Search results for 'Ranald MacDonald' (try it on Scholar)

779 found
Sort by:
  1. Peter Ashworth, Ranald MacDonald & Madeleine Freewood (2003). The Student Lifeworld and the Meanings of Plagiarism. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 34 (2):257-278.score: 240.0
    As plagiarism is a notion specific to a particular culture and epoch, and is also understood in a variety of ways by individuals, particular attention must be paid to the putting of the phenomenological question, What is plagiarism in its appearing? Resolution of this issue leads us to locate students' perceptions and opinions within the lifeworld, and to seek an initially idiographic set of descriptions. Of twelve interview analyses, three are presented. A student who took an especially anxious line, his (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Ranald R. Macdonald (1997). Base Rates and Randomness. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):778-778.score: 240.0
    In base rate problems the estimated probability must equal the base rate only where random sampling is assumed. Otherwise there is uncertainty over and above that which can be included in any probability model and inductive inference is involved. Subjects should use base rates to the extent that the problem suggests a simple random sampling model.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Ranald R. Macdonald (2000). The Limits of Probability Modelling: A Serendipitous Tale of Goldfish, Transfinite Numbers, and Pieces of String. [REVIEW] Mind and Society 1 (2):17-38.score: 240.0
    This paper is about the differences between probabilities and beliefs and why reasoning should not always conform to probability laws. Probability is defined in terms of urn models from which probability laws can be derived. This means that probabilities are expressed in rational numbers, they suppose the existence of veridical representations and, when viewed as parts of a probability model, they are determined by a restricted set of variables. Moreover, probabilities are subjective, in that they apply to classes of events (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. George MacDonald (2009). George MacDonald. The Chesterton Review 35 (1-2):288-289.score: 180.0
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Gregory Macdonald (1975). Gregory Macdonald's Reply to Dudley Barker. The Chesterton Review 2 (1):103-106.score: 180.0
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. George MacDonald & C. S. Lewis (2006). The Aphorisms of George MacDonald. The Chesterton Review 32 (1/2):187-189.score: 180.0
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Gregory Macdonald (1975). Gregory Macdonald's Reply to Maurice Reckitt. The Chesterton Review 2 (1):120-124.score: 180.0
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. C. J. G. Wright, Barry C. Smith & Cynthia Macdonald (eds.) (2000). Knowing Our Own Minds. Oxford University Press.score: 90.0
  9. C. Macdonald, Barry C. Smith & C. J. G. Wright (1998). Knowing Our Own Minds: Essays in Self-Knowledge. Oxford University Press.score: 90.0
    Self-knowledge is the focus of considerable attention from philosophers: Knowing Our Own Minds gives a much-needed overview of current work on the subject, bringing together new essays by leading figures. Knowledge of one's own sensations, desires, intentions, thoughts, beliefs, and other attitudes is characteristically different from other kinds of knowledge: it has greater immediacy, authority, and salience. The contributors examine philosophical questions raised by the distinctive character of self-knowledge, relating it to knowledge of other minds, to rationality and agency, externalist (...)
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Paul S. MacDonald (ed.) (2001). The Existentialist Reader: An Anthology of Key Texts. Routledge.score: 60.0
    The Existentialist Reader is a comprehensive anthology of classic philosophical writings from eight key existentialist thinkers: Sartre, Camus, Heidegger, de Beauvoir, Jaspers, Marcel, Merleau-Ponty, and Ortega y Gasset. These substantial and carefully selected readings consider the distinctive concerns of existentialism: absurdity, anxiety, alienation, death. A comprehensive introduction by Paul S. MacDonald illuminates the existentialist quest for individual freedom and authentic human experience with insight into the historical and intellectual background of these major figures. The Existentialist Reader is a valuable (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Cynthia Macdonald & Graham Macdonald (2006). The Metaphysics of Mental Causation. Journal of Philosophy 103 (11):539-576.score: 30.0
    A debate has been raging in the philosophy of mind for at least the past two decades. It concerns whether the mental can make a causal difference to the world. Suppose that I am reading the newspaper and it is getting dark. I switch on the light, and continue with my reading. One explanation of why my switching on of the light occurred is that a desiring with a particular content (that I continue reading), a noticing with a particular content (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Cynthia Macdonald (2004). Mary Meets Molyneux: The Explanatory Gap and the Individuation of Phenomenal Concepts. Noûs 38 (3):503-24.score: 30.0
    It is widely accepted that physicalism faces its most serious challenge when it comes to making room for the phenomenal character of psychological experience, its so-called what-it-is-like aspect. The challenge has surfaced repeatedly over the past two decades in a variety of forms. In a particularly striking one, Frank Jackson considers a situation in which Mary, a brilliant scientist who knows all the physical facts there are to know about psychological experience, has spent the whole of her life in a (...)
