Search results for 'Psychological Theory' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Sort by:
  1. Jan Smedslund (2011). Meaning of Words and the Use of Axiomatics in Psychological Theory. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 31 (2):126.score: 152.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Maureen Miner & Agnes Petocz (2003). Moral Theory in Ethical Decision Making: Problems, Clarifications and Recommendations From a Psychological Perspective. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 42 (1):11 - 25.score: 150.0
    Psychological theory and research in ethical decision making and ethical professional practice are presently hampered by a failure to take appropriate account of an extensive background in moral philosophy. As a result, attempts to develop models of ethical decision making are left vulnerable to a number of criticisms: that they neglect the problems of meta-ethics and the variety of meta-ethical perspectives; that they fail clearly and consistently to differentiate between descriptive and prescriptive accounts; that they leave unexplicated the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Simon Beck (2011). Causal Copersonality: In Defence of the Psychological Continuity Theory. South African Journal of Philosophy 30 (2):244-255.score: 144.0
    The view that an account of personal identity can be provided in terms of psychological continuity has come under fire from an interesting new angle in recent years. Critics from a variety of rival positions have argued that it cannot adequately explain what makes psychological states co-personal (i.e. the states of a single person). The suggestion is that there will inevitably be examples of states that it wrongly ascribes using only the causal connections available to it. In this (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Jeffery A. Thompson & David W. Hart (2006). Psychological Contracts: A Nano-Level Perspective on Social Contract Theory. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 68 (3):229 - 241.score: 144.0
    Social contract theory has been criticized as a “theory in search of application.” We argue that incorporating the nano, or individual, level of analysis into social contract inquiry will yield more descriptive theory. We draw upon the psychological contract perspective to address two critiques of social contract theory: its rigid macro-orientation and inattention to the process of contract formation. We demonstrate how a psychological contract approach offers practical insight into the impact of social contracting (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Edwin L. Hersch (2001). Making Our Philosophical Unconscious More Conscious: A Method of Exploring the Philosophical Basis of Psychological Theory. Canadian Journal of Psychoanalysis 9 (2):165-186.score: 142.0
  6. Michael A. Westerman (2004). Theory and Research on Practices, Theory and Research as Practices: Hermeneutics and Psychological Inquiry. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 24 (2):123-156.score: 122.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Tamara Horowitz (1998). Philosophical Intuitions and Psychological Theory. Ethics 108 (2):367-385.score: 120.0
    To what extent can philosophical thought experiments reveal norms? Some ethicists have argued that certain thought experiments reveal that people draw a morally significant distinction between "doing" and "allowing". I examine one such thought experiment in detail and argue that the intuitions it elicits can be explained by "prospect theory", a psychological theory about the way people reason. The extent to which such alternative explanations of the results of thought experiments in philosophy are generally available is an (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. W. W. Meissner (1966). The Implications of Experience for Psychological Theory. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 26 (4):503-528.score: 120.0
    The question is raised whether the methods of psychology are adequate to provide an account of human behavior in terms meaningful for human existence. Also, The relationship between psychological theory and the evidence upon which it rests is discussed. "correlationism" and "constructuralism" are presented as two opposite orientations to theory in psychology. The author questions whether experience should be accepted as legitimate evidence and concludes that there should be acceptability of inner experience as legitimate scientific evidence in (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. Andrew M. Colman (2003). Cooperation, Psychological Game Theory, and Limitations of Rationality in Social Interaction. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (2):139-153.score: 108.0
    Rational choice theory enjoys unprecedented popularity and influence in the behavioral and social sciences, but it generates intractable problems when applied to socially interactive decisions. In individual decisions, instrumental rationality is defined in terms of expected utility maximization. This becomes problematic in interactive decisions, when individuals have only partial control over the outcomes, because expected utility maximization is undefined in the absence of assumptions about how the other participants will behave. Game theory therefore incorporates not only rationality but (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Richard P. Haynes (2001). Do Regulators of Animal Welfare Need to Develop a Theory of Psychological Well-Being? Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 14 (2):231-240.score: 108.0
    The quest for a ``theory of nonhuman minds'''' to assessclaims about the moral status of animals is misguided. Misframedquestions about animal minds facilitate the appropriation ofanimal welfare by the animal user industry. When misframed, thesequestions shift the burden of proof unreasonably to animalwelfare regulators. An illustrative instance of misframing can befound in the US National Research Council''s 1998 publication thatreports professional efforts to define the psychologicalwell-being of nonhuman primates, a condition that the US 1985animal welfare act requires users of (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Lydia Zepeda, Anna Reznickova & Willow Saranna Russell (2013). CSA Membership and Psychological Needs Fulfillment: An Application of Self-Determination Theory. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 30 (4):605-614.score: 108.0
