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Raymond Turner [20]R. Turner [20]R. L. Turner [10]Robin Turner [7]
Roy Turner [7]Ralph Turner [5]R. Steven Turner [5]R. Kerry Turner [4]

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See also:
Profile: Raymond Turner (University of Essex)
Profile: Richard Turner
Profile: Reeves Turner (Georgia State University)
Profile: Rebecca Turner
  1.  22
    Raymond Turner (2011). Specification. Minds and Machines 21 (2):135-152.
    The specification and implementation of computational artefacts occurs throughout the discipline of computer science. Consequently, unpacking its nature should constitute one of the core areas of the philosophy of computer science. This paper presents a conceptual analysis of the central role of specification in the discipline.
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  2.  76
    Gennaro Chierchia & Raymond Turner (1988). Semantics and Property Theory. Linguistics and Philosophy 11 (3):261 - 302.
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  3.  14
    Raymond Turner (2014). Programming Languages as Technical Artifacts. Philosophy and Technology 27 (3):377-397.
    Taken at face value, a programming language is defined by a formal grammar. But, clearly, there is more to it. By themselves, the naked strings of the language do not determine when a program is correct relative to some specification. For this, the constructs of the language must be given some semantic content. Moreover, to be employed to generate physical computations, a programming language must have a physical implementation. How are we to conceptualize this complex package? Ontologically, what kind of (...)
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  4.  3
    Raymond Turner (2009). Computable Models. Springer.
    Raymond Turner first provides a logical framework for specification and the design of specification languages, then uses this framework to introduce and study ...
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  5.  29
    Raymond Turner (2007). Understanding Programming Languages. Minds and Machines 17 (2):203-216.
    We document the influence on programming language semantics of the Platonism/formalism divide in the philosophy of mathematics.
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  6.  46
    C. Portas, Geraint Rees, A. Howseman, O. Josephs, R. Turner & Christopher D. Frith (1998). A Specific Role for the Thalamus in Mediating the Interaction of Attention and Arousal in Humans. Journal of Neuroscience 18 (21):8979-8989.
  7. Raymond Turner (1990). Truth and Modality for Knowledge Representation. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  8.  10
    Ray Turner (1987). A Theory of Properties. Journal of Symbolic Logic 52 (2):455-472.
  9.  4
    R. Steven Turner (1987). The Great Transition and the Social Patterns of German Science. Minerva 25 (1-2):56-76.
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  10.  8
    Amnon H. Eden & Raymond Turner (2007). Problems in the Ontology of Computer Programs. Applied Ontology 2 (1):13-36.
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  11.  9
    Rita Turner (2009). The Discursive Construction of Anthropocentrism. Environmental Ethics 31 (2):183-201.
    Our businesses, policies, and lifestyles cause unexamined consequences for other people and other living beings, and exact sweeping destruction on the very ecosystems which support all life, including our own. A major factor contributing to this destructive behavior is the anthropocentric character of the dominant Western world view, which conceives of the nonhuman living world as apart from and less important than the human world, and which conceptualizes nonhuman nature—including animals, plants, ecological systems, the land, and the atmosphere—as inert, silent, (...)
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  12.  12
    Chris Fox & Raymond Turner (2012). In Defence of Axiomatic Semantics. In Piotr Stalmaszcyzk (ed.), Philosophical and Formal Approaches to Linguistic Analysis. Ontos Verlag 145.
    We may wonder about the status of logical accounts of the meaning of language. When does a particular proposal count as a theory? How do we judge a theory to be correct? What criteria can we use to decide whether one theory is “better” than another? Implicitly, many accounts attribute a foundational status to set theory, and set-theoretic characterisations of possible worlds in particular. The goal of a semantic theory is then to find a translation of the phenomena of interest (...)
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  13. David Pearce, Edward Barbier, Anil Markandya, Scott Barrett, R. Kerry Turner & Timothy Swanson (1992). Blueprint 2: Greening the World Economy. Environmental Values 1 (2):173-174.
     
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  14. Ralph Turner (1996). King John's Concept of Royal Authority. History of Political Thought 17 (2):157-178.
     
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  15. Raymond Turner (1984). Logics for Artificial Intelligence.
     
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  16.  16
    Raymond Turner (1983). Montague Semantics, Nominalization and Scott's Domains. Linguistics and Philosophy 6 (2):259 - 288.
  17. R. Steven Turner (1993). Consensus and Controversy: Helmholtz on the Visual Perception of Space. In David Cahan (ed.), Hermann von Helmholtz and the Foundations of Nineteenth-Century Science. University of California Press 154--203.
     
