Search results for 'Public interest' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. David Lewis (2008). Ten Years of Public Interest Disclosure Legislation in the UK: Are Whistleblowers Adequately Protected? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 82 (2):497 - 507.score: 90.0
    Purpose The purpose of this article is to assess the operation of the UK’s Public Interest Disclosure Act 1998 (PIDA 1998) during its first 10 years and to consider its implications for the whistleblowing process. Method The article sets the legislation into context by discussing the common law background. It then gives detailed consideration to the statutory provisions and how they have been interpreted by the courts and tribunals. Results In assessing the impact of the legislation’s approach to (...)
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  2. Ian O'Flynn (2010). Deliberating About the Public Interest. Res Publica 16 (3):299-315.score: 90.0
    Although the idea of the public interest features prominently in many accounts of deliberative democracy, the relationship between deliberative democracy and the public interest is rarely spelt out with any degree of precision. In this article, I identify and defend one particular way of framing this relationship. I begin by arguing that people can deliberate about the public interest only if the public interest is, in principle, identifiable independently of their deliberations. Of (...)
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  3. Lucinda Vandervort (2012). Access to Justice and the Public Interest in the Administration of Justice. University of New Brunswick Law Journal 63:124-144.score: 90.0
    The public interest in the administration of justice requires access to justice for all. But access to justice must be “meaningful” access. Meaningful access requires procedures, processes, and institutional structures that facilitate communication among participants and decision-makers and ensure that judges and other decision-makers have the resources they need to render fully informed and sound decisions. Working from that premise, which is based on a reconceptualization of the objectives and methods of the justice process, the author proposes numerous (...)
     
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  4. Keith D. Warner, Kent M. Daane, Christina M. Getz, Stephen P. Maurano, Sandra Calderon & Kathleen A. Powers (2011). The Decline of Public Interest Agricultural Science and the Dubious Future of Crop Biological Control in California. Agriculture and Human Values 28 (4):483-496.score: 90.0
    Drawing from a four-year study of US science institutions that support biological control of arthropods, this article examines the decline in biological control institutional capacity in California within the context of both declining public interest science and declining agricultural research activism. After explaining how debates over the public interest character of biological control science have shaped institutions in California, we use scientometric methods to assess the present status and trends in biological control programs within both the (...)
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  5. Vytautas Nekrošius (2012). Protection of Public Interest in Civil Procedure and the Doctrine of the Constitutional Court. Jurisprudence 19 (3):1101-1110.score: 74.0
    On 21 June 2011 the Parliament of the Republic of Lithuania adopted extensive and important amendments of the Code of Civil Procedure of the Republic of Lithuania. Most of them came into force on 1 October 2011.One of the important tasks that have been mentioned for the preparation of amendments was to ensure the implementation of the Constitutional Court’s doctrine of matters of civil procedure. This article analyses one of the changed aspect - the system of defence of public (...)
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  6. Kees Brants, Joke Hermes & Liesbet van Zoonen (eds.) (1998). The Media in Question: Popular Cultures and Public Interests. Sage Publications.score: 66.0
    Media in Question sets the agenda for a revitalized debate on the hybrid communicative practices that constitute the postmodern media landscape: practices that cross the boundaries between fact and fiction, information and entertainment, public knowledge, and popular culture. In this challenging and provocative collection, the individual contributors rethink key issuesùthe meaning of the public interest, the quality of media performance, and deregulation. In the process they raise questions rarely addressed in normative media theories, for example, the ethics (...)
     
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  7. John J. Stuhr & Robin M. Cochran (eds.) (1989). Public Morals and Private Interest: Ethics in Government and Public Service. University of Oregon Books.score: 66.0
  8. B. Capps (2012). The Public Interest, Public Goods, and Third-Party Access to UK Biobank. Public Health Ethics 5 (3):240-251.score: 63.0
    In 2007, the Ethics and Governance Council of the UK Biobank commissioned a Report on ‘Concepts of Public Good and Pubic Interest in Access Policies’. This study considered the Biobank’s role as a ‘public good’ in respect to supporting and promoting health throughout society. However, the conditions under which access by third parties to UK Biobank are justified in the public interest have not been well considered. In this article, I propose to analyse the conditions (...)
