Search results for 'Principle of Maximum Entropy' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  28
    Stefan Lukits (2013). The Principle of Maximum Entropy and a Problem in Probability Kinematics. Synthese 191 (7):1-23.
    Sometimes we receive evidence in a form that standard conditioning (or Jeffrey conditioning) cannot accommodate. The principle of maximum entropy (MAXENT) provides a unique solution for the posterior probability distribution based on the intuition that the information gain consistent with assumptions and evidence should be minimal. Opponents of objective methods to determine these probabilities prominently cite van Fraassen’s Judy Benjamin case to undermine the generality of maxent. This article shows that an intuitive approach to Judy Benjamin’s (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2.  20
    J. Uffink (1996). The Constraint Rule of the Maximum Entropy Principle. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 27 (1):47-79.
    The principle of maximum entropy is a method for assigning values to probability distributions on the basis of partial information. In usual formulations of this and related methods of inference one assumes that this partial information takes the form of a constraint on allowed probability distributions. In practical applications, however, the information consists of empirical data. A constraint rule is then employed to construct constraints on probability distributions out of these data. Usually one adopts the rule that (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  3.  79
    John F. Cyranski (1978). Analysis of the Maximum Entropy Principle “Debate”. Foundations of Physics 8 (5-6):493-506.
    Jaynes's maximum entropy principle (MEP) is analyzed by considering in detail a recent controversy. Emphasis is placed on the inductive logical interpretation of “probability” and the concept of “total knowledge.” The relation of the MEP to relative frequencies is discussed, and a possible realm of its fruitful application is noted.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  4. J. E. Shore & R. W. Johnson (1980). Axiomatic Derivation of the Principle of Maximum Entropy and the Principle of Minimum Cross-Entropy. IEEE Transactions on Information Theory:26-37.
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   14 citations  
  5.  40
    Abner Shimony (1985). The Status of the Principle of Maximum Entropy. Synthese 63 (1):35 - 53.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  6. H. Haken (1993). Application of the Maximum Entropy Principle to Nonlinear Systems Far From Equilibrium. In E. T. Jaynes, Walter T. Grandy & Peter W. Milonni (eds.), Physics and Probability: Essays in Honor of Edwin T. Jaynes. Cambridge University Press 239.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7. Jos Uffink (1996). The Constraint Rule of the Maximum Entropy Principle. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 27 (1):47-79.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8.  1
    Diego González, Sergio Davis & Gonzalo Gutiérrez (2014). Newtonian Dynamics From the Principle of Maximum Caliber. Foundations of Physics 44 (9):923-931.
    The foundations of Statistical Mechanics can be recovered almost in their entirety from the principle of maximum entropy. In this work we show that its non-equilibrium generalization, the principle of maximum caliber (Jaynes, Phys Rev 106:620–630, 1957), when applied to the unknown trajectory followed by a particle, leads to Newton’s second law under two quite intuitive assumptions (both the expected square displacement in one step and the spatial probability distribution of the particle are known at (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  9.  31
    J. Uffink (1995). Can the Maximum Entropy Principle Be Explained as a Consistency Requirement? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 26 (3):223-261.
    The principle of maximum entropy is a general method to assign values to probability distributions on the basis of partial information. This principle, introduced by Jaynes in 1957, forms an extension of the classical principle of insufficient reason. It has been further generalized, both in mathematical formulation and in intended scope, into the principle of maximum relative entropy or of minimum information. It has been claimed that these principles are singled out as (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  10.  34
    Jürgen Landes & Jon Williamson, Objective Bayesianism and the Maximum Entropy Principle.
    Objective Bayesian epistemology invokes three norms: the strengths of our beliefs should be probabilities, they should be calibrated to our evidence of physical probabilities, and they should otherwise equivocate sufficiently between the basic propositions that we can express. The three norms are sometimes explicated by appealing to the maximum entropy principle, which says that a belief function should be a probability function, from all those that are calibrated to evidence, that has maximum entropy. However, the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11.  8
    Domagoj Kuić (forthcoming). Predictive Statistical Mechanics and Macroscopic Time Evolution: Hydrodynamics and Entropy Production. Foundations of Physics:1-24.
