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  1. Raphael Cohen-Almagor, John Stuart Mill.
    John Stuart Mill's concept of ethics was closely related to his firm belief in freedom. He was strictly a believer in each person bringing the greatest degree of happiness or good to the greatest number. This would be an individual act and in no way a forced action. One is free to act without coercion as long as no harm is brought to another person. Consequences must be considered carefully before acting and the act chosen must be the best of (...)
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  2. Raphael Cohen-Almagor, Reply to Rejoinder: Teaching in Class Versus Free Expression.
    Early in 2008 I published Hate in the Classroom: Free Expression, Holocaust Denial, and Liberal Education. A rejoinder was published, and this is my reply to the rejoinder. It is about education and the role of the teacher in the classroom. I argue that teachers should keep their hateful views to themselves and not pronounce them publicly if they wish to serve as educators. Students should not be subjected to teachers who are unable to appreciate difference and pluralism, who (...)
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  3. Raphael Cohen-Almagor, The Israel-Hezbollah War and the Winograd Committee.
    On July 12, 2006, the Hezbollah terrorist organization attacked two Israeli Defense Forces' armored Hummer jeeps patrolling along the border with gunfire and explosives, in the midst of massive shelling attacks on Israel's north. Three soldiers were killed in the attack and two were taken hostage. The Israeli Defence Forces (IDF) began heavy artillery and tank fire. Prime Minister Ehud Olmert convened the government on Wednesday night, June 12, 2006 to decide Israel's reaction. The government agreed that the attack had (...)
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  4. Raphael Cohen-Almagor (forthcoming). Press Self-Regulation in Britain: A Critique. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-23.
    This article reviews the history of press self-regulation in Britain, from the 1947 Ross Commission to the 2012 Leveson Inquiry Commission. It considers the history of the Press Council and the Press Complaints Commission, analysing the ways they developed, their work, and how they have reached their current non-status. It is argued that the existing situation in Britain is far from satisfactory, and that the press should advance more elaborate mechanisms of self-control, establishing a new regulatory body called the Public (...)
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  5. Raphael Cohen-Almagor (2013). Freedom of Expression V. Social Responsibility: Holocaust Denial in Canada. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 28 (1):42 - 56.
    (2013). Freedom of Expression v. Social Responsibility: Holocaust Denial in Canada. Journal of Mass Media Ethics: Vol. 28, No. 1, pp. 42-56. doi: 10.1080/08900523.2012.746119.
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  6. Raphael Cohen-Almagor (2013). In Memoriam: Edmund Pellegrino (June 22, 1920–June 13, 2013). [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (2):1-5.
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  7. Raphael Cohen-Almagor (2012). Between Autonomy and State Regulation: J.S. Mill's Elastic Paternalism. Philosophy 87 (04):557-582.
    This paper analyses J.S. Mill's theory on the relationships between individual autonomy and State powers. It will be argued that there is a significant discrepancy between Mill's general liberal statements aimed to secure individual largest possible autonomy and the specific examples which provide the government with quite wide latitude for interference in the public and private spheres. The paper outlines the boundaries of government interference in the Millian theory. Subsequently it describes Mill's elastic paternalism designed to prevent people from inflicting (...)
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  8. Raphael Cohen-Almagor (2012). Freedom of Expression, Internet Responsibility, and Business Ethics: The Yahoo! Saga and Its Implications. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 106 (3):353-365.
    In the late 1990s, the Internet seemed a perfect medium for business: a facilitator of unlimited economical propositions to people without any regulatory limitations. Cases such as that of Yahoo! mark the beginning of the end of that illusion. They demonstrate that Internet service providers (ISPs) have to respect domestic state legislation in order to avoid legal risks. Yahoo! was wrong to ignore French national laws and the plea to remove Nazi memorabilia from its auction site. Its legal struggle proved (...)
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  9. Raphael Cohen-Almagor (2011). Fatal Choices and Flawed Decisions at the End of Life: Lessons From Israel. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 54 (4):578-594.
    SC was an 80-year-old Israeli woman. She suffered from multiple chronic conditions, including heart disease, pulmonary congestion, chronic leukemia, diabetes, and high blood pressure. She received medication to treat her medical condition. Her pressing problems were shortness of breath and severe pain in her left leg, the result of poor blood circulation. SC resided in a rehabilitative nursing home in Tel Aviv. One night she could not sleep. She sat on her bed, unable to lie down, and screamed with pain. (...)
