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Profile: Rafael Ferber (University of Zürich, University of Lucerne)
  1.  22
    Rafael Ferber, Zeno's Metrical Paradox of Extension and Descartes' Mind-Body Problem.
    The article uses Zeno’s metrical paradox of extension, or Zeno’s fundamental paradox, as a thought-model for the mind-body problem. With the help of this model, the distinction contained between mental and physical phenomena can be formulated as sharply as possible. I formulate Zeno’s fundamental paradox and give a sketch of four different solutions to it. Then I construct a mind-body paradox corresponding to the fundamental paradox. Through that, it becomes possible to copy the solutions to the fundamental paradox on the (...)
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  2.  21
    Rafael Ferber & Gregor Damschen, Is the Idea of the Good Beyond Being? Plato's "Epekeina Tês Ousias" Revisited.
    The article tries to prove that the famous formula "epekeina tês ousias" has to be understood in the sense of being beyond being and not only in the sense of being beyond essence. We hereby make three points: first, since pure textual exegesis of 509b8–10 seems to lead to endless controversy, a formal proof for the metaontological interpretation could be helpful to settle the issue; we try to give such a proof. Second, we offer a corollary of the formal proof, (...)
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  3.  20
    Rafael Ferber, Ho de Diôkei Men Hapasa Psychê Kai Toutou Heneka Panta Prattei.
    The article first gives an exegesis of the famous passage in the {\it Republic}, 505d11-506a2. Attention is drawn to the fact that the principle that every soul does everything for the Good {\it } can be translated in two ways: Every soul does everything for the sake of the Good, or goes to all lengths for the sake of the Good. Depending on the different translations, we have a different picture of the platonic Socrates in the Republic, an intellectualistic Socrates (...)
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  4.  13
    Rafael Ferber, Was Ist der Mensch?
    This is an introductory blog to the question "What is a human being?".
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  5.  17
    Rafael Ferber & Gregor Damschen (2015). Is the Idea of the Good Beyond Being? Plato's "Epekeina Tês Ousias" Revisited. In Debra Nails & Harold Tarrant (eds.), Second Sailing: Alternative Perspectives on Plato. Societas Scientiarum Fennica 197-203.
    The article tries to prove that the famous formula "epekeina tês ousias" has to be understood in the sense of being beyond being and not only in the sense of being beyond essence. We make hereby three points: first, since pure textual exegesis of 509b8–10 seems to lead to endless controversy, a formal proof for the metaontological interpretation could be helpful to settle the issue; we try to give such a proof. Second, we offer a corollary of the formal proof, (...)
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  6.  90
    Rafael Ferber (1991). Sokrates: Tugend ist Wissen. Elenchos 12:39-66.
    The article examines the Socratic principle that (1) virtue is knowledge and its corollary that (2) nobody errs voluntarily (nemo sua sponte peccat). It tries to show (I) that both principles are paradoxa, i.e. from a phenomenological point of view, they seem to be false; (II) that nevertheless the platonic Socrates accepts both principles as true; and finally (III) that these principles are analytical truths a priori which can only be understood if a person (soul) finds them in him- or (...)
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  7.  83
    Rafael Ferber (2013). Was jede Seele sucht und worumwillen sie alles tut. Elenchos 34 (1):5-31.
    The article first (i) gives an exegesis of the famous passage in the Republic, 505d11-506a2. Attention is drawn to the fact that the principle that every soul does everything for the Good (panta prattei) can be translated in two ways: Every soul does everything for the sake of the Good, or goes to all lengths for the sake of the Good. Depending on the different translations, we have a different picture of the platonic Socrates in the Republic, an intellectualistic Socrates (...)
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  8.  10
    Rafael Ferber (1981). Notizen zu Platos Höhlengleichnis. Freiburger Zeitschrift für Philosophie Und Theologie 28:393-433.
    The paper puts forward a new interpretation of the image of the Cave, that is the image on human paideia (education) and apaideusia (lack of education). The cause of the apaideusia (R.514a) is identified as a separation from the origin. (1) First, the relation between the Cave, the analogy of the Linie and the Sun is shown not to be a strict parallelism, but a resemblance, which implies sameness and difference between Sun, Line and Cave. (2) Second, the author argues (...)
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  9.  4
    Rafael Ferber, Key Concepts in Philosophy: An Introduction.
