Search results for 'Realism (Philosophy)' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. James Franklin (2014). Aristotelian Realist Philosophy of Mathematics. Palgrave MacMillan.score: 204.0
    An Aristotelian Philosophy of Mathematics breaks the impasse between Platonist and nominalist views of mathematics. Neither a study of abstract objects nor a mere language or logic, mathematics is a science of real aspects of the world as much as biology is. For the first time, a philosophy of mathematics puts applied mathematics at the centre. Quantitative aspects of the world such as ratios of heights, and structural ones such as symmetry and continuity, are parts of the physical world and (...)
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  2. Kathryn Dean (ed.) (2006). Realism, Philosophy and Social Science. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 204.0
    The authors examine the nature of the relationship between social science and philosophy and address the sort of work social science should do, and the role and sorts of claims that an accompanying philosophy should engage in. In particular, the authors reintroduce the question of ontology, an area long overlooked by philosophers of social science, and present a cricital engagement with the work of Roy Bhaskar. The book argues against the excesses of philosophising and commits itself to a philosophical approach (...)
     
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  3. Grzegorz Bugajak (2009). Philosophy of Nature, Realism, and the Postulated Ontology of Scientific Theories. In Adam Świeżyński (ed.), Philosophy of Nature Today, Wydawnictwo UKSW, Warszawa. 59–80.score: 198.0
    The first part of the paper is a metatheoretical consideration of such philosophy of nature which allows for using scientific results in philosophical analyses. An epistemological 'judgment' of those results becomes a preliminary task of this discipline: this involves taking a position in the controversy between realistic and antirealistic accounts of science. It is shown that a philosopher of nature has to be a realist, if his task to build true ontology of reality is to be achieved. At the same (...)
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  4. Feng Ye (2010). What Anti-Realism in Philosophy of Mathematics Must Offer. Synthese 175 (1):13 - 31.score: 194.0
    This article attempts to motivate a new approach to anti-realism (or nominalism) in the philosophy of mathematics. I will explore the strongest challenges to anti-realism, based on sympathetic interpretations of our intuitions that appear to support realism. I will argue that the current anti-realistic philosophies have not yet met these challenges, and that is why they cannot convince realists. Then, I will introduce a research project for a new, truly naturalistic, and completely scientific approach to philosophy of (...)
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  5. Sami Pihlström (2013). Toward Pragmatically Naturalized Transcendental Philosophy of Scientific Inquiry And Pragmatic Scientific Realism. Studia Philosophica Estonica 5 (2):79-94.score: 192.0
    This paper seeks to show that the turn toward local scientific practices in the philosophy of science is not a turn away from transcendental investigations. On the contrary, a pragmatist approach can very well be (re)connected with Kantian transcendental examination of the necessary conditions for the possibility of scientific representation and cognition, insofar as the a priori conditions that transcendental philosophy of science examines are understood as historically relative and thus potentially changing. The issue of scientific realism will be (...)
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  6. Philip Hugly & Charles Sayward (2006). Arithmetic and Ontology: A Non-Realist Philosophy of Arithmetic. rodopi.score: 192.0
    In this book a non-realist philosophy of mathematics is presented. Two ideas are essential to its conception. These ideas are (i) that pure mathematics--taken in isolation from the use of mathematical signs in empirical judgement--is an activity for which a formalist account is roughly correct, and (ii) that mathematical signs nonetheless have a sense, but only in and through belonging to a system of signs with empirical application. This conception is argued by the two authors and is critically discussed by (...)
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  7. Christopher Norris (1997). Resources of Realism: Prospects for 'Post-Analytic' Philosophy. St. Martin's Press.score: 192.0
    This book is concerned chiefly with issues in epistemology, philosophical semantics and philosophy of science. It defends a causal-realist approach to theories and explanations in the natural sciences and a truth-based propositional semantics for natural language derived from various sources, among them unusually in this context the work of William Empson. It argues against various forms of anti-realist doctrine with regard to both the truth-claims of science and the construal of intentions, meanings and beliefs in the process of linguistic understanding. (...)