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  10. Andreas Føllesdal, Joel Perlmann, Bashir Bashir, Raphael Cohen-Almagor, Said Zeedani & Chaim Gans (2011). Reactions & Debate. Ethical Perspectives 18 (4):625-681.
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  11. Raphael Cohen-Almagor (2010). Responsibility of and Trust in ISPs. Knowledge, Technology and Policy 23 (3-4):381-397.
    This discussion is about the neglected concepts of trust and social responsibility on the Internet. I will discuss and explain the concepts and their implications to people and society. I then address the issue of moral and social responsibilities of ISPs and web-hosting companies. I argue that ISPs and web-hosting companies should aspire to take responsibility for content and that they should respect and abide by their own terms of conduct.
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  12. Raphael Cohen-Almagor (2008). Dignity, Compassion, Care and Safety Valves at the End-of-Life. Israel Law Review 41 (1-2):358-393.
    This is an extensive critical review of Euthanasia in International and Comparative Perspective. My Review is divided into five parts. First, I outline the book's strengths. I proceed by speaking of the need for clear and cohesive terminology. I then discuss end-of-life decision-making in some of the countries: Belgium, The Netherlands, and the State of Oregon in the United States, all allow PAS. Belgium and The Netherlands also allow euthanasia. I also discuss Israel's Dying Patient Law,13 enacted by the Knesset (...)
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  13. Raphael Cohen-Almagor (2008). The Right to Die with Dignity: An Argument in Ethics and Law. Health Law and Policy 2 (1):2-8.
    The article discusses the way people wish to die, analyzing the legal situation in countries that permit either euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide. While criticizing the Dutch, Belgian and Swiss models, I argue that the Oregon model is the one with apparently little abuse. Building on the experiences of Oregon, the Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland, and the Northern Territory of Australia, the article ends with a set of guidelines to improve the conduct of PAS.
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  14. Raphael Cohen-Almagor & Sharon Haleva-Amir (2008). Bloody Wednesday in Dawson College - The Story of Kimveer Gill, or Why Should We Monitor Certain Websites to Prevent Murder. Studies in Ethics, Law, and Technology 2 (3).
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  15. Raphael Cohen-Almagor (2006). On Compromise and Coercion. Ratio Juris 19 (4):434-455.
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  16. Raphael Cohen-Almagor (2002). Non-Voluntary and Involuntary Euthanasia in the Netherlands: Dutch Perspectives. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 2 (5):161-179.
    During the summer of 1999, twenty-eight interviews with some of the leading authorities on the euthanasia policy were conducted in the Netherlands. They were asked about cases of non-voluntary (when patients are incompetent) and involuntary euthanasia (when patients are competent and made no request to die). This study reports the main findings, showing that most respondents are quite complacent with regard to breaches of the guideline that speaks ofthe patient’s consent as prerequisite to performance of euthanasia.
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  17. Raphael Cohen-Almagor (2002). Non-Voluntary and Involuntary Euthanasia in the Netherlands. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 2 (2):161-179.
    During the summer of 1999, twenty-eight interviews with some of the leading authorities on the euthanasia policy were conducted in the Netherlands. They were asked about cases of non-voluntary (when patients are incompetent) and involuntary euthanasia (when patients are competent and made no request to die). This study reports the main findings, showing that most respondents are quite complacent with regard to breaches of the guideline that speaks ofthe patient’s consent as prerequisite to performance of euthanasia.
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  18. Raphael Cohen-Almagor (2002). Responsibility and Ethics in the Canadian Media: Some Basic Concerns. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 17 (1):35 – 52.
    In this article I analyze some of the troubling issues in Canadian media ethics, based on in-depth interviews with more than 50 experts on Canadian media. I begin by reflecting on the cultural considerations involved in the Canadian media's proximity to the United States. Subsequently, I discuss the problems of excessive ownership of the media by a few organizations, arguing that the right to exercise free expression does not include the right to own as many media organizations as money can (...)
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  19. Raphael Cohen-Almagor (2002). Should Doctors Suggest Euthanasia to Their Patients? Reflections on Dutch Perspectives. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 23 (4-5):287-303.
