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Search results for 'Randy Au Patrick Grim' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Patrick Grim, Randy Au, Nancy Louie, Robert Rosenberger, William Braynen, Evan Selinger & Robb E. Eason (2008). A Graphic Measure for Game-Theoretic Robustness. Synthese 163 (2):273 - 297.score: 20400.0
    Robustness has long been recognized as an important parameter for evaluating game-theoretic results, but talk of ‘robustness’ generally remains vague. What we offer here is a graphic measure for a particular kind of robustness (‘matrix robustness’), using a three-dimensional display of the universe of 2 × 2 game theory. In such a measure specific games appear as specific volumes (Prisoner’s Dilemma, Stag Hunt, etc.), allowing a graphic image of the extent of particular game-theoretic effects in terms of those games. The (...)
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  2. Patrick Grim, Evan Selinger, William Braynen, Robert Rosenberger, Randy Au, Nancy Louie & John Connolly (2005). Modeling Prejudice Reduction: Spatialized Game Theory and the Contact Hypothesis. Public Affairs Quarterly 19 (2):95-125.score: 19200.0
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  3. Patrick Grim (1997). The Undecidability of the Spatialized Prisoner's Dilemma. Theory and Decision 42 (1):53-80.score: 300.0
    In the spatialized Prisoner's Dilemma, players compete against their immediate neighbors and adopt a neighbor's strategy should it prove locally superior. Fields of strategies evolve in the manner of cellular automata (Nowak and May, 1993; Mar and St. Denis, 1993a,b; Grim 1995, 1996). Often a question arises as to what the eventual outcome of an initial spatial configuration of strategies will be: Will a single strategy prove triumphant in the sense of progressively conquering more and more territory without opposition, (...)
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  4. Patrick Grim (1985). Against Omniscience: The Case From Essential Indexicals. Noûs 19 (2):151-180.score: 240.0
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  5. Alvin Plantinga & Patrick Grim (1993). Truth, Omniscience, and Cantorian Arguments: An Exchange. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 71 (3):267 - 306.score: 240.0
    Suppose there were a set T of all truths, and consider all subsets of T --all members of the power set T. To each element of this power set will correspond a truth. To each set of the power set, for example, a particular truth T1 either will or will not belong as a member. In either case we will have a..
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  6. Patrick Grim, Robert Rosenberger, Adam Rosenfeld, Brian Anderson & Robb E. Eason (2013). How Simulations Fail. Synthese 190 (12):2367-2390.score: 240.0
    ‘The problem with simulations is that they are doomed to succeed.’ So runs a common criticism of simulations—that they can be used to ‘prove’ anything and are thus of little or no scientific value. While this particular objection represents a minority view, especially among those who work with simulations in a scientific context, it raises a difficult question: what standards should we use to differentiate a simulation that fails from one that succeeds? In this paper we build on a structural (...)
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  7. Nicholas Rescher & Patrick Grim (2008). Plenum Theory. Noûs 42 (3):422-439.score: 240.0
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  8. Alvin Plantinga & Patrick Grim, An Exchange.score: 240.0
    Suppose there were a set T of all truths, and consider all subsets of T --all members of the power set T. To each element of this power set will correspond a truth. To each set of the power set, for example, a particular truth T1 either will or will not belong as a member. In either case we will have a..
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  9. Patrick Grim (2000). The Being That Knew Too Much. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 47 (3):141-154.score: 240.0
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  10. Paul St Denis & Patrick Grim (1997). Fractal Images of Formal Systems. Journal of Philosophical Logic 26 (2):181-222.score: 240.0
    Formal systems are standardly envisaged in terms of a grammar specifying well-formed formulae together with a set of axioms and rules. Derivations are ordered lists of formulae each of which is either an axiom or is generated from earlier items on the list by means of the rules of the system; the theorems of a formal system are simply those formulae for which there are derivations. Here we outline a set of alternative and explicitly visual ways of envisaging and analyzing (...)
