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Rex Downie [1]
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Profile: Ryan Downie (Eastern Washington University)
  1. Robin Downie (forthcoming). Guest Editorial: Xenotransplantation. Journal of Medical Ethics.
     
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  2. Robin Downie (forthcoming). Medical Humanities: Means, Ends, and Evaluation. Medical Humanities.
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  3. Fiona Randall & Robin Downie (2009). End of Life Choices: Consensus and Controversy. OUP Oxford.
    A book for nurses, doctors and all who provide end of life care, this essential volume guides readers through the ethical complexities of such care, including current policy initiatives, and encourages debate and discussion on their controversial aspects. dived into two parts, it introduces and explains clinical decision making-processes about which there is broad consensus, in line with guidance documents issued by WHO, BMA, GMC, and similar bodies. The changing political and social context where 'patient choice' has become a central (...)
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  4. R. S. Downie (2007). Bioethics and the Humanities: Attitudes and Perceptions. Routledge-Cavendish.
    Critiquing many areas of medical practice and research whilst making constructive suggestions about medical education, this book extends the scope of medical ethics beyond sole concern with regulation. Illustrating some humanistic ways of understanding patients, this volume explores the connections between medical ethics, healthcare and subjects, such as philosophy, literature, creative writing and medical history and how they can affect the attitudes of doctors towards patients and the perceptions of medicine, health and disease which have become part of contemporary culture. (...)
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  5. R. S. Downie (2005). Ethics and Morality. In Ted Honderich (ed.), The Oxford Companion to Philosophy. Oxford University Press. 271.
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  6. R. S. Downie (2003). Research on Dead Infants. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (2):161-175.
    This paper examines the ethicalproblems that arise when research is carriedout after autopsy on dead infants. It comparesthe right of parents against that of the publicinterest in matters of research on dead minors. The basis for the respect that is widelyaccorded to the body of a dead person isexamined and is shown to ground the parentalinterest. A discussion of the nature of thefamily suggests that `informed consent' is notthe best term to apply to the process ofparental consultation. Some reasons areprovided (...)
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  7. R. S. Downie (2003). Review of Michael Brown: Francis Hutcheson in Dublin, 1719–1730: The Crucible of His Thought. [REVIEW] Journal of Scottish Philosophy 1 (1):95-97.
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  8. R. S. Downie (2003). :Francis Hutcheson in Dublin, 1719–1730: The Crucible of His Thought. Journal of Scottish Philosophy 1 (1):95-97.
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  9. R. S. Downie (2003). Medical Humanities: A Vision and Some Cautionary Notes. Medical Humanities 29 (1):37-38.
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  10. R. S. Downie (2002). Supererogation and Altruism: A Comment. Journal of Medical Ethics 28 (2):75-76.
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  11. R. Downie (2001). Science and the Imagination in the Age of Reason. Medical Humanities 27 (2):58-63.
    Next SectionThe eighteenth century is commonly thought of as the “age of reason”, an age in which the imagination was not given a central role in the arts, far less in science. But in Hume's attempts to account for our belief in a continuing external world he is forced into invoking the activity of the imagination. His views on the activity of the imagination greatly influenced Adam Smith, who adapted them to fashion a theory of the psychology of scientific discovery. (...)
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  12. Robin Downie & Jane Macnaughton (2001). Must Business Judgements Be Self-Interested? Philosophy of Management 1 (1):13-20.
    Judgement is traditionally seen as applicable in two spheres of human endeavour: the theoretical (or the sphere in which we consider both what must be the case and what is likely to be the case) and the practical (or the sphere in which we consider what we ought to do, either because it is in our interests or becausemorality requires it). Now insofar as we are speaking of 'judgement' two conceptual assumptions are being made. Firstly, we are assuming that there (...)
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  13. R. S. Downie (2000). Adam Smith and the Virtues of Enlightenment by Charles L. Griswold, Jr. Cambridge University Press, 1999, £15.95 (Pb). (ISBN 0 521 62891). £45.00 (Hb) (ISBN 0 521 62127 5). [REVIEW] Philosophy 75 (1):131-149.
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  14. R. Downie (1999). The Role of Literature in Medical Education. A Commentary on the Poem: Roswell, Hanger 84. Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (6):529-531.
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  15. R. S. Downie (1998). Medical Technology and Medical Futility. Ends and Means 2 (2):1-7.
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  16. Lisa Sowle Cahill, Mark J. Cherry, Ellen Wright Clayton, Francis Dominic Degnin, Kenneth DeVille, Robin S. Downie, Fiona Randall, Steven D. Edwards, Ruiping Fan & Kateryna Fedoryka (1997). Index to Volume 22. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 22:643-646.
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  17. R. Downie (1997). Xenotransplantation. Journal of Medical Ethics 23 (4):205-206.
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  18. R. S. Downie (1997). The Rules of Insanity: Moral Responsibility and the Mentally Ill Offender. Journal of Medical Ethics 23 (3):196-197.
  19. R. S. Downie & F. Randall (1997). Parenting and the Best Interests of Minors. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 22 (3):219-231.
    The treatment decisions of competent adults, especially treatment refusals, are generally respected. In the case of minors something turns on their age, and older minors ought increasingly to make their own decisions. On the other hand, parents decide on behalf of infants and young children. Their right to do so can best be justified in terms of the importance of preserving intimate family relationships, rather than in terms of the child's best interests, although the child's best interests will most often (...)
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  20. R. S. Downie (1995). Articulations: The Body and Illness in Poetry. Journal of Medical Ethics 21 (5):314-314.
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  21. R. S. Downie (1995). Response to Seedhouse. Journal of Medical Ethics 21 (2):116-117.
