Search results for 'Rebecca Bensen Cain' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  13
    Rebecca Bensen Cain (2012). Plato on Mimesis and Mirrors. Philosophy and Literature 36 (1):187-195.
    The mirror analogy in Republic X (596c-e) helps Socrates formulate the conception of mimesis used to make the argument that the painter is an imitator and his works are inferior, being thrice-removed from reality (596a-598d). The painter is classified as an impostor by an unfair assimilation with the sophistic mirror-holder. The mirror analogy and its imaging-devices give Socrates a dialectical advantage that he would not otherwise have. If Socrates succeeds with Glaucon in showing that painters are imitators, his success is (...)
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  2.  4
    Rebecca Bensen Cain (2012). Greek and Roman Aesthetics by Bychkov, Oleg V. And Anne Sheppard. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 70 (2):242-245.
    This article is a book review. I provide a detailed summary and critical assessment of the anthology by Bychkov and Sheppard.
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  3.  22
    Robin Waterfield (2010). The Socratic Method: Plato's Use of Philosophical Drama. By Rebecca Bensen Cain. Heythrop Journal 51 (1):97-98.
  4. Gerald Press (2008). Rebecca Bensen Cain, The Socratic Method: Plato's Use of Philosophical Drama. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 28:322-324.
     
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  5.  11
    Rebecca Bensen (2001). A Reply to Rawson on the Meno. Southwest Philosophy Review 17 (2):117-121.
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  6.  21
    Rebecca Bensen (2003). A Conception of Logos in Plato's Theatetus. Southwest Philosophy Review 19 (2):89-92.
  7.  37
    R. Bensen Cain (2008). Shame and Ambiguity in Plato's Gorgias. Philosophy and Rhetoric 41 (3):pp. 212-237.
    The paper concerns the refutation of Polus (474c-475e). My approach to the refutation is to give a logical analysis of the argument and the fallacy in it. I argue that the verbal nature of the refutation is a valuable key to understanding the special emphasis that Plato places on the sophistic misuse of language.
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  8.  20
    Rebecca Bensen (2003). Does Socrates Have a Method?: Rethinking the Elenchus in Plato's Dialogues and Beyond (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 41 (2):266-267.
  9. Rebecca Bensen (2003). Does Socrates Have a Method? Journal of the History of Philosophy 41 (2):266.
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  10.  6
    Bill Cain (1992). Bill Cain on the Conference. Clr James Journal 3 (1):7-16.
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  11.  1
    David W. Cain (1972). Artistic Contrivance and Religious Communication: DAVID W. CAIN. Religious Studies 8 (1):29-44.
    Remarks to the effect that a correct answer depends upon a correct question —that from a misleading question there can result only a misleading answer—are common today. In fact, one might suspect that such common concentration on finding the right questions has something to do with what seems to be an uncommon lack of answers. This concentration on the importance of asking the right questions can be applied to the interpretation of biblical literature. For here, certainly, the questions asked are (...)
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  12.  3
    Rebecca Bensen Cain (2014). Rockmore, Tom. Art and Truth After Plato. University of Chicago Press, 2013, 344 Pp., $55.00 Cloth. [REVIEW] Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 72 (4):456-459.
    This article is a book review. I provide a detailed, chapter by chapter summary of Rockmore's book and a critical assessment of it.
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  13.  4
    Daylian M. Cain, George Loewenstein & Don A. Moore (2007). The Dirt on Coming Clean: Perverse Effects of Disclosing Conflicts of Interest. International Corporate Responsibility Series 3:81-99.
    Conflicts of interest can lead experts to give biased and corrupt advice. Although disclosure is often proposed as a potential solution to these problems, we show that it can have perverse effects. First, people generally do not discount advice from biased advisors as much as they should, even when advisors’ conflicts of interest are disclosed. Second, disclosure can increase the bias in advice because it leads advisors to feel morally licensed and strategically encouraged to exaggerate their advice even further. As (...)
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  14.  9
    Joe Cain (2009). Rethinking the Synthesis Period in Evolutionary Studies. Journal of the History of Biology 42 (4):621 - 648.
