Search results for 'Psychological Theory' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  3
    Jan Smedslund (2011). Meaning of Words and the Use of Axiomatics in Psychological Theory. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 31 (2):126.
    Two problems are discussed: Can and should psychological concepts be defined, and can and should they be organized in an axiomatic system? I point out that definitions in terms of physiological or behavioral measures are strictly impossible because any particular measure can mean anything, whereas phenomenological definitions always point to antecedents and consequents. I then point out that definitions of antecedents and consequents can be given either in terms of causes or in terms of reasons, and that causes and (...)
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  2. Edwin L. Hersch (2001). Making Our Philosophical Unconscious More Conscious: A Method of Exploring the Philosophical Basis of Psychological Theory. Canadian Journal of Psychoanalysis 9 (2):165-186.
     
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  3.  30
    Maureen Miner & Agnes Petocz (2003). Moral Theory in Ethical Decision Making: Problems, Clarifications and Recommendations From a Psychological Perspective. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 42 (1):11-25.
    Psychological theory and research in ethical decision making and ethical professional practice are presently hampered by a failure to take appropriate account of an extensive background in moral philosophy. As a result, attempts to develop models of ethical decision making are left vulnerable to a number of criticisms: that they neglect the problems of meta-ethics and the variety of meta-ethical perspectives; that they fail clearly and consistently to differentiate between descriptive and prescriptive accounts; that they leave unexplicated the (...)
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  4. Simon Beck (2011). Causal Copersonality: In Defence of the Psychological Continuity Theory. South African Journal of Philosophy 30 (2):244-255.
    The view that an account of personal identity can be provided in terms of psychological continuity has come under fire from an interesting new angle in recent years. Critics from a variety of rival positions have argued that it cannot adequately explain what makes psychological states co-personal (i.e. the states of a single person). The suggestion is that there will inevitably be examples of states that it wrongly ascribes using only the causal connections available to it. In this (...)
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  5.  37
    Jeffery A. Thompson & David W. Hart (2006). Psychological Contracts: A Nano-Level Perspective on Social Contract Theory. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 68 (3):229 - 241.
    Social contract theory has been criticized as a “theory in search of application.” We argue that incorporating the nano, or individual, level of analysis into social contract inquiry will yield more descriptive theory. We draw upon the psychological contract perspective to address two critiques of social contract theory: its rigid macro-orientation and inattention to the process of contract formation. We demonstrate how a psychological contract approach offers practical insight into the impact of social contracting (...)
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  6.  3
    Michael A. Westerman (2004). Theory and Research on Practices, Theory and Research as Practices: Hermeneutics and Psychological Inquiry. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 24 (2):123-156.
    What are the implications for theory and research in psychology of a hermeneutic perspective that takes practices as its starting point notion? The author addresses this wide-ranging issue by considering a number of specific questions in turn, including, among others, whether the hermeneutic perspective leads to rejecting systematic, quantitative research methods; whether it leads to the conclusion that efforts at theory and research provide us with an understanding of human behavior that is arbitrary; and whether a practices-based perspective (...)
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  7. Tamara Horowitz (1998). Philosophical Intuitions and Psychological Theory. Ethics 108 (2):367-385.
    To what extent can philosophical thought experiments reveal norms? Some ethicists have argued that certain thought experiments reveal that people draw a morally significant distinction between "doing" and "allowing". I examine one such thought experiment in detail and argue that the intuitions it elicits can be explained by "prospect theory", a psychological theory about the way people reason. The extent to which such alternative explanations of the results of thought experiments in philosophy are generally available is an (...)
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  8.  13
    Rolf von Eckartsberg (1991). Review of Hermeneutics and Psychological Theory: Interpretive Perspectives on Personality, Psychotherapy, and Psychopathology. [REVIEW] Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 11 (2):131-133.
    Reviews the book, Hermeneutics and psychological theory: Interpretive perspectives on personality, psychotherapy, and psychopathology edited by S. B. Messer, L. A. Sass, and R. L. Woolfolk . This book is the result of the Second Symposium on Applied Psychology sponsored by the Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology of Rutgers University, focussing on the epistemological foundations of psychology. The book operates on several levels simultaneously: theory and research, overview presentations and concrete investigations, clinical and experimental research. (...)
