Search results for 'Production' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Gavin Keeney (2011). &Quot;else-Where&Quot;: Essays in Art, Architecture, and Cultural Production 2002-2011. Cambridge Scholars Publishing.score: 24.0
    “Else-where” is a synoptic survey of the representational values given to art, architecture, and cultural production from 2002 through 2011. Written primarily as a critique of what is suppressed in architecture and what is disclosed in art, the essays are informed by the passage out of post-structuralism and its disciplinary analogues toward the real Real (denoted over the course of the studies as the “Real-Irreal” or “Else-where”). While architecture nominally addresses an environmental ethos, it also famously negotiates its own (...)
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  2. Wujin Yu (2009). Marx's Ontology of the Praxis-Relations of Social Production. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 4 (3):400-416.score: 24.0
    For a long time, under the influence of traditional Western philosophy, Orthodox interpreters have distorted Marx’s philosophy as the ontology of matter, thereby concealing the essence of Marx’s philosophy, and eliminating the fundamental difference between Marx’s philosophy and traditional philosophy. This paper proposes that Marx’s philosophy is not the ontology of matter, but on the contrary, by examining the ontology of matter, Marx put forward his own ontological theory, i.e., the ontology of the praxis-relations of social production, by which (...)
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  3. Anders Nordgren (2012). Ethical Issues in Mitigation of Climate Change: The Option of Reduced Meat Production and Consumption. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (4):563-584.score: 24.0
    In this paper I discuss ethical issues related to mitigation of climate change. In particular, I focus on mitigation of climate change to the extent this change is caused by livestock production. I support the view—on which many different ethical approaches converge—that the present generation has a moral obligation to mitigate climate change for the benefit of future generations and that developed countries should take the lead in the process. Moreover, I argue that since livestock production is an (...)
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  4. Andrew Chitty (1998). Recognition and Social Relations of Production. Historical Materialism 2 (1):57-98.score: 24.0
    This article presents a new interpretation of the concept of social relations of production in Marx. Against G.A. Cohen, it argues that social relations of production are relations of interaction between persons, not relations of de facto control between persons and means of production. It argues further that these relations are relations of 'de facto recognition', that is, relations constituted by actions in which individuals treat each other as if they recognised each other in certain ways, whether (...)
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  5. JT Paasch (2011). Are the Father and Son Different in Kind? Scotus and Ockham on Different Kinds of Things, Univocal and Equivocal Production, and Subordination in the Trinity. Vivarium 48 (3-4):302-326.score: 24.0
    In this paper, I examine how Scotus and Ockham try to solve the following problem. If different kinds of constituents contribute some difference in kind to the things they constitute, then the divine Father and Son should be different in kind because they are constituted by at least some constituents that are different in kind (namely, fatherhood and sonship). However, if the Father and Son are different in kind, the Son's production will be equivocal, and equivocal products are typically (...)
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  6. Phyllis Illari (2011). Why Theories of Causality Need Production : An Information Transmission Account. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Technology 24 (2):95-114.score: 24.0
    In this paper, I examine the comparatively neglected intuition of production regarding causality. I begin by examining the weaknesses of current production accounts of causality. I then distinguish between giving a good production account of causality and a good account of production. I argue that an account of production is needed to make sense of vital practices in causal inference. Finally, I offer an information transmission account of production based on John Collier’s work that (...)
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  7. Peter J. Li (2009). Exponential Growth, Animal Welfare, Environmental and Food Safety Impact: The Case of China's Livestock Production. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (3):217-240.score: 24.0
    Developmental states are criticized for rapid “industrialization without enlightenment.” In the last 30 years, China’s breathtaking growth has been achieved at a high environmental and food safety cost. This article, utilizing a recent survey of China’s livestock industry, illustrates the initiating role of China’s developmental state in the exponential expansion of the country’s livestock production. The enthusiastic response of the livestock industry to the many state policy incentives has made China the world’s biggest animal farming nation. Shortage of meat (...)
