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  1. Lynne Rudder Baker (2007). The Metaphysics of Everyday Life: An Essay in Practical Realism. Cambridge University Press.
    Lynne Rudder Baker presents and defends a unique account of the material world: the Constitution View. In contrast to leading metaphysical views that take everyday things to be either non-existent or reducible to micro-objects, the Constitution View construes familiar things as irreducible parts of reality. Although they are ultimately constituted by microphysical particles, everyday objects are neither identical to, nor reducible to, the aggregates of microphysical particles that constitute them. The result is genuine ontological diversity: people, bacteria, donkeys, mountains and (...)
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  2. Noell Birondo (2004). Moral Realism Without Values: An Essay on Reasons for Action. Dissertation, University of Notre Dame
    This essay defends a realist account of normative reasons for action that can disclaim the need for a realist account of moral value. The account of reasons for action aims to undermine the widely held thought that such reasons must be constituted by, or at least derived from, some of the psychological states of the agent whose reasons they are. On the view defended here, there can be correct moral judgments that capture the reasons there are for acting in certain (...)
     
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  3.  9
    Robert F. Almeder (1996). Blind Realism: An Essay on Human Knowledge and Natural Science. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Blind Realism originated in the deeply felt conviction that the widespread acceptance of Gettier-type counterexamples to the classical definition of knowledge rests in a demonstrably erroneous understanding of the nature of human knowledge. In seeking to defend that conviction, Robert F. Almeder offers a fairly detailed and systematic picture of the nature and limits of human factual knowledge.
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  4.  81
    Lynne Rudder Baker (2007). The Metaphysics of Everyday Life: An Essay in Practical Realism. Cambridge University Press.
    Lynne Rudder Baker presents and defends a unique account of the material world: the Constitution View. In contrast to leading metaphysical views that take everyday things to be either non-existent or reducible to micro-objects, the Constitution View construes familiar things as irreducible parts of reality. Although they are ultimately constituted by microphysical particles, everyday objects are neither identical to, nor reducible to, the aggregates of microphysical particles that constitute them. The result is genuine ontological diversity: people, bacteria, donkeys, mountains and (...)
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  5. Thomas Case (1877). Realism in Morals an Essay. James Parker and Co.
     
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  6. David J. Levy (1981). Realism an Essay in Interpretation and Social Reality. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  7.  20
    John W. Yolton (2000). Realism and Appearances: An Essay in Ontology. Cambridge University Press.
    This book addresses one of the fundamental topics in philosophy: the relation between appearance and reality. John Yolton draws on a rich combination of historical and contemporary material, ranging from the early modern period to present-day debates, to examine this central philosophical preoccupation, which he presents in terms of distinctions between phenomena and causes, causes and meaning, and persons and man. He explores in detail how Locke, Berkeley and Hume talk of appearances and their relation to reality, and offers illuminating (...)
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  8.  53
    Thomas Brante (2010). Review Essay: Perspectival Realism, Representational Models, and the Social Sciences. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 40 (1):107-117.
    In this book, Ronald Giere seeks to resolve the opposition between objectivism and constructivism by suggesting a third way, perspectival realism, according to which both sides are partly right. To prove his case, Giere reconstructs some of the acknowledged puzzle pieces in the philosophy of science (theory, observation, etc.). To my mind, of most interest is the piece Giere calls “representional model.” Constituting the basis of every science, it functions as a template that governs data collection as well as theory (...)
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  9. Joshua M. Mozersky (1999). Time, Truth and Realism: An Essay on the Semantics and Metaphysics of Tense. Dissertation, University of Toronto (Canada)
    Different beliefs concerning the metaphysical status of tense divide philosophers into two camps. Those who embrace a tensed theory of time argue that past, present and future correspond to genuine ontological distinctions. Those who deny the reality of such distinctions espouse a tenseless theory of time . In this essay I defend a tenseless account. ;I begin with an examination of the most prominent ontological conceptions of tense, finding them to be incoherent at worst, highly implausible at best. I then (...)
     
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  10.  31
    Anthony Wrigley (2009). The Metaphysics of Everyday Life: An Essay in Practical Realism. [REVIEW] Analysis 69 (2):370-372.
    Many materialist ontologies characterize the existence of everyday, middle-sized objects as reducible to collections or mereological sums of smaller, more fundamental particle constituents. Baker would have it otherwise and has set out a defence of her Constitution View of ontology that takes everyday objects to be irreducibly real and of a vast array of kinds.Motivating an interest in the metaphysics of everyday objects is not obviously straightforward when contemporary metaphysics is filled with attempts to answer seemingly more challenging questions about (...)
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  11. Robert F. Almeder (1991). Blind Realism: An Essay on Human Knowledge and Natural Science. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Blind Realism originated in the deeply felt conviction that the widespread acceptance of Gettier-type counterexamples to the classical definition of knowledge rests in a demonstrably erroneous understanding of the nature of human knowledge. In seeking to defend that conviction, Robert F. Almeder offers a fairly detailed and systematic picture of the nature and limits of human factual knowledge.
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  12. John W. Yolton (2005). Realism and Appearances: An Essay in Ontology. Cambridge University Press.
    This book addresses one of the fundamental topics in philosophy: the relation between appearance and reality. John Yolton draws on a rich combination of historical and contemporary material, ranging from the early modern period to present-day debates, to examine this central philosophical preoccupation, which he presents in terms of distinctions between phenomena and causes, causes and meaning, and persons and man. He explores in detail how Locke, Berkeley and Hume talk of appearances and their relation to reality, and offers illuminating (...)
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  13. Meyer Schapiro (1942). Courbet and Popular Imagery: An Essay on Realism and Naïveté. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 4 (3/4):164-191.
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    William W. Cobern & Cathleen C. Loving (2008). An Essay for Educators: Epistemological Realism Really is Common Sense. Science and Education 17 (4):425-447.
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  15.  29
    William Hasker (2011). The Metaphysics of Everyday Life: An Essay in Practical Realism. Faith and Philosophy 28 (1):108-111.
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  16.  44
    Charlotte Witt (2008). Review of Lynne Rudder Baker, The Metaphysics of Everyday Life: An Essay in Practical Realism. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2008 (7).
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  17.  43
    Jens Johansson (2009). The Metaphysics of Everyday Life: An Essay in Practical Realism – Lynne Rudder Baker. [REVIEW] Philosophical Quarterly 59 (235):365-368.
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  18.  26
    D. Rynin (1948). Remarks on M. Schlick's Essay “Positivism and Realism”. Synthese 7 (1):466 - 477.
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  19.  5
    Paul J. J. M. Bakker, Johannes M. M. H. Thijssen, Samantha Frost & Palo Alto (2008). Altman, Matthew C. A Companion to Kant's Critique of Pure Reason. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2008. Pp. Xviii+ 232. Paper, $30.00. Baker, Lynne Rudder. The Metaphysics of Everyday Life: An Essay in Practical Realism. Cambridge-New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007. Pp. Xv+ 253. Cloth, $85.00. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Philosophy 46 (3):495-98.
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  20.  7
    Louis Brunet (1986). CAHALAN, John C., Causal Realism : An Essay on Philosophical Method and the Foundations of KnowledgeCAHALAN, John C., Causal Realism : An Essay on Philosophical Method and the Foundations of Knowledge. Laval Théologique et Philosophique 42 (1):119-120.
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  21.  14
    Robert Sokolowski (1992). Review: Review Essay: Husserl and Analytic Philosophy and Husserlian Intentionality and Non-Foundational Realism. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52 (3):725 - 730.
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  22.  5
    Mieczyslaw Choynowski (1951). Review: D. Rynin, Remarks on M. Schlick's Essay "Positivism and Realism."; M. Schlick, David Rynin, Positivism and Realism; Morris Lazerowitz, Are Self-Contradictory Expressions Meaningless? [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 16 (1):67-69.
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  23.  10
    Frederick Sontag (2002). Yolton, John W. Realism and Appearances: An Essay in Ontology. Review of Metaphysics 55 (4):881-882.
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  24.  3
    Gerald L. Bruns (2001). The Obscurity of Modern Poetry : An Essay on Intimate Realism. Renascence 53 (3):173-190.
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  25.  4
    Mark T. Nelson (1995). Review: Blind Realism: An Essay on Human Knowledge and Natural Science. Philosophical Quarterly 45 (178):127.
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  26.  4
    T. L. Short (1994). Commemorative Essay. David Savan’s Defense of Semiotic Realism. Semiotica 98 (3-4):243-264.
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  27.  4
    Diane M. Hartmus (1991). Review Essay / Reform and Realism. Criminal Justice Ethics 10 (2):47-54.
    Larry W. Yackle, Reform and Regret: The Story of Federal Judicial Involvement in the Alabama Prison System New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989, xii+322 pp.
