Search results for 'Ranald MacDonald' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  21
    Peter Ashworth, Ranald MacDonald & Madeleine Freewood (2003). The Student Lifeworld and the Meanings of Plagiarism. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 34 (2):257-278.
    As plagiarism is a notion specific to a particular culture and epoch, and is also understood in a variety of ways by individuals, particular attention must be paid to the putting of the phenomenological question, What is plagiarism in its appearing? Resolution of this issue leads us to locate students' perceptions and opinions within the lifeworld, and to seek an initially idiographic set of descriptions. Of twelve interview analyses, three are presented. A student who took an especially anxious line, his (...)
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  2.  3
    Ranald R. Macdonald (1997). Base Rates and Randomness. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):778-778.
    In base rate problems the estimated probability must equal the base rate only where random sampling is assumed. Otherwise there is uncertainty over and above that which can be included in any probability model and inductive inference is involved. Subjects should use base rates to the extent that the problem suggests a simple random sampling model.
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  3.  4
    Ranald R. Macdonald (2000). The Limits of Probability Modelling: A Serendipitous Tale of Goldfish, Transfinite Numbers, and Pieces of String. [REVIEW] Mind and Society 1 (2):17-38.
    This paper is about the differences between probabilities and beliefs and why reasoning should not always conform to probability laws. Probability is defined in terms of urn models from which probability laws can be derived. This means that probabilities are expressed in rational numbers, they suppose the existence of veridical representations and, when viewed as parts of a probability model, they are determined by a restricted set of variables. Moreover, probabilities are subjective, in that they apply to classes of events (...)
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  4.  13
    Gregory Macdonald (1975). Gregory Macdonald's Reply to Dudley Barker. The Chesterton Review 2 (1):103-106.
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  5.  11
    George MacDonald (2009). George MacDonald. The Chesterton Review 35 (1-2):288-289.
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  6.  10
    Gregory Macdonald (1975). Gregory Macdonald's Reply to Maurice Reckitt. The Chesterton Review 2 (1):120-124.
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  7.  8
    George MacDonald & C. S. Lewis (2006). The Aphorisms of George MacDonald. The Chesterton Review 32 (1/2):187-189.
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  8. George MacDonald & C. S. Lewis (2008). George MacDonald. The Chesterton Review 34 (1):355-358.
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  9. Jean Jacques Rousseau & Frederika Macdonald (1908). The Humane Philosophy of Jean Jacques Rousseau, Maxims and Principles Selected and Cl Assified by F. Macdonald.
     
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  10. C. Macdonald, Barry C. Smith & C. J. G. Wright (1998). Knowing Our Own Minds: Essays in Self-Knowledge. Oxford University Press.
    Self-knowledge is the focus of considerable attention from philosophers: Knowing Our Own Minds gives a much-needed overview of current work on the subject, bringing together new essays by leading figures. Knowledge of one's own sensations, desires, intentions, thoughts, beliefs, and other attitudes is characteristically different from other kinds of knowledge: it has greater immediacy, authority, and salience. The contributors examine philosophical questions raised by the distinctive character of self-knowledge, relating it to knowledge of other minds, to rationality and agency, externalist (...)
     
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  11.  55
    C. J. G. Wright, Barry C. Smith & Cynthia Macdonald (eds.) (1998). Knowing Our Own Minds. Oxford University Press.
  12.  9
    Terry Macdonald (2008). Global Stakeholder Democracy: Power and Representation Beyond Liberal States. OUP Oxford.
    In this book Macdonald elaborates a democratic framework based on the new theoretical concepts of 'public power', 'stakeholder communities' and 'non-electoral representation', and illustrates the practical implications of these proposals for projects of global institutional reform.
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  13. Douglas A. MacDonald (2009). Identity and Spirituality: Conventional and Transpersonal Perspectives. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies 28 (1):86-106.
    Though the relation of spirituality to self has long been recognized in established spiritual and religious systems, serious scientific interest in spirituality and its relation to identity has only started to grow in the past 20 years. This paper overviews the literature on spirituality and identity. Particular attention is given to describing and critiquing conventional and transpersonal perspectives with emphasis given to empirically testable theories. Using MacDonald’s five dimensional model of spirituality, a structural model of spirituality is proposed as (...)
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  14. A. J. Ayer & Graham MacDonald (2005). Probability and Evidence. Cup.
