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  1. Richard Kraut (2007). What is Good and Why: The Ethics of Well-Being. Harvard University Press.
    In search of good -- A Socratic question -- Flourishing and well-being -- Mind and value -- Utilitarianism -- Rawls and the priority of the right -- Right, wrong, should -- The elimination of moral rightness -- Rules and good -- Categorical imperatives -- Conflicting interests -- Whose good? The egoist's answer -- Whose good? The utilitarian's answer - Self-denial, self-love, universal concern -- Pain, self-love, and altruism -- Agent-neutrality and agent-relativity -- Good, conation, and pleasure -- "Good" and "good (...)
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  2.  28
    Richard Kraut (2011). Against Absolute Goodness. OUP Usa.
    Are there things we should value because they are, quite simply, good? Richard Kraut argues that there are not. Goodness, he holds, is not a reason-giving property - in fact, there may be no such thing. It is an illusory and insidious category of practical thought.
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  3. Richard Kraut (2002). Aristotle: Political Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
    This book offers a systematic overview of Aristotle's conception of well-being, virtue and justice in the Nicomachean Ethics, and then explores the major themes of Politics: civic-mindedness, slavery, family, property, the common good, class conflict, the limited wisdom of the multitude, and the radically egalitarian institutions of the ideal society.
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  4. Richard Kraut (1994). Desire and the Human Good. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 68 (2):315.
    When wc compare contemporary moral philosophy with thc wcll-known moral systems of earlier centuries, wc should bc struck by thc fact that a certain assumption about human well being that is now widely taken for granted was universally rcjcctcd in thc past. The contemporary moral climate prcdisposcs us to bc pluralistic about thc human good, whcrcas earlier systems of ethics embraced a conception of wcll being that wc would now call narrow and restrictive. One way to convey thc sort of (...)
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  5.  27
    Stephen Clark & R. Kraut (1993). Aristotle on the Human Good. Journal of Hellenic Studies 113 (3):193.
    Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, which equates the ultimate end of human life with happiness, is thought by many readers to argue that this highest goal consists in the largest possible aggregate of intrinsic goods. Richard Kraut proposes instead that Aristotle identifies happiness with only one type of good: excellent activity of the rational soul. In defense of this reading, Kraut discusses Aristotle's attempt to organize all human goods into a single structure, so that each subordinate end is desirable for the sake (...)
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  6.  99
    R. Kraut (1990). Books in Review. Political Theory 18 (3):492-496.
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  7. Richard Kraut (1979). Two Conceptions of Happiness. Philosophical Review 88 (2):167-197.
    I argue that the many similarities between what aristotle says about "eudaimonia" and what we say about happiness justify the traditional translation of "eudaimonia" as "happiness." it is not widely realized that "eudaimonia" involves a psychological state much like the one we call "happiness." nor is it generally recognized that both "eudaimonia" and "happiness" involve a standard for evaluating lives. For aristotle, The standard is objective and inflexible; for us, It is subjective and flexible. Thus, When we call someone happy (...)
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  8. Richard Kraut (1994). The Therapy of Desire Theory and Practice in Hellenistic Ethics. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
  9.  10
    J. L. Ackrill, Julia Annas, M. F. Burnyeat, John M. Cooper, Marcia L. Homiak, Rosalind Hursthouse, T. H. Irwin, L. A. Kosman, Richard Kraut, John McDowell, Alfred R. Mele & Martha C. Nussbaum (1998). Aristotle's Ethics: Critical Essays. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    The ethics of Aristotle , and virtue ethics in general, have enjoyed a resurgence of interest over the past few decades. Aristotelian themes, with such issues as the importance of friendship and emotions in a good life, the role of moral perception in wise choice, the nature of happiness and its constitution, moral education and habituation, are finding an important place in contemporary moral debates. Taken together, the essays in this volume provide a close analysis of central arguments in Aristotle's (...)
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  10. Robert Kraut (1987). Love De Re. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 10 (1):413-430.
  11. Richard Kraut (ed.) (2006). The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics. Blackwell Pub..
    The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics illuminates Aristotle’s ethics for both academics and students new to the work, with sixteen newly commissioned essays by distinguished international scholars. The structure of the book mirrors the organization of the Nichomachean Ethics itself. Discusses the human good, the general nature of virtue, the distinctive characteristics of particular virtues, voluntariness, self-control, and pleasure.
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  12. Robert Kraut (2010). Universals, Metaphysical Explanations, and Pragmatism. Journal of Philosophy 107 (11):590-609.
  13. Richard Kraut (2008). Aristotle's Ethics. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Aristotle conceives of ethical theory as a field distinct from the theoretical sciences. Its methodology must match its subject matter—good action—and must respect the fact that in this field many generalizations hold only for the most part. We study ethics in order to improve our lives, and therefore its principal concern is the nature of human well-being. Aristotle follows Socrates and Plato in taking the virtues to be central to a well-lived life. Like Plato, he regards the ethical virtues (justice, (...)
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  14. Richard Kraut (1992). The Defense of Justice in Plato's Republic. In The Cambridge Companion to Plato. Cambridge University Press 311--337.
     
