Search results for 'Primates (Nonhuman)' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  35
    David Wendler (2014). Should Protections for Research with Humans Who Cannot Consent Apply to Research with Nonhuman Primates? Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 35 (2):157-173.
    Research studies and interventions sometimes offer potential benefits to subjects that compensate for the risks they face. Other studies and interventions, which I refer to as “nonbeneficial” research, do not offer subjects a compensating potential for benefit. These studies and interventions have the potential to exploit subjects for the benefit of others, a concern that is especially acute when investigators enroll individuals who are unable to give informed consent. US regulations for research with human subjects attempt to address this concern (...)
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  2.  34
    Hope Ferdowsian & Agustín Fuentes (2014). Harms and Deprivation of Benefits for Nonhuman Primates in Research. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 35 (2):143-156.
    The risks of harm to nonhuman primates, and the absence of benefits for them, are critically important to decisions about nonhuman primate research. Current guidelines for review and practice tend to be permissive for nonhuman primate research as long as minimal welfare requirements are fulfilled and human medical advances are anticipated. This situation is substantially different from human research, in which risks of harms to the individual subject are typically reduced to the extent feasible. A risk threshold is needed (...)
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  3.  5
    Dario Maestripieri (1995). Maternal Encouragement in Nonhuman Primates and the Question of Animal Teaching. Human Nature 6 (4):361-378.
    Most putative cases of teaching in nonhuman animals involve parent-offspring interactions. The interpretation of these cases, particularly with regard to the cognitive processes involved, is controversial. Qualitative and quantitative observations made in nonhuman primates suggest that, in some species, mothers encourage their infants’ independent locomotion and that encouragement can be considered a form of instruction. In macaques, experience in raising previous offspring accounts in part for variability between mothers in propensity to encourage infant motor skills. Parsimony suggests that the (...)
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  4.  91
    C. M. Heyes (1998). Theory of Mind in Nonhuman Primates. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (1):101-114.
    Since the BBS article in which Premack and Woodruff (1978) asked “Does the chimpanzee have a theory of mind?,” it has been repeatedly claimed that there is observational and experimental evidence that apes have mental state concepts, such as “want” and “know.” Unlike research on the development of theory of mind in childhood, however, no substantial progress has been made through this work with nonhuman primates. A survey of empirical studies of imitation, self-recognition, social relationships, deception, role-taking, and perspective-taking (...)
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  5.  85
    Robert W. Lurz & Carla Krachun (2011). How Could We Know Whether Nonhuman Primates Understand Others' Internal Goals and Intentions? Solving Povinelli's Problem. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 2 (3):449-481.
    A persistent methodological problem in primate social cognition research has been how to determine experimentally whether primates represent the internal goals of other agents or just the external goals of their actions. This is an instance of Daniel Povinelli’s more general challenge that no experimental protocol currently used in the field is capable of distinguishing genuine mindreading animals from their complementary behavior-reading counterparts. We argue that current methods used to test for internal-goal attribution in primates do not solve (...)
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  6.  5
    David DeGrazia (2016). Nonhuman Primates, Human Need, and Ethical Constraints. Hastings Center Report 46 (4):27-28.
    “The Ethics of Infection Challenges in Primates,” by Anne Barnhill, Steven Joffe, and Franklin Miller, is an exceptionally timely contribution to the literature on animal research ethics. Animal research has long been both a source of high hopes and a cause for moral concern. When it comes to infection challenge studies with nonhuman primates, neither the hope—to save thousands of human lives from such diseases as Ebola and Marburg—nor the concern—the conviction that primates deserve especially strong protections—could (...)
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  7.  16
    John P. Gluck (2014). Moving Beyond the Welfare Standard of Psychological Well-Being for Nonhuman Primates: The Case of Chimpanzees. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 35 (2):105-116.
