Search results for 'RaduJ Bogdan' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. RaduJ Bogdan, Minding Minds.score: 120.0
    The theme of this essay is rather simple, though its demonstration is not. It is that humans think reflexively or metamentally because -- and often in the forms in which -- they interpret each other. In this essay ‘metamental’ means ‘about mental’ and ‘reflexive mind’ means ‘a mind thinking about its own thoughts.’ To think reflexively or metamentally is to think about thoughts deliberately and explicitly, as in thinking that my current thoughts about metamentation are right. Thinking about thoughts requires (...)
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  2. Radu J. Bogdan (1988). Replies to Israel and Dretske's Bogdan on Information. Mind and Language 3:145-151.score: 120.0
     
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  3. Radu J. Bogdan (2003). Minding Minds: Evolving a Reflexive Mind by Interpreting Others. MIT Press.score: 60.0
    In this book, Radu Bogdan proposes that humans think reflexively because they interpret each other's minds in social contexts of cooperation, communication, ...
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  4. Radu J. Bogdan (1993). The Architectural Nonchalance of Commonsense Psychology. Mind and Language 8 (2):189-205.score: 60.0
    Eliminativism assumes that commonsense psychology describes and explains the mind in terms of the internal design and operation of the mind. If this assumption is invalidated, so is eliminativism. The same conditional is true of intentional realism. Elsewhere (Bogdan 1991) I have argued against this 'folk- theory-theory' assumption by showing that commonsense psychology is not an empirical prototheory of the mind but a biosocially motivated practice of coding, utilizing, and sharing information from and about conspecifics. Here, without presupposing a (...)
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  5. R. Bogdan (ed.) (1986). Belief: Form, Content, and Function. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    Some of the topics presented in this volume of original essays on contemporary approaches to belief include the problem of misrepresentation and false belief, conscious versus unconscious belief, explicit versus tacit belief, and the durable versus ephemeral question of the nature of belief. The contributors, Fred Dretske, Keith Lehrer, William Lycan, Stephen Schiffer, Stephen P. Stich, and the editor, Radu Bogdan, focus on the mental realization of belief, its cognitive and behavioral aspects, and the semantic aspects of its content. (...)
     
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  6. Radu J. Bogdan (1988). Mental Attitudes and Common Sense Psychology: The Case Against Elimination. Noûs 22 (September):369-398.score: 30.0
    Aside from brute force, there are several philosophically respectable ways of eliminating the mental. In recent years the most popular elimination strategy has been directed against our common sense or folk psychological understanding of the mental. The strategy goes by the name of eliminative materialism (or eliminativism, in short). The motivation behind this strategy seems to be the following. If common sense psychology can be construed as the principled theory of the mental, whose vocabulary and principles implicitly define what counts (...)
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  7. Radu J. Bogdan (1989). What Do We Need Concepts For? Mind and Language 4 (1-2):17-23.score: 30.0
    If we are serious about concepts, we must begin by addressing two questions: What are concepts for, what is their job? And what means are available in an organism for concepts to do their job? One is a question of raison d'.
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  8. Radu Bogdan (1985). Cognition and Epistemic Closure. American Philosophical Quarterly 22 (1):55 - 63.score: 30.0
    JUSTIFICATION and knowledge are thought to be closed under known implication..1 This widely shared assumption is embodied in the following principles of epistemic closure.
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  9. Radu J. Bogdan (1986). The Objects of Perception. In , Roderick Chisholm. Reidel: Dordrecht.score: 30.0
    Our perceptions, beliefs, thoughts and memories have objects. They are about or of things and properties around us. I perceive her, have beliefs about her, think of her and have memories of her. How are we to construe this aboutness (or ofness) of our cognitive states?' There are four major choices on the philosophical market. There is an interaction approach which says that the object of cognition is fixed by and understood in terms of what cognizers physically and sensorily interact (...)
