13 found
Sort by:
  1. Ralf-Peter Behrendt (2008). Mapping Autism and Schizophrenia Onto the Ontogenesis of Social Behaviour: A Hierarchical-Developmental Rather Than Diametrical Perspective. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (3):262-263.
    Co-morbidity of schizophrenia and autism is low because interpersonal concerns of schizophrenic patients presuppose developmental achievements that are absent in autism. Autism may arise if primary anxiety is not overcome at a key developmental stage by affective synchronisation between infant and caregiver. Schizophrenic patients will have learned to regulate primitive anxiety by affectively attuning to narrow social networks but remain highly vulnerable to exclusion from larger groups.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Ralf-Peter Behrendt (2008). The Relationship Between Conscious Phenomena and Physical Reality in Behaviour Control: The Need for Simplicity Through Phenomenological Clarity. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (1):22-23.
    How can be interchangeable with mirroring, which is an automatic response that, from a first-person perspective, enters awareness only after the act? The correspondence between perception of another's action and execution of one's similar action may be an example of a general perception-motor interface that maps perception onto behaviour or disposition towards action, without the need for simulation.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Ralf-Peter Behrendt (2007). The Hypthalamo-Tectoperiaqueductal System: Unconscious Underpinnings of Conscious Behaviour. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):85-86.
    The insight that, in terms of behaviour control, the mesodiencephalic system is superordinate to the cortex should have profound implications for behavioural sciences. Nevertheless, the thalamocortical system could still be deemed an “organ of consciousness” if we came to accept that consciousness is not central to purposeful behaviour, in accordance with instinct theory. Philosophically, Merker's concepts of basic consciousness and ego-centre warrant critical discussion. (Published Online May 1 2007).
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Ralf-Peter Behrendt (2006). Cruelty as by-Product of Ritualisation of Intraspecific Aggression in Cultural Evolution. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (3):226-227.
    There are few commonalities between intraspecific aggression and predation and few convincing arguments for the conceptualisation of blood and pain as rewards for predation. Not cruelty, but ritualised intraspecific aggression is the predominant mechanism of accretion of social power and this, not cruelty, is what bestows reproductive advantages. Enjoyment of media cruelty is not reinforced by “emotional circuits” adapted to predation, but represents transient relief from culturally determined inhibition of aggression.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Ralf-Peter Behrendt (2006). Compulsions and Cultural Rituals: The Need for a Drive-Motivational Framework. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (6):614-615.
    Instinct theory parsimoniously clarifies the relationships between emotions, such as fear and anxiety, and perceptions, thoughts, and actions. Its acceptance allows more elegant insights into riddles of obsessions and compulsions. Their relationship to anxiety and dysexecutive function needs to be explained, as does their characteristic egodystonia, while avoiding the pitfalls of cognitivist, empiricist, and teleological thinking. (Published Online February 8 2007).
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Ralf-Peter Behrendt (2006). The Desire to Obtain Money: A Culturally Ritualised Expression of the Aggressive Instinct. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (2):178-179.
    Social behaviour is but an expression of instinctive mechanisms whereby the aggressive instinct is of particular importance, having given rise to most of the complexity of social behaviour through processes of phylogenetic and cultural ritualisation. The role of the aggressive instinct is to dynamically maintain the ranking order in a group, and much of social interaction is concerned with this, including monetary exchange. What is certain, is that with the elimination of aggression, … the tackling of a task or problem, (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Ralf-Peter Behrendt (2006). The Social Environment Compresses the Diversity of Genetic Aberrations Into the Uniformity of Schizophrenia Manifestations. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4):406-408.
    Genetically and neurodevelopmentally, there may be a thousand schizophrenias, yet there would be no schizophrenia at all without active contribution from all of us; none – outside the primitive processes that regulate our relationship with one another. In order to understand the nature of schizophrenia as it unfolds relatively uniformly in the social context, we need to depart from an evolutionarily more feasible understanding of society. (Published Online November 9 2006).
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Ralf-Peter Behrendt (2005). Affiliative Drive: Could This Be Disturbed in Childhood Autism? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (3):350-351.
    Affect mirroring allows infants to distinguish emotional and intentional states of significant others, which – in the pursuit of their own drive satisfaction, including satisfaction of the affiliative drive – become important contextual stimuli predictive of reward. Learning to perceive and manipulate others' attitudes toward oneself in pursuit of affiliative reward may be an important step in social development that is impaired in autism.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. Ralf-Peter Behrendt (2005). Attentional Deficit Versus Impaired Reality Testing: What is the Role of Executive Dysfunction in Complex Visual Hallucinations? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):758-759.
    A “multifactorial” model should accommodate a psychological perspective, aiming to relate the phenomenology of complex visual hallucinations not only to neurobiological findings but also an understanding of the patient's psychological problems and situation in life. Greater attention needs to be paid to the role of the “lack of insight” patients may have into their hallucinations and its relationship to cognitive impairment.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Ralf-Peter Behrendt (2004). A Neuroanatomical Model of Passivity Phenomena. Consciousness and Cognition 13 (3):579-609.
  11. Ralf-Peter Behrendt & Claire Young (2004). Hallucinations in Schizophrenia, Sensory Impairment, and Brain Disease: A Unifying Model. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (6):771-787.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Ralf-Peter Behrendt & Claire Young (2004). Psychopathology of Psychosis: Towards Integration From an Idealist Perspective. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (6):808-830.
    The commentators provide a wealth of additional neurobiological data that ought to be integrated in a comprehensive model. This response article, however, focuses on clarification of conceptual queries, thereby outlining the proposed theory of hallucinations more sharply, discussing its relationship with schizophrenia, and explaining why underconstrained thalamocortical activation may well be a candidate mechanism responsible for acute schizophrenic symptoms other than hallucinations.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. David DuBois, Alarik Arenander, Talis Bachmann, Carrie Ballantyne, V. Barbieri, Cristina Becchio, Ralf-Peter Behrendt, Annabelle Belcher, Cesare Bertone & Derek Besner (2004). Devriese, Stephan, 439 Dietrich, Arne, 746 Doan, Tieu, 501 Dryden, Donald, 254. Consciousness and Cognition 13:860-861.
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation