Search results for 'Reinforcement' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Benjamin P. Gold, Michael J. Frank, Brigitte Bogert & Elvira Brattico (2013). Pleasurable Music Affects Reinforcement Learning According to the Listener. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 24.0
    Mounting evidence links the enjoyment of music to brain areas implicated in emotion and the dopaminergic reward system. In particular, dopamine release in the ventral striatum seems to play a major role in the rewarding aspect of music listening. Striatal dopamine also influences reinforcement learning, such that subjects with greater dopamine efficacy learn better to approach rewards while those with lesser dopamine efficacy learn better to avoid punishments. In this study, we explored the practical implications of musical pleasure through (...)
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  2. Christian P. Janssen & Wayne D. Gray (2012). When, What, and How Much to Reward in Reinforcement Learning-Based Models of Cognition. Cognitive Science 36 (2):333-358.score: 24.0
    Reinforcement learning approaches to cognitive modeling represent task acquisition as learning to choose the sequence of steps that accomplishes the task while maximizing a reward. However, an apparently unrecognized problem for modelers is choosing when, what, and how much to reward; that is, when (the moment: end of trial, subtask, or some other interval of task performance), what (the objective function: e.g., performance time or performance accuracy), and how much (the magnitude: with binary, categorical, or continuous values). In this (...)
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  3. Vladislav D. Veksler, Christopher W. Myers & Kevin A. Gluck (2014). SAwSu: An Integrated Model of Associative and Reinforcement Learning. Cognitive Science 38 (1):580-598.score: 24.0
    Successfully explaining and replicating the complexity and generality of human and animal learning will require the integration of a variety of learning mechanisms. Here, we introduce a computational model which integrates associative learning (AL) and reinforcement learning (RL). We contrast the integrated model with standalone AL and RL models in three simulation studies. First, a synthetic grid-navigation task is employed to highlight performance advantages for the integrated model in an environment where the reward structure is both diverse and dynamic. (...)
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  4. Anya Skatova, Patricia Angie Chan & Nathaniel D. Daw (2013). Extraversion Differentiates Between Model-Based and Model-Free Strategies in a Reinforcement Learning Task. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 24.0
    Prominent computational models describe a neural mechanism for learning from reward prediction errors, and it has been suggested that variations in this mechanism are reflected in personality factors such as trait extraversion. However, although trait extraversion has been linked to improved reward learning, it is not yet known whether this relationship is selective for the particular computational strategy associated with error-driven learning, known as model-free reinforcement learning, versus another strategy, model-based learning, which the brain is also known to employ. (...)
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  5. Yanping Liu, Erik D. Reichle & Ding‐Guo Gao (2013). Using Reinforcement Learning to Examine Dynamic Attention Allocation During Reading. Cognitive Science 37 (8):1507-1540.score: 21.0
    A fundamental question in reading research concerns whether attention is allocated strictly serially, supporting lexical processing of one word at a time, or in parallel, supporting concurrent lexical processing of two or more words (Reichle, Liversedge, Pollatsek, & Rayner, 2009). The origins of this debate are reviewed. We then report three simulations to address this question using artificial reading agents (Liu & Reichle, 2010; Reichle & Laurent, 2006) that learn to dynamically allocate attention to 1–4 words to “read” as efficiently (...)
