Search results for 'Quality' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  76
    Jacob Stegenga (forthcoming). Herding QATs: Quality Assessment Tools for Evidence in Medicine. In Huneman, Silberstein & Lambert (eds.), Herding QATs: Quality Assessment Tools for Evidence in Medicine.
    Medical scientists employ ‘quality assessment tools’ (QATs) to measure the quality of evidence from clinical studies, especially randomized controlled trials (RCTs). These tools are designed to take into account various methodological details of clinical studies, including randomization, blinding, and other features of studies deemed relevant to minimizing bias and error. There are now dozens available. The various QATs on offer differ widely from each other, and second-order empirical studies show that QATs have low inter-rater reliability and low inter-tool (...)
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2. Matthew A. Benton (2016). Gricean Quality. Noûs (1).
    Some philosophers oppose recent arguments for the Knowledge Account of Assertion by claiming that assertion, being an act much like any other, will be subject to norms governing acts generally, such as those articulated by Grice for the purpose of successful, cooperative endeavours. But in fact, Grice is a traitor to their cause; or rather, they are his dissenters, not his disciples. Drawing on Grice's unpublished papers, I show that he thought of asserting as a special linguistic act in need (...)
  3.  55
    T. L. P. Tang (2007). Income and Quality of Life: Does the Love of Money Make a Difference? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 72 (4):375 - 393.
    This paper examines a model of income and quality of life that controls the love of money, job satisfaction, gender, and marital status and treats employment status (full-time versus part-time), income level, and gender as moderators. For the whole sample, income was not significantly related to quality of life when this path was examined alone. When all variables were controlled, income was negatively related to quality of life. When (1) the love of money was negatively correlated to (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   9 citations  
  4.  11
    Steven E. Kaplan & Joseph J. Schultz (2007). Intentions to Report Questionable Acts: An Examination of the Influence of Anonymous Reporting Channel, Internal Audit Quality, and Setting. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 71 (2):109 - 124.
    The Sarbanes–Oxley Act of 2002 requires audit committees of public companies’ boards of directors to install an anonymous reporting channel to assist in deterring and detecting accounting fraud and control weaknesses. While it is generally accepted that the availability of such a reporting channel may reduce the reporting cost of the observer of a questionable act, there is concern that the addition of such a channel may decrease the overall effectiveness compared to a system employing only non-anonymous reporting options. The (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   9 citations  
  5.  7
    Patrick M. Erwin (2011). Corporate Codes of Conduct: The Effects of Code Content and Quality on Ethical Performance. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 99 (4):535 - 548.
    Corporate codes of conduct are a practical corporate social responsibility (CSR) instrument commonly used to govern employee behavior and establish a socially responsible organizational culture. The effectiveness of these codes has been widely discussed on theoretical grounds and empirically tested in numerous previous reports that directly compare companies with and without codes of conduct. Empirical research has yielded inconsistent results that may be explained by multiple ancillary factors, including the quality of code content and implementation, which are excluded from (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  6.  2
    David B. Resnik & Susan A. Elmore (forthcoming). Ensuring the Quality, Fairness, and Integrity of Journal Peer Review: A Possible Role of Editors. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-20.
    A growing body of literature has identified potential problems that can compromise the quality, fairness, and integrity of journal peer review, including inadequate review, inconsistent reviewer reports, reviewer biases, and ethical transgressions by reviewers. We examine the evidence concerning these problems and discuss proposed reforms, including double-blind and open review. Regardless of the outcome of additional research or attempts at reforming the system, it is clear that editors are the linchpin of peer review, since they make decisions that have (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  7.  30
    Gopal V. Krishnan & Linda M. Parsons (2008). Getting to the Bottom Line: An Exploration of Gender and Earnings Quality. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 78 (1-2):65 - 76.
    For stakeholders, such as investors and lenders, to appropriately assess a company's financial performance, the reported accounting earnings must closely reflect the economic reality of the organization's financial activity throughout the reporting period. The degree to which reported earnings capture economic reality is called earnings quality. Managers have an ethical obligation to report high quality earnings to interested stakeholders in a timely matter. Accounting research has identified conditions within an organization, such as management compensation contracts and pending litigation (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  8.  58
    Fernando Prieto Ramos (2015). Quality Assurance in Legal Translation: Evaluating Process, Competence and Product in the Pursuit of Adequacy. International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 28 (1):11-30.
