Search results for 'Proposition (Logic' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. John Corcoran (2009). Sentence, Proposition, Judgment, Statement, and Fact: Speaking About the Written English Used in Logic. In W. A. Carnielli (ed.), The Many Sides of Logic. College Publications 71-103.
    The five English words—sentence, proposition, judgment, statement, and fact—are central to coherent discussion in logic. However, each is ambiguous in that logicians use each with multiple normal meanings. Several of their meanings are vague in the sense of admitting borderline cases. In the course of displaying and describing the phenomena discussed using these words, this paper juxtaposes, distinguishes, and analyzes several senses of these and related words, focusing on a constellation of recommended senses. One of the purposes of this (...)
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  2. Anthony Palmer (1988). Concept and Object: The Unity of the Proposition in Logic and Psychology. Routledge.
     
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  3.  65
    Denis McManus (2009). The General Form of the Proposition: The Unity of Language and the Generality of Logic in the Early Wittgenstein. Philosophical Investigations 32 (4):295-318.
    The paper presents an interpretation of the thinking behind the early Wittgenstein's "general form of the proposition." It argues that a central role is played by the assumption that all domains of discourse are governed by the same laws of logic. The interpretation is presented partly through a comparison with ideas presented recently by Michael Potter and Peter Sullivan; the paper argues that the above assumption explains more of the key characteristics of the "general form of the proposition" (...)
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  4. Anastasios Albert Brenner (ed.) (1989). Questions of Form: Logic and Analytic Proposition From Kant to Carnap. Univ of Minnesota Press.
    _Questions of Form _was first published in 1989. Minnesota Archive Editions uses digital technology to make long-unavailable books once again accessible, and are published unaltered from the original University of Minnesota Press editions. In _Questions on Form_, Joelle Proust traces the concept of the analytic proposition from Kant's development of the notion down to its place in the work of Rudolf Carnap, a founder of logical empiricism and a key figure in contemporary analytic philosophy. Using a method known in (...)
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  5.  7
    Ludwig Wittgenstein (1974). Philosophical Grammar: Part I, the Proposition, and its Sense, Part Ii, on Logic and Mathematics. University of California Press.
    i How can one talk about 'understanding' and 'not understanding' a proposition? Surely it is not a proposition until it's understood ? ...
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  6. William S. Hatcher (1986). Aczel Peter. Frege Structures and the Notions of Proposition, Truth and Set. The Kleene Symposium, Proceedings of the Symposium Held June 18–24, 1978 at Madison, Wisconsin, U.S.A., Edited by Barwise Jon, Keisler H. Jerome, and Kunen Kenneth, Studies in Logic and the Foundations of Mathematics, Vol. 101, North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam, New York, and Oxford, 1980, Pp. 31–59. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 51 (1):244-246.
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  7. Henry W. Johnstone (1960). Morrison John J.. The Existential Import of a Proposition in Aristotelian Logic. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, Vol. 15 No. 3 , Pp. 386–393. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 25 (4):339.
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  8. Henry W. Johnstone (1960). Review: John J. Morrison, The Existential Import of a Proposition in Aristotelian Logic. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 25 (4):339-339.
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  9. John J. Morrison (1955). The Existential Import of a Proposition in Aristotelian Logic. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 15 (3):386-393.
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  10.  4
    Joelle Proust (1989). Questions of Form: Logic and Analytic Proposition From Kant to Carnap. Univ of Minnesota Press.
    Hence, this book's provocative claim: today's so-called logical empiricism owes much more to Kant's notion of science than to Hume's.
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  11. Frederick P. Van De Pitte (1991). Joëlle Proust, Questions of Form: Logic and the Analytic Proposition From Kant to Carnap, Trans. Anastasios Albert Brenner. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 11 (1):60-62.
  12.  4
    Felicity A. Watts (1989). Concept and Object: The Unity of the Proposition in Logic and Psychology. Philosophical Books 30 (4):222-223.
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  13. A. Brenner (1992). Questions of Form: Logic and the Analytic Proposition From Kant to Carnap. Noûs 26 (4):532-542.
     
