Search results for 'Reinhart Marville Torre' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  7
    Laurent Marville, Isabelle Haye, Reinhart Marville Torre & Grégory Katz (2010). Quel statut pour les banques de sang de cordon ombilical ? Médecine Et Droit 2010 (102):81-85.
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  2. Stephan Torre, Restricted Diachronic Composition and Special Relativity.
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  3.  73
    Tanya Reinhart (1997). Quantifier Scope: How Labor is Divided Between QR and Choice Functions. [REVIEW] Linguistics and Philosophy 20 (4):335-397.
  4. Stephan Torre (2010). Centered Assertion. Philosophical Studies 150 (1):97-114.
    I suggest a way of extending Stalnaker’s account of assertion to allow for centered content. In formulating his account, Stalnaker takes the content of assertion to be uncentered propositions: entities that are evaluated for truth at a possible world. I argue that the content of assertion is sometimes centered: the content is evaluated for truth at something within a possible world. I consider Andy Egan’s proposal for extending Stalnaker’s account to allow for assertions with centered content. I argue that Egan’s (...)
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  5.  26
    Tanya Reinhart (1983). Coreference and Bound Anaphora: A Restatement of the Anaphora Questions. [REVIEW] Linguistics and Philosophy 6 (1):47 - 88.
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  6.  7
    Stephan Torre (2016). Debates in the Metaphysics of Time Edited by L. Nathan Oaklander. Analysis 76 (2):256-259.
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  7.  36
    Stephan Torre (forthcoming). De Se Thought and Communication: An Introduction. In Manuel Garcia-Carpintero & Stephan Torre (eds.), About Oneself: De Se Thought and Communication. Oxford University Press 1-21.
    This chapter provides a critical overview of various influential accounts of de se attitudes including those proposed by Frege, Lewis and Perry. It also addresses the charge that there is nothing distinctive about de se attitudes. The second half outlines a widely accepted and influential model of communication and various complications that arise in applying this model to the communication of de se thoughts. The final section provides an overview of the papers in this volume.
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  8. Stephan Torre (2011). The Open Future. Philosophy Compass 6 (5):360-373.
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  9.  4
    David Makinson & Leendert van der Torre (2001). Constraints for Input/Output Logics. Journal of Philosophical Logic 30 (2):155 - 185.
    In a previous paper we developed a general theory of input/output logics. These are operations resembling inference, but where inputs need not be included among outputs, and outputs need not be reusable as inputs. In the present paper we study what happens when they are constrained to render output consistent with input. This is of interest for deontic logic, where it provides a manner of handling contrary-to-duty obligations. Our procedure is to constrain the set of generators of the input/output system, (...)
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  10.  54
    Tanya Reinhart (1981). Pragmatics and Linguistics: An Analysis of Sentence Topics. Philosophica 27.
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  11. S. Torre (2013). Restricted Diachronic Composition and Special Relativity. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science (2):axt023.
    When do objects at different times compose a further object? This is the question of diachronic composition. The universalist answers, ‘under any conditions whatsoever’. Others argue for restrictions on diachronic composition: composition occurs only when certain conditions are met. Recently, some philosophers have argued that restrictions on diachronic compositions are motivated by our best physical theories. In Persistence and Spacetime and elsewhere, Yuri Balashov argues that diachronic compositions are restricted in terms of causal connections between object stages. In a recent (...)
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  12.  1
    David Makinson & Leendert Van Der Torre (2000). Input/Output Logics. Journal of Philosophical Logic 29 (4):383 - 408.
    In a range of contexts, one comes across processes resembling inference, but where input propositions are not in general included among outputs, and the operation is not in any way reversible. Examples arise in contexts of conditional obligations, goals, ideals, preferences, actions, and beliefs. Our purpose is to develop a theory of such input/output operations. Four are singled out: simple-minded, basic (making intelligent use of disjunctive inputs), simple-minded reusable (in which outputs may be recycled as inputs), and basic reusable. They (...)
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  13.  4
    Guido Boella, Dov M. Gabbay, Valerio Genovese & Leendert Van Der Torre (2009). Fibred Security Language. Studia Logica 92 (3):395 - 436.
    We study access control policies based on the says operator by introducing a logical framework called Fibred Security Language (FSL) which is able to deal with features like joint responsibility between sets of principals and to identify them by means of first-order formulas. FSL is based on a multimodal logic methodology. We first discuss the main contributions from the expressiveness point of view, we give semantics for the language (both for classical and intuitionistic fragment), we then prove that in order (...)