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  15.  31
    Robert Kraut (1993). Robust Deflationism. Philosophical Review 102 (2):247-263.
  16.  39
    Robert Kraut (2015). Art and Art-Attempts. Analysis 75 (4):668-675.
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  17. Richard Kraut (1983). Comments on Gregory Vlastos,'The Socratic Elenchus,'. Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 1 (1983):59-70.
     
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  18. Robert Kraut (1990). Varieties of Pragmatism. Mind 99 (394):157-183.
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  19. Richard Kraut (2011). Review of Thomas Hurka, The Best Things in Life: A Guide to What Really Matters. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2011 (1).
  20.  14
    Richard Kraut (1994). Other Goods Must Be Assessed. 2. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 68 (2):39-54.
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  21. Rachana Kamtekar, Mark McPherran, P. T. Geach, S. Marc Cohen, Gregory Vlastos, E. De Strycker, S. R. Slings, Donald Morrison, Terence Irwin, M. F. Burnyeat, Thomas C. Brickhouse, Nicholas D. Smith, Richard Kraut, David Bostock & Verity Harte (2004). Plato's Euthyphro, Apology, and Crito: Critical Essays. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Plato's Euthyrphro, Apology, andCrito portray Socrates' words and deeds during his trial for disbelieving in the Gods of Athens and corrupting the Athenian youth, and constitute a defense of the man Socrates and of his way of life, the philosophic life. The twelve essays in the volume, written by leading classical philosophers, investigate various aspects of these works of Plato, including the significance of Plato's characters, Socrates's revolutionary religious ideas, and the relationship between historical events and Plato's texts.
     
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  22.  50
    Richard Kraut (ed.) (1992). The Cambridge Companion to Plato. Cambridge University Press.
    Plato stands as the fount of our philosophical tradition, being the first Western thinker to produce a body of writing that touches upon a wide range of topics still discussed by philosophers today. In a sense he invented philosophy as a distinct subject, for although many of these topics were discussed by his intellectual predecessors and contemporaries, he was the first to bring them together by giving them a unitary treatment. This volume contains fourteen new essays discussing Plato's views about (...)
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  23. Richard Kraut (1999). Return to the Cave: Republic 519-521. In Gail Fine (ed.), Plato 2: Ethics, Politics, Religion, and the Soul. OUP Oxford 43-62.
     
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  24.  5
    Richard Kraut & Gregory Vlastos (1986). Socrates and the State. Ethics 96 (2):400-415.
    This fresh outlook on Socrates' political philosophy in Plato's early dialogues argues that it is both more subtle and less authoritarian than has been supposed. Focusing on the Crito, Richard Kraut shows that Plato explains Socrates' refusal to escape from jail and his acceptance of the death penalty as arising not from a philosophy that requires blind obedience to every legal command but from a highly balanced compromise between the state and the citizen. In addition, Professor Kraut contends that our (...)
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  25.  60
    Robert Kraut (2012). Ontology. The Monist 95 (4):684-710.
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  26.  23
    Richard Kraut (1999). Politics, Neutrality, and the Good. Social Philosophy and Policy 16 (1):315.
    A large number of prominent philosophers have in recent years advocated the thesis that the modern nation-state should adopt a stance of neutrality toward questions about the nature of the human good. The government, according to this way of thinking, has two proper goals, neither of which require it to make assumptions about what the constituents of a flourishing life are. First, the state must protect people against the invasion of their rights and uphold those principles of justice without which (...)
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  27.  67
    Robert Kraut (1986). Feelings in Context. Journal of Philosophy 83 (11):642-652.
  28.  2
    Richard Kraut (2016). Levels of Argument: A Comparative Study of Plato's “Republic” and Aristotle's “Nicomachean Ethics.”. Philosophical Review 125 (3):447-450.
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  29.  36
    Richard Kraut (2006). Doing Without Morality: Reflections on the Meaning of Dein in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics. Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 30:159-200.
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  30.  50
    Robert Kraut (2005). Why Does Jazz Matter to Aesthetic Theory? Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 63 (1):3–15.
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  31.  33
    Robert Kraut (2001). Metaphysical Explanation and the Philosophy of Mathematics: Reflections on Jerrold Katz's Realistic Rationalism. Philosophia Mathematica 9 (2):154-183.
    Mathematical practice prompts theories about aprioricity, necessity, abstracta, and non-causal epistemic connections. But it is not clear what to count as the data: mathematical necessity or the appearance of mathematical necessity, abstractness or apparent abstractness, a prioricity or apparent aprioricity. Nor is it clear whether traditional metaphysical theories provide explanation or idle redescription. This paper suggests that abstract objects, rather than doing explanatory work, provide codifications of the data to be explained. It also suggests that traditional rivals—conceptualism, nominalism, realism—engage different (...)
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  32.  37
    R. Kraut (1982). Sensory States and Sensory Objects. Noûs 16 (May):277-93.
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  33. Richard Kraut (1973). Reason and Justice in Plato's Republic. In Gregory Vlastos, Edward N. Lee, Alexander P. D. Mourelatos & Richard Rorty (eds.), Phronesis. Assen,van Gorcum 207--224.
     
