Search results for 'Processes' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Daniel M. Wegner (2005). Who is the Controller of Controlled Processes? In Ran R. Hassin, James S. Uleman & John A. Bargh (eds.), The New Unconscious. Oxford Series in Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience. Oxford University Press. 19-36.score: 24.0
    Are we the robots? This question surfaces often in current psychological re- search, as various kinds of robot parts-automatic actions, mental mechanisms, even neural circuits-keep appearing in our explanations of human behavior. Automatic processes seem responsible for a wide range of the things we do, a fact that may leave us feeling, if not fully robotic, at least a bit nonhuman. The complement of the automatic process in contemporary psychology, of course, is the controlled process (Atkinson & Shiffrin, 1968; (...)
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  2. William Hirstein & Katrina Sifferd (2011). The Legal Self: Executive Processes and Legal Theory. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (1):151-176.score: 24.0
    When laws or legal principles mention mental states such as intentions to form a contract, knowledge of risk, or purposely causing a death, what parts of the brain are they speaking about? We argue here that these principles are tacitly directed at our prefrontal executive processes. Our current best theories of consciousness portray it as a workspace in which executive processes operate, but what is important to the law is what is done with the workspace content rather than (...)
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  3. Stefan Dragulinescu (2012). The Problem of Processes and Transitions: Are Diseases Phase Kinds? [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 15 (1):79-89.score: 24.0
    In this paper I discuss a central objection against diseases being natural kinds—namely, that diseases are processes or transitions and hence they should not be conceptualized in the ‘substantish’ framework of natural kinds. I indicate that the objection hinges on conceiving disease kinds as phase kinds, in contrast to the non-phase, natural kinds of the exact sciences. I focus on somatic diseases and argue, via a representative comparison, that if disease kinds are phase kinds, then exact science kinds are (...)
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  4. Michelene T. H. Chi, Rod D. Roscoe, James D. Slotta, Marguerite Roy & Catherine C. Chase (2012). Misconceived Causal Explanations for Emergent Processes. Cognitive Science 36 (1):1-61.score: 24.0
    Studies exploring how students learn and understand science processes such as diffusion and natural selection typically find that students provide misconceived explanations of how the patterns of such processes arise (such as why giraffes’ necks get longer over generations, or how ink dropped into water appears to “flow”). Instead of explaining the patterns of these processes as emerging from the collective interactions of all the agents (e.g., both the water and the ink molecules), students often explain the (...)
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  5. Goran Svensson, Greg Wood, Jang Singh, Emily Carasco & Michael Callaghan (2009). Ethical Structures and Processes of Corporations Operating in Australia, Canada, and Sweden: A Longitudinal and Cross-Cultural Study. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 86 (4):485 - 506.score: 24.0
    Based on the 'Partnership Model of Corporate Ethics' (Wood, 2002), this study examines the ethical structures and processes that are put in place by organizations to enhance the ethical business behavior of staff. The study examines the use of these structures and processes amongst the top companies in the three countries of Australia, Canada, and Sweden over two time periods (2001–2002 and 2005–2006). Subsequendy, a combined comparative and longitudinal approach is applied in the study, which we contend is (...)
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  6. Marco Mazzone (2011). Schemata and Associative Processes in Pragmatics. Journal of Pragmatics 43 (8):2148-2159.score: 24.0
    The notion of schema has been given a major role by Recanati within his conception of primary pragmatic processes, conceived as a type of associative process. I intend to show that Recanati’s considerations on schemata may challenge the relevance theorist’s argument against associative explanations in pragmatics, and support an argument in favor of associative (versus inferential) explanations. More generally, associative relations can be shown to be schematic, that is, they have enough structure to license inferential effects without any appeal (...)