    The book is an English translation with revisions and updates of the "Philosophische Grundbegriffe 1" and provides an introduction to six key concepts in philosophy: philosophy, language, knowledge, truth, being and good. At the same time, it aims to initiate its readers into the process of philosophical thinking. The book is addressed to students and laypeople, but also contains new ideas for specialists. It is written in a clear, accessible and engaging style, and its author 'shares, and manages to convey, (...)
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  10.  18
    Rafael Ferber, In Memoriam Martina Stemich.
    This is an obituary notice in memoriam Martina Stemich.
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  11.  28
    Rafael Ferber (2007). Was und wie hat Sokrates gewusst. Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 28 (1):5-39.
    The first part of the paper (p. 10-21) tries to answer the first question of the title and describes a set of seven "knowledge-claims" made by Socrates: 1. There is a distinction between right opinion and knowledge.2. Virtue is knowledge. 3. Nobody does willingly wrong. 4. To do injustice is the greatest evil for the wrongdoer himself. 5. An even greater evil is if the wrongdoer is not punished. 6. The just man is happy; the unjust person is unhappy. 7. (...)
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  12.  17
    Rafael Ferber (2005). Ist die Idee des Guten nicht transzendent oder ist sie es doch? Nochmals Platons ΕΠΕΚΕΙΝΑ ΤΗΣ ΟΥΣΙΑΣ. In Damir Barbaric (ed.), Platon über das Gute und die Gerechtigkeit / Plato on Goodness and Justice / Platone sul Bene e sulla Giustizia. Königshausen & Neumann 149-174.
    Plato scholars such as Matthias Baltes (1940-2003) and Luc Brisson have defended the thesis that Plato‘s Idea of the Good is on the one hand beyond being (epekeina tês ousias) in dignity and power, but is nevertheless not transcendent over being. The article gives first (I.), an introduction into the status questionis. Second (II.), it delivers the most important arguments for the thesis of Baltes and Brisson. Third (III.), it gives two counterarguments against the thesis. Fourth (IV), it deals with (...)
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  13.  13
    Rafael Ferber (2015). Key Concepts in Philosophy: An Introduction. Academia Verlag.
    The book is an english translation with revisions and updates of the "Philosophische Grundbegriffe 1" and provides an introduction to six key concepts in philosophy - philosophy, language, knowledge, truth, being and good. At the same time, it aims to initiate its readers into the process of philosophical thinking. The book is addressed to students and laypeople, but also contains new ideas for specialists. It is written in a clear, accessible and engaging style, and its author 'shares, and manages to (...)
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  14.  3
    Rafael Ferber (1986). Der Ursprung der Wissenschaft bei Anaximander von Milet. Theologie Und Philosophie 61 (4):551-561.
    The paper deals with the beginning and the main properties of the science of nature (he peri physeos historiê). According to Themistius (DK 12 A 7), the founder of this kind of Ionic philosophy is Anaximander of Miletus because he was the first who wrote about nature (especially a cosmography and a cosmogony) and developed three main principles of nature: 1. Nature has a mathematical structure (Arist. De coelo I3 295b10-14.32); 2. nature has a physical structure (DK 12 A 10-11); (...)
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  15.  10
    Rafael Ferber, Review Of: Eugen Fink: Grundfragen der Antiken Philosophie, Würzburg 1985. [REVIEW]
    This is a review of lectures given by Eugen Fink at the University of Freiburg im Breisgau in the winter term of 1947/48, „Fundamental Questions of Ancient Philosophy,“ edited by Franz A. Schwarz.
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  16.  21
    Rafael Ferber (2010). Plato's "Side Suns" : Beauty, Symmetry and Truth. Comments Concerning Semantic Monism and Pluralism of the "Good" in the "Philebus". Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 31 (1):51-76.
    Under semantic monism I understand the thesis “The Good is said in one way” and under semantic pluralism the antithesis “The Good is said in many ways”. Plato’s Socrates seems to defend a “semantic monism”. As only one sun exists, so the “Good” has for Socrates and Plato only one reference. Nevertheless, Socrates defends in the Philebus a semantic pluralism, more exactly trialism, of “beauty, symmetry and truth” . Therefore, metaphorically speaking, there seem to exist not only one sun, (...)
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  17.  6
    Rafael Ferber (2014). Alle Menschen streben von Natur nach Wissen. Studia Philosophica:167-183.
