Search results for 'Rationalizing' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Alan Millar, A Précis of Understanding People: Normativity and Rationalizing Explanation.
    The article provides a summary of the author's book Understanding People: Normativity and Rationalizing Explanation (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2004). It details three areas in which the notion of a normative commitment is made central. These are (1) believing and intending, (2) practices conceived as essentially rule-governed activities, and (3) meaning and concepts. An account is given of how we may best explain the commitments incurred by beliefs and intentions. It is held that those states are themselves essentially normative. A (...)
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  2.  11
    Ran Spiegler (2011). ‘But Can't We Get the Same Thing with a Standard Model?’ Rationalizing Bounded-Rationality Models. Economics and Philosophy 27 (1):23-43.
    This paper discusses a common criticism of economic models that depart from the standard rational-choice paradigm - namely, that the phenomena addressed by such models can be ???rationalized??? by some standard model. I criticize this criterion for evaluating bounded-rationality models. Using a market model with boundedly rational consumers due to Spiegler as a test case, I show that even when it initially appears that a bounded-rationality model can be rationalized by a standard model, rationalizing models tend to come with (...)
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    Adang Budiman, Amanda Roan & Victor J. Callan (2013). Rationalizing Ideologies, Social Identities and Corruption Among Civil Servants in Indonesia During the Suharto Era. Journal of Business Ethics 116 (1):139-149.
    This study investigated how the social identities assumed by individuals as part of their professional roles influence the nature and use of a range of rationalizations for their corruption or the corrupt acts of others. Thirty senior Indonesian public servants were interviewed about the causes and factors that perpetuated corruption during the Suharto era, and how they rationalized corrupt behavior within the role of being a civil servant. Findings revealed that corruption was routine and embedded in the daily activities and (...)
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  4. Angus John Louis Menuge (1989). A Causal Analysis of the Intensionality of Rationalizing Explanations. Dissertation, The University of Wisconsin - Madison
    A naturalistic theory of rationalization is defended against a fundamental objection. The theory claims that: The rationalizing relation can be fully analysed in causal explanatory terms. However, is rendered problematic by the fact that: Rationalizations exhibit a higher degree of intensionality than ordinary physical causal explanations. To show that can be maintained in the face of , I develop an account of on which and may be reconciled. ;The opening chapter gives an account of the intensionality of ordinary physical (...)
     
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  5.  84
    Alan Millar (2004). Understanding People: Normativity and Rationalizing Explanation. Oxford University Press.
    Alan Millar examines our understanding of why people think and act as they do. His key theme is that normative considerations form an indispensable part of the explanatory framework in terms of which we seek to understand each other. Millar defends a conception according to which normativity is linked to reasons. On this basis he examines the structure of certain normative commitments incurred by having propositional attitudes. Controversially, he argues that ascriptions of beliefs and intentions in and of themselves attribute (...)
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  6.  82
    Michael Brownstein (2014). Rationalizing Flow: Agency in Skilled Unreflective Action. Philosophical Studies 168 (2):545-568.
    In recent work, Peter Railton, Julia Annas, and David Velleman aim to reconcile the phenomenon of “flow”—broadly understood as describing the “unreflective” aspect of skilled action—with one or another familiar conception of agency. While there are important differences between their arguments, Railton, Annas, and Velleman all make, or are committed to, at least one similar pivotal claim. Each argues, directly or indirectly, that agents who perform skilled unreflective actions can, in principle, accurately answer “Anscombean” questions—”what” and “why” questions— about what (...)
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  7.  29
    Maarten C. W. Janssen (2001). Rationalizing Focal Points. Theory and Decision 50 (2):119-148.
    Focal points seem to be important in helping players coordinate their strategies in coordination problems. Game theory lacks, however, a formal theory of focal points. This paper proposes a theory of focal points that is based on individual rationality considerations. The two principles upon which the theory rest are the Principle of Insufficient Reason (IR) and a Principle of Individual Team Member Rationality. The way IR is modelled combines the classic notion of description symmetry and a new notion of pay-off (...)
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  8. Hamid Vahid (2010). Rationalizing Beliefs: Evidential Vs. Pragmatic Reasons. Synthese 176 (3):447-462.
    Beliefs can be evaluated from a number of perspectives. Epistemic evaluation involves epistemic standards and appropriate epistemic goals. On a truthconducive account of epistemic justification, a justified belief is one that serves the goal of believing truths and avoiding falsehoods. Beliefs are also prompted by nonepistemic reasons. This raises the question of whether, say, the pragmatic benefits of a belief are able to rationalize it. In this paper, after criticizing certain responses to this question, I shall argue that, as far (...)
