Search results for 'Realism (Philosophy)' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  67
    James Franklin (2014). Aristotelian Realist Philosophy of Mathematics. Palgrave MacMillan.
    An Aristotelian Philosophy of Mathematics breaks the impasse between Platonist and nominalist views of mathematics. Neither a study of abstract objects nor a mere language or logic, mathematics is a science of real aspects of the world as much as biology is. For the first time, a philosophy of mathematics puts applied mathematics at the centre. Quantitative aspects of the world such as ratios of heights, and structural ones such as symmetry and continuity, are parts of the physical world and (...)
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  2. Kathryn Dean (ed.) (2006). Realism, Philosophy and Social Science. Palgrave Macmillan.
    The authors examine the nature of the relationship between social science and philosophy and address the sort of work social science should do, and the role and sorts of claims that an accompanying philosophy should engage in. In particular, the authors reintroduce the question of ontology, an area long overlooked by philosophers of social science, and present a cricital engagement with the work of Roy Bhaskar. The book argues against the excesses of philosophising and commits itself to a philosophical approach (...)
     
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  3.  21
    Catherine Legg (2015). An Aristotelian Realist Philosophy of Mathematics: Mathematics as the Science of Quantity and Structure, by Franklin, James. [REVIEW] Australasian Journal of Philosophy 93 (4):837-837.
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  4.  77
    Grzegorz Bugajak (2009). Philosophy of Nature, Realism, and the Postulated Ontology of Scientific Theories. In Adam Świeżyński (ed.), Philosophy of Nature Today, Wydawnictwo UKSW, Warszawa. 59–80.
    The first part of the paper is a metatheoretical consideration of such philosophy of nature which allows for using scientific results in philosophical analyses. An epistemological 'judgment' of those results becomes a preliminary task of this discipline: this involves taking a position in the controversy between realistic and antirealistic accounts of science. It is shown that a philosopher of nature has to be a realist, if his task to build true ontology of reality is to be achieved. At the same (...)
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  5.  37
    Peter T. Manicas (2006). A Realist Philosophy of Social Science: Explanation and Understanding. Cambridge University Press.
    This introduction to the philosophy of social science provides an original conception of the task and nature of social inquiry. Peter Manicas discusses the role of causality seen in the physical sciences and offers a reassessment of the problem of explanation from a realist perspective. He argues that the fundamental goal of theory in both the natural and social sciences is not, contrary to widespread opinion, prediction and control, or the explanation of events (including behaviour). Instead, theory aims to provide (...)
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  6. Feng Ye (2010). What Anti-Realism in Philosophy of Mathematics Must Offer. Synthese 175 (1):13 - 31.
    This article attempts to motivate a new approach to anti-realism (or nominalism) in the philosophy of mathematics. I will explore the strongest challenges to anti-realism, based on sympathetic interpretations of our intuitions that appear to support realism. I will argue that the current anti-realistic philosophies have not yet met these challenges, and that is why they cannot convince realists. Then, I will introduce a research project for a new, truly naturalistic, and completely scientific approach to philosophy of (...)
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  7.  92
    Sami Pihlström (2013). Toward Pragmatically Naturalized Transcendental Philosophy of Scientific Inquiry And Pragmatic Scientific Realism. Studia Philosophica Estonica 5 (2):79-94.
    This paper seeks to show that the turn toward local scientific practices in the philosophy of science is not a turn away from transcendental investigations. On the contrary, a pragmatist approach can very well be (re)connected with Kantian transcendental examination of the necessary conditions for the possibility of scientific representation and cognition, insofar as the a priori conditions that transcendental philosophy of science examines are understood as historically relative and thus potentially changing. The issue of scientific realism will be (...)
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  8. Christopher Norris (1997). Resources of Realism: Prospects for 'Post-Analytic' Philosophy. St. Martin's Press.
    This book is concerned chiefly with issues in epistemology, philosophical semantics and philosophy of science. It defends a causal-realist approach to theories and explanations in the natural sciences and a truth-based propositional semantics for natural language derived from various sources, among them unusually in this context the work of William Empson. It argues against various forms of anti-realist doctrine with regard to both the truth-claims of science and the construal of intentions, meanings and beliefs in the process of linguistic understanding. (...)
     
