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R. A. Duff [92]R. Antony Duff [4]R. Anthony Duff [2]
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Profile: R. A. Duff (University of Stirling)
  1.  103 DLs
    R. A. Duff (2010). Towards a Theory of Criminal Law? Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 84 (1):1-28.
    After an initial discussion (§i) of what a theory of criminal law might amount to, I sketch (§ii) the proper aims of a liberal, republican criminal law, and discuss (§§iii–iv) two central features of such a criminal law: that it deals with public wrongs, and provides for those who perpetrate such wrongs to be called to public account. §v explains why a liberal republic should maintain such a system of criminal law, and §vi tackles the issue of criminalization—of how we (...)
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  2.  73 DLs
    R. A. Duff (2010). Blame, Moral Standing and the Legitimacy of the Criminal Trial. Ratio 23 (2):123-140.
    I begin by discussing the ways in which a would-be blamer's own prior conduct towards the person he seeks to blame can undermine his standing to blame her (to call her to account for her wrongdoing). This provides the basis for an examination of a particular kind of 'bar to trial' in the criminal law – of ways in which a state or a polity's right to put a defendant on trial can be undermined by the prior misconduct of the (...)
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  3.  58 DLs
    R. A. Duff (1993). Choice, Character, and Criminal Liability. Law and Philosophy 12 (4):345 - 383.
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  4.  52 DLs
    R. A. Duff (2012). Guiding Commitments and Criminal Liability for Attempts. Criminal Law and Philosophy 6 (3):411-427.
  5.  52 DLs
    R. A. Duff (2006). Answering for Crime. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 106 (1):85–111.
    We can gain fresh insights into aspects of criminal liability by focusing first on the prior topic of criminal responsibility, and on the relational dimensions of responsibility: responsibility is responsibility for something, to someone. We are criminally responsible as citizens, to our fellow citizens, for committing 'public' wrongs: I discuss the difficulty of giving determinate content to this idea of public wrongs, and the way in which, whereas moral responsibility is typically strict, criminal responsibility is not. Finally, I explore the (...)
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  6.  47 DLs
    R. A. Duff (2002). Review: Equality, Responsibility, and the Law. [REVIEW] Mind 111 (441):164-170.
  7.  46 DLs
    R. A. Duff (1976). Absolute Principles and Double Effect. Analysis 36 (2):68 - 80.
    I argue that hanink's account of the principle of double effect ("some light on double effect," "analysis", volume 35, number 5) is inadequate, and rests on the mistaken assumption that the criteria for distinguishing acts from each other, intention from foresight, acting from refraining, can be specified independently of any moral perspective. i try to indicate the way to a better understanding of these distinctions, and the essential features of the kind of absolutist morality which invokes them--its concern with "agency", (...)
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  8.  45 DLs
    R. A. Duff (2002). Crime, Prohibition, and Punishment. Journal of Applied Philosophy 19 (2):97–108.
  9.  43 DLs
    R. A. Duff (2001). A Most Detestable Crime: New Philosophical Essays on Rape. Keith Burgess-Jackson. Mind 110 (439):729-732.
  10.  39 DLs
    J. B. Baillie, John Edgar, A. J. Jenkinson, G. R. T. Ross, W. R. Scott, T. B., David Morrison & R. A. Duff (1904). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 13 (51):425-438.
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  11.  38 DLs
    R. A. Duff (2009). Strict Responsibility, Moral and Criminal. Journal of Value Inquiry 43 (3):295-313.
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  12.  30 DLs
    R. A. Duff (1990). Review Essay / Justice, Mercy, and Forgiveness. Criminal Justice Ethics 9 (2):51-63.
    Jeffrie G Murphy & Jean Hampton, Forgiveness and Mercy Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1988, 194 pp. Kathleen Dean Moore, Pardons: Justice, Mercy, and the Public Interest New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989, 271 pp.
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  13.  27 DLs
    R. A. Duff (2011). Mercy. In John Deigh & David Dolinko (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of the Philosophy of the Criminal Law. Oxford University Press
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  14.  27 DLs
    R. A. Duff & S. E. Marshall (2004). Communicative Punishment and the Role of the Victim. Criminal Justice Ethics 23 (2):39-50.
  15.  25 DLs
    R. A. Duff (2009). Philosophy and 'the Life of the Law'. Journal of Applied Philosophy 26 (3):245-258.
    abstract Focusing on the criminal law, I discuss three ways in which analytical philosophers might contribute to the development or health of the law (and of legal theory). The first is as humble under-labourers, who seek only to clarify legal rules and doctrines, but not to criticise them. This modest conception of the role of philosophy, however, proves to be untenable: clarification must become rational reconstruction — an attempt to make rational sense of the law; and rational reconstruction must involve (...)