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  8. Micah B. Goldwater, Marc T. Tomlinson, Catharine H. Echols & Bradley C. Love (2011). Structural Priming as Structure-Mapping: Children Use Analogies From Previous Utterances to Guide Sentence Production. Cognitive Science 35 (1):156-170.score: 24.0
    What mechanisms underlie children’s language production? Structural priming—the repetition of sentence structure across utterances—is an important measure of the developing production system. We propose its mechanism in children is the same as may underlie analogical reasoning: structure-mapping. Under this view, structural priming is the result of making an analogy between utterances, such that children map semantic and syntactic structure from previous to future utterances. Because the ability to map relationally complex structures develops with age, younger children are less (...)
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  9. John Rossi & Samual A. Garner (2014). Industrial Farm Animal Production: A Comprehensive Moral Critique. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 27 (3):479-522.score: 24.0
    Over the past century, animal agriculture in the United States has transformed from a system of small, family farms to a largely industrialized model—often known as ‘industrial farm animal production’ (IFAP). This model has successfully produced a large supply of cheap meat, eggs and dairy products, but at significant costs to animal welfare, the environment, the risk of zoonotic disease, the economic and social health of rural communities, and overall food abundance. Over the past 40 years, numerous critiques of (...)
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  10. Moreno I. Coco & Frank Keller (2012). Scan Patterns Predict Sentence Production in the Cross-Modal Processing of Visual Scenes. Cognitive Science 36 (7):1204-1223.score: 24.0
    Most everyday tasks involve multiple modalities, which raises the question of how the processing of these modalities is coordinated by the cognitive system. In this paper, we focus on the coordination of visual attention and linguistic processing during speaking. Previous research has shown that objects in a visual scene are fixated before they are mentioned, leading us to hypothesize that the scan pattern of a participant can be used to predict what he or she will say. We test this hypothesis (...)
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  11. Kees van Deemter, Albert Gatt, Roger P. G. van Gompel & Emiel Krahmer (2012). Toward a Computational Psycholinguistics of Reference Production. Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (2):166-183.score: 24.0
    This article introduces the topic ‘‘Production of Referring Expressions: Bridging the Gap between Computational and Empirical Approaches to Reference’’ of the journal Topics in Cognitive Science. We argue that computational and psycholinguistic approaches to reference production can benefit from closer interaction, and that this is likely to result in the construction of algorithms that differ markedly from the ones currently known in the computational literature. We focus particularly on determinism, the feature of existing algorithms that is perhaps most (...)
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  12. Clément Vidal (2012). Two Purposes of Black Hole Production. Foundations of Science 17 (1):13-15.score: 24.0
    Crane envisions the speculative conjecture that intelligent civilizations might want and be able to produce black holes in the very far future. He implicitly suggests two main purposes of this enterprise: (i) energy production and (ii) universe production. We discuss those two options. The commentary is obviously highly speculative and should be read accordingly.
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  13. Henrik Lerner, Bo Algers, Stefan Gunnarsson & Anders Nordgren (2013). Stakeholders on Meat Production, Meat Consumption and Mitigation of Climate Change: Sweden as a Case. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (3):663-678.score: 24.0
    In this paper we analyse and discuss the views of Swedish stakeholders on how to mitigate climate change to the extent it is caused by meat production. The stakeholders include meat producer organisations, governmental agencies with direct influence on meat production, political parties as well as non-governmental organisations. Representatives of twelve organisations were interviewed. Several organisations argued against the mitigation option of reducing beef production despite the higher greenhouse gas intensity of beef compared to pork and chicken (...)
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  14. John Quiggin (2001). Production Under Uncertainty and Choice Under Uncertainty in the Emergence of Generalized Expected Utility Theory. Theory and Decision 51 (2/4):125-144.score: 24.0
    This paper presents a personal view of the interaction between the analysis of choice under uncertainty and the analysis of production under uncertainty. Interest in the foundations of the theory of choice under uncertainty was stimulated by applications of expected utility theory such as the Sandmo model of production under uncertainty. This interest led to the development of generalized models including rank-dependent expected utility theory. In turn, the development of generalized expected utility models raised the question of whether (...)
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  15. Cristina Baus, Kristof Strijkers & Albert Costa (2013). When Does Word Frequency Influence Written Production? Frontiers in Psychology 4:963.score: 24.0
    The aim of the present study was to explore the central (e.g., lexical processing) and peripheral processes (motor preparation and execution) underlying word production during typewriting. To do so, we tested non-professional typers in a picture typing task while continuously recording EEG. Participants were instructed to write (by means of a standard keyboard) the corresponding name for a given picture. The lexical frequency of the words was manipulated: half of the picture names were of high-frequency while the remaining were (...)
