Search results for 'Problem Solving*' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Sort by:
  1. Jim Davies, Nancy J. Nersessian & Ashok K. Goel (2005). Visual Models in Analogical Problem Solving. Foundations of Science 10 (1):133-152.score: 240.0
    Visual analogy is believed to be important in human problem solving. Yet, there are few computational models of visual analogy. In this paper, we present a preliminary computational model of visual analogy in problem solving. The model is instantiated in a computer program, called Galatea, which uses a language for representing and transferring visual information called Privlan. We describe how the computational model can account for a small slice of a cognitive-historical analysis of Maxwell’s reasoning about electromagnetism.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. M. A. van Rees (2003). Pragma-Dialectical Analysis and Evaluation of Problem-Solving Discussion. Argumentation 17 (4):465-479.score: 240.0
    In this article, after arguing that present approaches to improving problem-solving discussions for various reasons are not satisfactory, I turn to the pragma-dialectic approach to argumentative discourse to derive a normative framework that can serve as a point of departure to enhance the quality of problem-solving discussions. I then show how this approach can be used as analytical and evaluative instrument that can help the analyst to establish whether participants in actual practice act in a fashion that is (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Magda Osman (2008). Observation Can Be as Effective as Action in Problem Solving. Cognitive Science 32 (1):162-183.score: 240.0
    The present study discusses findings that replicate and extend the original work of Burns and Vollmeyer (2002), which showed that performance in problem solving tasks was more accurate when people were engaged in a non-specific goal than in a specific goal. The main innovation here was to examine the goal specificity effect under both observation-based and conventional action-based learning conditions. The findings show that goal specificity affects the accuracy of problem solving in the same way, both when the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Joseph R. Herkert (2005). Ways of Thinking About and Teaching Ethical Problem Solving: Microethics and Macroethics in Engineering. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (3):373-385.score: 240.0
    Engineering ethics entails three frames of reference: individual, professional, and social. “Microethics” considers individuals and internal relations of the engineering profession; “macroethics” applies to the collective social responsibility of the profession and to societal decisions about technology. Most research and teaching in engineering ethics, including online resources, has had a “micro” focus. Mechanisms for incorporating macroethical perspectives include: integrating engineering ethics and science, technology and society (STS); closer integration of engineering ethics and computer ethics; and consideration of the influence of (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Sadjad Soltanzadeh (forthcoming). Humanist and Nonhumanist Aspects of Technologies as Problem Solving Physical Instruments. Philosophy and Technology:1-18.score: 240.0
    A form of metaphysical humanism in the field of philosophy of technology can be defined as the claim that besides technologies’ physical aspects, purely human attributes are sufficient to conceptualize technologies. Metaphysical nonhumanism, on the other hand, would be the claim that the meanings of the operative words in any acceptable conception of technologies refer to the states of affairs or events which are in a way or another shaped by technologies. In this paper, I focus on the conception of (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Sheldene K. Simola (2010). Use of a "Coping-Modeling, Problem-Solving" Program in Business Ethics Education. Journal of Business Ethics 96 (3):383 - 401.score: 240.0
    During the last decade, scholars have identified a number of factors that pose significant challenges to effective business ethics education. This article offers a "coping-modeling, problem-solving" (CMPS) approach (Cunningham, 2006) as one option for addressing these concerns. A rationale supporting the use of the CMPS framework for courses on ethical decisionmaking in business is provided, following which the implementation processes for this program are described. Evaluative data collected from N = 101 undergraduate business students enrolled in a third year (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Dongming Xu (2010). Beyond Simon's Means-Ends Analysis: Natural Creativity and the Unanswered 'Why' in the Design of Intelligent Systems for Problem-Solving. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 20 (3):327-347.score: 240.0
    Goal-directed problem solving as originally advocated by Herbert Simon’s means-ends analysis model has primarily shaped the course of design research on artificially intelligent systems for problem-solving. We contend that there is a definite disregard of a key phase within the overall design process that in fact logically precedes the actual problem solving phase. While systems designers have traditionally been obsessed with goal-directed problem solving, the basic determinants of the ultimate desired goal state still remain to be (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Noelle M. Crooks & Martha W. Alibali (2013). Noticing Relevant Problem Features: Activating Prior Knowledge Affects Problem Solving by Guiding Encoding. Frontiers in Psychology 4:884.score: 240.0
    This study investigated whether activating elements of prior knowledge can influence how problem solvers encode and solve simple mathematical equivalence problems (e.g., 3 + 4 + 5 = 3 + _). Past work has shown that such problems are difficult for elementary school students (McNeil & Alibali, 2000). One possible reason is that children’s experiences in math classes may encourage them to think about equations in ways that are ultimately detrimental. Specifically, children learn a set of patterns that are (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. M. A. van Rees (2001). The Diagnostic Power of the Stages of Critical Discussion in the Analysis and Evaluation of Problem-Solving Discussions. Argumentation 15 (4):457-470.score: 240.0
