Saeboe (1996). Anaphoric Presuppositions and Zero Anaphora. Linguistics and Philosophy 19 (2):187 - 209.score: 18.0
    The purpose of this paper is to use an anaphoric notion of presupposition for solving the problem of zero argument anaphora. Since Shopen (1973) it has been known that many missing arguments have an anaphoric interpretation, but it has not been known how this interpretation arises. I argue that these arguments are involved in presuppositions. On an anaphoric account of presuppositions as in van der Sandt (1992) or Kamp and Roßdeutscher (1992), it can be shown that the zero (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Philippe Schlenker, Expressive Presuppositions.score: 18.0
    Potts (2005, 2007) has argued that expressives such as honky must be analyzed using an entirely new dimension of meaning. We explore a more conservative theory in which expressives are presuppositional expressions [Macià 2002] that are indexical and attitudinal (and sometimes shiftable): they predicate something of the mental state of the agent of the context (and this need not always be the agent of the actual context). Following Stalnaker’s recent work on informative presuppositions (2002), we argue that the (...) triggered by expressives are automatically satisfied (= ’self-fulfilling’), hence the impression that they are not standard presupposition triggers. (shrink)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Barbara Abbott, Where Have Some of the Presuppositions Gone?score: 18.0
    Some presuppositions seem to be weaker than others in the sense that they can be more easily neutralized in some contexts. For example some factive verbs, most notably epistemic factives like know, be aware, and discover, are known to shed their factivity fairly easily in contexts such as are found in (1). (1) a. …if anyone discovers that the method is also wombat-proof, I’d really like to know! b. Mrs. London is not aware that there have ever been signs (...)
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Brian Leahy, Presuppositions and Antipresuppositions in Conditionals.score: 18.0
    Abstract Utterances of counterfactual conditionals are typically attended by the information that their antecedents are false. But there is as yet no account of the source of this information that is both detailed and complete. This paper describes the problem of counterfactual antecedent falsity and argues that the problem can be addressed by appeal to an adequate account of the presuppositions of various competing conditional constructions. It argues that indicative conditionals presuppose that their antecedents are epistemically possible, while subjunctive (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Christine Dinkins (2012). Caitlin Smith Gilson, The Metaphysical Presuppositions of Being-in-the-World: A Confrontation Between St. Thomas Aquinas and Martin Heidegger. [REVIEW] International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 71 (2):157-161.score: 18.0
    Caitlin Smith Gilson, The metaphysical presuppositions of being-in-the-World: a confrontation between St. Thomas Aquinas and Martin Heidegger Content Type Journal Article Pages 157-161 DOI 10.1007/s11153-010-9263-4 Authors Christine Sorrell Dinkins, Department of Philosophy, Wofford College, 429 N. Church St., Spartanburg, SC 29303, USA Journal International Journal for Philosophy of Religion Online ISSN 1572-8684 Print ISSN 0020-7047 Journal Volume Volume 71 Journal Issue Volume 71, Number 2.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Bart Geurts (1998). Presuppositions and Anaphors in Attitude Contexts. Linguistics and Philosophy 21 (6):545-601.score: 18.0
    This paper consists of two main parts and a coda. In the first part I present the ''binding theory'' of presupposition projection, which is the framework that I adopt in this paper (Section 1.1). I outline the main problems that arise in the interplay between presuppositions and anaphors on the one hand and attitude reports on the other (Section 1.2), and discuss Heim''s theory of presuppositions in attitude contexts (Section 1.3).In the second part of the paper I present (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Mandy Simons, On the Conversational Basis of Some Presuppositions.score: 18.0
    The current literature on presupposition focuses almost exclusively on the projection problem: the question of how and why the presuppositions of atomic clauses are projected to complex sentences which embed them. Very little attention has been paid to the question of how and why these presuppositions arise at all. As Kay (1992, p.335) observes, “treatments of the presupposition inheritance problem almost never deal with the reasons that individual words and constructions give rise, in the first place, to the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. James A. Marcum (2005). Metaphysical Presuppositions and Scientific Practices: Reductionism and Organicism in Cancer Research. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 19 (1):31 – 45.score: 18.0
    Metaphysical presuppositions are important for guiding scientific practices and research. The success of twentieth-century biology, for instance, is largely attributable to presupposing that complex biological processes are reducible to elementary components. However, some biologists have challenged the sufficiency of reductionism for investigating complex biological phenomena and have proposed alternative presuppositions like organicism. In this article, contemporary cancer research is used as a case study to explore the importance of metaphysical presuppositions for guiding research. The predominant paradigm directing (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Robert E. Mercer (1992). Default Logic: Towards a Common Logical Semantics for Presuppositions and Entailments. Journal of Semantics 9 (3):223-250.score: 18.0
