Search results for 'Reference without Referents' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Mark Textor (2010). Proper Names and Practices: On Reference Without Referents. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 81 (1):105-118.
    This is review essay of Mark Sainsbury's Reference without Referents. Its main part is a critical discussion of Sainsbury's proposal for the individuation of proper name using practices.
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  2. Mark Sainsbury (2005). Reference Without Referents. Clarendon Press.
    Reference is a central topic in philosophy of language, and has been the main focus of discussion about how language relates to the world. R. M. Sainsbury sets out a new approach to the concept, which promises to bring to an end some long-standing debates in semantic theory. Lucid and accessible, and written with a minimum of technicality, Sainsbury's book also includes a useful historical survey. It will be of interest to those working in logic, mind, and metaphysics as (...)
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  3. R. M. Sainsbury (2005). Reference Without Referents. Oxford University Press Uk.
    Reference is a central topic in philosophy of language, and has been the main focus of discussion about how language relates to the world. R. M. Sainsbury sets out a new approach to the concept, which promises to bring to an end some long-standing debates in semantic theory.There is a single category of referring expressions, all of which deserve essentially the same kind of semantic treatment. Included in this category are both singular and plural referring expressions, complex and (...)
     
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  4.  58
    Z. G. Szabo (2008). Review: R. M. Sainsbury: Reference Without Referents. [REVIEW] Mind 117 (468):1123-1127.
  5.  13
    Peter Hanks (2006). Reference Without Referents, by R. M. Sainsbury. [REVIEW] Disputatio 1 (20):368 - 374.
  6.  33
    Emma Borg (2006). Reference Without Referents – R. M. Sainsbury. Ratio 19 (3):370–375.
  7.  22
    Stephen Barker (2007). Review of Mark Sainsbury, Reference Without Referents. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2007 (1).
  8.  4
    Zoltán Gendler Szabó (2008). Review: RM Sainsbury: Reference Without Referents. [REVIEW] Mind 117 (468):1123-1127.
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  9. S. C. Garrod (2011). Referential Processing in Monologue and Dialogue with and Without Access to Real World Referents. In Edward Gibson & Neal J. Pearlmutter (eds.), The Processing and Acquisition of Reference. The MIT Press 273--294.
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  10.  62
    Laura Schroeter (2013). Normative Realism: Co-Reference Without Convergence? Philosophers' Imprint 13 (13).
    This paper examines whether realists can explain co-reference without appealing to subjects’ ideal convergence in judgment. This question is particularly pressing in the normative domain, since deep disagreement about the applicability of normative predicates suggests that different speakers may not pick out the same property when they use normative terms. Normative realists, we believe, have not been sufficiently aware of the difficulties involved in providing a theory of reference-determination. Our aim in this paper is to clarify the (...)
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  11.  58
    Christopher Gauker (1990). Semantics Without Reference. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 31 (3):437-461.
    A theory of reference may be either an analysis of reference or merely an account of the correct use of the verb "refer". If we define the validity of arguments in the standard way, in terms of assignments of individuals and sets to the nonlogical vocabulary of the language, then we will be committed to seeking an analysis of reference. Those who prefer a metalinguistic account, therefore, will desire an alternative to standard semantics. One alternative is the (...)
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  12. Jaegwon Kim (1977). Perception and Reference Without Causality. Journal of Philosophy 74 (October):606-620.
  13. David Shier (1993). Russellian Non-Parallelism: Direct Reference Without Anti-Individualism. Dissertation, Wayne State University
    The Direct Reference account of the semantics of singular terms is widely assumed to be inconsistent with the traditional Individualist account of psychological states. Because of this assumption, and because of the weight of the evidence for Direct Reference, Anti-Individualism has found supporters despite its counterintuitiveness. In this dissertation, it is argued that Direct Reference and Individualism are not genuinely inconsistent, but that the inconsistency emerges only with the additional assumption of Propositionalism--the orthodox, proposition-based framework for understanding (...)
     
