Search results for 'Ray Hilborn' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  23
    Ray Hilborn & Stephen C. Stearns (1982). On Inference in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology: The Problem of Multiple Causes. Acta Biotheoretica 31 (3):145-164.
    If one investigates a process that has several causes but assumes that it has only one cause, one risks ruling out important causal factors. Three mechanisms account for this mistake: either the significance of the single cause under test is masked by noise contributed by the unsuspected and uncontrolled factors, or the process appears only when two or more causes interact, or the process appears when there are present any of a number of sufficient causes which are not mutally exclusive. (...)
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  2. Satyajit Ray & Shyam Benegal (2013). Satyajit Ray on Cinema. Columbia University Press.
    Spanning forty years of Ray's career, these essays, for the first time collected in one volume, present the filmmaker's reflections on the art and craft of the cinematic medium and include his thoughts on sentimentalism, mass culture, ...
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  3.  7
    Roger D. Ray (2011). CyberRat, Interbehavioral Systems Analysis, and a “Turing Test” Trilogy. Behavior and Philosophy 39 (40):203-301.
    This monograph introduces the functional characteristics and conceptual significance of a simulation software system called CyberRat (Ray, 1996a, 2003a, 2012a, 2012b). CyberRat expands upon prior illustrations (Ray & Delprato, 1989; Ray, 1992) of how such computer-based simulations can serve to formatively enhance, and eventually validate, the descriptive research methodology upon which their development relies. To illustrate this process I also review highlights of previous publications (cf. Ray & Brown, 1975, 1976; Ray & Delprato, 1989), detailing the unique research methodology used (...)
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  4.  17
    Christopher Ray (1991). Time, Space, and Philosophy. Routledge.
    Ray examines the central questions that arise from the ideas of Einstein, Leibniz and Newton.
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  5. Christopher Ray (2014). Time, Space and Philosophy. Routledge.
    This book provides a comprehensive, up-to-date and accessible introduction to the philosophy of space and time. Ray considers in detail the central questions of space and time which arizse from the ideas of Zeno, Newton, Mach, Leibniz and Einstein. _Time, Space and Philosophy_ extends the debate in many areas:absolute simultaneity is examined as well as black holes, the big bang and even time travel. _Time, Space and Philosophy_ will be invaluable to the student of philosophy and science and will be (...)
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  6. Christopher Ray (2002). Time, Space and Philosophy. Routledge.
    This book provides a comprehensive, up-to-date and accessible introduction to the philosophy of space and time. Ray considers in detail the central questions of space and time which arizse from the ideas of Zeno, Newton, Mach, Leibniz and Einstein. _Time, Space and Philosophy_ extends the debate in many areas:absolute simultaneity is examined as well as black holes, the big bang and even time travel. _Time, Space and Philosophy_ will be invaluable to the student of philosophy and science and will be (...)
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  7. Yoshitaka Yamamoto, Oliver Ray & Katsumi Inoue (2008). Towards a Logical Reconstruction of CF-Induction. In Satoh (ed.), New Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence. Springer 330--343.
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  8. Oliver Ray (2007). Automated Abduction in Scientific Discovery. In L. Magnani & P. Li (eds.), Model-Based Reasoning in Science, Technology, and Medicine. Springer 103--116.
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  9. Larry Ray (1988). Reviews : Joan Busfield, Managing Madness: Changing Ideas and Practice London: Hutchinson, 1986; Hardback £25; 406 Pp. [REVIEW] History of the Human Sciences 1 (1):126-129.
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  10. J. Ray (1980). Libertarians and the Authoritarian Personality. Journal of Libertarian Studies 4 (1):39-43.
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  11. Susan L. Ray (2006). Whistleblowing and Organizational Ethics. Nursing Ethics 13 (4):438-445.
    The purpose of this article is to discuss an external whistleblowing event that occurred after all internal whistleblowing through the hierarchy of the organization had failed. It is argued that an organization that does not support those that whistle blow because of violation of professional standards is indicative of a failure of organizational ethics. Several ways to build an ethics infrastructure that could reduce the need to resort to external whistleblowing are discussed. A relational ethics approach is presented as a (...)
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  12.  82
    Rabindra Ray (1994). Deciphering India. Thesis Eleven 39 (1):86-92.
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  13. Darby Kathleen Ray (forthcoming). Book Review: Life Abundant: Rethinking Theology and Economy for A Planet in Peril. [REVIEW] Interpretation 55 (3):332-333.
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  14. Artur S. D’Avila Garcez, Dov M. Gabbay, Oliver Ray & John Woods (2007). Abductive Reasoning in Neural-Symbolic Systems. Topoi 26 (1):37-49.
