Search results for 'Rational action' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Melissa Barry (2007). Realism, Rational Action, and the Humean Theory of Motivation. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 10 (3):231-242.
    Realists about practical reasons agree that judgments regarding reasons are beliefs. They disagree, however, over the question of how such beliefs motivate rational action. Some adopt a Humean conception of motivation, according to which beliefs about reasons must combine with independently existing desires in order to motivate rational action; others adopt an anti-Humean view, according to which beliefs can motivate rational action in their own right, either directly or by giving rise to a new (...)
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  2.  5
    Edward Pols (2002). Rational Action and the Complexity of Causality. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 22 (1):1-18.
    After a contrast of the the prima facie complexity of the causality of the rational agent with the received scientific doctrine of causality, it is noticed that the prima facie causal authority of rational action belongs to a macroscopic domain in which all science and philosophy takes place and in which the formal/telic nature of that causality must be taken for granted. Any philosophical justification or philosophical criticism of the status of that macroscopic arena must therefore take (...)
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  3.  32
    Karl-Dieter Opp (2013). Norms and Rationality. Is Moral Behavior a Form of Rational Action? Theory and Decision 74 (3):383-409.
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  4.  75
    Jie Gao (forthcoming). Rational Action Without Knowledge (and Vice Versa). Synthese:1-17.
    It has been argued recently that knowledge is the norm of practical reasoning. This norm can be formulated as a bi-conditional: it is appropriate to treat p as a reason for acting if and only if you know that p. Other proposals replace knowledge with warranted or justified belief. This paper gives counter-examples of both directions of any such bi-conditional. To the left-to-right direction: scientists can appropriately treat as reasons for action propositions of a theory they believe to be (...)
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  5.  7
    Nikolaj Jang Lee Linding Pedersen (forthcoming). Non-Rational Action in the Face of Disagreement: An Argument Against Non-Conformism. Synthese:1-32.
    Recently there has been a surge of interest in the intersection between epistemology and action theory, especially in principles linking rationality in thought and rationality in action. Recently there has also been a surge of interest in the epistemic significance of perceived peer disagreement: what, epistemically speaking, is the rational response in light of disagreement with someone whom one regards as an epistemic peer? The objective of this paper is to explore these two issues—separately, but also in (...)
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  6. Robert Audi (1990). Weakness of Will and Rational Action. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 68 (3):270 – 281.
    Weakness of will has been widely discussed from at least three points of view. It has been examined historically, with Aristotle recently occupying centre stage. It has been analysed conceptually, with the question of its nature and possibility in the forefront. It has been considered normatively in relation to both rational action and moral character. My concern is not historical and is only secondarily conceptual: while I hope to clarify what constitutes weakness of will, I presuppose, rather than (...)
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  7.  45
    John A. Lambie (2009). Emotion Experience, Rational Action, and Self-Knowledge. Emotion Review 1 (3):272-280.
    This article examines the role of emotion experience in both rational action and self-knowledge. A key distinction is made between emotion experiences of which we are unaware, and those of which we are aware. The former motivate action and color our view of the world, but they do not do so in a rational way, and their nonreflective nature obscures self-understanding. The article provides arguments and evidence to support the view that emotion experiences contribute to (...) action only if one is appropriately aware of them (because only then does one have the capacity to inhibit one's emotional reactions). Furthermore, it is argued that awareness of emotion increases self-knowledge because it is a source of information about our biases. (shrink)
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  8.  46
    Jan van Eijck, Collective Rational Action: Is It Possible?
    Individual rational action consists of (i) knowing what you want, (ii) taking proper steps to approach what you want as closely as possible, within the confines of the law. This one can learn, although some people are more skilled in it than others. Modern democracies are set up in such a way that they leave as much room as possible for individual rational action. Education for citizenship is sometimes taken to be: getting young citizens acquainted with (...)
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  9.  47
    Amy Peikoff (2003). Rational Action Entails Rational Desire: A Critical Review of Searle's Rationality in Action. Philosophical Explorations 6 (2):124 – 138.
    In this paper I contest Searle's thesis that desire-independent reasons for action - 'reasons that are binding on a rational agent, regardless of desires and dispositions in his motivational set' - are inherent in the concept of rationality. Following Searle's procedure, I first address his argument that altruistic reasons for action inhere in the concept of rationality, and then examine his argument for his more general thesis. I conclude that a viable theory of rational action (...)
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  10.  17
    Stephan Fuchs (1993). Against Essentialism in Theories of Rational Action: A Reply to Raymond Boudon. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 7 (1):37 – 39.
    (1993). Against essentialism in theories of rational action: A reply to Raymond Boudon. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science: Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 37-39.