    Presuppositions and entailments play an important role in determining the meaning of a natural language utterance. Considered as inferences, presuppositions and entailments can be derived from appropriate logical representations of the uttered sentence, the background real world knowledge, and knowledge concerning conversational principles. Presuppositions are conjectural or defeasible in nature, and entailments are deductive. In this paper we describe the application of Default Logic proof theory (which includes First Order Logic proof theory) to the generation of (...) and entailments. Classical logic, which can generate the entailments, is enhanced with default rules which capture the linguistic knowledge required to produce the presuppositions. The similarities and differences between presuppositions and entailments when considered as inferences are discussed. We also show that the Default Logic paradigm, in addition to generating the appropriate presuppositions and entailments, has explanatory power. (shrink)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Teresa Marques & Manuel García-Carpintero (2014). Disagreement About Taste: Commonality Presuppositions and Coordination. Australasian Journal of Philosophy:1-25.score: 18.0
    The paper confronts the disagreement argument for relativism about matters of taste, defending a specific form of contextualism. It is first considered whether the disagreement data might manifest an inviariantist attitude speakers pre-reflectively have. Semantic and ontological enlightenment should then make the impressions of disagreement vanish, or at least leave them as lingering ineffectual Müller-Lyer-like illusions; but it is granted to relativists that this does not fully happen. López de Sa’s appeal to presuppositions of commonality and Sundell’s appeal to (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. E. Chemla (2007). An Epistemic Step for Anti-Presuppositions. Journal of Semantics 25 (2):141-173.score: 18.0
    Sentence (1) strongly suggests that the speaker does not have a sister:(1)John believes that I have a sister.a.Alternative:John knows that I have a sister.b.Actual inference:The speaker does not have a sister.c.Predicted inference:It is not common belief that the speaker has a sister.According to Heim (1991), Percus (2006), and Sauerland (2006), this inference should follow from the comparison of (1) to (1a). However, such an analysis would only predict a very weak implicature: it is not common belief that the speaker has (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Nina Bonderup Dohn (2011). On the Epistemological Presuppositions of Reflective Activities. Educational Theory 61 (6):671-708.score: 18.0
    Reflection is an ambiguous buzzword in contemporary educational and professional settings. Work has been done to clarify the concept theoretically, but a gap remains between such clarifications and actual reflective activities in educational and work-related practices. Reflective activities embody epistemological presuppositions about the nature of competence, knowledge, and learning, and about the relation between thinking, communicating, and acting. In this article, Nina Bonderup Dohn identifies the epistemological presuppositions of two paradigm cases of reflection (“solitaire reflection” and “communicative reflection”) (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Elizabeth A. Behnke (2011). Critique of Presuppositions, Apperceptive Traditionality, and the Body as a Medium for Movement. Studia Phaenomenologica 11 (1):77-98.score: 18.0
    This paper 1) examines Husserl’s critique of presuppositions, a critique that realizes a desideratum of the Western philosophical tradition precisely by clarifying and grounding the latter’s own tacit presuppositions; 2) surveys Husserl’s descriptions of the apperceptions whose operative efficacy make tradition itself effective, holding good at both the individual and the generative levels; 3) identifies the need for a further critique of the psychophysical apperception in particular; and 4) offers a phenomenologically grounded alternative to the latter way of (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Manfred Kerber & Michael Kohlhase (2012). Reasoning Without Believing: On the Mechanisation of Presuppositions and Partiality. Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 22 (4):295 - 317.score: 18.0
    (2012). Reasoning without believing: on the mechanisation of presuppositions and partiality. Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics: Vol. 22, No. 4, pp. 295-317. doi: 10.1080/11663081.2012.705962.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. David Ardagh (2012). Presuppositions of Collective Moral Agency. Philosophy of Management 11 (2):5-28.score: 18.0
    This is the second of three papers with the overall title: “A Quasi-Personal Alternative to Some Anglo-American Pluralist Models of Organisations: Towards an Analysis of Corporate Self-Governance for Virtuous Organisations”.1 In the first paper, entitled: “Organisations as quasi-personal entities: from ‘governing’ of the self to organisational ‘self ’-governance: a Neo-Aristotelian quasi-personal model of organisations”, the artificial corporate analogue of a natural person sketched there, was said to have quasi-directive, quasi-operational and quasi-enabling/resource-provision capacities. Its use of these capacities following joint deliberation (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. John Frederic Post (1965). A Defense of Collingwood's Theory of Presuppositions. Inquiry 8 (1-4):332 – 354.score: 18.0
    Collingwood's theory of presuppositions has never been taken very seriously. But critics have completely overlooked its significance as a theory or model of inquiry intimately tied to certain aspects of discourse in a context of investigation. Viewed this way, Collingwood's theory is on very strong ground, especially when it is reconstructed with the aid of a formal language. The reconstruction shows what is essential to the theory and what is not, allowing us to disregard those of Collingwood's extravagant claims (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Allan Ramsay (1992). Presuppositions and WH-Clauses. Journal of Semantics 9 (3):251-286.score: 18.0