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  9. Jeremy Iggers (1998). Good News, Bad News: Journalism Ethics and the Public Interest. Westviewpress.score: 60.0
    Public dissatisfaction with the news media frequently gives rise to calls for journalists to live up to the ethical standards of their profession. But what if the fault lies in part with the standards themselves?Jeremy Iggers argues that journalism’s institutionalized conversation about ethics largely evades the most important issues regarding the public interest and the civic responsibilities of the press. Changes in the ownership and organization of the news media make these issues especially timely; although journalism’s ethics (...)
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  10. Thomas H. Bivins (1993). Public Relations, Professionalism, and the Public Interest. Journal of Business Ethics 12 (2):117 - 126.score: 60.0
    The public interest statement contained in the PRSA Code of Professional Standards is unduly vague and provides neither a working definition of public interest nor any guidance for the performance of what most professions consider to be a primary value. This paper addresses the question of what might constitute public relations service in the public interest, and calls for more stringent guidelines to be developed whereby the profession may advance its service goals more (...)
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  11. David L. Martinson (1995). Ethical Public Relations Practitioners Must Not Ignore 'Public Interest'. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 10 (4):210 – 222.score: 60.0
    In this study the author argues that public relations practitioners must not ignore the public interest even though the term has been the subject of vigorous debate within both academic and professional circles. The author maintains - not-withstanding the controversy - that the public interest is intrinsic to the very definition of what it is public relations people do. He suggests the solution to the definitional problem rests in first formulating an abstract (general) definition, (...)
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  12. Denise Meyerson, Why Courts Should Not Balance Rights Against the Public Interest.score: 60.0
    Most bills of rights allow for the restriction of rights in the interests of the public. But how should courts decide when the public interest should prevail? This article draws on philosophical work on practical reasoning to argue against the popular view that courts should use a balancing test which weighs the consequences of protecting the right against the consequences of restricting it. It argues that there are good reasons to 'overprotect' rights: judges, in their reasoning, should (...)
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  13. Kevin Stoker & Megan Stoker (2012). The Paradox of Public Interest: How Serving Individual Superior Interests Fulfill Public Relations' Obligation to the Public Interest. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 27 (1):31-45.score: 60.0
    Since the early 20th century, advocates of public relations professionalism have mandated that practitioners serve the public interest making it an ethical standard for evaluating the morality of public relations practice. However, the field has devoted little research to determining just what it means for practitioners to serve the public interest. Most research suggests practice-oriented solutions. This article focuses what practitioners must do to serve the public interest. It reviews theories of the (...)
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  14. Sheri Berman (2011). Social Democracy and the Creation of the Public Interest. Critical Review 23 (3):237-256.score: 60.0
    ABSTRACT The Swedish case bears out Lewin's contention, in Self-Interest and Public Interest in Western Politics, that public spiritedness is much more important than is suggested by public-choice theories positing the universal dominance of self-interestedness. However, in Sweden we find that public spiritedness on the part of the public?as evidenced, for example, in sociotropic voting?was cultivated by political institutions, policies, and rhetoric that transformed a divided, conflictual society into one in which the ? (...) interest? was both coherent and desirable. In turn, this cultivation was the result of decisions by politicians that were, in the most simplistic sense, self-interested, because they secured the politicians? election and re-election. But the goal of election and re-election was to create a just society. In short, the politicians, too, were public spirited. (shrink)
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  15. Cristi K. Lindblom & Robert G. Ruland (1997). Functionalist and Conflict Views of AICPA Code of Conduct: Public Interest Vs. Self Interest. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 16 (5):573-582.score: 60.0
    The sociological models of functionalism and conflict are introduced and utilized to analyze professionalism in the accounting profession as it is manifest in the American Institute of Certified Public Accountant's Code of Conduct. Rule 203 of the Code and provisions of the Code related to the public interest are examined using semiotic analysis to determine if they are most consistent with the functionalist or conflict models. While the analysis does not address intent of the Code, it is (...)