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  34.  48
    Richard Kraut (1973). Egoism, Love, and Political Office in Plato. Philosophical Review 82 (3):330-344.
  35. Richard Kraut, Julia Annas, John M. Cooper, Jonathan Lear, Iris Murdoch, C. D. C. Reeve, David Sachs, Arlene W. Saxonhouse, C. C. W. Taylor, James O. Urmson, Gregory Vlastos & Bernard Williams (1997). Plato's Republic: Critical Essays. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Bringing between two covers the most influential and accessible articles on Plato's Republic, this collection illuminates what is widely held to be the most important work of Western philosophy and political theory. It will be valuable not only to philosophers, but to political theorists, historians, classicists, literary scholars, and interested general readers.
     
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  36.  35
    Robert Kraut (1976). On the Philosphical Relevance of Possible-Worlds Semantics. Philosophica 18.
  37.  89
    Richard Kraut (2007). Nature in Aristotle's Ethics and Politics. Social Philosophy and Policy 24 (2):199-219.
    Aristotle's doctrine that human beings are political animals is, in part, an empirical thesis, and posits an inclination to enter into cooperative relationships, even apart from the instrumental benefits of doing so. Aristotle's insight is that human cooperation rests on a non-rational propensity to trust even strangers, when conditions are favorable. Turning to broader questions about the role of nature in human development, I situate Aristotle's attitude towards our natural propensities between two extremes: he rejects both the view that we (...)
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  38. Richard Kraut (ed.) (2006). The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics. Wiley-Blackwell.
    _The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics_ illuminates Aristotle’s ethics for both academics and students new to the work, with sixteen newly commissioned essays by distinguished international scholars. The structure of the book mirrors the organization of the Nichomachean Ethics itself. Discusses the human good, the general nature of virtue, the distinctive characteristics of particular virtues, voluntariness, self-control, and pleasure.
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  39.  49
    Robert Kraut (1983). There Are No de Dicto Attitudes. Synthese 54 (2):275 - 294.
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  40.  56
    Richard Kraut (1993). Gregory Vlastos on Justice and Equality. Apeiron 26 (3/4):99 - 109.
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  41.  50
    Robert Kraut (1980). The Metaphysics of Counterpart Theory. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 58 (2):150 – 157.
    The technical apparatus of modal semantics--Possible worlds, World-Lines, Counterparts, Etc.--Continues to arouse suspicion among philosophers of various persuasions. A way to dispel at least some of the suspicion is to provide a naturalistic interpretation of the semantical machinery. My goal here is precisely that. More specifically, I provide a behavioristically acceptable interpretation of david lewis' counterpart theory. Reference to worlds and counterparts is construed in sober, Quinean terms. The result is a "metalinguistic" construal of counterpart semantics, And thus, Of modality. (...)
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  42.  50
    Richard Kraut (1984). Socrates. Ancient Philosophy 4 (2):246-249.
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  43.  44
    Robert Kraut (1980). Indiscerniblity and Ontology. Synthese 44 (1):113 - 135.
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  44.  15
    Kevin Hawthorne, Michael James, Richard Kraut, Miguel Vattei Tarnopolsky, Candace Voglen Stephen White & Linda Zerilli (2003). Tragic Recognition. Political Theory 31 (1):6-38.
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  45.  64
    Richard Kraut (2004). Review: Individual and Conflict in Greek Ethics. [REVIEW] Mind 113 (450):401-404.
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  46.  6
    Richard Kraut (2006). How to Justify Ethical Propositions : Aristotle's Method. In The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics. Blackwell Pub. 76--95.
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  47.  33
    Richard Kraut (1993). In Defense of the Grand End:Ethics with Aristotle. Sarah Broadie. Ethics 103 (2):361-.
  48.  62
    Richard Kraut (2009). Review of Charles Larmore, The Autonomy of Morality. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (2).
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  49.  26
    Richard Kraut (2013). Précis: Against Absolute Goodness. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 87 (2):457-458.
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  50.  38
    Richard Kraut (1979). The Peculiar Function of Human Beings. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 9 (3):467 - 478.
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