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  11. Fernando Martínez Manrique (2009). Emotion, Modularity and Rational Action. Universitas Philosophica 52.
    Contemporary theories of emotion view it as related to rational action. This paper begins stating two ways in which a system could be deemed rational, which I call the contributive and constitutive way. I assess the possibility whether emotion can be rational in both ways, as a system capable of producing rational action by itself. To this end I analyze the modular view of emotion, especially in a version of dual-system theory. I will argue (...)
     
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  12.  50
    Randolph Clarke (1997). On the Possibility of Rational Free Action. Philosophical Studies 88 (1):37-57.
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  13.  21
    Vishnu Sridharan (2014). Rational Action and Moral Ownership. Neuroethics 7 (2):195-203.
    In exploring the impact of cognitive science findings on compatibilist theories of moral responsibility such as Fischer and Ravizza’s, most attention has focused on whether agents are, in fact, responsive to reasons. In doing so, however, we have largely ignored our improved understanding of agents’ epistemic access to their reasons for acting. The “ownership” component of Fischer and Ravizza’s theory depends on agents being able to see the causal efficacy of their conscious deliberation. Cognitive science studies make clear that a (...)
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  14.  17
    György Gergely & Gergely Csibra (2003). Teleological Reasoning in Infancy: The Naı̈ve Theory of Rational Action. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (7):287-292.
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  15.  9
    Laura C. Dunham (2010). From Rational to Wise Action: Recasting Our Theories of Entrepreneurship. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 92 (4):513 - 530.
    In this article, I argue that if we challenge some tacit assumptions of narrow rationality that endure in much of entrepreneurial studies, we can elevate entrepreneurial ethics beyond mere external constraints on rational action, and move toward fuller integration of ethics as an intrinsic part of the process of value creation itself. To this end, I propose the concept of practical wisdom as a framework for exploring entrepreneurial decision making and action that can broaden the scope of (...)
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  16.  72
    Carlo Jaeger (ed.) (2001). Risk, Uncertainty, and Rational Action. Earthscan.
    Winner of the 2000-2002 outstanding publication award of the Section on Environment and Technology of the American Sociological Association.Risk as we now know ...
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  17.  63
    Paul Tappenden (2011). Expectancy and Rational Action Prior to Personal Fission. Philosophical Studies 153 (2):299 - 306.
    Some analyses of personal fission suggest that an informed subject should expect to have a distinct experience of each outcome simultaneously. Is rational provision for the future possible in such unfamiliar circumstances? I argue that, with some qualification, the subject can reasonably act as if faced with alternative possible outcomes with precise probabilities rather than multiple actual outcomes.
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  18.  99
    J. David Velleman (1993). The Story of Rational Action. Philosophical Topics 21 (1):229-254.
    Decision theory comprises, first, a mathematical formalization of the relations among value, belief, and preference; and second, a set of prescriptions for rational preference. Both aspects of the theory are embodied in a single mathematical proof. The problem in the foundations of decision theory is to explain how elements of one and the same proof can serve both functions. I hope to solve this problem in a way that anchors the decision-theoretic norms of rational preference in fundamental intuitions (...)
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  19.  40
    Eric Wiland (2000). Good Advice and Rational Action. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 60 (3):561-569.
    This paper launches a new criticism of Michael Smith’s advice model of internalism. Whereas Robert Neal Johnson argues that Smith’s advice model collapses into the example model of internalism, the author contends that taking advice seriously pushes us instead toward some version of externalism. The advice model of internalism misportrays the logic of accepting advice. Agents do not have epistemic access to what their fully rational selves would advise them to do, and so it is necessary for a model (...)
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  20. T. R. Harrison (2010). Rational Action. Cambridge University Press.
    This volume is concerned with the concept of rationality and the interrelations between rationality, belief and desire in the explanation and evaluation of human action. The book is conceived and structured to represent some of the most important general differences of approach to these problems, and also to connect them with problems about the relation of individual to social behaviour which are of central interest to historians, social theorists and economists as well as to philosophers. The essays have all (...)
     
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  21.  1
    Joseph Heath (2003). Communicative Action and Rational Choice. The MIT Press.
    In this book Joseph Heath brings Jürgen Habermas's theory of communicative action into dialogue with the most sophisticated articulation of the instrumental conception of practical rationality-modern rational choice theory. Heath begins with an overview of Habermas's action theory and his critique of decision and game theory. He then offers an alternative to Habermas's use of speech act theory to explain social order and outlines a multidimensional theory of rational action that includes (...)
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  22.  1
    György Gergely & Gergely Csibra (1997). Teleological Reasoning in Infancy: The Infant's Naive Theory of Rational Action: A Reply to Premack and Premack. Cognition 63 (2):227-233.