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  16. Michael C. Munger (2011). Self-Interest and Public Interest: The Motivations of Political Actors. Critical Review 23 (3):339-357.score: 60.0
    ABSTRACT Self-Interest and Public Interest in Western Politics showed that the public, politicians, and bureaucrats are often public spirited. But this does not invalidate public-choice theory. Public-choice theory is an ideal type, not a claim that self-interest explains all political behavior. Instead, public-choice theory is useful in creating rules and institutions that guard against the worst case, which would be universal self-interestedness in politics. In contrast, the public-interest hypothesis is (...)
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  17. J. V. McHale & J. Jones (2012). Privacy, Confidentiality and Abortion Statistics: A Question of Public Interest? Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (1):31-34.score: 60.0
    Next SectionThe precise nature and scope of healthcare confidentiality has long been the subject of debate. While the obligation of confidentiality is integral to professional ethical codes and is also safeguarded under English law through the equitable remedy of breach of confidence, underpinned by the right to privacy enshrined in Article 8 of the Human Rights Act 1998, it has never been regarded as absolute. But when can and should personal information be made available for statistical and research purposes and (...)
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  18. D. Roderick Kiewiet & Michael S. Lewis-Beck (2011). No Man is an Island: Self-Interest, the Public Interest, and Sociotropic Voting. Critical Review 23 (3):303-319.score: 60.0
    ABSTRACT Four decades ago, Gerald Kramer showed that economic conditions affect electoral outcomes. Some researchers took this to mean that voters were self-interested, voting their ?pocketbooks,? while others, such as Leif Lewin, took it to mean that voters were sociotropic, motivated by the public interest?and therefore altruistic. It is important, however, to avoid conflating sociotropic voters with altruistic ones. Voters might be voting in favor of politicians or parties that they think will further the public (...) as an indirect route to furthering their own interests, as members of the public. More research, perhaps conducted using novel methodologies, is needed in order to settle the extent to which voters are motivated by self-interest or by the public interest. (shrink)
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  19. David Malone & Robin W. Roberts (1996). Public Interest Reports as a Medium for Corporate Disclosure: The Case of General Motors. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 15 (7):759 - 771.score: 60.0
    We examined the public interest reports of General Motors from 1971 to 1990 and presented the contents thereof herein. The principal areas disclosed by GM during those years that are discussed in this paper were minorities, women, and employment issues, energy and the environment, international operations, automotive safety, and philanthropic activity. The purpose of this study was to examine the public interest report as a vehicle through which a firm might disclose information in the public (...)
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  20. Dennis C. Mueller (2011). The Importance of Self-Interest and Public Interest in Politics. Critical Review 23 (3):321-338.score: 60.0
    ABSTRACT In its attempt to prove that voters, politicians, and bureaucrats are motivated by the public interest, Self-Interest and Public Interest in Western Politics overlooks a great deal of public-choice research, to which much has been added during the two decades since it was published. The importance of self-interest at both the micro and macro levels of politics becomes clear once one looks not simply at the ?inputs? of a democracy but at its (...)
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  21. James Fisher, Sally Gunz & John McCutcheon (2001). Private/Public Interest and the Enforcement of a Code of Professional Conduct. Journal of Business Ethics 31 (3):191 - 207.score: 60.0
    There has been considerable interest in the literature about how professions operate in both the private and public interest. This paper examines this issue in the context of the enforcement of the professional code of conduct of a particular professional accounting association. The paper explores whether certain enforcement actions of the association suggest behaviour motivated at least partially by private interest. It then considers whether the consequences of such behaviour or practices are troubling.
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  22. Joachim Schummer, Reading Nano: The Public Interest in Nanotechnology as Reflected in Purchase Patterns of Books.score: 60.0
    There is a rapidly growing public interest in nanotechnology such that people increasingly buy various books to inform themselves about nanotechnology. This paper tries to measure the public interest focus on nanotechnology and its relation to the public interest in other fields of knowledge by applying a new method. I combine formal network analysis of co-purchase book data with traditional content analysis. The method is successful in identifying the books that the public reads (...)
