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Profile: Raimo Tuomela (University of Helsinki)
  1. Raimo Tuomela, Acting As a Group Member.
    Much of human life consists of acting in a group context. We are members of several social groups – small social groups, organizations, nations, states, etc. As to groups, some of them are capable of action, e.g. teams and task groups, organizations, and states. Such group action is action as a group (in contrast to the group members just acting separately and as private persons toward a shared goal, for instance). Groups can only act through their members’ actions. To give (...)
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  2. Raimo Tuomela, Collective Acceptance, Social Institutions, and Social Reality.
    The paper presents an account of social institutions on the basis of collective acceptance. Basically, collective acceptance by some members of a group involves the members’ collectively coming to hold and holding a relevant social attitude (a “we-attitude”), viz. either one in the intention family of concepts or one in the belief family. In standard cases the collective acceptance must be in the “we-mode”, viz. performed as a group member, and involve that it be meant for the group. The participants (...)
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  3. Raimo Tuomela, In Search for the Common Mind.
    The philosophy of social science can still be regarded as a much less densely populated part of philosophy than most other fields in it. However, there are neighbours in which research is booming. Thus the philosophy of cognitive science (and philosophy of psychology, to use an older title) is very popular today and so is moral philosophy. Philip Pettit's new book (1993) is mainly on the philosophical problems of social science, but a substantial part of it is also devoted to (...)
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  4. Raimo Tuomela (2013). Social Ontology: Collective Intentionality and Group Agents. Oup Usa.
    This volume presents a systematic philosophical theory related to the collectivism-versus-individualism debate in the social sciences. A weak version of collectivism (the "we-mode" approach) that depends on group-based collective intentionality is developed in the book. The we-mode approach is used to account for collective intention and action, cooperation, group attitudes, social practices and institutions as well as group solidarity.
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  5. Raimo Tuomela (2013). Who Is Afraid of Group Agents and Group Minds?. In. In Michael Schmitz, Beatrice Kobow & Hans Bernhard Schmid (eds.), The Background of Social Reality. Springer. 13--35.
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  6. Raimo Tuomela (2012). Group Reasons. Philosophical Issues 22 (1):402-418.
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  7. Raimo Tuomela (2011). An Account of Group Knowledge. In Hans Bernhard Schmid, Daniel Sirtes & Marcel Weber (eds.), Collective Epistemology. Ontos. 20--75.
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  8. Raimo Tuomela (2011). Holistic Social Causation and Explanation. In. In Dennis Dieks, Wenceslao Gonzalo, Thomas Uebel, Stephan Hartmann & Marcel Weber (eds.), Explanation, Prediction, and Confirmation. Springer. 305--318.
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  9. Raul Hakli, Kaarlo Miller & Raimo Tuomela (2010). Two Kinds of We-Reasoning. Economics and Philosophy 26 (03):291-320.
    Page 1. Economics and Philosophy, 26 (2010) 291--320 Copyright C Cambridge University Press doi: 10.1017 / S0266267110000386 TWO KINDS OF WE-REASONING RAUL HAKLI, KAARLO MILLER AND RAIMO TUOMELA University of Helsinki ..
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  10. Raimo Tuomela (2010). The Philosophy of Sociality: The Shared Point of View. OUP USA.
    The Philosophy of Sociality examines the nature of sociality in its various forms, with special emphasis on collective intentionality. Raimo Tuomela begins with a distinction between the "we-perspective" and the "I-perspective." His study of strong collective intentionality -- as expressed by joint intentions, collective commitment, group belief, authority-based group action, and other phenomena -- outlines the circumstances under which an individual is required to think and act as a group member. By developing a systematic theory of sociality, Tuomela investigates such (...)
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  11. Raimo Tuomela (2009). Beyond Individual Choice: Teams and Frames in Game Theory , Michael Bacharach; Edited and with an Introduction and a Conclusion by Natalie Gold and Robert Sugden. Princeton University Press, Princeton, 2006, XXIII + 214 Pp. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 25 (1):125-133.
  12. Raimo Tuomela (2009). Collective Intentions and Game Theory. Journal of Philosophy 106 (5):292-300.
  13. Larry May & Raimo Tuomela (2007). Introduction. Journal of Social Philosophy 38 (3):365–368.
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  14. Raimo Tuomela (2007). Cooperation and the We-Perspective. In Fabienne Peter & Hans Bernhard Schmid (eds.), Rationality and Commitment. Oup Oxford.
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  15. Raimo Tuomela (2007). The We-Perspective. In Fabienne Peter (ed.), Rationality and Commitment. Oxford University Press, Usa. 227.
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  16. Raimo Tuomela (2006). Russell Hardin, Indeterminacy and Society (Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2003), Pp. Xi + 166. Utilitas 18 (04):447-.