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  16.  25 DLs
    R. A. Duff (1990). Auctions, Lotteries, and the Punishment of Attempts. Law and Philosophy 9 (1):1 - 37.
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  17.  23 DLs
    R. A. Duff (2006). Iv-Answering for Crime. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 106 (1):87-113.
    We can gain fresh insights into aspects of criminal liability by focusing first on the prior topic of criminal responsibility, and on the relational dimensions of responsibility: responsibility is responsibility for something, to someone. We are criminally responsible as citizens, to our fellow citizens, for committing 'public' wrongs: I discuss the difficulty of giving determinate content to this idea of public wrongs, and the way in which, whereas moral responsibility is typically strict, criminal responsibility is not. Finally, I explore the (...)
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  18.  23 DLs
    R. A. Duff (2008). Responsibility and Liability in Criminal Law. In Matthew H. Kramer (ed.), The Legacy of H.L.A. Hart: Legal, Political, and Moral Philosophy. Oxford University Press
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  19.  21 DLs
    R. A. Duff (2006). Excuses, Moral and Legal: A Comment on Marcia Baron's 'Excuses, Excuses'. Criminal Law and Philosophy 1 (1):49-55.
    Marcia Baron has offered an illuminating and fruitful discussion of extra-legal excuses. What is particularly useful, and particularly important, is her focus on our excusatory practices—on the ways and contexts in which we make, offer, accept, bestow and reject excuses: if we are to reach an adequate understanding of excuses, their implications and their grounds, we must attend to the roles that they can play in our human activities and relationships—and to the complexities and particularities of those roles. However, I (...)
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  20.  21 DLs
    R. A. Duff (2006). The Virtues and Vices of Virtue Jurisprudence. In T. D. J. Chappell (ed.), Values and Virtues: Aristotelianism in Contemporary Ethics. Oxford University Press
  21.  19 DLs
    R. A. Duff (2005). Introduction: Crime and Citizenship. Journal of Applied Philosophy 22 (3):211–216.
  22.  19 DLs
    R. A. Duff (2003). The Limits of Virtue Jurisprudence. Metaphilosophy 34 (1-2):214-224.
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  23.  18 DLs
    R. A. Duff & S. E. Marshall (1982). Camus and Rebellion: From Solipsism to Morality. Philosophical Investigations 5 (2):116-134.
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  24.  15 DLs
    R. A. Duff (2014). Towards a Modest Legal Moralism. Criminal Law and Philosophy 8 (1):217-235.
    After distinguishing different species of Legal Moralism (positive vs. negative; modest vs. ambitious) I outline and defend a modest, positive Legal Moralism, according to which we have good reason to criminalize some type of conduct if (and only if) it constitutes a public wrong. Some of the central elements of the argument will be: the need to remember that the criminal law is a political, not a (merely) moral practice, and therefore that in asking what kinds of conduct we have (...)
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  25.  15 DLs
    R. A. Duff (2013). Punishment and the Duties of Offenders. Law and Philosophy 32 (1):109-127.
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  26.  14 DLs
    R. A. Duff (1984). Realism and Imagination in Ethics By Sabina Lovibond Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1983,238 Pp., £15.00. [REVIEW] Philosophy 59 (230):541-.
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  27.  14 DLs
    R. A. Duff & S. E. Marshall (2007). Criminal Responsibility and Public Reason. In Michael D. A. Freeman & Ross Harrison (eds.), Law and Philosophy. Oxford University Press
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  28.  13 DLs
    R. A. Duff, Authority and Responsibility in International Criminal Law.
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  29.  12 DLs
    R. A. Duff & David B. Wong (1986). Moral Relativity. Philosophical Quarterly 36 (142):99.
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  30.  11 DLs
    R. A. Duff (1973). Intentionally Killing the Innocent. Analysis 34 (1):16 - 19.
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  31.  11 DLs
    R. A. Duff (1993). Good and Evil. An Absolute Conception. Philosophical Books 34 (1):43-45.
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  32.  11 DLs
    R. A. Duff (1992). Why Punish? Cogito 6 (2):109-110.
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  33.  10 DLs
    R. A. Duff (2012). Symposium: Gideon Yaffe's Attempts. [REVIEW] Criminal Law and Philosophy 6 (3):381-381.
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  34.  10 DLs
    R. A. Duff (2003). Punishment, Communication, and Community. OUP Usa.
    Part of the Studies in Crime and Public Policy series, this book, written by one of the top philosophers of punishment, examines the main trends in penal theorizing over the past three decades. Duff asks what can justify criminal punishment, and then explores the legitimacy of actual practices by examining what would count as adequate justification for them. Duff argues that a "communicative conception of punishment," which he presents as a third way between consequentialist and retributive theories, offers the most (...)