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  16. M. G. Mceachern & M. J. A. Schröder (2002). The Role of Livestock Production Ethics in Consumer Values Towards Meat. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 15 (2):221-237.score: 24.0
    This study examines the specificvalues held by consumers towards organic andconventionally produced meat, with particularreference to moral issues surrounding foodanimal production. A quota sample of 30 femalesfrom both a rural and an urban area of Scotland(UK), were interviewed. Overall, there was lowcommitment towards the purchase of organicmeats and little concern for ethical issues.Price and product appearance were the primarymeat selection criteria, the latter being usedas a predictor of eating quality. Manyattitude-behavior anomalies were identified,mainly as a result of respondents' cognitivedissonance (...)
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  17. Yan Jing Wu & Guillaume Thierry (2011). Event-Related Brain Potential Investigation of Preparation for Speech Production in Late Bilinguals. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 24.0
    It has been debated how bilinguals select the intended language and prevent interference from the unintended language when speaking. Here, we studied the nature of the mental representations accessed by late fluent bilinguals during a rhyming judgment task relying on covert speech production. We recorded event-related brain potentials in Chinese-English bilinguals and monolingual speakers of English while they indicated whether the names of pictures presented on a screen rhymed. Whether bilingual participants focussed on rhyming selectively in English or Chinese, (...)
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  18. Peter Indefrey (2011). The Spatial and Temporal Signatures of Word Production Components: A Critical Update. Frontiers in Psychology 2:255.score: 24.0
    In the first decade of neurocognitive word production research the predominant approach was brain mapping, i.e. investigating the regional cerebral brain activation patterns correlated with word production tasks, such as picture naming and word generation. Indefrey and Levelt (2004) conducted a comprehensive meta-analysis of word production studies that used this approach and combined the resulting spatial information on neural correlates of component processes of word production with information on the time course of word production provided (...)
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  19. Albert Costa Kristof Strijkers (2012). The Neurocognition of Language Production: Introduction to the Special Topic. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 24.0
    The Neurocognition of Language Production: Introduction to the Special Topic.
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  20. Anne Marcovich & Terry Shinn (2012). Regimes of Science Production and Diffusion: Towards a Transverse Organization of Knowledge. Scientiae Studia 10 (SPE):33-64.score: 24.0
    This article is a contribution to the critical sociology of science perspective introduced and developed by Pierre Bourdieu. The paper proposes a transversalist theory of science and technology production and diffusion. It is here argued that science and technology are comprised of multiple regimes where each regime is historically grounded, possesses its own division of labour, modes of cognitive and artifact production and has specific audiences. The major regimes include the disciplinary regime, utilitarian regime, transitory regime and research-technology (...)
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  21. Michael Ramscar & Harald Baayen (2013). Production, Comprehension, and Synthesis: A Communicative Perspective on Language. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 24.0
    Production, comprehension, and synthesis: a communicative perspective on language.
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  22. Mairéad MacSweeney Cathy J. Price, Jenny T. Crinion (2011). A Generative Model of Speech Production in Broca's and Wernicke's Areas. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 24.0
    Speech production involves the generation of an auditory signal from the articulators and vocal tract. When the intended auditory signal does not match the produced sounds, subsequent articulatory commands can be adjusted to reduce the difference between the intended and produced sounds. This requires an internal model of the intended speech output that can be compared to the produced speech. The aim of this functional imaging study was to identify brain activation related to the internal model of speech (...) after activation related to vocalisation, auditory feedback and movement in the articulators had been controlled. There were four conditions: silent articulation of speech, non-speech mouth movements, finger tapping and visual fixation. In the speech conditions, participants produced the mouth movements associated with the words “one” and “three”. We eliminated auditory feedback from the spoken output by instructing participants to articulate these words without producing any sound. The non-speech mouth movement conditions involved lip pursing and tongue protrusions to control for movement in the articulators. The main difference between our speech and non-speech mouth movement conditions is that prior experience producing speech sounds leads to the automatic and covert generation of auditory and phonological associations that may play a role in predicting auditory feedback. We found that, relative to non-speech mouth movements, silent speech activated Broca's area in the left dorsal pars opercularis and Wernicke's area in the left posterior superior temporal sulcus. We discuss these results in the context of a generative model of speech production and propose that Broca’s and Wernicke’s areas may be involved in predicting the speech output that follows articulation. These predictions could provide a mechanism by which rapid movement of the articulators is precisely matched to the intended speech outputs during future articulations. (shrink)
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  23. Lesya Y. Ganushchak, Ingrid K. Christoffels & Niels O. Schiller (2011). The Use of Electroencephalography in Language Production Research: A Review. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 24.0
    Speech production long avoided electrophysiological experiments due to the suspicion that potential artifacts caused by muscle activity of overt speech may lead to a bad signal-to-noise ratio in the measurements. Therefore, researchers have sought to assess speech production by using indirect speech production tasks, such as tacit or implicit naming, delayed naming, or metalinguistic tasks, such as phoneme monitoring. Covert speech may, however, involve different processes than overt speech production. Recently, overt speech has been investigated using (...)
