Search results for 'Realism History' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  9
    Martin Goffeney (2013). Memory, History, and Pluripotency: A Realist View of Literary Studies. Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 9 (2):44-59.
    Speculative realism has, over the course of its rapid and controversial emergence in the past decade, been frequently criticized from the perspective of historical materialism, for its putative reliance on abstraction and eschewal of a sufficiently rigorous ideological alignment. This paper takes such critiques as a starting point for an examination of the contributions recent thought in the area of speculative realism has to offer the study of the humanities – specifically, the study of literature and literary (...). In particular, contemporary realist thought has the potential to enable scholars of literature to move beyond the anthropocentric and specialized notions of history as an exclusively cultural entity, which have dominated the discipline since the twentieth century. Paying especially close attention to the work of Graham Harman and Manuel DeLanda, it is my argument that emergent realist philosophy offers literary scholars a set of powerful conceptual tools which can be put toward the work of accounting for the hitherto neglected ontological status of the literary text – illuminating the status of the text as a particular variety of real and physical object that participates in a system of real and physical history and memory. (shrink)
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  2. Lee Braver (2007). A Thing of This World: A History of Continental Anti-Realism. Northwestern University Press.
    At a time when the analytic/continental split dominates contemporary philosophy, this ambitious work offers a careful and clear-minded way to bridge that divide. Combining conceptual rigor and clarity of prose with historical erudition, A Thing of This World shows how one of the standard issues of analytic philosophy—realism and anti-realism—has also been at the heart of continental philosophy. Using a framework derived from prominent analytic thinkers, Lee Braver traces the roots of anti-realism to Kant's idea that the (...)
     