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  11. Gary Mar & Patrick Grim (1991). Pattern and Chaos: New Images in the Semantics of Paradox. Noûs 25 (5):659-693.score: 240.0
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  12. Patrick Grim, P. St Denis & T. Kokalis (2004). Information and Meaning: Use-Based Models in Arrays of Neural Nets. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 14 (1):43-66.score: 240.0
    The goal of philosophy of information is to understand what information is, how it operates, and how to put it to work. But unlike ‘information’ in the technical sense of information theory, what we are interested in is meaningful information. To understand the nature and dynamics of information in this sense we have to understand meaning. What we offer here are simple computational models that show emergence of meaning and information transfer in randomized arrays of neural nets. These we take (...)
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  13. Patrick Grim (1988). Logic and Limits of Knowledge and Truth. Noûs 22 (3):341-367.score: 240.0
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  14. Patrick Grim (1997). Worlds by Supervenience: Some Further Problems. Analysis 57 (2):146-51.score: 240.0
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  15. Patrick Grim (1984). There Is No Set of All Truths. Analysis 44 (4):206 - 208.score: 240.0
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  16. Patrick Grim (1988). Truth, Omniscience, and the Knower. Philosophical Studies 54 (1):9 - 41.score: 240.0
    Let us sum up.The paradox of the Knower poses a direct and formal challenge to the coherence of common notions of knowledge and truth. We've considered a number of ways one might try to meet that challenge: propositional views of truth and knowledge, redundancy or operator views, and appeal to hierarchy of various sorts. Mere appeal to propositions or operators, however, seems to be inadequate to the task of the Knower, at least if unsupplemented by an auxiliary recourse to hierarchy. (...)
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  17. Patrick Grim & Nicholas Rescher (2013). How Modeling Can Go Wrong. Philosophy and Technology 26 (1):75-80.score: 240.0
    Modeling and simulation clearly have an upside. My discussion here will deal with the inevitable downside of modeling — the sort of things that can go wrong. It will set out a taxonomy for the pathology of models — a catalogue of the various ways in which model contrivance can go awry. In the course of that discussion, I also call on some of my past experience with models and their vulnerabilities.
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  18. Patrick Grim, Undecidability in the Spatialized Prisoner's Dilemma: Some Philosophical Implications.score: 240.0
    A version of this paper was presented at the IEEE International Conference on Computational Intelligence, combined meeting of ICNN, FUZZ-IEEE, and ICEC, Orlando, June-July, 1994, and an earlier form of the result is to appear as "The Undecidability of the Spatialized Prisoner's Dilemma" in Theory and Decision . An interactive form of the paper, in which figures are called up as evolving arrays of cellular automata, is available on DOS disk as Research Report #94-04i . An expanded version appears as (...)
     
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  19. Patrick Grim (1990). On Omniscience and a 'Set of All Truths': A Reply to Bringsjord. Analysis 50 (4):271 - 276.score: 240.0
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  20. Patrick Grim (1982). In Behalf of 'in Behalf of the Fool'. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 13 (1):33 - 42.score: 240.0
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  21. Patrick Grim (1991). The Incomplete Universe. Cambridge, Mass.: Mit Press.score: 240.0
    The Incomplete Universe includes detailed work on the liar paradox and recent attempts at solution, Kaplan and Montague's paradox of the knower, the Godel ...