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  14. M. Friedman (1992). Review of Questions of Form: Logic and the Analytic Proposition From Kant to Carnap by Joëlle Proust. [REVIEW] Noûs 26:532-542.
  15.  1
    Karl Dürr (1951). The Propositional Logic of Boethius. Greenwood Press.
    The text of the treatise “The Propositional Logic of Boethius” was finished in 1939. Prof. Jan Lukasiewicz wished at that time to issue it in the second volume of “Collectanea Logica”; as a result of political events, he was not able to carry out his plan. In 1938, I published an article in “Erkenntnis” entitled “AUS- sagenlogik im Mittelalter”; this article included the contents of a paper which I read to the International Congress for the Unity of Science in Cambridge, (...)
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  16. Richard Gaskin (2008). The Unity of the Proposition. Oxford University Press.
    Truth, falsity, and unity -- Sentences, lists, and collections -- Declarative and other kinds of sentence -- Declarative sentences and propositions -- Sentences, propositions, and truth-values -- Sentences, propositions, and unity -- Unity and complexity -- Reference and supposition -- Reference and signification -- Linguistic idealism and empirical realism -- Russell on truth, falsity, and unity : 1903 -- Russell on truth, falsity, and unity : 1910-13 -- Russell on truth, falsity, and unity : 1918 -- Sense, reference, and propositions (...)
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  17.  11
    Jan Krajíček (1995). Bounded Arithmetic, Propositional Logic, and Complexity Theory. Cambridge University Press.
    This book presents an up-to-date, unified treatment of research in bounded arithmetic and complexity of propositional logic, with emphasis on independence proofs and lower bound proofs. The author discusses the deep connections between logic and complexity theory and lists a number of intriguing open problems. An introduction to the basics of logic and complexity theory is followed by discussion of important results in propositional proof systems and systems of bounded arithmetic. More advanced topics are then treated, including polynomial simulations and (...)
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  18. Howard Pospesel (1978). Introduction to Logic. Propositional Logic. Journal of Symbolic Logic 43 (2):383-383.
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  19.  69
    Graham Stevens (2005). The Russellian Origins of Analytical Philosophy: Bertrand Russell and the Unity of the Proposition. Routledge.
    This monograph offers a reappraisal of the role of Bertrand Russell's philosophical works in establishing the analytical tradition in philosophy. It's main aims are to improve our understanding of the history of analytical philosophy, to engage in the important disputes surrounding the interpretation of Russell's philosophy, and to make a contribution to central issues in current analytical philosophy. Hence, this book will find a place on the bookshelf of many philosophers across the world.
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  20.  54
    Richard Gaskin (2010). The Unity of the Proposition: Replies to Vallicella, Schnieder, and García-Carpintero. Dialectica 64 (2):303-311.
    Richard Gaskin presents a work in the philosophy of language.
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  21. Gabriël Nuchelmans (1980). Late-Scholastic and Humanist Theories of the Proposition. North Holland Pub. Co..
     
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  22. Gabriël Nuchelmans (1973). Theories of the Proposition. Amsterdam,North-Holland Pub. Co..
     
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  23.  34
    Raymond Bradley (1979). Possible Worlds: An Introduction to Logic and its Philosophy. B. Blackwell.
    object an item which does not have a position in space and time but which exists. (Philosophers have nominated such things as numbers, sets, and propositions to this category. The need to posit such entities has been discussed and disputed for at least 2400 years.).
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  24. M. K. Rennie (1973). Logic: Theory and Practice. Brisbane,University of Queensland Press.
     
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  25. Tuomo Aho (1994). On the Philosophy of Attitude Logic. Distributed by Akateeminen Kirjakauppa.
     
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  26. Nandita Bandyopadhyay (1988). Being, Meaning, and Proposition: A Comparative Study of Bhartṛhari, Russell, Frege, and Strawson. Sanskrit Pustak Bhandar.
  27. der Schaar & Maria Sandra (1991). G.F. Stout's Theory of Judgment and Proposition: Proefschrift Ter Verkrijging Van De Graad Van Doktor. M.S. Van Der Schaar.
  28. Howard Pospesel (1974). Propositional Logic. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.,Prentice-Hall.
     
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  29. Howard Pospesel (1976). Predicate Logic.
     