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  10. Radu J. Bogdan (1987). Mind, Content and Information. Synthese 70 (February):205-227.score: 30.0
    What is it that one thinks or believes when one thinks or believes something? A mental formula? A sentence in some natural language? Its truth conditions? Or perhaps an abstract proposition? The current story of content is fairly ecumenical. It says that a number of aspects, some mental, other semantic, go into our understanding of content. Yet the current story is incomplete. It leaves out a very important aspect of content, one which I call incremental information. It is information in (...)
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  11. Radu J. Bogdan (2005). Pretending as Imaginative Rehearsal for Cultural Conformity. Journal of Cognition and Culture 5 (1-2):191-213.score: 30.0
    Pretend play and pretense develop in distinct phases of childhood as ontogenetically adaptive responses to pressures specific to those phases, and may have evolved in different periods of human ancestry. These are pressures to assimilate cultural artifacts, norms, roles, and behavioral scripts. The playful and creative elements in both forms of pretending are dictated by the variable, open-ended, and evolving nature and function of the cultural tasks they handle. The resulting creativity of the adult intellect is likely to be a (...)
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  12. Radu J. Bogdan (ed.) (1991). Mind and Common Sense: Philosophical Essays on Commonsense Psychology. Cambridge University Press.score: 30.0
    The contributors to this volume examine current controversies about the importance of common sense psychology for our understanding of the human mind. Common sense provides a familiar and friendly psychological scheme by which to talk about the mind. Its categories (belief, desire, intention, consciousness, emotion, and so on) tend to portray the mind as quite different from the rest of nature, and thus irreducible to physical matters and its laws. In this volume a variety of positions on common sense psychology (...)
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  13. Radu J. Bogdan (1988). Information and Semantic Cognition: An Ontological Account. Mind and Language 3 (2):81-122.score: 30.0
    Information is the fuel of cognition. At its most basic level, information is a matter of structures interacting under laws. The notion of information thus reflects the (relational) fact that a structure is created by the impact of another structure. The impacted structure is an encoding, in some concrete form, of the interaction with the impacting structure. Information is, essentially, the structural trace in some system of an interaction with another system; it is also, as a consequence, the structural fuel (...)
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  14. Radu J. Bogdan (1989). Does Semantics Run the Psyche? Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 49 (June):687-700.score: 30.0
    If there is a dogma in the contemporary philosophy of the cognitive mind, it must be the notion that cognition is semantic causation or, differently put, that it is semantics that runs the psyche. This is what the notion of psychosemantics and (often) intentionality are all about. Another dogma, less widespread than the first but almost equally potent, is that common sense psychology is the implicit theory of psychosemantics. The two dogmas are jointly encapsulated in the following axiom. Mental attitudes (...)
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  15. Radu J. Bogdan (1997). Interpreting Minds: The Evolution of a Practice. MIT Press/Bradford Books.score: 30.0
  16. Radu J. Bogdan (1994). Grounds for Cognition. Erlbaum.score: 30.0
    This is how guidance of behavior to goal grounds and explains cognition and the main forms in which it manages information.
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  17. Radu Bogdan, History of Cognitive Science.score: 30.0
    In spite of of its name, cognitive science is not yet a fully coherent and integrated science but rather a fairly loose coalition of largely independent disciplines, some descriptive and empirical (cognitive psychology, linguistics, neuroscience, cognitive anthropology), some speculative and foundational (philosophy), others both speculative and applied (artificial intelligence). What brought these disciplines together and still sustains their interdisciplinary cooperation is the dedication to explain, simulate and technically reproduce the workings of the human mind according to a distinct and rather (...)
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  18. Radu J. Bogdan (2007). Inside Loops: Developmental Premises of Self-Ascriptions. Synthese 159 (2):235-252.score: 30.0
    Self-ascriptions of thoughts and attitudes depend on a sense of the intentionality of one’s own mental states, which develops later than, and independently of, the sense of the intentionality of the thoughts and attitudes of others. This sense of the self-intentionality of one’s own mental states grows initially out of executive developments that enable one to simulate one’s own actions and perceptions, as genuine off-line thoughts, and to regulate such simulations.
