Search results for 'Psychophysicalism' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. C. Wade Savage (2001). In Defense of Color Psychophysicalism. Consciousness and Cognition 10 (1):125-132.score: 15.0
  2. Henri Bergson (2005). Psychophysical Parallelism and Positive Metaphysics. In Continental Philosophy of Science (Blackwell Readings in Continental Philosophy). Malden MA: Blackwell Publishing.score: 11.0
  3. Max Velmans (2007). Psychophysical Nature. In Harald Atmanspacher & Hans Primas (eds.), [Book Chapter] (in Press). Springer.score: 8.0
    There are two quite distinct ways in which events that we normally think of as “physical” relate in an intimate way to events that we normally think of as “psychological”. One intimate relation occurs in exteroception at the point where events in the world become events as-perceived. The other intimate relationship occurs at the interface of conscious experience with its neural correlates in the brain. The chapter examines each of these relationships and positions them within a dual-aspect, reflexive model of (...)
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  4. Jonathan Bentwich (2006). The Duality Principle: Irreducibility of Sub-Threshold Psychophysical Computation to Neuronal Brain Activation. Synthese 153 (3):451-455.score: 8.0
    A key working hypothesis in neuroscience is ‘materialistic reductionism’, i.e., the assumption whereby all physiological, behavioral or cognitive phenomena is produced by localized neurochemical brain activation (but not vice versa). However, analysis of sub-threshold Weber’s psychophysical stimulation indicates its computational irreducibility to the direct interaction between psychophysical stimulation and any neuron/s. This is because the materialistic-reductionistic working hypothesis assumes that the determination of the existence or non-existence of any psychophysical stimulation [s] may only be determined through its direct interaction [di1] (...)
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  5. Lars Strother, David Van Valkenburg & Michael Kubovy (2003). Toward a Psychophysics of Perceptual Organization Using Multistable Stimuli and Phenomenal Reports. Axiomathes 13 (3-4):283-302.score: 8.0
    We explore experimental methods used to study the phenomena of perceptual organization, first studied by the Gestalt psychologists. We describe an application of traditional psychophysics to perceptual organization and offer alternative methods. Among these, we distinguish two approaches that use multistable stimuli: (1) phenomenological psychophysics, in which the observer's response is assumed to accurately and directly reflect perceptual experience; and (2) the interference paradigm, in which an observer's response is evaluated as correct or incorrect because it pertains to a corrigible (...)
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  6. Giovanna Hendel (2002). Psychophysical Supervenience: Digging in its Foundations. Journal of Philosophical Research 27:115-141.score: 8.0
    I put forward and defend the thesis (Th) that psychophysical supervenience (PS) in its full generality can be satisfactorily supported if and only if one is willing to make one or another of some substantial assumptions (the Assumptions) about the nature of mental and physical properties. I first deal with the “if” part of the claim by presenting and considering the Assumptions. I then argue for the inadequacy of suggestions of support for PS that do not require any of the (...)
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  7. Ivo Vlaev (2011). Inconsistency in Risk Preferences: A Psychophysical Anomaly. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 8.0
    Inconsistency in Risk Preferences: A Psychophysical Anomaly.
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  8. Geoff Hammond Michelle Marneweck, Andrea Loftus (2013). Psychophysical Measures of Sensitivity to Facial Expression of Emotion. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 8.0
    We report the development of two simple, objective, psychophysical measures of the ability to discriminate facial expressions of emotion that vary in intensity from a neutral facial expression and to discriminate between varying intensities of emotional facial expression. The stimuli were created by morphing photographs of models expressing four basic emotions, anger, disgust, happiness and sadness with neutral expressions. Psychometric functions were obtained for 15 healthy young adults using the Method of Constant Stimuli with a two-interval forced-choice procedure. Individual data (...)