    We develop a formal framework for discussing presuppositions, based on the notion that meaning should be seen as a relation between information states. We then provide treatments of some specific presuppositional constructions within this framework in an attempt to show that these constructions can be described using rather simpler syntactic rules than are usually employed.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. Roger Schwarzschild (1993). Plurals, Presuppositions and the Sources of Distributivity. Natural Language Semantics 2 (3):201-248.score: 18.0
    This paper begins with a discussion ofcumulativity (e.g., ‘P(a) & P(b) implies P(a+b)’), formalized using a verb phrase operator. Next, the meanings of distributivity markers such aseach and non-distributivity indicators such astogether are considered. An existing analysis ofeach in terms of quantification over parts of a plurality is adopted. However,together is problematic, for it involves a cancellation or negation of the quantification associated witheach. (The four boys together owned exactly three cars could not be true if each of the boys (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. Kok Leong Choo (2008). Presumptions and Presuppositions in Management Education. Philosophy of Management 6 (2):117-130.score: 18.0
    This paper sets out and examines the presuppositions and presumptions of management educators. It is based on an empirical study of 25 management educators from three UK Business Schools who are responsible for management education and development. The aim of the study is not to generalise thefindings but to adopt an interpretive methodology to identify and question the hidden and unexamined presuppositions and presumptions of management educators that underlie management programme development and design. The author finds the (...) and presumptions problematic, inaccurate and uncritical, and they are responsible for producing and re-producing the practices of management for contemporary organisations and wider society. The author articulates these concerns in a philosophical manner in order to raise questions and challenge the embedded fads and wisdom. This paper concludes by inviting management educators to rethink management education and development and examine their own presuppositions and presumptions underpinning programme development and design. (shrink)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Joseph Agassi (1982). Presuppositions for Logic. The Monist 65 (4):465-480.score: 18.0
    Positivists identify science and certainty and in the name of the utter rationality of science deny that it rests on speculative presuppositions. The Logical Positivists took a step further and tried to show such presuppositions really no presuppositions at all but rather poorly worded sentences. Rules of sentence formation, however, rest on the presuppositions about the nature of language. This makes us unable to determine the status of mathematics, which is these days particularly irksome since this (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Michela Ippolito (2003). Presuppositions and Implicatures in Counterfactuals. Natural Language Semantics 11 (2):145-186.score: 18.0
    In this article, I propose a semantic account of temporally mismatched past subjunctive counterfactuals. The proposal consists of the following parts. First, I show that in cases of temporal mismatch, [past] cannot be interpreted inside the proposition where it occurs at surface structure. Instead, it must be interpreted as constraining the time argument of the accessibility relation. This has the effect of shifting the time of the evaluation of the conditional to some contextually salient past time. Second, I will propose (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. R. van Rooij (2007). Strengthening Conditional Presuppositions. Journal of Semantics 24 (3):289-304.score: 18.0
    In this paper it will be shown how conditional presuppositions can be strengthened to unconditional ones if we assume that the antecedent and consequent of a conditional presupposition are independent of one another. Our notion of independence is very weak, and based on Lewis' (1988) notion of orthogonality of questions. It will be argued that our way of strengthening these presuppositions does not give rise to some wrong predictions Geurts (1996) argued other proposed strengthening accounts do.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. Bart Geurts (1999). Presuppositions and Pronouns. Elsevier.score: 18.0
    In this volume, Geurts takes discourse representation theory (DRT), and turns it into a unified account of anaphora and presupposition, which he applies not only to the standard problem cases but also to the interpretation of modal expressions, attitude reports, and proper names. The resulting theory, for all its simplicity, is without doubt the most comprehensive of its kind to date. The central idea underlying Geurts' 'binding theory' of presupposition is that anaphora is just a special case of presupposition projection. (...)
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. Emar Maier (2007). Proper Names as Rigid Presuppositions. In Estella Puig-Waldmüller (ed.), Proceedings of Sinn Und Bedeutung 11. 418-32.score: 18.0
    Since Kripke introduced rigid designation as an alternative to the Frege/Russell analysis of referential terms as definite descriptions, there has been an ongoing debate between 'descriptivists' and 'referentialists', mostly focusing on the semantics of proper names. Nowadays descriptivists can draw on a much richer set of linguistic data (including bound and accommodated proper names in discourse) as well as new semantic machinery (E-type syntax/semantics, DRT, presupposition-as-anaphora) to strengthen their case. After reviewing the current state of the debate, I argue for (...)