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  23. Duncan MacIntosh (1988). Libertarian Agency and Rational Morality: Action-Theoretic Objections to Gauthier's Dispositional Soution of the Compliance Problem. Southern Journal of Philosophy 26 (4):499-525.
    David Gauthier thinks agents facing a prisoner's dilemma ('pd') should find it rational to dispose themselves to co-operate with those inclined to reciprocate (i.e., to acquire a constrained maximizer--'cm'--disposition), and to co-operate with other 'cmers'. Richmond Campbell argues that since dominance reasoning shows it remains to the agent's advantage to defect, his co-operation is only rational if cm "determines" him to co-operate, forcing him not to cheat. I argue that if cm "forces" the agent to co-operate, he is (...)
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  24.  28
    Kristen R. Monroe, Michael C. Barton & Ute Klingemann (1990). Altruism and the Theory of Rational Action: Rescuers of Jews in Nazi Europe. Ethics 101 (1):103-122.
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  25.  38
    Carl G. Hempel (1961). Rational Action. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 35:5 - 23.
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  26.  23
    Patrick Maher (1986). The Irrelevance of Belief to Rational Action. Erkenntnis 24 (3):363 - 384.
  27.  2
    György Gergely & Gergely Csibra (1997). Teleological Reasoning in Infancy: The Infant's Naive Theory of Rational Action. Cognition 63 (2):227-233.
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  28.  67
    Robert Audi (1990). An Internalist Conception of Rational Action. Philosophical Perspectives 4:227-245.
  29.  20
    Robert Audi (1972). Psychoanalytic Explanation and the Concept of Rational Action. The Monist 56 (3):444-464.
  30.  16
    Gilbert Harman (1983). Rational Action and the Extent of Intentions. Social Theory and Practice 9 (2/3):123-141.
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  31.  18
    R. B. Brandt (1983). The Concept of Rational Action. Social Theory and Practice 9 (2-3):143-164.
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  32.  7
    Ian H. Angus (1979). Toward a Phenomenology of Rational Action. Man and World 12 (3):298-321.
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  33.  12
    R. B. Brandt (1983). The Concept of Rational Action. Social Theory and Practice 9 (2/3):143-164.
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  34.  13
    Roderick M. Chisholm (1983). Two Dimensions of Rational Action. Social Theory and Practice 9 (2/3):223-229.
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  35.  41
    Ross Harrison (ed.) (1979). Rational Action: Studies in Philosophy and Social Science. Cambridge University Press.
    This volume is concerned with the concept of rationality and the interrelations between rationality, belief and desire in the explanation and evaluation of ...
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  36.  13
    J. David Velleman (1993). The Story of Rational Action. Philosophical Topics 21 (1):229-254.
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  37.  37
    Kai Nielsen (1972). Ethical Egoism and Rational Action. Journal of Philosophy 64 (20):698-700.
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  38. Margaret Urban Coyne (1984). Role and Rational Action. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 14 (3):259–275.
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  39.  6
    Michael H. Robins (1984). Practical Reasoning, Commitment, and Rational Action. American Philosophical Quarterly 21 (1):55 - 68.
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  40.  19
    Alexander Broadie (1974). Aristotle on Rational Action. Phronesis 19 (1):70 - 80.
  41.  12
    Ronald E. Beanblossom (1971). Walton on Rational Action. Mind 80 (318):278-281.
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  42.  3
    W. Watts Miller (1982). Rational Action. Philosophical Studies 29:351-353.
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  43. Bw Price (1991). Gert, Bernard Analysis of Rational Action-Comment. Ethics 102 (1):110-116.
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  44.  6
    Bruce W. Price (1991). Comment on Bernard Gert's Analysis of Rational Action. Ethics 102 (1):110-116.
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  45.  9
    K. A. Walton (1967). Rational Action. Mind 76 (304):537-547.
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  46.  5
    William K. Frankena (1983). Concepts of Rational Action in the History of Ethics. Social Theory and Practice 9 (2/3):165-197.
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  47.  5
    Milan Zafirovski (1999). The 'Unbearable Lightness' of the Economic Approach to Economic Behavior in the Social Setting: Rational Action and the Sociology of the Economy. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 29 (3):301–334.
  48.  4
    Roger Trigg (1980). Rational Action: Studies in Philosophy and Social Science Edited by Ross Harrison Cambridge University Press, 1979, Xii + 176 Pp., £8.75. [REVIEW] Philosophy 55 (214):559-.
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  49.  4
    Alexander Broadie (1974). Aristotle on Rational Action. Phronesis 19 (1):70-80.
  50. Melissa Barry (2007). Realism, Rational Action, and the Humean Theory of Motivation. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 10 (3):231-242.
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