Search results for 'Reference (Linguistics' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  2
    Alice R. Kaminsky (1994). Ora Avni., The Resistance of Reference: Linguistics, Philosophy, and the Literary Text. International Studies in Philosophy 26 (2):101-102.
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  2.  48
    Francois Recanati (1993). Direct Reference: From Language to Thought. Blackwell.
    This volume puts forward a distinct new theory of direct reference, blending insights from both the Fregean and the Russellian traditions, and fitting the general theory of language understanding used by those working on the pragmatics of natural language.
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  3.  60
    Barbara Abbott (2010). Reference. Oxford University Press.
    This book introduces the most important problems of reference and considers the solutions that have been proposed to explain them. Reference is at the centre of debate among linguists and philosophers and, as Barbara Abbott shows, this has been the case for centuries. She begins by examining the basic issue of how far reference is a two place (words-world) or a three place (speakers-words-world) relation. She then discusses the main aspects of the field and the issues associated (...)
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  4.  8
    Amichai Kronfeld (1990). Reference and Computation: An Essay in Applied Philosophy of Language. Cambridge University Press.
    This book deals with a major problem in the study of language: the problem of reference. The ease with which we refer to things in conversation is deceptive. Upon closer scrutiny, it turns out that we hardly ever tell each other explicitly what object we mean, although we expect our interlocutor to discern it. Amichai Kronfeld provides an answer to two questions associated with this: how do we successfully refer, and how can a computer be programmed to achieve this? (...)
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  5.  26
    Jeanette K. Gundel & Nancy Ann Hedberg (eds.) (2008). Reference: Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Oxford University Press.
    The ability to produce and understand referring expressions is basic to human language use and human cognition. Reference comprises the ability to think of and represent objects (both real and imagined/fictional), to indicate to others which of these objects we are talking about, and to determine what others are talking about when they use a nominal expression. The articles in this volume are concerned with some of the central themes and challenges in research on reference within the cognitive (...)
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  6.  25
    Kepa Korta (2011). Critical Pragmatics: An Inquiry Into Reference and Communication. Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: 1. Introduction; 2. A short history of reference; 3. Acts, roles and singular reference; 4. Elements of reference; 5. Demonstratives; 6. Context sensitivity and indexicals; 7. Names; 8. Definite descriptions; 9. Implicit reference and unarticulated constituents; 10. Locutionary content and speech acts; 11. Reference and implicature; 12. Semantics, pragmatics and critical pragmatics; 13. Harnessing information; 14. Examples.
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  7.  15
    N. J. Enfield & Tanya Stivers (eds.) (2007). Person Reference in Interaction: Linguistic, Cultural, and Social Perspectives. Cambridge University Press.
    How do we refer to people in everyday conversation? No matter the language or culture, we must choose from a range of options: full name ('Robert Smith'), reduced name ('Bob'), description ('tall guy'), kin term ('my son') etc. Our choices reflect how we know that person in context, and allow us to take a particular perspective on them. This book brings together a team of leading linguists, sociologists and anthropologists to show that there is more to person reference than (...)
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  8.  7
    Edward Gibson & Neal J. Pearlmutter (eds.) (2011). The Processing and Acquisition of Reference. The MIT Press.
    How people refer to objects in the world, how people comprehend reference, and how children acquire an understanding of and an ability to use reference.
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  9. Torben Thrane (1980). Referential-Semantic Analysis: Aspects of a Theory of Linguistic Reference. Cambridge University Press.
    Dr Thrane makes an original contribution to one of the central topics in syntax and semantics: the nature and mechanisms of reference in natural language. He makes a fundamental distinction between syntactic analyses that are internal to the structure of a language and analyses of the referential properties that connect a language with the 'outside world' - and therefore derive in some sense from common human capacities for perceptual discrimination. Dr Thrane argues that the failure to make this distinction (...)
     
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  10.  13
    Amanda Seidl (2001). Minimal Indirect Reference: A Theory of the Syntax-Phonology Interface. Routledge.
    This book investigates the nature of the relationship between phonology and syntax and proposes a theory of Minimal Indirect Reference that solves many classic problems relating to the topic. Seidl shows that all variation across languages in phonological domain size is due to syntactic differences and a single domain parameter specific to phonology.