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  22. John D. Sommer, Ed Casey, Mary C. Rawlinson, Eva Kittay, Michael A. Simon, Patrick Grim, Clyde Lee Miller, Rita Nolan, Marshall Spector, Don Ihde, Peter Williams, Anthony Weston, Donn Welton, Dick Howard, David A. Dilworth, Tom Foster Digby 3d, Anthony Appiah, David Auerbach, Annette Baier, Seyla Benhabib, Akeel Bilgrami, Richard Boyd, Robert Brandon, Joshua Cohen, Arnold Davidson, Owen Flanagan, Nancy Fraser, Marcia Lind, Alexander Nehamas, Linda Nicholson, Adrian Piper, Lynne Tirrell, Lawrence Blum, Lawrence Foster, Roma Farion, Mitchel Silver, Jenifer Radden, Jack Bayne, Robert K. Shope, Jane Roland Martin, Arthur B. Millman, Beebe Nelson, Robert Rosenfeld, Janet Farrell-Smith, David E. Flesche, Daniel E. Anderson, J. R. Brown, F. Cunningham, D. Goldstick, I. Hacking, C. Normore, A. Ripstein, W. Sumner, Alison M. Jaggar, Harry Deutsch, Irving Stein, John Hund, George Englebretsen, Fred Strohm, D. L. Ouren, P. Bilimoria, F. B. D. & Nora Nevin (1993). Letters to the Editor. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 66 (5):97 - 112.score: 240.0
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  23. Patrick Grim, A Fuzzy Fairly Happy Face.score: 240.0
    happy face, in my view, is this. It starts with two simple claims about our language that I think just have to be right. On the basis of essentially those two claims alone it offers what I think is a very plausible account of both (1) what really is wrong with the argument and (2) why there doesn't seem to be anything wrong with the argument.
     
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  24. Patrick Grim (1993). Operators in the Paradox of the Knower. Synthese 94 (3):409 - 428.score: 240.0
    Predicates are term-to-sentence devices, and operators are sentence-to-sentence devices. What Kaplan and Montague's Paradox of the Knower demonstrates is that necessity and other modalities cannot be treated as predicates, consistent with arithmetic; they must be treated as operators instead. Such is the current wisdom.A number of previous pieces have challenged such a view by showing that a predicative treatment of modalities neednot raise the Paradox of the Knower. This paper attempts to challenge the current wisdom in another way as well: (...)
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  25. Patrick Grim (1979). Plantinga's God and Other Monstrosities. Religious Studies 15 (1):91 - 97.score: 240.0
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  26. Patrick Grim (1984). Taking Sorites Arguments Seriously: Some Hidden Costs. Philosophia 14 (3-4):251-272.score: 240.0
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  27. Patrick Grim (1983). ``Some Neglected Problems of Omniscience&Quot. American Philosophical Quarterly 20 (3):265-277.score: 240.0
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  28. Patrick Grim (1982). What Won't Escape Sorites Arguments. Analysis 42 (1):38 - 43.score: 240.0
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  29. Patrick Grim (2000). Evolution of Communication in Perfect and Imperfect Worlds. World Futures 56 (2):179-197.score: 240.0
    We extend previous work on cooperation to some related questions regarding the evolution of simple forms of communication. The evolution of cooperation within the iterated Prisoner's Dilemma has been shown to follow different patterns, with significantly different outcomes, depending on whether the features of the model are classically perfect or stochastically imperfect (Axelrod 1980a, 1980b, 1984, 1985; Axelrod and Hamilton, 1981; Nowak and Sigmund, 1990, 1992; Sigmund 1993). Our results here show that the same holds for communication. Within a simple (...)
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  30. Patrick Grim (2013). Epistemology of Modeling and Simulation: Variations on a Theme. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Technology 26 (1):73-74.score: 240.0
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  31. Patrick Grim & Gary Mar (1989). On Situations and the World: A Problem for Barwise and Etchemendy. Analysis 49 (3):143 - 148.score: 240.0
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  32. Patrick Grim (1986). On Sets and Worlds: A Reply to Menzel. Analysis 46 (4):186 - 191.score: 240.0
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  33. Patrick Grim (2005). The Buried Quantifier: An Account of Vagueness and the Sorites. Analysis 65 (286):95–104.score: 240.0
  34. Patrick Grim (1982). Against a Deontic Argument for God's Existence. Analysis 42 (3):171 - 174.score: 240.0
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  35. Patrick Grim (1984). Ethical Issues in Suicide. Teaching Philosophy 7 (1):53-55.score: 240.0
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  36. Patrick Grim (2002). The Basic Questions: What is Reinforced? What is Selected? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):261-261.score: 240.0
    Any behavior belongs to innumerable overlapping types. Any adequate theory of emergence and retention of behavior, whether psychological or biological, must give us not only a general mechanism – reinforcement or selection, for example – but a reason why that mechanism applies to a particular behavior in terms of one of its types rather than others. Why is it as this type that the behavior is reinforced or selected?
