Search results for 'Relation' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Ian Evans (2013). The Problem of the Basing Relation. Synthese 190 (14):2943-2957.score: 24.0
    In days past, epistemologists expended a good deal of effort trying to analyze the basing relation—the relation between a belief and its basis. No satisfying account was offered, and the project was largely abandoned. Younger epistemologists, however, have begun to yearn for an adequate theory of basing. I aim to deliver one. After establishing some data and arguing that traditional accounts of basing are unsatisfying, I introduce a novel theory of the basing relation: the dispositional theory. It (...)
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  2. Kevin McCain (2012). The Interventionist Account of Causation and the Basing Relation. Philosophical Studies 159 (3):357-382.score: 24.0
    It is commonplace to distinguish between propositional justification (having good reasons for believing p) and doxastic justification (believing p on the basis of those good reasons).One necessary requirement for bridging the gap between S’s merely having propositional justification that p and S’s having doxastic justification that p is that S base her belief that p on her reasons (propositional justification).A plausible suggestion for what it takes for S’s belief to be based on her reasons is that her reasons must contribute (...)
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  3. Jc Beall, Ross Brady, Michael Dunn, Allen Hazen, Edwin Mares, John Slaney, Robert K. Meyer, Graham Priest, Greg Restall, David Ripley & Richard Sylvan (2012). On the Ternary Relation and Conditionality. Journal of Philosophical Logic 41 (3):595-612.score: 24.0
    One of the most dominant approaches to semantics for relevant (and many paraconsistent) logics is the Routley–Meyer semantics involving a ternary relation on points. To some (many?), this ternary relation has seemed like a technical trick devoid of an intuitively appealing philosophical story that connects it up with conditionality in general. In this paper, we respond to this worry by providing three different philosophical accounts of the ternary relation that correspond to three conceptions of conditionality. We close (...)
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  4. Antonio Di Domenico, Andreas Gabriel, Beatrix C. Hiesmayr, Florian Hipp, Marcus Huber, Gerd Krizek, Karoline Mühlbacher, Sasa Radic, Christoph Spengler & Lukas Theussl (2012). Heisenberg's Uncertainty Relation and Bell Inequalities in High Energy Physics. Foundations of Physics 42 (6):778-802.score: 24.0
    An effective formalism is developed to handle decaying two-state systems. Herewith, observables of such systems can be described by a single operator in the Heisenberg picture. This allows for using the usual framework in quantum information theory and, hence, to enlighten the quantum features of such systems compared to non-decaying systems. We apply it to systems in high energy physics, i.e. to oscillating meson–antimeson systems. In particular, we discuss the entropic Heisenberg uncertainty relation for observables measured at different times (...)
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  5. Hannah Tierney & Nicholas D. Smith (2012). Keith Lehrer on the Basing Relation. Philosophical Studies 161 (1):27-36.score: 24.0
    In this paper, we review Keith Lehrer’s account of the basing relation, with particular attention to the two cases he offered in support of his theory, Raco (Lehrer, Theory of knowledge, 1990; Theory of knowledge, (2nd ed.), 2000) and the earlier case of the superstitious lawyer (Lehrer, The Journal of Philosophy, 68, 311–313, 1971). We show that Lehrer’s examples succeed in making his case that beliefs need not be based on the evidence, in order to be justified. These cases (...)
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  6. Bo Chen (2006). The Debate on the Yan-Yi Relation in Chinese Philosophy: Reconstruction and Comments. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 1 (4):539-560.score: 24.0
    The debate on the yan-yi relation was carried out by Chinese philosophers collectively, and the principles and methods in the debate still belong to a living tradition of Chinese philosophy. From Yijing (Book of Changes), Lunyu (Analects), Laozi and Zhuangzi to Wang Bi, "yi" which cannot be expressed fully by yan (language), is not only "idea" or "meaning" in the human mind, but is also some kind of ontological existence, which is beyond yan and emblematic symbols, and unspeakable. Thus, (...)
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  7. Sho Tanaka (2009). Kinematical Reduction of Spatial Degrees of Freedom and Holographic Relation in Yang's Quantized Space-Time Algebra. Foundations of Physics 39 (5):510-518.score: 24.0
    We try to find a possible origin of the holographic principle in the Lorentz-covariant Yang’s quantized space-time algebra (YSTA). YSTA, which is intrinsically equipped with short- and long-scale parameters, λ and R, gives a finite number of spatial degrees of freedom for any bounded spatial region, providing a basis for divergence-free quantum field theory. Furthermore, it gives a definite kinematical reduction of spatial degrees of freedom, compared with the ordinary lattice space. On account of the latter fact, we find a (...)