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  9. E. J. Lowe (1992). The Problem of Psychophysical Causation. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 70 (3):263-76.score: 7.0
    Argues that there can be interaction without breaking physical laws: e.g. by basic psychic forces, or by varying physical constants, or especially by arranging fractal trees of physical causation leading to behavior.
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  10. Steven Horst (2005). Phenomenology and Psychophysics. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 4 (1):1-21.score: 7.0
    Recent philosophy of mind has tended to treat.
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  11. Colin McGinn (1978). Mental States, Natural Kinds and Psychophysical Laws. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 52:195-220.score: 7.0
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  12. Lewis White Beck (1940). The Psychophysical as a Pseudo-Problem. Journal of Philosophy 37 (October):561-71.score: 7.0
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  13. Liliana Albertazzi (2002). Phenomenologists and Analytics: A Question of Psychophysics? Southern Journal of Philosophy (Suppl.) 40 (S1):27-48.score: 7.0
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  14. Lester E. Krueger (1989). Reconciling Fechner and Stevens: Toward a Unified Psychophysical Law. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (2):251.score: 7.0
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  15. James Hopkins (1978). Mental States, Natural Kinds and Psychophysical Laws. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 221:221-236.score: 7.0
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  16. Gregory Francis & Frouke Hermens (2002). Comment on Competition for Consciousness Among Visual Events: The Psychophysics of Reentrant Visual Processes (di Lollo, Enns & Rensink, 2000). Journal of Experimental Psychology 131 (4):590-593.score: 7.0
  17. David J. Murray (1993). A Perspective for Viewing the History of Psychophysics. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (1):115.score: 7.0
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  18. Robert C. Bolles (1962). A Psychophysical Study of Hunger in the Rat. Journal of Experimental Psychology 63 (4):387.score: 7.0
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  19. V. di Lollo, James T. Enns & R. Rensink (2000). Competition for Consciousness Among Visual Events: The Psychophysics of Reentrant Visual Processes. Journal Of Experimental Psychology-General 129 (4):481-507.score: 7.0
  20. Trygg Engen (1965). Psychophysical Analysis of the Odor Intensity of Homologous Alcohols. Journal of Experimental Psychology 70 (6):611.score: 7.0
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  21. J. N. Findlay (1950). Linguistic Approach to Psychophysics. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 50:43-64.score: 7.0
  22. George A. Gescheider & John H. Wright (1968). Effects of Sensory Adaptation on the Form of the Psychophysical Magnitude Function for Cutaneous Vibration. Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (2):308.score: 7.0
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  23. Daniel C. O'Connell, Daniel J. Weintraub, Richard G. Lathrop & Thomas J. McHale (1967). Apparent Verticality: Psychophysical Error Versus Sensory-Tonic Theory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 73 (3):347.score: 7.0
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  24. L. Arons & F. W. Irwin (1932). Equal Weights and Psychophysical Judgments. Journal of Experimental Psychology 15 (6):733.score: 7.0
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  25. Robert M. Boynton & M. Howard Triedman (1953). A Psychophysical and Electrophysiological Study of Light Adaptation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 46 (2):125.score: 7.0
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  26. Hannes Eisler & Chris Ottander (1963). On the Problem of Hysteresis in Psychophysics. Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (6):530.score: 7.0
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  27. Karl E. Henion (1970). Direct Psychophysical Scaling of the Odor Intensity of Undiluted N-Aliphatic Alcohols. Journal of Experimental Psychology 85 (2):300.score: 7.0
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  28. [deleted]Rufin VanRullen & Julien Dubois (2011). The Psychophysics of Brain Rhythms. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 7.0
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  29. H. Richard Blackwell (1952). The Influence of Data Collection Procedures Upon Psychophysical Measurement of Two Sensory Functions. Journal of Experimental Psychology 44 (5):306.score: 7.0
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  30. Jaakko Blomberg (1971). Psychophysics, Sensation and Information. Ajatus 33:106-137.score: 7.0
     
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  31. A. L. Diamond, H. Scheible, E. Schwartz & R. Young (1955). A Comparison of Psychophysical Methods in the Investigation of Foveal Simultaneous Brightness Contrast. Journal of Experimental Psychology 50 (3):171.score: 7.0