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  19. Radu J. Bogdan, Common Sense Naturalized.score: 30.0
    Almost everybody believes, but nobody has conclusively shown, that common sense psychology is a descriptive body of knowledge about the mind, the way physics is about elementary particles or medicine about bodily conditions. Of course, common sense psychology helps itself to many notions about the mind. This does not show that common sense psychology is about the mind. Physics also helps itself to plenty of mathematical notions, without being about mathematical entities and relations. Employment of notions about the mind does (...)
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  20. Radu J. Bogdan (2001). Developing Mental Abilities by Representing Intentionality. Synthese 129 (2):233-258.score: 30.0
    Communication by shared meaning, themastery of word semantics,metarepresentation and metamentation aremental abilities, uniquely human, that share a sense ofintentionality or reference. The latteris developed by a naive psychology or interpretation – acompetence dedicated to representingintentional relations between conspecifics and the world. Theidea that interpretation builds new mentalabilities around a sense of reference is based on three linesof analysis – conceptual, psychological andevolutionary. The conceptual analysis reveals that a senseof reference is at the heart of the abilitiesin question. Psychological data track (...)
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  21. Radu J. Bogdan (2005). Why Self-Ascriptions Are Difficult and Develop Late. In B. Malle & S. Hodges. (eds.), Other Minds. Guilford Press. 190--206.score: 30.0
    Many philosophers and a few psychologists think that we understand our own minds before we understand those of others. Most developmental psychologists think that children understand their own minds at about the same time they understand other minds, by using the same cognitive abilities. I disagree with both views. I think that children understand other minds before they understand their own. Their self-understanding depends on some cognitive abilities that develop later than, and independently of, the abilities involved in understanding other (...)
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  22. Radu J. Bogdan (2004). What is Epistemic Discourse About?. In. In D. Kolak & J. Symons (eds.), Quantifiers, Questions and Quantum Physics. Springer. 49--60.score: 30.0
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  23. Radu J. Bogdan (ed.) (1986). Roderick Chisholm. Reidel: Dordrecht.score: 30.0
    RODERICK M. CHISHOLM SELF-PROFILE A. My Philosophical Education Academic What brought me into philosophy was an excellent introductory course in the subject ...
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  24. Radu J. Bogdan (1991). The Folklore of the Mind. In R. Bogdan (ed.), Mind and Common Sense. Cambridge University Press.score: 30.0
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  25. Radu J. Bogdan (1994). By Way of Means and Ends. In , Grounds for Cognition. Lawrence Erlbaum.score: 30.0
    This chapter provides the teleological foundations for our analysis of guidance to goal. Its objective is to ground goal-directedness genetically. The basic suggestion is this. Organisms are small things, with few energy resources and puny physical means, battling a ruthless physical and biological nature. How do they manage to survive and multiply? CLEVERLY, BY ORGANIZING.
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  26. Radu J. Bogdan & Ilkka Niiniluoto (eds.) (1973). Logic, Language, and Probability. Boston,D. Reidel Pub. Co..score: 30.0
    AN INTENSIONAL INTERPRETATION OF TRUTH-VALUES* 1. Introduction In a profound and seminal paper of 1956 'Begrundung einer strengen Implikation', JSL), ...
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  27. Radu J. Bogdan (2008). Predicative Minds: The Social Ontogeny of Propositional Thinking. MIT Press/Bradford Books.score: 30.0
    An exploration of why and how the human competence for predication came to be.
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  28. Deanne Bogdan & Stephen Yeomans (1986). School Censorship and Learning Values Through Literature. Journal of Moral Education 15 (3):197-211.score: 30.0
    Abstract This paper approaches the school censorship question and its implications for learning values through literature by focusing on the incidents of a particular case, that of Peterborough County, Ontario, Canada, and by examining the attack on, defence of, and counterargument to the apologia offered for teaching Margaret Laurence's The Diviners. The first part chronicles the actual events within their political context; the second challenges the epistemological assumptions underlying the conception of literature as a reflection or representation of life, in (...)