    In the previous papers, it was demonstrated that applying the principle of maximum information entropy by maximizing the conditional information entropy, subject to the constraint given by the Liouville equation averaged over the phase space, leads to a definition of the rate of entropy change for closed Hamiltonian systems without any additional assumptions. Here, we generalize this basic model and, with the introduction of the additional constraints which are equivalent to the hydrodynamic continuity equations, show (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  12.  17
    Raghav Ramachandran, Arthur Ramer & Abhaya C. Nayak (2012). Probabilistic Belief Contraction. Minds and Machines 22 (4):325-351.
    Probabilistic belief contraction has been a much neglected topic in the field of probabilistic reasoning. This is due to the difficulty in establishing a reasonable reversal of the effect of Bayesian conditionalization on a probabilistic distribution. We show that indifferent contraction, a solution proposed by Ramer to this problem through a judicious use of the principle of maximum entropy, is a probabilistic version of a full meet contraction. We then propose variations of indifferent contraction, using both the (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13. Jos Uffink (1995). Can the Maximum Entropy Principle Be Explained as a Consistency Requirement? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 26 (3):223-261.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14.  49
    P. Hájíček (2009). Quantum Model of Classical Mechanics: Maximum Entropy Packets. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 39 (9):1072-1096.
    In a previous paper, a statistical method of constructing quantum models of classical properties has been described. The present paper concludes the description by turning to classical mechanics. The quantum states that maximize entropy for given averages and variances of coordinates and momenta are called ME packets. They generalize the Gaussian wave packets. A non-trivial extension of the partition-function method of probability calculus to quantum mechanics is given. Non-commutativity of quantum variables limits its usefulness. Still, the general form (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15.  23
    Jeff Paris (1998). Common Sense and Maximum Entropy. Synthese 117 (1):75-93.
    This paper concerns the question of how to draw inferences common sensically from uncertain knowledge. Since the early work of Shore and Johnson (1980), Paris and Vencovská (1990), and Csiszár (1989), it has been known that the Maximum Entropy Inference Process is the only inference process which obeys certain common sense principles of uncertain reasoning. In this paper we consider the present status of this result and argue that within the rather narrow context in which we work this (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  16.  96
    Shunlong Luo (2002). Maximum Shannon Entropy, Minimum Fisher Information, and an Elementary Game. Foundations of Physics 32 (11):1757-1772.
    We formulate an elementary statistical game which captures the essence of some fundamental quantum experiments such as photon polarization and spin measurement. We explore and compare the significance of the principle of maximum Shannon entropy and the principle of minimum Fisher information in solving such a game. The solution based on the principle of minimum Fisher information coincides with the solution based on an invariance principle, and provides an informational explanation of Malus' law (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17.  2
    Stanley Salthe (2010). Maximum Power and Maximum Entropy Production: Finalities in Nature. Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 6 (1):114-121.
    I begin with the definition of power, and find that it is finalistic inasmuch as work directs energy dissipation in the interests of some system. The maximum power principle of Lotka and Odum implies an optimal energy efficiency for any work; optima are also finalities. I advance a statement of the maximum entropy production principle, suggesting that most work of dissipative structures is carried out at rates entailing energy flows faster than those that would associate (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18.  61
    R. W. Spekkens & J. E. Sipe (2001). A Modal Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics Based on a Principle of Entropy Minimization. Foundations of Physics 31 (10):1431-1464.
    Within many approaches to the interpretation of quantum mechanics, especially modal interpretations, one singles out a particular decomposition of the state vector in order to fix the properties that are well-defined for the system. We present a novel proposal for this preferred decomposition. Given a distinguished factorization of the Hilbert space, it is the decomposition that minimizes the Ingarden–Urbanik entropy from among all product decompositions with respect to the distinguished factorization. We incorporate this choice of preferred decomposition into a (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  19.  33
    D. J. Scalapino (1993). A Look Back: Early Applications of Maximum Entropy Estimation to Quantum Statistical Mechanics. In E. T. Jaynes, Walter T. Grandy & Peter W. Milonni (eds.), Physics and Probability: Essays in Honor of Edwin T. Jaynes. Cambridge University Press 9.
  20.  3
    A. Weale (1979). Statistical Lives and the Principle of Maximum Benefit. Journal of Medical Ethics 5 (4):185-195.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  21.  18
    Christopher Manning, Enriching the Knowledge Sources Used in a Maximum Entropy Part-of-Speech Tagger.