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  18.  29
    Robin Turner, "Male Logic" and "Women's Intuition" The Split in Our Thinking Between "Masculine" and "Feminine" is Probably as Old as Language Itself. Human Beings Seem..
    The split in our thinking between "masculine" and "feminine" is probably as old as language itself. Human beings seem to have a natural tendency to divide things into pairs: good/bad, light/dark, subject/object and so on. It is not surprising, then, that the male/female or masculine/feminine dichotomy is used to classify things other than men and women. Many languages actually classify all nouns as "masculine" or "feminine" (although not very consistently: for example, the Spanish masculine noun pollo means "hen", while the (...)
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  19.  3
    R. Turner (1977). The Ohm-Seebeck Dispute, Hermann von Helmholtz, and the Origins of Physiological Acoustics. British Journal for the History of Science 10 (1):1-24.
    The term ‘Ohm's law’ traditionally denotes the formula of Georg Simon Ohm relating voltage, current, and resistance in metallic conductors. But to students of sensory physiology and its history, ‘Ohm's law’ also denotes another relationship: the fundamental principle of auditory perception that Ohm announced in 1843. This aspect of Ohm's science has attracted very little attention, partly because his galvanic researches so thoroughly eclipsed it in success and importance, and partly because Ohm's work in physiological acoustics had so little immediate (...)
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  20.  1
    Roy Turner (1976). Utterance Positioning as an Interactional Resource. Semiotica 17 (3).
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  21.  10
    Roy Turner (1985). Speech and the Social Contract. Inquiry 28 (1-4):43 – 53.
    Austin's ?doctrine of the infelicities?, whereby performative utterances are vulnerable to the risk of failure, has been criticized for treating such a possibility as contingent rather than as necessary (and hence revelatory of the essential nature of speech acts). This paper seeks to trace out what is at stake for one who maintains Austin's position. It examines Austin's curious hypothetical history of the development of speech acts, which is found to resemble forms of social?contract theory, and the problem with this (...)
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  22.  27
    Robin Turner, "Male Logic" and "Women's Intuition".
    The split in our thinking between "masculine" and "feminine" is probably as old as language itself. Human beings seem to have a natural tendency to divide things into pairs: good/bad, light/dark, subject/object and so on. It is not surprising, then, that the male/female or masculine/feminine dichotomy is used to classify things other than men and women. Many languages actually classify all nouns as "masculine" or "feminine" (although not very consistently: for example, the Spanish masculine noun pollo means "hen", while the (...)
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  23.  16
    Roy Turner (2008). Did Duchamp's Urinal Flush Away Art? Philosophy Now 67:20-22.
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  24.  19
    Robin Turner, "Empty is the Argument of the Philosopher Which Relieves No Human Suffering" - Epicurus.
    It is often disillusioning to find that many great thinkers arenot nice people. Frequently, they are not even happy people.Schopenhauer was as miserable as they come, Heidegger was a memberof the Nazi Party, and Nietzsche went mad (though probably due to syphilis rather than philosophy). We expect philosophy to help us to live happily and wisely, yet many philosophers not only fail to do this, but are dull or unpleasant into the bargain.
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  25. Gennaro Chierchia, Barbara Hall Partee & Raymond Turner (1989). Properties, Types and Meaning. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  26.  6
    Raymond Turner (1990). Logics of Truth. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 31 (2):308-329.
  27.  24
    Raymond Turner, The Philosophy of Computer Science. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  28.  10
    Wesley W. Sharrock & Roy Turner (1980). Observation, Esoteric Knowledge, and Automobiles. Human Studies 3 (1):19 - 31.
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  29.  16
    Robin Turner, Adam and Eve: A Thought Experiment.
    To simplify the relation between desire and morality, and between personal and moral good, we can imagine a world of only two people; let us call them Adam and Eve, for the sake of tradition. This gives us two types of personal good: good for Adam and good for Eve. What is good for Adam (or Eve) is what tends to realise his or her desires in general, and, where desires conflict, realises the desires that are stronger in the long-term. (...)
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  30.  13
    Robert Turner (2006). Ritual: Meaningful or Meaningless? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (6):633-633.
    In conflating opposing meanings of the term “ritual,” arising from historical Western cultural conflicts regarding church and state, this target article begs fundamental questions. Its appeals to cognitive science concepts such as “working memory” are poorly informed and obfuscate what could have been a far more penetrating and less biased discussion of stereotyped human action. (Published Online February 8 2007).
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  31.  16
    Raymond Turner (1985). Three Theories of Nominalized Predicates. Studia Logica 44 (2):165 - 186.
    By the term nominalization I mean any process which transforms a predicate or predicate phrase into a noun or noun phrase, e.g. feminine is transformed into feminity. I call these derivative nouns abstract singular terms. Our aim is to provide a model-theoretic interpretation for a formal language which admits the occurrence of such abstract singular terms.
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  32.  3