    The article is the revised version of an inaugural lecture given at the University of Lucerne on 8 November 2001. In part (I), I give an interpretation of the first sentence of the Aristotelian Metaphysics: ‘All men desire by nature to know’. In part (II), I show how, for Aristotle, this desire to know constitutes a continuum from knowledge given by sense perception to knowledge of the first principles. In part (III), I compare this Aristotelian conception to Plato’s more ‘existentialist’ (...)
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  18.  7
    Rafael Ferber, Moral Judgments as Descriptions of Institutional Facts.
    This is the abbreviated and slightly revised English version of my paper “Moralische Urteile als Beschreibungen institutioneller Tatsachen. Unterwegs zu einer Theorie moralischer Urteile“, in: Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie 79, 1993, 372-392. It deals with the question of what a moral judgment is. On the one hand, a satisfactory theory of moral judgments must take into account the descriptive character of moral judgments and the realistic language of morals. On the other hand, it must also meet the non-descriptive character (...)
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  19.  12
    Rafael Ferber (2010). "The origins of objectivity in communal discussion" : einige Bemerkungen zu Gadamers und Davidsons Interpretationen des "Philebos". In Christopher Gill & François Renaud (eds.), Hermeneutic Philosophy and Plato: Gadamer's Response to the Philebus. Academia 211-242.
    The first chapter, "Der Hintergrund von Gadamers 'Phänomenologischen Interpretationen' in Sein und Zeit" traces the origins of Gadamer’s interpretation of the Philebus in Sein und Zeit. Especially important is that Dasein is, thanks to speech , already outside of itself in the world. The second chapter "Gadamers Dialektische Ethik" gives a short summary of the main points of Gadamer's interpretation of the Philebus. The third chapter "Davidsons reinterpretation of von Gadamer's Dialektischer Ethik" 222-231), points especially to the fact that Davidson (...)
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  20.  18
    Rafael Ferber (1984). Der Grundgedanke des Tractatus als Metamorphose des obersten Grundsatzes der Kritik der reinen Vernunft. Kant-Studien 75 (1-4):460-468.
    The paper puts forward that the basic principle of Wittgenstein’s Tractatus (4.0312) transforms the supreme principle of all synthetic judgments a priori in Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason (A158/B197) from a level of reason to the level of language. Both philosophers, Kant and Wittgenstein, put forward a transcendental principle and both hold a formal identity true, Kant an identity between the form of experience and the form of the object of experience, Wittgenstein an identity between the form of (...)
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  21.  12
    Rafael Ferber (1988). Das Normative "Ist". Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 42 (3):371 - 396.
    Despite the fact that Aristotle and Frege/Russell differ in how to understand the ambiguity in the meaning of the word “is”, their theories share a common feature: “is” does not have a normative meaning. This paper, however, (I) shows (a) that there is a normative meaning of “is” (and correspondingly a constative meaning of the word “ought”) and (b) that the ambiguity of “is” is itself ambiguous. Furthermore, it proposes (c) a performative criterion for making a distinction between constative and (...)
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  22.  14
    Rafael Ferber (2014). Introduction to "Sophistae". In Fulvia de Luise & Alessandro Stavru (eds.), Socratica III. Academia Verlag 201-203.
    Plato’s “Apology of Socrates” is a masterpiece of the philosophical literature. The question remains as to how much it has been influenced by earlier works, e.g. of Gorgias of Leontinoi and Euripides. Nevertheless, comparative studies on Hippolytus’ defense in Euripides’ tragedy of the same name, on Gorgias’ “Defense of Palamedes” and on Plato’s “Apology” do not exist. The short paper gives an introduction into the status quaestionis.
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  23.  16
    Rafael Ferber (1997). Perché Platone nel Timeo torna a sostenere la dottrina delle idee. Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 18 (1):5-28.
    In the whole Corpus Platonicum, we find in principle only one "direct argument" (Charles Kahn) for the existence of the ideas (Tim.51d3-51e6). The purpose of the article is to analyse this argument and to answer the question of why Plato in the Timaeus again defended the existence of the ideas despite the objections in the Parmenides. He defended it again because the latent presupposition of the apories in the Parmenides, the substantial view of sensibles, is removed through the introduction of (...)
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  24.  1
    Rafael Ferber, Goodness.
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  25.  1
    Matthias Vonarburg & Rafael Ferber (2011). Marion Ledwig, God's Rational Warriors. The Rationality of Faith Considered. Philosophisches Jahrbuch 118 (1):161.