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  28.  8
    J. M. Barbeito Varela (2008). Review Essay: Moral Realism, Radical Politics: A Commentary on Terry Eagleton's Holy Terror. Philosophy and Social Criticism 34 (9):1103-1111.
    Some major leftist thinkers, including Alain Badiou, Slavoj Žižek and Terry Eagleton, have lately offered readings that claim the relevance of alternative interpretations of the Christian tradition in the face both of the conservative turn in the Catholic Church and of the contemporary secular oblivion of anything that has to do with religion. Furthermore, post-colonial studies have tended to blame the West en bloc for the disasters of past and present colonization, and have attacked the western endeavour to extend universal (...)
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  29.  1
    Howard Robinson (2002). Realism and Appearances: An Essay in Ontology. [REVIEW] Philosophy 77 (2):283-296.
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  30.  6
    R. Trigg (1985). Book Reviews : Realism: An Essay in Interpretation and Social Reality. By David Levy. Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Humanities Press, 1981. Pp. 138. $17.50. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 15 (1):82-85.
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  31.  5
    Samuel H. Pillsbury (2001). Review Essay / a Rough Country Guide: Double Jeopardy, Doctrine, and Realism. Criminal Justice Ethics 20 (1):53-65.
    George C. Thomas III, Double Jeopardy: The History, the Law New York University Press, 1998,349 pp.
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  32. Douglas Odegard (1992). Robert Almeder, Blind Realism: An Essay on Human Knowledge and Natural Science Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 12 (4):227-228.
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  33. Nico Stehr (1981). David J. Levy, Realism: An Essay in Interpretation and Social Reality Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 1 (2/3):96-97.
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  34.  1
    J. Manuel Barbeito Varela (2008). Review Essay: Moral Realism, Radical Politics a Commentary on Terry Eagleton's Holy Terror. Philosophy and Social Criticism 34 (9):1103-1111.
    Some major leftist thinkers, including Alain Badiou, Slavoj Žižek and Terry Eagleton, have lately offered readings that claim the relevance of alternative interpretations of the Christian tradition in the face both of the conservative turn in the Catholic Church and of the contemporary secular oblivion of anything that has to do with religion. Furthermore, post-colonial studies have tended to blame the West en bloc for the disasters of past and present colonization, and have attacked the western endeavour to extend universal (...)
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  35. Lynne Rudder Baker (2009). The Metaphysics of Everyday Life: An Essay in Practical Realism. Cambridge University Press.
    Lynne Rudder Baker presents and defends a unique account of the material world: the Constitution View. In contrast to leading metaphysical views that take everyday things to be either non-existent or reducible to micro-objects, the Constitution View construes familiar things as irreducible parts of reality. Although they are ultimately constituted by microphysical particles, everyday objects are neither identical to, nor reducible to, the aggregates of microphysical particles that constitute them. The result is genuine ontological diversity: people, bacteria, donkeys, mountains and (...)
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  36. Baker Brownell (1934). Earth is Enough. An Essay in Religious Realism. The Monist 44:157.
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  37. Mark Linville (2004). Harman and Thomson on Relativism Versus Realism: A Review Essay on Moral Relativism and Moral Objectivity. Philosophia Christi 6 (2):305-324.
     
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  38. T. Szubka (2002). YOLTON, JW-Realism and Appearances: An Essay in Ontology. Philosophical Books 43 (4):305-305.
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  39. Roger Trigg (1985). "Realism: An Essay in Interpretation and Social Reality" by David Levy. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 15 (1):82.
     
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  40. Frederick L. Will (1998). INDEX 313 Review Essay Pihlstrom, Sami. Pragmatic Realism and Transcendental Conditions. Review of Kenneth R. Westphal, Ed., Pragmatism and Realism, By. [REVIEW] Journal of Speculative Philosophy 12 (4):312.
     
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  41. Jonathan Bain (2013). Category-Theoretic Structure and Radical Ontic Structural Realism. Synthese 190 (9):1621-1635.
    Radical Ontic Structural Realism (ROSR) claims that structure exists independently of objects that may instantiate it. Critics of ROSR contend that this claim is conceptually incoherent, insofar as, (i) it entails there can be relations without relata, and (ii) there is a conceptual dependence between relations and relata. In this essay I suggest that (ii) is motivated by a set-theoretic formulation of structure, and that adopting a category-theoretic formulation may provide ROSR with more support. In particular, I consider how a (...)