    I propose we abandon the unit concept of "the evolutionary synthesis". There was much more to evolutionary studies in the 1920s and 1930s than is suggested in our commonplace narratives of this object in history. Instead, four organising threads capture much of evolutionary studies at this time. First, the nature of species and the process of speciation were dominating, unifying subjects. Second, research into these subjects developed along four main lines, or problem complexes: variation, divergence, isolation, and selection. Some calls (...)
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  15.  25
    Lindley Darden & Joseph A. Cain (1989). Selection Type Theories. Philosophy of Science 56 (1):106-129.
    Selection type theories solve adaptation problems. Natural selection, clonal selection for antibody production, and selective theories of higher brain function are examples. An abstract characterization of typical selection processes is generated by analyzing and extending previous work on the nature of natural selection. Once constructed, this abstraction provides a useful tool for analyzing the nature of other selection theories and may be of use in new instances of theory construction. This suggests the potential fruitfulness of research to find other theory (...)
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  16. James Cain (2004). Free Will and the Problem of Evil. Religious Studies 40 (4):437-456.
    According to the free-will defence, the exercise of free will by creatures is of such value that God is willing to allow the existence of evil which comes from the misuse of free will. A well-known objection holds that the exercise of free will is compatible with determinism and thus, if God exists, God could have predetermined exactly how the will would be exercised; God could even have predetermined that free will would be exercised sinlessly. Thus, it is held, the (...)
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  17. James Cain (2003). Frankfurt Style Examples. Southwest Philosophy Review 19 (1):221-229.
    Frankfurt style examples (FSEs) have played an important role in the development of metaphysical accounts of moral agency. The legitimacy of this approach often requires that FSEs be metaphysically possible. I argue that, given our current knowledge of the nature of decision-making, we have no grounds to accept the metaphysical possibility of many standard FSEs involving a device that can be triggered to bring about a predetermined decision.
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  18. James Cain (1995). The Hume-Edwards Principle. Religious Studies 31 (3):323 - 328.
    The Leibniz-Clarke version of the cosmological argument allows for the possibility that there might be a beginningless succession of objects, each produced by earlier objects in the succession, but it is held that a causal question would then arise as to what brought this whole succession of objects into being. This line of thought is commonly said to be confused and an appeal is made to a principle that if a causal explanation has been provided for each member of a (...)
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  19.  76
    James Cain (2014). A Frankfurt Example to End All Frankfurt Examples. Philosophia 42 (1):83-93.
    Frankfurt examples are frequently used in arguments designed to show that agents lacking alternatives, or lacking ‘regulative control’ over their actions, can be morally responsible for what they do. I will maintain that Frankfurt examples can be constructed that undermine those very arguments when applied to actions for which the agent bears fundamental responsibility.
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  20. James Cain (2002). On the Problem of Hell. Religious Studies 38 (3):355-362.
    There is a conception of hell that holds that God punishes some people in a way that brings about endless suffering and unhappiness. An objection to this view holds that such punishment could not be just since it punishes finite sins with infinite suffering. In answer to this objection, it is shown that endless suffering, even intense suffering, is consistent with the suffering being finite. Another objection holds that such punishment is contrary to God's love. A possible response to this (...)
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  21.  16
    Joseph Cain (1994). Ernst Mayr as Community Architect: Launching the Society for the Study of Evolution and the Journalevolution. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 9 (3):387-427.
    Ernst Mayr''s contributions to 20th century biology extend far beyond his defense of certain elements in evolutionary theory. At the center of mid-century efforts in American evolutionary studies to build large research communities, Mayr spearheaded campaigns to create a Society for the Study of Evolution and a dedicated journal,Evolution, in 1946. Begun to offset the prominence ofDrosophila biology and evolutionary genetics, these campaigns changed course repeatedly, as impediments appeared, tactics shifted, and compromises built a growing coalition of support. Preserved, however, (...)
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  22. James Cain (1985). Some Radical Consequences of Geach's Logical Theories. Analysis 45 (2):83 - 88.
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  23. Gideon Sjoberg, Elizabeth A. Gill & Leonard D. Cain (2003). Countersystem Analysis and the Construction of Alternative Futures. Sociological Theory 21 (3):210-235.