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  30. Susanne Bobzien (2003). Stoic Logic. In Brad Inwood (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Stoic Philosophy. Cambridge University Press
    ABSTRACT: An introduction to Stoic logic. Stoic logic can in many respects be regarded as a fore-runner of modern propositional logic. I discuss: 1. the Stoic notion of sayables or meanings (lekta); the Stoic assertibles (axiomata) and their similarities and differences to modern propositions; the time-dependency of their truth; 2.-3. assertibles with demonstratives and quantified assertibles and their truth-conditions; truth-functionality of negations and conjunctions; non-truth-functionality of disjunctions and conditionals; language regimentation and ‘bracketing’ devices; Stoic basic principles of propositional logic; 4. (...)
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  31.  11
    John Corcoran (1978-9). CORCORAN's THUMBNAIL REVIEWS OF OPPOSING PHILOSOPHY OF LOGIC BOOKS. MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS 56:98-9.
    PUTNAM has made highly regarded contributions to mathematics, to philosophy of logic and to philosophy of science, and in this book he brings his ideas in these three areas to bear on the traditional philosophic problem of materialism versus (objective) idealism. The book assumes that contemporary science (mathematical and physical) is largely correct as far as it goes, or at least that it is rational to believe in it. The main thesis of the book is that consistent acceptance of contemporary (...)
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  32.  58
    Georg Brun (2008). Formalization and the Objects of Logic. Erkenntnis 69 (1):1 - 30.
    There is a long-standing debate whether propositions, sentences, statements or utterances provide an answer to the question of what objects logical formulas stand for. Based on the traditional understanding of logic as a science of valid arguments, this question is firstly framed more exactly, making explicit that it calls not only for identifying some class of objects, but also for explaining their relationship to ordinary language utterances. It is then argued that there are strong arguments against the proposals commonly put (...)
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  33.  6
    John Corcoran (1972). Review of WILLARD QUINE, Philosophy of Logic, Harvard, 1970/1986. [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 39:37-39.
    This book is best regarded as a concise essay developing the personal views of a major philosopher of logic and as such it is to be welcomed by scholars in the field. It is not (and does not purport to be) a treatment of a significant portion of those philosophical problems generally thought to be germane to logic. It would be easy to list many popular topics in philosophy of logic which it does not mention. Even its "definition" of logic-"the (...)
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  34.  41
    Kevin C. Klement, Propositional Logic. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Propositional logic, also known as sentential logic and statement logic, is the branch of logic that studies ways of joining and/or modifying entire propositions, statements or sentences to form more complicated propositions, statements or sentences, as well as the logical relationships and properties that are derived from these methods of combining or altering statements. In propositional logic, the simplest statements are considered as indivisible units, and hence, propositional logic does not study those logical properties and relations that depend upon parts (...)
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  35.  14
    Rolando M. Gripaldo (2008). The Rejection of the Proposition. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 13 (1):53-64.
    Part of rethinking philosophy today, the author believes, is to rethink our logical concepts. The author questions the ontological existence of the proposition as the content of sentential utterances—written or spoken—as it was originally proposed by John Searle. While a performative is an utterance where the speaker not only utters a sentential or illocutionary content such as a statement, but also performs the illocutionary force such as the act of stating, the author reasserts John Austin’s constative as the general (...)
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  36. Bangs L. Tapscott (1979). Elementary Applied Symbolic Logic. Journal of Symbolic Logic 44 (2):281-282.
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  37. Hartry Field (1977). Logic, Meaning, and Conceptual Role. Journal of Philosophy 74 (July):379-409.
  38.  83
    Daniele Mezzadri (2013). Language and Logic in Wittgenstein's Tractatus. Nordic Wittgenstein Review 2 (1):57-80.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Nordic Wittgenstein Review Jahrgang: 2 Heft: 1 Seiten: 57-80.
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  39. Eric M. Hammer (1995). Logic and Visual Information.
     