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  24. Egbert Kanis, Ab F. Groen & Karel H. De Greef (2003). Societal Concerns About PORK and PORK Production and Their Relationships to the Production System. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 16 (2):137-162.score: 24.0
    Pork producers in Western Europe moreand more encounter a variety of societalconcerns about pork and pork production. Sofar, however, producers predominantly focusedon low consumer prices, therewith addressingjust one concern. This resulted in an intensiveand large-scale production system, decreasinglyrelated to the area of farm land, andaccompanied with increasing concerns aboutsafety and healthiness of pork, animal welfare,environmental pollution, and others.An overview was given of possible concernsabout West-European pork production with theconsumers, citizens, and producers, and thoseconcerns are traced back to (...)
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  25. Maryellen C. MacDonald (2013). How Language Production Shapes Language Form and Comprehension. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 24.0
    Language production processes can provide insight into how language comprehension works and language typology—why languages tend to have certain characteristics more often than others. Drawing on work in memory retrieval, motor planning, and serial order in action planning, the Production-Distribution-Comprehension (PDC) account links work in the fields of language production, typology, and comprehension: 1) faced with substantial computational burdens of planning and producing utterances, language producers implicitly follow three biases in utterance planning that promote word order choices (...)
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  26. Gregory Scontras, William Badecker, Lisa Shank, Eunice Lim & Evelina Fedorenko (2014). Syntactic Complexity Effects in Sentence Production. Cognitive Science 38 (8).score: 24.0
    Syntactic complexity effects have been investigated extensively with respect to comprehension . According to one prominent class of accounts , certain structures cause comprehension difficulty due to their scarcity in the language. But why are some structures less frequent than others? In two elicited-production experiments we investigated syntactic complexity effects in relative clauses and wh-questions varying in whether or not they contained non-local dependencies. In both experiments, we found reliable durational differences between subject-extracted structures and object-extracted structures : Participants (...)
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  27. Caitlin Hilliard T. Florian Jaeger, Katrina Furth (2012). Incremental Phonological Encoding During Unscripted Sentence Production. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 24.0
    We investigate phonological encoding during unscripted sentence production, focusing on the effect of phonological overlap on phonological encoding. Previous work on this question has almost exclusively employed isolated word production or highly scripted multiword production. These studies have led to conflicting results: some studies found that phonological overlap between two words facilitates phonological encoding, while others found inhibitory effects. One worry with many of these paradigms is that they involve processes that are not typical to everyday language (...)
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  28. Christoph Scheepers Andriy Myachykov, Dominic Thompson, Simon Garrod (2011). Referential and Visual Cues to Structural Choice in Visually Situated Sentence Production. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 24.0
    We investigated how conceptually informative (referent preview) and conceptually uninformative (pointer to referent’s location) visual cues affect structural choice during English transitive sentence production. Cueing the Agent or the Patient prior to presenting the target event reliably predicted the likelihood of selecting this referent as the sentential Subject, triggering, correspondingly, the choice between active and passive voice. Importantly, there was no difference in the magnitude of the general Cueing effect between the informative and uninformative cueing conditions, suggesting that attentionally (...)