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  23. R. Wheeler, P. Spargo & A. Lucassen (2011). The Shifting Sands of Patient Autonomy and Public Interest Considerations in Health Care. Clinical Ethics 6 (4):203-206.score: 60.0
    The past few decades have seen patient autonomy ascend to a prime position in health care. Patient consent is seen as a key component to expression of autonomy. Yet, interventions may also be justified without consent because they are deemed to be in the public interest. We observe some subtle shifts in balance in these justifications in health care and illustrate these with a range of examples. We hope thereby to stimulate a more explicit debate so that health-care (...)
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  24. Bradley Stewart Chilton (1998). Constitutional Conscience: Criminal Justice and Public Interest Ethics. Criminal Justice Ethics 17 (2):33-41.score: 60.0
    (1998). Constitutional conscience: Criminal justice and public interest ethics. Criminal Justice Ethics: Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 33-41. doi: 10.1080/0731129X.1998.9992056.
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  25. Jane Maienschein (2001). On Cloning: Advocating History of Biology in the Public Interest. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 34 (3):423 - 432.score: 60.0
    Cloning -- the process of creating a cell, tissue line or even a complete organism from a single cell -- or the strands that led to the cloning of a mammal, Dolly, are not new. Yet the media coverage of Dolly's inception raised a range of reactions from fear or moral repulsion, to cautious optimism. The implications for controlling human reproduction were clearly in the forefront, though many issues about animals emerged as well. On topics of public interest (...)
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  26. Ben A. Minteer (2005). Environmental Philosophy and the Public Interest: A Pragmatic Reconciliation. Environmental Values 14 (1):37 - 60.score: 60.0
    Most environmental philosophers have had little use for 'conventional' philosophical and political thought. This is unfortunate, because these traditions can greatly contribute to environmental ethics and policy discussions. One mainstream concept of potential value for environmental philosophy is the notion of the public interest. Yet even though the public interest is widely acknowledged to be a powerful ethical standard in public affairs and public policy, there has been little agreement on its descriptive meaning. A (...)
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  27. Sunwoong Kim & Kisuk Cho (2004). Political Cynicism, Public Interest Blackballing and Voter Turnout: The Case of South Korea's 2000 National Assembly Elections. Japanese Journal of Political Science 5 (1):91-111.score: 60.0
    In the South Korea's 16th National Assembly (NA) elections held on 13 April 2000, there was widespread speculation that the Citizens Alliance's (CA's) public interest blackballing campaign against candidates increased voter cynicism and decreased voter turnout, as it was the lowest ever for NA elections. We empirically evaluate this speculation by conducting logit analyses of individual voter survey data as well as regression analyses on district-wide aggregated data on turnout. Although we find that cynical voters are likely to (...)
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  28. Michael Monahan (2005). Private Property and Public Interest. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 12 (2):17-21.score: 60.0
    In this paper I explore the limitations of liberal political theory in relation to the notions of public property and public interest. I argue that the fundamentally atomistic and individualistic ontological foundations of the liberal tradition preclude any coherent notion of public goods and public interest.
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  29. Yi-Hui Huang (2001). Should a Public Relations Code of Ethics Be Enforced? Journal of Business Ethics 31 (3):259 - 270.score: 54.0
    Whether or not a public relations code of ethics should be enforced, among others, has become one of the most widely controversial topics, especially after the Hill and Knowlton case in 1992. I take the position that ethical codes should be enforced and address this issue from eight aspects: (a) Is a code of ethics an absolute prerequisite of professionalism? (b) Should problems of rhetoric per se in a code of ethics become a rationale against code enforcement? (c) Is (...)