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  14.  40
    Chien-Hsing Ho (2012). One Name, Infinite Meanings: Jizang's Thought on Meaning and Reference. Journal of Chinese Philosophy 39 (3):436-452.
    Jizang sets forth a hermeneutical theory of “one name, infinite meanings” that proposes four types of interpretation of word meaning to the effect that a nominal word X means X, non-X, the negation of X, and all things whatsoever. In this article, I offer an analysis of the theory, with a view to elucidating Jizang's thought on meaning and reference and considering its contemporary significance. The theory, I argue, may best be viewed as an expedient means for telling us (...)
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  15. Jeff Mason (1990). Reviews : Joseph Margolis, Texts Without Referents: Reconciling Science and Narrative, Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1989, £32.50, Xxiii + 386 Pp. [REVIEW] History of the Human Sciences 3 (2):299-301.
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  16. Stephen Barker (2015). Expressivism About Reference and Quantification Over the Non-Existent Without Meinongian Metaphysics. Erkenntnis 80 (S2):215-234.
    Can we believe that there are non-existent entities without commitment to the Meinongian metaphysics? This paper argues we can. What leads us from quantification over non-existent beings to Meinongianism is a general metaphysical assumption about reality at large, and not merely quantification over the non-existent. Broadly speaking, the assumption is that every being we talk about must have a real definition. It’s this assumption that drives us to enquire into the nature of beings like Pegasus, and what our relationship (...)
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  17. Joseph Margolis (1989). Texts Without Referents: Reconciling Science and Narrative. Basil Blackwell.
     
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  18.  26
    Mark Norris Lance (1984). Reference Without Causation. Philosophical Studies 45 (3):335 - 351.
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  19.  10
    Peter Caws (1991). Texts Without Referents. International Studies in Philosophy 23 (3):132-132.
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  20.  24
    Eleonora Orlando (2008). Fictional Names Without Fictional Objects (Ficción Sin Metafísica). Critica 40 (120):111 - 127.
    In this paper, I criticize Mark Sainsbury's proposal concerning the semantic analysis of fictional discourse, as it has been put forward in chapter 6 of his Reference without Referents. His main thesis is that fictional names do not refer, and hence statements containing them are genuinely false and must be interpreted in terms of true paraphrases, arrived at on a case-by-case basis. In my opinion, the proposal has a problem derived from the fact that the relation between (...)
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  21.  26
    D. Davidson (1977). Reality Without Reference. Dialectica 31 (1):247--53.
    SummaryA dilemma concerning reference is posed: on the one hand it seems essential, if we are to give an account of truth, to first give an account of reference. On the other hand, reference is more remote than truth from the evidence in behavior on which a radical theory of language must depend, since words refer only in the context of sentences, and it is sentences which are needed to promote human purposes. The solution which is proposed (...)
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  22. Stephen Yablo (1993). Paradox Without Self--Reference. Analysis 53 (4):251-252.
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  23. George Yule (1982). Interpreting Anaphora Without Identifying Reference. Journal of Semantics 1 (3-4):315-322.
    It is proposed that, by adopting an antecedent-determined account of the interpretation of anaphoric pronominais, we may misrepresent what is actually required in the interpretive process. If we adopt an antecedent plus predicate(s)-determined account, we may arrive at massively over-specified representations which would seem to create a substantial processing load. Since it can be observed that one of the characteristics of conversational speech is the occurrence of ante-cedentless pronominais, it is suggested that the analytically required referential identity for anaphora resolution (...)
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  24. Tomis Kapitan, On Depicting Indexical Reference.
    According to Hector-Neri Castañeda, indexical reference is our most basic means of identifying the objects and events we experience and think about. Its tokens reveal our own part in the process by denoting what are "referred to as items present in experience" (Castañeda 1981, 285-6). If you hear me say, "Take that box over there and set it next to this box here," you learn something about my orientation towards the referents in a way that is not conveyed (...)
     