    This qualitative study examines the relevance of self-determination theory to explain retention and attrition in community supported agriculture (CSA). Using a focus group study of CSA members, we examined whether belonging to a CSA supports basic psychological needs for autonomy, competency and relatedness. We found that it did for continuing members. However, for those who did not renew, membership reduced their sense of autonomy, competency, and relatedness. For continuing members, the intensity of their involvement did not affect their (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. David Peroutka Ocd (2010). Imagination, Intellect and Premotion A Psychological Theory of Domingo Báñez. Studia Neoaristotelica 7 (2):107-115.score: 102.0
    The notion of physical premotion (praemotio physica) is usually associated with the theological topic of divine concurrence (concursus divinus). In the present paper I argue that the Thomist Domingo Báñez (1528–1604) applied the concept of premotion (though not the expression “praemotio”) also in his psychology. According to Báñez, the active intellect (intellectus agens) communicates a kind of “actual motion” to the phantasma (i.e. the mental sensory image perceived by the imagination) in order to render it a collaborator of intellectual cognition. (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Viren Swami (2012). Social Psychological Origins of Conspiracy Theories: The Case of the Jewish Conspiracy Theory in Malaysia. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 102.0
    Two studies examined correlates of belief in a Jewish conspiracy theory among Malays in Malaysia, a culture in which state-directed conspiracism as a means of dealing with perceived external and internal threats is widespread. In Study 1, 368 participants from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, completed a novel measure of belief in a Jewish conspiracy theory, along with measures of general conspiracist ideation and anomie. Initial analysis showed that the novel scale factorially reduced to a single dimension. Further analysis showed (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Philip J. Corr (2013). Cold and Hot Cognition: Quantum Probability Theory and Realistic Psychological Modeling. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (3):282 - 283.score: 102.0
    Typically, human decision making is emotionally and does not conform to classical probability (CP) theory. As quantum probability (QP) theory emphasises order, context, superimposition states, and nonlinear dynamic effects, one of its major strengths may be its power to unify formal modeling and realistic psychological theory (e.g., information uncertainty, anxiety, and indecision, as seen in the Prisoner's Dilemma).
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Gottfried Seebaß, Mediation Theory and the Problem of Psychological Discourse on 'Inner' Events: Part II.score: 102.0
    The present article attempts to investigate the 'philosophical foundations' of psychology and thereby of the social sciences in general with regard to a central problem, viz. the question of the 'inner'. It does this with special critical reference to an authoritative psychological theory, viz. the so-called 'mediation theory', and tries to show the necessity of interdisciplinary clarification. In the first part mediation theory was introduced as (...)
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Angela Arkway (2000). The Simulation Theory, the Theory Theory and Folk Psychological Explanation. Philosophical Studies 98 (2):115-137.score: 96.0
  17. Philip Barnard & Tim Dalgleish (2005). Psychological-Level Systems Theory: The Missing Link in Bridging Emotion Theory and Neurobiology Through Dynamic Systems Modeling. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):196-197.score: 96.0
    Bridging between psychological and neurobiological systems requires that the system components are closely specified at both the psychological and brain levels of analysis. We argue that in developing his dynamic systems theory framework, Lewis has sidestepped the notion of a psychological level systems model altogether, and has taken a partisan approach to his exposition of a brain-level systems model.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Benny Shanon (2008). A Psychological Theory of Consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 15 (5):5-47.score: 96.0
    A new phenomenological framework for the characterization of human consciousness is presented. The theory is introduced in several stages - making distinctions concerning types of consciousness, levels, parameters, functional features and dynamic operations. The phenomenology encompasses both ordinary and non-ordinary states of mind. It appears that in its totality the phenomenology of human consciousness comprises a well- structured system exhibiting coherence and internal structure. In addition, this framework presents a new approach for cognitive research, methodologically as well as theoretically. (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Jeffrey P. Carpenter & Peter Hans Matthews (2003). Beliefs, Intentions, and Evolution: Old Versus New Psychological Game Theory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (2):158-159.score: 96.0
    We compare Colman's proposed “psychological game theory” with the existing literature on psychological games (Geanakoplos et al. 1989), in which beliefs and intentions assume a prominent role. We also discuss experimental evidence on intentions, with a particular emphasis on reciprocal behavior, as well as recent efforts to show that such behavior is consistent with social evolution.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Robert M. Galatzer-Levy (2005). Exploring Psychological Complexity Through Dynamic Systems Theory: A Complement to Reductionism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):206-207.score: 96.0
    Dynamic systems theory (DS) provides tools for exploring how simpler elements can interact to produce complex psychological configurations. It may, as Lewis demonstrates, provide means for explicating relationships between two reductionist approaches to overlapping sets of phenomena. The result is a description of psychological phenomena at a level that begins to achieve the richness we would hope to achieve in examining psychological life as it is experienced and explored in psychoanalysis.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. C. Dominik Güss, Ma Teresa Tuason & Vanessa B. Teixeira (2007). A Cultural-Psychological Theory of Contemporary Islamic Martyrdom. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 37 (4):415–445.score: 96.0
  22. Lorraine Besser-Jones (2006). The Role of Justice in Hume's Theory of Psychological Development. Hume Studies 32 (2):253-276.score: 96.0
    Hume’s theory of justice, intricately linked to his account of moral development, is at once simplistic and mysterious, combining familiar conventionalistelements with perplexing, complicated elements of his rich moral psychology. These dimensions of his theory make interpreting it no easy task, although many have tried. Emerging from these many different attempts is a picture of Hume as defending an account of justice according to which justice consists of expedient rules designed to advance one’s self-interest. The mistake of this (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Arthur G. Wirth (1966). The Psychological Theory for Experimentation in Education at John Dewey's Laboratory School, the University of Chicago, 1896-1904. [REVIEW] Educational Theory 16 (3):271-280.score: 96.0
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Bernard Rosen (1980). Kohlberg and the Supposed Mutual Support of an Ethical and Psychological Theory. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 10 (3):195–210.score: 96.0
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Jirí Kulka (1995). A Semio-Psychological Theory of Communication in Music. In Eero Tarasti (ed.), Musical Signification: Essays in the Semiotic Theory and Analysis of Music. Mouton de Gruyter. 279--284.score: 96.0
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Jon McGinnis (unknown). Making Abstraction Less Abstract: The Logical, Psychological, and Metaphysical Dimensions of Avicenna's Theory of Abstraction. :169-183.score: 96.0
    A debated topic in Avicennan psychology is whether for Avicenna abstraction is a metaphor for emanation or to be taken literally. This issue stems from the deeper philosophical question of whether humans acquire intelligibles externally from an emanation by the Active Intellect, which is a separate substance, or internally from an inherently human cognitive process, which prepares us for an emanation from the Active Intellect. I argue that the tension between thesedoctrines is only apparent. In his logical works Avicenna limns (...)
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Patrick Suppes (2006). Ramsey's Psychological Theory of Belief. In Maria Carla Galavotti (ed.), Cambridge and Vienna: Frank P. Ramsey and the Vienna Circle. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.score: 94.0
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Richard Lowry (1971). The Evolution of Psychological Theory; 1650 to the Present. Chicago,Aldine·Atherton.score: 94.0
  29. Rolf von Eckartsberg (1991). Review of Hermeneutics and Psychological Theory: Interpretive Perspectives on Personality, Psychotherapy, and Psychopathology. [REVIEW] Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 11 (2):131-133.score: 92.0
  30. Amedeo Giorgi (1979). Phenomenology and Psychological Theory. Duquesne Studies in Phenomenological Psychology 3:60-80.score: 92.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. T. F. Cloonan (2006). Verstegen, I.(2005). Arnheim, Gestalt and Art: A Psychological Theory. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 37 (2):272.score: 92.0
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Harold G. McCurdy (1994). The Significance of Poetry for Psychological Theory. Tradition and Discovery 21 (3):19-30.score: 92.0
    Contemporary associationistic psychology excludes poetic truth an all that it implies regarding the participation of the observer with the observed in building up our conception of reality.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. Jussi Jylkkä (2008). Concepts and Reference: Defending a Dual Theory of Natural Kind Concepts. Dissertation, University of Turkuscore: 90.0
    In this thesis I argue that the psychological study of concepts and categorisation, and the philosophical study of reference are deeply intertwined. I propose that semantic intuitions are a variety of categorisation judgements, determined by concepts, and that because of this, concepts determine reference. I defend a dual theory of natural kind concepts, according to which natural kind concepts have distinct semantic cores and non-semantic identification procedures. Drawing on psychological essentialism, I suggest that the cores consist of (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. Jussi Jylkkä (2009). Why Fodor's Theory of Concepts Fails. Minds and Machines 19 (1):25-46.score: 90.0
    Fodor’s theory of concepts holds that the psychological capacities, beliefs or intentions which determine how we use concepts do not determine reference. Instead, causal relations of a specific kind between properties and our dispositions to token a concept are claimed to do so. Fodor does admit that there needs to be some psychological mechanisms mediating the property–concept tokening relations, but argues that they are purely accidental for reference. In contrast, I argue that the actual mechanisms that sustain (...)
