Search results for 'Reinforcement' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Vladislav D. Veksler, Christopher W. Myers & Kevin A. Gluck (2014). SAwSu: An Integrated Model of Associative and Reinforcement Learning. Cognitive Science 38 (1):580-598.score: 24.0
    Successfully explaining and replicating the complexity and generality of human and animal learning will require the integration of a variety of learning mechanisms. Here, we introduce a computational model which integrates associative learning (AL) and reinforcement learning (RL). We contrast the integrated model with standalone AL and RL models in three simulation studies. First, a synthetic grid-navigation task is employed to highlight performance advantages for the integrated model in an environment where the reward structure is both diverse and dynamic. (...)
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  2. [deleted]Benjamin P. Gold, Michael J. Frank, Brigitte Bogert & Elvira Brattico (2013). Pleasurable Music Affects Reinforcement Learning According to the Listener. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 24.0
    Mounting evidence links the enjoyment of music to brain areas implicated in emotion and the dopaminergic reward system. In particular, dopamine release in the ventral striatum seems to play a major role in the rewarding aspect of music listening. Striatal dopamine also influences reinforcement learning, such that subjects with greater dopamine efficacy learn better to approach rewards while those with lesser dopamine efficacy learn better to avoid punishments. In this study, we explored the practical implications of musical pleasure through (...)
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  3. Christian P. Janssen & Wayne D. Gray (2012). When, What, and How Much to Reward in Reinforcement Learning-Based Models of Cognition. Cognitive Science 36 (2):333-358.score: 24.0
    Reinforcement learning approaches to cognitive modeling represent task acquisition as learning to choose the sequence of steps that accomplishes the task while maximizing a reward. However, an apparently unrecognized problem for modelers is choosing when, what, and how much to reward; that is, when (the moment: end of trial, subtask, or some other interval of task performance), what (the objective function: e.g., performance time or performance accuracy), and how much (the magnitude: with binary, categorical, or continuous values). In this (...)
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  4. [deleted]Anya Skatova, Patricia Angie Chan & Nathaniel D. Daw (2013). Extraversion Differentiates Between Model-Based and Model-Free Strategies in a Reinforcement Learning Task. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 24.0
    Prominent computational models describe a neural mechanism for learning from reward prediction errors, and it has been suggested that variations in this mechanism are reflected in personality factors such as trait extraversion. However, although trait extraversion has been linked to improved reward learning, it is not yet known whether this relationship is selective for the particular computational strategy associated with error-driven learning, known as model-free reinforcement learning, versus another strategy, model-based learning, which the brain is also known to employ. (...)
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  5. Yanping Liu, Erik D. Reichle & Ding‐Guo Gao (2013). Using Reinforcement Learning to Examine Dynamic Attention Allocation During Reading. Cognitive Science 37 (8):1507-1540.score: 21.0
    A fundamental question in reading research concerns whether attention is allocated strictly serially, supporting lexical processing of one word at a time, or in parallel, supporting concurrent lexical processing of two or more words (Reichle, Liversedge, Pollatsek, & Rayner, 2009). The origins of this debate are reviewed. We then report three simulations to address this question using artificial reading agents (Liu & Reichle, 2010; Reichle & Laurent, 2006) that learn to dynamically allocate attention to 1–4 words to “read” as efficiently (...)