    This essay explicates the role of countersystem analysis as an essential mode of social inquiry. In the process, particular attention is given to the place of negation and the future. One underlying theme is the asymmetry between the negative and the positive features of social activities, the negative being more readily identifiable empirically than the positive. A corollary theme, building on the observations of George Herbert Mead, is: one engages the present through experience; one engages the future through ideas. Furthermore, (...)
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  24. James Cain (1995). Infinite Utility. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 73 (3):401 – 404.
    Suppose we wish to decide which of a pair of actions has better consequences in a case in which both actions result in infinite utility. Peter Vallentyne and others have proposed that one action has better consequences than a second if there is a time after which the cumulative utility of the first action always outstrips the cumulative utility of the second. I argue against this principle, in particular I show how cases may arise in which up to any point (...)
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  25. M. J. Cain (2002). Fodor: Language, Mind, and Philosophy. Polity Press.
    Jerry Fodor is one of the most important philosophers of mind in recent decades. He has done much to set the agenda in this field and has had a significant influence on the development of cognitive science. Fodor's project is that of constructing a physicalist vindication of folk psychology and so paving the way for the development of a scientifically respectable intentional psychology. The centrepiece of his engagement in this project is a theory of the cognitive mind, namely, the computational (...)
     
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  26. James Cain & Zlatan Damnjanovic (1991). On the Weak Kleene Scheme in Kripke's Theory of Truth. Journal of Symbolic Logic 56 (4):1452-1468.
    It is well known that the following features hold of AR + T under the strong Kleene scheme, regardless of the way the language is Gödel numbered: 1. There exist sentences that are neither paradoxical nor grounded. 2. There are 2ℵ0 fixed points. 3. In the minimal fixed point the weakly definable sets (i.e., sets definable as {n∣ A(n) is true in the minimal fixed point where A(x) is a formula of AR + T) are precisely the Π1 1 sets. (...)
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  27.  9
    Carole Cain (1991). Personal Stories: Identity Acquisition and Self‐Understanding in Alcoholics Anonymous. Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 19 (2):210-253.
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  28.  26
    Joe Cain (2000). Woodger, Positivism, and the Evolutionary Synthesis. Biology and Philosophy 15 (4):535-551.
    In Unifying Biology, Smocovitis offers a series of claimsregarding the relationship between key actors in the synthesisperiod of evolutionary studies and positivism, especially claimsentailing Joseph Henry Woodger and the Unity of Science Movement.This commentary examines Woodger''s possible relevance to key synthesis actors and challenges Smocovitis'' arguments for theexplanatory relevance of logical positivism, and positivism moregenerally, to synthesis history. Under scrutiny, these arguments areshort on evidence and subject to substantial conceptual confusion.Though plausible, Smocovitis'' minimal interpretation – that somegeneralised form of Comtean (...)
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  29.  25
    H. L. I. Bornett, J. H. Guy & P. J. Cain (2003). Impact of Animal Welfare on Costs and Viability of Pig Production in the UK. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 16 (2):163-186.
    The European Union welfare standardsfor intensively kept pigs have steadilyincreased over the past few years and areproposed to continue in the future. It isimportant that the cost implications of thesechanges in welfare standards are assessed. Theaim of this study was to determine theprofitability of rearing pigs in a range ofhousing systems with different standards forpig welfare. Models were constructed tocalculate the cost of pig rearing (6–95 kg) in afully-slatted system (fulfilling minimum EUspace requirements, Directive 91630/EEC); apartly-slatted system; a high-welfare,straw-based system (...)
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  30.  51
    James Cain (2002). Is the Existence of Heaven Compatible with the Existence of Hell? Southwest Philosophy Review 18 (2):153-158.
  31.  57
    Constantine Sandis & M. J. Cain (2012). Preface. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 70:ix-x.