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  3.  71
    Lee Braver (2012). A Brief History of Continental Realism. Continental Philosophy Review 45 (2):261-289.
    This paper explains the nature and origin of what I am calling Transgressive Realism, a middle path between realism and anti-realism which tries to combine their strengths while avoiding their weaknesses. Kierkegaard created the position by merging Hegel’s insistence that we must have some kind of contact with anything we can call real (thus rejecting noumena), with Kant’s belief that reality fundamentally exceeds our understanding; human reason should not be the criterion of the real. The result is (...)
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  4.  17
    Santiago Zabala (2010). A Thing of This World: A History of Continental Anti-Realism (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 48 (4):539-540.
    Proposing a new interpretation of Being or, which amounts to the same, of the history of philosophy, is among the most difficult tasks a philosopher can set for himself. It is much easier to describe a particular philosopher’s understanding of Being or a theme in a particular epoch in the history of philosophy, because other established interpretations are available upon which one may rely to justify his own contribution, if only by contrasting it to others. This, after all, (...)
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  5.  92
    Paul Livingston (2012). Lee Braver: A Thing of This World: A History of Continental Anti-Realism. [REVIEW] Continental Philosophy Review 45 (1):161-170.
    Lee Braver: A thing of this world: A history of continental anti-realism Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-10 DOI 10.1007/s11007-011-9210-9 Authors Paul Livingston, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA Journal Continental Philosophy Review Online ISSN 1573-1103 Print ISSN 1387-2842.
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  6.  22
    Gerry Coulter (2010). Jean Baudrillard and Cinema: The Problems of Technology, Realism and History. Film-Philosophy 14 (2):6-20.
    Jean Baudrillard loved cinema and was fascinated by the collusions which occur between it and life. He also believed that technologies of virtualization and the pursuit of realism were deeply harmful to the quality of the cinematic image. Precisely at the time when cinema was subject to these forces he pointed out that it is coming to play a far more important role in the collective understanding of history than are the best scholarly histories. Because of the focus (...)
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  7.  1
    Nick Redfern (2006). Realism, Radical Constructivism, and Film History. Essays in Philosophy 7 (2):10.
    As a technology and an art form perceived to be capable of reproducing the world, it has long been thought that the cinema has a natural affinity with reality. In this essay I consider the Realist theory of film history out forward by Robert C. Allen and Douglas Gomery from the perspective of Radical Constructivism. I argue that such a Realist theory cannot provide us with a viable approach to film history as it presents a flawed description of (...)
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  8.  33
    Alberto Cordero (2012). Rejected Posits, Realism, and the History of Science. In Henk W. de Regt (ed.), Epsa Philosophy of Science: Amsterdam 2009. Springer 23--32.
    Summary: Responding to Laudan’s skeptical reading of history an influential group of realists claim that the seriously wrong claims past successful theories licensed were not really implicated in the predictions that once singled them out as successful. For example, in the case of Fresnel’s theory of light, it is said that although he appealed to the ether he didn’t actually need to in order to derive his famous experimental predictions—in them, we are assured, the ether concept was “idle,” “inessential,” (...)
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  9. Michael Esfeld (2005). Scientific Realism and the History of Science. Philosophy 1:1-15.
    The paper considers the two main challenges to scientific realism, stemming from confirmation holism and the underdetermination thesis as well as from semantic holism and the incommensurability thesis. Against the first challenge, it is argued that there are other criteria besides agreement with experience that enable a rational evaluation of competing theories. Against the second challenge, it is argued that at most a thesis of local incommensurability can be defended that is compatible with a minimal version of scientific (...), namely conjectural realism. However, in order to establish a fully-fledged scientific realism, one has to refute the local incommensurability thesis as well, showing how a comparison is possible on the level of the proper concepts of the theories in question. The paper examines the prospects for such a comparison, distinguishing three cases. (shrink)
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  10.  99
    Alberto Cordero, Rejected Posits, Realism, and the History of Science.
    Summary: Responding to Laudan’s skeptical reading of history an influential group of realists claim that the seriously wrong claims past successful theories licensed were not really implicated in the predictions that once singled them out as successful. For example, in the case of Fresnel’s theory of light, it is said that although he appealed to the ether he didn’t actually need to in order to derive his famous experimental predictions—in them, we are assured, the ether concept was “idle,” “inessential,” (...)
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  11.  83
    Aviezer Tucker (2009). The Philosophy of Natural History and Historiography Making Prehistory: Historical Science and the Scientific Realism Debate. Journal of the Philosophy of History 3 (4):385-394.
  12.  44
    Norman Melchert (1986). Metaphysical Realism and History. Analysis 46 (1):36 - 38.
    Could an "ideal theory" be false? metaphysical realism requires an affirmative answer. The question has usually been discussed in terms of physical theory. I argue that if we shift ground to historical narrative, We can be virtually certain that some "ideal stories" not only "can" be false, But "will" be false. If this argument is correct, Metaphysical realism is almost certainly true.
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  13.  55
    Karl Popper (1970). A Realist View of Logic, Physics, and History. In Hermann Bondi, Wolfgang Yourgrau & Allen duPont Breck (eds.), Physics, Logic, and History. New York,Plenum Press 1--37.
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  14.  16
    T. H. Irwin (2015). Shaftesbury’s Place in the History of Moral Realism. Philosophical Studies 172 (4):865-882.
    Whewell and ShaftesburyIn contemporary moral philosophy ‘moral realism’ refers to a position in the metaphysics of morality that is analogous to realism about ordinary objects, and to scientific realism about theoretical entities. It is a realist doctrine in contrast to non-cognitivism, constructivism, fictionalism, and nihilism about moral judgments and moral properties. But while these particular contrasts are characteristic of contemporary philosophy, realism itself is much older. Ross, Prichard, and Sidgwick, for instance, hold realist views in the (...)
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  15. Ian Shapiro (1982). Realism in the Study of the History of Ideas. History of Political Thought 3 (3):535-578.
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  16.  24
    Berel Lang (2004). Oskar Rosenfeld and the Realism of Holocaust-History: On Sex, Shit, and Status. History and Theory 43 (2):278–288.
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  17. Elfrieda Dubois (1991). Realism and Revolution: Balzac, Stendhal, Zola and the Performance of History. History of European Ideas 13 (5):640-641.
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  18. Brian Pinkstone (2003). 12 Critical Realism and Applied Work in Economic History. In Paul Downward (ed.), Applied Economics and the Critical Realist Critique. Routledge 220.
     