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  35.  9 DLs
    Ross Harrison & R. A. Duff (1988). Punishment and Crime. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 62:139 - 167.
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  36.  8 DLs
    John Cottingham & R. A. Duff (1987). Trials and Punishments. Philosophical Quarterly 37 (149):448.
    How can a system of criminal punishment be justified? In particular can it be justified if the moral demand that we respect each other as autonomous moral agents is taken seriously? Traditional attempts to justify punishment as a deterrent or as retribution fail, but Duff suggests that punishment can be understood as a communicative attempt to bring a wrong-doer to repent her crime. This account is supported by discussions of moral blame, of penance, of the nature of the law's demands, (...)
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  37.  8 DLs
    R. A. Duff (2011). Responsibility, Citizenship, and Criminal Law. In Antony Duff & Stuart P. Green (eds.), Philosophical Foundations of Criminal Law. Oxford University Press 125--148.
  38.  7 DLs
    R. A. Duff (1987). The Virtues of Aristotle By D. S. Hutchinson London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1986, Ix+139 Pp., £12.95. [REVIEW] Philosophy 62 (242):539-.
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  39.  6 DLs
    R. Antony Duff (1988). A Reply to Bickenbach. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 18 (4):787 - 793.
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  40.  6 DLs
    R. A. Duff (1980). Freewill and Responsibility. [REVIEW] Philosophical Books 21 (1):52-54.
  41.  6 DLs
    R. A. Duff, Virtue, Vice and the Criminal Law - A Response to Huigens and Yankah.
    First paragraph: It is worth distinguishing two kinds of role that ideas of virtue and vice might play in the criminal law (or in our theoretical understanding of the criminal law). Each kind admits of a range of variations; each can be more or less ambitious in scope and aim: but although there are of course quite close connections between the two kinds, we can usefully sketch them as two different ways of developing a virtue jurisprudence of criminal law. Both (...)
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  42.  6 DLs
    R. Anthony Duff (2005). Punishment, Dignity and Degradation. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 25 (1):141-155.
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  43.  5 DLs
    R. A. Duff & Sandra Marshall, Public and Private Wrongs.
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  44.  5 DLs
    R. A. Duff (1986). Alan R. White, Grounds of Liability: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Law Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 6 (6):316-318.
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  45.  5 DLs
    R. A. Duff, Action and Criminal Responsibility.
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  46.  5 DLs
    R. A. Duff, Relational Reasons and the Criminal Law.
    First paragraph: Some reasons for action are relational. I have a relational reason to Φ when I have reason to Φ in virtue of a relationship in which I stand, or a role that I fill; absent that relationship or that role I would not have that reason to Φ ; others who do not stand in that relationship or fill that role do not have that reason to Φ . I have a relational reason to feed this child -- (...)
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  47.  5 DLs
    R. A. Duff, The Intrusion of Mercy.
    On the basis of a communicative theory of criminal punishment, I show how mercy has a significant but limited role to play in the criminal law—in particular (although not only) in criminal sentencing. Mercy involves an intrusion into the realm of criminal law of values and concerns that are not themselves part of the perspective of criminal law: a merciful sentencer acts beyond the limits of her legal role, on the basis of moral considerations that conflict with the demands of (...)
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  48.  5 DLs
    Anthony Kenny & R. A. Duff (1991). Intention, Agency and Criminal Liability: Philosophy of Action and the Criminal Law. Philosophical Quarterly 41 (164):378.
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  49.  5 DLs
    R. A. Duff (2015). Criminal Responsibility and the Emotions: If Fear and Anger Can Exculpate, Why Not Compassion? Inquiry 58 (2):189-220.
    The article offers an Aristotelian analysis of emotion-based defences in criminal law: someone who commits an offence is entitled to an excuse if she was motivated by a justifiably aroused and strongly felt emotion that gave her good reason to commit the offence and that might have destabilised the practical rationality even of a ‘reasonable’ person. This analysis captures the logical structure of duress and provocation as excuses—and also shows why provocation is controversial as even a partial defence. This pattern (...)
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  50.  5 DLs
    R. A. Duff, Good and Evil and the Criminal Law.
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