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  17. Raimo Tuomela (2006). Joint Intention, We-Mode and I-Mode. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 30 (1):35–58.
    The central topic of this paper is to study joint intention to perform a joint action or to bring about a certain state. Here are some examples of such joint action: You and I share the plan to carry a heavy table jointly upstairs and realize this plan, we sing a duet together, we clean up our backyard together, and I cash a check by acting jointly with you, a bank teller, and finally we together elect a new president for (...)
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  18. Raimo Tuomela (2006). On Acting for a Reason. Acta Philosophica Fennica 78:187.
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  19. Raimo Tuomela (2005). Christopher McMahon, Collective Rationality and Collective Reasoning:Collective Rationality and Collective Reasoning. Ethics 116 (1):242-246.
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  20. Raimo Tuomela (2005). Cooperation and Trust in Group Context. Mind and Society 4 (1):49-84.
    This paper is mainly about cooperation as a collective action in a group context (acting in a position or participating in the performance of a group task, etc.), although the assumption of the presence of a group context is not made in all parts of the paper. The paper clarifies what acting as a group member involves, and it analytically characterizes the ‘‘we-mode’’ (thinking and acting as a group member) and the ‘‘I-mode’’ (thinking and acting as a private person).
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  21. Raimo Tuomela (2005). We-Intentions Revisited. Philosophical Studies 125 (3):327 - 369.
    This paper gives an up-to-date account of we-intentions and responds to some critics of the author’s earlier work on the topic in question. While the main lines of the new account are basically the same as before, the present account considerably adds to the earlier work. For one thing, it shows how we-intentions and joint intentions can arise in terms of the so-called Bulletin Board View of joint intention acquisition, which relies heavily on some underlying mutually accepted conceptual and situational (...)
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  22. Raimo Tuomela (2004). Group Knowledge Analyzed. Episteme 1 (2):109-127.
    The main task of the present paper is to investigate the nature of collective knowledge and discuss what kind of justificatory aspects are involved in it to discuss it from collective belief. The central kind of collective knowledge investigated is normatively binding knowledge attributed to a social group. A distinction is made between natural knowledge and constitutive knowledge related to social (especially institutional) matters. In the case of the latter kind of knowledge, in contrast to the former kind, justification and (...)
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  23. Raimo Tuomela (2003). Dynamics in Action, Intentional Behavior as a Complex System. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 66 (2):494-498.
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  24. Raimo Tuomela (2003). The We-Mode and the I-Mode. In F. Schmitt (ed.), Socializing Metaphysics : The Nature of Social Reality. Rowman & Littlefield, 65-91. 93--127.
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  25. Raimo Tuomela (2002). Collective Goals and Communicative Action. Journal of Philosophical Research 27:29-64.
    This paper gives an account of communicative action from the point of view of communication as a cooperative enterprise. It is argued that this is communication both on the basis of shared collective goals and without them. It is also argued that people can communicate without specifically formed illocutionary communicative intentions. The paper concludes by comparing the account given in the paper with Habermas’s theory of communicative action.
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  26. Raimo Tuomela (2002). Review of John Searle, Rationality in Action. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2002 (1).
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  27. Raimo Tuomela (2002). Review of Keith Graham, Practical Reasoning in a Social World. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2002 (9).
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  28. Raimo Tuomela (2002). Responses to Critics. In Georg Meggle (ed.), Social Facts & Collective Intentionality. Dr. Hänsel-Hohenhausen Ag. 1--419.
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  29. Raimo Tuomela & Wolfgang Balzer (2002). 13 Collective Acceptance and Collective Attitudes: On the Social. In Uskali Mäki (ed.), Fact and Fiction in Economics: Models, Realism and Social Construction. Cambridge University Press. 269.
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  30. Raimo Tuomela (2001). Collective Acceptance and Social Reality. The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 11:161-171.
    Many social properties and notions are collectively made. Two collectively created aspects of the social world have been emphasized in recent literature. The first is that of the performative character of many social things (entities, properties). The second is the reflexive nature of many social concepts. The present account adds to this list a third feature, the collective availability or “for-groupness” of collective social items. It is a precise account of social notions and social facts in terms of collective appearance. (...)
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  31. Raimo Tuomela, Collective Intentionality and Social Agents.
    In this paper I will discuss a certain philosophical and conceptual program -- that I have called philosophy of social action writ large -- and also show in detail how parts of the program have been, and is currently being carried out. In current philosophical research the philosophy of social action can be understood in a broad sense to encompass such central research topics as action occurring in a social context (this includes multi-agent action); shared we-attitudes (such as we-intention, mutual (...)
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  32. Raimo Tuomela (2000). Collective and Joint Intention. Mind and Society 1 (2):39-69.