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  9.  6
    W. W. Meissner (1966). The Implications of Experience for Psychological Theory. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 26 (4):503-528.
    The question is raised whether the methods of psychology are adequate to provide an account of human behavior in terms meaningful for human existence. Also, The relationship between psychological theory and the evidence upon which it rests is discussed. "correlationism" and "constructuralism" are presented as two opposite orientations to theory in psychology. The author questions whether experience should be accepted as legitimate evidence and concludes that there should be acceptability of inner experience as legitimate scientific evidence in (...)
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  10. James A. Harold (2016). Rationality Within Modern Psychological Theory: Integrating Philosophy and Empirical Science. Lexington Books.
    Rationality within Modern Psychological Theory examines the rational and irrational dimensions of human nature and of the psyche and logos through the lenses of classical philosophy and modern psychology.
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  11.  29
    Ulrich Mees & Annette Schmitt (2008). Goals of Action and Emotional Reasons for Action. A Modern Version of the Theory of Ultimate Psychological Hedonism. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 38 (2):157–178.
    In this paper we present a modern version of the classic theory of “ultimate psychological hedonism” . As does the UPH, our two-dimensional model of metatelic orientations also postulates a fundamentally hedonistic motivation for any human action. However, it makes a distinction between “telic” or content-based goals of actions and “metatelic” or emotional reasons for actions. In our view, only the emotional reasons for action, but not the goals of action, conform to the UPH. After outlining our model, (...)
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  12.  8
    C. Dominik Güss, Ma Teresa Tuason & Vanessa B. Teixeira (2007). A Cultural-Psychological Theory of Contemporary Islamic Martyrdom. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 37 (4):415–445.
    What political, economic, religious, and emotional factors are involved in a person's decision to kill civilians and military personnel through the sacrifice of his or her own life? Data for this research were secondary analyses of interviews with Islamic martyrs, as well as their leaders’ speeches. This investigation into the cultural-psychological explanations for Islamic martyrdom leads to a model explaining a person's decision to carry out the mission as resulting from a combination of four factors: the historical-cultural context, group (...)
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  13.  43
    Andrew M. Colman (2003). Cooperation, Psychological Game Theory, and Limitations of Rationality in Social Interaction. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (2):139-153.
    Rational choice theory enjoys unprecedented popularity and influence in the behavioral and social sciences, but it generates intractable problems when applied to socially interactive decisions. In individual decisions, instrumental rationality is defined in terms of expected utility maximization. This becomes problematic in interactive decisions, when individuals have only partial control over the outcomes, because expected utility maximization is undefined in the absence of assumptions about how the other participants will behave. Game theory therefore incorporates not only rationality but (...)
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  14.  20
    Eric Margolis (1995). The Significance of the Theory Analogy in the Psychological Study of Concepts. Mind and Language 10 (1-2):45-71.
    Many psychologists think that concepts should be understood on analogy with the terms of scientific theories, yet the significance of this claim has always been obscure. In this paper, I clarify the psychological content of the theory analogy, focusing on influential pieces by Susan Carey. Once plainly put, the analogy amounts to the view that a mental representation has its semantic properties by virtue of its role in a restricted knowledge structure. One of the commendable things about Carey's (...)
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  15.  46
    Benny Shanon (2008). A Psychological Theory of Consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 15 (5):5-47.
    A new phenomenological framework for the characterization of human consciousness is presented. The theory is introduced in several stages - making distinctions concerning types of consciousness, levels, parameters, functional features and dynamic operations. The phenomenology encompasses both ordinary and non-ordinary states of mind. It appears that in its totality the phenomenology of human consciousness comprises a well- structured system exhibiting coherence and internal structure. In addition, this framework presents a new approach for cognitive research, methodologically as well as theoretically. (...)
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  16.  42
    Richard P. Haynes (2001). Do Regulators of Animal Welfare Need to Develop a Theory of Psychological Well-Being? Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 14 (2):231-240.
    The quest for a ``theory of nonhuman minds'''' to assessclaims about the moral status of animals is misguided. Misframedquestions about animal minds facilitate the appropriation ofanimal welfare by the animal user industry. When misframed, thesequestions shift the burden of proof unreasonably to animalwelfare regulators. An illustrative instance of misframing can befound in the US National Research Council''s 1998 publication thatreports professional efforts to define the psychologicalwell-being of nonhuman primates, a condition that the US 1985animal welfare act requires users of (...)