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  7. Frank van der Velde & Marc de Kamps (2002). Synchrony in the Eye of the Beholder: An Analysis of the Role of Neural Synchronization in Cognitive Processes. [REVIEW] Brain and Mind 3 (3):291-312.score: 24.0
    We discuss the role of synchrony of activationin higher-level cognitive processes. Inparticular, we analyze the question of whethersynchrony of activation provides a mechanismfor compositional representation in neuralsystems. We will argue that synchrony ofactivation does not provide a mechanism forcompositional representation in neural systems.At face value, one can identify a level ofcompositional representation in the models thatintroduce synchrony of activation for thispurpose. But behavior in these models isalways produced by means conjunctiverepresentations in the form of coincidencedetectors. Therefore, models that rely (...)
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  8. R. Bernabei, P. Belli, F. Cappella, R. Cerulli, C. J. Dai, A. D'Angelo, H. L. He, A. Incicchitti, H. H. Kuang, X. H. Ma, F. Montecchia, F. Nozzoli, D. Prosperi, X. D. Sheng & Z. P. Ye (2010). Non-Paulian Nuclear Processes in Highly Radiopure NaI(Tl): Status and Perspectives. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 40 (7):807-813.score: 24.0
    Searches for non-paulian nuclear processes, i.e. processes normally forbidden by the Pauli–Exclusion–Principle (PEP) with highly radiopure NaI(Tl) scintillators allow the test of this fundamental principle with high sensitivity. Status and perspectives are addressed.
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  9. William Hirstein (2011). The Contribution of Prefrontal Executive Processes to Creating a Sense of Self. Mens Sana Monographs 9 (1):150.score: 24.0
    According to several current theories, executive processes help achieve various mental actions such as remembering, planning and decision-making, by executing cognitive operations on representations held in consciousness. I plan to argue that these executive processes are partly responsible for our sense of self, because of the way they produce the impression of an active, controlling presence in consciousness. If we examine what philosophers have said about the "ego" (Descartes), "the Self" (Locke and Hume), the "self of all selves" (...)
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  10. Fritz Böhle (1994). Relevance of Experience-Based Work in Modern Processes. AI and Society 8 (3):207-215.score: 24.0
    The increasing use of computer-cont rolled automation systems has brought with it a bias towards a purely scientific approach to work. This tends to undermine the significance of experiential knowledge and sensory perception when working with highly automated processes. This paper argues for a recognition of the importance of subjectifying action in carrying out work practices. Without it, complex technical systems cannot be effectively operated. Moreover, the contradictory demands that arise for workers could have negative consequences in terms of (...)
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  11. Marc Jekel, Andreas Glöckner, Susann Fiedler & Arndt Bröder (2012). The Rationality of Different Kinds of Intuitive Decision Processes. Synthese 189 (S1):147-160.score: 24.0
    Whereas classic work in judgment and decision making has focused on the deviation of intuition from rationality, more recent research has focused on the performance of intuition in real-world environments. Borrowing from both approaches, we investigate to which extent competing models of intuitive probabilistic decision making overlap with choices according to the axioms of probability theory and how accurate those models can be expected to perform in real-world environments. Specifically, we assessed to which extent heuristics, models implementing weighted additive information (...)
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  12. Tom Lindstrøm (2008). Nonlinear Stochastic Integrals for Hyperfinite Lévy Processes. Logic and Analysis 1 (2):91-129.score: 24.0
    I develop a notion of nonlinear stochastic integrals for hyperfinite Lévy processes and use it to find exact formulas for expressions which are intuitively of the form $\sum_{s=0}^t\phi(\omega,dl_{s},s)$ and $\prod_{s=0}^t\psi(\omega,dl_{s},s)$ , where l is a Lévy process. These formulas are then applied to geometric Lévy processes, infinitesimal transformations of hyperfinite Lévy processes, and to minimal martingale measures. Some of the central concepts and results are closely related to those found in S. Cohen’s work on stochastic calculus for (...)