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  14.  92
    Stephan Torre (2009). Truth-Conditions, Truth-Bearers and the New B-Theory of Time. Philosophical Studies 142 (3):325-344.
    In this paper I consider two strategies for providing tenseless truth-conditions for tensed sentences: the token-reflexive theory and the date theory. Both theories have faced a number of objections by prominent A-theorists such as Quentin Smith and William Lane Craig. Traditionally, these two theories have been viewed as rival methods for providing truth-conditions for tensed sentences. I argue that the debate over whether the token-reflexive theory or the date theory is true has arisen from a failure to distinguish between conditions (...)
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  15.  7
    Massimo La Torre (2006). On Two Distinct and Opposing Versions of Natural Law: "Exclusive" Versus "Inclusive". Ratio Juris 19 (2):197-216.
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  16. Martin Reinhart (2012). Soziologie Und Epistemologie des Peer Review. Nomos.
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  17.  5
    David Makinson & Leendert van der Torre (2003). Permission From an Input/Output Perspective. Journal of Philosophical Logic 32 (4):391 - 416.
    Input/output logics are abstract structures designed to represent conditional obligations and goals. In this paper we use them to study conditional permission. This perspective provides a clear separation of the familiar notion of negative permission from the more elusive one of positive permission. Moreover, it reveals that there are at least two kinds of positive permission. Although indistinguishable in the unconditional case, they are quite different in conditional contexts. One of them, which we call static positive permission, guides the citizen (...)
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  18.  74
    Stephan Torre (2006). De Se Knowledge and the Possibility of an Omniscient Being. Faith and Philosophy 23 (2):191-200.
    In this paper I examine an argument that has been made by Patrick Grim for the claim that de se knowledge is incompatible with the existence of an omniscient being. I claim that the success of the argument depends upon whether it is possible for someone else to know what I know in knowing (F), where (F) is a claim involving de se knowledge. I discuss one reply to this argument, proposed by Edward Wierenga, that appeals to first-person propositions and (...)
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  19.  27
    Massimo La Torre (1990). "Degenerate Law." Jurists and Nazism. Ratio Juris 3 (1):95-99.
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  20.  86
    Stephan Torre (2010). Tense, Timely Action and Self-Ascription. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 80 (1):112-132.
    I consider whether the self-ascription theory can succeed in providing a tenseless (B-theoretic) account of tensed belief and timely action. I evaluate an argument given by William Lane Craig for the conclusion that the self-ascription account of tensed belief entails a tensed theory (A-theory) of time. I claim that how one formulates the selfascription account of tensed belief depends upon whether one takes the subject of selfascription to be a momentary person-stage or an enduring person. I provide two different formulations (...)
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  21.  5
    A. Testi, E. Tanfani, R. Valente, G. L. Ansaldo & G. C. Torre (2008). Prioritizing Surgical Waiting Lists. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (1):59-64.
    RATIONALE, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This paper deals with the problem of surgical waiting lists and is aimed, in particular, at comparing two different prioritization approaches: (1) the clinical assessment of treatment urgency aimed at categorizing patients into urgency-related groups (URGs) with a given recommended maximum waiting time for treatment; and (2) the implementation of an original prioritization scoring algorithm aimed at determining the relative priority of each patient in the waiting list and the corresponding order of admission. METHODS: A modelling (...)
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  22.  14
    Tanya Reinhart (2004). Topics and the Conceptual Interface. In Hans Kamp & Barbara Hall Partee (eds.), Context-Dependence in the Analysis of Linguistic Meaning. Elsevier 275--305.
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  23.  19
    Massimo La Torre (2013). The Hierarchical Model and H. L. A. Hart's Concept of Law. Revus 21:141-161.
    Law is traditionally related to the practice of command and hierarchy. It seems that a legal rule should immediately establish a relation between a superior and an inferior. This hierarchical and authoritharian view might however be challenged once the phenomenology of the rule is considered from the internal point of view, that is, from the stance of those that can be said to “use” rather than to “suffer” the rules themselves. A practice oriented approach could in this way open up (...)
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  24.  56
    Stephan Torre (2010). Representing Time: An Essay on Temporality as Modality * By K. M. Jaszczolt. [REVIEW] Analysis 70 (2):385-387.