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Johannes Michael Schnarrer (2010). Dialogue and Love as Presuppositions of Learning in a Multicultural World. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 4 (12):56-67.score: 18.0
    In this paper I will deal with some aspects of dialogue, love and multiculturalism. In the first and the second aspect I see very much important presuppositions of a multiculturalism enriching each other. If the person is not able to communicate, to love and define what goals she/he would want to achieve, the person will be not able to enrich the multicultural world! Therefore, I am pressing on the conditions and kinds of dialogue, of the art of love, and (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Dan López de Sa (2008). Presuppositions of Commonality. In Manuel Garcia-Carpintero & Max Kölbel (eds.), Relativising Utterance Truth. Oxford University Press. 297-310.score: 17.0
    According to relativism, these appearances of faultless disagreement are to be endorsed. According to moderate relativism, this can be done within the general Kaplan-Lewis-Stalnaker two-dimensional framework, in which the basic semantic notion is that of a sentence s being true at a context c at the index i: it may in effect be the case that s is true at c (at its index ic) but false at c∗ (at ic∗). According to indexical (moderate) relativism, this is so in virtue (...)
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. Deirdre Wilson (1975). Presuppositions and Non-Truth-Conditional Semantics. Academic Press.score: 17.0
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. P. Schlenker (2010). Presuppositions and Local Contexts. Mind 119 (474):377-391.score: 16.0
    In the last thirty years, the problem of presupposition projection has been taken to provide a decisive argument for a dynamic approach to meaning, one in which expressions are not evaluated with respect to the ‘global’ context of utterance, but rather with respect to a ‘local context’ obtained by updating the global one with expressions that occur earlier in the sentence. The computation of local contexts is taken by dynamic analyses to follow from a generalization of the notion of belief (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. Daniel Rothschild (2007). Presuppositions and Scope. Journal of Philosophy 104 (2):71-106.score: 16.0
    This paper discusses the apparent scope ambiguities between definite descriptions and modal operators. I argue that we need the theory of presupposition to explain why these ambiguities are not always present, and that once that theory is in hand, Kripke’s modal argument loses much of its force.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. M. Abrusan (2013). A Note on Quasi-Presuppositions and Focus. Journal of Semantics 30 (2):257-265.score: 16.0
    This squib argues that so-called quasi-presupposition effects of adverbial modification are due to the fact that the modifier is focused.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. Peter Lasersohn (1993). Existence Presuppositions and Background Knowledge. Journal of Semantics 10 (2):113-122.score: 16.0
    Argues that the intuition of a truth value gap in cases of presupposition failure depends on the discourse information state, and in particular whether sufficient information is in the common ground to preclude the truth of the sentence on independent grounds; formalizes this analysis in a semantics using data lattices.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. Walter Kasper (1992). Presuppositions, Composition, and Simple Subjunctives. Journal of Semantics 9 (4):307-331.score: 16.0
    The traditional view on simple sentences in subjunctive mood regards them as a kind of counterfactual conditional with a missing antecedent. This paper discusses the nature of these unexpressed antecedents by relating such sentences to corresponding sentences in indicative mood and full counterfactual conditionals. Usually it is assumed that context is the main source for retrieving these unexpressed conditions. It is shown here that they can also be considered as presupposition-like entities induced by the semantic content of the simple subjunctive (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. K. J. Saebo (2004). Conversational Contrast and Conventional Parallel: Topic Implicatures and Additive Presuppositions. Journal of Semantics 21 (2):199-217.score: 16.0
    Additive particles or adverbs like too or again are sometimes obligatory. This does not follow from the meaning commonly ascribed to them. I argue that the text without the additive is incoherent because the context contradicts a contrast implicature stemming from the additive's associate, and that the text with the additive is coherent because the presupposed alternative is added to the associate, so that the implicature does not concern that alternative. I show that this analysis is better than the account (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. Robert Stalnaker (1973). Presuppositions. Journal of Philosophical Logic 2 (4):447 - 457.score: 15.0
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. Michael Blome-Tillmann (2009). Knowledge and Presuppositions. Mind 118 (470):241 - 294.score: 15.0
    The paper explicates a new way to model the context-sensitivity of 'knows', namely a way that suggests a close connection between the content of 'knows' in a context C and what is pragmatically presupposed in C. After explicating my new approach in the first half of the paper and arguing that it is explanatorily superior to standard accounts of epistemic contextualism, the paper points, in its second half, to some interesting new features of the emerging account, such as its compatibility (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 1000