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  32. J. M. Doughty (1949). The Effect of Psychophysical Method and Context on Pitch and Loudness Functions. Journal of Experimental Psychology 39 (5):729.score: 7.0
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  33. S. W. Fernberger, E. Glass, I. Hoffman & M. Willig (1934). Judgment Times of Different Psychophysical Categories. Journal of Experimental Psychology 17 (2):286.score: 7.0
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  34. A. H. Holway & L. M. Hurvich (1938). On the Psychophysics of Taste. I. Pressure and Area as Variants. Journal of Experimental Psychology 23 (2):191.score: 7.0
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  35. E. Parker Johnson & Lorrin A. Riggs (1951). Electroretinal and Psychophysical Dark Adaptation Curves. Journal of Experimental Psychology 41 (2):139.score: 7.0
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  36. Gregory R. Lockhead (1992). Psychophysical Scaling: Judgments of Attributes or Objects? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (3):543-558.score: 7.0
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  37. John Ross & Vincent di Lollo (1968). A Vector Model for Psychophysical Judgment. Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (3p2):1.score: 7.0
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  38. William Simpson & James F. Voss (1961). Psychophysical Judgments of Probabilistic Stimulus Sequencies. Journal of Experimental Psychology 62 (4):416.score: 7.0
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  39. Heather Wood (1969). Psychophysics of Active Kinesthesis. Journal of Experimental Psychology 79 (3p1):480.score: 7.0
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  40. Neil Sinhababu, Fine-Tuning and Psychophysical Laws.score: 6.0
    I present a novel objection to fine-tuning arguments for God's existence: the metaphysical possibility of different psychophysical laws allows any values of the physical constants to support intelligent life forms, like protons and electrons in love.
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  41. Noa Latham (1999). Davidson and Kim on Psychophysical Laws. Synthese 118 (2):121-44.score: 6.0
    Nearly 30 years have passed since Donald Davidson first presented his ar- gument against the possibility of psychophysical laws in “Mental Events”. The argument applies to intentional rather than phenomenal properties, so whenever I refer to mental properties and to psychophysical laws it should be understood that I mean intentional properties and laws relating them to physical properties. No consensus has emerged over what the argument actually is, and the subsequent versions of it presented by Davidson show significant differences. But (...)
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  42. Michael Pauen (2006). Feeling Causes. Journal of Consciousness Studies 13 (1-2):129-152.score: 6.0
    According to qualia-epiphenomenalism, phenomenal properties are causally inefficacious, they are metaphysically distinct from, and nomologically connected with certain physical properties. The present paper argues that the claim of causal inefficacy undermines any effort to establish the alleged nomological connection. Epiphenomenalists concede that variations of phenomenal properties in the absence of any variation of physical/functional properties are logically possible, however they deny that these variations are nomologically possible. But if such variations have neither causal nor functional consequences, there is no way (...)
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  43. Prof Max Velmans (2009). Psychophysical Nature. In Cogprints.score: 6.0
    There are two quite distinct ways in which events that we normally think of as “physical” relate in an intimate way to events that we normally think of as “psychological”. One intimate relation occurs in exteroception at the point where events in the world become events as-perceived. The other intimate relationship occurs at the interface of conscious experience with its neural correlates in the brain. The chapter examines each of these relationships and positions them within a dual-aspect, reflexive model of (...)
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  44. Michael Heidelberger (2003). The Mind-Body Problem in the Origin of Logical Empiricism: Herbert Feigl and Psychophysical Parallelism. In Paolo Parrini, Wes Salmon & Merrilee Salmon (eds.), Cogprints. Pittsburgh University Pres. 233--262.score: 6.0
    In the 19th century, "Psychophysical Parallelism" was the most popular solution of the mind-body problem among physiologists, psychologists and philosophers. (This is not to be mixed up with Leibnizian and other cases of "Cartesian" parallelism.) The fate of this non-Cartesian view, as founded by Gustav Theodor Fechner, is reviewed. It is shown that Feigl's "identity theory" eventually goes back to Alois Riehl who promoted a hybrid version of psychophysical parallelism and Kantian mind-body theory which was taken up by Feigl's teacher (...)
