Search results for 'Principle of Sufficient Reason' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Shieva Kleinschmidt (forthcoming). Reasoning Without the Principle of Sufficient Reason. In Tyron Goldschmidt (ed.), The Philosophy of Existence: Why Is There Something Rather Than Nothing? Routledge.score: 1234.0
    According to Principles of Sufficient Reason, every truth (in some relevant group) has an explanation. One of the most popular defenses of Principles of Sufficient Reason has been the presupposition of reason defense, which takes endorsement of the defended PSR to play a crucial role in our theory selection. According to recent presentations of this defense, our method of theory selection often depends on the assumption that, if a given proposition is true, then it has (...)
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  2. Martin Lin (forthcoming). The Principle of Sufficient Reason in Spinoza. In Michael Della Rocca (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Spinoza.score: 1032.0
  3. Alexander R. Pruss (2006). The Principle of Sufficient Reason: A Reassessment. Cambridge University Press.score: 924.0
    The Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR) says that all contingent facts must have explanation. In this volume, the first on the topic in the English language in nearly half a century, Alexander Pruss examines the substantive philosophical issues raised by the Principle Reason. Discussing various forms of the PSR and selected historical episodes, from Parmenides, Leibnez, and Hume, Pruss defends the claim that every true contingent proposition must have an explanation against major objections, including Hume's (...)
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  4. F. C. White (1992). On Schopenhauer's Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason. E.J. Brill.score: 924.0
    This book is a philosophical commentary on Schopenhauer's "Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason," dealing with each of Schopenhauer's principal ...
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  5. Arthur Schopenhauer (1974). On the Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason. La Salle, Ill.,Open Court.score: 924.0
    Machine generated contents note: General editor's preface; Editorial notes and references; Introduction; Notes on text and translation; Chronology; Bibliography; Part I. On the Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason: 1. Introduction; 2. Survey of what is most important in previous teachings about the principle of sufficient reason; 3. Inadequacy of previous accounts and sketch of a new one; 4. On the first class of objects for the subject and the form of the (...)
     
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  6. Yitzhak Melamed & Martin Lin, Principle of Sufficient Reason.score: 828.0
    The Principle of Sufficient Reason is a powerful and controversial philosophical principle stipulating that everything must have a reason or cause. This simple demand for thoroughgoing intelligibility yields some of the boldest and most challenging theses in the history of metaphysics and epistemology. In this entry we begin with explaining the Principle, and then turn to the history of the debates around it. A section on recent discussions of the Principle will be added (...)
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  7. Jacek Wojtysiak (2007). On the Principle of Sufficient Reason. Polish Journal of Philosophy 1 (1):111-135.score: 828.0
    The aim of this paper is to defend the ontological Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR-O). I analyse various versions of this principle and various ways of justifying it. Then I attempt to challenge some counterexamples allegedly refuting a universal application of the PSR-O. There are standard and non-standard versions of the PSR-O. The PSR-Ostand can only be valid if there are no chains of contingent reasons and outcomes with first modules, i.e. all chains are actually infinite. (...)
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  8. Alexander R. Pruss (2004). A Restricted Principle of Sufficient Reason and the Cosmological Argument. Religious Studies 40 (2):165-179.score: 816.0
    The Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR) says that, necessarily, every contingently true proposition has an explanation. The PSR is the most controversial premise in the cosmological argument for the existence of God. It is likely that one reason why a number of philosophers reject the PSR is that they think there are conceptual counter-examples to it. For instance, they may think, with Peter van Inwagen, that the conjunction of all contingent propositions cannot have an explanation, or (...)
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  9. Mark T. Nelson (1996). The Principle of Sufficient Reason: A Moral Argument. Religious Studies 32 (1):15-26.score: 816.0
    The Clarke/Rowe version of the Cosmological Argument is sound only if the Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR) is true, but many philosophers, including Rowe, think that there is not adequate evidence for the principle of sufficient reason. I argue that there may be indirect evidence for PSR on the grounds that if we do not accept it, we lose our best justification for an important principle of metaethics, namely, the Principle of Universalizability. (...)