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  30. Jay Blumler (1998). Ii in Search of the Public Interest. In Kees Brants, Joke Hermes & Liesbet van Zoonen (eds.), The Media in Question: Popular Cultures and Public Interests. Sage Publications. 51.score: 52.0
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  31. George Gerbner (1998). Iv the Politics of Popular Culture 13 Stories of Violence and the Public Interest. In Kees Brants, Joke Hermes & Liesbet van Zoonen (eds.), The Media in Question: Popular Cultures and Public Interests. Sage Publications. 135.score: 52.0
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  32. Jay Blumler (1998). Wrestling with the Public Interest in Organized Communications. In Kees Brants, Joke Hermes & Liesbet van Zoonen (eds.), The Media in Question: Popular Cultures and Public Interests. Sage Publications. 51--63.score: 52.0
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  33. George Gerbner (1998). Stories of Violence and the Public Interest. In Kees Brants, Joke Hermes & Liesbet van Zoonen (eds.), The Media in Question: Popular Cultures and Public Interests. Sage Publications.score: 52.0
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  34. L. Van Zoonen, J. Hermes & K. Brants (1998). Introduction: Of Public Interest and Popular Interests. In Kees Brants, Joke Hermes & Liesbet van Zoonen (eds.), The Media in Question: Popular Cultures and Public Interests. Sage Publications.score: 52.0
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  35. Elmer W. Johnson (1986). General Motors Corporation, its Constituencies and the Public Interest. Journal of Business Ethics 5 (3):173 - 176.score: 51.0
    This article about the social responsibility of the large corporation is not a paper about stewardship in general. If it were, it would have to focus primarily on the principle of long-term market accountability and the related principle of fidelity to long-term stockholder interests. Most of management's stewardship responsibilities can be subsumed under those two principles.This paper will deal with areas in which those two principles alone are not adequate to define management's stewardship responsibilities. These areas of social accountability occur (...)
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  36. Don A. Moore (ed.) (2005). Conflicts of Interest: Challenges and Solutions in Business, Law, Medicine, and Public Policy. Cambridge University Press.score: 50.0
    This collection explores the subject of conflicts of interest. It investigates how to manage conflicts of interest, how they can affect well-meaning professionals, and how they can limit the effectiveness of corporate boards, undermine professional ethics, and corrupt expert opinion. Legal and policy responses are considered, some of which (e.g., disclosure) are shown to backfire and even fail. The results offer a sobering prognosis for professional ethics and for anyone who relies on professionals who have conflicts of (...). The contributors are leading authorities on the subject in the fields of law, medicine, management, public policy, and psychology. The nuances of the problems posedby conflicts of interest will be highlighted for readers in an effort to demonstrate the manyways that structuring incentives can affect decision making and organizations' financial well-being. (shrink)
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  37. Rose-Mary Sargent, Philosophy of Science in the Public Interest: Useful Knowledge and the Common Good.score: 49.0
    The standard of disinterested objectivity embedded within the US Data Quality Act (2001) has been used by corporate and political interests as a way to limit the dissemination of scientific research results that conflict with their goals. This is an issue that philosophers of science can, and should, publicly address because it involves an evaluation of the strength and adequacy of evidence. Analysis of arguments from a philosophical tradition that defended a concept of useful knowledge (later displaced by Logical Empiricism) (...)
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  38. Theodore M. Benditt (1973). The Public Interest. Philosophy and Public Affairs 2 (3):291-311.score: 48.0
  39. David L. Martinson (1994). Enlightened Self-Interest Fails as an Ethical Baseline in Public Relations. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 9 (2):100 – 108.score: 48.0
    Some in public relations have suggested that practitioners adopt a philosophy of enlightened self-interest as an ethical baseline. The author contends that such a theory must be rejected because even the enlightened variety does not adequately weigh the needs of significant others - a central consideration in any effort to define ethical behavior. The author maintains that genuine sacrifice - at times required of those desiring to do the right thing - clearly can conflict with any theory espousing (...)
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  40. Makoto Usami (2008). Law as Public Policy: Combining Justice with Interest. In Tadeusz Biernat & Marek Zirk-Sadowski (eds.), Politics of Law and Legal Policy: Between Modern and Post-Modern Jurisprudence. Wolters Kluwer Polska. 292--315.score: 48.0
    In newly emerging democracies, succeeding governments have numerous policy tasks for the purpose of developing the free market and the democratic process. In such legal systems, policy-oriented views of law, which regard law as a policy tool for diminishing public problems, seem descriptively pertinent and prescriptively helpful. This is also the case in mature democratic legal systems, where the public problems faced by governments become more and more complex. Policy-directional views of law do not necessarily imply that law (...)
