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Reidar K. Lie [16]Reidar Krummradt Lie [4]
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Profile: Reidar Lie (Bergen University)
  1. Reidar K. Lie (2010). The Fair Benefits Approach Revisited. Hastings Center Report 40 (4):3-3.
    In this issue, Alex London and Kevin Zollman provide an analysis of an influential approach to the ethics of international research, known as the “fair benefits” approach. According to them, the fair benefits approach suffers from a fatal flaw: it is either too vague to be useful, or worse, is internally inconsistent. The fair benefits approach was developed based on a presentation I gave at a workshop organized in Malawi in March 2001 by the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center’s (...)
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  2. Xinqing Zhang, Kenji Matsui, Benjamin Krohmal, Alaa Zeid, Vasantha Muthuswamy, Young Koo, Yoshikuni Kita & Reidar K. Lie (2010). Attitudes Towards Transfers of Human Tissue Samples Across Borders: An International Survey of Researchers and Policy Makers in Five Countries. BMC Medical Ethics 11 (1):16-.
    Background: Sharing of tissue samples for research and disease surveillance purposes has become increasingly important. While it is clear that this is an area of intense, international controversy, there is an absence of data about what researchers themselves and those involved in the transfer of samples think about these issues, particularly in developing countries. Methods: A survey was carried out in a number of Asian countries and in Egypt to explore what researchers and others involved in research, storage and transfer (...)
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  3. Reidar K. Lie (2008). Ezekiel J. Emanuel. In Ezekiel J. Emanuel (ed.), The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics. Oxford University Press. 3.
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  4. Lindsay M. Sabik & Reidar K. Lie, Priority Setting in Health Care: Lessons From the Experiences of Eight Countries.
    All health care systems face problems of justice and efficiency related to setting priorities for allocating a limited pool of resources to a population. Because many of the central issues are the same in all systems, the United States and other countries can learn from the successes and failures of countries that have explicitly addressed the question of health care priorities. We review explicit priority setting efforts in Norway, Sweden, Israel, the Netherlands, Denmark, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the (...)
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  5. Lindsay M. Sabik & Reidar K. Lie (2008). Principles Versus Procedures in Making Health Care Coverage Decisions: Addressing Inevitable Conflicts. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (2):73-85.
    It has been suggested that focusing on procedures when setting priorities for health care avoids the conflicts that arise when attempting to agree on principles. A prominent example of this approach is “accountability for reasonableness.” We will argue that the same problem arises with procedural accounts; reasonable people will disagree about central elements in the process. We consider the procedural condition of appeal process and three examples of conflicts over coverage decisions: a patients’ rights law in Norway, health technologies coverage (...)
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  6. Thomas E. Novotny, Emilio Mordini, Ruth Chadwick, J. Martin Pedersen, Fabrizio Fabbri, Reidar K. Lie, Natapong Thanachaiboot, Elias Mossialos & Govin Permanand, Bioethical Implications of Globalization: An International Consortium Project of the European Commission.
    The term “globalization” was popularized by Marshall McLuhan in War and Peace in the Global Village. In the book, McLuhan described how the global media shaped current events surrounding the Vietnam War [1] and also predicted how modern information and communication technologies would accelerate world progress through trade and knowledge development. Globalization now refers to a broad range of issues regarding the movement of goods and services through trade liberalization, and the movement of people through migration. Much has also been (...)
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  7. Nikola Biller-Andorno, Reidar K. Lie & Ruud Ter Meulen (2002). Evidence-Based Medicine as an Instrument for Rational Health Policy. Health Care Analysis 10 (3):261-275.
    This article tries to present a broad view on the values and ethicalissues that are at stake in efforts to rationalize health policy on thebasis of economic evaluations (like cost-effectiveness analysis) andrandomly controlled clinical trials. Though such a rationalization isgenerally seen as an objective and `value free' process, moral valuesoften play a hidden role, not only in the production of `evidence', butalso in the way this evidence is used in policy making. For example, thedefinition of effectiveness of medical treatment or (...)
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  8. Reidar K. Lie (2002). The HIV Perinatal Transmission Studies and the Debate About the Revision of the Helsinki Declaration. In Reidar Krummradt Lie (ed.), Healthy Thoughts: European Perspectives on Health Care Ethics. Peeters. 189--206.
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  9. Reidar Krummradt Lie (ed.) (2002). Healthy Thoughts: European Perspectives on Health Care Ethics. Peeters.
    This book, edited by a team of leading European bioethicists, is in all respects an innovative publication.
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  10. Reidar K. Lie (1998). Ethics of Placebo Controlled Trials in Developing Countries. Bioethics 12 (4):307–311.
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  11. Paola Cuzzani & Reidar K. Lie (1991). The Importance of Epistemology for Clinical Practice. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 12 (1):87-90.
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  12. Reidar K. Lie (1991). Patterns of Theory Change in Biomedicine: A Case Study From Cardiology. Synthese 89 (1):75 - 88.
    This article presents a case study from the history of cardiology, namely, the development towards the acceptance of the coronary theory of angina pectoris. I show that the arguments which were considered decisive against the theory were not answered at the time the theory was accepted. I also point out that the experimental and practical success of the theory cannot be used to support the initial choice because, in the subsequent development, the field researchers became preoccupied with new questions and (...)
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  13. Reidar K. Lie & John Root Stone (1989). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 10 (3).
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  14. Wolfgang U. Eckart, Marion Weber, Reidar Krummradt Lie & Reidar K. Lie (1988). Reviews. [REVIEW] Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 9 (3).
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  15. Reidar K. Lie (1987). Review. [REVIEW] Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (2).
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  16. Reidar K. Lie (1986). An Examination and Critique of Harsanyi's Version of Utilitarianism. Theory and Decision 21 (1):65-83.
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  17. Reidar Krummradt Lie (1986). The 'Borderzone Zone' Controversy a Study of Theory Structure in Biomedicine. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 7 (3).
    This paper gives an account of theory structure in the biomedical sciences with particular emphasis on cardiology. Rather than regarding theories as axiomatizable sets of statements (the so-called received view), theories are regarded as answers to questions which are accepted as legitimate and interesting by scientists within a field of investigation at a given time. This account of theory structure is used to distinguish between theories which are quite liable to be revised during the course of scientific investigation, here called (...)
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  18. Reidar K. Lie (1984). The Use of Interval Estimators as a Basis for Decision-Making in Medicine. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 5 (3).
    Decision analysts sometimes use the results of clinical trials in order to evaluate treatment alternatives. I discuss some problems associated with this, and in particular I point out that it is not valid to use the estimates from clinical trials as the probabilities of events which are needed for decision analysis. I also attempt to show that an approach based on objective statistical theory may have advantages over commonly used methods based on decision theory. These advantages include the recognition of (...)
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