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  11.  11
    Cornelia Zelinsky-Wibbelt (2000). Discourse and the Continuity of Reference: Representing Mental Categorization. Mouton De Gruyter.
    Chapter Introduction This work deals with two contrasting, but mutually interrelated capabilities of the human mind: reference and categorization. ...
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  12.  8
    Arthur Sullivan (2012). Reference and Structure in the Philosophy of Language: A Defense of the Russellian Orthodoxy. Routledge.
    Two distinctions within the category of designators -- Further defining the central theses -- Structure and rigidity -- Structure and naming -- Interlude: interim review and a look ahead -- Referential uses of denoting expressions -- Complex referring expressions -- Summary, overview, and general morals.
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  13.  20
    Aloysius Martinich (1984). Communication and Reference. W. De Gruyter.
    Chapter One: Introduction /. Why Study Philosophy of Language? Why should philosophers (or human beings in their leisurely reflective moments) be interested ...
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  14. Pierre Frath (ed.) (2008). Dénomination, Phraséologie Et Référence. Franz Steiner Verlag.
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  15.  7
    Richard A. Geiger (ed.) (1995). Reference in Multidisciplinary Perspective: Philosophical Object, Cognitive Subject, Intersubjective Process. G. Olms Verlag.
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  16. Kiyoshi Ishikawa (1998). A Network Theory of Reference. Indiana University Linguistics Club Publications.
     
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  17.  13
    Deborah Schiffrin (2006). In Other Words: Variation in Reference and Narrative. Cambridge University Press.
    Deborah Schiffrin looks at two important tasks of language--presenting 'who' we are talking about (the referent) and 'what happened' to them (their actions and attributes) in a narrative--and explores how this presentation alters in relation to emergent forms and meanings. Drawing on examples from both face-to-face talk and public discourse, she analyzes a variety of repairs, reformulations of referents, and retellings of narratives, ranging from word-level repairs within a single turn-at-talk, to life story narratives told years apart.
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  18.  57
    François Recanati (2012). Mental Files. Oxford University Press.
    Over the past fifty years the philosophy of language and mind has been dominated by a nondescriptivist approach to content and reference. This book attempts to recast and systematize that approach by offering an indexical model in terms of mental files. According to Recanati, we refer through mental files, the function of which is to store information derived through certain types of contextual relation the subject bears to objects in his or her environment. The reference of a file (...)
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  19.  18
    Patricia Hanna (2004). Word and World: Practice and the Foundations of Language. Cambridge University Press.
    This important book proposes a new account of the nature of language, founded upon an original interpretation of Wittgenstein. The authors deny the existence of a direct referential relationship between words and things. Rather, the link between language and world is a two-stage one, in which meaning is used and in which a natural language should be understood as fundamentally a collection of socially devised and maintained practices. Arguing against the philosophical mainstream descending from Frege and Russell to Quine, Davidson, (...)
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  20.  92
    Barbara C. Scholz, Francis Jeffry Pelletier & Geoffrey K. Pullum (2000). Philosophy and Linguistics. Dialogue 39 (3):605-607.
    Philosophy of linguistics is the philosophy of science as applied to linguistics. This differentiates it sharply from the philosophy of language, traditionally concerned with matters of meaning and reference.
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  21.  32
    Emar Maier (2015). Reference, Binding, and Presupposition: Three Perspectives on the Semantics of Proper Names. Erkenntnis 80 (S2):313-333.
    Linguistics and philosophy have provided distinct views on the nature of reference to individuals in language. In philosophy, in particular in the tradition of direct reference, the distinction is between reference and description. In linguistics, in particular in the tradition of generative grammar, the distinction is between pronouns and R-expressions. I argue for a third conception, grounded in dynamic semantics, in which the main watershed is between definites, which trigger presuppositions that want to be bound, and indefinites, (...)
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  22.  18
    Jerrold J. Katz (ed.) (1985). The Philosophy of Linguistics. Oxford University Press.
    In light of the sharp linguistic turn philosophy has taken in this century, this collection provides a much-needed and long-overdue reference for philosophical discussion. The first collection of its kind, it explores questions of the nature and existence of linguistic objects--including sentences and meanings--and considers the concept of truth in linguistics. The status of linguistics and the nature of language now take a central place in discussions of the nature of philosophy; the essays in this volume both inform these (...)