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  45. Ausonio Marras (1993). Psychophysical Supervenience and Nonreductive Materialism. Synthese 95 (2):275-304.score: 6.0
    Jaegwon Kim and others have claimed that (strong) psychophysical supervenience entails the reducibility of mental properties to physical properties. I argue that this claim is unwarranted with respect to epistemic (explanatory) reducibility (either of a global or of a local sort), as well as with respect to ontological reducibility. I then attempt to show that a robust version of nonreductive materialism (which I call supervenient token-physicalism) can be defended against the charge that nonreductive materialism leads to epiphenomenalism in failing to (...)
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  46. Jiří Wackermann (2010). Psychophysics as a Science of Primary Experience. Philosophical Psychology 23 (2):189 – 206.score: 6.0
    In Fechner's psychophysics, the 'mental' and the 'physical' were conceived as two phenomenal domains, connected by functional relations, not as two ontologically different realms. We follow the path from Fechner's foundational ideas and Mach's radical programme of a unitary science to later approaches to primary, psychophysically neutral experience (phenomenology, protophysics). We propose an 'integral psychophysics' as a mathematical study of law-like, invariant structures of primary experience. This approach is illustrated by a reinterpretation of psychophysical experiments in terms of perceptual situations (...)
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  47. M. Chirimuuta (forthcoming). Psychophysical Methods and the Evasion of Introspection. .score: 6.0
    In this paper I argue that certain methodological conventions within psychophysics reflect a continued uncertainty over the reliability of subjects’ introspective judgements. Firstly, different psychophysical methods do not rely equally on the introspective capabilities of experimental subjects. I contrast “minimally introspective” tasks with “introspection-reliant” ones. It is only in the latter that introspection can be said to have a nontrivial role in the subjects’ performance. Secondly, my distinction maps onto a number of important methodological divisions in vision science. The introspection-reliant (...)
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  48. Peter C. M. Molenaar (2006). Psychophysical Dualism From the Point of View of a Working Psychologist. Erkenntnis 65 (1):47-69.score: 6.0
    Cognitive neuroscience constitutes the third phase of development of the field of cognitive psychophysiology since it was established about half a century ago. A critical historical overview is given of this development, focusing on recurring problems that keep frustrating great expectations. It is argued that psychology has to regain its independent status with respect to cognitive neuroscience and should take psychophysical dualism seriously. A constructive quantum physical model for psychophysical interaction is presented, based on a new stochastic interpretation of the (...)
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  49. Mark Holowchak (2004). Lucretius on the Gates of Horn and Ivory: A Psychophysical Challenge to Prophecy by Dreams. Journal of the History of Philosophy 42 (4):355-368.score: 6.0
    : Lucretius' Epicurean account of dreams in Book IV of De Rerum Natura indicates that they are wholly void of prophetic significance and of little practical significance. Dreams, rightly apprehended, do little more than mirror our daily preoccupations. For Lucretius, all dreams pass through the gate of ivory and all are reducible to psychophysical phenomena.In this paper, I examine Lucretius' account of sleep and the formation of dreams in light of the Epicurean aims of the poem as a whole. In (...)
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  50. Alistair M. C. Isaac (2012). Quantifying the Subjective: Psychophysics and the Geometry of Color. Philosophical Psychology 26 (2):207 - 233.score: 6.0
    (2013). Quantifying the subjective: Psychophysics and the geometry of color. Philosophical Psychology: Vol. 26, No. 2, pp. 207-233. doi: 10.1080/09515089.2012.660139.
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