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  25.  6
    Melvyn Usselman, Alan Rocke, Christina Reinhart & Kelly Foulser (2005). Restaging Liebig: A Study in the Replication of Experiments. Annals of Science 62 (1):1-55.
    In a publication of 1831 later seen as a milestone in the development of chemistry, Justus Liebig announced a new apparatus for the analysis of organic compounds and provided analytical results for fifteen substances. In this paper we used the detailed descriptions published by Liebig in 1837 to reconstruct his apparatus and methods for hydrogen, carbon and nitrogen analysis. Our replications of his analyses of racemic acid, cinchonine, narcotine, and urea reveal that his two pieces of apparatus give excellent results (...)
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  26.  2
    Tanya Reinhart (1998). Wh-in-Situ in the Framework of the Minimalist Program. Natural Language Semantics 6 (1):29-56.
    In the framework of the minimalist program, the assumption that wh-in-situ move covertly to be assigned wide scope is infeasible. Rather, it is assumed that they must be interpretable in situ, and that syntactic conditions like ‘superiority’ are effects of economy, which restricts overt rather than covert movement of a wh-element. The remaining syntactic problem for this line of reasoning is the putative ECP effects of adverbial wh-adjuncts, which were the strongest evidence for covert movement. A serious semantic problem is (...)
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  27. Tanya Reinhart (1991). Elliptic Conjunctions-Non-Quantificational LF. In Aka Kasher (ed.), The Chomskyan Turn. Basil Blackwell 360384.
     
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  28. A. Testi, E. Tanfani, R. Valente, G. L. Ansaldo & G. C. Torre (2008). Prioritizing Surgical Waiting Lists. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (1):59-64.
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  29.  16
    Massimo La Torre (2005). Global Citizenship? Political Rights Under Imperial Conditions. Ratio Juris 18 (2):236-257.
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  30.  29
    Joseph M. De Torre (2004). Albert Camus and the Philosophy of the Absurd. Review of Metaphysics 57 (4):865-867.
    This book is an attempt to read the totality of Camus’s oeuvre as a voyage, in which Camus approaches the fundamental questions of human existence: What is the meaning of life? Can ultimate values be grounded without metaphysical presuppositions? Can the pain of the other penetrate the thick shield of human narcissism and self-interest? Solipsism and solidarity are among the destinations Camus reaches in the course of this journey. This book is a new reading of one of the towering humanists (...)
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  31. Tanya Reinhart (1991). Nonquanti cational LF. In Aka Kasher (ed.), The Chomskyan Turn. Basil Blackwell
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  32. A. Kevin Reinhart (2003). Islamic Ethics of Life : Future Challenges. In Jonathan E. Brockopp (ed.), Islamic Ethics of Life: Abortion, War, and Euthanasia. University of South Carolina Press
  33.  8
    Massimo La Torre (1995). Citizenship: A European Wager. Ratio Juris 8 (1):113-123.
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  34.  2
    Alfredo Rocha de la Torre (2014). „Totalitarismus des Seins“? Die Ethik Bei Lévinas Als Kritik Am Denken Heideggers. In Inga Römer (ed.), Affektivität Und Ethik Bei Kant Und in der Phänomenologie. De Gruyter 241-252.
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  35.  7
    A. Kevin Reinhart (2005). Origins of Islamic Ethics: Foundations and Constructions. In William Schweiker (ed.), The Blackwell Companion to Religious Ethics. Blackwell Pub. 244--253.
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  36.  18
    Massimo La Torre (1993). Institutionalism Old and New. Ratio Juris 6 (2):190-201.
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  37.  6
    Leendert W. N. Torre & Yao-Hua Tan (1999). Diagnosis and Decision Making in Normative Reasoning. Artificial Intelligence and Law 7 (1).
    Diagnosis theory reasons about incomplete knowledge and only considers the past. It distinguishes between violations and non-violations. Qualitative decision theory reasons about decision variables and considers the future. It distinguishes between fulfilled goals and unfulfilled goals. In this paper we formalize normative diagnoses and decisions in the special purpose formalism DIO2 as well as in extensions of the preference-based deontic logic PDL. The DIagnostic and DEcision-theoretic framework for DEontic reasoning DIO2 formalizes reasoning about violations and fulfillments, and is used to (...)