     
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  8. Feng Ye (2007). Indispensability Argument and Anti-Realism in Philosophy of Mathematics. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 2 (4):614-628.score: 188.0
    The indispensability argument for abstract mathematical entities has been an important issue in the philosophy of mathematics. The argument relies on several assumptions. Some objections have been made against these assumptions, but there are several serious defects in these objections. Ameliorating these defects leads to a new anti-realistic philosophy of mathematics, mainly: first, in mathematical applications, what really exist and can be used as tools are not abstract mathematical entities, but our inner representations that we create in imagining abstract mathematical (...)
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  9. Peter T. Manicas (2006). A Realist Philosophy of Social Science: Explanation and Understanding. Cambridge University Press.score: 186.0
    This introduction to the philosophy of social science provides an original conception of the task and nature of social inquiry. Peter Manicas discusses the role of causality seen in the physical sciences and offers a reassessment of the problem of explanation from a realist perspective. He argues that the fundamental goal of theory in both the natural and social sciences is not, contrary to widespread opinion, prediction and control, or the explanation of events (including behaviour). Instead, theory aims to provide (...)
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  10. Y. E. Feng (2007). Indispensability Argument and Anti-Realism in Philosophy of Mathematics. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 2 (4):614-628.score: 186.0
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  11. R. Nagaraja Sarma (1931). Reign of Realism in Indian Philosophy. National Press.score: 180.0
     
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  12. Karin Johannesson (2007). God Pro Nobis: On Non-Metaphysical Realism and the Philosophy of Religion. Peeters.score: 174.0
    Drawing on the work of Putnam, Michael Dummett and Donald Davidson, the author elaborates a non-metaphysical realist perspective that she recommends as a ...
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  13. Edward Pols (1992). Radical Realism: Direct Knowing in Science and Philosophy. Cornell University Press.score: 174.0
    Introduction A Preliminary Look at the Scandal of Radical Realism: Direct and Indirect Knowing • This book is about the nature and scope of rationality, ...
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  14. Brian Leiter (2007). Naturalizing Jurisprudence: Essays on American Legal Realism and Naturalism in Legal Philosophy. Oxford University Press.score: 174.0
    Introduction: From legal realism to naturalized jurisprudence -- A note on legal indeterminacy -- Part I. American legal realism and its critics -- Rethinking legal realism: toward a naturalized jurisprudence (1997) -- Legal realism and legal positivism reconsidered (2001) -- Is there an "American" jurisprudence? (1997) -- Postscript to Part I: Interpreting legal realism -- Part II. Ways of naturalizing jurisprudence -- Legal realism, hard positivism, and the limits of conceptual analysis (1998, 2001) -- (...)
     
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  15. Ruth Groff (ed.) (2008). Revitalizing Causality: Realism About Causality in Philosophy and Social Science. Routledge.score: 168.0
    This cutting edge collection of new and previously published articles by philosophers and social scientists addresses just what it means to invoke causal ...
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  16. Sam Porter (2001). Nightingale's Realist Philosophy of Science. Nursing Philosophy 2 (1):14-25.score: 168.0
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  17. Klein Bluemink & Gerardus Johannes (2000). Kissingerian Realism in International Politics: Political Theory, Philosophy, and Practice. S.N..score: 168.0
     
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  18. Andrew Collier (1994). Critical Realism: An Introduction to Roy Bhaskar's Philosophy. Verso.score: 162.0
    This book expounds the transcendental realist theory of science and critical naturalist social philosophy that have been developed by Bhaskar and are used by many contemporary social scientists. It defends Bhaskar's view that the possibility and necessity of experiment show that reality is structured and stratified, his use of this idea to develop a non-reductive explanatory account of human sciences, and his notion that to explain social structures can sometimes be to criticize them. After a discussion of the uses of (...)