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  29. R. Bogdan (ed.) (1991). Mind and Common Sense. Cambridge University Press.score: 30.0
    The contributors to this volume examine current controversies about the importance of common sense psychology for our understanding of the human mind.
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  30. Radu J. Bogdan (1993). Discussion: The Pragmatic Psyche. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 53 (1):157-158.score: 30.0
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  31. Deanne Bogdan (2003). Musical Spirituality: Reflections on Identity and the Ethics of Embodied Aesthetic Experience in/and the Academy. Journal of Aesthetic Education 37 (2):80-98.score: 30.0
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  32. Radu Bogdan (2007). Introduction. Synthese 159 (2):149-150.score: 30.0
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  33. Deanne Bogdan (2002). Situated Sensibilities and the Need for Coherence: Musical Experience Reconsidered. Philosophy of Music Education Review 10 (2):125-128.score: 30.0
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  34. Radu Bogdan, More Theory and Evolution.score: 30.0
    Heyes’s skepticism about theory of mind (ToM) in nonhuman primates exploits the idea of a strong and unified theory of mind in humans based on an unanalyzed category of mental state. It also exploits narrow debates about crucial observations and experiments while neglecting wider evolutionary trends. I argue against both exploitations.
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  35. Deanne Bogdan, Claudia Eppert, Candace Yang & Charlene Morton (2002). Symposium: Art and Aesthetic Education in Times of Terror: Negotiating an Ethics and Aesthetics of Answerability. Philosophy of Music Education Review 10 (2):124-139.score: 30.0
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  36. Radu J. Bogdan (1988). Replies to Commentators. Mind and Language 3 (2):145-151.score: 30.0
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  37. Deanne Bogdan (1990). Toward a Rationale for Literary Literacy. Journal of Philosophy of Education 24 (2):199–212.score: 30.0
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  38. Radu J. Bogdan (2003). Watch Your Metastep: The First-Order Limits of Early Intentional Attributions. In C. Kanzian, J. Quitterer & L. Runggaldier (eds.), Persons: An Interdisciplinary Approach. Holder-Pichler-Tempsky.score: 30.0
    There is a wide and puzzleful gap between the child’s mastery of first- and recursive or higher-order attributions of attitudes, measured not only in years but also in the cognitive resources involved. Some accounts explain the gap in terms of the maturation of the competencies involved, others invoke the slow development of enabling resources, such as short-term memory, the syntax of sentence embedding or sequential reasoning. All these accounts assume a continuity of competence between first- and higher-order attributions. I disagree (...)
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  39. Edmund Arens, David Smith, Kenneth F. Barber, Jorge J. E. Gracia, Margaret Pabst Battin, Ken Binmore, Radu J. Bogdan & Zhang Boshu (1994). Appearance in This List Does Not Preclude a Future Review of the Book. Where They Are Known Prices Are Either in $ US or in£ UK. Abraham, Nicolas and Torok, Maria, The Shell and the Kernel: Renewals of Psychoanal-Ysis Volume 1, Nicholas T. Rand (Ed. And Trans.), Chicago, USA, The University of Chicago Press, 1994, Pp. 267,£ 35.95,£ 13.50. [REVIEW] Mind 103.score: 30.0
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  40. Celeste-Marie Bernier, Radu J. Bogdan, James T. Boulton, T. O. McLoughlin, James Boswell, James Berry, Caroline Lennox, Timothy M. Costelloe & Marica Costigliolo (forthcoming). Arena, Valentina. Libertas and the Practice of Politics in the Late Roman Republic. New York: Cambridge UP, 2013. Ix, 324p., Bibl., Ill., Index, $99. Competing Languages of ''Liberty''and Political Legitimacy in the First Century BC Ball, Philip. Curiosity: How Science Became Interested in Everything. Chicago. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Ideas.score: 30.0
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  41. Guillermina Bogdan (2013). Religion in Republican Rome: rationalization and ritual change. Argos 36 (1):202-205.score: 30.0
    En este artículo, nos preguntamos si es pertinente un análisis del personaje de Medea de Eurípides, y más concretamente, de su filicidio, a la luz de la doctrina aristotélica de la acción. Resulta dudoso, y quizás equívoco, hablar de "responsabilidad" (en sentido aristotélico) en el caso de la heroína, ya que sus motivaciones, como las de todo héroe trágico, tienen un doble signo: enfrentado a una ἀνάγκη superior, también desea lo que está forzado a hacer. Además, Medea no es una (...)