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  9.  29
    Philip Hugly & Charles Sayward (2006). Arithmetic and Ontology: A Non-Realist Philosophy of Arithmetic. Rodopi.
    In this book a non-realist philosophy of mathematics is presented. Two ideas are essential to its conception. These ideas are (i) that pure mathematics--taken in isolation from the use of mathematical signs in empirical judgement--is an activity for which a formalist account is roughly correct, and (ii) that mathematical signs nonetheless have a sense, but only in and through belonging to a system of signs with empirical application. This conception is argued by the two authors and is critically discussed by (...)
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  10.  10
    Y. E. Feng (2007). Indispensability Argument and Anti-Realism in Philosophy of Mathematics. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 2 (4):614-628.
  11. Brian Leiter (2007). Naturalizing Jurisprudence: Essays on American Legal Realism and Naturalism in Legal Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
    Introduction: From legal realism to naturalized jurisprudence -- A note on legal indeterminacy -- Part I. American legal realism and its critics -- Rethinking legal realism: toward a naturalized jurisprudence (1997) -- Legal realism and legal positivism reconsidered (2001) -- Is there an "American" jurisprudence? (1997) -- Postscript to Part I: Interpreting legal realism -- Part II. Ways of naturalizing jurisprudence -- Legal realism, hard positivism, and the limits of conceptual (...)
     
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  12.  39
    Feng Ye (2007). Indispensability Argument and Anti-Realism in Philosophy of Mathematics. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 2 (4):614-628.
    The indispensability argument for abstract mathematical entities has been an important issue in the philosophy of mathematics. The argument relies on several assumptions. Some objections have been made against these assumptions, but there are several serious defects in these objections. Ameliorating these defects leads to a new anti-realistic philosophy of mathematics, mainly: first, in mathematical applications, what really exist and can be used as tools are not abstract mathematical entities, but our inner representations that we create in imagining abstract mathematical (...)
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  13.  8
    Edward Pols (1992). Radical Realism: Direct Knowing in Science and Philosophy. Cornell University Press.
    Introduction A Preliminary Look at the Scandal of Radical Realism: Direct and Indirect Knowing • This book is about the nature and scope of rationality, ...
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  14.  4
    Eberhard Herrmann (2003). A Pragmatic Realist Philosophy of Religion. Ars Disputandi 3:1-11.
    This article deals with the philosophical problem of how to conceive reality. The difficulty consists in finding a middle way between the claim that reality is unconceptualised reality and the claim that there is no difference between what is real and what we experience as real. In this regard, the pragmatic tradition in philosophy promises to provide us with some fruitful ideas for steering a path between the two. The author applies some of these ideas in developing a pragmatic realist (...)
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  15. Lars Boman (1955). Criticism and Construction in the Philosophy of the American New Realism. Almqvist & Wiksell.
     
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  16. D. Luther Evans (1931). New Realism and Old Reality; a Critical Introduction to the Philosophy of the New Realists. Philosophical Review 40 (4):396-397.
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  17. R. Nagaraja Sarma (1931). Reign of Realism in Indian Philosophy. National Press.
     
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  18. Patrick F. Sullivan (1988). The Pragmatism of Communication: A Realist Philosophy of Communication. Dissertation, University of Kentucky
    An integration of rhetoric and method, or communication and inquiry, is important for contemporary communication research because it suggests a framework for understanding Speech Communication as an epistemological discipline. Yet, an integration of rhetoric and method is problematic. A breakdown of the understanding of invention as an epistemologically informative process of discovery has contributed to a schism of rhetoric and method. Nominalistic commitments, primarily characterized by the assumptions of British Empiricism, have led to difficulties in contemporary accounts of communication and (...)
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  19.  12
    Karin Johannesson (2007). God Pro Nobis: On Non-Metaphysical Realism and the Philosophy of Religion. Peeters.
    Drawing on the work of Putnam, Michael Dummett and Donald Davidson, the author elaborates a non-metaphysical realist perspective that she recommends as a ...
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  20.  25
    Julian C. Cole (2008). Gianluigi Oliveri. A Realist Philosophy of Mathematics. Texts in Philosophy;. Philosophia Mathematica 16 (3):409-420.
    1.1 ContextIn the period following the demise of logicism, formalism, and intuitionism, contributors to the philosophy of mathematics have been divided. On the one hand, there are those who tend to focus on such issues as: Do mathematical entities exist? If so, what type of entities are they and how do we know about them? If not, how can we account for the role that mathematics plays in our everyday and scientific lives? Contributors to this school—let us call it the (...)
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  21. James Feibleman (1948). The Revival of Realism. Critical Studies in Contemporary Philosophy. Journal of Philosophy 45 (7):188-191.
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  22. Peter T. Manicas (2009). A Realist Philosophy of Social Science: Explanation and Understanding. Cambridge University Press.
    This introduction to the philosophy of social science provides an original conception of the task and nature of social inquiry. Peter Manicas discusses the role of causality seen in the physical sciences and offers a reassessment of the problem of explanation from a realist perspective. He argues that the fundamental goal of theory in both the natural and social sciences is not, contrary to widespread opinion, prediction and control, or the explanation of events. Instead, theory aims to provide an understanding (...)
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  23. Andrew Collier (1994). Critical Realism: An Introduction to Roy Bhaskar's Philosophy. Verso.
    This book expounds the transcendental realist theory of science and critical naturalist social philosophy that have been developed by Bhaskar and are used by many contemporary social scientists. It defends Bhaskar's view that the possibility and necessity of experiment show that reality is structured and stratified, his use of this idea to develop a non-reductive explanatory account of human sciences, and his notion that to explain social structures can sometimes be to criticize them. After a discussion of the uses of (...)
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  24. Edwin B. Holt, Walter T. Marvin, William Pepperrell Montague, Ralph Barton Perry, Walter B. Pitkin & Edward Gleason Spaulding (1913). The New Realism: Coöperative Studies in Philosophy. Philosophical Review 22 (1):57-65.
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  25.  26
    Sam Porter (2001). Nightingale's Realist Philosophy of Science. Nursing Philosophy 2 (1):14-25.
  26.  95
    Ruth Groff (ed.) (2008). Revitalizing Causality: Realism About Causality in Philosophy and Social Science. Routledge.
    This cutting edge collection of new and previously published articles by philosophers and social scientists addresses just what it means to invoke causal ...
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  27. Klein Bluemink & Gerardus Johannes (2000). Kissingerian Realism in International Politics: Political Theory, Philosophy, and Practice. S.N..
     