    Building on a functionalist framework for decision-making in legal translation, a holistic approach to quality is presented in order to respond to the specificities of this field and overcome the shortcomings of general models of translation quality evaluation. The proposed approach connects legal, contextual, macrotextual and microtextual variables for the definition of the translation adequacy strategy, which guides problem-solving and the rest of the translation process. The same parameters remain traceable between the translation brief and the translation product (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  9.  28
    Nonna Martinov-Bennie & Gary Pflugrath (2009). The Strength of an Accounting Firm's Ethical Environment and the Quality of Auditors' Judgments. Journal of Business Ethics 87 (2):237 - 253.
    This study examines the impact of the strength of an accounting firm’s ethical environment (presence and reinforcement vis-à-vis the presence of a code of conduct) on the quality of auditor judgment, across different levels of audit expertise. Using a 2 × 2 full factorial ‹between subjects’ experimental design, with audit managers and audit seniors, the impact of different levels of strength of the ethical environment on auditor judgments was assessed with a realistic audit scenario, requiring participants to make judgments (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  10.  8
    Diana Stuart (2009). Constrained Choice and Ethical Dilemmas in Land Management: Environmental Quality and Food Safety in California Agriculture. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (1):53-71.
    As environmental and conservation efforts increasingly turn towards agricultural landscapes, it is important to understand how land management decisions are made by agricultural producers. While previous studies have explored producer decision-making, many fail to recognize the importance of external structural influences. This paper uses a case study to explore how consolidated markets and increasing corporate power in the food system can constrain producer choice and create ethical dilemmas over land management. Crop growers in the Central Coast region of California face (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  11.  16
    Ton van der Wiele, Peter Kok, Richard McKenna & Alan Brown (2001). A Corporate Social Responsibility Audit Within a Quality Management Framework. Journal of Business Ethics 31 (4):285 - 297.
    In this paper a corporate social responsibility audit is developed following the underlying methodology of the quality award/excellence models. Firstly the extent to which the quality awards already incorporate the development of social responsibility is examined by looking at the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award and the European Quality Award. It will be shown that the quality awards do not yet include ethical aspects in relation to social responsibility. Both a clear definition of social responsibility (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   9 citations  
  12.  3
    Leah McClimans (2010). Towards Self-Determination in Quality of Life Research: A Dialogic Approach. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 13 (1):67-76.
    Health-related quality of life measures aim to assess patients’ subjective experience in order to gauge an increasingly wide variety of health care issues such as patient needs; satisfaction; side effects; quality of care; disease progression and cost effectiveness. Their popularity is undoubtedly due to a larger initiative to provide patient-centered care. The use of patient perspectives to guide health care improvements and spending is rooted in the idea that we must respect patients as self-determining agents. In this paper (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  13.  15
    Juan José Tarí (2011). Research Into Quality Management and Social Responsibility. Journal of Business Ethics 102 (4):623-638.
    This article presents a systematic literature review on quality management and social responsibility (focusing on ethical and social issues). It uses the literature review to identify the parallels between quality management and social responsibility, the extent to which qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods are used, the countries that have contributed most to this area, and how the most common quality management practices facilitate social responsibility. The literature review covers articles about quality management and social responsibility (focusing (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  14.  20
    Zhiqiang Liu, Fue Zeng & Chenting Su (2009). Does Relationship Quality Matter in Consumer Ethical Decision Making? Evidence From China. Journal of Business Ethics 88 (3):483 - 496.
    This study explores the linear logic between consumer ethical beliefs (CEBs) and consumer unethical behavior (CUB) in a Chinese context. A relational view helps fill the belief–behavior gap by exploring the moderating role of relationship quality in reducing CUBs. Specifically, when consumers are more receptive to a set of actions that may be deemed inappropriate by moral principles, they are more likely to engage in unethical behaviors. However, when consumers perceive their misconduct as possibly damaging to the relationship developed (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  15.  5
    Hongwei He & Yan Li (2011). CSR and Service Brand: The Mediating Effect of Brand Identification and Moderating Effect of Service Quality. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 100 (4):673 - 688.