    Since 1985, the US Animal Welfare Act and Public Health Service policy have required that researchers using nonhuman primates in biomedical and behavioral research develop a plan “for a physical environment adequate to promote the psychological well-being of primates.” In pursuing this charge, housing attributes such as social companionship, opportunities to express species-typical behavior, suitable space for expanded locomotor activity, and nonstressful relationships with laboratory personnel are dimensions that have dominated the discussion. Regulators were careful not to direct (...)
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  8.  22
    Kim A. Bard (1998). Imitation and Mirror Self-Recognition May Be Developmental Precursors to Theory of Mind in Human and Nonhuman Primates. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (1):115-115.
    Heyes argues that nonhuman primates are unable to imitate, recognize themselves in mirrors, and take another's perspective, and that none of these capabilities are evidence for theory of mind. First, her evaluation of the evidence, especially for imitation and mirror self-recognition, is inaccurate. Second, she neglects to address the important developmental evidence that these capabilities are necessary precursors in the development of theory of mind.
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  9.  18
    Colin Gray & Phil Russell (1998). Theory of Mind in Nonhuman Primates: A Question of Language? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (1):121-121.
    Two substantive comments are made. The first is methodological, and concerns Heyes's proposals for a critical test for theory of mind. The second is theoretical, and concerns the appropriateness of asking questions about theory of mind in nonhuman primates. Although Heyes warns against the apparent simplicity of the theory of mind hypothesis, she underplays the linguistic implications.
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  10.  12
    Gillian R. Brown (2004). Tolerated Scrounging in Nonhuman Primates. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (4):562-563.
    Gurven suggests that the tolerated scrounging model has limited relevance for explaining patterns of food transfers in human populations. However, this conclusion is based on a restricted interpretation of the tolerated scrounging model proposed originally by Blurton Jones (1987). Examples of food transfers in nonhuman primates illustrate that the assumptions of Gurven's tolerated scrounging model are open to question.
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  11.  17
    Daniela Corbetta (2003). Right-Handedness May Have Come First: Evidence From Studies in Human Infants and Nonhuman Primates. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (2):217-218.
    Recent studies with human infants and nonhuman primates reveal that posture interacts with the expression and stability of handedness. Converging results demonstrate that quadrupedal locomotion hinders the expression of handedness, whereas bipedal posture enhances preferred hand use. From an evolutionary perspective, these findings suggest that right-handedness may have emerged first, following the adoption of bipedal locomotion, with speech emerging later.
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  12.  4
    Allison M. Howard & Dorothy M. Fragaszy (2013). Applying the Bicoded Spatial Model to Nonhuman Primates in an Arboreal Multilayer Environment. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (5):552-553.
    Applying the framework proposed by Jeffery et al. to nonhuman primates moving in multilayer arboreal and terrestrial environments, we see that these animals must generate a mosaic of many bicoded spaces in order to move efficiently and safely through their habitat. Terrestrial light detection and ranging (LiDAR) technology and three-dimensional modelling of canopy movement may permit testing of Jeffery et al.'s framework in natural environments.
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  13. Lisa Kemmerer (ed.) (2012). Primate People: Saving Nonhuman Primates Through Education, Advocacy, and Sanctuary. University of Utah Press.
    In the last 30 years the bushmeat trade has led to the slaughter of nearly 90 percent of West Africa’s bonobos, perhaps our closest relatives, and has recently driven Miss Waldron’s red colobus monkey to extinction. Earth was once rich with primates, but every species—except one—is now extinct or endangered because of one primate—_Homo sapiens_. How have our economic and cultural practices pushed our cousins toward destruction? Would we care more about their fate if we knew something of their (...)
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  14.  12
    Hermann Ackermann, Steffen R. Hage & Wolfram Ziegler (2014). Brain Mechanisms of Acoustic Communication in Humans and Nonhuman Primates: An Evolutionary Perspective. Behavioral and Brain Sciences:1-84.
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  15.  5
    Roger K. R. Thompson & David L. Oden (2000). Categorical Perception and Conceptual Judgments by Nonhuman Primates: The Paleological Monkey and the Analogical Ape. Cognitive Science 24 (3):363-396.