    Kristina Toutanova Christopher D. Manning Dept of Computer Science Depts of Computer Science and Linguistics Gates Bldg 4A, 353 Serra Mall Gates Bldg 4A, 353 Serra Mall Stanford, CA 94305–9040, USA Stanford, CA 94305–9040, USA kristina@cs.stanford.edu manning@cs.stanford.edu..
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  22.  23
    Brian Skyrms (1985). Maximum Entropy Inference as a Special Case of Conditionalization. Synthese 63 (1):55 - 74.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   11 citations  
  23.  16
    Vladimir Garcia-Morales (2015). Quantum Mechanics and the Principle of Least Radix Economy. Foundations of Physics 45 (3):295-332.
    A new variational method, the principle of least radix economy, is formulated. The mathematical and physical relevance of the radix economy, also called digit capacity, is established, showing how physical laws can be derived from this concept in a unified way. The principle reinterprets and generalizes the principle of least action yielding two classes of physical solutions: least action paths and quantum wavefunctions. A new physical foundation of the Hilbert space of quantum mechanics is then accomplished and (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  24.  86
    Jon Williamson (2011). Objective Bayesianism, Bayesian Conditionalisation and Voluntarism. Synthese 178 (1):67-85.
    Objective Bayesianism has been criticised on the grounds that objective Bayesian updating, which on a finite outcome space appeals to the maximum entropy principle, differs from Bayesian conditionalisation. The main task of this paper is to show that this objection backfires: the difference between the two forms of updating reflects negatively on Bayesian conditionalisation rather than on objective Bayesian updating. The paper also reviews some existing criticisms and justifications of conditionalisation, arguing in particular that the diachronic Dutch (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  25. Milan M. Ćirković (2002). Anthropic Fluctuations Vs. Weak Anthropic Principle. Foundations of Science 7 (4):453-463.
    A modern assessment of the classical Boltzmann-Schuetz argument for large-scale entropy fluctuations as the origin of our observable cosmological domain is given.The emphasis is put on the central implication of this picture which flatly contradicts the weak anthropic principle as an epistemological statement about the universe. Therefore, to associate this picture with the anthropic principle as it is usually done is unwarranted. In particular, Feynman's criticism of theanthropic principle based on the entropy-fluctuation picture is a (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  26. Owen Barnett & Jeff Paris (2008). Maximum Entropy Inference with Quantified Knowledge. Logic Journal of the Igpl 16 (1):85-98.
    We investigate uncertain reasoning with quantified sentences of the predicate calculus treated as the limiting case of maximum entropy inference applied to finite domains.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27.  4
    Eyal Heifetz, Roumen Tsekov, Eliahu Cohen & Zohar Nussinov (forthcoming). On Entropy Production in the Madelung Fluid and the Role of Bohm’s Potential in Classical Diffusion. Foundations of Physics:1-10.
    The Madelung equations map the non-relativistic time-dependent Schrödinger equation into hydrodynamic equations of a virtual fluid. While the von Neumann entropy remains constant, we demonstrate that an increase of the Shannon entropy, associated with this Madelung fluid, is proportional to the expectation value of its velocity divergence. Hence, the Shannon entropy may grow due to an expansion of the Madelung fluid. These effects result from the interference between solutions of the Schrödinger equation. Growth of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  28.  85
    John D. Norton (2005). Eaters of the Lotus: Landauer's Principle and the Return of Maxwell's Demon. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 36 (2):375-411.
    Landauer’s principle is the loosely formulated notion that the erasure of n bits of information must always incur a cost of k ln n in thermodynamic entropy. It can be formulated as a precise result in statistical mechanics, but by erasure processes that use a thermodynamically irreversible phase space expansion, which is the real origin of the law’s entropy cost. General arguments that purport to establish the unconditional validity of the law (erasure maps many physical states to (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   11 citations  
  29.  46
    Milan M. Ćirković & Vesna Milošević-Zdjelar (2004). Three's a Crowd: On Causes, Entropy and Physical Eschatology. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 9 (1):1-24.