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  22. R. S. Downie (1994). Definition. Journal of Medical Ethics 20 (3):181-184.
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  23. R. S. Downie (1994). Healthy Respect: Ethics in Health Care. Oxford University Press.
    The book offers an introduction to the moral concepts and value of health care. It is written by a moral philosopher, a doctor and a nurse and contains questions, cases and exercises which are suitable for medical, nursing and all students and commentators on health care. Moral dilemmas include consent, confidentiality, the giving or withholding of information, and the economics of health care. The issues of artificial reproduction, terminal care and the research and testing of drugs are addressed.
     
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  24. Rex Downie (1994). Don't Count on It. The Chesterton Review 20 (4):552-554.
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  25. R. S. Downie (1993). The Ethics of Medical Involvement in Torture. Journal of Medical Ethics 19 (3):135-137.
    The difficulties of establishing a definition of torture are discussed, and a definition is suggested. It is then argued that, irrespective of general ethical questions, doctors in particular should never be involved because of their social role.
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  26. R. S. Downie, Paul Gilbert & Jeffrey Blustein (1993). Human Relationships: A Philosophical Introduction.Care and Commitment: Taking the Personal Point of View. Philosophical Quarterly 43 (170):112.
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  27. R. Downie (1992). Health Care Ethics and Casuistry. Journal of Medical Ethics 18 (2):61-66.
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  28. R. S. Downie (1991). By What Right?: Studies in Medicine, Ethics and the Law. Journal of Medical Ethics 17 (4):222-222.
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  29. R. S. Downie (1991). Literature and Medicine. Journal of Medical Ethics 17 (2):93-98.
    There are various ways in which medicine and literature interact, but this paper concentrates on the contribution which literature can make to 'whole person understanding'. Scientific understanding is concerned with seeing events and actions in terms of patterns or similarities. But 'whole person understanding' is concerned with uniqueness or with what it is for a given person to have an illness. Literature can in various ways develop this kind of understanding.
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  30. R. S. Downie (1990). Professions and Professionalism. Journal of Philosophy of Education 24 (2):147–159.
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  31. R. S. Downie (1989). Life and Death Decision Making. Philosophical Books 30 (4):234-235.
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  32. R. S. Downie (1988). Health Promotion and Health Education. Journal of Philosophy of Education 22 (1):3–11.
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  33. K. C. Calman & R. S. Downie (1987). Practical Problems in the Teaching of Ethics to Medical Students. Journal of Medical Ethics 13 (3):153-156.
    Some practical problems in the teaching of ethics to medical students are described. The definition of the objectives of the course remains the central aspect, and is more important than the specific content. The use of student projects, buzz groups, case histories and discussion points is described. There is a need for student assessment or examination at the end of the course. The teachers require a broad background in philosophy, clinical medicine and teaching skills. The learning of the teachers may (...)
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  34. R. S. Downie (1987). On Having a Mind of One's Own. In Roger Straughan & John Wilson (eds.), Philosophers on Education. Barnes & Noble Books.
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  35. R. S. Downie (1987). The Elements of Moral Philosophy. Philosophical Books 28 (3):173-175.
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  36. R. S. Downie & Ranaan Gillon (1987). Philosophical Medical Ethics. Philosophical Quarterly 37 (149):461.
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  37. R. S. Downie (1986). Dilemmas, Ethics and Intent--A Commentary. Journal of Medical Ethics 12 (4):210-211.
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  38. R. S. Downie (1986). Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy. Journal of Medical Ethics 12 (3):165-165.
    In this book Bernard Williams delivers a sustained indictment of moral theory from Kant onward. His goal is nothing less than to reorient ethics toward the individual. He deals with the most thorny questions in contemporary philosophy and offers new ideas about issues such as relativism, objectivity, and the possibility of ethical knowledge.
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  39. R. S. Downie (1986). Professional Ethics: Further Comments. Journal of Medical Ethics 12 (4):195-196.
  40. R. S. Downie (1985). Health, Disease, and Causal Explanations in Medicine. Journal of Medical Ethics 11 (2):109-109.
  41. R. S. Downie (1985). Moral Dilemmas in Medicine. Journal of Medical Ethics 11 (3):163-164.
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  42. R. S. Downie (1985). Three Accounts of Promising. Philosophical Quarterly 35 (140):259-271.
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  43. R. S. Downie (1984). Ethics and Surveys. Journal of Medical Ethics 10 (2):77-78.
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  44. R. S. Downie (1984). The Hypothetical Imperative. Mind 93 (372):481-490.
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  45. R. S. Downie (1983). Nursing Ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics 9 (3):176-176.
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  46. R. S. Downie (1982). Collective Responsibility in Health Care. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 7 (1):43-56.
    There is a widespread assumption that responsibility in health care is vested in the last resort in the individual doctor who is caring for a given patient. In the first section of this article I shall try to bring out the plausibility of this assumption, and examine the concept of collective responsibility which it allows. In the second and third sections I shall try to show the fatal weaknesses of the assumption in its unmodified form, and shall argue that if (...)
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  47. R. S. Downie (1982). Rights and Responsibilities in Modern Medicine. Journal of Medical Ethics 8 (4):209-210.
  48. R. S. Downie (1982). W. D. Hudson. A Century of Moral Philosophy. Pp. Vii + 198. (London: Lutterworth Press, 1980). £6·95. [REVIEW] Religious Studies 18 (2):266.
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  49. R. S. Downie (1981). G. Peter Fleck. The Mask of Religion. Pp. X + 204. (Buffalo, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1980.) $7.95. [REVIEW] Religious Studies 17 (4):575.
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  50. R. S. Downie (1981). Professor Downie Replies. Journal of Medical Ethics 7 (3):164-164.
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