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  19. Jerrold L. Aronson (1984). A Realist Philosophy of Science. St. Martin's Press.score: 162.0
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  20. Sunil Kumar Bera (1994). Realist Philosophy of Language. Sanskrit Pustak Bhandar.score: 162.0
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  21. Matti Sintonen, Petri Ylikoski & Kaarlo Miller (eds.) (2003). Realism in Action: Essays in the Philosophy of the Social Sciences. Kluwer Academic Publishers.score: 156.0
    Realism in Action is a selection of essays written by leading representatives in the fields of action theory and philosophy of mind, philosophy of the social sciences and especially the nature of social action, and of epistemology and philosophy of science. Practical reason, reasons and causes in action theory, intending and trying, and folk-psychological explanation are some of the topics discussed by these leading participants. A particular emphasis is laid on trust, commitments and social institutions, on the possibility of (...)
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  22. Christopher Norris (2004). Philosophy of Language and the Challenge to Scientific Realism. Routledge.score: 156.0
    In this book Christopher Norris develops the case for scientific realism by tackling various adversary arguments from a range of anti-realist positions. Through a close critical reading he shows how they fail to make adequate sense on any rational, consistent and scientifically informed survey of the evidence. Along the way he incorporates a number of detailed case-studies from the history and philosophy of science. Norris devotes much of his discussion to some of the most prominent and widely influential source-texts (...)
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  23. A. J. Baker (1986). Australian Realism: The Systematic Philosophy of John Anderson. Cambridge University Press.score: 156.0
    This book outlines the realist and pluralist philosophy of John Anderson, Australia's most original thinker. His teaching at Sydney University and his arti6es have deeply influenced Australian intellectual life. Several main themes run through his work, but Anderson never gave an overall account of his views. This is remedied here: exhibiting the range of Anderson's thought from logic, epistemology and theory of mind, to language and social theory, this volume sketches realism as a systematic philosophical position, while showing something (...)
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  24. Rom Harre (1985). Book Review:A Realist Philosophy of Science Jerrold L. Aronson. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 52 (3):483-.score: 156.0
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  25. J. Wettersten (2008). Book Review: Manicas, P. T. (2006). A Realist Philosophy of Social Science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 38 (2):298-303.score: 156.0
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  26. S. P. Rosenbaum (1983). Railing Against Realism: Philosophy and To The Lighthouse. Philosophy and Literature 7 (1):89-91.score: 156.0
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  27. Manuel Bremer (2010). Philip Hugly and Charles Sayward, Arithmetic and Ontology: A Non-Realist Philosophy of Arithmetic Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 27 (3):188-191.score: 156.0
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  28. M. Bremer (2007). Philip Hugly and Charles Sayward, Arithmetic and Ontology: A Non-Realist Philosophy of Arithmetic. Philosophy in Review 27 (3):188.score: 156.0
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  29. Claus Festersen (2007). Philip Hugly & Charles Sayward: Arithmetic and Ontology: A Non-Realist Philosophy of Arithmetic, Edited by Pieranna Garavaso (Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities, Vol. 90). Amsterdam/New York: Rodopi, 2006 (393 Pp.). [REVIEW] SATS: Northern European Journal of Philosophy 8 (2):147-155.score: 156.0
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  30. Simon Haines (2005). Poetry and Philosophy From Homer to Rousseau: Romantic Souls, Realist Lives. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 156.0
    This book features readings of over twenty key texts and authors in Western poetry and philosophy, including Homer, Plato, Dante, Chaucer, Shakespeare and Rousseau. Simon Haines argues that the history of both can be seen as a struggle between two different conceptions of the self: the "romantic" vs. the "realist".
     
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  31. R. Vihalemm (2013). What is a Scientific Concept? Some Considerations Concerning Chemistry in Practical Realist Philosophy of Science. In Jean-Pierre Llored (ed.), The Philosophy of Chemistry: Practices, Methodologies, and Concepts. 364--384.score: 156.0
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  32. John Wettersten (forthcoming). Book Review: A Realist Philosophy of Social Science, by Peter T. Manicas. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences.score: 156.0
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  33. Diarmuid Costello & Dawn M. Phillips (2009). Automatism, Causality and Realism: Foundational Problems in the Philosophy of Photography. Philosophy Compass 4 (1):1-21.score: 150.0
    This article contains a survey of recent debates in the philosophy of photography, focusing on aesthetic and epistemic issues in particular. Starting from widespread notions about automatism, causality and realism in the theory of photography, the authors ask whether the prima facie tension between the epistemic and aesthetic embodied in oppositions such as automaticism and agency, causality and intentionality, realism and fictional competence is more than apparent. In this context, the article discusses recent work by Roger Scruton, Dominic (...)