    A. J. Ayer was one of the foremost analytical philosophers of the twentieth century, and was known as a brilliant and engaging speaker. In essays based on his influential Dewey Lectures, Ayer addresses some of the most critical and controversial questions in epistemology and the philosophy of science, examining the nature of inductive reasoning and grappling with the issues that most concerned him as a philosopher. This edition contains revised and expanded versions of the lectures and two additional essays. Ayer (...)
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  15. Sara MacDonald & Barry Craig (2013). Recovering Hegel From the Critique of Leo Strauss: The Virtues of Modernity. Lexington Books.
    In Recovering Hegel from the Critique of Leo Strauss, Sara MacDonald and Barry Craig provide a study unique in its focus on Leo Strauss’s reading of Hegel. While MacDonald and Craig find value in Strauss’s thought, they argue that his pessimism concerning modernity lies in a misunderstanding of both modernity’s greatest philosophical advocate, G.W.F. Hegel, and modernity’s virtues.
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  16.  23
    Paul S. MacDonald (ed.) (2001). The Existentialist Reader: An Anthology of Key Texts. Routledge.
    The Existentialist Reader is a comprehensive anthology of classic philosophical writings from eight key existentialist thinkers: Sartre, Camus, Heidegger, de Beauvoir, Jaspers, Marcel, Merleau-Ponty, and Ortega y Gasset. These substantial and carefully selected readings consider the distinctive concerns of existentialism: absurdity, anxiety, alienation, death. A comprehensive introduction by Paul S. MacDonald illuminates the existentialist quest for individual freedom and authentic human experience with insight into the historical and intellectual background of these major figures. The Existentialist Reader is a valuable (...)
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  17. Paul S. MacDonald (2001). Husserl's Preemptive Responses to Existentialist Critiques. Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 1 (1):1-13.
    Existentialist thinkers often publicly acknowledged Husserl’s phenomenology as one of their main points of departure for treatment of such themes as intentionality, comportment, transcendence, and the lifeworld. Several central elements of Husserl’s approach were adopted by the Existentialists, but equal to their gratitude were vigorous declamations of Husserl’s mistakes, dead-ends and failures. Many of the Existentialists’ criticisms of Husserl’s project are well-known and have been rehearsed in various surveys of 20th century thought, but less well-remarked are the discrepancies between their (...)
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  18. Scott MacDonald (1995). Synchronic Contingency, Instants of Nature, and Libertarian Freedom: Comments on 'The Background to Scotus's Theory of Will'. Modern Schookman 72 (2-3):169-74.
  19. Margaret MacDonald (1938). Things and Processes. Analysis 6 (1):1 - 10.
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  20. E. F. Carritt, Arthur Thomson, Martha Kneale, M. MacDonald, A. M. MacIver, Richard Robinson & Peter Stubbs (1948). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 57 (225):107-126.
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  21.  90
    Frank Cioffi Obscurantism, G. A. Equality, Keith Graham, Peter Carruthers, Cynthia MacDonald, Paul Snowden, Howard Robinson, David Over, Paul Guyer & Ralph Walker (1990). The Mind Bursary. Mind 99:394.
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  22. Cynthia Macdonald (2014). ‘‘In My ‘Mind’s Eye’: Introspectionism, Detectivism, and the Basis of Authoritative Self-Knowledge. Synthese (15):1-26.
    It is widely accepted that knowledge of certain of one’s own mental states is authoritative in being epistemically more secure than knowledge of the mental states of others, and theories of self-knowledge have largely appealed to one or the other of two sources to explain this special epistemic status. The first, ‘detectivist’, position, appeals to an inner perception-like basis, whereas the second, ‘constitutivist’, one, appeals to the view that the special security awarded to certain self-knowledge is a conceptual matter. I (...)
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  23. Cameron Lynne Macdonald & David A. Merrill (2002). "It Shouldn't Have to Be a Trade": Recognition and Redistribution in Care Work Advocacy. Hypatia 17 (2):67-83.
    : Care work straddles the divide between activities performed out of love and those performed for pay. The tensions created for workers by this divide raise questions concerning connections between recognition and redistribution. Through an analysis of mobilization among childcare workers, we argue that care workers can address redistribution and recognition simultaneously through vocabularies of both skill and virtue. We conclude with a discussion of strategies to overcome the false dichotomy between recognition and redistribution.
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  24.  73
    Cynthia Macdonald (1989). Mind-Body Identity Theories. Routledge.
    Chapter One The most plausible arguments for the identity of mind and body that have been advanced in this century have been for the identity of mental ...
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  25.  27
    Colin M. MacLeod & Penny A. MacDonald (2000). Interdimensional Interference in the Stroop Effect: Uncovering the Cognitive and Neural Anatomy of Attention. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (10):383-391.
