Search results for 'Rafik Issa Beekun' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Rafik Issa Beekun (1997). Islamic Business Ethics. International Institute of Islamic Thought.score: 870.0
  2. Rafik Issa Beekun (1999). Leadership: An Islamic Perspective. Amana.score: 870.0
  3. I. Beekun Rafik, James Ramda Hamdy, Hassan W. Westerman & R. HassabElnaby (2008). An Exploration of Ethical Decision-Making Processes in the United States and Egypt. Journal of Business Ethics 82 (3).score: 280.0
    In this comparative survey of 191 Egyptian and 92 U.S. executives, we explore the relationship between national culture and ethical decision-making within the context of business. Using Reidenbach and Robin’s (1988) multi-criteria ethics instrument, we examine how differences on two of Hofstede’s national culture dimensions, individualism/collectivism, and power distance, are related to the manner in which business practitioners make ethical decisions. Egypt and the U.S. provide an interesting comparison because of the extreme differences in their economies and related business development. (...)
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  4. Rafik I. Beekun & Jamal A. Badawi (2005). Balancing Ethical Responsibility Among Multiple Organizational Stakeholders: The Islamic Perspective. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 60 (2):131 - 145.score: 240.0
    In spite of a renewed interest in the relationship between spirituality and managerial thinking, the literature covering the link between Islam and management has been sparse – especially in the area of ethics. One potential reason may be the cultural diversity of nearly 1.3 billion Muslims globally. Yet, one common element binding Muslim individuals and countries is normative Islam. Using all four sources of this religion’s teachings, we outline the parameters of an Islamic model of normative business ethics. We explain (...)
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  5. Rafik I. Beekun, Yvonne Stedham, James W. Westerman & Jeanne H. Yamamura (2010). Effects of Justice and Utilitarianism on Ethical Decision Making: A Cross-Cultural Examination of Gender Similarities and Differences. Business Ethics 19 (4):309-325.score: 240.0
    This study investigates the relationship between intention to behave ethically and gender within the context of national culture. Using Reidenbach and Robin's measures of the ethical dimensions of justice and utilitarianism in a sample of business students from three different countries, we found that gender is significantly related to the respondents' intention to behave ethically. Women relied on both justice as well as utilitarianism when making moral decisions. By contrast, men relied only on justice, and did not rely on utilitarianism (...)
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  6. Rafik I. Beekun & James W. Westerman (2012). Spirituality and National Culture as Antecedents to Ethical Decision-Making: A Comparison Between the United States and Norway. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 110 (1):33-44.score: 240.0
    We investigate the cross-cultural relationships between spirituality and ethical decision-making in Norway and the U.S. Data were collected from business students ( n = 149) at state universities in Norway and the U.S. Results indicate that intention to behave ethically was significantly related to spirituality, national culture, and the influence of peers. Americans were significantly less ethical than Norwegians based on the three dimensions of ethics, yet more spiritual overall. Interestingly, the more spiritual were Norwegians, the more ethical was their (...)
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  7. Rafik I. Beekun, Yvonne Stedham & Jeanne H. Yamamura (2003). Business Ethics in Brazil and the U.S.: A Comparative Investigation. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 42 (3):267 - 279.score: 240.0
    In this comparative survey of 126 Brazilian and U.S. business professionals, we explore the effect of national culture on ethical decision-making within the context of business. Using Reidenbach and Robin''s (1988) multi-criteria ethics instrument, we examined how these two countries'' differences on Hofstede''s individualism/collectivism dimension are related to the manner in which business practitioners make ethical decisions. Our results indicate that Brazilians and Americans evaluate the ethical content of actions or decisions differently when applying utilitarian criteria. By contrast, business people (...)
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  8. Rafik I. Beekun, Ramda Hamdy, James W. Westerman & Hassan R. HassabElnaby (2008). An Exploration of Ethical Decision-Making Processes in the United States and Egypt. Journal of Business Ethics 82 (3):587 - 605.score: 240.0
    In this comparative survey of 191 Egyptian and 92 U.S. executives, we explore the relationship between national culture and ethical decision-making within the context of business. Using Reidenbach and Robin’s (1988) multi-criteria ethics instrument, we examine how differences on two of Hofstede’s national culture dimensions, individualism/collectivism, and power distance, are related to the manner in which business practitioners make ethical decisions. Egypt and the U.S. provide an interesting comparison because of the extreme differences in their economies and related business development. (...)
