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  1. Rüdiger Bittner (2015). A Desirer’s Reason. In Ralf Stoecker & Marco Iorio (eds.), Actions, Reasons and Reason. De Gruyter 5-26.
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  2. Rüdiger Bittner (2013). Autonomy Modest. Erkenntnis:1-11.
    Recent philosophy has developed an overblown concept of autonomy. In fact we do not have moral autonomy, and personal autonomy we only have in the sense of being able to decide some things that affect the course of our lives, not in the sense of shaping these lives and being master over them; nor ought we to have autonomy in the latter sense, or come closer to having it. As for our political institutions, they do not presuppose, as prevailing doctrines (...)
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  3. Rudiger Bittner (2010). A Horse in the Basement Nietzschean Reflections on Political Philosophy. Journal of Moral Philosophy 7 (3):321-333.
    Political philosophers often see their task in providing a justification of states, with 'justification' understood, in analogy to the theological use of the term, as an argument showing states to be right, or unobjectionable. Political philosophers disagree on what property of a state it is that is required for its being right. In fact, it is difficult to see what could give this or that property of a state its right-making power. Since there is nothing that states as such are (...)
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  4. Rüdiger Bittner (2009). Achtung und ihre moralische Bedeutung. Analyse & Kritik 31 (2):339-350.
    While ,Achtung‘ in ordinary German means either attention or esteem, Kant used the word, on the one hand, to indicate the attitude of those who do what is right for the reason that it is right , and on the other, to indicate an attitude that we are morally required to entertain towards all human beings . What that attitude is and why we are bound to adopt it, does not become clear. Recent writers do give content to the notion, (...)
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  5. Rüdiger Bittner & Kate Sturge (2007). Nietzsche: Writings From the Late Notebooks. Journal of Nietzsche Studies 33:94-104.
    For much of his adult life, Nietzsche wrote notes on philosophical subjects in small notebooks that he carried around with him. After his breakdown and subsequent death, his sister supervised the publication of some of these notes under the title The Will to Power, and that collection, which is textually inaccurate and substantively misleading, has dominated the English-speaking discussion of Nietzsche's later thought. The present volume offers, for the first time, accurate translations of a selection of writings from Nietzsche's late (...)
     
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  6. Rüdiger Bittner (2006). Autorinnen und Autoren. In Barbara Bleisch & Jean-Daniel Strub (eds.), Die Philosophin. Haupt 343.
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  7. RÜdiger Bittner (2005). Freiheit durch die Erkenntnis der Notwendigkeit bei Spinoza. Logical Analysis and History of Philosophy 8.
    Spinoza holds that we can become free by recognizing that everything happens with necessity. His own reasons for this claim do not stand scrutiny. More promising appears the idea that he who considers things necessary is not subject to affects that deprive him of his freedom. On this line, however, recognizing necessity also destroys joy, contrary to Spinoza’s maxim ”Do good and be joyful”. More importantly, what is necessary may in fact be a reasonable object of affective reactions. Thus, Spinoza (...)
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  8. Rudiger Bittner (2005). Morals in Terrorist Times. In Georg Meggle (ed.), Ethics of Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism. Ontos 3--207.
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  9. Rüdiger Bittner (2003). Stronger Reasons. In Lukas H. Meyer, Stanley L. Paulson & Thomas W. Pogge (eds.), Rights, Culture and the Law: Themes From the Legal and Political Philosophy of Joseph Raz. OUP Oxford
     
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  10. Peter Baumann, Rudiger Bittner, Luc Bovens, Margaret Gilbert, Boris Hennig & Frank Hindriks (2002). Ulrich BALTZER Assistant Professor at Philosophy Department, Technical University of Dresden. Http://Www. Tu-Dresden. De/Phfiph/Dozenten/Baltzer. Htm Ubaltzer@ Rcs. Urz. Tu-Dresden. De. [REVIEW] In Georg Meggle (ed.), Social Facts & Collective Intentionality. Dr. Hänsel-Hohenhausen Ag 475.
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  11. Rüdiger Bittner (2002). Autonomy, and Then. Philosophical Explorations 5 (3):217 – 228.
    Among the numerous conceptions of autonomy, three are particularly important: Kant's notion of humans' being subject, and subject only, to moral laws they gave themselves, Frankfurt's idea of persons' willing and acting deriving from the essential character of their wills, and the popular conception of persons' being master over whether others do or do not certain things to them. Kant's moral conception of autonomy, it is argued, is untenable because the moral character of a law and its self-givenness are incompatible. (...)