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  8. Andrew Metcalfe & Ann Game (2012). 'In the Beginning is Relation': Martin Buber's Alternative to Binary Oppositions. [REVIEW] Sophia 51 (3):351-363.score: 24.0
    Abstract In this article we develop a relational understanding of sociality, that is, an account of social life that takes relation as primary. This stands in contrast to the common assumption that relations arise when subjects interact, an account that gives logical priority to separation. We will develop this relational understanding through a reading of the work of Martin Buber, a social philosopher primarily interested in dialogue, meeting, relationship, and the irreducibility and incomparability of reality. In particular, the article (...)
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  9. Philip H. P. Nguyen, Ken Kaneiwa, Dan R. Corbett & Minh-Quang Nguyen (2009). Meta-Relation and Ontology Closure in Conceptual Structure Theory. Artificial Intelligence and Law 17 (4):291-320.score: 24.0
    This paper presents an enhanced ontology formalization, combining previous work in Conceptual Structure Theory and Order-Sorted Logic. Most existing ontology formalisms place greater importance on concept types, but in this paper we focus on relation types, which are in essence predicates on concept types. We formalize the notion of ‘predicate of predicates’ as meta-relation type and introduce the new hierarchy of meta-relation types as part of the ontology definition. The new notion of closure of a relation (...)
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  10. Darren Whobrey (2001). Machine Mentality and the Nature of the Ground Relation. Minds and Machines 11 (3):307-346.score: 24.0
    John Searle distinguished between weak and strong artificial intelligence (AI). This essay discusses a third alternative, mild AI, according to which a machine may be capable of possessing a species of mentality. Using James Fetzer's conception of minds as semiotic systems, the possibility of what might be called ``mild AI'' receives consideration. Fetzer argues against strong AI by contending that digital machines lack the ground relationship required of semiotic systems. In this essay, the implementational nature of semiotic processes posited by (...)
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  11. Jc Beall, Ross Brady, J. Michael Dunn, A. P. Hazen, Edwin Mares, Robert K. Meyer, Graham Priest, Greg Restall, David Ripley, John Slaney & Richard Sylvan (2012). On the Ternary Relation and Conditionality. Journal of Philosophical Logic 41 (3):595 - 612.score: 24.0
    One of the most dominant approaches to semantics for relevant (and many paraconsistent) logics is the Routley-Meyer semantics involving a ternary relation on points. To some (many?), this ternary relation has seemed like a technical trick devoid of an intuitively appealing philosophical story that connects it up with conditionality in general. In this paper, we respond to this worry by providing three different philosophical accounts of the ternary relation that correspond to three conceptions of conditionality. We close (...)
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  12. Jakub Mácha (2009). Metaphor: Perceiving an Internal Relation. In Contributions of the Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society. Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society.score: 24.0
    The problem of metaphor has come to a noteworthy revival in the analytical philosophy of today. Despite all progress that has been made, the majority of important studies consider the function of metaphor as an analogue to visual perception. Such comparison may be conceived as metaphor as well. In his late philosophy, Wittgenstein spent a lot of effort to explain the use of the expression "seeing as". I argue that his explanations can be transposed to the explanation of the function (...)
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  13. Andreas Hüttemann (forthcoming). Physicalism and the Part-Whole Relation. In Christian Wüthrich & Tomasz Bigaj (eds.), Metaphysics in Contemporary Physics.score: 24.0
    In this paper I intend to analyse whether a certain kind of physicalism (part-wholephysicalism)is supported by what classical mechanics and quantum mechanics have to say about the part whole relation. I will argue that not even the most likely candidates – namely cases of microexplanation of the dynamics of compound systems – provide evidence for part whole-physicalism, i.e. the thesis that the behaviour of the compound obtains in virtue of the behaviour of the parts. Physics does not dictate part-whole-physicalism.
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  14. Liam P. Dempsey (2006). Written in the Flesh: Isaac Newton on the Mind–Body Relation. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 37 (3):420-441.score: 24.0
    Isaac Newton’s views on the mind–body relation are of interest not only because of their somewhat unique departure from popular early modern conceptions of mind and its relation to body, but also because of their connections with other aspects of Newton’s thought. In this paper I argue that (1) Newton accepted an interesting sort of mind–body monism, one which defies neat categorization, but which clearly departs from Cartesian substance dualism, and (2) Newton took the power by which we (...)