    Direct download (13 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Cynthia Macdonald (1998). Self-Knowledge and the "Inner Eye". Philosophical Explorations 1 (2):83-106.score: 30.0
    What is knowledge of one's own current, consciously entertained intentional states a form of inner awareness? If so, what form? In this paper I explore the prospects for a quasi-observational account of a certain class of cases where subjects appear to have self-knowledge, namely, the so-called cogito-like cases. In section one I provide a rationale for the claim that we need an epistemology of self-knowledge, and specifically, an epistemology of the cogito-like cases. In section two I argue that contentful properties (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Cynthia Macdonald (2014). In My ‘Mind’s Eye’: Introspectionism, Detectivism, and the Basis of Authoritative Self-Knowledge. Synthese (15):1-26.score: 30.0
    It is widely accepted that knowledge of certain of one’s own mental states is authoritative in being epistemically more secure than knowledge of the mental states of others, and theories of self-knowledge have largely appealed to one or the other of two sources to explain this special epistemic status. The first, ‘detectivist’, position, appeals to an inner perception-like basis, whereas the second, ‘constitutivist’, one, appeals to the view that the special security awarded to certain self-knowledge is a conceptual matter. I (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Cameron Lynne Macdonald & David A. Merrill (2002). "It Shouldn't Have to Be a Trade": Recognition and Redistribution in Care Work Advocacy. Hypatia 17 (2):67-83.score: 30.0
    : Care work straddles the divide between activities performed out of love and those performed for pay. The tensions created for workers by this divide raise questions concerning connections between recognition and redistribution. Through an analysis of mobilization among childcare workers, we argue that care workers can address redistribution and recognition simultaneously through vocabularies of both skill and virtue. We conclude with a discussion of strategies to overcome the false dichotomy between recognition and redistribution.
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Cynthia Macdonald & Graham F. Macdonald (1995). How to Be Psychologically Relevant. In Cynthia Macdonald & Graham Macdonald (eds.), Philosophy of Psychology: Debates on Psychological Explanation. Blackwellscore: 30.0
    How did I raise my arm? The simple answer is that I raised it as a consequence of intending to raise it. A slightly more complicated response would mention the absence of any factors which would inhibit the execution of the intention- and a more complicated one still would specify the intention in terms of a goal (say, drinking a beer) which requires arm-raising as a means towards that end. Whatever the complications, the simple answer appears to be on the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Scott Macdonald (2008). How Can One Search for God?: The Paradox of Inquiry in Augustine's Confessions. Metaphilosophy 39 (1):20–38.score: 30.0
    The Confessions recounts Augustine's successful search for God. But Augustine worries that one cannot search for God if one does not already know God. That version of the paradox of <span class='Hi'>inquiry</span> dominates and structures Confessions 1–10. I draw connections between the dramatic opening lines of book 1 and the climactic discussion in book 10.26–38 and argue that the latter discussion contains Augustine's resolution of the paradox of <span class='Hi'>inquiry</span> as it applies to the special case of searching for God. (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Margaret Macdonald (1953). Sleeping and Waking. Mind 62 (April):202-215.score: 30.0
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Scott MacDonald (1995). Synchronic Contingency, Instants of Nature, and Libertarian Freedom: Comments on 'The Background to Scotus's Theory of Will'. Modern Schookman 72 (2-3):169-74.score: 30.0
  20. Cynthia Macdonald (2007). Introspection and Authoritative Self-Knowledge. Erkenntnis 67 (2):355-372.score: 30.0
    In this paper I outline and defend an introspectionist account of authoritative self-knowledge for a certain class of cases, ones in which a subject is both thinking and thinking about a current, conscious thought. My account is distinctive in a number of ways, one of which is that it is compatible with the truth of externalism.