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  6. Albert R. Marston & Frederick H. Kanfer (1963). Human Reinforcement: Experimenter and Subject Controlled. Journal of Experimental Psychology 66 (1):91.score: 21.0
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  7. Roger L. Mellgren & Dennis G. Dyck (1972). Partial Reinforcement Effect, Reverse Partial Reinforcement Effect, and Generalized Partial Reinforcement Effect Within Subjects. Journal of Experimental Psychology 92 (3):339.score: 21.0
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  8. James A. Dinsmoor (1983). Observing and Conditioned Reinforcement. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (4):693.score: 21.0
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  9. Neal E. Miller (1948). Studies of Fear as an Acquirable Drive: I. Fear as Motivation and Fear-Reduction as Reinforcement in the Learning of New Responses. Journal of Experimental Psychology 38 (1):89.score: 21.0
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  10. Pietro Badia (1965). Effects of Drive, Reinforcement Schedule, and Change of Schedule on Performance. Journal of Experimental Psychology 69 (3):292.score: 21.0
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  11. Gail Ditkoff & Ronald Ley (1974). Effects of Positive and Negative Force-Contingent Reinforcement on the Frustration Effect in Humans. Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (5):818.score: 21.0
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  12. Dennis G. Dyck, Roger L. Mellgren & Jeffrey A. Seybert (1973). Within-Subject Partial Reinforcement Effects: Differential Extinction Following Nondifferential Percentage of Reinforcement in Acquisition. Journal of Experimental Psychology 97 (3):391.score: 21.0
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  13. Karen Galbraith, Michael E. Rashotte & Abram Amsel (1968). Within-Subjects Partial Reinforcement Effects Varying Percentage of Reward to the Partial Stimulus Between Groups. Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (4):547.score: 21.0
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  14. Kent Henderson (1966). Within-Subjects Partial-Reinforcement Effects in Acquisition and in Later Discrimination Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (5):704.score: 21.0
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  15. Lloyd G. Humphreys (1939). The Effect of Random Alternation of Reinforcement on the Acquisition and Extinction of Conditioned Eyelid Reactions. Journal of Experimental Psychology 25 (2):141.score: 21.0
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  16. Thomas L. Bennett & Henry C. Ellis (1968). Tactual-Kinesthetic Feedback From Manipulation of Visual Forms and Nondifferential Reinforcement in Transfer of Perceptual Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (3p1):495.score: 21.0
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  17. George Collier & Melvin H. Marx (1959). Changes in Performance as a Function of Shifts in the Magnitude of Reinforcement. Journal of Experimental Psychology 57 (5):305.score: 21.0
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  18. R. H. Day, T. S. Wong & Charles I. Brooks (1971). "Radial and Tangential Movement Directions as Determinants of the Haptic Illusion in an L Figure"/ "Frustration Considerations of the Small-Trials Partial Reinforcement Effect: Experience with Nonreward and Intertrial Reinforcement": Errata. Journal of Experimental Psychology 90 (2):344-344.score: 21.0
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  19. J. Dutch & L. B. Brown (1971). Continuous Trial Between- and Within-Subject Partial Reinforcement Effect. Journal of Experimental Psychology 91 (2):336.score: 21.0
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  20. George J. Friedman & John G. Carlson (1973). Effects of a Stimulus Correlated with Positive Reinforcement Upon Discrimination Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 97 (3):281.score: 21.0
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  21. Mavis Hetherington & Leonard E. Ross (1963). Effect of Sex of Subject, Sex of Experimenter, and Reinforcement Condition on Serial Verbal Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (6):572.score: 21.0
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  22. Albert Marston (1967). Self-Reinforcement and External Reinforcement in Visual-Motor Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 74 (1):93-98.score: 21.0
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  23. Michael E. Rashotte (1968). Resistance to Extinction of the Continuously Rewarded Response in Within-Subject Partial-Reinforcement Experiments. Journal of Experimental Psychology 76 (2p1):206.score: 21.0
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  24. Seymour Rosenberg (1963). Behavior in a Continuous-Response Task with Noncontingent Reinforcement. Journal of Experimental Psychology 66 (2):168.score: 21.0
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  25. Ii Shelly, Maynard W. (1960). Effects of Increments of Reinforcement in Human Probability Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 59 (6):345.score: 21.0
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  26. Norman E. Spear & William B. Pavlik (1966). Percentage of Reinforcement and Reward Magnitude Effects in a T Maze: Between and Within Subjects. Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (4):521.score: 21.0
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  27. Abram Amsel, C. Thomas Surridge & James J. Hug (1969). Number of Food Pellets and the Partial Reinforcement Extinction Effect After Extended Acquisition. Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (3):578.score: 21.0