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  23.  4
    David B. Kronenfeld (1996). Plastic Glasses and Church Fathers: Semantic Extension From the Ethnoscience Tradition. Oxford University Press.
    Meaning seems to shift from context to context; how do we know when someone says "grab a chair" that an ottoman or orange crate will do, but when someone says "let's buy a chair," they won't? In Plastic Glasses and Church Fathers, Kronenfeld offers a theory that explains both the usefulness of language's variability of reference and the mechanisms which enable us to understand each other in spite of the variability. Kronenfeld's theory, rooted in the tradition of ethnoscience (or (...)
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  24.  6
    Kerstin Anna Kunz (2010). Variation in English and German Nominal Coreference: A Study of Political Essays. Peter Lang.
    0 Introduction 0.1 Variation in nominal coreference Nominal coreference has received much interest in the field of text linguistics as an essential strategy ...
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  25.  38
    R. J. Nelson (1992). Naming and Reference: The Link of Word to Object. Routledge.
    The problem of reference is central to the fields of linguistics, cognitive science, and epistemology yet it remains largely unresolved. Naming and Reference explains the reference of lexical terms, with particular emphasis placed on proper names, demonstrative pronouns and personal pronouns. It examines such specific issues as: how to account for the reference of names that are empty or speculative, which abound in science and philosophy, and how to account for intentional reference as in "he (...)
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  26.  76
    Mira Ariel (1990). Accessing Noun-Phrase Antecedents. Routledge.
    Introduction Introducing Accessibility theory 0.1 On the role of context Utterances cannot be processed and interpreted on their own. ...
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  27.  10
    Matthias Paul (1999). Success in Referential Communication. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    One of the most basic themes in the philosophy of language is referential uptake, viz., the question of what counts as properly `understanding' a referring act in communication. In this inquiry, the particular line pursued goes back to Strawson's work on re-identification, but the immediate influence is that of Gareth Evans. It is argued that traditional and recent proposals fail to account for success in referential communication. A novel account is developed, resembling Evans' account in combining an external success condition (...)
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  28. Grazia Basile (2012). La Conquista Delle Parole: Per Una Storia Naturale Della Denominazione. Carocci.
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  29. Shankara Bhat & N. D. (1981). Identification. Dravidian Linguistics Association.
     
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  30. Winfried Nöth (2008). Mediale Selbstreferenz: Grundlagen Und Fallstudien Zu Werbung, Computerspiel Und den Comics. Von Halem.
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  31. Gottlob Frege (1948). Sense and Reference. Philosophical Review 57 (3):209-230.
    This book is an analysis of Frege's views on language metaphysics raised in On Sense Reference, arguably one of the most important philosophical essays of the past hundred years. It provides a thorough introduction to the function/argument analysis and applies Frege's technique to the central notions of predication, identity, existence and truth. Of particular interest is the analysis of the Paradox of Identity and a discussion of three solutions: the little-known Begriffsschrift solution, the sense/reference solution, and Russell's 'On (...)
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  32.  25
    Judith Tonhauser (2011). Temporal Reference in Paraguayan Guaraní, a Tenseless Language. Linguistics and Philosophy 34 (3):257-303.
    This paper contributes data from Paraguayan Guaraní (Tupí-Guaraní) to the discussion of how temporal reference is determined in tenseless languages. The empirical focus of this study is on finite clauses headed by verbs inflected only for person/number information, which are compatible only with non-future temporal reference in most matrix clause contexts. The paper first explores the possibility of accounting for the temporal reference of such clauses with a phonologically empty non-future tense morpheme, along the lines of Matthewson’s (...)
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  33.  59
    Reinhard Muskens (2005). Sense and the Computation of Reference. Linguistics and Philosophy 28 (4):473 - 504.
    The paper shows how ideas that explain the sense of an expression as a method or algorithm for finding its reference, preshadowed in Frege’s dictum that sense is the way in which a referent is given, can be formalized on the basis of the ideas in Thomason (1980). To this end, the function that sends propositions to truth values or sets of possible worlds in Thomason (1980) must be replaced by a relation and the meaning postulates governing the behaviour (...)
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  34. Lynsey Wolter (2009). Demonstratives in Philosophy and Linguistics. Philosophy Compass 4 (3):451-468.