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  10. Alexander Pruss, Ex Nihilo Nihil Fit: Arguments New and Old for the Principle of Sufficient Reason Alexander R. Pruss November 1, 2002 1. Introduction. [REVIEW]score: 816.0
    “Ex nihilo nihil fit,” goes the classic adage: nothing comes from nothing. Parmenides used the Principle of Sufficient Reason to argue that there was no such thing as change: If there was change, why did it happen when it happened rather than earlier or later? “Nothing happens in vain, but everything for a reason and under necessitation,” claimed Leucippus. Saint Thomas insisted in the..
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  11. Brandon C. Look (2011). Grounding the Principle of Sufficient Reason: Leibnizian Rationalism Versus the Humean Challenge. In Carlos Fraenkel, Dario Perinetti & Justin Smith (eds.), The Rationalists: Between Tradition and Revolution. Springer. 201--219.score: 816.0
    This essay examines arguments offered in support of the Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR) by Leibniz and his followers as well as Hume's critique of the PSR. It is shown that Leibniz has a defensible argument for the PSR, whereas the arguments of his self-proclaimed followers are weak. Thus, Hume's challenge is met by Leibniz, by Wolff and Baumgarten not so much.
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  12. Brian Leftow (2003). On a Principle of Sufficient Reason. Religious Studies 39 (3):269-286.score: 816.0
    In The Metaphysics of Creation and The Metaphysics of Theism, Norman Kretzmann defends an argument for God's existence which he claims to find in Aquinas. I assess this argument's key premise, a principle of sufficient reason, that: ‘PSR2: Every existing thing has a reason for its existence either in the necessity of its own nature or in the causal efficacy of some other beings’. PSR2 requires God's nature to explain His existence. Kretzmann does not tell us (...)
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  13. Henry P. Stapp, Retrocausal Effects as a Consequence of Orthodox Quantum Mechanics Refined to Accommodate The Principle of Sufficient Reason.score: 816.0
    The principle of sufficient reason asserts that anything that happens does so for a reason: no definite state of affairs can come into being unless there is a sufficient reason why that particular thing should happen. This principle is usually attributed to Leibniz, although the first recorded Western philosopher to use it was Anaximander of Miletus. The demand that nature be rational, in the sense that it be compatible with the principle of (...)
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  14. Elmar J. Kremer (1997). The Cosmological Argument Without the Principle of Sufficient Reason. Faith and Philosophy 14 (1):62-70.score: 816.0
    We formulate a version of the Cosmological Argument that deploys an epistemic principle of explanation in place of the traditional Principle of Sufficient Reason. The epistemic principle asserts that if there is a possible explanation of a fact, and some proposition is entailed by that explanation and by every other possible explanation of that fact, it is reasonable to accept that proposition. We try to show that there is a possible explanation of the fact that (...)
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  15. Sebastian Gardner (2012). Schopenhauer's Contraction of Reason: Clarifying Kant and Undoing German Idealism. Kantian Review 17 (3):375-401.score: 756.0
    Schopenhauer's claim that the essence of the world consists in Wille encounters well-known difficulties. Of particular importance is the conflict of this metaphysical claim with his restrictive account of conceptuality. This paper attempts to make sense of Schopenhauer's position by restoring him to the context of post-Kantian debate, with special attention to the early notebooks and Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason. On the reconstruction suggested here, Schopenhauer's philosophical project should be understood in light of (...)
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  16. John Edwin Gurr (1959). The Principle of Sufficient Reason in Some Scholastic Systems, 1750-1900. Marquette University Press.score: 720.0
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  17. Arthur Schopenhauer (1891/2006). On the Principle of Sufficient Reason. Prometheus Books.score: 720.0
  18. Lois Frankel (1986). From a Metaphysical Point of View: Leibniz and the Principle of Sufficient Reason. Southern Journal of Philosophy 24 (3):321-334.score: 672.0
    The relation between leibniz's logical and his metaphysical views is the subject of much modern scholarship. Some commentators have argued that his metaphysics is based on his logic; others have taken the opposite position. However, Both sides pose the question in terms of 'priority'. On the contrary, I argue that it is likely that leibniz means the psr to play "both" a logical and a metaphysical role. The ambiguity of leibniz's psr indicates that he equates the metaphysical notion of causation (...)
