Search results for 'Rational behavior' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  85
    Stuart Rachels (2009). On Three Alleged Theories of Rational Behavior. Utilitas 21 (4):506-520.
    What behavior is rational? It’s rational to act ethically, some think. Others endorse instrumentalism — it is rational to pursue one’s goals. Still others say that acting rationally always involves promoting one’s self-interest. Many philosophers have given each of these answers. But these answers don’t really conflict; they aren’t vying to describe some shared concept or to solve some mutually acknowledged problem. In so far as this is debated, it is a pseudo-debate. The different uses of (...)
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  2.  6
    Guido A. Rossi (1994). Rational Behaviour: A Comparison Between the Theory Stemming From de Finetti's Work and Some Other Leading Theories. Theory and Decision 36 (3):257-275.
  3.  88
    Nick Chater & Mike Oaksford (2000). The Rational Analysis of Mind and Behavior. Synthese 122 (1-2):93-131.
    Rational analysis (Anderson 1990, 1991a) is an empiricalprogram of attempting to explain why the cognitive system isadaptive, with respect to its goals and the structure of itsenvironment. We argue that rational analysis has two importantimplications for philosophical debate concerning rationality. First,rational analysis provides a model for the relationship betweenformal principles of rationality (such as probability or decisiontheory) and everyday rationality, in the sense of successfulthought and action in daily life. Second, applying the program ofrational analysis to research (...)
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  4.  35
    Karl-Dieter Opp (2013). Norms and Rationality. Is Moral Behavior a Form of Rational Action? Theory and Decision 74 (3):383-409.
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  5. Louis M. Herman (2006). Intelligence and Rational Behaviour in the Bottle-Nosed Dolphin. In Susan Hurley & Matthew Nudds (eds.), Rational Animals? OUP Oxford
     
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  6.  7
    Daniel John Zizzo (2000). Implicit Learning of (Boundedly) Rational Behaviour. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):700-701.
    Stanovich & West's target article undervalues the power of implicit learning (particularly reinforcement learning). Implicit learning may allow the learning of more rational responses–and sometimes even generalisation of knowledge–in contexts where explicit, abstract knowledge proves only of limited value, such as for economic decision-making. Four other comments are made.
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  7.  57
    John Harsanyi (1977). Morality and the Theory of Rational Behavior. Social Research 44.
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  8. Theodore Mischel (1965). Concerning Rational Behaviour and Psycho-Analytic Explanation. Mind 74 (293):71-78.
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  9. Antony Flew (1959). Determinism and Rational Behaviour. Mind 68 (271):377-382.
  10. Peter Alexander (1962). Rational Behaviour and Psychoanalytic Explanation. Mind 71 (283):326-341.
  11.  33
    John C. Harsanyi (1980). Rule Utilitarianism, Rights, Obligations and the Theory of Rational Behavior. Theory and Decision 12 (2):115-133.
  12. M. C. Jensen (2008). Non-Rational Behaviour, Value Conflicts, Stakeholder Theory, and Firm Behaviour. Business Ethics Quarterly 18 (2):167-171.
     
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  13.  16
    Klemens Szaniawski (1974). Sociology and Models of Rational Behavior. Dialectics and Humanism 1 (2):133-144.
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  14.  13
    John C. Harsanyi (1972). Notes on the so-Called Incompleteness Problem and on the Proposed Alternative Concept of Rational Behavior. Theory and Decision 2 (4):342-352.
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  15.  7
    D. E. B. Pollard (1982). Rational Behaviour and Bargaining Equilibrium in Games and Social Situations. Philosophical Studies 29:354-355.
  16.  9
    Philip M. Barnett (1983). Rational Behavior in Bargaining Situations. Noûs 17 (4):621-635.
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  17.  8
    Peter Krausser (1968). Dilthey's Revolution in the Theory of the Structure of Scientific Inquiry and Rational Behavior. Review of Metaphysics 22 (2):262 - 280.
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  18.  8
    J. C. Mackenzie (1968). Prescriptivism and Rational Behaviour. Philosophical Quarterly 18 (73):310-319.
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  19. Ahmed Jamal Anwar (2006). Rational Behaviour: A Review of the Requirements of Instrumental Rationality. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Progress 39:11.
     
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  20. George Katona (1953). Rational Behavior and Economic Behavior. Psychological Review 60 (5):307-318.
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  21. A. C. Michalos (1982). Rational Behavior and Bargaining Equilibrium in Games and Social Situations. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 12 (4):444-445.
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  22. K. E. Stanovich, R. F. West & D. J. Zizzo (2000). Individual Differences in Reasoning: Implications for the Rationality Debate?-Open Peer Commentary-Implicit Learning of (Boundedly) Rational Behaviour. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):700-700.
     