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  42. Henry Alexander, Marvin Berkowitz, Larry Blum, Deanne Bogdan, Brenda Jo Bredemeier, Lyn Mikel Brown, Don Cochrane, Jerrold Coombs, Lorna Crossman & George Dei (1997). JME Referees in 1996. Journal of Moral Education 26 (2):243.score: 30.0
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  43. Robert E. Alhnson, Julia Annas, John P. Anton, Preus Anthony, Nigel Ashford, Stephen Davies, Zev Bechler, Radu J. Bogdan & Stephen E. Braude (1992). Appearance M This List Does Not Preclude a Future Review of the Book. Where They Are Known Prices Are Either Given in $ US or in£ UK. Agazzi, E. And Cordero, A., Philosophy and the Origin and Evolution of the Universe, Dordrecht, Netherlands, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1991, Pp. 466,£ 64.00 Agazzi, Evandro, The Problem of Reductiomsm in Science, Dordrecht, Netherlands, Klu. [REVIEW] Mind 101.score: 30.0
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  44. Deanne Bogdan (2010). Betwixt and Between: Working Through the Aesthetic in Philosophy of Education: George F. Kneller Lecture, Conference of the American Educational Studies Association Savannah, Georgia, October 30, 2008. Educational Studies 46 (3):291-316.score: 30.0
    (2010). Betwixt and Between: Working Through the Aesthetic in Philosophy of Education: George F. Kneller Lecture, Conference of the American Educational Studies Association Savannah, Georgia, October 30, 2008. Educational Studies: Vol. 46, No. 3, pp. 291-316.
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  45. Radu J. Bogdan (2001). More Theory and Evolution, Please! Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (6):1140-1141.score: 30.0
    Heyes's (1998) skepticism about theory of mind (ToM) in nonhuman primates exploits the idea of a strong and unified theory of mind in humans based on an unanalyzed category of mental state. It also exploits narrow debates about crucial observations and experiments while neglecting wider evolutionary trends. I argue against both exploitations.
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  46. Radu J. Bogdan (1995). The Epistemological Illusion. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (2):390.score: 30.0
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  47. Radu J. Bogdan (1993). The Pragmatic Psyche. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 53 (1):157-158.score: 30.0
  48. Dwight Boyd & Deanne Bogdan (1985). Rhetorical Realities: A Response to McAninch's Interpretation of Values and Teaching. Educational Theory 35 (3):327-330.score: 30.0
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  49. Dwight Boyd & Deanne Bogdan (1984). 'Something' Clarified, Nothing of 'Value': A Rhetorical Critique of Values Clarification. Educational Theory 34 (3):287-300.score: 30.0
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  50. Sebastian Halder, Balint Varkuti, Martin Bogdan, Andrea Kübler, Wolfgang Rosenstiel, Ranganatha Sitaram & Niels Birbaumer (2013). Prediction of Brain-Computer Interface Aptitude From Individual Brain Structure. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 30.0
    Objective: Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) provide a non-muscular communication channel for patients with impairments of the motor system. A significant number of BCI users is unable to obtain voluntary control of a BCI-system in proper time. This makes methods that can be used to determine the aptitude of a user necessary. Methods: We hypothesized that integrity and connectivity of involved white matter connections may serve as a predictor of individual BCI-performance. Therefore, we analyzed structural data from anatomical scans and diffusion tensor (...)
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