    This article examines the mediation effect of brand identification and the moderating effect of service quality (SQ) on the effects of corporate social responsibility (CSR) association on service brand performance. A survey of customers of mobile telecommunications services was conducted. The study finds, first, that both CSR and SQ have direct effects on brand identification and customer satisfaction and indirect effects on customer satisfaction (via brand identification) and on service brand loyalty (via customer satisfaction and via "brand identification/customer satisfaction"). (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  16. Maya J. Goldenberg (2012). Defining Quality of Care Persuasively. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 33 (4):243-261.
    As the quality movement in health care now enters its fourth decade, the language of quality is ubiquitous. Practitioners, organizations, and government agencies alike vociferously testify their commitments to quality and accept numerous forms of governance aimed at improving quality of care. Remarkably, the powerful phrase ‘‘quality of care’’ is rarely defined in the health care literature. Instead it operates as an accepted and assumed goal worth pursuing. The status of evidence-based medicine, for instance, hinges (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17.  7
    Per-Anders Tengland (2006). The Goals of Health Work: Quality of Life, Health and Welfare. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 9 (2):155-167.
    Health-related quality of life is the ultimate general goal for medicine, health care and public health, including health promotion and health education. The other important general goal is health-related welfare. The aim of the paper is to explain what this means and what the consequences of these assumptions are for health work. This involves defining the central terms “health”, “quality of life” and “welfare” and showing what their conceptual relations are. Health-related quality of life has two central (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  18.  6
    Simon Cohn (2015). Trust My Doctor, Trust My Pancreas’: Trust as an Emergent Quality of Social Practice. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 10 (1):9.
    Growing attention is being paid to the importance of trust, and its corollaries such as mistrust and distrust, in health service and the central place they have in assessments of quality of care. Although initially focussing on doctor-patient relationships, more recent literature has broadened its remit to include trust held in more abstract entities, such as organisations and institutions. There has consequently been growing interest to develop rigorous and universal measures of trust.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  19.  4
    Marie-Ange Einaudi, Catherine Gire, Pascal Auquier & Pierre Le Coz (2015). How Do Physicians Perceive Quality of Life? Ethical Questioning in Neonatology. BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):50.
    The outcome of very preterm infants is marked by the development of complications that can have an impact on the quality of life of the children and their families. The concept of quality of life and its evaluation in the long term raise semantic and ethical problems for French physicians in perinatal care. Our reflection aims to gain a better understanding of the representations surrounding quality of life in neonatal medicine.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20.  30
    Terence J. Lovat (2010). Synergies and Balance Between Values Education and Quality Teaching. Educational Philosophy and Theory 42 (4):489-500.
    The article will focus on the implicit values dimension that is evident in research findings concerning quality teaching. Furthermore, it sets out to demonstrate that maximizing the effects of quality teaching requires explicit attention to this values dimension and that this can be achieved through a well-crafted values education program. Evidence for this latter claim will come from international studies as well as from the Australian Government's Values Education Program and, especially from the Values Education Good Practice Schools (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  21. Jerome R. Ravetz (2002). Food Safety, Quality, and Ethics – a Post-Normal Perspective. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 15 (3):255-265.
    I argue that the issues of foodquality, in the most general sense includingpurity, safety, and ethics, can no longer beresolved through ``normal'' science andregulation. The reliance on reductionistscience as the basis for policy andimplementation has shown itself to beinadequate. I use several borderline examplesbetween drugs and foods, particularly coffeeand sucrose, to show that ``quality'' is now acomplex attribute. For in those cases thesubstance is either a pure drug, or a bad foodwith drug-like properties; both are marketed asif they were (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  22.  17
    Jude Smith Rachele (2012). The Diversity Quality Cycle: Driving Culture Change Through Innovative Governance. [REVIEW] AI and Society 27 (3):399-416.