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  19. Marij van Strien (2014). On the Origins and Foundations of Laplacian Determinism. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 45:24-31.score: 660.0
    In this paper I examine the foundations of Laplace's famous statement of determinism in 1814, and argue that rather than derived from his mechanics, this statement is based on general philosophical principles, namely the principle of sufficient reason and the law of continuity. It is usually supposed that Laplace's statement is based on the fact that each system in classical mechanics has an equation of motion which has a unique solution. But Laplace never proved this result, and (...)
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  20. Yitzhak Melamed (2012). The Sirens of Elea: Rationalism, Monism and Idealism in Spinoza. In Antonia Lolordo & Duncan Stewart (eds.), Debates in Early Modern Philosophy. Blackwell.score: 648.0
    The main thesis of Michael Della Rocca’s outstanding Spinoza book (Della Rocca 2008a) is that at the very center of Spinoza’s philosophy stands the Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR): the stipulation that everything must be explainable or, in other words, the rejection of any brute facts. Della Rocca rightly ascribes to Spinoza a strong version of the PSR. It is not only that the actual existence and features of all things must be explicable, but even the inexistence (...)
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  21. Martin Lin (2007). Spinoza's Arguments for the Existence of God. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 75 (2):269-297.score: 648.0
    It is often thought that, although <span class='Hi'>Spinoza</span> develops a bold and distinctive conception of God (the unique substance, or Natura Naturans, in which all else inheres and which possesses infinitely many attributes, including extension), the arguments that he offers which purport to prove God’s existence contribute nothing new to natural theology. Rather, he is seen as just another participant in the seventeenthcentury revival of the ontological argument initiated by Descartes and taken up by Malebranche and Leibniz among others. That (...)
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  22. John F. Post, How to Refute Principles of Sufficient Reason.score: 642.0
    Outlines a conceptual argument against the Principle of Sufficient reason. The argument is presented in detail in earlier work, and is based on deductive inferences from PSR's own concept of explanation. The argument shows that not everything can have an explanation of the sort claimed by PSR. So far from being a presupposition of reason itself, as some think, PSR can be refuted by reason, arguing only from PSR's own concept of explanation. Hence PSR cannot (...)
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  23. Gordon Belot (2001). The Principle of Sufficient Reason. Journal of Philosophy 98 (2):55-74.score: 636.0
    The paper is about the physical theories which result when one identifies points in phase space related by symmetries; with applications to problems concerning gauge freedom and the structure of spacetime in classical mechanics.
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  24. Daniel Whiting (2011). Spinoza, the No Shared Attribute Thesis, and the Principle of Sufficient Reason. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 19 (3):543 - 548.score: 636.0
    British Journal for the History of Philosophy, Volume 19, Issue 3, Page 543-548, May 2011.
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  25. Lloyd P. Gerson (1987). Two Criticisms of the Principle of Sufficient Reason. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 21 (3):129 - 142.score: 624.0
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  26. Jeremy Byrd (2008). A Remark on Kant's Argument From Incongruent Counterparts. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 16 (4):789 – 800.score: 624.0
    I argue that, by the time of his essay "Concerning the Ultimate Ground of the Differentiation of Directions in Space" (1768), Kant had come to question the status of the Principle of Sufficient Reason as a result, at least in part, of his recognition of the existence of incongruent counterparts. Though Kant's argument against absolute space based on the existence of incongruent counterparts has been much discussed in recent years, its importance as a useful benchmark by which (...)
