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Profile: Rob Arp (University of Missouri, Kansas City)
  1. Robert Arp, Memetics Does Provide a Useful Way of Understanding Cultural Evolution.
    Imagine a planet on which a self-replicating molecule appears, is copied with variation and selection, and evolves to build itself living creatures that protect and propagate it; those creatures eventually spread all over the planet, changing its atmosphere and environment as they do so. Now imagine that one of those creatures begins to copy behaviours from one individual to another, and this information gets copied with variation and selection. In other words, a second kind of replicator emerges. This transforms the (...)
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  2. Patricia Brace & Robert Arp (eds.) (2014). The Philosophy of J.J. Abrams. The University Press of Kentucky.
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  3. Robert Arp (2013). Dude, Listen to Reason! In Robert Arp & Kevin S. Decker (eds.), The Ultimate South Park and Philosophy: Respect My Philosophah! Wiley-Blackwell. 41--52.
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  4. Robert Arp (2013). Stop Stereotyping Sabbath. In William Irwin (ed.), Black Sabbath and Philosophy: Mastering Reality. Wiley. 182--189.
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  5. Robert Arp (2013). The Evolution of Scenario Visualization and the Early Hominin Mind. In Liz Swan (ed.), Origins of Mind. 143--159.
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  6. Robert Arp & Kevin S. Decker (2013). Introduction “Well, I'm Afraid It's About to Happen Again”. In Robert Arp & Kevin S. Decker (eds.), The Ultimate South Park and Philosophy: Respect My Philosophah! Wiley-Blackwell.
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  7. Robert Arp & Kevin S. Decker (eds.) (2013). The Ultimate South Park and Philosophy: Respect My Philosophah! Wiley-Blackwell.
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  8. Kimberly Baltzer-Jaray, Robert Arp, Judith Andre, Jai Galliott, Rod Carveth & Céline Morin (2013). The Good Wife and Philosophy: Temptations of Saint Alicia. Open Court.
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  9. Arthur L. Caplan & Robert Arp (eds.) (2013). Contemporary Debates in Bioethics. John Wiley & Sons.
    Are there universal ethical principles that should govern the conduct of medicine and research worldwide? -- Is it morally acceptable to buy and sell organs for human transplantation? -- Were it physically safe, would human reproductive cloning be acceptable? -- Is the deliberately induced abortion of a human pregnancy ethically justifiable? -- Is it ethical to patent or copyright genes, embryos, or their parts? -- Should minors have the right to refuse treatment, even when against the will of their parents (...)
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  10. Mark D. White & Robert Arp (2013). Die Philosophie Bei Batman: Eine Reise in Die Seele des Dark Knight. Wiley-Vch.
    Was treibt seine Gegenspieler an? Ist Batman in seiner Menschlichkeit besser als Superman? Die Philosophie bei Batman bietet unterhaltsame Antworten und Einblicke in Batmans Welt.
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  11. Robert Arp (ed.) (2012). Tattoos: Philosophy for Everyone: I Ink, Therefore I Am. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  12. David R. Koepsell & Robert Arp (eds.) (2012). Breaking Bad and Philosophy. Open Court.
    The hit television drama Breaking Bad is discussed by professional thinkers who compare the major themes of the show with philosophical concepts and answer questions about injustice, retaliation and the potential of everyone to become a ...
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  13. George Terzis & Robert Arp (eds.) (2011). Information and Living Systems: Philosophical and Scientific Perspectives. A Bradford Book.
    The informational nature of biological organization, at levels from the genetic and epigenetic to the cognitive and linguistic.
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  14. Jamie Carlin Watson & Robert Arp (2011). What's Good on Tv: Understanding Ethics Through Television. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  15. Francisco José Ayala & Robert Arp (eds.) (2010). Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Biology. Wiley-Blackwell Pub..
    This collection of specially commissioned essays puts top scholars head to head to debate the central issues in the lively and fast growing field of philosophy ...
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  16. Robert Arp (2009). " I Give Them What They Want-Either an Orphan or an Abortion. In Sandra Shapshay (ed.), Bioethics at the Movies. Johns Hopkins University Press. 15.
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  17. Robert Arp & Dennis Milarker (2009). Critical Thinking in the Gaming and Real Worlds. In Luke Cuddy (ed.), The Legend of Zelda and Philosophy: I Link Thereforei Am. Open Court.
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  18. William Irwin, Mark D. White & Robert Arp (eds.) (2009). Batman and Philosophy: The Dark Knight of the Soul. Wiley.
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  19. David Koepsell, Robert Arp, Jennifer Fostel & Barry Smith (2009). Creating a Controlled Vocabulary for the Ethics of Human Research: Towards a Biomedical Ethics Ontology. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics 4 (1):43-58.