    During the summer of 1999 and in April 2002 Iwent to the Netherlands in order to meet someof the leading authorities on the euthanasiapolicy. They were asked multiple questions.This study reports the main findings to thequestion: should doctors suggest euthanasia totheir patients? Some interviewees did notobserve any significant ethical concernsinvolved in suggesting euthanasia. For variousreasons they thought physicians should offereuthanasia as an option. Two intervieweesasserted that doctors don''t propose euthanasiato their patients. Five interviewees objectedto physician''s initiative.
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  20. Raphael Cohen-Almagor (2002). The Guidelines for Euthanasia in the Netherlands. Ethical Perspectives 9 (1):3-20.
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  21. Raphael Cohen-Almagor (2002). Why the Netherlands? Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 30 (1):95-104.
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  22. Raphael Cohen-Almagor & Itzhak Yanovitzky (2001). Speech, Media and Ethics—The Limits of Free Expression: Critical Studies on Freedom of Expression, Freedom of the Press and the Public's Right to Know. Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (3):447.
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  23. Raphael Cohen-Almagor (2000). A Concise Rebuttal. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 28 (3):285-286.
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  24. Raphael Cohen-Almagor (ed.) (2000). Medical Ethics at the Dawn of the 21st Century. New York Academy of Sciences.
     
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  25. Raphael Cohen-Almagor (2000). Will Kymlicka and Raphael Cohen-Almagor. In Maria Baghramian & Attracta Ingram (eds.), Pluralism: The Philosophy and Politics of Diversity. Routledge. 228.
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  26. Raphael Cohen-Almagor & Merav Shmueli (2000). Can Life Be Evaluated? The Jewish Halachic Approach Vs. The Quality of Life Approach in Medical Ethics: A Critical View. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 21 (2):117-137.
    In recent years there has been an increase in the number of requests formercy killings by patients and their relatives. Under certain conditions,the patient may prefer death to a life devoid of quality. In contrast to thosewho uphold this quality of life approach, those who hold the sanctity oflife approach claim that life has intrinsic value and must be preservedregardless of its quality. This essay describes these two approaches,examines their flaws, and offers a golden path between the two extremepositions.We discuss (...)
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  27. Raphael Cohen-Almagor (1997). Why Tolerate? Reflections on the Millian Truth Principle. Philosophia 25 (1-4):131-152.
    The aim of this essay is to reflect on the Millian, utilitarian argument from truth that is held as one of the most conspicuous answers to the question Why tolerate? This argument postulates that only in a free market of ideas may the truth be discovered. Even the most unpopular idea may contain some truth in it and may contribute to the advancement of knowledge. It further commands us to contest those opinions which are believed to be true vigorously and (...)
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  28. Raphael Cohen-Almagor (1995). Autonomy, Life as an Intrinsic Value, and the Right to Die in Dignity. Science and Engineering Ethics 1 (3):261-272.
    This paper examines two models of thinking relating to the issue of the right to die in dignity: one takes into consideration the rights and interests of the individual; the other supposes that human life is inherently valuable. I contend that preference should be given to the first model, and further assert that the second model may be justified in moral terms only as long as it does not resort to paternalism. The view that holds that certain patients are not (...)
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  29. Raphael Cohen-Almagor (1994). Disqualification of Lists in Israel (1948–1984): Retrospect and Appraisal. [REVIEW] Law and Philosophy 13 (1):43 - 95.
    The aim is to review the decisions of the Central Elections Committee and of the Supreme Court regarding disqualification of lists in Israel. Two major questions are addressed: When should tolerance have its limits?; and, What constraints on liberty should be introduced in order to safeguard democracy? The judicial analysis focuses attention on the issue of whether the justices acted in accordance with the law. Consideration is given to the written law and to existing normative considerations which allow justices an (...)
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  30. Raphael Cohen-Almagor (1991). Foundations of Violence, Terror and War in the Writings of Marx, Engels, and Lenin. Terrorism and Political Violence 3 (2).
    The aims of this essay are (A) to examine the extent to which Marx, Engels and Lenin believed in revolution by peaceful means and what was their attitude towards the phenomenon of war, and (B) to reflect on the different interpretations of their writings, discerning between three schools of thought. It is argued that Marx and Engels considered violence only as an instrument of secondary importance and desirable insofar as there is no other alternative to change the system. It is (...)
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