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  9.  47
    Jeffrey Helzner (2013). Rationalizing Two-Tiered Choice Functions Through Conditional Choice. Synthese 190 (6):929-951.
    Set-valued choice functions provide a framework that is general enough to encompass a wide variety of theories that are significant to the study of rationality but, at the same time, offer enough structure to articulate consistency conditions that can be used to characterize some of the theories within this encompassed variety. Nonetheless, two-tiered choice functions, such as those advocated by Isaac Levi, are not easily characterized within the framework of set-valued choice functions. The present work proposes conditional choice functions as (...)
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  10.  96
    A. Morton (2006). Review: Understanding People: Normativity and Rationalizing Explanation. [REVIEW] Mind 115 (459):777-780.
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  11.  2
    Gregory J. Wawro (2006). The Rationalizing Public? Critical Review 18 (1-3):279-296.
    Rationalization is the adjustment of one's beliefs about politically relevant information, the better to fit one's political behavior or one's political attitudes. This reverses the usual causal order, in which it is assumed that people start with values, add what little factual information they have, and produce policy, partisan, or ideological “attitudes” as a result. If people actually work backwards from their political behavior to their attitudes, and from their attitudes to their beliefs about “the facts,” there are obvious and (...)
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  12.  21
    Neil C. Manson (2004). Reason Explanation a First-Order Rationalizing Account. Philosophical Explorations 7 (2):113 – 129.
    How do reason explanations explain? One view is that they require the deployment of a tacit psychological theory; another is that even if no tacit theory is involved, we must still conceive of reasons as mental states. By focusing on the subjective nature of agency, and by casting explanations as responses to 'why' questions that assuage agents' puzzlement, reason explanations can be profitably understood as part of our traffic in first-order content amongst perspectival subjects. An outline is offered of such (...)
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  13.  1
    Denis Thieffry (2001). Rationalizing Early Embryogenesis in the 1930s: Albert Dalcq on Gradients and Fields. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 34 (1):149 - 181.
    The present account aims to contribute to a better characterization of the state and the dynamics of embryological knowledge at the dawn of the molecular revolution in biology. In this study, Albert Dalcq (1893-1973) was chosen as a representative of a generation of embryologists who found themselves at the junction of two very different approaches to the study of life: the first, focusing on global properties of organisms; the second focusing on the characterization of basic molecular constituents. Though clearly belonging (...)
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  14.  2
    Scott Anderson (2009). Rationalizing Indirect Guilt. Vermont Law Review 33 (3):519-550.
  15.  43
    J. Barrett (1994). Rationalizing Explanation and Causally Relevant Mental Properties. Philosophical Studies 74 (1):77-102.
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  16.  7
    Konrad Grabiszewski (2015). Rationalizing Epistemic Bounded Rationality. Theory and Decision 78 (4):629-637.
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  17. Jaegwon Kim (1984). Self-Understanding and Rationalizing Explanations. Philosophia Naturalis 21 (2/4):309-321.
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  18.  12
    Duncan MacIntosh (1986). Commentary: Rationalizing Naturalism; On Hilary Kornblith's "Naturalizing Rationality". In Newton Garver & Peter H. Hare (eds.), Naturalism and Rationality. Prometheus Books 135-139.
  19.  7
    Ron Eyerman (1985). Rationalizing Intellectuals. Theory and Society 14 (6):777-807.
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  20.  7
    S. G. Korenman (2010). Lafleur, William R., Gernot Bohme and Susumu Shimazono, Eds. 2007. Dark Medicine: Rationalizing Unethical Medical Research: Bloomington, IND: Indiana University Press., ISBN 9780253348722, Pp. 280. [REVIEW] Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 7 (1):123-124.
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  21.  1
    Mario Kaiser (2006). Drawing the Boundaries of Nanoscience ? Rationalizing the Concerns? Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 34 (4):667-674.
    Nanotechnology as an emerging field is strongly related to visionary prospects which are disposed to reappear as dystopian concerns. As long as nanotechnology does not provide reliable criteria for assessing these worries as rational or as irrational they remain a challenge for ethical reflection. Given this underdetermination, many nanovisions and their corresponding concerns should therefore be considered as “arational.” For that reason, a “constructivist” stance is endorsed which does not seek to take part in discussions as to how ethicists should (...)
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  22.  9
    Gregor McLennan (2004). Rationalizing Musicality: A Critique of Alexander's 'Strong Program' in Cultural Sociology. Thesis Eleven 79 (1):75-86.
