Search results for 'Reiner Schaefer' (try it on Scholar)

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Profile: Reiner Schaefer (University of Guelph)
  1. Reiner Schaefer (2011). A Defence of AI-Functionalism Against Brandom's Arguments From Holism and the Frame Problem. Dialogue 50 (04):741-750.score: 240.0
    ABSTRACT: Brandom argues that functionalism must ultimately fail because it will not be able to explain how we can holistically update our beliefs solely in terms of abilities possessed by non-linguistic things. In this paper I respond to this argument by arguing that non-linguistic animals encounter and overcome an analogous sort of holistic updating problem. I will also try to demystify holism and de-intellectualize language use/reasoning.
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  2. Robert Pierson & Richard Reiner (2008). Explanatory Warrant for Scientific Realism. Synthese 161 (2):271 - 282.score: 30.0
    Nancy Cartwright relies upon an inference pattern known as inference to the best causal explanation (IBCE) to support a limited form of entity realism, according to which we are warranted in believing in entities that purportively cause observable effects. IBCE, as usually understood, is valid, even though all other forms of inference to the best explanation (IBE) are usually understood to be invalid. We argue that IBCE and IBE are in the same boat with respect to their ability to support (...)
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  3. Richard Reiner & Robert Pierson (1995). Hacking's Experimental Realism: An Untenable Middle Ground. Philosophy of Science 62 (1):60-69.score: 30.0
    As Laudan and Fine show, and Boyd concedes, the attempt to infer the truth of scientific realism from the fact that it putatively provides the best explanation of the instrumental success of science is circular, since what is to be shown is precisely the legitimacy of such abductive inferences. Hacking's "experimental argument for scientific realism about entities" is one of the few arguments for scientific realism that purports to avoid this circularity. We argue that Hacking's argument is as dependent on (...)
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  4. David Lewis Schaefer (2007). Procedural Versus Substantive Justice: Rawls and Nozick. Social Philosophy and Policy 24 (1):164-186.score: 30.0
    This paper critically assesses the “procedural” accounts of political justice set forth by John Rawls in A Theory of Justice (1971) and Robert Nozick in Anarchy, State, and Utopia (1974). I argue that the areas of agreement between Rawls and Nozick are more significant than their disagreements. Even though Nozick offers trenchant criticisms of Rawls's argument for economic redistribution (the “difference principle”), Nozick's own economic libertarianism is undermined by his “principle of rectification,” which he offers as a possible ground in (...)
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  5. Brian P. Schaefer (2008). Shareholders and Social Responsibility. Journal of Business Ethics 81 (2):297 - 312.score: 30.0
    The article presents an analysis and critique of Milton Friedman’s argument that the social responsibility of business is merely to increase its profits. The analysis uncovers a central claim that Friedman implies, but does not explicitly defend, namely that the shareholders of a corporation have no duty to direct that corporation’s management to exercise social responsibility. An argument against this claim is then advanced by way of a convergence strategy, whereby multiple influential moral approaches are shown to align themselves against (...)
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  6. Daniel Buchman, Judy Illes & Peter Reiner (2011). The Paradox of Addiction Neuroscience. Neuroethics 4 (2):65-77.score: 30.0
    Neuroscience has substantially advanced the understanding of how changes in brain biochemistry contribute to mechanisms of tolerance and physical dependence via exposure to addictive drugs. Many scientists and mental health advocates scaffold this emerging knowledge by adding the imprimatur of disease, arguing that conceptualizing addiction as a brain disease will reduce stigma amongst the folk. Promoting a brain disease concept is grounded in beneficent and utilitarian thinking: the language makes room for individuals living with addiction to receive the same level (...)
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  7. Peter Schroeder-Heister & Frank Schaefer (1989). Reduction, Representation and Commensurability of Theories. Philosophy of Science 56 (1):130-157.score: 30.0
    Theories in the usual sense, as characterized by a language and a set of theorems in that language ("statement view"), are related to theories in the structuralist sense, in turn characterized by a set of potential models and a subset thereof as models ("non-statement view", J. Sneed, W. Stegmüller). It is shown that reductions of theories in the structuralist sense (that is, functions on structures) give rise to so-called "representations" of theories in the statement sense and vice versa, where representations (...)