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  26.  2
    Rafael Ferber, On.
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  27. Rafael Ferber (1991). Die Unwissenheit des Philosophen, Oder, Warum Hat Plato Die "Ungeschriebene Lehre" Nicht Geschrieben?
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  28.  20
    Rafael Ferber (1991). II Symposium Platonicum. Grüdung der Internationalen Platon-Gesellschaft. Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 45 (1):138 - 141.
    This is a report on the II Symposium Platonicum, which took place in Perugia, Italy, September 1-6, 1989, and on the founding of the International Plato Society, which took place in Bevagna, Province of Perugia, Umbria, Italy, September 3, 1989.
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  29.  15
    Rafael Ferber (1991). Wittgenstein Und Spengler. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 73 (2):188-207.
    In his Vermischte Bemerkungen 43, Wittgenstein notices that he was also influenced by Oswald Spengler. The paper deals with the question of in which way Spengler influenced Wittgenstein’s late works and if it really was influence or only a coincidence of ideas. It is put forward that Spengler’s rather unknown philosophy of language influenced Wittgenstein’s philosophy of language, especially the concepts of family resemblance, antiessentialism, and language-game (Sprachspiel). A picture of the famous Neapolitan gesture of “negation” which motivated Wittgenstein to (...)
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  30.  3
    Rafael Ferber (2007). What Did Socrates Know and How Did He Know It? In Luc Brisson & Michael Erler (eds.), Gorgias - Menon. Selected Papers from the seventh Symposium Platonicum. Academia Verlag 263-267.
    The article is the shortened english version of the article "Was und wie hat Sokrates gewusst? Elenchos: Rivista di studi sul pensiero antico, 28, 5-39. First: it states a set of seven "knowledge-claims" made by Socrates: 1. There is a distinction between right opinion and knowledge.2. Virtue is knowledge. 3. Nobody does willingly wrong. 4. To do injustice is the greatest evil for the wrongdoer himself. 5. An even greater evil is if the wrongdoer is not punished. 6. The just (...)
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  31.  17
    Rafael Ferber (2003). Nachruf auf Henri Lauener. Kant-Studien 94 (4):403-404.
    This is an obituary notice on Henri Lauener (1933-2002).
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  32. Rafael Ferber (1989). "M. Hossenfelder:" Die Philosophie der Antike 3. Stoa, Epikureismus und Skepsis. [REVIEW] Studia Philosophica 48:200.
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  33. Rafael Ferber (1999). Philosophische Grundbegriffe. Verlag Valdemar Kramer.
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  34.  2
    Rafael Ferber (1994, 8th editio). Philosophische Grundbegriffe Eine Einfürung. C. H. Beck.
    The book (8th edition since 1994) provides an introduction to six key concepts in philosophy - philosophy, language, knowledge, truth, being and good. At the same time, it aims to initiate its readers into the process of philosophical thinking. The book is addressed to students and laypeople, but also contains new ideas for specialists. It is written in a clear, accessible and engaging style, and its author 'shares, and manages to convey, something of Plato's own commitment to philosophy' (Phronesis). An (...)
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  35.  9
    Rafael Ferber (2015). Platos Idee des Guten. Academia Verlag.
    At the centre of the monograph (1984, first edition) lies a detailed interpretation and critique of the idea of the Good in the Republic. The main thesis of the interpretation runs as follows: The idea of the Good functions as a third item between thinking and being. The main purpose of the monograph is to introduce the systematic problem of the third item via the historical problem of the idea of the Good. The second, enlarged edition (1989) gives a new (...)
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  36. Rafael Ferber (2001). "the Occurrence Of An Essence": "dies Aber Istdie Ousia." . Einige Bemerkungen Zur Aristotelischen Metaphysik Z17, 1041b4-9. [REVIEW] Allgemeine Zeitschrift für Philosophie 26 (1):61-76.
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  37. Rafael Ferber & Matthias Vonarburg (2008). Wilhelm Vossenkuhl, Die Möglichkeit des Guten. Ethik im 21. Jahrhundert. Philosophisches Jahrbuch 115 (1):230.
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  38. Rafael Ferber (1998). Zenon von Elea und das Leib-Seele-Problem. Allgemeine Zeitschrift für Philosophie 23 (3):231-246.
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