    Demonstrative noun phrases (e.g., that guy , this ) are of interest to philosophers of language and semanticists because they are sensitive to demonstrations or speaker intentions. The interpretation of a demonstrative therefore sheds light on the role of the context in natural language semantics. This survey reviews two types of approaches to demonstratives: Kaplan's direct reference treatment of demonstratives and other indexicals, and recent challenges to Kaplan's approach that focus on less obviously context-sensitive uses of demonstratives. The survey (...)
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  35.  29
    André Joly (1985). Cartesian or Condillacian Linguistics? Topoi 4 (2):145-149.
    This paper intends to deal with Condillacian Linguistics. Although the Condillacian philosophy of mind and analysis of language were the most important in the late eighteenth century, none of them is mentioned in Chomsky's work (1966, Cartesian Linguistics). It would be useful for the history of Western thought if Chomsky's monumental error were generally recognized and if Condillacian Linguistics were at last to find the place it rightly deserves. The main thesis of Condillac's linguistic ideas (language is the first step (...)
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  36.  12
    Andrea Bianchi & Alessandro Bonanini (2014). Is There Room for Reference Borrowing in Donnellan’s Historical Explanation Theory? Linguistics and Philosophy 37 (3):175-203.
    Famously, both Saul Kripke and Keith Donnellan opposed description theories and insisted on the role of history in determining the reference of a proper name token. No wonder, then, that their views on proper names have often been assimilated. By focusing on reference borrowing—an alleged phenomenon that Kripke takes to be fundamental—we argue that they should not be. In particular, we claim that according to Donnellan a proper name token never borrows its reference from preceding tokens which (...)
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  37.  24
    Barry Smith, Waclaw Kusnierczyk, Daniel Schober, & Werner Ceusters (2006). Towards a Reference Terminology for Ontology Research and Development in the Biomedical Domain. In Proceedings of KR-MED.
    Ontology is a burgeoning field, involving researchers from the computer science, philosophy, data and software engineering, logic, linguistics, and terminology domains. Many ontology-related terms with precise meanings in one of these domains have different meanings in others. Our purpose here is to initiate a path towards disambiguation of such terms. We draw primarily on the literature of biomedical informatics, not least because the problems caused by unclear or ambiguous use of terms have been there most thoroughly addressed. We advance a (...)
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  38.  26
    W. P. M. Meyer-Viol & H. S. Jones (2011). Reference Time and the English Past Tenses. Linguistics and Philosophy 34 (3):223-256.
    We offer a formal account of the English past tenses. We see the perfect as having reference time at speech time and the preterite as having reference time at event time. We formalize four constraints on reference time, which we bundle together under the term ‘perspective’. Once these constraints are satisfied at the different reference times of the perfect and preterite, the contrasting functions of these tenses are explained. Thus we can account formally for the ‘definiteness (...)
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  39.  11
    Janyce M. Wiebe & William J. Rapaport (1988). A Computational Theory of Perspective and Reference in Narrative. In Proceedings of the 26th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics.
    Narrative passages told from a character's perspective convey the character's thoughts and perceptions. We present a discourse process that recognizes characters' thoughts and perceptions in third-person narrative. An effect of perspective on reference in narrative is addressed: References in passages told from the perspective of a character reflect the character's beliefs. An algorithm that uses the results of our discourse process to understand references with respect to an appropriate set of beliefs is presented.
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  40.  58
    Alex Barber & Robert Stainton (eds.) (2009). Concise Encyclopedia of Philosophy of Language and Linguistics. Elsevier.
    [Publisher's description] -/- * Authoritative review of this dynamic field placed in an interdisciplinary context * Approximately 175 articles by leaders in the field * Compact and affordable single-volume format -/- The application of philosophy to language study, and language study to philosophy, has experienced demonstrable intellectual growth and diversification in recent decades. This work comprehensively analyzes and evaluates many of the most interesting facets of this vibrant field. An edited collection of articles taken from the award-winning Encyclopedia of Language (...)
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  41.  1
    Perry Meisel (ed.) (2011). Course in General Linguistics: Translated by Wade Baskin. Edited by Perry Meisel and Haun Saussy. Cup.