    Corporate diversity initiatives have neither yielded higher financial returns for companies nor created significantly greater equity and equality of outcome for socially disadvantaged groups within organisations. There has been a systematic failure of diversity initiatives, as the strategic business importance of diversity has been avoided. Researchers argue that effective diversity management is dependent upon appropriate structures and systems, not upon human resource management training alone. This article discusses the impact of the design, introduction and application of the ‘Diversity Quality (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  23.  49
    Aaron Preston (2005). Quality Instances and the Structure of the Concrete Particular. Axiomathes 15 (2):267-292.
    In this paper, I examine a puzzle that emerges from what J. P. Moreland has called the traditional realist view of quality instances. Briefly put, the puzzle is to figure out how quality instances fit into the overall structure of a concrete particular, given that the traditional realist view of quality instances prima facie seems incompatible with what might be called the traditional realist view of concrete particulars. After having discussed the traditional realist views involved and the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  24.  6
    Leah McClimans & John P. Browne (2012). Quality of Life is a Process Not an Outcome. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 33 (4):279-292.
    Quality improvement mechanisms increasingly use outcome measures to evaluate health care providers. This move toward outcome measures is a radical departure from the traditional focus on process measures. More radical still is the proposal to shift from relatively simple and proximal measures of outcome, such as mortality, to complex outcomes, such as quality of life. While the practical, scientific, and ethical issues associated with the use of outcomes such as mortality and morbidity to compare health care providers have (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  25.  67
    Jennifer McKitrick (2002). Reid's Foundation for the Primary/Secondary Quality Distinction. Philosophical Quarterly 52 (209):478-494.
    Reid offers an under-appreciated account of the primary/secondary quality distinction. He gives sound reasons for rejecting the views of Locke, Boyle, Galileo and others, and presents a better alternative, according to which the distinction is epistemic rather than metaphysical. Primary qualities, for Reid, are qualities whose intrinsic natures can be known through sensation. Secondary qualities, on the other hand, are unknown causes of sensations. Some may object that Reid's view is internally inconsistent, or unacceptably relativistic. However, a deeper understanding (...)
    Direct download (12 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  26.  2
    Karijn Bonne & Wim Verbeke (2008). Religious Values Informing Halal Meat Production and the Control and Delivery of Halal Credence Quality. Agriculture and Human Values 25 (1):35-47.
    This paper investigates the socio-technical construction, quality control, and coordination of the credence quality attribute “halal” throughout the halal meat chain. The paper is framed within Actor-Network Theory and economic Conventions Theory. Islamic dietary laws or prescriptions, and how these are translated into production and processing standards using a HACCP-like approach, are discussed. Current halal quality coordination is strongly based on civic and domestic logics in which Muslim consumers prefer transacting with Muslim butchers, that is, individuals of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  27.  10
    Peter Kok, Ton van der Wiele, Richard McKenna & Alan Brown (2001). A Corporate Social Responsibility Audit Within a Quality Management Framework. Journal of Business Ethics 31 (4):285 - 297.
    In this paper a corporate social responsibility audit is developed following the underlying methodology of the quality award/excellence models. Firstly the extent to which the quality awards already incorporate the development of social responsibility is examined by looking at the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award and the European Quality Award. It will be shown that the quality awards do not yet include ethical aspects in relation to social responsibility. Both a clear definition of social responsibility (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  28.  39
    Réal Labelle, Rim Makni Gargouri & Claude Francoeur (2010). Ethics, Diversity Management, and Financial Reporting Quality. Journal of Business Ethics 93 (2):335 - 355.
    This article proposes and empirically tests a theoretical framework incorporating Reidenbach and Robin’s (J Bus Ethics 10(4):273–284, 1991 ) conceptual model of corporate moral development. The framework is used to examine the relation between governance and business ethics, as proxied by diversity management (DM), and financial reporting quality, as proxied by the magnitude of earnings management (EM). The level of DM and governance quality are measured in accordance with the ratings of Jantzi Research (JR), a leading provider of (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  29.  22
    David Shoemaker (forthcoming). McKenna's Quality of Will. Criminal Law and Philosophy:1-14.