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  38.  10
    Massimo La Torre (1995). Democracy and Tensions. Representation, Majority Rule, Fundamental Rights. Ratio Juris 8 (3):373-396.
  39.  2
    Yasser Sakr, Juliana Marques, Stefan Mortsch, Matheus Demarchi Gonsalves, Khosro Hekmat, Bjorn Kabisch, Matthias Kohl & Konrad Reinhart (2012). Is the SAPS II Score Valid in Surgical Intensive Care Unit Patients? Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (2):231-237.
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  40.  14
    Martin Reinhart & Marcel Weber (2006). The Nature of Scientific Evidence: Statistical, Philosophical, and Empirical Considerations (Review). Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 49 (2):305-308.
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  41.  3
    Michael Torre (2002). 5. The Portrait of Evil in The Lord of the Rings: Reflections Personal, Literary, and Theological. Logos 5 (4).
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  42. Elisabeth Reinhart (2003). La Veritas vitae en los escritos de Tomás de Aquino. Revista Española de Filosofía Medieval 10:313-320.
    La expresión veritas vitae o “verdad de la vida” significa, en Tomás de Aquino, que el hombre realiza en su vida los designios existentes sobre él en la mente de Dios. El estudio de los textos aquinianos pone de manifiesto que el sintagma veritas vitae forma parte de la “triple verdad” y se sitúa a un nivel más profundo que la virtud de la veracidad. La relación entre veracidad y “verdad de la vida” abre una perspectiva interesante que puede prestarse (...)
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  43.  9
    Massimo La Torre (1991). Carl Schmitt and the "Third Reich". Ratio Juris 4 (2):261-264.
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  44. Víctor Arias Torre (2010). Voluntariado y drogodependencias. Critica 60 (967):92-95.
    Proyecto Hombre acaba de cumplir 25 años de trabajo en el campo de la integración social y especialmente en la reinserción de drogodependientes. Desde su origen, con la presencia del Voluntariado como uno de los elementos que dan identidad y mejor expresan el estilo del programa terapéutico-educativo: "podría subsistir Proyecto hombre sin personas voluntarias, pero no sería lo mismo".
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  45.  1
    Carlos Torre (2014). The People, Democracy, and Authoritarianism in Rafael Correa's Ecuador. Constellations 21 (4):457-466.
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  46.  3
    Dov M. Gabbay & Leendert van der Torre (2009). Preface for Studia Logica Special Issue (2). Studia Logica 93 (2/3):105 - 108.
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  47.  3
    Mehmet Barut, Robert Brown, Nicole Freund, Jonathan May & Elizabeth Reinhart (2006). RFID and Corporate Responsibility: Hidden Costs in RFID Implementation. Business and Society Review 111 (3):287-303.
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  48.  4
    Guillaume Aucher, Guido Boella & Leendert Torre (2011). A Dynamic Logic for Privacy Compliance. Artificial Intelligence and Law 19 (2-3):187-231.
    Knowledge based privacy policies are more declarative than traditional action based ones, because they specify only what is permitted or forbidden to know, and leave the derivation of the permitted actions to a security monitor. This inference problem is already non trivial with a static privacy policy, and becomes challenging when privacy policies can change over time. We therefore introduce a dynamic modal logic that permits not only to reason about permitted and forbidden knowledge to derive the permitted actions, but (...)
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  49.  2
    André Torre & Bertrand Zuindeau (2009). Dossier « Économie de la Proximité » – Les Apports de l'Économie de la Proximité aux Approches Environnementales : Inventaire Et Perspectives. Natures Sciences Sociétés 17 (4):349-360.
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  50.  2
    Guido Boella, Dov M. Gabbay, Leendert van der Torre & Serena Villata (2009). Meta-Argumentation Modelling I: Methodology and Techniques. Studia Logica 93 (2/3):297 - 355.
    In this paper, we introduce the methodology and techniques of metaargumentation to model argumentation. The methodology of meta-argumentation instantiates Dung's abstract argumentation theory with an extended argumentation theory, and is thus based on a combination of the methodology of instantiating abstract arguments, and the methodology of extending Dung's basic argumentation frameworks with other relations among abstract arguments. The technique of meta-argumentation applies Dung's theory of abstract argumentation to itself, by instantiating Dung's abstract arguments with meta-arguments using a technique called flattening. (...)
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