    Abduction is or subsumes a process of inference. It entertains possible hypotheses and it chooses hypotheses for further scrutiny. There is a large literature on various aspects of non-symbolic, subconscious abduction. There is also a very active research community working on the symbolic (logical) characterisation of abduction, which typically treats it as a form of hypothetico-deductive reasoning. In this paper we start to bridge the gap between the symbolic and sub-symbolic approaches to abduction. We are interested in benefiting from developments (...)
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  15. Greg Ray (1996). Logical Consequence: A Defense of Tarski. Journal of Philosophical Logic 25 (6):617 - 677.
    In his classic 1936 essay "On the Concept of Logical Consequence", Alfred Tarski used the notion of satisfaction to give a semantic characterization of the logical properties. Tarski is generally credited with introducing the model-theoretic characterization of the logical properties familiar to us today. However, in his book, The Concept of Logical Consequence, Etchemendy argues that Tarski's account is inadequate for quite a number of reasons, and is actually incompatible with the standard model-theoretic account. Many of his criticisms are meant (...)
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  16. Kirk Ludwig & Greg Ray (2002). Vagueness And The Sorites Paradox. Noûs 36 (s16):419-461.
    A sorites argument is a symptom of the vagueness of the predicate with which it is constructed. A vague predicate admits of at least one dimension of variation (and typically more than one) in its intended range along which we are at a loss when to say the predicate ceases to apply, though we start out confident that it does. It is this feature of them that the sorites arguments exploit. Exactly how is part of the subject of this paper. (...)
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  17.  66
    Mark Jensen, Alexander P. Cox, Naveed Chaudhry, Marcus Ng, Donat Sule Ray, William Duncan, Patrick, Bianca Weinstock-Guttman, Barry Smith, Alan Ruttenberg, Kinga Szigeti & Alexander D. Diehl (2013). The Neurological Disease Ontology. Journal of Biomedical Semantics 4 (42).
    We are developing the Neurological Disease Ontology (ND) to provide a framework to enable representation of aspects of neurological diseases that are relevant to their treatment and study. ND is a representational tool that addresses the need for unambiguous annotation, storage, and retrieval of data associated with the treatment and study of neurological diseases. ND is being developed in compliance with the Open Biomedical Ontology Foundry principles and builds upon the paradigm established by the Ontology for General Medical Science (OGMS) (...)
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  18.  34
    Kimford J. Meador, P. G. Ray, J. R. Echauz, D. W. Loring & G. J. Vachtsevanos (2002). Gamma Coherence and Conscious Perception. Neurology 59 (6):847-854.
  19. Greg Ray (1995). Thinking in L. Noûs 29 (3):378-396.
    Stephen Schiffer has argued that natural languages do not have compositional semantics. But it has been widely held that compositional semantics is required in order to explain how it is possible that we have the linguistic capacities that we do. In particular, our use of natural languages is productive in the sense that there are indefinitely many sentences that we have never heard or considered before, but which we are nonetheless capable of understanding. How is this possible? Compositionality evidently supplies (...)
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  20.  47
    Kirk Ludwig & Greg Ray (1998). Semantics for Opaque Contexts. Philosophical Perspectives 12 (S12):141--66.
    In this paper, we outline an approach to giving extensional truth-theoretic semantics for what have traditionally been seen as opaque sentential contexts. We outline an approach to providing a compositional truth-theoretic semantics for opaque contexts which does not require quantifying over intensional entities of any kind, and meets standard objections to such accounts. The account we present aims to meet the following desiderata on a semantic theory T for opaque contexts: (D1) T can be formulated in a first-order extensional language; (...)
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  21.  2
    Robyn Plunkett, Beverly D. Leipert & Susan L. Ray (2013). Unspoken Phenomena: Using the Photovoice Method to Enrich Phenomenological Inquiry. Nursing Inquiry 20 (2):156-164.
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  22.  52
    Brenda Ray, Colin Jackson, Elizabeth Ducat, Ann Ho, Sara Hamon & Mary Jeanne Kreek (2011). Effect of Ethnicity, Gender and Drug Use History on Achieving High Rates of Affirmative Informed Consent for Genetics Research: Impact of Sharing with a National Repository. Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (6):374-379.
    Aim Genetic research representative of the population is crucial to understanding the underlying causes of many diseases. In a prospective evaluation of informed consent we assessed the willingness of individuals of different ethnicities, gender and drug dependence history to participate in genetic studies in which their genetic sample could be shared with a repository at the National Institutes of Health. Methods Potential subjects were recruited from the general population through the use of flyers and referrals from previous participants and clinicians (...)