    In this paper, I investigate the role played by Quality of Will in Michael McKenna’s conversational theory of responsibility. I articulate and press the skeptical challenge against it, and then I show that McKenna has the (untapped) resources in his account to deflect it.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  30.  20
    Cláudia Sarrico, Maria Rosa, Pedro Teixeira & Margarida Cardoso (2010). Assessing Quality and Evaluating Performance in Higher Education: Worlds Apart or Complementary Views? Minerva 48 (1):35-54.
    This paper reflects on quality assessment and performance evaluation in higher education, namely by analysing the insufficient link between those two aspects. We start by reviewing the current state of the art regarding different processes and mechanisms of quality assessment and performance evaluation and discuss some of the major issues regarding the implementation of some of them. In particular, we analyse the current limitations regarding data collected, available and publicised on the performance of HEIs and the problems those (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  31.  2
    Mohamad R. Nayebpour & Daryl Koehn (2003). The Ethics of Quality: Problems and Preconditions. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 44 (1):37 - 48.
    A number of advocates for TQM contend that firms who embrace TQM will automatically and naturally act in ethically sound ways (Roth, 1993; Pace, 1999; Steeples, 1994). This claim is a strong one. This paper assesses its truth. We consider the many ways in which quality initiatives, if undertaken in good faith, can foster sound ethics. We explore the various ways in which TQM presupposes, and thus cannot engender, ethical behavior. And, finally, we identify some of the ethical blind (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  32.  24
    Dorota Śwituła (2006). The Concept of Quality in Clinical Research. Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (1):147-156.
    Quality in clinical research may be defined as compliance with requirements together with credibility and reliability of the data obtained. Sponsors usually apply Quality Management Systems (QMS) to ensure, control, maintain, and improve quality. These systems encompass several preventive measures, tools, and controls. Standard QMS applied by clinical research sponsors may be based on ISO 9000.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  33.  15
    Egon Noe, Niels Halberg & Jens Reddersen (2005). Indicators of Biodiversity and Conservational Wildlife Quality on Danish Organic Farms for Use in Farm Management: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Indicator Development and Testing. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (4):383-414.
    Organic farming is expected to contribute to conserving national biodiversity on farms, especially remnant, old, and undisturbed small biotopes, forests, and permanent grassland. This objective cannot rely on the legislation of organic farming solely, and to succeed, farmers need to understand the goals behind it. A set of indicators with the purpose of facilitating dialogues between expert and farmer on wildlife quality has been developed and tested on eight organic farms. “Weed cover in cereal fields,” was used as an (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  34.  49
    Paresh Kathrani (2012). Quality Circles and Human Rights: Tackling the Universalism and Cultural Relativism Divide. [REVIEW] AI and Society 27 (3):369-375.
    The implementation of international human rights law has traditionally been undermined by the dichotomy between universalism and cultural relativism. Some groups regard human rights as more reflective of other culture’s and are unwilling to subscribe to them. One response to this is to enable groups to take co-ownership of human rights. Quality Circles based on institutions and technology, and the collaboration they encourage, provide one such means for doing so. What is required is for states to facilitate rather than (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  35.  28
    Mick Power (2013). Well-Being, Quality of Life, and the Naïve Pursuit of Happiness. Topoi 32 (2):145-152.
    The pursuit of happiness is a long-enshrined tradition that has recently become the cornerstone of the American Positive Psychology movement. However, “happiness” is an over-worked and ambiguous word, which, it is argued, should be restricted and only used as the label for a brief emotional state that typically lasts a few seconds or minutes. The corollary proposal for positive psychology is that optimism is a preferable stance over pessimism or realism. Examples are presented both from psychology and economics that illustrate (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  36.  1
    Caroline Harnacke (2015). The Ashley Treatment: Improving Quality of Life or Infringing Dignity and Rights? Bioethics 29 (7).
    The ‘Ashley treatment’ has raised much ethical controversy. This article starts from the observation that this debate suffers from a lack of careful philosophical analysis which is essential for an ethical assessment. I focus on two central arguments in the debate, namely an argument defending the treatment based on quality of life and an argument against the treatment based on dignity and rights. My analysis raises doubts as to whether these arguments, as they stand in the debate, are philosophically (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37.  1
    Nathan Emmerich, Deborah Swinglehurst, Jo Maybin, Sophie Park & Sally Quilligan (2015). Caring for Quality of Care: Symbolic Violence and the Bureaucracies of Audit. BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):23.