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Cynthia Macdonald (1999). Shoemaker on Self-Knowledge and Inner Sense. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 59 (3):711-38.score: 30.0
    What is introspective knowledge of one's own intentional states like? This paper aims to make plausible the view that certain cases of self-knowledge, namely the cogito-type ones, are enough like perception to count as cases of quasi-observation. To this end it considers the highly influential arguments developed by Sydney Shoemaker in his recent Royce Lectures. These present the most formidable challenge to the view that certain cases of self-knowledge are quasi-observational and so deserve detailed examination. Shoemaker's arguments are directed against (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. James E. Macdonald & Caryn L. Beck-Dudley (1994). Are Deontology and Teleology Mutually Exclusive? Journal of Business Ethics 13 (8):615 - 623.score: 30.0
    Current discussions of business ethics usually only consider deontological and utilitarian approaches. What is missing is a discussion of traditional teleology, often referred to as virtue ethics. While deontology and teleology are useful, they both suffer insufficiencies. Traditional teleology, while deontological in many respects, does not object to utilitarian style calculations as long as they are contained within a moral framework that is not utilitarian in its origin. It contains the best of both approaches and can be used to focus (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Alan Macdonald, Entanglement, Joint Measurement, and State Reduction.score: 30.0
    Entanglement has been called the most important new feature of the quantum world. It is expressed in the quantum formalism by the joint measurement formula. We prove the formula for projection valued observables from a plausible assumption, which for spacelike separated measurements is an expression of relativistic causality. The state reduction formula is simply a way to express the joint measurement formula after one measurement has been made, and its result known.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. D. Macdonald (1953). A Theory of Mass Culture. Diogenes 1 (3):1-17.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Margaret MacDonald (1938). Things and Processes. Analysis 6 (1):1 - 10.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Cynthia Macdonald (1998). Tropes and Other Things. In Stephen Laurence & Cynthia Macdonald (eds.), Contemporary Readings in the Foundations of Metaphysics. Blackwellscore: 30.0
    Our day-to-day experience of the world regularly brings us into contact with middlesized objects such as apples, dogs, and other human beings. These objects possess observable properties, properties that are available or accessible to the unaided senses, such as redness and roundness, as well as properties that are not so available, such as chemical ones. Both of these kinds of properties serve as valuable sources of information about our familiar middle-sized objects at least to the extent that they enable us (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. A. W. Macdonald (1957). Book Reviews : Ennin's Diary: The Record of a Pilgrimage to China in Search of the Law Ennin's Travels in T'ang China By E.O. Reischauer (New York: Ronald Press Co., I955.) Pp. 454+Xvi; 34I+Xii. [REVIEW] Diogenes 5 (18):108-112.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Cynthia Macdonald & Graham Macdonald (2010). Emergence and Downward Causation. In Cynthia Macdonald & Graham Macdonald (eds.), Emergence in Mind. Oxford University Pressscore: 30.0
  29. Cynthia Macdonald (2008). Consciousness, Self-Consciousness, and Authoritative Self-Knowledge. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 108 (1pt3):319-346.score: 30.0
    Many recent discussions of self-consciousness and self-knowledge assume that there are only two kinds of accounts available to be taken on the relation between the so-called first-order (conscious) states and subjects' awareness or knowledge of them: a same-order, or reflexive view, on the one hand, or a higher-order one, on the other. I maintain that there is a third kind of view that is distinctively different from these two options. The view is important because it can accommodate and make intelligible (...)