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  25.  29
    Keith Simmons (2005). A Berry and a Russell Without Self-Reference. Philosophical Studies 126 (2):253 - 261.
    In this paper I present two new paradoxes, a definability paradox (related to the paradoxes of Berry, Richard and König), and a paradox about extensions (related to Russell’s paradox). However, unlike the familiar definability paradoxes and Russell’s paradox, these new paradoxes involve no self-reference or circularity.
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  26.  7
    Alberto Voltolini (1995). Is Meaning Without Actually Existing Reference Naturalizable? Grazer Philosophische Studien 50:397-414.
    According to Jerry Fodor, meaningful expressions denoting no actual entity, like „unicom", do not constitute an exception to his project of semantic naturalization based on the notion of asymmetrical dependence between causal relations. But Fodor does not give any principled reason in order to show that, say, a non-unicom caused "unicom"-token means UNICORN, as he on the contrary does regarding a non-X caused "X"-token for any existing X. Nevertheless, his claim that one such expression has a mere denotational meaning can (...)
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  27.  11
    Alberto Voltolini (1995). Is Meaning Without Actually Existing Reference Naturalizable? Grazer Philosophische Studien 50:397-414.
    According to Jerry Fodor, meaningful expressions denoting no actual entity, like „unicom", do not constitute an exception to his project of semantic naturalization based on the notion of asymmetrical dependence between causal relations. But Fodor does not give any principled reason in order to show that, say, a non-unicom caused "unicom"-token means UNICORN, as he on the contrary does regarding a non-X caused "X"-token for any existing X. Nevertheless, his claim that one such expression has a mere denotational meaning can (...)
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  28. Howard Wettstein, Referents and Fixing Reference.
    Wittgenstein speaks of the fog that surrounds the workings of language. Our ways of thinking about reference contribute generously to the fog. While a full discussion would constitute a book-length project, my aims here are quite limited. I want to have a look at the idea that reference is a relation between a piece of language and a piece of reality. The idea might seem unexceptional and unexceptionable; names, for example, name things, and “relation” seems just right. But (...)
     
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  29. Pierre Cruse & David Papineau (2002). Scientific Realism Without Reference. In Michele Marsonet (ed.), The Problem of Realism. Ashgate 174--189.
     
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  30.  58
    Neil Tennant (1995). On Paradox Without Self-Reference. Analysis 55 (3):199 - 207.
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  31.  88
    G. K. Vemulapalli (2010). Thermodynamics and Chemistry: How Does a Theory Formulated Without Reference to Matter Explain the Properties of Matter? Philosophy of Science 77 (5):911-920.
  32.  39
    T. Matolcsi (1998). Spacetime Without Reference Frames: An Application to Synchronizations on a Rotating Disk. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 28 (11):1685-1701.
    Nonstandard synchronizations of inertial observers in special relativity and synchronizations with respect to a uniformly rotating observer are investigated in a setting which avoids coordinates and transformation rules and so removes some misunderstandings.
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  33. Jennifer E. Arnold, Loisa Bennetto & Joshua J. Diehl (2009). Reference Production in Young Speakers with and Without Autism: Effects of Discourse Status and Processing Constraints. Cognition 110 (2):131-146.
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  34.  46
    T. Matolcsi & A. Goher (2001). Spacetime Without Reference Frames: An Application to the Velocity Addition Paradox. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 32 (1):83-99.
    Much conceptualisation in contemporary physics is bogged down by unnecessary assumptions concerning a specific choice of coordinates which often leads to misunderstandings and paradoxes. Considering an absolute (coordinate-free) formulation of special relativistic spacetime, we show clearly that the velocity addition paradox emerged because the use of coordinates obscures that the space of relativistic observers is 'more relative' than the space of non-relativistic observers.
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  35.  15
    Rolf A. Eberle (1978). Semantic Analysis Without Reference to Abstract Entities. The Monist 61 (3):363-383.
  36.  18
    Robert C. Koons (1990). Doxastic Paradoxes Without Self-Reference. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 68 (2):168 – 177.
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  37.  30
    Bartosz Wieckowski, Modality Without Reference. An Alternative Semantics for Substitutional Quantified Modal Logic and its Philosophical Significance.
    This dissertation develops a substitutional semantics for first-order (modal) logic which, unlike truth-value semantics, allows a fine-grained analysis of the semantical behaviour of the terms and predicates from which atomic formulae are composed. Moreover, it proposes a nondenotational philosophical foundation for the semantics of substitutional quantified (modal) logic.
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  38.  25
    Martha Hurst (1934). Can the Law of Contradiction Be Stated Without Reference to Time? Journal of Philosophy 31 (19):518-525.
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  39.  19
    Felix Mühlhölzer (1995). Science Without Reference? Erkenntnis 42 (2):203 - 222.
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  40.  3
    Dave Rynard & Derek Besner (1987). Basic Processes in Reading: On the Development of Cross-Case Letter Matching Without Reference to Phonology. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 25 (5):361-363.
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  41. Hugo Eduardo Herrera (2011). Passivity Without Reference. Salomon Maimon's Contribution to the Development of Idealism. Pensamiento 67 (252):279-293.
     