    This article considers the moral notion of care in the context of Quality of Care discourses. Whilst care has clear normative implications for the delivery of health care it is less clear how Quality of Care, something that is centrally involved in the governance of UK health care, relates to practice.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  38.  1
    Fiona A. Stevenson, William Gibson, Caroline Pelletier, Vasiliki Chrysikou & Sophie Park (2015). Reconsidering ‘Ethics’ and ‘Quality’ in Healthcare Research: The Case for an Iterative Ethical Paradigm. BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):21.
    UK-based research conducted within a healthcare setting generally requires approval from the National Research Ethics Service. Research ethics committees are required to assess a vast range of proposals, differing in both their topic and methodology. We argue the methodological benchmarks with which research ethics committees are generally familiar and which form the basis of assessments of quality do not fit with the aims and objectives of many forms of qualitative inquiry and their more iterative goals of describing social processes/mechanisms (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  39.  37
    Daniel Kostic (2012). The Vagueness Constraint and the Quality Space for Pain. Philosophical Psychology 25 (6):929-939.
    This paper is concerned with a quality space model as an account of the intelligibility of explanation. I argue that descriptions of causal or functional roles (Chalmers Levine, 2001) are not the only basis for intelligible explanations. If we accept that phenomenal concepts refer directly, not via descriptions of causal or functional roles, then it is difficult to find role fillers for the described causal roles. This constitutes a vagueness constraint on the intelligibility of explanation. Thus, I propose to (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40.  17
    Dietrer Birnbacher (1999). Quality of Life - Evaluation or Description. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 2 (1):25-36.
    Quality of life is part of many different discourses and has been used in a variety of meanings ranging from purely descriptive (as in some medical contexts) to distinctly evaluative meanings (as in some social science and political contexts). The paper argues that there are good normative reasons to make the concept as descriptive as possible at least in its medical applications and, furthermore, to reconstruct it in a thoroughgoing subjectivist way, making the reflexive self-evaluation of the subject him- (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  41.  1
    Celiane Camargo-Borges & Murilo Santos Moscheta (forthcoming). Health 2.0: Relational Resources for the Development of Quality in Healthcare. Health Care Analysis:1-11.
    Traditional approaches in healthcare have been challenged giving way to broader forms of users’ participation in treatment. In this article we present the Health 2.0 movement as an example of relational and participatory practices in healthcare. Health 2.0 is an approach in which participation is the major aim, aspiring to reshape the system into more collaborative and less hierarchical relationships. We offer two illustrations in order to discuss how Health 2.0 is related and can contribute to a positive uptake of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42.  8
    Marcel Mertz, Julia Inthorn, Günter Renz, Lillian G. Rothenberger, Sabine Salloch, Jan Schildmann, Sabine Wöhlke & Silke Schicktanz (2014). Research Across the Disciplines: A Road Map for Quality Criteria in Empirical Ethics Research. BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):17.
    Research in the field of Empirical Ethics (EE) uses a broad variety of empirical methodologies, such as surveys, interviews and observation, developed in disciplines such as sociology, anthropology, and psychology. Whereas these empirical disciplines see themselves as purely descriptive, EE also aims at normative reflection. Currently there is literature about the quality of empirical research in ethics, but little or no reflection on specific methodological aspects that must be considered when conducting interdisciplinary empirical ethics. Furthermore, poor methodology in an (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43.  5
    Sharon Gewirtz (2000). Bringing the Politics Back In: A Critical Analysis of Quality Discourses in Education. British Journal of Educational Studies 48 (4):352 - 370.
    This paper considers the consequences of, and tensions within, New Labour's quality agenda for schools. In particular, it draws attention to the way in which official versions of quality, characterised by a narrow, economistic instrumentality, are being promoted in schools by various forms of quality control that are marginalising broader, more humanistic conceptions of quality. It is also argued that, despite New Labour's rhetorical emphasis on education for citizenship, the mechanisms of quality control favoured by (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  44.  50
    Peter Sondøe (1999). Quality of Life - Three Competing Views. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 2 (1):11-23.