    Raymond Turner (1985). Nominalization and Scott's Domains. II. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 26 (4):463-478.
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  33.  1
    Sue Eckstein, Rachel Turner & Nabil Al-Khalisi (2010). Reflection and Refraction. Clinical Ethics 5 (2):103-107.
    Personal narratives in which medical students and clinicians reflect on their education and practice, or recipients of health care reflect on their journey though the system can provide valuable insights which can usefully be shared. In this paper, a medical student describes the effect of a humanities-based student-selected component on her understanding of anatomy and dissection, and a junior doctor in Iraq learns some painful lessons about medicine and society during a night shift in the casualty department.
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  34.  15
    Raymond Turner (1981). Counterfactuals Without Possible Worlds. Journal of Philosophical Logic 10 (4):453 - 493.
  35.  15
    Raymond Turner (2007). The Philosophy of Computer Science: Introduction to the Special Issue. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 17 (2):129-133.
  36.  11
    Robin Turner, The Diffidence Principle.
    When Thomas Hobbes published Leviathan in 1651, one of his main concerns was to attack the idea that subjects had rights over their sovereigns. This notion, he thought, would lead eventually to civil war of the kind he had just lived through. In his famously grim view of the State of Nature, everyone has the right to everything, and because this leads inevitably to competition, everyone is afraid of everyone else, a state he calls “diffidence”. This in turn leads to (...)
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  37.  3
    R. L. Turner (1914). Untersuchungen über die Natur der griechischen Betonung. Von Hugo Ehrlich. Cm. 23 × 15. 1 vol. Pp. xi + 275. Berlin: Weidmannsche Buchhandlung, 1912. M. 8. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 28 (02):60-.
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  38.  4
    Robert Turner (2011). Conditioned Subjects: Connolly, the Amygdala, Fear, and Freedom. Theory and Event 14 (3).
  39.  6
    Rita Turner (2010). Everyday Ethics and Social Change. Environmental Ethics 32 (4):421-424.
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  40.  1
    Ralph V. Turner (1999). Guala Bicchieri, The Letters and Charters of Cardinal Guala Bicchieri, Papal Legate in England, 1216–1218, Ed. Nicholas Vincent. (Canterbury and York Society, 83.) Woodbridge, Suff., and Rochester, N.Y.: Boydell and Brewer, 1996. Pp. Xcvi, 193; 4 Black-and-White Plates. $45. [REVIEW] Speculum 74 (1):124-126.
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  41.  2
    R. L. Turner (1932). Akzent Und Diphthongierung. Von Alfred Schmitt. Heidelberg: Winter, 1931. Pp. Vii + 137. Paper, M. 4.50. The Classical Review 46 (05):237-.
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  42.  2
    Roy Brouwer, Neil Powe, R. Kerry Turner, Ian J. Bateman & Ian H. Langford (1999). Public Attitudes to Contingent Valuation and Public Consultation. Environmental Values 8 (3):325 - 347.
    The use of cost-benefit analysis (CBA) in environmental decision-making and the contingent valuation (CV) technique as input into traditional CBA to elicit environmental values in monetary terms has stimulated an extensive debate. Critics have questioned the appropriateness of both the method and the technique. Some alternative suggestions for the elicitation of environmental values are based on a social process of deliberation. However, just like traditional economic theory, these alternative approaches may be questioned on their implicit value judgements regarding the legitimacy (...)
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  43.  1
    R. L. Turner (1913). Le Futur Grec. Par Victor Magnien. Cm. 25×16. 2 Vols. Pp. Xii + 448 Andix + 337. Paris: Honoré Champion, 1912. Fr. 20. The Classical Review 27 (08):280-281.
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  44.  7
    Robin Turner, Learn Logic with Beavis and Butthead!
    A work in progress, where our two friends exemplify logical fallacies, types of causation and other cool stuff. Quotations are from memory, and so may not be entirely accurate, e.g. I may have substituted "buttmunch" for "buttknocker"...
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  45.  1
    R. C. Atkinson, W. H. Bogartz & R. N. Turner (1959). Supplementary Report: Discrimination Learning with Probabilistic Reinforcement Schedules. Journal of Experimental Psychology 57 (5):349.
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  46.  1
    Elise H. Turner & Roy M. Turner (2001). Representing the Graphics Context to Support Understanding Plural Anaphora in Multi-Modal Interfaces. In P. Bouquet V. Akman (ed.), Modeling and Using Context. Springer 330--342.
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  47.  4
    R. L. Turner (1930). Ictus and Accent Iktus und Akzent im lateinischen Sprechvers. Von Eduard Fraenkel. Mit einem Beitrag von Andreas Thierfelder. 10″ × 6½″. Pp. viii + 425. Berlin: Weidmannsche Buchhandlung, 1928. Paper, M. 25. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 44 (02):71-74.
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  48.  5
    R. H. Turner (1959). Book Review:On the Diversity of Morals. Morris Ginsberg. [REVIEW] Ethics 69 (3):209-.
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  49.  7
    Robin Turner, Linguistics Essays.
    Future Forms in English. A look at "will" and the futurates. Pretty basic stuff, but some people might find it useful. Register in Academic Writing . This is where I get Hallidayan for a change: an analysis of two different academic genres, with some comments about the teaching of academic writing (this is the paper I would have given at the Reading University conference on writing if I'd been able to afford the air fare!).
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  50.  4
    Roy Turner (2010). Ethics Made Easy. Philosophy Now 81:29-31.
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