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  28. Thomas Case (1888). Physical Realism Being an Analytical Philosophy From the Physical Objects of Science to the Physical Data of Sense. Longmans, Green, and Co.
     
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  29. Jerrold L. Aronson (1984). A Realist Philosophy of Science. St. Martin's Press.
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  30.  10
    A. J. Baker (1986). Australian Realism: The Systematic Philosophy of John Anderson. Cambridge University Press.
    This book outlines the realist and pluralist philosophy of John Anderson, Australia's most original thinker. His teaching at Sydney University and his arti6es have deeply influenced Australian intellectual life. Several main themes run through his work, but Anderson never gave an overall account of his views. This is remedied here: exhibiting the range of Anderson's thought from logic, epistemology and theory of mind, to language and social theory, this volume sketches realism as a systematic philosophical position, while showing something (...)
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  31.  9
    Jude P. Dougherty (2015). An Aristotelian Realist Philosophy of Mathematics: Mathematics as the Science of Quantity and Structure by James Franklin. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 68 (3):658-660.
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  32. Sunil Kumar Bera (1994). Realist Philosophy of Language. Sanskrit Pustak Bhandar.
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  33.  86
    John Wettersten (forthcoming). Book Review: A Realist Philosophy of Social Science, by Peter T. Manicas. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences.
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  34.  27
    Christopher Norris (2004). Philosophy of Language and the Challenge to Scientific Realism. Routledge.
    In this book Christopher Norris develops the case for scientific realism by tackling various adversary arguments from a range of anti-realist positions. Through a close critical reading he shows how they fail to make adequate sense on any rational, consistent and scientifically informed survey of the evidence. Along the way he incorporates a number of detailed case-studies from the history and philosophy of science. Norris devotes much of his discussion to some of the most prominent and widely influential source-texts (...)
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  35. R. Vihalemm (2013). What is a Scientific Concept? Some Considerations Concerning Chemistry in Practical Realist Philosophy of Science. In Jean-Pierre Llored (ed.), The Philosophy of Chemistry: Practices, Methodologies, and Concepts. 364--384.
     
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  36.  58
    Francisco Vergara-Silva (2009). Pattern Cladistics and the ‘Realism–Antirealism Debate’ in the Philosophy of Biology. Acta Biotheoretica 57 (1-2):269-294.
    Despite the amount of work that has been produced on the subject over the years, the ‘transformation of cladistics’ is still a misunderstood episode in the history of comparative biology. Here, I analyze two outstanding, highly contrasting historiographic accounts on the matter, under the perspective of an influential dichotomy in the philosophy of science: the opposition between Scientific Realism and Empiricism. Placing special emphasis on the notion of ‘causal grounding’ of morphological characters in modern developmental biology’s theories, I arrive (...)
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  37.  28
    P. J. E. Kail (2010). Précis of Projection and Realism in Hume's Philosophy. Hume Studies 36 (1):61-65.
    The title of my book, Projection and Realism in Hume's Philosophy, might mislead. One might protest, with some justification, that since neither "projection" nor "realism" is Hume's term and that both carry a severe threat of anachronism, discussing them in connection with Hume is misguided. Why might the readers of this journal wish to read such a work?Well, the first thing to note is that Hume's name has come to be associated with the metaphor of projection, understood as (...)
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  38.  1
    Claus Festersen (2007). Philip Hugly & Charles Sayward: Arithmetic and Ontology: A Non-Realist Philosophy of Arithmetic, Edited by Pieranna Garavaso (Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities, Vol. 90). Amsterdam/New York: Rodopi, 2006 (393 Pp.). [REVIEW] SATS: Northern European Journal of Philosophy 8 (2):147-155.
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  39.  5
    Rom Harre (1985). Book Review:A Realist Philosophy of Science Jerrold L. Aronson. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 52 (3):483-.
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  40. Manuel Bremer (2010). Philip Hugly and Charles Sayward, Arithmetic and Ontology: A Non-Realist Philosophy of Arithmetic Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 27 (3):188-191.
     