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  34. Carsten Klein (2001). Conventionalism and Realism in Hans Reichenbach's Philosophy of Geometry. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 15 (3):243 – 251.score: 150.0
    Hans Reichenbach's so-called geometrical conventionalism is often taken as an example of a positivistic philosophy of science, based on a verificationist theory of meaning. By contrast, we shall argue that this view rests on a misinterpretation of Reichenbach's major work in this area, the Philosophy of Space and Time (1928). The conception of equivalent descriptions, which lies at the heart of Reichenbach's conventionalism, should be seen as an attempt to refute Poincaré's geometrical relativism. Based upon an examination of the reasons (...)
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  35. Nancey Murphy (1990). Scientific Realism and Postmodern Philosophy. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 41 (3):291-303.score: 150.0
    The debate over scientific or critical realism is characterized by confusion, which I claim is a result of approaching the issue from both modern and ‘postmodern’ perspectives. Modern thought is characterized by foundationalism in epistemology and representationalism in philosophy of language, while holism in epistemology and the theory of meaning as use in philosophy of language are postmodern. Typical forms of scientific realism (which seek referents for theoretical terms or correspondence accounts of the truth of scientific theories) are (...)
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  36. Julian C. Cole (2008). Gianluigi Oliveri. A Realist Philosophy of Mathematics. Texts in Philosophy;. Philosophia Mathematica 16 (3):409-420.score: 150.0
  37. Justin Cruickshank (2007). The Usefulness of Fallibilism in Post-Positivist Philosophy: A Popperian Critique of Critical Realism. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 37 (3):263-288.score: 150.0
    Sayer argues that Popper defended a logicist philosophy of science. The problem with such logicism is that it creates what is termed here as a `truncated foundationalism', which restricts epistemic certainty to the logical form of scientific theories whilst having nothing to say about their substantive contents. Against this it is argued that critical realism, which Sayer advocates, produces a linguistic version of truncated foundationalism and that Popper's problem-solving philosophy, with its emphasis on developing knowledge through criticism, eschews all (...)
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  38. Kieran Cashell (2009). Reality, Representation and the Aesthetic Fallacy: Critical Realism and the Philosophy of C. S. Peirce. Journal of Critical Realism 8 (2):135-171.score: 150.0
    This essay develops a theory of representation that confirms realism – an objective dependent on establishing that reality is autonomous of representation. I argue that the autonomy of reality is not incompatible with epistemic access and that an adequate account of representation is capable of satisfying both criteria. Pursuit of this argument brings the work of C. S. Peirce and Roy Bhaskar together. Peirce’s doctrine of semiotics is essentially a realist theory of representation and is thus relevant to the (...)
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  39. Don Cupitt (2002). Is Nothing Sacred?: The Non-Realist Philosophy of Religion: Selected Essays. Fordham University Press.score: 150.0
    This book contains essays written over twenty years that appear in book form for the first time.