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  29. Rasha Abdel Rahman Arne Ewald, Sabrina Aristei, Guido Nolte (2012). Brain Oscillations and Functional Connectivity During Overt Language Production. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 24.0
    In the present study we investigate the communication of different large scale brain sites during an overt language production task with state of the art methods for the estimation of EEG functional connectivity. Participants performed a semantic blocking task in which objects were named in semantically homogeneous blocks of trials consisting of members of a semantic category (e.g., all objects are tools) or in heterogeneous blocks, consisting of unrelated objects. The classic pattern of slower naming times in the homogeneous (...)
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  30. Terence J. Centner (2004). Developing Institutions to Encourage the Use of Animal Wastes as Production Inputs. Agriculture and Human Values 21 (4):367-375.score: 24.0
    Animal feeding operations have come under increased scrutiny as sources of water pollution. Due to the concentration of animals at individual locations and in certain regions, the local environment may not be able to use all of the nutrients contained in the manure. Particularly, problematic are waters being impaired by nitrogen and phosphorus from animal manure. Since federal and state regulations have not been totally successful in precluding water contamination from manure nutrients, scientists and policymakers might seek ways to encourage (...)
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  31. Marcia Dutra de Barcellos, Klaus G. Grunert, Yanfeng Zhou, Wim Verbeke, F. J. A. Perez-Cueto & Athanasios Krystallis (2013). Consumer Attitudes to Different Pig Production Systems: A Study From Mainland China. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 30 (3):443-455.score: 24.0
    In many countries consumers have shown an increasing interest to the way in which food products are being produced. This study investigates Chinese consumers’ attitudes towards different pig production systems by means of a conjoint analysis. While there has been a range of studies on Western consumers’ attitudes to various forms of food production, little is known about the level of Chinese consumers’ attitudes. A cross-sectional survey was carried out with 472 participants in 6 Chinese cities. Results indicate (...)
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  32. Ellen Desjardins, Rod MacRae & Theresa Schumilas (2010). Linking Future Population Food Requirements for Health with Local Production in Waterloo Region, Canada. Agriculture and Human Values 27 (2):129-140.score: 24.0
    Regional planning for improved agricultural capacity to supply produce, legumes, and whole grains has the potential to improve population health as well as the local food economy. This case study of Waterloo Region (WR), Canada, had two objectives. First, we estimate the quantity of locally grown vegetables, fruits, legumes, and whole grains needed to help meet the Region of Waterloo population’s optimal nutritional requirements currently and in 2026. Secondly, we estimate how much of these healthy food requirements for the WR (...)
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  33. Tohru Ihara & Jie Zhu (2003). The General Idea and Usage of Manufacturing Knowledge Data-Contained Differences of Production Culture. AI and Society 17 (3-4):256-265.score: 24.0
    Activities of product design and manufacturing are carried out on a worldwide scale. Operations like outsourcing and fabless manufacturing occur frequently in both design and manufacturing processes to stimulate outbreaks of the abovementioned phenomena. In this situation, manufacturing knowledge data, that have been collected and used only by the same enterprise in the same place and within the same ethnic group up to now, are not sufficient or precise enough for making a plan of ongoing manufacturing. This paper tries to (...)
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  34. [deleted]Anne-Lise Jouen, Willem B. Verwey, Jurjen Van Der Helden, Christian Scheiber, Remi Neveu, Peter Ford Dominey & Jocelyne Ventre-Dominey (2013). Discrete Sequence Production With and Without a Pause: The Role of Cortex, Basal Ganglia and Cerebellum. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 24.0
    Our sensorimotor experience unfolds in sequences over time. We hypothesize that the processing of movement sequences with and without a temporal pause will recruit distinct but cooperating neural processes, including cortico-striatal and cortico-cerebellar networks. We thus compare neural activity during sequence learning in the presence and absence of this pause. Young volunteer participants learned sensorimotor sequences using the discrete sequence production (DSP) task, with Pause, No-Pause and Control sequences of four elements in an event related fMRI protocol. The No-Pause (...)
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  35. Phillip J. Holcomb Kristof Strijkers, Yen Na Yum, Jonathan Grainger (2011). Early Goal-Directed Top-Down Influences in the Production of Speech. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 24.0
    It was recently reported that the conscious intention to produce speech affects the speed with which lexical information is retrieved upon presentation of an object (Strijkers, Holcomb & Costa, under review). The goal of the present study was to elaborate further on the role of these top-down influences in language production. In an ERP setting participants were required to overtly name pictures and words in one block of trials, while categorizing the same stimuli in another block of trials. The (...)