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  6. Neal E. Miller (1948). Studies of Fear as an Acquirable Drive: I. Fear as Motivation and Fear-Reduction as Reinforcement in the Learning of New Responses. Journal of Experimental Psychology 38 (1):89.score: 21.0
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  7. Roger L. Mellgren & Dennis G. Dyck (1972). Partial Reinforcement Effect, Reverse Partial Reinforcement Effect, and Generalized Partial Reinforcement Effect Within Subjects. Journal of Experimental Psychology 92 (3):339.score: 21.0
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  8. R. H. Day, T. S. Wong & Charles I. Brooks (1971). "Radial and Tangential Movement Directions as Determinants of the Haptic Illusion in an L Figure"/ "Frustration Considerations of the Small-Trials Partial Reinforcement Effect: Experience with Nonreward and Intertrial Reinforcement": Errata. Journal of Experimental Psychology 90 (2):344-344.score: 21.0
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  9. James A. Dinsmoor (1983). Observing and Conditioned Reinforcement. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (4):693.score: 21.0
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  10. Dennis G. Dyck, Roger L. Mellgren & Jeffrey A. Seybert (1973). Within-Subject Partial Reinforcement Effects: Differential Extinction Following Nondifferential Percentage of Reinforcement in Acquisition. Journal of Experimental Psychology 97 (3):391.score: 21.0
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  11. Karen Galbraith, Michael E. Rashotte & Abram Amsel (1968). Within-Subjects Partial Reinforcement Effects Varying Percentage of Reward to the Partial Stimulus Between Groups. Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (4):547.score: 21.0
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  12. G. Robert Grice (1948). The Relation of Secondary Reinforcement to Delayed Reward in Visual Discrimination Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 38 (1):1.score: 21.0
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  13. Albert R. Marston & Frederick H. Kanfer (1963). Human Reinforcement: Experimenter and Subject Controlled. Journal of Experimental Psychology 66 (1):91.score: 21.0
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  14. Gail Ditkoff & Ronald Ley (1974). Effects of Positive and Negative Force-Contingent Reinforcement on the Frustration Effect in Humans. Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (5):818.score: 21.0
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  15. George J. Friedman & John G. Carlson (1973). Effects of a Stimulus Correlated with Positive Reinforcement Upon Discrimination Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 97 (3):281.score: 21.0
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  16. G. Robert Grice & Herbert M. Goldman (1955). Generalized Extinction and Secondary Reinforcement in Visual Discrimination Learning with Delayed Reward. Journal of Experimental Psychology 50 (3):197.score: 21.0
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  17. Kent Henderson (1966). Within-Subjects Partial-Reinforcement Effects in Acquisition and in Later Discrimination Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (5):704.score: 21.0
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  18. Mavis Hetherington & Leonard E. Ross (1963). Effect of Sex of Subject, Sex of Experimenter, and Reinforcement Condition on Serial Verbal Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (6):572.score: 21.0
  19. Norman E. Spear & William B. Pavlik (1966). Percentage of Reinforcement and Reward Magnitude Effects in a T Maze: Between and Within Subjects. Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (4):521.score: 21.0
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  20. Abram Amsel, C. Thomas Surridge & James J. Hug (1969). Number of Food Pellets and the Partial Reinforcement Extinction Effect After Extended Acquisition. Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (3):578.score: 21.0
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  21. Pietro Badia (1965). Effects of Drive, Reinforcement Schedule, and Change of Schedule on Performance. Journal of Experimental Psychology 69 (3):292.score: 21.0
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  22. Thomas L. Bennett & Henry C. Ellis (1968). Tactual-Kinesthetic Feedback From Manipulation of Visual Forms and Nondifferential Reinforcement in Transfer of Perceptual Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (3p1):495.score: 21.0
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  23. J. Dutch & L. B. Brown (1971). Continuous Trial Between- and Within-Subject Partial Reinforcement Effect. Journal of Experimental Psychology 91 (2):336.score: 21.0
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  24. Albert Erlebacher & E. James Archer (1961). Perseveration as a Function of Degree of Learning and Percentage of Reinforcement in Card Sorting. Journal of Experimental Psychology 62 (5):510.score: 21.0
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  25. Winfred F. Hill, John W. Cotton, Norman E. Spear & Carl P. Duncan (1969). Retention of T-Maze Learning After Varying Intervals Following Partial and Continuous Reinforcement. Journal of Experimental Psychology 79 (3p1):584.score: 21.0
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  26. I.-Ning Huang & Jong-Shin Yeh (1973). Small-Trials Partial Reinforcement Effect as a Function of the Goal Approach Response. Journal of Experimental Psychology 101 (2):406.score: 21.0
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  27. Lloyd G. Humphreys (1939). The Effect of Random Alternation of Reinforcement on the Acquisition and Extinction of Conditioned Eyelid Reactions. Journal of Experimental Psychology 25 (2):141.score: 21.0