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  23.  18
    Matthew Ray (2000). Gilles Deleuze. The Philosophers' Magazine 12 (12):61-61.
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  24.  47
    O. W. Greenberg & Robert C. Hilborn (1999). The Relation of Constraints on Particle Statistics for Different Species of Particles. Foundations of Physics 29 (3):397-407.
    Quons are particles characterized by the parameter q, which permits smooth interpolation between Bose and Fermi statistics; q = 1 gives bosons, q = -1 gives fermions. In this paper we give a heuristic argument for an extension of conservation of statistics to quons with trilinear couplings of the form ffb, where f is fermion-like and b is boson-like. We show that q f 2 = qb. In particular, we relate the bound on qγ for photons to the bound on (...)
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  25.  15
    David Matsumoto, Theodora Consolacion, Hiroshi Yamada, Ryuta Suzuki, Brenda Franklin, Sunita Paul, Rebecca Ray & Hideko Uchida (2002). American-Japanese Cultural Differences in Judgements of Emotional Expressions of Different Intensities. Cognition and Emotion 16 (6):721-747.
  26.  31
    Leo Obrst, Patrick Cassidy, Steve Ray, Barry Smith, Dagobert Soergel, Matthew West & Peter Yim (2006). The 2006 Upper Ontology Summit Joint Communiqué. Applied Ontology 1 (2):203-211.
    On March 14-15, 2006, at the US National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in Gaithersburg, MD there took place the first Upper Ontology Summit (UOS). This was a convening of custodians of several prominent upper ontologies, key technology participants, and interested other parties, with the purpose of finding a means to relate the different ontologies to each other. The result is reflected in a joint communiqué, directed to the larger ontology community and the general public, and expressing a joint (...)
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  27.  29
    Christopher Ray (1990). Paradoxical Tasks. Analysis 50 (2):71 - 74.
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  28.  13
    Christopher Ray (1990). The Cosmological Constant: Einstein's Greatest Mistake? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 21 (4):589-604.
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  29.  3
    Dennis M. Ray (2005). Let Them Eat Cake and the Little Purple Pill: A Rejoinder to Miles, Munilla and Covin. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 57 (2):111-119.
    This paper critiques a recent article in this journal in terms of its use of persuasive techniques. The central issue of the original article by Miles, Munilla and Covin and this paper is whether there should be a change in intellectual property rights to address the needs of impoverished people who are HIV positive or have full blown AIDS and the countries that do not have the means to buy AIDS medication in the absence of subsidies. This paper argues that (...)
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  30.  2
    William J. Ray & Nora Newcombe (1980). Interpreting Sex Differences in Lateralization. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (2):246.
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  31.  26
    Greg Ray (2003). Tarski and the Metalinguistic Liar. Philosophical Studies 115 (1):55 - 80.
    I offer an interpretation of a familiar, but poorly understood portion of Tarskis work on truth – bringing to light a number of unnoticed aspects of Tarskis work. A serious misreading of this part of Tarski to be found in Scott Soames Understanding Truth is treated in detail. Soamesreading vies with the textual evidence, and would make Tarskis position inconsistent in an unsubtle way. I show that Soames does not finally have a coherent interpretation of Tarski. This is unfortunate, since (...)
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  32. Ranjan Ray & Kompal Sinha (2011). Measuring the Multi-Dimensional Knowledge Deprivation of Hiv/Aids: A New Approach with Indian Evidence on its Magnitude and Determinants. Journal of Biosocial Science 43 (6):657-684.
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  33.  24
    A. Chadwick Ray (1985). Humanity, Personhood and Abortion. International Philosophical Quarterly 25 (3):233-245.
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  34.  13
    Thomas S. Ray (2013). Mental Organs and the Origins of Mind. In Liz Swan (ed.), Origins of Mind. 301--326.
  35.  35
    Greg Ray (2005). On the Matter of Essential Richness. Journal of Philosophical Logic 34 (4):433 - 457.
    Alfred Tarski (1944) wrote that "the condition of the 'essential richness' of the metalanguage proves to be, not only necessary, but also sufficient for the construction of a satisfactory definition of truth." But it has remained unclear what Tarski meant by an 'essentially richer' metalanguage. Moreover, DeVidi and Solomon (1999) have argued in this Journal that there is nothing that Tarski could have meant by that phrase which would make his pronouncement true. We develop an answer to the historical question (...)
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  36.  46
    Matthew Ray (2005). Arthur Schopenhauer. The Philosophers' Magazine 31 (31):80-81.