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  16.  12
    Stefan Pollmann (2016). Frontopolar Resource Allocation in Human and Nonhuman Primates. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (2):84-86.
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  17.  17
    J. Mcdermott & M. Hauser (2007). Nonhuman Primates Prefer Slow Tempos but Dislike Music Overall☆. Cognition 104 (3):654-668.
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  18.  8
    Richard J. Davidson, Andrew Fox & Ned H. Kalin (2007). Neural Bases of Emotion Regulation in Nonhuman Primates and Humans. In James J. Gross (ed.), Handbook of Emotion Regulation. Guilford Press 47--68.
  19.  14
    Ruth Tincoff, Marc D. Hauser & Marc Hauser (2006). Cognitive Basis for Language Evolution in Nonhuman Primates. In Keith Brown (ed.), Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. Elsevier 553--538.
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  20. Josep Call & Michael Tomasello (2005). Reasoning and Thinking in Nonhuman Primates. In K. Holyoak & B. Morrison (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning. Cambridge Univ Pr 607--632.
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  21.  21
    Joëlle Proust (1999). Can Nonhuman Primates Read Minds? Philosophical Topics 27 (1):203-232.
    Granted that a given species is able to entertain beliefs and desires, i.e. to have (epistemic and motivational) internal states with semantically evaluable contents, one can raise the question of whether the species under investigation is, in addition, able to represent properties and events that are not only perceptual or physical, but mental, and use the latter to guide their actions, not only as reliable cues for achieving some output, but as mental cues (that is: whether it can 'read minds'). (...)
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  22.  10
    Jacques Vauclair (2005). Lateralization of Communicative Signals in Nonhuman Primates and the Hypothesis of the Gestural Origin of Language. Interaction Studiesinteraction Studies Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 5 (3):365-386.
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  23. Gijsbert Stoet & Lawrence Snyder (2008). Task-Switching in Human and Nonhuman Primates: Understanding Rule Encoding and Control From Behavior to Single Neurons. In Silvia A. Bunge & Jonathan D. Wallis (eds.), Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior. Oxford University Press
  24.  1
    Joëlle Proust, Can Nonhuman Primates Read Minds?
    Granted that a given species is able to entertain beliefs and desires, i.e. to have internal states with semantically evaluable contents, one can raise the question of whether the species under investigation is, in addition, able to represent properties and events that are not only perceptual or physical, but mental, and use the latter to guide their actions, not only as reliable cues for achieving some output, but as mental cues. The main aim of this article is to suggest that (...)
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  25.  4
    R. J. Andrew (1993). Behavioural Constraints on Social Communication Are Not Likely to Prevent the Evolution of Large Social Groups in Nonhuman Primates. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (4):694.
  26.  2
    Ray Greek, Lawrence A. Hansen & Andre Menache (2011). An Analysis of the Bateson Review of Research Using Nonhuman Primates. Medicolegal and Bioethics 1 (1):3-22.
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  27.  1
    Peter R. Rapp (1994). Functional Components of the Hippocampal Memory System: Implications for Future Learning and Memory Research in Nonhuman Primates. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (3):491-492.
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  28.  1
    Guy A. Orban (2014). The Mirror System in Human and Nonhuman Primates. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (2):215-216.
  29. Gardar Arnason & Jens Clausen (2016). On Balance: Weighing Harms and Benefits in Fundamental Neurological Research Using Nonhuman Primates. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 19 (2):229-237.
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  30. Marc Bekoff (2012). Primate People: Saving Nonhuman Primates Through Education, Advocacy, and Sanctuary. University of Utah Press.
     
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  31. Dk Candland & Pg Judge (1988). Visual Categorization by Nonhuman-Primates. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 26 (6):498-498.
     
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  32. Jamie L. Eberling (2008). PET 6-[18F]Fluoro-L-M-Tyrosine Studies of Dopaminergic Function in Human and Nonhuman Primates. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 1.