    This article argues that the long-standing tension in Jeffrey Alexander’s work between theoretical multidimensionality and socio-cultural idealism has intensified in his recent writings, to problematical effect. Whilst Alexander has shifted of late towards a more substantive and normative style of thinking, his new emphases continue to be grounded in arguments pitched at the general theoretical level. One of these involves a particular reading of the nature of post-positivist meta-theory today, and the other, within this, is a determined effort to distinguish (...)
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  23.  20
    E. Jensen (2008). Through Thick and Thin: Rationalizing the Public Bioethical Debate Over Therapeutic Cloning. Clinical Ethics 3 (4):194-198.
    Beauchamp and Childress (1994) elaborated an approach to bioethical deliberations based on four universalistic principles. This framework of ‘principlism’ has been criticized from within biomedical ethics as insufficient and problematic. However, this article considers a more radical sociological critique by John Evans (2002) that rejects the entire approach of defining ‘principles’ a priori. This sociological critique is based on classical sociologist Max Weber's (1925) distinction between instrumental (‘thin’) and substantive (‘thick’) rationality. As an exploratory assessment of Evans' critique, his conceptualization (...)
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  24.  15
    Alfred R. Mele (1998). Noninstrumental Rationalizing. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 79 (3):236–250.
    A central notion in Donald Davidson's philosophy of mind and action is "rationalization," a species of causal explanation designed in part to reveal the point or purpose of the explananda. An analogue of this notion - noninstrumental rationalization - merits serious attention. I develop an account of this species of rationalization and display its utility in explaining the production of certain desires and of motivationally biased beliefs.
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  25.  9
    Jeffrey B. Kaufmann, Tim West & Sue P. Ravenscroft (2005). Ethical Distancing: Rationalizing Violations of Organizational Norms. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 24 (3):101-134.
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  26.  4
    Daniel Greenberg (2005). When Economists Go to Washington, DC: Randall Lutter and Jason F. Shogren (Eds.), Painting the White House Green: Rationalizing Environmental Policy Inside the Executive Office of the President (Washington, DC: RFF Press, 2004), 201 Pp., ISBN 1-891853-73-2 (Cloth) and ISBN 1-89153-72-4 (Paper). [REVIEW] Minerva 43 (1):109-112.
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  27.  9
    David K. Henderson (1989). The Role and Limitations of Rationalizing Explanation in the Social Sciences. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 19 (2):267 - 287.
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  28.  12
    Stanley G. Korenman (2010). LaFleur, William R., Gernot Bohme and Susumu Shimazono, Eds. 2007. Dark Medicine: Rationalizing Unethical Medical Research. [REVIEW] Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 7 (1):123-124.
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  29.  11
    Stuart E. Rosenbaum (1984). A Note on the Impossibility of Rationalizing Desire. Journal of Value Inquiry 18 (1):63-67.
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  30.  9
    Jessica Price & Agnes Binagwaho (2010). From Medical Rationing to Rationalizing the Use of Human Resources for Aids Care and Treatment in Africa: A Case for Task Shifting. Developing World Bioethics 10 (2):99-103.
    With a global commitment to scaling up AIDS care and treatment in resource-poor settings for some of the most HIV-affected countries in Africa, availability of antiretroviral treatment is no longer the principal obstacle to expanding access to treatment. A shortage of trained healthcare personnel to initiate treatment and manage patients represents a more challenging barrier to offering life-saving treatment to all patients in need. Physician-centered treatment policies accentuate this challenge. Despite evidence that task shifting for nurse-centered AIDS patient care is (...)
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  31.  10
    Hallvard Lillehammer (2005). Review of Alan Millar, Understanding People: Normativity and Rationalizing Explanation. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2005 (8).
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  32.  3
    P. H. Brazier (2015). C.S. Lewis on Atonement: A Unified Model and Event, the Drama of Redemption—Understanding and Rationalizing the Tradition. Heythrop Journal 56 (2):285-305.
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  33.  2
    Steven G. Crowell & Christian J. Emden (2012). Georgina Born is Professor of Music and Anthropology at the University of Oxford. Previously, She Was Professor of Sociology, Anthropology, and Music at the University of Cambridge. Honorary Professor of Anthropol-Ogy at University College London and a Fellow of the Center for Cultural Sociology at Yale University, She is the Author of Rationalizing Culture. [REVIEW] In Christian Emden & David R. Midgley (eds.), Beyond Habermas: Democracy, Knowledge, and the Public Sphere. Berghahn Books 218.
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  34.  6
    Michelle M. Mello (2008). Rationalizing Vaccine Injury Compensation. Bioethics 22 (1):32–42.
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  35.  4
    Jerzy Topolski (2011). The Directive of Rationalizing Human Actions. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 97 (1):121-136.