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  37.  8
    Jashobanta Ray (2000). On Basic Particulars. Indian Philosophical Quarterly 26 (3):311.
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  38.  16
    Matthew Ray (2001). Alasdair MacIntyre. The Philosophers' Magazine 16 (16):53-53.
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  39.  36
    Christopher Ray (1982). Can We Travel Faster Than Light? Analysis 42 (1):50 - 52.
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  40.  35
    Greg Ray (1996). Ontology-Free Modal Semantics. Journal of Philosophical Logic 25 (4):333 - 361.
    The problem with model-theoretic modal semantics is that it provides only the formal beginnings of an account of the semantics of modal languages. In the case of non-modal language, we bridge the gap between semantics and mere model theory, by claiming that a sentence is true just in case it is true in an intended model. Truth in a model is given by the model theory, and an intended model is a model which has as domain the actual objects of (...)
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  41.  43
    Tim Ray (2009). Rethinking Polanyi's Concept of Tacit Knowledge: From Personal Knowing to Imagined Institutions. [REVIEW] Minerva 47 (1):75-92.
    Half a century after Michael Polanyi conceptualised ‘the tacit component’ in personal knowing, management studies has reinvented ‘tacit knowledge’—albeit in ways that squander the advantages of Polanyi’s insights and ignore his faith in ‘spiritual reality’. While tacit knowing challenged the absurdities of sheer objectivity, expressed in a ‘perfect language’, it fused rational knowing, based on personal experience, with mystical speculation about an un-experienced ‘external reality’. Faith alone saved Polanyi’s model from solipsism. But Ernst von Glasersfeld’s radical constructivism provides scope to (...)
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  42.  8
    Bonnie K. Ray & David H. Krantz (1996). Foundations of the Theory of Evidence: Resolving Conflict Among Schemata. Theory and Decision 40 (3):215-234.
  43.  10
    Greg Ray (1994). Kripke & the Existential Complaint. Philosophical Studies 74 (2):121 - 135.
    Famously, Saul Kripke proposes that there are contingent a priori truths, and has offered a number of examples to illustrate his claim. The most well-known example involves the standard meter bar in Paris. Purportedly, a certain agent knows a priori that the bar is one meter long. However, in response to a long-standing objection to such examples - the "existential complaint" - generally only modified examples having a conditional form are now considered candidates for the contingent a priori. Gareth Evans (...)
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  44.  25
    Greg Ray (1997). Fodor and the Inscrutability Problem. Mind and Language 12 (3-4):475-89.
    In his 1993 Nicod Lectures (The Elm & the Expert), Jerry Fodor proposed a solution to a certain version of the problem of 'inscrutability of reference', which problem poses a challenge to a certain naturalistic, computational approach to cognition which Fodor has favored. The problem is that a purely informational account of an agent's mental contents cannot discriminate meanings finely enough. Fodor proposes a strategy of solution which appeals to the inferential dispositions of agents to discriminate contents more finely. After (...)
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  45.  6
    Larry Ray (1987). Prisms. International Studies in Philosophy 19 (1):60-61.
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  46.  6
    Roma Ray (1982). Is Pari $\Underset{\Raise0.3em\Hbox{$\Underset{\Raise0.3em\Hbox{\Smash{\Scriptscriptstyle\Cdot}$}}{N}$}}{N} " />Āmavāda a Doctrine of Causality? [REVIEW] Journal of Indian Philosophy 10 (4):377-396.
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  47.  6
    Robert Ray (1979). Are Truth Values Objects? Philosophical Studies 35 (2):199 - 211.
    Both Dummett and Tugendhat seem to conclude that Frege's thesis that truth values are objects which are signified by certain sentences is an assumption which was unjustified even for Frege. In this paper I wish to show that Frege's thesis was one of several assumptions which led Frege to a complex semantic theory for the first order predicate calculus which is surpassed only by Tarski's truth and satisfaction definitions. As such, this thesis receives its justification by being an essential part (...)
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  48. Meghan T. Ray (2010). Cultivating the Soul : The Ethics of Gardening in Ancient Greece and Rome. In Dan O'Brien (ed.), Gardening - Philosophy for Everyone: Cultivating Wisdom. Wiley-Blackwell
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  49.  2
    Eyal M. Reingold & Colleen A. Ray (2002). Implicit Cognition. In Lynn Nadel (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Macmillan
  50.  3
    L. N. Ray, J. Goodstein & M. Garland (1999). Linking Professional and Economic Values in Healthcare Organizations. Journal of Clinical Ethics 10 (3):216.
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