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  33. J. McDdermontt & M. Hauser (2004). Are Consonant Intervals Music to Their Ears? Spontaneous Acoustic Preferences in a Nonhuman Primates. Cognition 94:B11 - B24.
     
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  34. Lisa Parr & Erin Hecht (2011). Facial Perception in Nonhuman Primates. In Andy Calder, Gillian Rhodes, Mark Johnson & Jim Haxby (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Face Perception. OUP Oxford
  35. Mt Phelps, Wa Roberts & Aa Wright (1992). Human and Monkey Memory for Upright and Inverted Faces of Human and Nonhuman-Primates. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 30 (6):458-458.
     
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  36. L. R. Squire (1987). Neural Substrates of Memory in Humans and Nonhuman-Primates. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 25 (5):345-345.
     
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  37.  26
    Bennett G. Galef (1992). The Question of Animal Culture. Human Nature 3 (2):157-178.
    In this paper I consider whether traditional behaviors of animals, like traditions of humans, are transmitted by imitation learning. Review of the literature on problem solving by captive primates, and detailed consideration of two widely cited instances of purported learning by imitation and of culture in free-living primates (sweet-potato washing by Japanese macaques and termite fishing by chimpanzees), suggests that nonhuman primates do not learn to solve problems by imitation. It may, therefore, be misleading to treat animal (...)
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  38.  18
    Robert M. Seyfarth & Dorothy L. Cheney (2008). Primate Social Knowledge and the Origins of Language. Mind and Society 7 (1):129-142.
    Primate vocal communication is very different from human language. Differences are most pronounced in call production. Differences in production have been overemphasized, however, and distracted attention from the information that primates acquire when they hear vocalizations. In perception and cognition, continuities with language are more apparent. We suggest that natural selection has favored nonhuman primates who, upon hearing vocalizations, form mental representations of other individuals, their relationships, and their motives. This social knowledge constitutes a discrete, combinatorial system that (...)
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  39. B. Bermond (2001). A Neuropsychological and Evolutionary Approach to Animal Consciousness and Animal Suffering. Animal Welfare Supplement 10:47- 62.
  40. Melvyn A. Goodale (2004). Perceiving the World and Grasping It: Dissociations Between Conscious and Unconscious Visual Processing. In Michael S. Gazzaniga (ed.), The Cognitive Neurosciences. MIT Press 1159-1172.
     
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  41.  11
    Barbara Smuts (1992). Male Aggression Against Women. Human Nature 3 (1):1-44.
    Male aggression against females in primates, including humans, often functions to control female sexuality to the male’s reproductive advantage. A comparative, evolutionary perspective is used to generate several hypotheses to help to explain cross-cultural variation in the frequency of male aggression against women. Variables considered include protection of women by kin, male-male alliances and male strategies for guarding mates and obtaining adulterous matings, and male resource control. The relationships between male aggression against women and gender ideologies, male domination of (...)
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  42.  10
    J. Michael Plavcan (2012). Sexual Size Dimorphism, Canine Dimorphism, and Male-Male Competition in Primates. Human Nature 23 (1):45-67.
    Sexual size dimorphism is generally associated with sexual selection via agonistic male competition in nonhuman primates. These primate models play an important role in understanding the origins and evolution of human behavior. Human size dimorphism is often hypothesized to be associated with high rates of male violence and polygyny. This raises the question of whether human dimorphism and patterns of male violence are inherited from a common ancestor with chimpanzees or are uniquely derived. Here I review patterns of, and (...)
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  43.  4
    Rebecca L. Walker (2016). Beyond Primates: Research Protections and Animal Moral Value. Hastings Center Report 46 (4):28-30.
    Should monkeys be used in painful and often deadly infectious disease research that may save many human lives? This is the challenging question that Anne Barnhill, Steven Joffe, and Franklin G. Miller take on in their carefully argued and compelling article “The Ethics of Infection Challenges in Primates.” The authors offer a nuanced and even-handed position that takes philosophical worries about nonhuman primate moral status seriously and still appreciates the very real value of such research for human welfare. Overall, (...)