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  8. David J. Schaefer & Brenda Dervin (2009). From the Dialogic to the Contemplative: A Conceptual and Empirical Rethinking of Online Communication Outcomes as Verbing Micro-Practices. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 11 (4):265-278.score: 30.0
    Traditional approaches to studying communication in public spheres draw upon a product or outcome orientation that has prevented researchers from theorizing more specifically about how communication behaviors either inhibit or facilitate dialogic processes. Additionally, researchers typically emphasize consensus as a preferred outcome. Drawing upon a methodology explicitly developed to study communicating using a verb-oriented framework, we analyzed 1,360 postings from online pedagogical discussions. Our analysis focused on verbing micro-practices, the dynamic communicative actions through which participants make and unmake public spheres. (...)
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  9. Richard Reiner (1995). Arguments Against the Possibility of Perfect Rationality. Minds and Machines 5 (3):373-89.score: 30.0
    Many different arguments against the possibility of perfect rationality have appeared in the literature, and these target several different conceptions of perfect rationality. It is not clear how these different conceptions of perfect rationality are related, nor is it clear how the arguments showing their impossibility are related, and it is especially unclear what the impossibility results show when taken together. This paper gives an exposition of the different conceptions of perfect rationality, an the various sorts of argument against them; (...)
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  10. Daniel Buchman & Peter Reiner (2009). Stigma and Addiction: Being and Becoming. American Journal of Bioethics 9 (9):18-19.score: 30.0
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  11. Alan Wertheimer, Joseph Millum & G. Owen Schaefer (2010). Why Adopt a Maximin Theory of Exploitation? American Journal of Bioethics 10 (6):38-39.score: 30.0
  12. Nicholas S. Fitz, Roland Nadler, Praveena Manogaran, Eugene W. J. Chong & Peter B. Reiner (2014). Public Attitudes Toward Cognitive Enhancement. Neuroethics 7 (2):173-188.score: 30.0
    Vigorous debate over the moral propriety of cognitive enhancement exists, but the views of the public have been largely absent from the discussion. To address this gap in our knowledge, four experiments were carried out with contrastive vignettes in order to obtain quantitative data on public attitudes towards cognitive enhancement. The data collected suggest that the public is sensitive to and capable of understanding the four cardinal concerns identified by neuroethicists, and tend to cautiously accept cognitive enhancement even as they (...)
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  13. Brian Harvey & Anja Schaefer (2001). Managing Relationships with Environmental Stakeholders: A Study of U.K. Water and Electricity Utilities. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 30 (3):243 - 260.score: 30.0
    In this paper we report a study of the approach of six U.K. water and electricity companies towards managing the relationship with their ''green'' stakeholders. Stakeholders are accorded increasing importance in political discourse and stakeholder theory is emerging as a promising framework for the analysis of corporate social performance.We studied the companies'' general approach towards green stakeholders, their dealings with specific stakeholder groups and whether they emphasised the consultation or the information aspect of stakeholder management. We found that none of (...)
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  14. Taran Patel & Anja Schaefer (2009). Making Sense of the Diversity of Ethical Decision Making in Business: An Illustration of the Indian Context. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 90 (2):171 - 186.score: 30.0
    In this conceptual article, we look at the impact of culture on ethical decision making from a Douglasian Cultural Theory (CT) perspective. We aim to show how CT can be used to explain the diversity and dynamicity of ethical beliefs and behaviours found in every social system, be it a corporation, a nation or even an individual. We introduce CT in the context of ethical decision making and then use it to discuss examples of business ethics in the Indian business (...)
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  15. G. Owen Schaefer (2010). Review of James Cameron's Avatar. [REVIEW] American Journal of Bioethics 10 (2):68-69.score: 30.0
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  16. Peter B. Reiner (2011). The Paradox of Addiction Neuroscience. Neuroethics 4 (2):65-77.score: 30.0
    Neuroscience has substantially advanced the understanding of how changes in brain biochemistry contribute to mechanisms of tolerance and physical dependence via exposure to addictive drugs. Many scientists and mental health advocates scaffold this emerging knowledge by adding the imprimatur of disease, arguing that conceptualizing addiction as a brain disease will reduce stigma amongst the folk. Promoting a brain disease concept is grounded in beneficent and utilitarian thinking: the language makes room for individuals living with addiction to receive the same level (...)