    Direct download (12 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Scott MacDonald (1992). Goodness as Transcendental: The Early Thirteenth-Century Recovery of an Aristotelian Idea. Topoi 11 (2):173-186.score: 30.0
    In this paper I investigate the philosophical developments at the heart of what appears to be the earliest systematic formulation of the doctrine of the transcendentals by comparing the first questions of Philip the Chancellor''sSumma de bono (the so-called first treatise on the transcendentals — ca. 1230) with its immediate ancestor, a small group of questions from William of Auxerre''sSumma aurea (ca. 1220). I argue that Philip''s innovative position on the relation between being and goodness, the centerpiece of his doctrine (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Cynthia Macdonald (1989). Mind-Body Identity Theories. Routledge.score: 30.0
    Chapter One The most plausible arguments for the identity of mind and body that have been advanced in this century have been for the identity of mental ...
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. A. W. Macdonald (1955). Book Reviews : A History of Chinese Philosophy, Vol. II by Fung Yu-Lan, Translated by Derk Bodde (Princeton, Nj.: Princeton University Press, 1953.) Pp. XXV+783. China's Gentry, Essays in Rural-Urban Relations by Hsiao-Tung Fei (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1953.) Pp. 287. A Documentary History of Chinese Communism by C. Brandt, B. Schwartz and J. K. Fairbank (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1952.) Pp. 552. [REVIEW] Diogenes 3 (9):114-117.score: 30.0
  33. Graham Macdonald & David Papineau (eds.) (2006). Teleosemantics: New Philosophical Essays. Oxford: Clarendon Press.score: 30.0
    Teleosemantics seeks to explain meaning and other intentional phenomena in terms of their function in the life of the species. This volume of new essays from an impressive line-up of well-known contributors offers a valuable summary of the current state of the teleosemantics debate.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. Graham Macdonald & Cynthia Macdonald (eds.) (2010). Emergence in Mind. Oxford University Press.score: 30.0
    The volume also extends the debate about emergence by considering the independence of chemical properties from physical properties, and investigating what would ...
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Marc Slors & Cynthia Macdonald (2008). Rethinking Folk-Psychology: Alternatives to Theories of Mind. Philosophical Explorations 11 (3):153 – 161.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. C. Macdonald (2008). Review: Gregg Ten Elshof: Introspection Vindicated. [REVIEW] Mind 117 (465):176-180.score: 30.0
  37. Margaret Macdonald (1951). Professor Ryle on the Concept of Mind. Philosophical Review 60 (January):80-90.score: 30.0
  38. Cynthia Macdonald (2004). Self-Knowledge and the First Person. In M. Sie, Marc Slors & B. Van den Brink (eds.), Reasons of One's Own. Ashgatescore: 30.0
    It is a familiar view in the philosophy of mind and action is that for a thought or attitude to constitute a reason for an action is for it to render intelligible, in the light of norms of rationality or reason, that action. However, I can make sense of your actions in this way by crediting you with attitudes that I myself do not hold. Equally, you can do this for my actions. So not all reasons for one’s actions are (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. A. W. Macdonald (1958). Tendances de l'Art Khmer: Commentaires Sur 24 Chefs d'Oeuvre du Musee de Phnom-Penh: By J. BOISSELIER ("Publications du Musee Guimet, Bibliotheque de Diffusion," Vol. LXII [Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, I956].) Pp. II8+24 Photographic Plates. Angkor, Hommes Et Pierres Text by B. P. GROSLIER and Photographs by J. ARTHAUD (Paris: Arthaud, I956.) Pp. 232 (I24 of Them Helioengravings)+6 Color Plates and 3 Maps. The Art and Architecture of Japan By R. T. PAINE and A. SOPER (Harmondsworth: Pelican Books Ltd., I955.) Pp. 3I6 (I73 of Them Black-and- White Plates)+40 Drawings. The Art and Architecture of China By L. SICKMAN and A. SOPER (Harmondsworth: Pelican Books Ltd., I956.) Pp. 334 (I92 of Them Black-and- White Illustrations) +40 Drawings. Arts de l'Asie Ancienne, Themes Et Motifs, III: La Chine By M. HALLADE ("Publications du Musee Guimet, Recherches Et Documents d'Art Et d'Archeolo Gie," Vol. V [Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, I956].) Pp. 92+574 Sketches. [REVIEW] Diogenes 6 (23):120-124.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Scott MacDonald (1991). Ultimate Ends in Practical Reasoning: Aquinas's Aristotelian Moral Psychology and Anscombe's Fallacy. Philosophical Review 100 (1):31-66.score: 30.0