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  26. Cynthia Macdonald & Graham Macdonald (2010). Emergence and Downward Causation. In Cynthia Macdonald & Graham Macdonald (eds.), Emergence in Mind. Oxford University Press
  27.  18
    S. Cunningham, D. Turk, L. MacdonaLd & C. NeilmaCrae (2008). Yours or Mine? Ownership and Memory. Consciousness and Cognition 17 (1):312-318.
    An important function of the self is to identify external objects that are potentially personally relevant. We suggest that such objects may be identified through mere ownership. Extant research suggests that encoding information in a self-relevant context enhances memory , thus an experiment was designed to test the impact of ownership on memory performance. Participants either moved or observed the movement of picture cards into two baskets; one of which belonged to self and one which belonged to another participant. A (...)
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  28.  57
    Cynthia Macdonald (2015). What is Colour? A Defence of Colour Primitivism. In Robert Johnson & Michael Smith (eds.), Passions and Projections: Themes from the Philosophy of Simon Blackburn. Oxford University Press 116-133.
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  29. Alan Macdonald (2003). Entanglement, Joint Measurement, and State Reduction. International Journal of Theoretical Physics 42:943-953.
    Entanglement has been called the most important new feature of the quantum world. It is expressed in the quantum formalism by the joint measurement formula. We prove the formula for projection valued observables from a plausible assumption, which for spacelike separated measurements is an expression of relativistic causality. The state reduction formula is simply a way to express the joint measurement formula after one measurement has been made, and its result known.
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  30. Cynthia Macdonald & Graham Macdonald (2006). The Metaphysics of Mental Causation. Journal of Philosophy 103 (11):539-576.
    A debate has been raging in the philosophy of mind for at least the past two decades. It concerns whether the mental can make a causal difference to the world. Suppose that I am reading the newspaper and it is getting dark. I switch on the light, and continue with my reading. One explanation of why my switching on of the light occurred is that a desiring with a particular content (that I continue reading), a noticing with a particular content (...)
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  31. Cynthia Macdonald (2004). Mary Meets Molyneux: The Explanatory Gap and the Individuation of Phenomenal Concepts. Noûs 38 (3):503-24.
    It is widely accepted that physicalism faces its most serious challenge when it comes to making room for the phenomenal character of psychological experience, its so-called what-it-is-like aspect. The challenge has surfaced repeatedly over the past two decades in a variety of forms. In a particularly striking one, Frank Jackson considers a situation in which Mary, a brilliant scientist who knows all the physical facts there are to know about psychological experience, has spent the whole of her life in a (...)
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  32.  87
    Margaret Macdonald (1955). Critical Notice. Mind 64 (256):549 - 553.
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  33. Margaret Macdonald (1953). Sleeping and Waking. Mind 62 (April):202-215.
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  34.  19
    Silvia P. Gennari & Maryellen C. MacDonald (2009). Linking Production and Comprehension Processes: The Case of Relative Clauses. Cognition 111 (1):1-23.
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  35.  64
    Christian Barry & Kate Macdonald (forthcoming). How Should We Conceive of Individual Consumer Responsibility to Address Labour Injustices? In Yossi Dahan, Hanna Lerner & Faina Milman-Sivan (eds.), Global Justice and International Labour Rights. Cambridge University Press
    Many approaches to addressing labour injustices—shortfalls from minimally decent wages and working conditions— focus on how governments should orient themselves toward other states in which such phenomena take place, or to the firms that are involved with such practices. But of course the question of how to regard such labour practices must also be faced by individuals, and individual consumers of the goods that are produced through these practices in particular. Consumers have become increasingly aware of their connections to complex (...)
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  36.  82
    Cynthia Macdonald & Graham Macdonald (2012). The Epistemology of Meaning. In Dan Ryder, Justine Kingsbury & Kenneth Williford (eds.), Millikan and Her Critics. Wiley-Blackwell 221--240.
  37.  8
    Mark S. Seidenberg & Maryellen C. MacDonald (1999). A Probabilistic Constraints Approach to Language Acquisition and Processing. Cognitive Science 23 (4):569-588.
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  38.  59
    Margaret MacDonald (1937). Reply to Mr. MacIver. Analysis 4 (5):77 - 80.
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  39.  89
    Cynthia Macdonald (2007). Introspection and Authoritative Self-Knowledge. Erkenntnis 67 (2):355-372.