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  28. Albert Marston (1967). Self-Reinforcement and External Reinforcement in Visual-Motor Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 74 (1):93-98.score: 21.0
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  29. Daniel C. O'connell & Margaret V. Wagner (1967). Extinction After Partial Reinforcement and Minimal Learning as a Test of Both Verbal Control and Pre in Concept Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 73 (1):151.score: 21.0
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  30. Michael E. Rashotte (1968). Resistance to Extinction of the Continuously Rewarded Response in Within-Subject Partial-Reinforcement Experiments. Journal of Experimental Psychology 76 (2p1):206.score: 21.0
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  31. Ii Shelly, Maynard W. (1960). Effects of Increments of Reinforcement in Human Probability Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 59 (6):345.score: 21.0
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  32. Douglas Anger (1956). The Dependence of Interresponse Times Upon the Relative Reinforcement of Different Interresponse Times. Journal of Experimental Psychology 52 (3):145.score: 21.0
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  33. Arnold H. Buss, Morton Weiner & Edith Buss (1954). Stimulus Generalization as a Function of Verbal Reinforcement Combination. Journal of Experimental Psychology 48 (6):433.score: 21.0
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  34. E. J. Capaldi & Dick Hart (1962). Influence of a Small Number of Partial Reinforcement Training Trials on Resistance to Extinction. Journal of Experimental Psychology 64 (2):166.score: 21.0
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  35. George Collier & Melvin H. Marx (1959). Changes in Performance as a Function of Shifts in the Magnitude of Reinforcement. Journal of Experimental Psychology 57 (5):305.score: 21.0
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  36. M. R. Denny (1946). The Role of Secondary Reinforcement in a Partial Reinforcement Learning Situation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 36 (5):373.score: 21.0
  37. M. David Egger & Neal E. Miller (1962). Secondary Reinforcement in Rats as a Function of Information Value and Reliability of the Stimulus. Journal of Experimental Psychology 64 (2):97.score: 21.0
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  38. Elizabeth Fehrer (1956). Effects of Amount of Reinforcement and of Pre- and Postreinforcement Delays on Learning and Extinction. Journal of Experimental Psychology 52 (3):167.score: 21.0
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  39. Morton P. Friedman, Edward C. Carterette & Norman H. Anderson (1968). Long-Term Probability Learning with a Random Schedule of Reinforcement. Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (3p1):442.score: 21.0
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  40. David A. Grant, John P. Hornseth & Harold W. Hake (1950). The Influence of the Inter-Trial Interval on the Humphreys' 'Random Reinforcement' Effect During the Extinction of a Verbal Response. Journal of Experimental Psychology 40 (5):609.score: 21.0
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  41. Thomas F. Hartman & David A. Grant (1960). Effect of Intermittent Reinforcement on Acquisition, Extinction, and Spontaneous Recovery of the Conditioned Eyelid Response. Journal of Experimental Psychology 60 (2):89.score: 21.0
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  42. H. H. Kendler, Tracy S. Kendler, S. S. Pliskoff & May F. D'Amato (1958). Inferential Behavior in Children: I. The Influence of Reinforcement and Incentive Motivation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 55 (3):207.score: 21.0
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  43. Thomas D. Kennedy (1970). Verbal Conditioning Without Awareness: The Use of Programmed Reinforcement and Recurring Assessment of Awareness. Journal of Experimental Psychology 84 (3):487.score: 21.0
  44. Alvin R. Mahrer (1956). The Role of Expectancy in Delayed Reinforcement. Journal of Experimental Psychology 52 (2):101.score: 21.0
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  45. William B. Pavlik & Peter L. Carlton (1965). A Reversed Partial-Reinforcement Effect. Journal of Experimental Psychology 70 (4):417.score: 21.0
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  46. Charles K. Ramond (1954). Performance in Instrumental Learning as a Joint Function of Delay of Reinforcement and Time of Deprivation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 47 (4):248.score: 21.0
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  47. Seymour Rosenberg (1963). Behavior in a Continuous-Response Task with Noncontingent Reinforcement. Journal of Experimental Psychology 66 (2):168.score: 21.0
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  48. Bryce C. Schurr & Willard N. Runquist (1973). Acquisition and Extinction of Human Eyelid Conditioned Response as a Function of Schedule of Reinforcement and Unconditioned Stimulus Intensity Under Two Masked Conditioning Procedures. Journal of Experimental Psychology 101 (2):398.score: 21.0
  49. Joseph A. Sgro, William B. Pavlik, John R. Showalter & Neil H. Cohn (1972). Effects of Partial Reinforcement in One or Both Goal Boxes of a Double Alleyway. Journal of Experimental Psychology 96 (1):229.score: 21.0
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  50. David R. Thomas, David L. Berman & George E. Serednesky (1968). Information Value and Stimulus Configuring as Factors in Conditioned Reinforcement. Journal of Experimental Psychology 76 (2p1):181.score: 21.0
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