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  40. Daniel M. Hausman (2000). Realist Philosophy and Methodology of Economics: What is It? Journal of Economic Methodology 7 (1):127-133.score: 150.0
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  41. Josep-Vicent Ferre Domínguez, Francisco Bueno-Félix C. Fernández, Antonio Claver Ferrer, Jacinto García & Gregorio Martínez (2003). Bermejo, Ignacio Jericó. Domingo Báñez, Teología de la Infidelidad En Paganos y Herejes (1584). Madrid: Editorial Revista Agustiniana, 2000. Chrétien, Jean-Luis. The Unforgettable and the Unhoped For. Trans. J. Bloechl. New York: Fordham University Press, 2002. Cupitt, Don. Is Nothing Sacred: The Non-Realist Philosophy of Religion. New. [REVIEW] Augustinian Studies 34 (1).score: 150.0
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  42. Jude P. Dougherty (2007). A Realist Philosophy of Science. Review of Metaphysics 61 (1):142-143.score: 150.0
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  43. Eberhard Herrmann (2003). A Pragmatic Realist Philosophy of Religion. Ars Disputandi 3:1-11.score: 150.0
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  44. William Outhwaite (1988). New Developments in Realist Philosophy. History of the Human Sciences 1 (1):105-112.score: 150.0
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  45. Christine M. Korsgaard (2003). Realism and Constructivism in Twentieth-Century Moral Philosophy. Journal of Philosophical Research 28 (Supplement):99-122.score: 144.0
    In this paper I trace the development of one of the central debates of late twentieth-century moral philosophy—the debate between realism and what Rawls called “constructivism.” Realism, I argue, is a reactive position that arises in response to almost every attempt to give a substantive explanation of morality. It results from the realist’s belief that such explanations inevitably reduce moral phenomena to natural phenomena. I trace this belief, and the essence of realism, to a view about the (...)
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  46. Jeffrey Bell (2011). Between Realism and Anti-Realism: Deleuze and the Spinozist Tradition in Philosophy. Deleuze Studies 5 (1):1-17.score: 144.0
    In 1967, after a talk Deleuze gave to the Society of French Philosophy, Ferdinand Alquiéé expressed concern during the question and answer session that perhaps Deleuze was relying too heavily upon science and not giving adequate attention to questions and problems that Alquiéé took to be distinctively philosophical. Deleuze responded by agreeing with Alquiéé; moreover, he argued that his primary interest was precisely in the metaphysics science needs rather than in the science philosophy needs. This metaphysics, Deleuze argues, is to (...)
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  47. Francisco Vergara-Silva (forthcoming). Pattern Cladistics and the 'Realism–Antirealism Debate' in the Philosophy of Biology. Acta Biotheoretica.score: 144.0
    Despite the amount of work that has been produced on the subject over the years, the ‘transformation of cladistics’ is still a misunderstood episode in the history of comparative biology. Here, I analyze two outstanding, highly contrasting historiographic accounts on the matter, under the perspective of an influential dichotomy in the philosophy of science: the opposition between Scientific Realism and Empiricism. Placing special emphasis on the notion of ‘causal grounding’ of morphological characters ( sensu Olivier Rieppel) in modern developmental (...)
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  48. Edward Slowik, Spacetime, Structural Realism, and the Substantival/Relational Debate: An Ontological Investigation From the Perspective of Structural Realism in the Philosophy of Mathematics.score: 144.0
    This essay explores structural realist interpretation of spacetime with special emphasis on the close interrelationship between, on the one hand, ontological debates in spacetime structural realism and, on the other, foundational investigations in structural realism in the philosophy of mathematics. Drawing on various structuralist approaches in the philosophy of mathematics, as well as on the theoretical complexities of General Relativity, this investigation will reveal that a structuralist approach can serve as a useful means of deflating some of the (...)
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  49. P. J. E. Kail (2011). Précis of Projection and Realism in Hume's Philosophy. Hume Studies 36 (1):61-65.score: 144.0
    The title of my book, Projection and Realism in Hume's Philosophy (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2007), might mislead. One might protest, with some justification, that since neither "projection" nor "realism" is Hume's term and that both carry a severe threat of anachronism, discussing them in connection with Hume is misguided. Why might the readers of this journal wish to read such a work?Well, the first thing to note is that Hume's name has come to be associated with the metaphor (...)
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  50. Heather Dyke (2003). What Moral Realism Can Learn From the Philosophy of Time. In , Time and Ethics: Essays at the Intersection. Kluwer Academic Publishers. 11--25.score: 144.0
    It sometimes happens that advances in one area of philosophy can be applied to a quite different area of philosophy, and that the result is an unexpected significant advance. I think that this is true of the philosophy of time and meta-ethics. Developments in the philosophy of time have led to a new understanding of the relation between semantics and metaphysics. Applying these insights to the field of meta-ethics, I will argue, can suggest a new position with respect to moral (...)
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