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  9. Rafik I. Beekun, Jim Westerman & Jamal Barghouti (2005). Utility of Ethical Frameworks in Determining Behavioral Intention: A Comparison of the U.S. And Russia. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 61 (3):235 - 247.score: 240.0
    Using Reidenbach and Robin‘s ( Journal of Business Ethics 7, 871–879, 1988) multi-criteria ethics instrument, we carried out the first empirical test of Robertson and Crittenden‘s (Strategic Management Journal 24, 385–392, 2003) cross-cultural map of moral philosophies to examine what ethical criteria guide business people in Russia and the U.S. in their intention to behave. Competing divergence and convergence hypotheses were advanced. Our results support a convergence hypothesis, and reveal a common emphasis on relativism. Americans are also influenced by the (...)
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  10. Yvonne Stedham, Jeanne H. Yamamura & Rafik I. Beekun (2007). Gender Differences in Business Ethics: Justice and Relativist Perspectives. Business Ethics 16 (2):163–174.score: 240.0
  11. James W. Westerman, Rafik I. Beekun, Yvonne Stedham & Jeanne Yamamura (2007). Peers Versus National Culture: An Analysis of Antecedents to Ethical Decision-Making. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 75 (3):239 - 252.score: 240.0
    Given the recent ethics scandals in the United States, there has been a renewed focus on understanding the antecedents to ethical decision-making in the research literature. Since ethical norms and standards of behavior are not universally consistent, an individual’s choice of referent may exert a large influence on his/her ethical decision-making. This study used a social identity theory lens to empirically examine the relative influence of the macro- and micro-level variables of national culture and peers on an individual’s intention to (...)
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  12. Yvonne Stedham & Rafik I. Beekun (2013). Ethical Judgment in Business: Culture and Differential Perceptions of Justice Among Italians and Germans. Business Ethics 22 (2):189-201.score: 240.0
    This study focuses on the cultural context of ethical decision making by considering the relationship between power distance and ethical judgment. Specifically, we propose that this relationship exists because of the influence of peers on ethical judgment and perceptions of justice. Considering the importance of peers in stage three of Kohlberg's model of moral development, we argue that peers are the basis for social comparisons, social cues and social identification and, hence, are critical to an individual's beliefs about justice. Using (...)
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  13. Theodora Issa & David Pick (2010). Ethical Mindsets: An Australian Study. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 96 (4):613 - 629.score: 30.0
    The aim of this article is to define and delineate an ethical mindset. In deploying an interpretive mixed-methods analysis of the Australian services sector, data were collected through an online survey on 223 respondents followed by focus group interviews involving 20 participants. The analysis reveals evidence of ethical mindsets in Australian business context, the components of which are identified as being aesthetic judgment, spirituality, optimism, harmony and balance, contentment, truth telling, individual responsibility and professionalism. While the findings are limited to (...)
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  14. Theodora Issa & David Pick (2011). An Interpretive Mixed-Methods Analysis of Ethics, Spirituality and Aesthetics in the Australian Services Sector. Business Ethics 20 (1):45-58.score: 30.0
    The aim of this article is to examine the usefulness of spirituality and aesthetics for generating new perspectives and understandings with regard to business ethics. Using an interpretive mixed-methods approach, data were collected through an online survey of 223 respondents and focus group interviews with 20 participants. Analysis of the quantitative and qualitative data suggests that the presence of aesthetic spirituality and religious spirituality, along with the factors of optimism, contentment, making a difference and interconnectedness, are significantly associated with ethical (...)