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  37. Patrick Grim & Alvin Plantinga (1993). ``Truth, Omniscience and Cantorian Arguments: An Exchange&Quot. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 71 (3):267-306.score: 240.0
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  38. Patrick Grim (2002). Philosophy for Computers: Some Explorations in Philosophical Modeling. In James Moor & Terrell Ward Bynum (eds.), Cyberphilosophy: The Intersection of Philosophy and Computing. Blackwell Pub.. 181-209.score: 240.0
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  39. Patrick Grim, Evolution of Communication with a Spatialized Genetic Algorithm.score: 240.0
    We extend previous work by modeling evolution of communication using a spatialized genetic algorithm which recombines strategies purely locally. Here cellular automata are used as a spatialized environment in which individuals gain points by capturing drifting food items and are 'harmed' if they fail to hide from migrating predators. Our individuals are capable of making one of two arbitrary sounds, heard only locally by their immediate neighbors. They can respond to sounds from their neighbors by opening their mouths or by (...)
     
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  40. Patrick Grim (1983). Is This a Swizzle Stick Which I See Before Me? Analysis 43 (4):164 - 166.score: 240.0
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  41. Patrick Grim (1983). Meaning, Morality, and the Moral Sciences. Philosophical Studies 43 (3):397 - 408.score: 240.0
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  42. Patrick Grim (1974). Wright on Functions. Analysis 35 (2):62 - 64.score: 240.0
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  43. Patrick Grim (1998). Beyond the Limits of Thought. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 58 (3):719-723.score: 240.0
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  44. Patrick Grim (2003). Computational Modeling as a Philosophical Methodology. In Luciano Floridi (ed.), Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Computing and Information. Blackwell. 337--349.score: 240.0
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  45. Patrick Grim & Robert Brecher (1984). Gremlins Revenged. Philosophical Studies 30:165-176.score: 240.0
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  46. Elliott Mendelson & Patrick Grim (1994). The Incomplete Universe: Totality, Knowledge, and Truth. Philosophical Quarterly 44 (176):409.score: 240.0
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  47. Patrick Grim (1977). Further Notes on Functions. Analysis 37 (4):169 - 176.score: 240.0
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  48. Patrick Grim (1981). Plantinga, Hartshorne, and the Ontological Argument. Sophia 20 (2):12-16.score: 240.0
    R l purtill has claimed that the ontological argument that plantinga presents in "the nature of necessity" is basically the same as that offered in hartshorne's "the logic of perfection" and that it falls victim to the same criticisms. i argue that plantinga's ontological argument is different enough "not" to fall victim to purtill's criticisms. what makes plantinga's argument different, however, also makes it vulnerable to a different criticism: the god of plantinga's conclusion is not a being greater than which (...)
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  49. Patrick Grim, Daniel J. Singer, Steven Fisher, Aaron Bramson, William J. Berger, Christopher Reade, Carissa Flocken & Adam Sales (2013). Scientific Networks on Data Landscapes: Question Difficulty, Epistemic Success, and Convergence. Episteme 10 (4):441-464.score: 240.0
    A scientific community can be modeled as a collection of epistemic agents attempting to answer questions, in part by communicating about their hypotheses and results. We can treat the pathways of scientific communication as a network. When we do, it becomes clear that the interaction between the structure of the network and the nature of the question under investigation affects epistemic desiderata, including accuracy and speed to community consensus. Here we build on previous work, both our own and others’, in (...)
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  50. Patrick Grim (1983). Two Roads to Ignorance. Review of Metaphysics 36 (4):953-954.score: 240.0
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