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  32.  84
    M. J. Cain (2010). Linguistics, Psychology and the Scientific Study of Language. Dialectica 64 (3):385-404.
    In this paper I address the issue of the subject matter of linguistics. According to the prominent Chomskyan view, linguistics is the study of the language faculty, a component of the mind-brain, and is therefore a branch of cognitive psychology. In his recent book Ignorance of Language Michael Devitt attacks this psychologistic conception of linguistics. I argue that the prominent Chomskyan objections to Devitt's position are not decisive as they stand. However, Devitt's position should ultimately be rejected as there is (...)
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  33.  60
    James Cain (2006). Trinity and Consistency. Faith and Philosophy 23 (1):45-54.
    P. T. Geach has argued that it is impossible to demonstrate that the doctrine of the Trinity is consistent. I try to show why -- on a common understanding of the notion of consistency -- his reasoning is flawed and why, on Geach’s own principles, one should expect that if the doctrine of the Trinity is true then it will be possible to prove that the doctrine is consistent, and it will be possible to do this in a way that (...)
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  34.  19
    Amanda Cain (2005). Books and Becoming Good: Demonstrating Aristotle's Theory of Moral Development in the Act of Reading. Journal of Moral Education 34 (2):171-183.
    In the Nicomachean ethics, Aristotle sets down a scattered and fractional account of the development of moral virtue within young people. Philosopher Martha Nussbaum defends Aristotle's neglect of a systematic account of moral development and argues that more complex expressions of character?building, such as learning to expose oneself to proper desires, feelings, pleasures and pains, are better illustrated through drama or literature than through philosophy. In this vein, the author draws upon literary thinkers J.B. Kerfoot, Sven Birkerts and Wayne C. (...)
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  35.  6
    Joe Cain (2002). Co-Opting Colleagues: Appropriating Dobzhansky's 1936 Lectures at Columbia. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 35 (2):207 - 219.
    This paper clarifies the chronology surrounding the population geneticist Theodosius Dobzhansky's 1937 book, "Genetics and the Origin of Species." Most historians assume (a) Dobzhansky's book began as a series of 'Jesup lectures,' sponsored by the Department of Zoology at Columbia University in 1936, and (b) before these lectures were given, Dobzhansky knew he would produce a volume for the Columbia Biological Series (CBS). Archival evidence forces a rejection of both assumptions. Dobzhansky's 1936 Columbia lectures were not Jesup lectures. The book (...)
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  36.  96
    M. J. Cain (2006). Concept Nativism and the Rule Following Considerations. Acta Analytica 21 (38):77-101.
    In this paper I argue that the most prominent and familiar features of Wittgenstein’s rule following considerations generate a powerful argument for the thesis that most of our concepts are innate, an argument that echoes a Chomskyan poverty of the stimulus argument. This argument has a significance over and above what it tells us about Wittgenstein’s implicit commitments. For, it puts considerable pressure on widely held contemporary views of concept learning, such as the view that we learn concepts by constructing (...)
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  37.  54
    James Cain (1989). The Doctrine of the Trinity and the Logic of Relative Identity. Religious Studies 25 (2):141 - 152.
    I EXPLORE ONE WAY IN WHICH THE THEORY OF RELATIVE IDENTITY (DEVELOPED ALONG LINES SUGGESTED BY GEACH’S WRITINGS) CAN BE USED TO UNDERSTAND THE WAY LANGUAGE FUNCTIONS IN TRINITARIAN DOCTRINE. THIS INCLUDES A DISCUSSION OF REDUPLICATIVE PROPOSITIONS.
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  38.  69
    M. J. Cain (2006). Review: The Mechanization of the Mind: On the Origins of Cognitive Science. [REVIEW] Mind 115 (457):145-148.
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  39.  23
    Christopher M. Cain (1997). Beowulf, the Old Testament, and the Regula Fidei. Renascence 49 (4):227-240.
  40.  1
    Daylian M. Cain, George Loewenstein & Don A. Moore (2005). Coming Clean but Playing Dirtier : The Shortcomings of Disclosure as a Solution to Conflicts of Interest. In Don A. Moore (ed.), Conflicts of Interest: Challenges and Solutions in Business, Law, Medicine, and Public Policy. Cambridge University Press 104.