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  15. Anvar M. Nurakunov & Michał M. Stronkowski (2013). Relation Formulas for Protoalgebraic Equality Free Quasivarieties; Pałasińska's Theorem Revisited. Studia Logica 101 (4):827-847.score: 24.0
    We provide a new proof of the following Pałasińska's theorem: Every finitely generated protoalgebraic relation distributive equality free quasivariety is finitely axiomatizable. The main tool we use are ${\mathcal{Q}}$ Q -relation formulas for a protoalgebraic equality free quasivariety ${\mathcal{Q}}$ Q . They are the counterparts of the congruence formulas used for describing the generation of congruences in algebras. Having this tool in hand, we prove a finite axiomatization theorem for ${\mathcal{Q}}$ Q when it has definable principal ${\mathcal{Q}}$ Q (...)
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  16. Albert Visser (1997). Dynamic Relation Logic is the Logic of DPL-Relations. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 6 (4):441-452.score: 24.0
    In this paper we prove that the principles in the languagewith relation composition and dynamic implication, valid forall binary relations, are the same ones as the principlesvalid when we restrict ourselves to DPL-relations,i.e. relations generated from conditions (tests) and resettings.
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  17. Ivo D.[Uuml ]Ntsch, Gunther Schmidt & Michael Winter (2001). A Necessary Relation Algebra for Mereotopology. Studia Logica 69 (3):381-409.score: 24.0
    The standard model for mereotopological structures are Boolean subalgebras of the complete Boolean algebra of regular closed subsets of a nonempty connected regular T0 topological space with an additional "contact relation" C defined by xCy ? x n ? Ø.
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  18. Roger D. Maddux (1992). Relation Algebras of Every Dimension. Journal of Symbolic Logic 57 (4):1213-1229.score: 24.0
    Conjecture (1) of [Ma83] is confirmed here by the following result: if $3 \leq \alpha < \omega$, then there is a finite relation algebra of dimension α, which is not a relation algebra of dimension α + 1. A logical consequence of this theorem is that for every finite α ≥ 3 there is a formula of the form $S \subseteq T$ (asserting that one binary relation is included in another), which is provable with α + 1 (...)
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  19. Michael Moses (2010). The Block Relation in Computable Linear Orders. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 52 (3):289-305.score: 24.0
    The block relation B(x,y) in a linear order is satisfied by elements that are finitely far apart; a block is an equivalence class under this relation. We show that every computable linear order with dense condensation-type (i.e., a dense collection of blocks) but no infinite, strongly η-like interval (i.e., with all blocks of size less than some fixed, finite k ) has a computable copy with the nonblock relation ¬ B(x,y) computably enumerable. This implies that every computable (...)
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  20. H. Tristram Engelhardt (1977). Husserl and the Mind-Brain Relation. In. In Don Ihde & Richard M. Zaner (eds.), Interdisciplinary Phenomenology. M. Nijhoff. 51--70.score: 24.0
    The mind-body relation or, more particularly, the mind-brain relation 1 has been a perennial puzzle for philosophers—how can things so different be intimately related? Husserl dealt with the mind-brain relation in Section 63 of Ideen II, “Psychophysischer Parallelismus and Wechselwirkung,” 2 where he gave a critique of psychophysical parallelism. For Husserl, the mind-brain relation is to be understood not as a material or metaphysical relation, but as a relation between the presented sense or significance (...)
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  21. Rodolphe Gasché (1999). Of Minimal Things: Studies on the Notion of Relation. Stanford University Press.score: 24.0
    Exploring and reassessing the philosophical notion of relation, Of Minimal Things views relation as the minimal and elemental theme and structure of philosophy, in contrast to the scholastic, ontological conception of relation as a thing of diminished being. Drawing radical conclusions from the classical understanding of relation as a being-toward-another, it argues that rethinking relation engages the very possibility and limits of philosophical discourse. In the author's studies of Nietzsche, Benjamin, Husserl, Heidegger, Derrida and Blanchot, (...)
     
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  22. Andrzej Pietruszczak (2004). The Axiomatization of Horst Wessel's Strict Logical Consequence Relation. Logic and Logical Philosophy 13:121-138.score: 24.0
    In his book from 1984 Horst Wessel presents the system of strict logical consequence Fs (see also (Wessel, 1979)). The author maintained that this system axiomatized the relation |=s of strict logical consequence between formulas of Classical Propositional Calculi (CPC). Let |= be the classical consequence relation in CPC. The relation |=s is defined as follows: phi |=s psi iff phi |= psi, every variable from psi occurs in phi and neither phi is a contradiction nor psi (...)