    The paper discussed and analyzes collective and joint intentions of various strength. Thus there are subjectively shared collective intentions and intersubjectively shared collective intentions as well as collective intentions which are objectively and intersubjectively shared. The distinction between collective and private intentions is considered from several points of view. Especially, it is emphasized that collective intentions in the full sense are in the “we-mode”, whereas private intentions are in the “I-mode”. The paper also surveys recent discussion in the literature concerning (...)
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  33. Raimo Tuomela (2000). Belief Versus Acceptance. Philosophical Explorations 3 (2):122 – 137.
    In this paper the problem of the relation between belief and acceptance is discussed in view of recent literature on the topic. Belief and acceptance are characterized in terms of a number of properties, which show both the similarities and the dissimilarities between these notions. In particular it is claimed - contrary to some recently expressed views - that acceptance need not be intentional action and that the differences between belief and acceptance do not boil down to the simple view (...)
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  34. Wolfgang Balzer & Raimo Tuomela (1999). Eine Theorie des Gemeinschaftlichen. Facta Philosophica 1:55-76.
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  35. Raimo Tuomela (1999). Philosophical Foundations of the Social Sciences. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 59 (4):1086-1090.
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  36. Raimo Tuomela (1998). A Defense of Mental Causation. Philosophical Studies 90 (1):1-34.
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  37. Raimo Tuomela & Wolfgang Balzer (1998). Collective Acceptance and Collective Social Notions. Synthese 117 (2):175-205.
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  38. Ghitta Holstrom-Hintikka & Raimo Tuomela (eds.) (1997). Contemporary Action Theory, Volume 1. Kluwer.
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  39. Raimo Tuomela (1997). David Braybrooke, Ed., Social Rules: Origin; Character; Logic; Change Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 17 (1):3-5.
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  40. Raimo Tuomela (1997). Kommunikatives Handeln Und Kooperative Ziele. Analyse Und Kritik 19 (2).
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  41. Raimo Tuomela (1997). Socializing Epistemology. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (3):725-729.
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  42. Raimo Tuomela (1997). Searle on Social Institutions. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (2):435 - 441.
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  43. Raimo Tuomela (1996). Philosophy and Distributed Artificial Intelligence: The Case of Joint Intention. In N. Jennings & G. O'Hare (eds.), Foundations of Distributed Artificial Intelligence. Wiley.
    In current philosophical research the term 'philosophy of social action' can be used - and has been used - in a broad sense to encompass the following central research topics: 1) action occurring in a social context; this includes multi-agent action; 2) joint attitudes (or "we-attitudes" such as joint intention, mutual belief) and other social attitudes needed for the explication and explanation of social action; 3) social macro-notions, such as actions performed by social groups and properties of social groups such (...)
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  44. Gabriel Sandu & Raimo Tuomela (1995). Joint Action and Group Action Made Precise. Synthese 105 (3):319 - 345.
    The paper argues that there are two main kinds of joint action, direct joint bringing about (or performing) something (expressed in terms of a DO-operator) and jointly seeing to it that something is the case (expressed in terms of a Stit-operator). The former kind of joint action contains conjunctive, disjunctive and sequential action and its central subkinds. While joint seeing to it that something is the case is argued to be necessarily intentional, direct joint performance can also be nonintentional. Actions (...)
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  45. Raimo Tuomela (1995). The Importance of Us: A Philosophical Study of Basic Social Notions. Stanford University Press.
    This book develops a systematic philosophical theory of social action and group phenomena, in the process presenting detailed analyses of such central social notions as 'we-attitude' (especially 'we-intention' and mutual belief, social norm, joint action, and - most important - group goal, group belief, and group action). Though this is a philosophical work, it presents a unified conceptual framework that may be useful to social scientists, especially social psychologists, as well as philosophers. The book puts forward and defends a number (...)
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  46. Paul K. Moser, Attracta Ingram, Raimo Tuomela, Philip Pettit & Crispin Wright (1994). Critical Notices. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 2 (2):287 – 341.
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  47. Raimo Tuomela (1994). Folk Psychology. In Antti Revonsuo & Matti Kamppinen (eds.), Consciousness in Philosophy and Cognitive Neuroscience. Lawrence Erlbaum. 227.
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  48. Raimo Tuomela (1994). The Fate of Folk Psychology'. In Antti Revonsuo & Matti Kamppinen (eds.), Consciousness in Philosophy and Cognitive Neuroscience. Lawrence Erlbaum. 227--248.
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  49. Raimo Tuomela (1993). Corporate Intention and Corporate Action. Analyse Und Kritik 15 (1):11-21.
  50. Raimo Tuomela (1993). What is Cooperation? Erkenntnis 38 (1):87 - 101.
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