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  13. Teresa Bajo Carolina Yudes, Pedro Macizo (2011). The Influence of Expertise in Simultaneous Interpreting on Non-Verbal Executive Processes. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 24.0
    This study aimed to explore non-verbal executive processes in simultaneous interpreters. Simultaneous interpreters, bilinguals without any training in simultaneous interpreting and control monolinguals performed the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task (WCST, Experiment 1) and the Simon task (Experiment 2). Performance on WCST was thought to index cognitive flexibility while Simon task performance was considered an index of inhibitory processes. Simultaneous interpreters outperformed bilinguals and monolinguals on the WCST by showing reduced number of attempts to infer the rule, few errors (...)
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  14. Mary Rute Gomes Esperandio & Alexsander Cordeiro Lopes (2012). Juventude e religiosidade: Cartografia dos processos de subjetivação de jovens católicos em uma comunidade de fé (Youth and religiousness: mapping the subjectivation processes of the catholic youth in a community of faith). Horizonte 10 (26):476-499.score: 24.0
    Juventude e religiosidade: Cartografia dos processos de subjetivação de jovens católicos em uma comunidade de fé (Youth and religiousness: mapping the subjectivation processes of the catholic youth in a community of faith). DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2012.v10n26p476. Este estudo apresenta os resultados de uma pesquisa motivada pela constatação de que muitas subjetividades juvenis católicas do Brasil vivem uma situação de fragmentação que faz emergir distintos grupos identitários e em graves conflitos no seio das comunidades de fé. Por meio da realização de uma (...)
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  15. [deleted]Hillel Pratt Goded Shahaf (2013). Thorough Specification of the Neurophysiologic Processes Underlying Behavior and of Their Manifestation in EEG – Demonstration with the Go/No-Go Task. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 24.0
    In this work we demonstrate the principles of a systematic modeling approach of the neurophysiologic processes underlying a behavioral function. The modeling is based upon a flexible simulation tool, which enables parametric specification of the underlying neurophysiologic characteristics. While the impact of selecting specific parameters is of interest, in this work we focus on the insights, which emerge from rather accepted assumptions regarding neuronal representation. We show that harnessing of even such simple assumptions enables the derivation of significant insights (...)
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  16. Robert W. Kentridge & Charles A. Heywood (2001). Attention and Alerting: Cognitive Processes Spared in Blindsight. In Beatrice De Gelder, Edward H. F. De Haan & Charles A. Heywood (eds.), Out of Mind: Varieties of Unconscious Processes. Oxford University Press. 163-181.score: 24.0
  17. M. Oswald & Volker Gadenne (2000). Are Controlled Processes Conscious? In Walter J. Perrig & Alexander Grob (eds.), Control of Human Behavior, Mental Processes, and Consciousness: Essays in Honor of the 60th Birthday of August Flammer. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. 87--101.score: 24.0
     
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  18. Daniel Patrone & David Resnik (2011). Pandemic Ventilator Rationing and Appeals Processes. Health Care Analysis 19 (2):165-179.score: 24.0
    In a severe influenza pandemic, hospitals will likely experience serious and widespread shortages of patient pulmonary ventilators and of staff qualified to operate them. Deciding who will receive access to mechanical ventilation will often determine who lives and who dies. This prospect raises an important question whether pandemic preparedness plans should include some process by which individuals affected by ventilator rationing would have the opportunity to appeal adverse decisions. However, the issue of appeals processes to ventilator rationing decisions has (...)
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  19. Marie-Louise Risgaard, Pia Frederiksen & Pernille Kaltoft (2007). Socio-Cultural Processes Behind the Differential Distribution of Organic Farming in Denmark: A Case Study. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 24 (4):445-459.score: 24.0
    Conversion to organic farming, along with its associated driving forces and barriers, has been explored intensively over the past decade, while studies on the distribution and impacts of local socio-cultural processes in relation to conversion to and diffusion of organic farming have been scarce. The concentration of organic farms in Denmark differs according to county and, moreover, there appears to be large within-county variation in the density of organic farms. The present study explores local aspects of conversion to organic (...)