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  23.  5
    Ivan Moscati & Paola Tubaro (2011). Becker Random Behavior and the as-If Defense of Rational Choice Theory in Demand Analysis. Journal of Economic Methodology 18 (2):107-128.
    In discussing rational choice theory (RCT) as an explanation of demand behavior, Becker (1962, Journal of Political Economy, 70, 1?13) proposed a model of random choice in which consumers pick a bundle on their budget line according to a uniform distribution. This model has then been used in various ways to assess the validity of RCT and to support as-if arguments in defense of it. This paper makes both historical and methodological contributions. Historically, it investigates how the interpretation (...)
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  24.  19
    Michael L. Anderson, The Origins of Collective Overvaluation: Irrational Exuberance Emerges From Simple, Honest and Rational Individual Behavior.
    The generation of value bubbles is an inherently psychological and social process, where information sharing and individual decisions can affect representations of value. Bubbles occur in many domains, from the stock market, to the runway, to the laboratories of science. Here we seek to understand how psychological and social processes lead representations (i.e., expectations) of value to become divorced from the inherent value, using asset bubbles as an example. We hypothesize that simple asset group switching rules can give rise to (...)
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  25. Raymond A. DiGiuseppe, Kristene A. Doyle, Windy Dryden & Wouter Backx (2013). A Practitioner's Guide to Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy. Oxford University Press Usa.
    Extensively updated to include clinical findings over the last two decades, this third edition of A Practitioner's Guide to Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy reviews the philosophy, theory, and clinical practice of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy. This model is based on the work of Albert Ellis, who had an enormous influence on the field of psychotherapy over his 50 years of practice and scholarly writing. Designed for both therapists-in-training and seasoned professionals, this practical treatment manual and guide introduces (...)
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  26. Nick Chater, Mike Oaksford, Ramin Nakisa & Martin Redington (2003). Fast, Frugal, and Rational: How Rational Norms Explain Behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 90 (1):63-86.
    Much research on judgment and decision making has focussed on the adequacy of classical rationality as a description of human reasoning. But more recently it has been argued that classical rationality should also be rejected even as normative standards for human reasoning. For example, Gigerenzer and Goldstein and Gigerenzer and Todd argue that reasoning involves “fast and frugal” algorithms which are not justified by rational norms, but which succeed in the environment. They provide three lines of argument for this (...)
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  27.  5
    Milan Zafirovski (1999). The 'Unbearable Lightness' of the Economic Approach to Economic Behavior in the Social Setting: Rational Action and the Sociology of the Economy. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 29 (3):301–334.
  28.  22
    Ernest Adams (1962). Models of Man, Social and Rational: Mathematical Essays on Rational Human Behavior in a Social Setting. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 59 (7):177-182.
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  29.  12
    Craig R. M. McKenzie (2003). Rational Models as Theories – Not Standards – of Behavior. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (9):403-406.
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  30.  3
    Herbert A. Simon (1962). Models of Man, Social and Rational: Mathematical Essays on Rational Human Behavior in a Social Setting. Journal of Philosophy 59 (7):177-182.
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  31.  6
    George Loewenstein (2000). As Economists, We Should Have Been Disturbed by My Friend's Comment Because There is No Place for Willpower in Economics or Rational Choice Theory. Economists and Others Who Embrace the Decision-Making Perspective See Behavior as a Matter of Simply. Law and Philosophy 19:51-76.
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  32.  6
    Richard H. Day (1971). Rational Choice and Economic Behavior. Theory and Decision 1 (3):229-251.
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  33.  14
    Laurence Thomas (1988). Moral Behavior and Rational Creatures of the Universe. The Monist 71 (1):59-71.
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  34.  4
    Peter L. N. Naish (1986). Hypnosis: Towards a Rational Explanation of Irrational Behaviour. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (3):476.
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  35.  7
    Donald Hatcher, Tony Brown & Kelli Gariglietti (2001). Critical Thinking and Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy. Inquiry 20 (3):6-18.
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  36.  2
    Mansoor Niaz (2000). Gases as Idealized Lattices: A Rational Reconstruction of Students' Understanding of the Behavior of Gases. Science and Education 9 (3):279-287.
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  37.  7
    Leon Felkins, A Rational Justification for Ethical Behavior.
    It has always seemed to me that the universe is a bit more diabolical than one would expect. There are just too many strange and frustrating incidents that can not be attributed to pure chance. Can there be some validity to the thousands of "Murphy's Laws" that we have heard about or been subjected to? Maybe. Murphy's Laws may not be the worst of it.
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  38. Wayne D. Gray, Chris R. Sims, Wai-Tat Fu & Michael J. Schoelles (2006). The Soft Constraints Hypothesis: A Rational Analysis Approach to Resource Allocation for Interactive Behavior. Psychological Review 113 (3):461-482.
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  39. Brad Johnson (2008). Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy and the God Image. In Glendon Moriarty & Louis Hoffman (eds.), God Image Handbook for Spiritual Counseling and Psychotherapy: Research, Theory, and Practice. Haworth Pastoral Press
     