    In this paper I outline and defend an introspectionist account of authoritative self-knowledge for a certain class of cases, ones in which a subject is both thinking and thinking about a current, conscious thought. My account is distinctive in a number of ways, one of which is that it is compatible with the truth of externalism.
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  40. Cynthia Macdonald & Graham Macdonald (eds.) (1995). Philosophy of Psychology: Debates on Psychological Explanation. Blackwell.
  41. C. Macdonald (1990). Weak Externalism and Mind-Body Identity. Mind 99 (395):387-404.
  42.  32
    Chris MacDonald (2005). Call for Papers. Journal of Business Ethics 59 (3):9-11.
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  43. Cynthia Macdonald (1998). Self-Knowledge and the "Inner Eye". Philosophical Explorations 1 (2):83-106.
    What is knowledge of one's own current, consciously entertained intentional states a form of inner awareness? If so, what form? In this paper I explore the prospects for a quasi-observational account of a certain class of cases where subjects appear to have self-knowledge, namely, the so-called cogito-like cases. In section one I provide a rationale for the claim that we need an epistemology of self-knowledge, and specifically, an epistemology of the cogito-like cases. In section two I argue that contentful properties (...)
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  44.  5
    Emily Bell, Eric Racine, Paula Chiasson, Maya Dufourcq-Brana, Laura B. Dunn, Joseph J. Fins, Paul J. Ford, Walter Glannon, Nir Lipsman, Mary Ellen Macdonald, Debra J. H. Mathews & Mary Pat Mcandrews (2014). Beyond Consent in Research. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 23 (3):361-368.
    Vulnerability is an important criterion to assess the ethical justification of the inclusion of participants in research trials. Currently, vulnerability is often understood as an attribute inherent to a participant by nature of a diagnosed condition. Accordingly, a common ethical concern relates to the participant’s decisionmaking capacity and ability to provide free and informed consent. We propose an expanded view of vulnerability that moves beyond a focus on consent and the intrinsic attributes of participants. We offer specific suggestions for how (...)
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  45.  8
    Chris MacDonald & Wayne Norman (2007). Rescuing the Baby From the Triple-Bottom-Line Bathwater: A Reply to Pava. Business Ethics Quarterly 17 (1):111-114.
    We respond to Moses Pava’s defense of the “Triple Bottom Line” concept against our earlier criticisms. We argue that, pacePava, the multiplicity of measures that go into evaluating ethical performance cannot reasonably be compared to the handful of standard methods for evaluating financial performance. We also question Pava’s claim that usage of the term “3BL” is somehow intended to be ironical or subversive.
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  46.  78
    James E. Macdonald & Caryn L. Beck-Dudley (1994). Are Deontology and Teleology Mutually Exclusive? Journal of Business Ethics 13 (8):615 - 623.
    Current discussions of business ethics usually only consider deontological and utilitarian approaches. What is missing is a discussion of traditional teleology, often referred to as virtue ethics. While deontology and teleology are useful, they both suffer insufficiencies. Traditional teleology, while deontological in many respects, does not object to utilitarian style calculations as long as they are contained within a moral framework that is not utilitarian in its origin. It contains the best of both approaches and can be used to focus (...)
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  47.  30
    R. J. MacDonald (1959). The Order and Integration of Knowledge. New Scholasticism 33 (3):395-398.
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  48. D. Macdonald (1953). A Theory of Mass Culture. Diogenes 1 (3):1-17.
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  49.  16
    Stuart Macdonald & Tom Chrisp (2005). Acknowledging the Purpose of Partnership. Journal of Business Ethics 59 (4):307 - 317.
    The paper explores a case of partnership between a large pharmaceutical company and a national charity in the United Kingdom, a partnership from which the drug company sought improved public relations, and the charity money. Neither side was able to accept this reality. Managers of the partnership insisted that its only purpose was to improve the lifestyle of teenagers. They were supported by a literature on partnership that also tends to ignore the distinction between the task the partnership is set (...)
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  50.  51
    Chris MacDonald, Michael McDonald & Wayne Norman (2002). Charitable Conflicts of Interest. Journal of Business Ethics 39 (1-2):67 - 74.
    This paper looks at conflicts of interest in the not-for-profit sector. It examines the nature of conflicts of interest and why they are of ethical concern, and then focuses on the way not-for-profit organisations are especially prone to and vulnerable to conflict-of-interest scandals. Conflicts of interest corrode trust; and stakeholder trust (particularly from donors) is the lifeblood of most charities. We focus on some specific challenges faced by charitable organisations providing funding for scientific (usually medical) research, and examine a case (...)
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