    The aim of the present paper is to describe three different attempts, which have been made by philosophers, to define what quality of life is; and to spell out some of the difficulties that faces each definition. One, Perfectionism, focuses on the capacities that human beings possess: capacities for friendship, knowledge and creative activity, for instance. It says that the good life consists in the development and use of these capacities. Another account, the Preference Theory, urges that satisfying one's (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45.  8
    Sandra Tanenbaum (2012). Improving the Quality of Medical Care: The Normativity of Evidence-Based Performance Standards. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 33 (4):263-277.
    Poor quality medical care is sometimes attributed to physicians’ unwillingness to act on evidence about what works best. Evidence-based performance standards (EBPSs) are one response to this problem, and they are increasingly employed by health care regulators and payers. Evidence in this instance is judged according to the precepts of evidence-based medicine (EBM); it is probabilistic, and the randomized controlled trial (RCT) is the gold standard. This means that EBPSs suffer all the infirmities of EBM generally—well rehearsed problems with (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46.  6
    Esther van Loon & Teun Zuiderent-Jerak (2012). Framing Reflexivity in Quality Improvement Devices in the Care for Older People. Health Care Analysis 20 (2):119-138.
    Health care organizations are constantly seeking ways to improve quality of care and one of the often-posed solutions to deliver ‘good care’ is reflexivity. Several authors stress that enhancing the organizations’ and caregivers’ reflexivity allows for more situated, and therefore better care. Within quality improvement initiatives, devices that guarantee quality are also seen as key to the delivery of good care. These devices do not solely aim at standardizing work practices, but are also of importance in facilitating (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  47.  7
    Gianfranco Pellegrino (2012). Introductory Note. Population Ethics: The Unavoidability of the Quality of Life and the Ensuing Paradoxes. Iride 25 (1):27-34.
    Population ethics is defined and presented, and some of the paradoxes it encapsulates are spelled out. It is argued that the concept of the quality of a life or of a life worth living can- not be avoided if inquiry on many relevant ethical and political topics is to be pursued in a theoretically fitting mode. In particular, the article deals with the asymmetry between rea- sons for not creating unhappy lives and reasons for creating happy lives, the well-known (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  48.  9
    William Colby, Constance Dahlin, John Lantos, John Carney & Myra Christopher (2010). The National Consensus Project for Quality Palliative Care Clinical Practice Guidelines Domain 8: Ethical and Legal Aspects of Care. [REVIEW] HEC Forum 22 (2):117-131.
    In 2001, leaders with palliative care convened to discuss the standardization of palliative care and formed the National Consensus Project for Quality Palliative Care. In 2004, the National Consensus Project for Quality Palliative Care produced the first edition of Clinical Guidelines for Quality Palliative Care. The Guidelines were developed by leaders in the field who examined other national and international standards with the intent to promote consistent, accessible, comprehensive, optimal palliative care through the health care spectrum. Within (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  49.  5
    Amy Zader (2012). Understanding Quality Food Through Cultural Economy: The “Politics of Quality” in China's Northeast Japonica Rice. Agriculture and Human Values 29 (1):53-63.
    This paper seeks to clarify and strengthen the ways that cultural economy is used as an analytical tool and methodological approach to studying agro-food systems. The theoretical concept of cultural economy has received much attention in economic and cultural geography over the past decade. However, use of the term remains arguably vague and ambiguous. This paper argues that cultural economy is most constructive when regarded as a new epistemological approach to society and the economy. A focus on the ways that (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50.  17
    Tae Hee Choi & Jinhan Pae (2011). Business Ethics and Financial Reporting Quality: Evidence From Korea. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 103 (3):403-427.
    This study examines the relationship between corporate commitment to business ethics and financial reporting quality. We posit that companies with a higher level of ethical commitment exhibit better quality financial reporting than those with a lower level of ethical commitment. Consistent with our prediction, we find that companies with a higher level of ethical commitment are engaged in less earnings management, report earnings more conservatively, and predict future cash flows more accurately than those with a lower level of (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 1000