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Theodore Bach (forthcoming). Psychological Concept Acquisition. In N. Payette (ed.), Connected Minds: Cognition and Interaction in the Social World. Cambridge Scholars Publishing.score: 90.0
    This essay adjudicates between theoretical models of psychological concept acquisition. I provide new reasons to be skeptical about both simulationist and modularist models. I then defend the scientific-theory-theory account against familiar objections. I conclude by arguing that the scientific-theory-theory account must be supplemented by an account of hypothesis discovery.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Mark van Roojen (1999). Reflective Moral Equilibrium and Psychological Theory. Ethics 109 (4):846-857.score: 90.0
    Tamara Horowitz criticizes the use of thought experiments by Warren Quinn and others to support a version of the Doctrine of Doing and Allowing. She argues that because a competing empirical explanatory hypothesis for our common agreement on the correct outcome in those thought experiments is true we should conclude that our intuitions concerning those examples do not provide support for the Doctrine of Doing and Allowing. Other authors have reached similar conclusions. I argue that the argument misconstrues the role (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Deborah L. Kidder (2005). Is It 'Who I Am', 'What I Can Get Away With', or 'What You've Done to Me'? A Multi-Theory Examination of Employee Misconduct. Journal of Business Ethics 57 (4):389 - 398.score: 90.0
    Research on detrimental workplace behaviors has increased recently, predominantly focusing on justice issues. Research from the integrity testing literature, which is grounded in trait theory, has not received as much attention in the management literature. Trait theory, agency theory, and psychological contracts theory each have different predictions about employee performance that is harmful to the organization. While on the surface they appear contradictory, this paper (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. Ulrich Mees & Annette Schmitt (2008). Goals of Action and Emotional Reasons for Action. A Modern Version of the Theory of Ultimate Psychological Hedonism. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 38 (2):157–178.score: 90.0
  39. William James & James Ward (1889). The Psychological Theory of Extension. Mind 14 (53):107-115.score: 90.0
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. John W. Petras (1968). Social-Psychological Theory as a Basis for a Theory of Ethics and Value: The Case of Charles Horton Cooley. [REVIEW] Journal of Value Inquiry 2 (1):9-21.score: 90.0
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Michael LeBuffe, Spinoza's Psychological Theory. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 90.0
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. Scott Campbell (2001). The Psychological Theory and Dead People. Dialogue 40 (04):783-.score: 90.0
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. R. H. Thouless (1928). Psychologies of 1925 (Powell Lectures in Psychological Theory, Second Edition). Edited by Carl Murchison . (London: Humphrey Milford, Oxford University Press. 1925. Pp. 412. Price 28s.). [REVIEW] Philosophy 3 (10):249-.score: 90.0
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. Susan Babbitt (2001). Book Review: Jerilyn Fisher and Ellen S. Silber. Analyzing the Different Voice: Feminist Psychological Theory and Literary Texts. Lanham, Md.: Rowman and Littlefield, 1998. [REVIEW] Hypatia 16 (1):91-94.score: 90.0
  45. James Ward (1889). The Psychological Theory of Extension. Mind 14 (53):107 - 115.score: 90.0
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. Karl-Dieter Opp (1984). Balance Theory: Progress and Stagnation of a Social Psychological Theory. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 14 (1):27-49.score: 90.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. Jacqueline Feke (2012). Mathematizing the Soul: The Development of Ptolemy's Psychological Theory From On the Kritêrion and Hêgemonikon to the Harmonics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 43 (4):585-594.score: 90.0
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. T. R. Payne (1968). The Development of Soviet Psychological Theory: The Case of S. L. Rubinštejn. Studies in East European Thought 8 (2-3):144-156.score: 90.0
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. Jack Engler (1998). Buddhist Psychology: Contributions to Western Psychological Theory. In Anthony Molino (ed.), The Couch and the Tree: Dialogues in Psychoanalysis and Buddhism. North Point Press. 111--118.score: 90.0
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. Raymond W. Gibbs (1984). Literal Meaning and Psychological Theory. Cognitive Science 8 (3):275-304.score: 90.0
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 1000