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  17. Lothar Schaefer (2006). A Response to Ervin Laszlo: Quantum and Consciousness. Zygon 41 (3):573-582.score: 30.0
  18. Thomas E. Schaefer (1984). Professionalism: Foundation for Business Ethics. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 3 (4):269 - 277.score: 30.0
    Professionalism includes the essential contents of other key notions within the field of business ethics. As a term involving the notion of vocation it may be understood as containing a religious content, since vocation refers to a man's most intimate personal decisions, destiny and providence. Professionalism also connotes respect for law and so includes a reference to commercial law as a guide to right conduct. Professionalsim thus lifts the requirements of law to the level of personal commitment.Like an honest act, (...)
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  19. Peter Reiner (2011). Sternberg, Eliezer J. 2010. My Brain Made Me Do It: The Rise of Neuroscience and the Threat to Moral Responsibility. [REVIEW] Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 8 (3):299-300.score: 30.0
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  20. Richard Reiner (1993). Necessary Conditions and Explaining How-Possibly. Philosophical Quarterly 44 (170):58-69.score: 30.0
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  21. G. Owen Schaefer & Alan Wertheimer (2011). The Right to Withdraw From Research. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 20 (4):329-352.score: 30.0
    It is universally accepted that participants in biomedical research have the right to withdraw from participation at any time, except, perhaps, when withdrawal would constitute a threat to their health or the health of others. The right to withdraw is encoded in nearly every document on the requirements for ethical conduct of research on humans, including the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations governing all federally-funded research, the Common Rule (45 CFR 46); the Declaration of Helsinki (WMA 2008); the 2002 research (...)
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  22. Noah Castelo, Peter B. Reiner & Gidon Felsen (2012). Balancing Autonomy and Decisional Enhancement: An Evidence-Based Approach. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (2):30-31.score: 30.0
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 2, Page 30-31, February 2012.
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  23. John M. Reiner (1941). Book Review:Statistical Thermodynamics R. H. Fowler, E. A. Guggenheim. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 8 (1):134-.score: 30.0
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  24. G. Owen Schaefer, Guy Kahane & Julian Savulescu (2014). Autonomy and Enhancement. Neuroethics 7 (2):123-136.score: 30.0
    Some have objected to human enhancement on the grounds that it violates the autonomy of the enhanced. These objections, however, overlook the interesting possibility that autonomy itself could be enhanced. How, exactly, to enhance autonomy is a difficult problem due to the numerous and diverse accounts of autonomy in the literature. Existing accounts of autonomy enhancement rely on narrow and controversial conceptions of autonomy. However, we identify one feature of autonomy common to many mainstream accounts: reasoning ability. Autonomy can then (...)
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  25. Herwin Schaefer (1971). The Craftsman in an Industrial Society. British Journal of Aesthetics 11 (4):323-326.score: 30.0
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  26. Edmund Husserl & Hans Reiner (2002). On the Psychological Justification of Logic (1900). New Yearbook for Phenomenology and Phenomenological Philosophy 2 (1):335-337.score: 30.0
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  27. Richard Schaefer (2007). Infallibility and Intentionality: Franz Brentano's Diagnosis of German Catholicism. Journal of the History of Ideas 68 (3):477-499.score: 30.0
  28. Hans Reiner (1954). Die Entstehung und ursprüngliche Bedeutung des Namens Metaphysik. Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 8 (2):210 - 237.score: 30.0
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  29. Hans Reiner (1948). Die "Goldene Regel". Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 3 (1):74 - 105.score: 30.0
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  30. Hans Reiner (1963). Kants beweis zur widerlegung Des eudämonismus und Das apriori der sittlichkeit. Kant-Studien 54 (1-4):129-165.score: 30.0
  31. Charles W. Schaefer (1971). Poe's "Eureka:" The Macrocosmic Analogue. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 29 (3):353-365.score: 30.0
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  32. G. Owen Schaefer & Alan Wertheimer (2011). Reevaluating the Right to Withdraw From Research Without Penalty. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (4):14-16.score: 30.0
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  33. David Lewis Schaefer & Estienne de La Boétie (eds.) (1998). Freedom Over Servitude: Montaigne, La Boétie, and on Voluntary Servitude. Greenwood Press.score: 30.0
    This volume contains five articles by prominent scholars of French literature and political philosophy that examine the relation between Montaigne's Essays, one ...