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  15. Gary Bente, Haug Leuschner, Ahmad Al Issa & James J. Blascovich (2010). The Others: Universals and Cultural Specificities in the Perception of Status and Dominance From Nonverbal Behavior☆. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (3):762-777.score: 30.0
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  16. T. Issa & D. Pick (2010). Ethical Mindsets, Spirituality and Aesthetics in an Australian Business Context. Journal of Human Values 16 (1):37-47.score: 30.0
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  17. Saibou Issa (2006). La prise d'otages aux confins du Cameroun, de la Centrafrique et du Tchad: une nouvelle modalité du banditisme transfrontalier'. Polis 13 (1-2):119-46.score: 30.0
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  18. Jess Bonnan-White, Andrea Hightower & Ameena Issa (2013). Of Couscous and Occupation: A Case Study of Women's Motivations to Join and Participate in Palestinian Fair Trade Cooperatives. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 30 (3):337-350.score: 30.0
    Economic opportunities and the status of women are mediated by socio-political structural factors, as well as cultural-specific norms and patterns of behavior. As consumers (and, in many cases, regulators) of resources at the household level, women are integral to the analysis of economic and political development. This paper examines the role of motivation and perception on women’s participation in Palestinian Fair Trade projects. In the occupied Palestinian Territories, Fair Trade projects have been recently introduced by both international agencies and local (...)
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  19. Amalia M. Issa (2001). Clinical and Moral Challenges of Pharmacogenomics. The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 1 (4):541-553.score: 30.0
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  20. Jorge Issa (2007). La filosofía y el rencuentro con la vida humana. Ludus Vitalis 15 (27):213-216.score: 30.0
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  21. Paul Carus (1894). The Life of Issa. The Monist 5 (1):116-119.score: 15.0
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  22. Michael J. Shaffer (2007). Proceedings of the 6th ISSA Conference on Argumentation.score: 15.0
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  23. Rafik Z. Elias (2009). The Impact of Anti-Intellectualism Attitudes and Academic Self-Efficacy on Business Students' Perceptions of Cheating. Journal of Business Ethics 86 (2):199 - 209.score: 3.0
    College cheating represents a major ethical problem facing students and educators, especially in colleges of business. The current study surveys 666 business students in three universities to examine potential determinants of cheating perceptions. Anti-intellectualism refers to a student’s negative view of the value and importance of intellectual pursuits and critical thinking. Academic self-efficacy refers to a student’s belief in one’s ability to accomplish an academic task. As hypothesized, students high in anti-intellectualism attitudes and those with low academic self-efficacy were least (...)
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  24. Rafik Z. Elias (2002). Determinants of Earnings Management Ethics Among Accountants. Journal of Business Ethics 40 (1):33 - 45.score: 3.0
    Earnings management behavior is a concern of standard-setters, regulators and the accounting profession. This study examines the ethics of this practice using a national sample of 763 accounting practitioners, faculty and students. Possible determinants of the ethics of this practice such as perceived role of ethics and social responsibility, and personal moral philosophies (i.e. idealism and relativism) are explored. Results indicate a positive relationship between social responsibility, focus on long-term gains, idealism, and the ethical perception of earnings management and negative (...)
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  25. Rafik Z. Elias (2006). The Impact of Professional Commitment and Anticipatory Socialization on Accounting Students' Ethical Orientation. Journal of Business Ethics 68 (1):83 - 90.score: 3.0
    The accounting profession has emphasized the need for ethics education in the accounting curriculum. The current study examines professional commitment and anticipatory socialization, operationalized by perception of financial reporting, as possible determinants of Accounting students' ethical perceptions and intentions. Accounting students with higher levels of professional commitment and higher perception of the importance of financial reporting were more likely to perceive questionable actions as unethical and less likely to engage in such actions compared to those students with lower commitment and (...)
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  26. Rafik Z. Elias (2004). An Examination of Business Students' Perception of Corporate Social Responsibilities Before and After Bankruptcies. Journal of Business Ethics 52 (3):267-281.score: 3.0
    Significant research has found that corporations have a social responsibility beyond maximizing shareholders' value. This study examines the effect of high-profile corporate bankruptcies on perception of corporate social responsibility. Undergraduate and graduate business students rated the importance of corporate social responsibility on profitability, long-term success and short-term success, before and after high-profile bankruptcies. The results indicated that students in general perceived corporate social responsibility to be more important to profitability and long-term success of the firm and less important to short-term (...)