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  41.  2
    S. P. Rosenbaum (1983). Railing Against Realism: Philosophy and To The Lighthouse. Philosophy and Literature 7 (1):89-91.
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  42.  2
    J. Wettersten (2008). Book Review: Manicas, P. T. (2006). A Realist Philosophy of Social Science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 38 (2):298-303.
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  43. M. Bremer (2007). Philip Hugly and Charles Sayward, Arithmetic and Ontology: A Non-Realist Philosophy of Arithmetic. Philosophy in Review 27 (3):188.
     
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  44. Wenceslao J. González (ed.) (2011). Scientific Realism and Democratic Society: The Philosophy of Philip Kitcher. Rodopi.
    Philip Kitcher is among the key philosophers of science of our times. This volume offers an up to date analysis of his philosophical perspective taking into account his views on scientific realism and democratic society. The contributors to the volume focus on four different aspects of Kitcher’s thought: the evolution of his philosophy, his present views on scientific realism, the epistemological analysis of his modest realism, and his conception of scientific practice. In the final chapter, the philosopher (...)
     
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  45. Simon Haines (2005). Poetry and Philosophy From Homer to Rousseau: Romantic Souls, Realist Lives. Palgrave Macmillan.
    This book features readings of over twenty key texts and authors in Western poetry and philosophy, including Homer, Plato, Dante, Chaucer, Shakespeare and Rousseau. Simon Haines argues that the history of both can be seen as a struggle between two different conceptions of the self: the "romantic" vs. the "realist".
     
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  46.  44
    Matti Sintonen, Petri Ylikoski & Kaarlo Miller (eds.) (2003). Realism in Action: Essays in the Philosophy of the Social Sciences. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    Realism in Action is a selection of essays written by leading representatives in the fields of action theory and philosophy of mind, philosophy of the social sciences and especially the nature of social action, and of epistemology and philosophy of science. Practical reason, reasons and causes in action theory, intending and trying, and folk-psychological explanation are some of the topics discussed by these leading participants. A particular emphasis is laid on trust, commitments and social institutions, (...)
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  47.  85
    William Outhwaite (1988). New Developments in Realist Philosophy. History of the Human Sciences 1 (1):105-112.
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  48. J. J. C. Smart (1963). Philosophy And Scientific Realism. Humanities Press.
    Originally published in 1963. In an introductory chapter the author argues that philosophy ought to be more than the art of clarifying thought and that it should concern itself with outlining a scientifically plausible world view. Early chapters deal with phenomenalism and the reality of theoretical entities, and with the relation between the physical and biological sciences. Free will, issues of time and space and man’s place in nature are covered in later chapters.
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  49.  31
    Kieran Cashell (2009). Reality, Representation and the Aesthetic Fallacy: Critical Realism and the Philosophy of C. S. Peirce. Journal of Critical Realism 8 (2):135-171.
    This essay develops a theory of representation that confirms realism – an objective dependent on establishing that reality is autonomous of representation. I argue that the autonomy of reality is not incompatible with epistemic access and that an adequate account of representation is capable of satisfying both criteria. Pursuit of this argument brings the work of C. S. Peirce and Roy Bhaskar together. Peirce’s doctrine of semiotics is essentially a realist theory of representation and is thus relevant to the (...)
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  50. Diarmuid Costello & Dawn M. Phillips (2009). Automatism, Causality and Realism: Foundational Problems in the Philosophy of Photography. Philosophy Compass 4 (1):1-21.
    This article contains a survey of recent debates in the philosophy of photography, focusing on aesthetic and epistemic issues in particular. Starting from widespread notions about automatism, causality and realism in the theory of photography, the authors ask whether the prima facie tension between the epistemic and aesthetic embodied in oppositions such as automaticism and agency, causality and intentionality, realism and fictional competence is more than apparent. In this context, the article discusses recent work by Roger Scruton, Dominic (...)
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