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  36.  4
    Joanne Godley (2009). Review of William R. LaFleur, Gernot Bohme, and Susumu Shimazono, Eds., Dark Medicine: Rationalizing Unethical Medical Research. [REVIEW] American Journal of Bioethics 9 (8):73-74.
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  37.  3
    David K. Henderson (1991). Rationalizing Explanation, Normative Principles, and Descriptive Generalizations. Behavior and Philosophy 19 (1):1 - 20.
  38. Joseph Agassi (2007). Rationalizing the Historiography of Science. Nuova Civiltà Delle Macchine 25 (2).
     
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  39. A. G. Carmichael (2006). David Shumway Jones. Rationalizing Epidemics: Meanings and Uses of American Indian Mortality Since 1600. Early Science and Medicine 11 (2):244.
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  40. Philippe Fontaine (2004). S. M. Amadae.Rationalizing Capitalist Democracy: The Cold War Origins of Rational Choice Liberalism. Xii + 401 Pp., Bibl., Index. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003. £13.50, $19. [REVIEW] Isis 95 (3):524-525.
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  41. Mario Kaiser (2006). Drawing the Boundaries of Nanoscience? Rationalizing the Concerns? Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (4):667-674.
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  42. J. Matthews (1997). Rationalizing Medical Work: Decision-Support Techniques and Medical Practices by Marc Berg. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 88:737-738.
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  43. J. Rosser Matthews (1997). Rationalizing Medical Work: Decision-Support Techniques and Medical PracticesMarc Berg. Isis 88 (4):737-738.
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  44. R. Maulitz (2000). Rationalizing Medical Work: Decision-Support Techniques and Medical Practices. Knowledge, Technology & Policy 13 (1):112-113.
     
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  45. Alan Millar (2008). Understanding People: Normativity and Rationalizing Explanation. Oxford University Press Uk.
    Alan Millar examines our understanding of why people think and act as they do. His key theme is that normative considerations form an indispensable part of the explanatory framework which we use to understand each other. Millar offers illuminating discussions of reasons for belief and reasons for action, the explanation of beliefs and actions in terms of the subject's reasons, the idea that simulation has a key role in understanding people, and the limits of explanation in terms of propositional attitudes.
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  46. Felicitas Opwis (2011). Shifting Legal Authority From the Ruler to the ῾Ulamā᾿: Rationalizing the Punishment for Drinking Wine During the Saljūq Period. Der Islam: Journal of the History and Culture of the Middle East 86 (1).
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  47. Brendan O'Sullivan & Robert Schroer (2012). Painful Reasons: Representationalism as a Theory of Pain. Philosophical Quarterly 62 (249):737-758.
    It is widely thought that functionalism and the qualia theory are better positioned to accommodate the ‘affective’ aspect of pain phenomenology than representationalism. In this paper, we attempt to overturn this opinion by raising problems for both functionalism and the qualia theory on this score. With regard to functionalism, we argue that it gets the order of explanation wrong: pain experience gives rise to the effects it does because it hurts, and not the other way around. With regard to the (...)
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  48.  17
    Lex Donaldson (2008). Ethics Problems and Problems with Ethics: Toward a Pro-Management Theory. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 78 (3):299 - 311.
    The move towards having more teaching of business ethics comes in part from a tendency to view managers negatively, drawing on anti-management theories that are presently popular in business schools. This can lead to a misdiagnosis of the causes of contemporary business problems. Teaching business ethics can, however, be ineffectual and counter-productive. Education in ethical philosophy can lead managers to be indecisive, sceptical or to rationalize poor conduct. The ethics of academics become salient and lapses in them undercut their claims (...)
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  49. Rosalind Hursthouse (1991). Arational Actions. Journal of Philosophy 88 (2):57-68.
    According to the standard account of actions and their explanations, intentional actions are actions done because the agent has a certain desire/belief pair that explains the action by rationalizing it. Any explanation of intentional action in terms of an appetite or occurrent emotion is hence assumed to be elliptical, implicitly appealing to some appropriate belief. In this paper, I challenge this assumption with respect to the " arational " actions of my title---a significant subset of the set of intentional (...)
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  50. R. Beau Lotto (2002). The Empirical Basis of Color Perception. Consciousness and Cognition 11 (4):609-629.
    Rationalizing the perceptual effects of spectral stimuli has been a major challenge in vision science for at least the last 200 years. Here we review evidence that this otherwise puzzling body of phenomenology is generated by an empirical strategy of perception in which the color an observer sees is entirely determined by the probability distribution of the possible sources of the stimulus. The rationale for this strategy in color vision, as in other visual perceptual domains, is the inherent ambiguity (...)
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