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  42.  41
    Anil Gomes (forthcoming). Naïve Realism in Kantian Phrase. Mind.
    Early twentieth-century philosophers of perception presented their naïve realist views of perceptual experience in anti-Kantian terms. For they took naïve realism about perceptual experience to be incompatible with Kant’s claims about the way the understanding is necessarily involved in perceptual consciousness. This essay seeks to situate a naïve realist account of visual experience within a recognisably Kantian framework by arguing that a naïve realist account of visual experience is compatible with the claim that the understanding is necessarily involved in the (...)
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  43.  16
    Gerald Hull, A Normative Approach to Moral Realism.
    The realist belief in robustly attitude-independent evaluative truths – more specifically, moral truths – is challenged by Sharon Street’s essay “A Darwinian Dilemma for Realist Theories of Value”. We know the content of human normative beliefs and attitudes has been profoundly influenced by a Darwinian natural selection process that favors adaptivity. But if simple adaptivity can explain the content of our evaluative beliefs, any connection they might have with abstract moral truth would seem to be purely coincidental. She continues the (...)
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  44. James Genone (2016). Recent Work on Naive Realism. American Philosophical Quarterly 53 (1).
    Naïve realism, often overlooked among philosophical theories of perception, has in recent years attracted a surge of interest. Broadly speaking, the central commitment of naïve realism is that mind-independent objects are essential to the fundamental analysis of perceptual experience. Since the claims of naïve realism concern the essential metaphysical structure of conscious perception, its truth or falsity is of central importance to a wide range of topics, including the explanation of semantic reference and representational content, the nature of phenomenal consciousness, (...)
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  45.  10
    R. Martinelli (2014). Realism, Ontology, and the Concept of Reality. Etica E Politica 16 (2):526-532.
    This essay focuses on realism in ontology and on the problem of defining reality. According to the definition given by many realists, reality is independent of our thoughts, conceptual schemes, linguistic practices, etc. Yet, this merely negative definition of reality has some disadvantages: it implies a dualistic view, and it is incompatible with scientific realism. As an alternative, I introduce and discuss the traditional definition of reality as effectiveness, or capability of acting. I then attempt to determine to what extent (...)
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  46. Edward Slowik (2005). Spacetime, Ontology, and Structural Realism. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 19 (2):147 – 166.
    This essay explores the possibility of constructing a structural realist interpretation of spacetime theories that can resolve the ontological debate between substantivalists and relationists. Drawing on various structuralist approaches in the philosophy of mathematics, as well as on the theoretical complexities of general relativity, our investigation will reveal that a structuralist approach can be beneficial to the spacetime theorist as a means of deflating some of the ontological disputes regarding similarly structured spacetimes.
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  47. Timothy Williamson (2006). Must Do Better. In Patrick Greenough & Michael P. Lynch (eds.), Truth and Realism. Oxford University Press 278--92.
    Imagine a philosophy conference in Presocratic Greece. The hot question is: what are things made of? Followers of Thales say that everything is made of water, followers of Anaximenes that everything is made of air, and followers of Heraclitus that everything is made of fire. Nobody is quite clear what these claims mean, and some question whether the founders of the respective schools ever made them. But amongst the groupies there is a buzz about all the recent exciting progress. The (...)
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  48. Paul M. Churchland (1979). Scientific Realism and the Plasticity of Mind. Cambridge University Press.
  49. Willem A. deVries, Sellars, Realism, and Kantian Thinking. Normative Functionalism and the Pittsburgh School.
    This essay is a response to Patrick Reider’s essay “Sellars on Perception, Science and Realism: A Critical Response.” Reider is correct that Sellars’s realism is in tension with his generally Kantian approach to issues of knowledge and mind, but I do not think Reider’s analysis correctly locates the sources of that tension or how Sellars himself hoped to be able to resolve it. Reider’s own account of idealism and the reasons supporting it are rooted in the epistemological tradition that informed (...)
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  50. Henry E. Allison (2006). Transcendental Realism, Empirical Realism and Transcendental Idealism. Kantian Review 11 (1):1-28.
    This essay argues that the key to understanding Kant's transcendental idealism is to understand the transcendental realism with which he contrasts it. It maintains that the latter is not to be identified with a particular metaphysical thesis, but with the assumption that the proper objects of human cognitions are “objects in general” or “as such,” that is, objects considered simply qua objects of some understanding. Since this appears to conflict with Kant's own characterization of transcendental realism as the view that (...)
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