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  44.  6
    Anne Barnhill, Steven Joffe & Franklin G. Miller (2016). The Ethics of Infection Challenges in Primates. Hastings Center Report 46 (4):20-26.
    In the midst of the recent Ebola outbreak, scientific developments involving infection challenge experiments on nonhuman primates sparked hope that successful treatments and vaccines may soon become available. Yet these studies pose a stark ethical quandary. On the one hand, they represent an important step in developing novel therapies and vaccines for Ebola and the Marburg virus, with the potential to save thousands of human lives and to protect whole communities from devastation; on the other hand, they intentionally expose (...)
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  45.  1
    Anne Barnhill, Steven Joffe & Franklin G. Miller (2016). The Ethics of Infection Challenges in Primates. Hastings Center Report 46 (3):20-26.
    In the midst of the recent Ebola outbreak, scientific developments involving infection challenge experiments on nonhuman primates sparked hope that successful treatments and vaccines may soon become available. Yet these studies pose a stark ethical quandary. On the one hand, they represent an important step in developing novel therapies and vaccines for Ebola and the Marburg virus, with the potential to save thousands of human lives and to protect whole communities from devastation; on the other hand, they intentionally expose (...)
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  46.  26
    Mark Chen, Tanya L. Chartrand, Annette Y. Lee-Chai & John A. Bargh (1998). Priming Primates: Human and Otherwise. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (5):685-686.
    The radical nub of Byrne & Russon's argument is that passive priming effects can produce much of the evidence of higher-order cognition in nonhuman primates. In support of their position we review evidence of similar behavioral priming effects n humans. However, that evidence further suggests that even program-level imitative behavior can be produced through priming.
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  47.  11
    Robert M. Gordon (1998). The Prior Question: Do Human Primates Have a Theory of Mind? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (1):120-121.
    Given Heyes's construal of there is still no convincing evidence of theory of mind in human primates, much less nonhuman. Rather than making unfounded assumptions about what underlies human social competence, one should ask what mechanisms other primates have and then inquire whether more sophisticated elaborations of those might not account for much of human competence.
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  48. Michael A. Arbib (2005). From Monkey-Like Action Recognition to Human Language: An Evolutionary Framework for Neurolinguistics. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):105-124.
    The article analyzes the neural and functional grounding of language skills as well as their emergence in hominid evolution, hypothesizing stages leading from abilities known to exist in monkeys and apes and presumed to exist in our hominid ancestors right through to modern spoken and signed languages. The starting point is the observation that both premotor area F5 in monkeys and Broca's area in humans contain a “mirror system” active for both execution and observation of manual actions, and that F5 (...)
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  49.  5
    Sara E. Johnson & John Bock (2004). Trade-Offs in Skillacquisition and Time Allocation Among Juvenile Chacma Baboons. Human Nature 15 (1):45-62.
    We hypothesize that juvenile baboons are less efficient foragers than adult baboons owing to their small size, lower level of knowledge and skill, and/or lesser ability to maintain access to resources. We predict that as resources are more difficult to extract, juvenile baboons will demonstrate lower efficiency than adults will because of their lower levels of experience. In addition, we hypothesize that juvenile baboons will be more likely to allocate foraging time to easier-to-extract resources owing to their greater efficiency in (...)
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  50.  58
    Richard P. Haynes (2001). Do Regulators of Animal Welfare Need to Develop a Theory of Psychological Well-Being? Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 14 (2):231-240.
    The quest for a ``theory of nonhuman minds'''' to assessclaims about the moral status of animals is misguided. Misframedquestions about animal minds facilitate the appropriation ofanimal welfare by the animal user industry. When misframed, thesequestions shift the burden of proof unreasonably to animalwelfare regulators. An illustrative instance of misframing can befound in the US National Research Council''s 1998 publication thatreports professional efforts to define the psychologicalwell-being of nonhuman primates, a condition that the US 1985animal welfare act requires users of (...)
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