    Ontologies describe reality in specific domains in ways that can bridge various disciplines and languages. They allow easier access and integration of information that is collected by different groups. Ontologies are currently used in the biomedical sciences, geography, and law. A Biomedical Ethics Ontology would benefit members of ethics committees who deal with protocols and consent forms spanning numerous fields of inquiry. There already exists the Ontology for Biomedical Investigations (OBI); the proposed BMEO would interoperate with OBI, creating a powerful (...)
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  20. Robert Arp, Function, Role and Disposition in Basic Formal Ontology. Nature Precedings.
    Numerous research groups are now utilizing Basic Formal Ontology (BFO) as an upper-level framework to assist in the organization and integration of biomedical information. This paper provides elucidation of the three existing BFO subcategories of realizable entity, namely function, role, and disposition. It proposes one further sub-category of tendency, and considers the merits of recognizing two sub-categories of function for domain ontologies, namely, artifactual and biological function. The motivation is to help advance the coherent ontological treatment of functions, roles, and (...)
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  21. Robert Arp (2008). Life and the Homeostatic Organization View of Biological Phenomena. Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 4 (1-2):260-285.
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  22. Robert Arp (2008). Suárez and Filmer on Freedom. Philosophical Frontiers: A Journal of Emerging Thought 3 (2).
  23. Robert Arp (2008). Scenario Visualization: An Evolutionary Account of Creative Problem Solving. A Bradford Book.
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  24. Robert Arp & Tracie Mahaffey (2008). “And They Have a Plan”: Cylons as Persons. In Jason T. Eberl (ed.), Battlestar Galactica and Philosophy: Knowledge Here Begins Out There. Wiley-Blackwell. 55--63.
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  25. Robert Arp & Jamie Watson (2008). For l'Amour : Love and Friendship in The Office (US). In Jeremy Wisnewski (ed.), The Office and Philosophy: Scenes From the Unexamined Life. Blackwell Pub..
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  26. R. Arp (2007). Awareness and Consciousness: Switched-on Rheostats. Journal of Consciousness Studies 14:101-106.
     
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  27. Robert Arp (2007). Consciousness and Awareness - Switched-on Rheostats: A Response to de Quincey. Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (3):101-106.
    I question whether it is completely accurate to think of the philosophical meaning of consciousness as being switched-on or switched-off. It may be that, once consciousness is switched-on, it is then found in degrees in animals we deem conscious. In which case, consciousness is more like a switched-on rheostat, rather than a simple on-off switch. Christian de Quincey (2006) gives a list of what would be considered the marks of consciousness, including 'experience, subjectivity, sentience, feeling, or mentality of any kind'. (...)
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  28. Robert Arp (2007). Evolution and Two Popular Proposals for the Definition of Function. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 38 (1):19 - 30.
    In the biological realm, a complete explanation of a trait seems to include an explanation in terms of function. It is natural to ask of some trait, "What is its function?" or "What purpose in the organism does the particular trait serve?" or "What is the goal of its activity?" There are several views concerning the appropriate definition of function for biological matters. Two popular views of function with respect to living things are Cummins' organizational account and the Griffiths/Godfrey-Smith modern (...)
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  29. Robert Arp (2007). Homeostatic Organization, Emergence, and Reduction in Biological Phenomena. Philosophia Naturalis 44 (2):238-270.
    In this paper, I argue that starting with the organelles that constitute a cell - and continuing up the hierarchy of components in processes and subsystems of an organism - there exist clear instances of emergent biological phenomena that can be considered ,,living" entities. These components and their attending processes are living emergent phenomena because of the way in which the components are organized to maintain homeostasis of the organism at the various levels in the hierarchy. I call this view (...)
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  30. Robert Arp (2007). Resolving A Few Conflicts in Evolutionary Psychology with Cognitive Fluidity. Southwest Philosophy Review 23 (1):105-115.
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  31. Robert Arp (2007). Vindicating Kant's Morality. International Philosophical Quarterly 47 (1):5-22.
    Among others, four significant criticisms have been leveled against Kant’s morality. These criticisms are that Kant’s morality lacks a motivational component, thatit ignores the spiritual dimensions of morality espoused by a virtue-based ethics, that it overemphasizes the principle of autonomy in neglecting the communal context of morality, and that it lacks a theological foundation in being detached from God. In this paper I attempt to show that, when understood in the broader context of his religious doctrines and the overall philosophical (...)
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  32. R. Arp (2006). The Environments of Our Hominin Ancestors, Tool-Usage, and Scenario Visualization. Biology and Philosophy 21 (1):95-117.