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  36. Vonne Lund, Sven Hemlin & William Lockeretz (2002). Organic Livestock Production as Viewed by Swedish Farmers and Organic Initiators. Agriculture and Human Values 19 (3):255-268.score: 24.0
    Eleven organic and two conventionalSwedish livestock farmers and two initiators(non-farmers who took part in shaping earlyorganic livestock production in Sweden) wereinterviewed, using a semi-structured method.Respondents were selected through purposive andheterogeneous sampling with regard toconversion year, type of production, and sizeof farm. Conversion of the animal husbandrytook place between 1974 and 2000. All but twohad positive attitudes towards organiclivestock production and saw it as a wayforward for Swedish livestock production,although especially the latecomers did notperceive it as the (...)
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  37. Joanne Millar & John Connell (2010). Strategies for Scaling Out Impacts From Agricultural Systems Change: The Case of Forages and Livestock Production in Laos. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 27 (2):213-225.score: 24.0
    Scaling out and up are terms increasingly being used to describe a desired expansion of beneficial impacts from agricultural research and rural development. This paper explores strategies for scaling out production and livelihood impacts from proven technologies. We draw on a case study of forages and livestock production in Laos, a Southeast Asian country undergoing rapid economic and agricultural change. A facilitated learning environment stimulated farmers to adapt forages, livestock housing, and animal health practices to their own situations (...)
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  38. Cathy J. Price Mohamed L. Seghier (2012). Functional Heterogeneity Within the Default Network During Semantic Processing and Speech Production. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 24.0
    This fMRI study investigated the functional heterogeneity of the core nodes of the default mode network (DMN) during language processing. The core nodes of the DMN were defined as task-induced deactivations over multiple tasks in 94 healthy subjects. We used a factorial design that manipulated different tasks (semantic matching or speech production) and stimuli (familiar words and objects or unfamiliar stimuli), alternating with periods of fixation/rest. Our findings revealed several consistent effects in the DMN, namely less deactivations in the (...)
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  39. Dai Peters, Nguyen Thi Tinh, Mai Thach Hoan, Nguyen The Yen, Pham Ngoc Thach & Keith Fuglie (2005). Rural Income Generation Through Improving Crop-Based Pig Production Systems in Vietnam: Diagnostics, Interventions, and Dissemination. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 22 (1):73-85.score: 24.0
    Sweetpotato-pig production is an important system that generates income, utilizes unmarketable crops, and provides manure for soil fertility maintenance. This system is widely practiced from Asia to Africa, with many local variations. Within this system, pigs are generally fed a low nutrient-dense diet, yielding low growth rates and low economic efficiency. Our project in Vietnam went through a process of situation analysis, participatory technology development (PTD), and scaling up over a seven-year period to improve sweetpotato-pig production and to (...)
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  40. [deleted]Vitória Piai, Ardi Roelofs, Daniel J. Acheson & Atsuko Takashima (2013). Attention for Speaking: Domain-General Control From the Anterior Cingulate Cortex in Spoken Word Production. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7:832.score: 24.0
    Accumulating evidence suggests that some degree of attentional control is required to regulate and monitor processes underlying speaking. Although progress has been made in delineating the neural substrates of the core language processes involved in speaking, substrates associated with regulatory and monitoring processes have remained relatively underspecified. We report the results of an fMRI study examining the neural substrates related to performance in three attention-demanding tasks varying in the amount of linguistic processing: vocal picture naming while ignoring distractors (picture-word interference, (...)
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  41. Ronald Rich (2008). Fecal Free: Biology and Authority in Industrialized Midwestern Pork Production. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 25 (1):79-93.score: 24.0
    Ethnographically, “fecal free” is a lexical marker that invokes a form of industrialized swine husbandry used in large-scale confinement hog production. Using participant observation and interview research with Illinois contract hog producers, I explore the basis of this husbandry in the biological fragility of confinement hogs. Rather than biology being a simplistic “state of nature,” as it was in early neo-Marxist and populist studies of the 1970s, the frailty of confinement hogs suggests that industrial hog biology is a socially (...)