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  17.  6
    Lydia Zepeda, Anna Reznickova & Willow Saranna Russell (2013). CSA Membership and Psychological Needs Fulfillment: An Application of Self-Determination Theory. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 30 (4):605-614.
    This qualitative study examines the relevance of self-determination theory to explain retention and attrition in community supported agriculture (CSA). Using a focus group study of CSA members, we examined whether belonging to a CSA supports basic psychological needs for autonomy, competency and relatedness. We found that it did for continuing members. However, for those who did not renew, membership reduced their sense of autonomy, competency, and relatedness. For continuing members, the intensity of their involvement did not affect their (...)
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  18.  13
    David Peroutka Ocd (2010). Imagination, Intellect and Premotion A Psychological Theory of Domingo Báñez. Studia Neoaristotelica 7 (2):107-115.
    The notion of physical premotion (praemotio physica) is usually associated with the theological topic of divine concurrence (concursus divinus). In the present paper I argue that the Thomist Domingo Báñez (1528–1604) applied the concept of premotion (though not the expression “praemotio”) also in his psychology. According to Báñez, the active intellect (intellectus agens) communicates a kind of “actual motion” to the phantasma (i.e. the mental sensory image perceived by the imagination) in order to render it a collaborator of intellectual cognition. (...)
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  19.  7
    Jacqueline Feke (2012). Mathematizing the Soul: The Development of Ptolemy's Psychological Theory From On the Kritêrion and Hêgemonikon to the Harmonics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 43 (4):585-594.
    ► I present an intellectual history of Ptolemy’s accounts of the human soul. ► I assess the accounts for consistency. ► I argue that disparities in the psychological accounts are significant. ► I argue that the disparities demonstrate the maturation of his scientific method.
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  20.  7
    Bernard Rosen (1980). Kohlberg and the Supposed Mutual Support of an Ethical and Psychological Theory. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 10 (3):195–210.
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  21.  2
    Jirí Kulka (1995). A Semio-Psychological Theory of Communication in Music. In Eero Tarasti (ed.), Musical Signification: Essays in the Semiotic Theory and Analysis of Music. Mouton de Gruyter 279--284.
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  22.  1
    Claudia Strauss (1984). The 1983 Stirling Prize Essay: Beyond “Formal” Versus “Informal” Education: Uses of Psychological Theory in Anthropological Research. Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 12 (3):195-222.
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  23.  3
    Arthur G. Wirth (1966). The Psychological Theory for Experimentation in Education at John Dewey's Laboratory School, the University of Chicago, 1896-1904. [REVIEW] Educational Theory 16 (3):271-280.
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  24. Pierre Barrouillet, Caroline Gauffroy & Jean-François Lecas (2008). Postscript: A Good Psychological Theory of Reasoning Must Predict Behavior and Explain the Data. Psychological Review 115 (3):771-772.
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  25. Lyn Mikel Brown, Susan Currier, Sally L. Kitch, Kathleen Gregory Klein, Gail L. Mortimer, Annie G. Rogers, Betty Sasaki, Barbara Schapiro, Mirella Servodidio, Donna D. Simms & Susan Sulriman (1998). Analyzing the Different Voice: Feminist Psychological Theory and Literary Texts. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    These essays apply influential, pathbreaking psychological studies about women's lives to literature. In their analyses of fictional portraits, contributors both challenge and confirm psychological theories about female identity, about 'connection/separation' as developmental catalysts, and about the impact of gender on 'voice,' moral decision-making, and epistemology in relation to classical and contemporary literary texts, written by both women and men.
     
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  26. J. A. Christenson (1941). Coordinates of Psychology: Analytic Methods Applied to the Forms of Psychological Theory. Psychological Review 48 (1):60-72.
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  27. Herbert Feigl (1955). Functionalism, Psychological Theory, and the Uniting Sciences: Some Discussion Remarks. Psychological Review 62 (3):232-235.
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  28. Jerilyn Fisher & Ellen S. Silber (eds.) (1998). Analyzing the Different Voice: Feminist Psychological Theory and Literary Texts. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    These essays apply influential, pathbreaking psychological studies about women's lives to literature. In their analyses of fictional portraits, contributors both challenge and confirm psychological theories about female identity, about 'connection/separation' as developmental catalysts, and about the impact of gender on 'voice,' moral decision-making, and epistemology in relation to classical and contemporary literary texts, written by both women and men.