    In this article, the pragma-dialectical model of a critical discussion is demonstrated to provide a useful instrument for discovering causes of an unsatisfactory development of problem-solving discussions. First a sketch is given of the development of a problem-solving discussion which, in the opinion of the participants themselves, developed in an unsatisfactory fashion. Then it is argued that this development can be traced back to flaws in the execution of the stages of a critical discussion.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Harold Thimbleby (1994). Designing User Interfaces for Problem Solving, with Application to Hypertext and Creative Writing. AI and Society 8 (1):29-44.score: 240.0
    Interactive computer systems can support their users in problem solving, both in Performing their work tasks and in using the systems themselves. Not only is direct support for heuristics beneficial, but to do so modifies the form of computer support provided. This Paper defines and explores the use of problem solving heuristics in user interface design.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Gianni Degli Antoni & Rita Pizzi (1991). Virtuality as a Basis for Problem Solving? AI and Society 5 (3):239-245.score: 240.0
    This paper is an attempt to develop a paradigm in problem solving where the notion of virtuality plays a central role. Following a brief discussion on virtual simulation, the paper attempts to identify a notion of virtuality based on the identification of the self (man or computer) with the problem solver. It is shown that such an identification/distinction possibly violates some general principle of the problem environment.To deal with this violation, a new problem is generated and (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. M. Agnes Rees (1995). Analysing and Evaluating Problem-Solving Discussions. Argumentation 9 (2):343-362.score: 240.0
    In this article, the conceptual instrument that pragma-dialectical argumentation theory offers is elaborated for the analysis and evaluation of problem-solving discussions. The elaboration is aimed expressly at taking into account the discussion character of the discourse, in order to show how the developing process evolves and what the obstacles are therein. In addition, it focuses expressly on the verbal behaviour of the participants and on showing how this behaviour controls the evolving process. The analysis and evaluation is based on (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Florence Jm Ruby, Jonathan Smallwood, Jerome Sackur & Tania Singer (2013). Is Self-Generated Thought a Means of Social Problem Solving? Frontiers in Psychology 4:962.score: 240.0
    Appropriate social problem solving constitutes a critical skill for individuals and may rely on processes important for self-generated thought (SGT). The aim of the current study was to investigate the link between SGT and social problem solving. Using the Means-End Problem Solving task (MEPS), we assessed participants’ abilities to resolve daily social problems in terms of overall efficiency and number of relevant means they provided to reach the given solution. We also asked participants to perform non-demanding choice (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Vincent di Norcia (2002). Diverse Knowledges and Competing Interests: An Essay on Socio-Technical Problem-Solving. Science and Engineering Ethics 8 (1):83-98.score: 234.0
    Solving complex socio-technical problems, this paper claims, involves diverse knowledges (cognitive diversity), competing interests (social diversity), and pragmatism. To explain this view, this paper first explores two different cases: Canadian pulp and paper mill pollution and siting nuclear reactors in seismically sensitive areas of California. Solving such socio-technically complex problems involves cognitive diversity as well as social diversity and pragmatism. Cognitive diversity requires one to not only recognize relevant knowledges but also to assess their validity. Finally, it is suggested, integrating (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Valeria Giardino (2010). Intuition and Visualization in Mathematical Problem Solving. Topoi 29 (1):29-39.score: 210.0
    In this article, I will discuss the relationship between mathematical intuition and mathematical visualization. I will argue that in order to investigate this relationship, it is necessary to consider mathematical activity as a complex phenomenon, which involves many different cognitive resources. I will focus on two kinds of danger in recurring to visualization and I will show that they are not a good reason to conclude that visualization is not reliable, if we consider its use in mathematical practice. Then, I (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Merim Bilalić, Peter McLeod & Fernand Gobet (2009). Specialization Effect and Its Influence on Memory and Problem Solving in Expert Chess Players. Cognitive Science 33 (6):1117-1143.score: 210.0
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. B. F. Skinner (1984). An Operant Analysis of Problem Solving. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):583.score: 210.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Gary A. Davis & Mary E. Manske (1968). Effects of Prior Serial Learning of Solution Words Upon Anagram Problem Solving: A Serial Position Effect. Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (1):101.score: 210.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. C. Dominik Güss, Ma Teresa Tuason & Christiane Gerhard (2010). Cross‐National Comparisons of Complex Problem‐Solving Strategies in Two Microworlds. Cognitive Science 34 (3):489-520.score: 210.0