    Recent discussions of theorigins of the thermodynamical temporal asymmetry (thearrow of time) by Huw Price and others arecritically assessed. This serves as amotivation for consideration of relationshipbetween thermodynamical and cosmologicalcauses. Although the project of clarificationof the thermodynamical explanandum is certainlywelcome, Price excludes another interestingoption, at least as viable as the sort ofAcausal-Particular approach he favors, andarguably more in the spirit of Boltzmannhimself. Thus, the competition of explanatoryprojects includes three horses, not two. Inaddition, it is the Acausal-Particular approachthat could benefit enormously (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  30.  99
    Milan Cirkovic (2003). The Thermodynamical Arrow of Time: Reinterpreting the Boltzmann–Schuetz Argument. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 33 (3):467-490.
    The recent surge of interest in the origin of the temporal asymmetry of thermodynamical systems (including the accessible part of the universe itself) has put forward two possible explanatory approaches to this age-old problem. Hereby we show that there is a third possible alternative, based on the generalization of the classical (“Boltzmann–Schuetz”) anthropic fluctuation picture of the origin of the perceived entropy gradient. This alternative (which we dub the Acausal-Anthropic approach) is based on accepting Boltzmann's statistical measure at its (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  31.  75
    T. L. Duncan & J. S. Semura (2007). Information Loss as a Foundational Principle for the Second Law of Thermodynamics. Foundations of Physics 37 (12):1767-1773.
    In a previous paper (Duncan, T.L., Semura, J.S. in Entropy 6:21, 2004) we considered the question, “What underlying property of nature is responsible for the second law?” A simple answer can be stated in terms of information: The fundamental loss of information gives rise to the second law. This line of thinking highlights the existence of two independent but coupled sets of laws: Information dynamics and energy dynamics. The distinction helps shed light on certain foundational questions in statistical (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  32. Courtney D. Fugate (2014). Alexander Baumgarten on the Principle of Sufficient Reason. Philosophica 44.
    This paper defends the Principle of Sufficient Reason, taking Baumgarten as its guide. The primary aim is not to vindicate the principle, but rather to explore the kinds of resources Baumgarten originally thought sufficient to justify the PSR against its early opponents. The paper also considers Baumgarten's possible responses to Kant's pre-Critical objections to the proof of the PSR. The paper finds that Baumgarten possesses reasonable responses to all these objections. While the paper notes (...)
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  33.  6
    Y. N. Chopra (1994). Mill's Principle of Liberty. Philosophy 69 (270):417 - 441.
    Although J. S. Mill′s essay On Liberty was intended by its author to be read as a self-contained work, 1 and even though a careful reading would justify seeing it in this way, it has far too often been denied this right even by its defenders. There is a crucial distinction to be made between eliciting some point of substance from a particular work by an author and then turning to the rest of his work to throw further light on (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  34.  71
    Robert Smithson (forthcoming). The Principle of Indifference and Inductive Scepticism. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axv029.
    Many theorists have proposed that we can use the principle of indifference to defeat the inductive sceptic. But any such theorist must confront the objection that different ways of applying the principle of indifference lead to incompatible probability assignments. Huemer offers the explanatory priority proviso as a strategy for overcoming this objection. With this proposal, Huemer claims that we can defend induction in a way that is not question-begging against the sceptic. But in this article, I (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  35.  43
    Vefa Karatay & Yagmur Denizhan (2005). In Search of a Reconciliation Between Semiotics, Thermodynamics and Metasystem Transition Theory. Axiomathes 15 (1):47-61.
    The disciplines of cybernetics, semiotics and thermodynamics investigate evolutionary processes quite independently from each other. The aim of this paper is to draw the parallels and point out the possibility and necessity of a reconciliation between these disciplines. The concept of metasystem transition has been proposed by Turchin as a quantum of evolution from a cybernetic point of view. Semiotic processes are of prime importance for the realisation of metasystem transitions in the course of evolution. From a thermodynamic point of (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  36.  26
    Domènec Melé (2005). Exploring the Principle of Subsidiarity in Organisational Forms. Journal of Business Ethics 60 (3):293 - 305.