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  29. F. H. George (1953). Logical Constructs and Psychological Theory. Psychological Review 60 (1):1-6.
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  30. C. L. Hull (1930). Simple Trial and Error Learning: A Study in Psychological Theory. Psychological Review 37 (3):241-256.
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  31. No Authorship Indicated (1901). Contributions to a Psychological Theory of Music. Psychological Review 8 (6):633-634.
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  32. F. J. McGuigan (1953). Formalization of Psychological Theory. Psychological Review 60 (6):377-382.
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  33. Max Meyer (1900). Elements of Psychological Theory of Melody. Psychological Review 7 (3):241-273.
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  34. J. G. Miller (1939). Symbolic Technique in Psychological Theory. Psychological Review 46 (5):464-479.
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  35. Klaus Oberauer & Mike Oaksford (2008). What Must a Psychological Theory of Reasoning Explain? Comment on Barrouillet, Gauffroy, and Lecas. Psychological Review 115 (3):773-778.
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  36. W. C. H. Prentice (1946). Operationism and Psychological Theory: A Note. Psychological Review 53 (4):247-249.
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  37. E. Rignano (1928). The Psychological Theory of Form. Psychological Review 35 (2):118-135.
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  38. Daniel Stokols (1975). Toward a Psychological Theory of Alienation. Psychological Review 82 (1):26-44.
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  39. L. T. Troland (1922). The Significance of Psychical Monism for Psychological Theory. Psychological Review 29 (3):201-211.
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  40. Charles K. Wead (1900). Dr. Meyer's 'Elements of a Psychological Theory of Melody.'. Psychological Review 7 (4):400-405.
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  41.  5
    Raymond W. Gibbs (1984). Literal Meaning and Psychological Theory. Cognitive Science 8 (3):275-304.
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  42.  1
    R. GibbsjR (1984). Literal Meaning and Psychological Theory. Cognitive Science 8 (3):275-304.
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  43.  32
    Harold G. McCurdy (1994). The Significance of Poetry for Psychological Theory. Tradition and Discovery 21 (3):19-30.
    Contemporary associationistic psychology excludes poetic truth an all that it implies regarding the participation of the observer with the observed in building up our conception of reality.
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  44.  54
    Mark van Roojen (1999). Reflective Moral Equilibrium and Psychological Theory. Ethics 109 (4):846-857.
    Tamara Horowitz criticizes the use of thought experiments by Warren Quinn and others to support a version of the Doctrine of Doing and Allowing. She argues that because a competing empirical explanatory hypothesis for our common agreement on the correct outcome in those thought experiments is true we should conclude that our intuitions concerning those examples do not provide support for the Doctrine of Doing and Allowing. Other authors have reached similar conclusions. I argue that the argument misconstrues the role (...)
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  45.  4
    Raymond W. Gibbs (1987). The Relevance of Relevance for Psychological Theory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (4):718.
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  46.  5
    Bruno Frère (2004). Genetic Structuralism, Psychological Sociology and Pragmatic Social Actor Theory: Proposals for a Convergence of French Sociologies. Theory, Culture and Society 21 (3):85-99.
    This article sets out to show that Wittgenstein and Freud have exerted a considerable - though narrow - influence on Bourdieu’s sociology. But their influence also pervades the theoretical development of two other currents that have emerged in French sociology in the last few years, and that were developed by L. Boltanski and L. Thévenot on the one hand, and B. Lahire on the other. Although they do not make it explicit, the advocates of these two currents have nevertheless been (...)
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  47. Howard Shevrin & S. Dickman (1980). The Psychological Unconscious: A Necessary Assumption for All Psychological Theory? American Psychologist 35:421-34.
     
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  48.  8
    Scott Campbell (2001). The Psychological Theory and Dead People. Dialogue 40 (4):783.
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  49. Walter Kintsch & Douglas Vipond (1979). Reading Comprehension and Readability in Educational Practice and Psychological Theory. In L. Nilsson (ed.), Perspectives on Memory Research. 329--365.
     
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  50.  55
    Patrick Suppes (2006). Ramsey's Psychological Theory of Belief. In Maria Carla Galavotti (ed.), Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands 35-53.
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