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  27. Béatrice Longuenesse (2001). Kant's Deconstruction of the Principle of Sufficient Reason. The Harvard Review of Philosophy 9 (1):67-87.score: 624.0
  28. Christopher Adair-Toteff (1994). On Schopenhauer's Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason. Review of Metaphysics 47 (4):848-849.score: 624.0
  29. Ismay Barwell & Kathleen Lennon (1982). The Principle of Sufficient Reason. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 83:19 - 33.score: 624.0
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  30. Robert Wicks (1994). On Schopenhauer's "Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason" (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 32 (1):149-151.score: 624.0
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  31. John D. Caputo (1975). The Principle of Sufficient Reason: A Study of Heideggerian Self-Criticism. Southern Journal of Philosophy 13 (4):419-426.score: 624.0
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  32. L. S. F. (1960). The Principle of Sufficient Reason in Some Scholastic Systems 1750-1900. Review of Metaphysics 13 (3):530-530.score: 624.0
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  33. Antonino Drago (2012). Pluralism in Logic: The Square of Opposition, Leibniz'Principle of Sufficient Reason and Markov's Principle. In. In J.-Y. Beziau & Dale Jacquette (eds.), Around and Beyond the Square of Opposition. Birkhäuser. 175--189.score: 624.0
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  34. D. W. Hamlyn (1971). Schopenhauer on the Principle of Sufficient Reason. Royal Institute of Philosophy Lectures 5:145-162.score: 624.0
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  35. Francesco Piro (2008). For a History of Leibniz's Principle of Sufficient Reason. First Formulations and Their Historical Background. In. In Marcelo Dascal (ed.), Leibniz: What Kind of Rationalist? Springer. 463--478.score: 624.0
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  36. Christopher Weaver (2009). Explanation, Entailment, and Leibnizian Cosmological Arguments. Metaphysica 10 (1):97-108.score: 612.0
    I argue that there are Leibnizian-style cosmological arguments for the existence of God which start from very mild premises which affirm the mere possibility of a principle of sufficient reason. The utilization of such premises gives a great deal of plausibility to such types of argumentation. I spend the majority of the paper defending three major objections to such mild premises viz., a reductio argument from Peter van Inwagen and William Rowe, which proffers and defends the idea (...)
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  37. Christopher Hitchcock (2007). Prevention, Preemption, and the Principle of Sufficient Reason. Philosophical Review 116 (4):495-532.score: 612.0
  38. Martin Lin (2012). Rationalism and Necessitarianism. Noûs 46 (3):418-448.score: 612.0
    Metaphysical rationalism, the doctrine which affirms the Principle of Sufficient Reason (the PSR), is out of favor today. The best argument against it is that it appears to lead to necessitarianism, the claim that all truths are necessarily true. Whatever the intuitive appeal of the PSR, the intuitive appeal of the claim that things could have been otherwise is greater. This problem did not go unnoticed by the great metaphysical rationalists Spinoza and Leibniz. Spinoza’s response was to (...)
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  39. Rudolf Allers (1960). Heidegger on the Principle of Sufficient Reason. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 20 (3):365-373.score: 612.0
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  40. Quentin Smith (1995). A Defense of a Principle of Sufficient Reason. Metaphilosophy 26 (1‐2):97-106.score: 612.0
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  41. Kevin Davey (2007). Alexander Pruss the Principle of Sufficient Reason: A Reassessment. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006). Pp. XIII+335. £48.00 (Hbk). [REVIEW] Religious Studies 43 (4):500-503.score: 612.0
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  42. George N. Schlesinger (1995). A Pragmatic Version of the Principle of Sufficient Reason. Philosophical Quarterly 45 (181):439-459.score: 612.0
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  43. John Atwell (1994). On Schopenhauer's Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason. International Studies in Philosophy 26 (1):142-143.score: 612.0
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  44. Dale Jacquette (1992). Schopenhauer's Circle and the Principle of Sufficient Reason. Metaphilosophy 23 (3):279-287.score: 612.0
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  45. David Werther (2010). The Principle of Sufficient Reason. Faith and Philosophy 27 (1):94-98.score: 612.0
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  46. Chad Allen (1997). The Principle of Sufficient Reason and the Uncaused Beginning of the Universe. Dialogue 36 (03):555-.score: 612.0
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  47. A. Phillips Griffiths (1976). The Inaugural Address: Wittgenstein and the Four-Fold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 50:1 - 20.score: 612.0
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  48. Anthony Palmer (1996). Janus Beliefs and the Principle of Sufficient Reason. Philosophical Investigations 19 (1):87-93.score: 612.0
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  49. Dennis Vanden Auweele (2013). Arthur Schopenhauer: On the Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason and Other Writings. Edited, Introduced and Translated by David Cartwright, Edward Erdmann and Christopher Janaway. Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 66 (2):206-208.score: 612.0
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  50. Dale Jacquette (1992). FC White, On Schopenhauer's Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 12 (5):370-372.score: 612.0
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