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  19. Karl Popper (1970). A Realist View of Physics, Logic and History. In Hermann Bondi, Wolfgang Yourgrau & Allen duPont Breck (eds.), Physics, Logic, and History. New York,Plenum Press 18.
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  20. Kayden V. White (1968). Romanticism, Historicism and Realism: Toward a Period Concept for Early 19th Century Intellectual History. In William John Bosenbrook & Hayden V. White (eds.), The Uses of History. Detroit, Wayne State University Press 45--58.
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  21.  98
    S. Morawski & S. Alexander (1961). Vicissitudes in the Theory of Socialist Realism: A Little Lesson in History Not to Be Ignored. Diogenes 9 (36):110-136.
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  22. Gilbert Harman (1982). Metaphysical Realism and Moral Relativism: Reflections on Hilary Putnam's Reason, Truth and History. Journal of Philosophy 79 (10):568-575.
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  23. P. Kyle Stanford (2003). No Refuge for Realism: Selective Confirmation and the History of Science. Philosophy of Science 70 (5):913-925.
    Realists have responded to challenges from the historical record of successful but ultimately rejected theories with what I call the selective confirmation strategy: arguing that only idle parts of past theories have been rejected, while truly success‐generating features have been confirmed by further inquiry. I argue first, that this strategy is unconvincing without some prospectively applicable criterion of idleness for theoretical posits, and second, that existing efforts to provide one either convict all theoretical posits of idleness (Kitcher) or stand refuted (...)
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  24. P. Kyle Stanford (2003). No Refuge for Realism: Selective Confirmation and the History of Science. Philosophy of Science 70 (5):913-925.
    Realists respond to Laudan's Pessimistic Induction with what I call the selective confirmation strategy: arguing that only idle parts of past theories have been rejected, while truly success-generating features have been confirmed by further inquiry. I argue first that this strategy is unconvincing without some prospectively applicable criterion of idleness for theoretical posits, and second, that existing efforts to provide one either convict all theoretical posits of idleness (Kitcher) or stand refuted by detailed consideration of the very examples (optical/electromagnetic ether, (...)
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  25.  66
    Olaf Tollefsen (1982). Realism, Conventionalism, and the History of Science. New Scholasticism 56 (3):292-305.
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  26.  24
    Friedrich Engels Whewell, Max Weber & Emile Durkheim Marx (1991). Science: Realism, Criticism, History. In Terrell Carver (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Marx. Cambridge University Press 106.
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  27.  4
    Cornelis De Waal (2010). The History of Philosophy Conceived as a Struggle Between Nominalism and Realism. Semiotica 2010 (179):295-313.
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  28.  8
    Christopher Lloyd (1989). Realism, Structurism, and History. Theory and Society 18 (4):451-494.
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  29.  38
    Graham Harman (2008). A Festival of Anti-Realism: Braver's History of Continental Thought. [REVIEW] Philosophy Today 52 (2):52-72.
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  30.  21
    Jonathan Barnes (1991). Leo Groarke: Greek Scepticism: Anti-Realist Trends in Ancient Thought. (McGill-Queen's Studies in the History of Ideas.) Pp. Xv + 176. Montreal & Kingston, London and Buffalo: McGill–Queen's University Press, 1990. £33.20. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 41 (02):500-501.
  31.  8
    Andrew Fiala (2002). Terrorism and the Philosophy of History: Liberalism, Realism, and the Supreme Emergency Exemption. Essays in Philosophy 3 (3):2.
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  32.  15
    Fabrice Pataut (1996). An Anti-Realist Perspective on Language, Thought, Logic and the History of Analytic Philosophy: An Interview with Michael Dummett. Philosophical Investigations 19 (1):1-33.
    The interview took place in Oxford on 10 September 1992. While working from the tape on the text of the interview, I decided to gather references to books and articles in footnotes so that the reader may have a sense of the flow of the conversation. I then divided the text into sections, according to the topics which were discussed. Some material has been edited from the original transcript.
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  33.  5
    David Byrne (2001). What Is Complexity Science? Thinking as a Realist About Measurement and Cities and Arguing for Natural History. Emergence: Complexity and Organization 3 (1):61-76.
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  34.  17
    C. G. Prado (2010). Review of Lee Braver, A Thing of This World: A History of Continental Anti-Realism. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (6).
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  35.  8
    John Burr (1966). Functional Realism and History. World Futures 4 (3):89-91.
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  36.  4
    Bradford McCall (2011). A Thing of This World: A History of Continental Anti-Realism. By Lee Braver. Heythrop Journal 52 (1):152-153.
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  37. A. D. Barder (2007). RW Dyson, Natural Law and Political Realism in the History of Political Thought. Volume I: From the Sophists to Machiavelli. Philosophy in Review 27 (2):108.
     