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  41. J. R. Lucas (1987). The Worm and the Juggernaut: Justice and the Public Interest. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 6 (2):51 - 59.score: 48.0
    In Britain I have had many occasions to speak at public Inquiries, nearly always against some proposal to build a new road in some locality I live in or like. I have often had thoughts about how very bad the British system is, and how much better these question are considered and decided elsewhere, and in thinking about the matter have been led to ponder the nature of the decision being reached, and the proper principles which ought to govern (...)
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  42. Catherine M. Daily (2003). Initial Public Offerings as a Web of Conflicts of Interest. Business Ethics Quarterly 13 (3):289-314.score: 48.0
    While a ubiquitous phenomenon, initial public offerings (IPOs) have received no attention in the ethics literature. We provide an overview of a series of potential conflicts of interest that pervade the IPO process. We also report the results of an empiricalassessment of IPOs and those elements that may inform a substantive moral hazard faced by key players in the period prior to and justafter an IPO.
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  43. Elizabeth K. Dougall, Patricia A. Curtin, Lois A. Boynton & Rachel Mersey (2006). Can Serving the Public Interest Also Interest the Public? A Content Analysis of the Yahoo! News Portal. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 17:93-97.score: 48.0
    A functioning democracy depends on the free flow of information in the marketplace of ideas, creating an informed citizenry that can engage in public debate.This study examines the most-used online news portal, Yahoo!, to determine if the news media industry can be simultaneously profitable and socially responsible, providing the public with news that is both informative and engaging in an increasingly global world.
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  44. John Coggon (2008). Best Interests, Public Interest, and the Power of the Medical Profession. Health Care Analysis 16 (3):219-232.score: 48.0
    This article provides an understanding and defence of ‘best interests’. The analysis is performed in the context of, and is informed by, English law. The understanding that develops allows for differences in values, and is thus argued to be appropriate in a pluralist liberal system. When understood properly, it is argued, best interests provides the best means of decision-making for people deemed incompetent to decide for themselves. It is accepted that some commentators are cynical of best interests in practice. Following (...)
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  45. Robert J. MacCoun (2005). Conflicts of Interest in Public Policy Research. In Don A. Moore (ed.), Conflicts of Interest: Challenges and Solutions in Business, Law, Medicine, and Public Policy. Cambridge University Press.score: 48.0
     
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  46. Nick Bostrom (forthcoming). Smart Policy: Cognitive Enhancement and the Public Interest. In Julian Savulescu, Ruud ter Muelen & Guy Kahane (eds.), Enhancing Human Capabilities. Wiley-Blackwell.score: 45.0
    Cognitive enhancement may be defined as the amplification or extension of core capacities of the mind through improvement or augmentation of internal or external information processing systems. Cognition refers to the processes an organism uses to organize information. These include acquiring information (perception), selecting (attention), representing (understanding) and retaining (memory) information, and using it to guide behavior (reasoning and coordination of motor outputs). Interventions to improve cognitive function may be directed at any of these core faculties.
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  47. Marvin T. Brown (2006). Corporate Integrity and Public Interest: A Relational Approach to Business Ethics and Leadership. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 66 (1):11 - 18.score: 45.0
    This paper approaches the question of corporate integrity and leadership from a civic perspective, which means that corporations are seen as members of civil society, corporate members are seen as citizens, and corporate decisions are guided by civic norms. Corporate integrity, from this perspective, requires that the communication patterns that constitute interpersonal relationships at work exhibit the civic norm of reciprocity and acknowledge the need for security and the right to participate. Since leaders are members of corporate relationships, their integrity (...)
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  48. C. W. Cassinelli (1958). Some Reflections on the Concept of the Public Interest. Ethics 69 (1):48-61.score: 45.0
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  49. Bruce Douglass (1980). The Common Good and the Public Interest. Political Theory 8 (1):103-117.score: 45.0
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  50. Michael James (1981). Public Interest and Majority Rule in Bentham's Democratic Theory. Political Theory 9 (1):49-64.score: 45.0
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