    The paper starts with a case study of a medium-sized company in which a strong and successful change in the organisational form and job design took place. A bureaucratic organisation with highly-specialised jobs was converted into a new organisation in which employees became much more autonomous in managing their own work. This not only entailed new techniques and managerial systems but also a new anthropological vision. Bureaucratic rules were reduced, but not eliminated completely, and management became less authoritarian. Employees could (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   14 citations  
  37.  33
    Christopher M. P. Tomaszewski (forthcoming). The Principle of Sufficient Reason Defended: There Is No Conjunction of All Contingently True Propositions. Philosophia:1-8.
    Toward the end of his classic treatise An Essay on Free Will, Peter van Inwagen offers a modal argument against the Principle of Sufficient Reason which he argues shows that the principle “collapses all modal distinctions.” In this paper, a critical flaw in this argument is shown to lie in van Inwagen’s beginning assumption that there is such a thing as the conjunction of all contingently true propositions. This is shown to follow from Cantor’s theorem and a property (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  38.  52
    G. W. Gibbons (2002). The Maximum Tension Principle in General Relativity. Foundations of Physics 32 (12):1891-1901.
    I suggest that classical General Relativity in four spacetime dimensions incorporates a Principal of Maximal Tension and give arguments to show that the value of the maximal tension is $\frac{{c^4 }}{{4G}}$ . The relation of this principle to other, possibly deeper, maximal principles is discussed, in particular the relation to the tension in string theory. In that case it leads to a purely classical relation between G and the classical string coupling constant α′ and the velocity of light c (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  39. Gheorghe-Ilie Farte (2015). The Principle of Peaceable Conduct as a Discrimination Tool in Social Life. Argumentum. Journal of the Seminar of Discursive Logic, Argumentation Theory and Rhetoric 3 (1):95-111.
    By exercising their (imperfect) capacity to discriminate, people try to recognize and to understand some important differences between things that make them prefer some things to other. In this article I will use my ability to discriminate between people and societies according to a principle which plays the role of attractor, both at individual and societal levels, namely the principle of peaceable conduct. This principle allows us to discriminate at the civic level between the (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40.  11
    Christopher M. P. Tomaszewski (2016). The Principle of Sufficient Reason Defended: There Is No Conjunction of All Contingently True Propositions. Philosophia 44 (1):267-274.
    Toward the end of his classic treatise An Essay on Free Will, Peter van Inwagen offers a modal argument against the Principle of Sufficient Reason which he argues shows that the principle “collapses all modal distinctions.” In this paper, a critical flaw in this argument is shown to lie in van Inwagen’s beginning assumption that there is such a thing as the conjunction of all contingently true propositions. This is shown to follow from Cantor’s theorem and a property (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41.  74
    Benjamin T. H. Smart & Karim P. Y. Thébault (2015). Dispositions and the Principle of Least Action Revisited. Analysis 75 (3):386-395.
    Some time ago, Joel Katzav and Brian Ellis debated the compatibility of dispositional essentialism with the principle of least action. Surprisingly, very little has been said on the matter since, even by the most naturalistically inclined metaphysicians. Here, we revisit the Katzav–Ellis arguments of 2004–05. We outline the two problems for the dispositionalist identified Katzav in his 2004 , and claim they are not as problematic for the dispositional essentialist at it first seems – but not for the reasons (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42.  5
    Bengt Autzen (2016). Significance Testing, P-Values and the Principle of Total Evidence. European Journal for Philosophy of Science 6 (2):281-295.
    The paper examines the claim that significance testing violates the Principle of Total Evidence. I argue that p-values violate PTE for two-sided tests but satisfy PTE for one-sided tests invoking a sufficient test statistic independent of the preferred theory of evidence. While the focus of the paper is to evaluate a particular claim about the relationship of significance testing and PTE, I clarify the reading of this methodological principle along the way.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43. Christopher Evan Franklin (2011). Neo-Frankfurtians and Buffer Cases: The New Challenge to the Principle of Alternative Possibilities. Philosophical Studies 152 (2):189–207.
    The debate over whether Frankfurt-style cases are counterexamples to the principle of alternative possibilities has taken an interesting turn in recent years. Frankfurt originally envisaged his attack as an attempting to show that PAP is false—that the ability to do otherwise is not necessary for moral responsibility. To many this attack has failed. But Frankfurtians have not conceded defeat. Neo-Frankfurtians, as I will call them, argue that the upshot of Frankfurt-style cases is not that PAP is false, (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  44.  80
    Greg Novack (2010). A Defense of the Principle of Indifference. Journal of Philosophical Logic 39 (6):655-678.