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  12. Rüdiger Bittner (2002). Liebe - eine Pflicht? eine Tugend? keins von beiden? In Verena Mayer & Sabine A. Döring (eds.), Die Moralität der Gefühle. De Gruyter 229-238.
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  13. Rüdiger Bittner (2001). Agents as Rulers. Grazer Philosophische Studien 61 (1):143-158.
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  14. Rüdiger Bittner (2001). Doing Things for Reasons. Oxford University Press.
    What exactly are the reasons we do things, and how are they related to the resulting actions? Bittner explores this question and proposes an answer: a reason is a response to that state of affairs. Elegantly written, this work is a substantial contribution to the fields of rationality, ethics, and action theory.
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  15. RÜdiger Bittner (2000). Wer frei ist, ist gebunden. Kants Argument aus dem dritten Abschnitt der Grundlegungsschrift. Logical Analysis and History of Philosophy 3.
    Kant opened the third section of his Grundlegung zur Metaphysik der Sitten with an argument purporting to show that every free creature is subject to moral laws. The present paper offers a reconstruction of this argument and indicates its problematic points. It shows furthermore which assumptions prevented Kant from noticing these problems: first, the notion that we are, and not just have, reason; second, and more importantly, the idea that lawless freedom is terrible and the source of evil. The latter (...)
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  16. RÜdiger Bittner (1994). Spinozas Gedanke, daß Einsicht befreit. Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 42 (6):963-971.
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  17. Rüdiger Bittner (1994). Was sagen Skeptiker? Ethik Und Sozialwissenschaften 5 (4):578.
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  18. Rüdiger Bittner (1992). Es gibt kein Dezisionismusproblem. Ethik Und Sozialwissenschaften 3 (1):43.
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  19. Rüdiger Bittner (1992). Einige Klärungen. Ethik Und Sozialwissenschaften 3 (1):98.
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  20. Rüdiger Bittner (1992). Is It Reasonable to Regret Things One Did? Journal of Philosophy 89 (5):262-273.
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  21. Rüdiger Bittner (1992). Was ist eine Entscheidung? Ethik Und Sozialwissenschaften 3 (1):17.
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  22. Rüdiger Bittner (1989). Verständnis für Unvernünftige. Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 43 (4):577 - 592.
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  23. Rüdiger Bittner (1989). What Reason Demands. Cambridge University Press.
    Why should we act morally? What justification is to be found in moral demands? This lucid, pithy, and eminently readable book examines the arguments in favor of the claims of moral demands to be found in contemporary ethical theory, arguments deriving from Kant's attempt to provide a foundation for morality.
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  24. Rüdiger Bittner (1987). Hegel by M.J. Inwood. Journal of Philosophy 84 (9):512-515.
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  25. Rüdiger Bittner (1987). Nietzsches begriff der wahrheit. Nietzsche-Studien 16 (1):70.
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  26. Rüdiger Bittner (1985). Wer Verdrängt Was Warum? Schwierigkeiten in Freuds Begriff der Verdrängung. Analyse & Kritik 7 (2):103-118.
    Freud's concept of repression should be discarded because we do not understand what supposedly is being repressed, nor what is repressing, nor why it is done. Freud's answers to the first two questions fall short of the dynamic picture of forces and counterforces implicit in the idea of repression. The answer to the last question invokes an unacceptable separation of agencies in the person.
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  27. Rüdiger Bittner (1983). Moralisches Gebot Oder Autonomie.
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  28. Rüdiger Bittner (1983). Thomas Hobbes' Staatskonstruktion: Vernunft und Gewalt. Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 37 (3):389 - 403.
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  29. Rüdiger Bittner (1980). Hypothetische Imperative. Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 34 (2):210 - 226.
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  30. Rüdiger Bittner (1978). Kausalität aus Freiheit und kategorischer Imperativ. Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 32 (2):265 - 274.
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  31. Rüdiger Bittner & Peter Pfaff (1977). Das Ästhetische Urteil Beiträge Zur Sprachanalytischen Ästhetik. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  32. Rüdiger Bittner (1976). W. Carl: Existenz und Prädikation. Philosophische Rundschau 22:256.
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