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  20. Abraham Rudnick (2007). Processes and Pitfalls of Dialogical Bioethics. Health Care Analysis 15 (2):123-135.score: 24.0
    Bioethics uses various theories, methods and institutions for its decision-making. Lately, a dialogical, i.e., dialogue-based, approach has been argued for in bioethics. The aim of this paper is to explore some of the decision-making processes that may be involved in this dialogical approach, as well as related pitfalls that may have to be addressed in order for this approach to be helpful, particularly in clinical ethics. Using informal logic, an analysis is presented of the notion of dialogue and of (...)
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  21. Fayme Yeates, Andy J. Wills, Fergal W. Jones & Ian P. L. McLaren (2014). State‐Trace Analysis: Dissociable Processes in a Connectionist Network? Cognitive Science 38 (8):n/a-n/a.score: 24.0
    Some argue the common practice of inferring multiple processes or systems from a dissociation is flawed . One proposed solution is state-trace analysis , which involves plotting, across two or more conditions of interest, performance measured by either two dependent variables, or two conditions of the same dependent measure. The resulting analysis is considered to provide evidence that either a single process underlies performance or there is evidence for more than one process . This article reports simulations using the (...)
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  22. Jerome A. Shaffer (1961). Could Mental States Be Brain Processes? Journal of Philosophy 58 (December):813-22.score: 21.0
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  23. René Zeelenberg, Gijs Plomp & Jeroen G. W. Raaijmakers (2003). Can False Memories Be Created Through Nonconscious Processes? Consciousness and Cognition 12 (3):403-412.score: 21.0
    Presentation times of study words presented in the Deese/Roediger and McDermott (DRM) paradigm varied from 20 to 2000 ms per word in an attempt to replicate the false memory effect following extremely short presentations reported by . Both in a within-subjects design (Experiment 1) and in a between-subjects design (Experiment 2) subjects showed memory for studied words as well as a false memory effect for related critical lures in the 2000-ms condition. However, in the conditions with shorter presentation times (20 (...)
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  24. J. J. C. Smart (1961). Further Remarks on Sensations and Brain Processes. Philosophical Review 70 (July):406-407.score: 21.0
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  25. M. C. Bradley (1963). Sensations, Brain-Processes, and Colours. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 41 (December):385-93.score: 21.0
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  26. Robert C. Coburn (1963). Shaffer on the Identity of Mental States and Brain Processes. Journal of Philosophy 60 (February):89-92.score: 21.0
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  27. John Heil (1970). Sensations, Experiences, and Brain Processes. Philosophy 45 (July):221-6.score: 21.0
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  28. J. Feinstein, M. Stein, G. Castillo & M. Paulus (2004). From Sensory Processes to Conscious Perception. Consciousness and Cognition 13 (2):323-335.score: 21.0
  29. Joseph P. Forgas, Kipling D. Williams & Simon M. Laham (eds.) (2004). Social Motivation: Conscious and Unconscious Processes. Cambridge University Press.score: 21.0
    Ground-breaking research by leading international researchers on the nature, functions and characteristics of social motivation.
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  30. Jeroen G. W. Raaijmakers & René Zeelenberg (2004). Evaluating the Evidence for Nonconscious Processes in Producing False Memories. Consciousness and Cognition 13 (1):169-172.score: 21.0
  31. Irene Roozen, Patrick De Pelsmacker & Frank Bostyn (2001). The Ethical Dimensions of Decision Processes of Employees. Journal of Business Ethics 33 (2):87 - 99.score: 21.0
    The influence of stakeholders, organisational commitment, personal values, goals of the organisation and socio-demographic characteristics of individuals on the ethical dimension of behavioural intentions of employees in various organisations are investigated. The research results show that employees working for the public sector or in educational institutions take more ethical aspects into account than employees working in the "private" sector. The influence of stakeholders and organisational commitment do not significantly affect the ethical behaviour of employees, and only some personal values and (...)