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  27. Marcelo Dascal, Towards a Dialectic of Tolerance.score: 3.0
    I was in Bucharest for a few days, not long before the fall of Ceaucescu’s regime. The fear, both of the authorities and of the people, which reigned in the city was vividly felt everywhere. To be sure, the communist regime was based on a doctrine that called itself ‘dialectic’. Unfortunately, it was a ‘dialectic’ that had nothing to do with dialogue, with listening to the other, respecting the other, and learning from the other. It assumed that ‘truth’ and ‘justice’ (...)
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  28. Maurice A. Finocchiaro (2013). Debts, Oligarchies, and Holisms: Deconstructing the Fallacy of Composition. Informal Logic 33 (2):143-174.score: 3.0
    This is a critical appreciation of Govier’s 2006 ISSA keynote address on the fallacy of composition, and of economists’ writings on this fallacy in economics. I argue that the “fallacy of composition” is a problematical concept, because it does not denote a distinctive kind of argument but rather a plurality, and does not constitute a distinctive kind of error, but rather reduces to oversimplification in arguing from micro to macro. Finally, I propose further testing of this claim based on (...)
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  29. Noam Chomsky, Season of Travesties: Freedom and Democracy in Mid-2009.score: 3.0
    The election in Lebanon was greeted with euphoria. New York Times columnist Thomas Friedman gushed that he is "a sucker for free and fair elections," so "it warms my heart to watch" what happened in Lebanon in an election that "was indeed free and fair Ñ not like the pretend election you are about to see in Iran, where only candidates approved by the Supreme Leader can run. No, in Lebanon it was the real deal, and the results were (...)
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  30. Ronen Avraham & Issa Kohler-Hausmann (2006). Accident Law for Egalitarians. Legal Theory 12 (3):181-224.score: 3.0
    This paper questions the fairness of our current tort-law regime and the philosophical underpinnings advanced in its defense, a theory known as corrective justice. Fairness requires that the moral equality and responsibility of persons be respected in social interactions and institutions. The concept of luck has been used by many egalitarians as a way of giving content to fairness by differentiating between those benefits and burdens that result from informed choice and those that result from fate or fortune. We argue (...)
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  31. Maurice A. Finocchiaro (2007). Arguments, Meta-Arguments, and Metadialogues: A Reconstruction of Krabbe, Govier, and Woods. [REVIEW] Argumentation 21 (3):253-268.score: 3.0
    Krabbe (2003, in F.H. van Eemeren, J.A. Blair, C.A. Willard and A.F. Snoeck Henkemans (eds.), Proceedings of the Fifth Conference of the International Society for the Study of Argumentation, Sic Sat, Amsterdam, pp. 641–644) defined a metadialogue as a dialogue about one or more dialogues, and a ground-level dialogue as a dialogue that is not a metadialogue. Similarly, I define a meta-argument as an argument about one or more arguments, and a ground-level argument as one which is not a meta-argument. (...)
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  32. Txetxu Ausín & Lorenzo Peña, Arguing From Facts to Duties (and Conversely).score: 3.0
    7 pages.-- Delivered to: 5th International Conference on Argumentation, The International Society for the Study of Argumentation (ISSA), University of Amsterdam, 25-28 June 2002.
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  33. Jorge Issa González (2008). Reseña de "Lo contrario de la infelicidad. Promesas estéticas y mutaciones políticas en el arte actual" de José Fernández Vega. Signos Filosóficos 10 (20):157-160.score: 3.0
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  34. Michael J. Shaffer (2007). The Ad Verecundiam Fallacy and Appeals to Expert Testimony. In Proceedings of the 6th ISSA Conference on Argumentation.score: 3.0
    In this paper I argue that Tyler Burge's non-reductive view of testiomonial knowledge cannot adeqautrely discriminate between fallacious ad vericumdium appeals to expet testimony and legitimate appeals to authority.
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