    In this paper, I give an account of how our hominin ancestors evolved a conscious ability I call scenario visualization that enabled them to manufacture novel tools so as to survive and flourish in the ever-changing and complex environments in which they lived. I first present the ideas and arguments put forward by evolutionary psychologists that the mind evolved certain mental capacities as adaptive responses to environmental pressures. Specifically, Steven Mithen thinks that the mind has evolved cognitive fluidity, viz., an (...)
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  33. Robert Arp (ed.) (2006). South Park and Philosophy: You Know, I Learned Something Today. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  34. Robert Arp (2005). Frege, as-If Platonism, and Pragmatism. Journal of Critical Realism 4 (1):1-27.
    This paper is divided into two main sections. In the first, I attempt to show that the characterization of Frege as a redundancy theorist is not accurate. Using one of Wolfgang Carl's recent works as a foil, I argue that Frege countenances a realm of abstract objects including truth, and that Frege's Platonist commitments inform his epistemology and embolden his antipsychologistic project. In the second section, contrasting Frege's Platonism with pragmatism, I show that even though Frege's metaphysical position concerning truth (...)
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  35. Robert Arp (2005). Selectivity, Integration, and the Psycho-Neuro-Biological Continuum. Journal of Mind and Behavior 26 (1-2):35-64.
    An important insight derived from Kant about the workings of the mind is that conscious activity involves both the selection of relevant information, and the integration of that information, so as to form mental coherency. The conscious mind can then utilize this coherent information to solve problems, invent tools, synthesize concepts, produce works of art, and the like. In this paper, it will be suggested that just as biological processes, in general, exhibit selective and integrative functions, and just as visual (...)
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  36. Robert Arp (2005). Scenario Visualization: One Explanation of Creative Problem Solving. Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (3):31-60.
    In this paper, I first present the ideas and arguments put forward by evolutionary psychologists that humans evolved certain capacities to creatively problem solve. Specifically, Steven Mithen thinks that creative problem solving is possible because the mind has evolved a conscious capacity he calls cognitive fluidity, the flexible exchange of information between and among mental modules. While I agree with Mithen that cognitive fluidity acts as a necessary condition for creative problem solving, I disagree that cognitive fluidity alone will suffice (...)
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  37. Robert Arp (2005). The Pragmatic Value of Frege's Platonism for the Pragmatist. Journal of Speculative Philosophy 19 (1):22-41.
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  38. Robert Arp (2004). An Analysis of Freedom in the Political Doctrines of Suárez and Filmer. Philosophical Inquiry 26 (1-2):53-82.
  39. Robert Arp (2004). Husserl and the Penetrability of the Transcendental and Mundane Spheres. Human Studies 27 (3):221-239.
    There is a two-fold problem the phenomenologist must face: the first has to do with thinking like a phenomenologist given that one is always already steeped in the mundane sphere; the second has to do with the phenomenologist entering into dialogue with those scientists, psychologists, sociologists and other laypersons who still remain in the mundane sphere. I address the first problem by giving an Husserlian-inspired account of the movement from the mundane to the transcendental, and show that there are decent (...)
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  40. Robert Arp (2004). Plotinus, Mysticism, and Mediation. Religious Studies 40 (2):145 - 163.
    The Plotinian scholar, John Bussanich, has noted that the issue of classifying mystical union with the One consists in deciding between either theistic union or monistic identity. For advocates of theistic union, during mystical union the soul retains its identity and can be distinguished from the One; for advocates of monistic identity, during the union the soul loses its identity and becomes absorbed into the One. Both camps, however, believe that noetic activity is transcended in the union. In contradistinction to (...)
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  41. Robert Arp (2002). Re-Thinking Hobbes's Materialistic and Mechanistic Projects. Hobbes Studies 15 (1):3-31.
  42. Robert Arp (2000). Freud's Wretched Makeshift and Scheler's Religious Act. Journal of Philosophical Research 25:405-429.
    Freud finds it impossible to accept the existence of a Supreme Being because he thinks that there is no way to scientifically demonstrate or prove the existence of a being so defined. Consequently, Freud maintains that individuals who claim to have a religious experience of God suffer from a delusion. Such individuals remain in an infantile state of neurotic denial, fooling themselves about the reality of extramental existence.In contradistinction, Max Scheler, a student of Husserlian phenomenology, can accept the existence of (...)
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  43. Robert Arp (1999). Hegel and the Prospect of Perpetual Peace. Dialogos 34 (74):71-100.
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  44. Robert Arp (1999). Hegel's Prospect of Perpetual Peace. Dialogos 34 (74):71-100.
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  45. Robert Arp (1999). The "Quinque Viae" of Thomas Hobbes. History of Philosophy Quarterly 16 (4):367 - 394.
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  46. Robert Arp (1998). Hume's Mitigated Skepticism and the Design Argument. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 72 (4):539-558.