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  41.  47
    M. J. Cain (2004). The Return of the Nativist. Philosophical Explorations 7 (1):1-20.
    Radical Concept Nativism (RCN) is the doctrine that most of our concepts are innate. In this paper I will argue in favour of RCN by developing a speculative account of concept acquisition that has considerable nativist credentials and can be defended against the most familiar anti-nativist objections. The core idea is that we have a whole battery of hard-wired dispositions that determine how we group together objects with which we interact. In having these dispositions we are effectively committed to an (...)
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  42.  77
    M. J. Cain (2004). Review: Representation and Behavior. [REVIEW] Mind 113 (451):555-559.
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  43.  12
    Andrew Cain (2009). Jerome's Epistula CXVII on the Subintroductae. Augustinianum 49 (1):119-143.
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  44.  44
    James Cain (2005). Utilitarianism and the Moral Significance of an Individual. Southwest Philosophy Review 21 (1):53-60.
    Classical utilitarianism attempts to reduce the moral significance of the individual to something more basic: the value of the individual is seen as fully grounded in considerations of utility maximization. This paper criticizes this aspect of utilitarianism and tries to do so through an appeal to considerations that would be acceptable to one who embraces utilitarianism. First, an example is developed in which (1) a pair of mutually exclusive actions each yield infinite utility; (2) neither action can be said to (...)
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  45.  22
    Joseph Allen Cain & Lindley Darden (1988). Hull and Selection. Biology and Philosophy 3 (2):165-171.
  46.  40
    M. J. Cain (2013). Conventions and Their Role in Language. Philosophia 41 (1):137-158.
    Two of the most fundamental questions about language are these: what are languages?; and, what is it to know a given language? Many philosophers who have reflected on these questions have presented answers that attribute a central role to conventions. In one of its boldest forms such a view runs as follows. Languages are either social entities constituted by networks of social conventions or abstract objects where when a particular community speaks a given language they do so in virtue of (...)
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  47.  14
    Joe Cain (1999). Why Be My Colleague's Keeper? Moral Justifications for Peer Review. Science and Engineering Ethics 5 (4):531-540.
    Justifying ethical practices is no easy task. This paper considers moral justifications for peer review so as to persuade even the sceptical individualist. Two avenues provide a foundation for that justification: self-interest and social contract theory. A wider notion of “interest” permits the self-interest approach to justify not only submitting one’s own work to peer review but also removing oneself momentarily from the production of primary knowledge to serve as a rigorous, independent, and honest referee. The contract approach offers a (...)
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  48.  14
    Lee Jussim, Kent D. Harber, Jarret T. Crawford, Thomas R. Cain & Florette Cohen (2005). Social Reality Makes the Social Mind: Self-Fulfilling Prophecy, Stereotypes, Bias, and Accuracy. Interaction Studies 6 (1):85-102.
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  49.  9
    J. Cain (2002). Epistemic and Community Transition in American Evolutionary Studies: The 'Committee on Common Problems of Genetics, Paleontology, and Systematics' (1942-1949). [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 33 (2):283-313.
    The Committee on Common Problems of Genetics, Paleontology, and Systematics (United States National Research Council) marks part of a critical transition in American evolutionary studies. Launched in 1942 to facilitate cross-training between genetics and paleontology, the Committee was also designed to amplify paleontologist voices in modern studies of evolutionary processes. During coincidental absences of founders George Gaylord Simpson and Theodosius Dobzhansky, an opportunistic Ernst Mayr moved into the project's leadership. Mayr used the opportunity for programmatic reforms he had been pursuing (...)
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  50.  1
    Ruth Cain (2009). “A View You Won't Get Anywhere Else”? Depressed Mothers, Public Regulation and 'Private' Narrative. Feminist Legal Studies 17 (2):123-143.
    The existence of ‘postnatal’ or maternal depression (PND) is contested, and subject to various medico-legal and cultural definitions. Mothers remain subject to complex systems of scrutiny and regulation. In medico-legal discourse, postnatal distress is portrayed as a tragic pathology of mysterious (but probably hormonal) origin. A PND diagnosis denotes ‘imbalance’ in the immediate postnatal period, although women experience increased incidence of depression throughout maternity. Current treatment patterns emphasise medication and tend to elide the perspective of the individual sufferer in favour (...)
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