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  42. Gregory Johnson (1992). Without Sense or Reference: J. G. Merquior's From Prague to Paris: A Critique of Structuralist and Post-Structuralist Thought. [REVIEW] Reason Papers 17:153-160.
  43. T. Matolcsi & A. Goher (2001). Spacetime Without Reference Frames: An Application to the Velocity Addition Paradox. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 32 (1):83-99.
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  44. Felix M.�Hlh�Lzer (1995). Science Without Reference? Erkenntnis 42 (2):203-222.
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  45. Keith Simmons (2005). A Berry and A Russell Without Self-Reference. Philosophical Studies 126 (2):253-261.
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  46.  27
    Mircea Dumitru & Frederick Kroon (2008). What to Say When There Is Nothing to Talk About (Qué Decir Cuando No Hay Nada de Que Hablar). Critica 40 (120):97 - 109.
    In Reference without Referents, Mark Sainsbury aims to provide an account of reference that honours the common-sense view that sentences containing empty names like "Vulcan" and "Santa Claus" are entirely intelligible, and that many such sentences -"Vulcan doesn't exist", "Many children believe that Santa Claus will give them presents at Christmas", etc.- are literally true. Sainsbury's account endorses the Davidsonian program in the theory of meaning, and combines this with a commitment to Negative Free Logic, which (...)
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  47.  13
    R. M. Sainsbury (2008). Intensional Transitives and Presuppositions (Transitivos Intensionales y Presuposiciones). Critica 40 (120):129 - 139.
    My commentators point to respects in which the picture provided in Reference without Referents is incomplete. The picture provided no account of how sentences constructed from intensional verbs (like "John thought about Pegasus") can be true when one of the referring expressions fails to refer. And it gave an incomplete, and possibly misleading, account of how to understand certain serious uses of fictional names, as in "Anna Karenina is more intelligent than Emma Bovary" and "Anna Karenina does (...)
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  48.  6
    Manuel García-Carpintero (2008). Homophonic Prejudices (Prejuicios homofónicos). Critica 40 (120):67 - 84.
    I critically discuss some aspects of Mark Sainsbury's Reference without Referents, from an otherwise sympathetic viewpoint. My objections focus on the adequacy of the truth-conditional framework that Sainsbury presupposes. I argue that, as semantic theories, truth-conditional accounts are both too ambitious, and too austere to be fully explanatory, and that both problems have consequences for an account of reference. The latter problem has to do with the difficulties to capture in a truth-conditional framework the descriptive contribution (...)
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  49.  26
    Karen S. Lewis (2013). Speaker's Reference and Anaphoric Pronouns. Philosophical Perspectives 27 (1):404-437.
  50. Maria Bittner, Tense, Mood, and Centering.
    Natural languages exhibit a great variety of grammatical paradigms. For instance, in English verbs are grammatically marked for tense, whereas in the tenseless Eskimo-Aleut language Kalaallisut they are marked for illocutionary mood. Although time is a universal dimension of the human experience and speaking is part of that experience, some languages encode reference to time without any grammatical tense morphology, or reference to speech acts without any illocutionary mood morphology. Nevertheless, different grammatical systems are semantically parallel (...)
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