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  40.  30
    W. S. Cooper (1989). How Evolutionary Biology Challenges the Classical Theory of Rational Choice. Biology and Philosophy 4 (4):457-481.
    A fundamental philosophical question that arises in connection with evolutionary theory is whether the fittest patterns of behavior are always the most rational. Are fitness and rationality fully compatible? When behavioral rationality is characterized formally as in classical decision theory, the question becomes mathematically meaningful and can be explored systematically by investigating whether the optimally fit behavior predicted by evolutionary process models is decision-theoretically coherent. Upon investigation, it appears that in nontrivial evolutionary models the expected behavior (...)
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  41.  70
    Yoav Shoham (2009). Logical Theories of Intention and the Database Perspective. Journal of Philosophical Logic 38 (6):633 - 647.
    While logical theories of information attitudes, such as knowledge, certainty and belief, have flourished in the past two decades, formalization of other facets of rational behavior have lagged behind significantly. One intriguing line of research concerns the concept of intention. I will discuss one approach to tackling the notion within a logical framework, based on a database perspective.
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  42.  13
    Wayne D. Gray & Wai‐Tat Fu (2004). Soft Constraints in Interactive Behavior: The Case of Ignoring Perfect Knowledge in‐the‐World for Imperfect Knowledge in‐the‐Head*,*. Cognitive Science 28 (3):359-382.
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  43. Warren A. Shibles (1978). Rational Love. Language Press.
  44. Jens Christian Bjerring, Jens Ulrik Hansen & Nikolaj Jang Lee Linding Pedersen (2014). On the Rationality of Pluralistic Ignorance. Synthese 191 (11):2445-2470.
    Pluralistic ignorance is a socio-psychological phenomenon that involves a systematic discrepancy between people’s private beliefs and public behavior in certain social contexts. Recently, pluralistic ignorance has gained increased attention in formal and social epistemology. But to get clear on what precisely a formal and social epistemological account of pluralistic ignorance should look like, we need answers to at least the following two questions: What exactly is the phenomenon of pluralistic ignorance? And can the phenomenon arise among perfectly rational (...)
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  45.  11
    Till Grüne-Yanoff & Holger Rosencrantz (2011). Beneficial Safety Decreases. Theory and Decision 70 (2):195-213.
    We construct a model of rational choice under risk with biased risk judgement. On its basis, we argue that sometimes, a regulator aiming at maximising social welfare should affect the environment in such a way that it becomes ‘less safe’ in common perception. More specifically, we introduce a bias into each agent’s choice of optimal risk levels: consequently, in certain environments, agents choose a behaviour that realises higher risks than intended. Individuals incur a welfare loss through this bias. We (...)
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  46.  3
    Shahar Ayal, Dan Zakay & Guy Hochman (2012). Deliberative Adjustments of Intuitive Anchors: The Case of Diversification Behavior. Synthese 189 (S1):131-145.
    As part of the rationality debate, we examine the impact of deliberative and intuitive thinking styles on diversity preference behavior. A sample of 230 students completed the Rational Experiential Inventory and the Diversity Preference Questionnaire, an original measure of diversification behavior in different real-life situations. In cases where no normative solution was available, we found a clear preference for diversity-seeking in the gain domain and diversity-aversion in the loss domain, regardless of cognitive thinking style. However, in cases (...)
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  47.  9
    Diego Lanzi (2010). Embedded Choices. Theory and Decision 68 (3):263-280.
    In this article, we present a contextually embedded choice theory. Using concepts and tools of poset mathematics, we show how to include in rational choice theory cultural and social effects. Specifically, we define some choice superstructures, seen as choice set transformations imposed by cultural and social norms. As we shall argue, these transformations can be of help to explain choice behavior within different contexts. Moreover, we show that, once choice superstructures are taken into account, some well-known results about (...)
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  48.  1
    Vangelis Chiotis (2015). The Morality of Economic Behaviour. The Morality of Economic Behaviour 11 (2):188-204.
    One approach to moral economy wishes to show that it is rational to be moral. As rational morality has received little attention from economics, as opposed to political philosophy, this article examines it in an economics framework. Rational morality refers primarily to individual behaviour so that one may also speak of it as moral microeconomics. When a group of agents are disposed to constrain their maximisation, that behaviour may be considered rational. However, this relies on ‘moralised’ (...)
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  49.  10
    Richard L. Lewis, Andrew Howes & Satinder Singh (2014). Computational Rationality: Linking Mechanism and Behavior Through Bounded Utility Maximization. Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (2):279-311.
    We propose a framework for including information-processing bounds in rational analyses. It is an application of bounded optimality (Russell & Subramanian, 1995) to the challenges of developing theories of mechanism and behavior. The framework is based on the idea that behaviors are generated by cognitive mechanisms that are adapted to the structure of not only the environment but also the mind and brain itself. We call the framework computational rationality to emphasize the incorporation of computational mechanism into the (...)
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  50.  78
    Gerd Gigerenzer (2010). Moral Satisficing: Rethinking Moral Behavior as Bounded Rationality. Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (3):528-554.
    What is the nature of moral behavior? According to the study of bounded rationality, it results not from character traits or rational deliberation alone, but from the interplay between mind and environment. In this view, moral behavior is based on pragmatic social heuristics rather than moral rules or maximization principles. These social heuristics are not good or bad per se, but solely in relation to the environments in which they are used. This has methodological implications for the (...)
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