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  28. Douglas Anger (1956). The Dependence of Interresponse Times Upon the Relative Reinforcement of Different Interresponse Times. Journal of Experimental Psychology 52 (3):145.score: 21.0
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  29. Arnold H. Buss, Morton Weiner & Edith Buss (1954). Stimulus Generalization as a Function of Verbal Reinforcement Combination. Journal of Experimental Psychology 48 (6):433.score: 21.0
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  30. Albert Erlebacher & E. James Archer (1961). Perseveration as a Function of Degree of Learning and Percentage of Reinforcement in Card Sorting. Journal of Experimental Psychology 62 (5):510.score: 21.0
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  31. Jerome M. Feldman (1971). Added Cue Control as a Function of Reinforcement Predictability. Journal of Experimental Psychology 91 (2):318.score: 21.0
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  32. Charles B. Ferster (1953). Sustained Behavior Under Delayed Reinforcement. Journal of Experimental Psychology 45 (4):218.score: 21.0
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  33. F. W. Finger (1942). The Effect of Varying Conditions of Reinforcement Upon a Simple Running Response. Journal of Experimental Psychology 30 (1):53.score: 21.0
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  34. John J. Furedy & Anthony N. Doob (1971). Autonomic Responses and Verbal Reports in Further Tests of the Preparatory-Adaptive-Response Interpretation of Reinforcement. Journal of Experimental Psychology 89 (2):258.score: 21.0
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  35. David A. Grant, John P. Hornseth & Harold W. Hake (1950). The Influence of the Inter-Trial Interval on the Humphreys' 'Random Reinforcement' Effect During the Extinction of a Verbal Response. Journal of Experimental Psychology 40 (5):609.score: 21.0
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  36. G. Robert Grice & Herbert M. Goldman (1955). Generalized Extinction and Secondary Reinforcement in Visual Discrimination Learning with Delayed Reward. Journal of Experimental Psychology 50 (3):197.score: 21.0
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  37. G. Robert Grice (1948). The Relation of Secondary Reinforcement to Delayed Reward in Visual Discrimination Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 38 (1):1.score: 21.0
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  38. Joseph H. Grosslight, John F. Hall & Winfield Scott (1954). Reinforcement Schedules in Habit Reversal—a Confirmation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 48 (3):173.score: 21.0
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  39. Lane Harlan, Kopp James, Sheppard William, Anderson Thomas & Carlson David (1967). Acquisition, Maintenance, and Retention in the Differential Reinforcement of Vocal Duration. Journal of Experimental Psychology 74 (2, Pt.2):1-16.score: 21.0
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  40. Martin Harrow & Gilbert B. Friedman (1958). Comparing Reversal and Nonreversal Shifts in Concept Formation with Partial Reinforcement Controlled. Journal of Experimental Psychology 55 (6):592.score: 21.0
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  41. Winfred F. Hill, John W. Cotton, Norman E. Spear & Carl P. Duncan (1969). Retention of T-Maze Learning After Varying Intervals Following Partial and Continuous Reinforcement. Journal of Experimental Psychology 79 (3p1):584.score: 21.0
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  42. George C. Jernstedt (1968). Effect of Absolute Amount, Mean Amount, and Pattern of Reinforcement on Acquisition and Extinction. Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (3p1):407.score: 21.0
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  43. F. S. Keller (1940). The Effect of Sequence of Continuous and Periodic Reinforcement Upon the 'Reflex Reserve.'. Journal of Experimental Psychology 27 (5):559.score: 21.0
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  44. H. H. Kendler, Tracy S. Kendler, S. S. Pliskoff & May F. D'Amato (1958). Inferential Behavior in Children: I. The Influence of Reinforcement and Incentive Motivation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 55 (3):207.score: 21.0
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  45. Thomas D. Kennedy (1970). Verbal Conditioning Without Awareness: The Use of Programmed Reinforcement and Recurring Assessment of Awareness. Journal of Experimental Psychology 84 (3):487.score: 21.0
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  46. Frank A. Logan (1952). The Role of Delay of Reinforcement in Determining Reaction Potential. Journal of Experimental Psychology 43 (6):393.score: 21.0
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  47. Albert R. Marston (1964). Response Strength and Self-Reinforcement. Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (6):537.score: 21.0
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  48. Donald F. McCausland & John C. Birkmer (1970). Conditioned Reinforcement Strength in Rats as a Function of CRF Scheduling. Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (1p1):177.score: 21.0
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  49. O. H. Mowrer & H. Jones (1945). Habit Strength as a Function of the Pattern of Reinforcement. Journal of Experimental Psychology 35 (4):293.score: 21.0
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  50. Daniel C. O'connell & Margaret V. Wagner (1967). Extinction After Partial Reinforcement and Minimal Learning as a Test of Both Verbal Control and Pre in Concept Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 73 (1):151.score: 21.0
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