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Crispin Wright, Barry C. Smith & Cynthia Macdonald (eds.) (1998). Knowing Our Own Minds. Oxford University Press.score: 30.0
    Knowledge of one's own sensations, desires, intentions, thoughts, beliefs, and other attitudes is characteristically different from other kinds of knowledge: it has greater immediacy, authority, and salience. This volume offers a powerful and comprehensive look at current work on this topic, featuring closely interlinked essays by leading figures in the field that examine philosophical questions raised by the distinctive character of self-knowledge, relating it to knowledge of other minds, to rationality and agency, externalist theories of psychological content, and knowledge of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. Chris MacDonald, Michael McDonald & Wayne Norman (2002). Charitable Conflicts of Interest. Journal of Business Ethics 39 (1-2):67 - 74.score: 30.0
    This paper looks at conflicts of interest in the not-for-profit sector. It examines the nature of conflicts of interest and why they are of ethical concern, and then focuses on the way not-for-profit organisations are especially prone to and vulnerable to conflict-of-interest scandals. Conflicts of interest corrode trust; and stakeholder trust (particularly from donors) is the lifeblood of most charities. We focus on some specific challenges faced by charitable organisations providing funding for scientific (usually medical) research, and examine a case (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. William Fish & Cynthia Macdonald (2009). The Identity Theory of Truth and the Realm of Reference: Where Dodd Goes Wrong. Analysis 69 (2):297-304.score: 30.0
    In ‘On McDowell's identity conception of truth’ , we suggested that McDowell's Identity Theory, according to which a proposition is true if and only if it is identical with a fact, is only fully understood when we realize that there are two identity claims involved. The first is that, when one thinks truly, the content of a whole thought is identical with a Tractarian Tatsachen – a complex fact constituted by simple Sachverhalte – and the second is that these simple (...)
    Direct download (12 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. Paul Macdonald (2007). Recent Thomistic Epistemology and Philosophy of Religion. Philosophy Compass 2 (3):517–533.score: 30.0
    The purpose of this article is to show the contribution of recent Thomistic epistemology - that is, an epistemology rooted in the philosophical theology of Thomas Aquinas - makes to contemporary philosophy of religion. In particular, I show how recent philosophers and theologians (most of them of a distinctly analytic persuasion) are appropriating insights in Aquinas’s philosophical theology in order to address perennial epistemological issues: most broadly, how it is that human persons know the world as well as the divine. (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. William Fish & Cynthia Macdonald (2011). McDowell's Alternative Conceptions of the World. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 19 (1):87-94.score: 30.0
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. Graham Macdonald & David Papineau (2006). Introduction: Prospects and Problems for Teleosemantics. In Graham Macdonald & David Papineau (eds.), Teleosemantics: New Philosophical Essays. Oxford University Pressscore: 30.0
  47. Robert C. MacDonald & Ruby I. Macdonald (1984). Membrane Mimics. BioScience 34 (9):593-593.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Iain Macdonald (2011). 'What Is, Is More Than It Is': Adorno and Heidegger on the Priority of Possibility. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 19 (1):31-57.score: 30.0
    (2011). ‘What Is, Is More than It Is’: Adorno and Heidegger on the Priority of Possibility. International Journal of Philosophical Studies: Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 31-57. doi: 10.1080/09672559.2011.539357.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. Paul S. MacDonald (2001). Current Approaches to Phenomenology. Inquiry 44 (1):101-124.score: 30.0
  50. Cynthia Macdonald & Graham F. Macdonald (1986). Mental Causes and Explanation of Action. Philosophical Quarterly 36 (April):145-58.score: 30.0
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 779