    The founder of modern linguistics, Ferdinand de Saussure inaugurated semiology, structuralism, and deconstruction and made possible the work of Jacques Derrida, Roland Barthes, Michel Foucault, and Jacques Lacan, thus enabling the development of French feminism, gender studies, New Historicism, and postcolonialism. Based on Saussure's lectures, _Course in General Linguistics_ traces the rise and fall of the historical linguistics in which Saussure was trained, the synchronic or structural linguistics with which he replaced it, and the new look of diachronic linguistics that (...)
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  42.  19
    Olivier Houdé (ed.) (2004). Dictionary of Cognitive Science: Neuroscience, Psychology, Artificial Intelligence, Linguistics, and Philosophy. Psychology Press.
    A translation of the renowned French reference book, Vocabulaire de sciences cognitives , the Dictionary of Cognitive Science presents comprehensive definitions of more than 120 terms. The editor and advisory board of specialists have brought together 60 internationally recognized scholars to give the reader a comprehensive understanding of the most current and dynamic thinking in cognitive science. Topics range from Abduction to Writing, and each entry covers its subject from as many perspectives as possible within the domains of psychology, (...)
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  43.  39
    Uwe Reyle, Antje Rossdeutscher & Hans Kamp (2007). Ups and Downs in the Theory of Temporal Reference. Linguistics and Philosophy 30 (5):565-635.
    This paper proposes a method for computing the temporal aspects of the interpretations of a variety of Germa sentences. The method is strictly modular in the sense that it allows each meaning-bearing sentence constituent to make its own, separate, contribution to the semantic representation of any sentence containing it. The semantic representation of a sentence is reached in several stages. First, an ‘initial semantic representation’ is constructed, using a syntactic analysis of the sentence as input. This initial representation is then (...)
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  44.  32
    Stefan Wintein (2011). A Framework for Riddles About Truth That Do Not Involve Self-Reference. Studia Logica 98 (3):445-482.
    In this paper, we present a framework in which we analyze three riddles about truth that are all (originally) due to Smullyan. We start with the riddle of the yes-no brothers and then the somewhat more complicated riddle of the da-ja brothers is studied. Finally, we study the Hardest Logic Puzzle Ever (HLPE). We present the respective riddles as sets of sentences of quotational languages , which are interpreted by sentence-structures. Using a revision-process the consistency of these sets is established. (...)
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  45.  30
    Ray Jackendoff (1998). Why a Conceptualist View of Reference? A Reply to Abbott. Linguistics and Philosophy 21 (2):211-219.
  46.  19
    Albert Flores (1978). On the Thesis of Intentionality. Philosophia 7 (July):501-514.
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  47.  19
    Siobhan Chapman & Christopher Routledge (eds.) (2005). Key Thinkers in Linguistics and the Philosophy of Language. Edinburgh University Press.
    A reference guide to the work of figures who have played an important role in the development of ideas about language.
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  48.  10
    John Haiman & Pamela Munro (eds.) (1983). Switch-Reference and Universal Grammar: Proceedings of a Symposium on Switch Reference and Universal Grammar, Winnipeg, May 1981. J. Benjamins Pub. Co..
    The contributions to this volume are concerned with questions of form, function, and genesis of canonical switch-reference systems.
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  49. Ana María Mora-Márquez (2015). The Thirteenth-Century Notion of Signification: The Discussions and Their Origin and Development. Brill.
    This book presents an exhaustive study of the three 13-century discussions explicitly dealing with the notion of Significatio. The study aims to show that the three discussions emerge because of apparently opposite claims about the signification of words in the authoritative literature of the period. It also shows that the three discussions develop in the same direction - towards a unified use of the notion of signification, which keeps its explanatory role in semiotics, but loses its role in grammar and (...)
     
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  50. Janyce M. Wiebe & William J. Rapaport (1988). "A Computational Theory of Perspective and Reference in Narrative",. In Proceedings of the 26th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (SUNY Buffalo). 131-138.
    Narrative passages told from a character's perspective convey the character's thoughts and perceptions. We present a discourse process that recognizes characters' thoughts and perceptions in third-person narrative. An effect of perspective on reference in narrative is addressed: References in passages told from the perspective of a character reflect the character's beliefs. An algorithm that uses the results of our discourse process to understand references with respect to an appropriate set of beliefs is presented.
     
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