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  38. G. Buchdahl (1989). Reductive Realism and the Problem of Affection in Kant in An Intimate Relation. Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 116:221-241.
     
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  39. Lj Cohen & em ZEmach (1988). Realism Versus Anti-Realism: What Is the Issue? In Science in Reflection. The Israel Colloquium: Studies in History, Philosophy, and Sociology of Science (Vol. 3). [REVIEW] Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 110:81-101.
     
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  40. Michael Devitt (1984). Review of Putnam's Realism, Truth, and History. [REVIEW] Philosophical Review 93 (2):274--7.
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  41. James Farr (1991). Science: Realism, Criticism, History. In Terrell Carver (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Marx. Cambridge University Press 106--123.
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  42. J. Morgan (1982). History, Romance, and Realism in the Aithiopika of Heliodoros. Classical Antiquity 1:221-265.
     
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  43. Jm Nicholas (1989). Realism for Shopkeepers| Behaviouralist Notes on Constructive Empiricism in An Intimate Relation. Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 116:459-476.
     
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  44. Wolfgang Schaffarzyk (2010). Lee Braver-A Thing Of This World, A History of Continental Anti-Realism. Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 63 (1):47.
     
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  45.  10
    A. J. Baker (1986). Australian Realism: The Systematic Philosophy of John Anderson. Cambridge University Press.
    This book outlines the realist and pluralist philosophy of John Anderson, Australia's most original thinker. His teaching at Sydney University and his arti6es have deeply influenced Australian intellectual life. Several main themes run through his work, but Anderson never gave an overall account of his views. This is remedied here: exhibiting the range of Anderson's thought from logic, epistemology and theory of mind, to language and social theory, this volume sketches realism as a systematic philosophical position, while showing something (...)
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  46.  9
    Tobin Nellhaus (2010). Theatre, Communication, Critical Realism. Palgrave Macmillan.
    From oral culture, through the advent of literacy, to the introduction of printing, to the development of electronic media, communication structures have radically altered culture in profound ways. As the first book to take a critical realist approach to culture, Theatre, Communication, Critical Realism examines theatre and its history through the interaction of society’s structures, agents, and discourses. Tobin Nellhaus shows that communication structure—a culture’s use and development of speech, handwriting, printing, and electronics—explains much about why, when, and (...)
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  47.  3
    Martin Bunzl (1997). Real History: Reflections on Historical Practice. Routledge.
    In Real History , Martin Bunzl brilliantly succeeds in bringing together two schools of thought at the forefront of the philosophy of history: that of realism and objectivity. He shows us how the realism debate is inhabited by philosophers, whereas the objectivity argument lies in the hands of historians. In his lucid and direct style, Bunzl proposes a synthesis between these two parallel traditions. We see that what historians say they are doing is not necessarily what (...)
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  48.  9
    Klaus Petrus (1996). Naturgemässe Klassifikation Und Kontinuität Wissenschaft Und GeschichteNatural Classification and Continuity, Science and History. Some Reflections on Pierre Duhem. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 27 (2):307-323.
    Duhem is commonly held to have founded his view of history of science as continuous on the ‘metaphsical assertion’ of natural classification. With the help of a strict distinction between formal and material characterization of natural classification I try to show that this imputation is problematic, if not simply incorrect. My analysis opens alternative perspectives on Duhem's talk of continuity, the ideal form of theories, and the rôle of ‘bon sens’; moreover it emphasizes some aspects of Duhem's realism (...)
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  49.  10
    Dusan Boskovic (2005). Socialist Realism and Sreten Marić. Filozofija I Društvo 27:163-187.
    In histories of Serbian painting Sreten Marić is listed among the protagonists of socialist realism, and that on the basis of a single article - his criticism of an exhibition staged by the Association of Visual Artists of Serbia to the benefit of wounded veterans . Without denying the historical basis for this judgment, the author of the present paper pleads for a more nuance approach and propounds the thesis that socialist realism was primarily a complex pattern of (...)
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  50. Roy Bhaskar (2010). The Formation of Critical Realism: A Personal Perspective. Routledge.
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