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Morton W. Weir (1968). Memory and Problem Solving: A Failure to Replicate. Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (1):166.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Daniele Artistico, Angela Marinilli Pinto, Jill Douek, Justin Black & Lina Pezzuti (2013). The Value of Removing Daily Obstacles Via Everyday Problem-Solving Theory: Developing an Applied Novel Procedure to Increase Self-Efficacy for Exercise. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 210.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. T. W. Cook (1937). Amount of Material and Difficulty of Problem Solving. II. The Disc Transfer Problem. Journal of Experimental Psychology 20 (3):288.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Matthew A. Cronin (2004). A Model of Knowledge Activation and Insight in Problem Solving. Complexity 9 (5):17-24.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. R. Allen Gardner & Willard N. Runquist (1958). Acquisition and Extinction of Problem-Solving Set. Journal of Experimental Psychology 55 (3):274.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Sam Glucksberg & Robert W. Weisberg (1966). Verbal Behavior and Problem Solving: Some Effects of Labeling in a Functional Fixedness Problem. Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (5):659.score: 210.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Robert A. Goldbeck, Benjamin B. Bernstein, W. A. Hillix & Melvin H. Marx (1957). Application of the Half-Split Technique to Problem-Solving Tasks. Journal of Experimental Psychology 53 (5):330.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Kenneth R. Koedinger, Martha W. Alibali & Mitchell J. Nathan (2008). Trade‐Offs Between Grounded and Abstract Representations: Evidence From Algebra Problem Solving. Cognitive Science 32 (2):366-397.score: 210.0
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Maria Kozhevnikov, Michael A. Motes & Mary Hegarty (2007). Spatial Visualization in Physics Problem Solving. Cognitive Science 31 (4):549-579.score: 210.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Ernest H. LeMay (1972). Stimulus Generalization Variables in Anagram-Problem Solving. Journal of Experimental Psychology 93 (2):349.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Robert E. Adamson (1952). Functional Fixedness as Related to Problem Solving: A Repetition of Three Experiments. Journal of Experimental Psychology 44 (4):288.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Robert Adamson (1959). Inhibitory Set in Problem Solving as Related to Reinforcement Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 58 (4):280.score: 210.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Harry Beilin & Rheba Horn (1962). Transition Probability Effects in Anagram Problem Solving. Journal of Experimental Psychology 63 (5):514.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. Krystyna M. Cholowski & Lorna K. S. Chan (2004). Cognitive Factors in Student Nurses' Clinical Problem Solving. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10 (1):85-95.score: 210.0
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. M. S. Clites (1935). Certain Somatic Activities in Relation to Successful and Unsuccessful Problem Solving. Journal of Experimental Psychology 18 (6):708.score: 210.0
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. M. S. Clites (1936). Certain Somatic Activities in Relation to Successful and Unsuccessful Problem Solving. Part III. Journal of Experimental Psychology 19 (2):172.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. T. W. Cook (1937). The Relation Between Amount of Material and Difficulty of Problem Solving: I. Mental Addition and Subtraction. Journal of Experimental Psychology 20 (2):178.score: 210.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Gary A. Davis, Alice J. Train & Mary E. Manske (1968). Trial and Error Versus "Insightful" Problem Solving: Effects of Distraction, Additional Response Alternatives, and Longer Response Chains. Journal of Experimental Psychology 76 (3p1):337.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. Anne Doherty & Richard A. Wunderlich (1968). Effect of Secondary Reinforcement Schedules on Performance of Problem-Solving Tasks. Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (1):105.score: 210.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. John W. Donahoe (1960). The Effect of Variations in the Form of Feedback on the Efficiency of Problem Solving. Journal of Experimental Psychology 60 (3):193.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Carl P. Duncan (1963). Effect of Instructions and Information on Problem Solving. Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (4):321.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Robert M. Gagné & Ernest C. Smith Jr (1962). A Study of the Effects of Verbalization on Problem Solving. Journal of Experimental Psychology 63 (1):12.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. A. D. Grinsted (1941). Bodily Movement as Related to Problem Solving. Journal of Experimental Psychology 29 (5):370.score: 210.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. Irving Maltzman, Lloyd O. Brooks, William Bogartz & Stanley S. Summers (1958). The Facilitation of Problem Solving by Prior Exposure to Uncommon Responses. Journal of Experimental Psychology 56 (5):399.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. Lloyd Morrisett Jr & Carl I. Hovland (1959). A Comparison of Three Varieties of Training in Human Problem Solving. Journal of Experimental Psychology 58 (1):52.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. John E. Northman & Howard Ranken (1973). Selective Attention in the Effect of Labeling on Symbolic Problem Solving. Journal of Experimental Psychology 98 (1):209.score: 210.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. Margaret J. Peterson & Sonia Aller (1971). Arithmetic Problem Solving. Journal of Experimental Psychology 91 (1):93.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. Ramon J. Rhine (1957). The Effect on Problem Solving of Success or Failure as a Function of Cue Specificity. Journal of Experimental Psychology 53 (2):121.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Joseph M. Scandura (1974). Role of Higher Order Rules in Problem Solving. Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (6):984.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. Steven M. Schwartz & Daniel L. Fattaleh (1972). Representation in Deductive Problem-Solving: The Matrix. Journal of Experimental Psychology 95 (2):343.score: 210.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. Charles M. Solley & Fred W. Snyder (1958). Information Processing and Problem Solving. Journal of Experimental Psychology 55 (4):384.score: 210.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 1000