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  40.  4
    Gabriel Nuchelmans (1986). Judgment and Proposition: From Descartes to Kant. Philosophical Review 95 (3):481-483.
  41.  94
    David Christensen (2004). Putting Logic in its Place: Formal Constraints on Rational Belief. Oxford University Press.
    What role, if any, does formal logic play in characterizing epistemically rational belief? Traditionally, belief is seen in a binary way - either one believes a proposition, or one doesn't. Given this picture, it is attractive to impose certain deductive constraints on rational belief: that one's beliefs be logically consistent, and that one believe the logical consequences of one's beliefs. A less popular picture sees belief as a graded phenomenon.
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  42.  92
    John Corcoran (2014). ARISTOTELIAN LOGIC AND EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY. Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 20 (1):131-2.
    John Corcoran and George Boger. Aristotelian logic and Euclidean geometry. Bulletin of Symbolic Logic. 20 (2014) 131. -/- By an Aristotelian logic we mean any system of direct and indirect deductions, chains of reasoning linking conclusions to premises—complete syllogisms, to use Aristotle’s phrase—1) intended to show that their conclusions follow logically from their respective premises and 2) resembling those in Aristotle’s Prior Analytics. Such systems presuppose existence of cases where it is not obvious that the conclusion follows from the premises: (...)
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  43. John Corcoran, LOGIC TEACHING IN THE 21ST CENTURY.
    We are much better equipped to let the facts reveal themselves to us instead of blinding ourselves to them or stubbornly trying to force them into preconceived molds. We no longer embarrass ourselves in front of our students, for example, by insisting that “Some Xs are Y” means the same as “Some X is Y”, and lamely adding “for purposes of logic” whenever there is pushback. Logic teaching in this century can exploit the new spirit of objectivity, humility, clarity, observationalism, (...)
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  44. Gregor Damschen (2010). Are There Ultimately Founded Propositions? Universitas Philosophica 54 (54):163-177.
    Can we find propositions that cannot rationally be denied in any possible world without assuming the existence of that same proposition, and so involving ourselves in a contradiction? In other words, can we find transworld propositions needing no further foundation or justification? Basically, three differing positions can be imagined: firstly, a relativist position, according to which ultimately founded propositions are impossible; secondly, a meta-relativist position, according to which ultimately founded propositions are possible but unnecessary; and thirdly, an absolute position, (...)
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    John Corcoran & William Frank (2013). Surprises in Logic. Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 19:253.
    JOHN CORCORAN AND WILIAM FRANK. Surprises in logic. Bulletin of Symbolic Logic. 19 253. Some people, not just beginning students, are at first surprised to learn that the proposition “If zero is odd, then zero is not odd” is not self-contradictory. Some people are surprised to find out that there are logically equivalent false universal propositions that have no counterexamples in common, i. e., that no counterexample for one is a counterexample for the other. Some people would be surprised (...)
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  46.  33
    John Corcoran (2010). Counterarguments and Counterexamples. In Luis Vega (ed.), Luis Vega, Ed. Compendio de Lógica, Argumentación, y Retórica. Madrid: Trotta. 137-142.
    English translation of an entry on pages 137–42 of the Spanish-language dictionary of logic: Luis Vega, Ed. Compendio de Lógica, Argumentación, y Retórica. Madrid: Trotta. -/- DEDICATION: To my friend and collaborator Kevin Tracy. -/- This short essay—containing careful definitions of ‘counterargument’ and ‘counterexample’—is not an easy read but it is one you’ll be glad you struggled through. It contains some carefully chosen examples suitable for classroom discussion. -/- Using the word ‘counterexample’ instead of ‘counterargument’ in connection with Aristotle’s invalidity (...)
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  47.  23
    John Corcoran & Wagner Sanz (2008). Disbelief Logic Complements Belief Logic. Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 14:436.
    JOHN CORCORAN AND WAGNER SANZ, Disbelief Logic Complements Belief Logic. Philosophy, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14260-4150 USA E-mail: corcoran@buffalo.edu Filosofia, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiás, GO 74001-970 Brazil E-mail: sanz@fchf.ufg.br -/- Consider two doxastic states belief and disbelief. Belief is taking a proposition to be true and disbelief taking it to be false. Judging also dichotomizes: accepting a proposition results in belief and rejecting in disbelief. Stating follows suit: asserting a proposition conveys belief and denying conveys (...)
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  48.  24
    John Corcoran (2011). Valor de Verdad. In Luis Vega and Paula Olmos (ed.), Compendio de Lógica, Argumentación y Retórica. Editorial Trotta 627--629.
    Down through the ages, logic has adopted many strange and awkward technical terms: assertoric, prove, proof, model, constant, variable, particular, major, minor, and so on. But truth-value is a not a typical example. Every proposition, even if false, no matter how worthless, has a truth-value:even “one plus two equals four” and “one is not one”. In fact, every two false propositions have the same truth-value—no matter how different they might be, even if one is self-contradictory and one is consistent. (...)
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  49.  10
    John Woods (2000). How Philosophical is Informal Logic? Informal Logic 20 (2).
    Consider the proposition, "Informal logic is a subdiscipline of philosophy". The best chance of showing this to be true is showing that informal logic is part of logic, which in turn is a part of philosophy. Part 1 is given over to the task of sorting out these connections. If successful, informal logic can indeed be seen as part of philosophy; but there is no question of an exclusive relationship. Part 2 is a critical appraisal of the suggestion that (...)
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    Philip G. Calabrese (2005). Toward a More Natural Expression of Quantum Logic with Boolean Fractions. Journal of Philosophical Logic 34 (4):363 - 401.
    This paper uses a non-distributive system of Boolean fractions (a|b), where a and b are 2-valued propositions or events, to express uncertain conditional propositions and conditional events. These Boolean fractions, 'a if b' or 'a given b', ordered pairs of events, which did not exist for the founders of quantum logic, can better represent uncertain conditional information just as integer fractions can better represent partial distances on a number line. Since the indeterminacy of some pairs of quantum events is due (...)
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