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  32. Bruno G. Breitmeyer, Haluk Ogmen & Jian Chen (2004). Unconscious Priming by Color and Form: Different Processes and Levels. Consciousness and Cognition 13 (1):138-157.score: 21.0
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  33. David A. Gallo & John G. Seamon (2004). Are Nonconscious Processes Sufficient to Produce False Memories? Consciousness and Cognition 13 (1):158-168.score: 21.0
  34. Joseph Margolis (1965). Brain Processes and Sensations. Theoria 31 (2):133-38.score: 21.0
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  35. Bruce L. Brown, Dawson W. Hedges & Edwin E. Gantt (2008). Brain Processes and Holistic Isomorphism: Moving Toward a Humanistic Neuroscience. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 28 (2):356-374.score: 21.0
  36. Joseph M. Notterman (2000). Note on Reductionism in Cognitive Psychology: Reification of Cognitive Processes Into Mind, Mind-Brain Equivalence, and Brain-Computer Analogy. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 20 (2):116-121.score: 21.0
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  37. Ralph Stacey (2005). Affects and Cognition in a Social Theory of Unconscious Processes. Group Analysis 38 (1):159-176.score: 21.0
  38. Warren Mansell (2000). Conscious Appraisal and the Modification of Automatic Processes in Anxiety. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy 28 (2):99-120.score: 21.0
  39. María G. Navarro (2010). Intelligent Environments and the Challenge of Inferential Processes. Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 72 (2):309-326.score: 21.0
  40. John J. Furedy & Karl Schiffman (1973). Concurrent Measurement of Autonomic and Cognitive Processes in a Test of the Traditional Discriminative Control Procedure for Pavlovian Electrodermal Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 100 (1):210.score: 21.0
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  41. Joyce Apsel (2009). The Complexity of Destruction in Darfur: Historical Processes and Regional Dynamics. [REVIEW] Human Rights Review 10 (2):239-259.score: 21.0
    This paper analyzes the complex historical and regional factors that contribute to the escalation of destruction from 2003 on in Darfur. Darfur is not an isolated case that suddenly erupted in violence. It is the most recent case in a long history of repeated violations by the Sudanese state against its citizens. From the use of proxy militias (the Janjaweed) to signing peace agreements that fragment and weaken the opposition, destruction in Darfur continues government strategies of divide and rule. At (...)
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  42. Katharine I. Blick (1969). Decision and Decay Processes in the Short-Term Memory for Length. Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (2):224.score: 21.0
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  43. E. A. Haggard (1943). Experimental Studies in Affective Processes: I. Some Effects of Cognitive Structure and Active Participation on Certain Autonomic Reactions During and Following Experimentally Induced Stress. Journal of Experimental Psychology 33 (4):257.score: 21.0
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  44. Allen L. Pinkus & Kenneth R. Laughery (1970). Recoding and Grouping Processes in Short-Term Memory: Effects of Subject-Paced Presentation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 85 (3):335.score: 21.0
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  45. H. B. Reed (1916). The Existence and Function of Inner Speech in Thought Processes. Journal of Experimental Psychology 1 (5):365.score: 21.0
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  46. [deleted]Eduard Brandstätter (2011). On the Stability of Choice Processes. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 21.0
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  47. Henry C. Ellis & Terry C. Daniel (1971). Verbal Processes in Long-Term Stimulus-Recognition Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 90 (1):18.score: 21.0
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  48. Michael J. Guralnick (1972). Observing Responses and Decision Processes in Vigilance. Journal of Experimental Psychology 93 (2):239.score: 21.0
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  49. Ralph Norman Haber (1965). Effect of Prior Knowledge of the Stimulus on Word-Recognition Processes. Journal of Experimental Psychology 69 (3):282.score: 21.0
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  50. E. A. Haggard (1945). Experimental Studies in Affective Processes: II. On the Quantification and Evaluation of 'Measured' Changes in Skin Resistance. Journal of Experimental Psychology 35 (1):46.score: 21.0
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