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  34. Scott Schaefer (1981). The Invention of Gunpowder. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 44:209-211.score: 30.0
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  35. Hans Reiner (1955). Die Entstehung der Lehre vom bibliothekarischen Ursprung des Namens Metaphysik. Geschichie einer Wissenschaftslegende. Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 9 (1):77 - 99.score: 30.0
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  36. Toby Reiner (2009). Texts as Performances: How to Reconstruct Webs of Beliefs From Expressed Utterances. Journal of the Philosophy of History 3 (3):266-289.score: 30.0
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  37. Hans Reiner (1957). "Unrechttun ist schlimmer als Unrechtleiden". Zur Beweisführung des Sokrates in Platons Gorgias. Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 11 (4):548 - 555.score: 30.0
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  38. G. Owen Schaefer & Julian Savulescu (2014). The Ethics of Producing In Vitro Meat. Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (1):188-202.score: 30.0
    The prospect of consumable meat produced in a laboratory setting without the need to raise and slaughter animals is both realistic and exciting. Not only could such in vitro meat become popular due to potential cost savings, but it also avoids many of the ethical and environmental problems with traditional meat productions. However, as with any new technology, in vitro meat is likely to face some detractors. We examine in detail three potential objections: 1) in vitro meat is disrespectful, either (...)
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  39. Bruce E. Wilson & William G. Reiner (1998). Management of Intersex: A Shifting Paradigm. Journal of Clinical Ethics 9 (4):360.score: 30.0
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  40. John M. Reiner (1941). Review of E. T. Bell, The Development of Mathematics. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 8 (3):464-.score: 30.0
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  41. John M. Reiner (1941). Book Review:Statistical Mechanics J. E. Mayer, M. G. Mayer. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 8 (1):135-.score: 30.0
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  42. Hans Reiner (1960). Thomistische und Phänomenologische Ethik. Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 14 (2):247 - 263.score: 30.0
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  43. Donovan O. Schaefer (2014). Embodied Disbelief: Poststructural Feminist Atheism. Hypatia 29 (2):371-387.score: 30.0
    “I quite rightly pass for an atheist,” Jacques Derrida announces in Circumfession. Grace Jantzen's suggestion that the poststructuralist critique of modernity can also be trained on atheism helps us make sense of this playfully cryptic statement: although Derrida sympathizes with the “idea” of atheism, he is wary of the modern brand of atheism, with its insistence on rationally arranging—straightening out—religion. In this paper, I will argue that poststructural feminism, with its focus on embodied epistemology, offers a way to re-explain Derrida's (...)
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  44. John Danley, Edward Harrick, Diane Schaefer, Donald Strickland & George Sullivan (1996). Hr's View of Ethics in the Work Place: Are the Barbarians at the Gate? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 15 (3):273 - 285.score: 30.0
    Based on responses from 1078 human resource (HR) professionals, this study concludes that there is not an ethical crisis in the work place. Seven of 37 situations were rated as serious problems by more than 25% of the respondents. HR reported that their organizations are serious about uncovering and disciplining ethical misconduct, top management has a commitment to ethical business conduct, personal principles are not compromised to conform to company expectations, and performance pressures do not lead to unethical conduct.
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  45. Hans Reiner (1961). Die Extension der Ethik und ihre Bewältigung. Betrachtungen zur 'Ethik' von Wolfgang Trillhaas. Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 15 (4):556 - 565.score: 30.0
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  46. Hans Reiner (1967). Der Streit um die stoische Ethik. Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 21 (2):261 - 281.score: 30.0
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  47. Hans Reiner & Karl Schuhmann (1989). Ein Protokoll Aus Husserls Logikseminar Vom Winter 1925. Husserl Studies 6 (3):199-204.score: 30.0
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  48. Erica Reiner (2006). The Reddling of Valerian. Classical Quarterly 56 (01):325-.score: 30.0
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  49. Arthur Gross Schaefer (1997). Introduction. Business Ethics Quarterly 7 (2):1-3.score: 30.0
    This introduction a) presents organized religion as a source of "spiritual goods" and briefly summarizes each of the seventeen tradition-centeredarticles; b) explains why organized religion merits the attention of business ethics; c) categorizes the articles according to rubrics useful for teaching and research; d) further explains the value of these essays to academic researchers, business practitioners, and spiritual seekers.
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  50. Katrin Schaefer, Philipp Mitteroecker, Bernhard Fink & Fred L. Bookstein (2009). Psychomorphospace—From Biology to Perception, and Back: Towards an Integrated Quantification of Facial Form Variation. Biological Theory 4 (1):98-106.score: 30.0
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