    The principle of indifference (hereafter ‘Poi’) says that if one has no more reason to believe A than B (and vice versa ), then one ought not to believe A more than B (nor vice versa ). Many think it’s demonstrably false despite its intuitive plausibility, because of a particular style of thought experiment that generates counterexamples. Roger White ( 2008 ) defends Poi by arguing that its antecedent is false in these thought experiments. Like White I believe Poi, (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  45.  16
    Shieva Kleinschmidt (2013). Reasoning Without the Principle of Sufficient Reason. In Tyron Goldschmidt (ed.), The Philosophy of Existence: Why Is There Something Rather Than Nothing? Routledge 64-79.
    According to Principles of Sufficient Reason, every truth (in some relevant group) has an explanation. One of the most popular defenses of Principles of Sufficient Reason has been the presupposition of reason defense, which takes endorsement of the defended PSR to play a crucial role in our theory selection. According to recent presentations of this defense, our method of theory selection often depends on the assumption that, if a given proposition is true, then it has an explanation, and this will (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46.  2
    Sergio Davis, Joaquín Peralta, Yasmín Navarrete, Diego González & Gonzalo Gutiérrez (2016). A Bayesian Interpretation of First-Order Phase Transitions. Foundations of Physics 46 (3):350-359.
    In this work we review the formalism used in describing the thermodynamics of first-order phase transitions from the point of view of maximum entropy inference. We present the concepts of transition temperature, latent heat and entropy difference between phases as emergent from the more fundamental concept of internal energy, after a statistical inference analysis. We explicitly demonstrate this point of view by making inferences on a simple game, resulting in the same formalism as in thermodynamical phase transitions. (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  47.  16
    Alon Drory (2015). Failure and Uses of Jaynes’ Principle of Transformation Groups. Foundations of Physics 45 (4):439-460.
    Bertand’s paradox is a fundamental problem in probability that casts doubt on the applicability of the indifference principle by showing that it may yield contradictory results, depending on the meaning assigned to “randomness”. Jaynes claimed that symmetry requirements solve the paradox by selecting a unique solution to the problem. I show that this is not the case and that every variant obtained from the principle of indifference can also be obtained from Jaynes’ principle of transformation groups. This (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  48.  44
    Patricia Kauark-Leite (2009). The Transcendental Role of the Principle of Anticipations of Perception in Quantum Mechanics. In Michel Bitbol, Jean Petitot & Pierre Kerszberg (eds.), CONSTITUTING OBJECTIVITY The Western Ontario Series in Philosophy of Science.
    The aim of this work is to analyse the diffrerences between the formal structure of anticipation of perception in classical and in quantum context. I argue that a transcendental point of view can be supported in quantum context if objectivity is defined by an invariant anticipative structure, which has only a predictive character. The classical objectivity, which defined a set of properties having a descriptive meaning must be abandoned in quantum context. I will focus my analysis on Kant's Principle (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  49.  36
    Venanzio Raspa (1999). Łukasiewicz on the Principle of Contradiction. Journal of Philosophical Research 24:57-112.
    Łukasiewicz distinguishes three formulations of the principle of contradiction in Aristotle’s works: ontological, logical, and psychological. The first two formulations are equivalent though not synonymous, but neither of them is equivalent to the psychological one, which expresses not a principle but only an empirical law. Furthermore, the principle of contradiction is neither a simple and ultimate law nor is it necessary for conducting an inference, because the syllogism is independent of it. The further explanation of (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50.  37
    Iñaki San Pedro (2011). Venetian Sea Levels, British Bread Prices and the Principle of the Common Cause: A Reassessment. In H. de Regt, S. Okasha & S. Hartmann (eds.), EPSA Philosophy of Science: Amsterdam 2009. Springer 341-354.
    It is still a controversial issue whether Reichenbach’s Principle of the Common Cause (RPCC) is a sound method for causal inference. In fact, the status of the principle has been a subject of intense philosophical debate. An extensive literature has been thus generated both with arguments in favor and against the adequacy of the principle. A remarkable argument against the principle, first proposed by Elliott Sober (Sober, 1987, 2001), consists on a counterexample which involves corelations between (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 1000