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  42. Marc Sato, Krystyna Grabski, Maëva Garnier, Lionel Granjon, Jean-Luc L. Schwartz & Noël Nguyen (2013). Converging Toward a Common Speech Code: Imitative and Perceptuo-Motor Recalibration Processes in Speech Production. Frontiers in Psychology 4:422.score: 24.0
    Auditory and somatosensory systems play a key role in speech motor control. In the act of speaking, segmental speech movements are programmed to reach phonemic sensory goals, which in turn are used to estimate actual sensory feedback in order to further control production. The adult's tendency to automatically imitate a number of acoustic-phonetic characteristics in another speaker's speech however suggests that speech production not only relies on the intended phonemic sensory goals and actual sensory feedback but also on (...)
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  43. Javier Roberto Suárez González (2010). The movement from the paradigm of production to the paradigm of language in Habermas's critical theory of society. [Spanish]. Eidos 13:96-129.score: 24.0
    Normal 0 21 false false false ES-CO X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 My aim in this paper is first to develop the question raised by Habermas concerning the possibilities of a history of philosophy oriented to praxis. This line of analysis will let see the internal connection between theory and praxis within the framework of a materialistic understanding of philosophy. Secondly, I will show how this question becomes a reconstruction of historical materialism in the context of an analysis of the processes which (...)
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  44. Frédéric Vallée-Tourangeau & Miles Wrightman (2010). Interactive Skills and Individual Differences in a Word Production Task. AI and Society 25 (4):433-439.score: 24.0
    In attempting to solve a wide variety of tasks, people naturally seek to modify their external environment such that the physical space in which they work is more amenable or ‘congenial’ to achieving a desired outcome. Attempts to determine the effectiveness of certain artifacts or spatial reorganizations in aiding reasoners solve problems must be relativised to the difficulty of the task and the cognitive abilities of the reasoners. These factors were examined using a simple word production task with letter (...)
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  45. Jennifer E. Arnold (2013). Information Status Relates to Production, Distribution, and Comprehension. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 24.0
    Information status relates to production, distribution, and comprehension.
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  46. [deleted]Michael Butler Jr (2013). Operationalizing Interdisciplinary Research–a Model of Co-Production in Organizational Cognitive Neuroscience. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7:720.score: 24.0
    Operationalizing interdisciplinary research – a model of co-production in organizational cognitive neuroscience.
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  47. John Cranfield, Spencer Henson & James Holliday (2010). The Motives, Benefits, and Problems of Conversion to Organic Production. Agriculture and Human Values 27 (3):291-306.score: 24.0
    Using data from a survey of certified organic or in-transition to organic vegetable and dairy producers in Canada, we seek to understand a farmer’s decision to convert to organic production by exploring the motives, problems and challenges, and benefits of transition to organic. Results suggest that health and safety concerns and environmental issues are the predominant motives for conversion, while economic motives are of lesser importance. In contrast to the extant literature, results suggest that the motives underlying transition have (...)
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  48. Arne Ewald, Sabrina Aristei, Guido Nolte & Rasha Abdel Rahman (2012). Brain Oscillations and Functional Connectivity During Overt Language Production. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 24.0
    In the present study we investigate the communication of different large scale brain sites during an overt language production task with state of the art methods for the estimation of EEG functional connectivity. Participants performed a semantic blocking task in which objects were named in semantically homogeneous blocks of trials consisting of members of a semantic category (e.g., all objects are tools) or in heterogeneous blocks, consisting of unrelated objects. The classic pattern of slower naming times in the homogeneous (...)
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  49. Sean Hutchins & Sylvain Moreno (2013). The Linked Dual Representation Model of Vocal Perception and Production. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 24.0
    The voice is one of the most important media for communication, yet there is a wide range of abilities in both the perception and production of the voice. In this article, we review this range of abilities, focusing on pitch accuracy as a particularly informative case, and look at the factors underlying these abilities. Several classes of models have been posited describing the relationship between vocal perception and production, and we review the evidence for and against each class (...)
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  50. Albert Costa Kristof Strijkers (2011). Riding the Lexical Speedway: A Critical Review on the Time Course of Lexical Selection in Speech Production. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 24.0
    Speech requires time. How much time often depends on the amount of labor the brain has to perform in order to retrieve the linguistic information related to the ideas we want to express. Although most psycholinguistic research in the field of language production has focused on the net result of time required to utter words in various experimental conditions, over the last years more and more researchers pursued the objective to flesh out the time course of particular stages implicated (...)
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