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  23. Gloria L. Schaab (2012). Trinity in Relation: Creation, Incarnation, and Grace in an Evolving Cosmos. Anselm Academic.score: 24.0
    1. To be is to be-in-relation -- 2. Cosmic being as relation -- 3. Human being as relation -- 4. Divine being as relation -- 5. Divine and cosmic being in relation -- 6. Creation as relation in an evolving cosmos -- 7. Incarnation as relation in an evolving cosmos -- 8. Grace as relation in an evolving cosmos -- 9. Living in trinitarian relation.
     
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  24. Bertram F. Malle (2002). The Relation Between Language and Theory of Mind in Development and Evolution. In Malle, Bertram F. (2002) the Relation Between Language and Theory of Mind in Development and Evolution. [Book Chapter].score: 21.0
    Considering the close relation between language and theory of mind in development and their tight connection in social behavior, it is no big leap to claim that the two capacities have been related in evolution as well. But what is the exact relation between them? This paper attempts to clear a path toward an answer. I consider several possible relations between the two faculties, bring conceptual arguments and empirical evidence to bear on them, and end up arguing for (...)
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  25. Douglas E. Ehring (1995). Personal Identity and the R-Relation: Reconciliation Through Cohabitation. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 73 (3):337-346.score: 21.0
  26. Mark Siderits (1988). Ehring on Parfit's Relation R. Analysis 48 (January):29-32.score: 21.0
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  27. Thomas Schürmann & Ingo Hoffmann (2009). A Closer Look at the Uncertainty Relation of Position and Momentum. Foundations of Physics 39 (8):958-963.score: 21.0
    We consider particles prepared by a single slit diffraction experiment. For those particles the standard deviation σ p of the momentum is discussed. We find out that σ p =∞ is not an exception but a rather typical case. A necessary and sufficient condition for σ p <∞ is given. Finally, the inequality σ p Δx≥π ℏ is derived and it is shown that this bound cannot be improved.
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  28. Max Rieser (1946). A Methodological Investigation Into the Relation Between Mind and Body. Journal of Philosophy 43 (September):551-557.score: 21.0
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  29. Joel David Hamkins & Justin Palumbo (2012). The Rigid Relation Principle, a New Weak Choice Principle. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 58 (6):394-398.score: 21.0
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  30. Daniel Kahneman & Joel Norman (1964). The Time-Intensity Relation in Visual Perception as a Function of Observer's Task. Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (3):215.score: 21.0
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  31. Agi Kurucz (2009). Weakly Associative Relation Algebras with Projections. Mlq 55 (2):138-153.score: 21.0
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  32. Claudia W. Ruitenberg (2011). Art, Politics, and the Pedagogical Relation. Studies in Philosophy and Education 30 (2):211-223.score: 21.0
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  33. Marc-Antoine Vallée (2012). Au risque de soi: L'événement et la relation. Journal of French and Francophone Philosophy 20 (2):154-172.score: 21.0
    Ce texte s’efforce de définir la contribution possible de la phénoménologie française contemporaine au développement et à la radicalisation du projet d’une herméneutique du soi. Il s’agit, plus spécifiquement, de préciser quelle conception décentrée du soi ressort des récents travaux de Claude Romano sur l’événement et d’Emmanuel Housset sur la dimension relationnelle de la personne. Pour ce faire, l’auteur insiste sur les convergences entre les deux œuvres, tout en s’interrogeant sur les limites de ces approches.
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  34. Philippe Vincke (1992). Exploitation of a Crisp Relation in a Ranking Problem. Theory and Decision 32 (3):221-240.score: 21.0
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  35. Chen Bo (2006). The Debate on the Yan–Yi Relation in Chinese Philosophy: Reconstruction and Comments. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 1 (4):539-560.score: 21.0
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  36. Robert W. Schaeffer (1965). The Reinforcement Relation as a Function of Instrumental Response Base Rate. Journal of Experimental Psychology 69 (4):419.score: 21.0
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  37. Youssef Boudabbous (1998). Sur la Détermination d'Une Relation Binaire à Partir d'Informations Locales. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 44 (2):265-276.score: 21.0
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  38. Karl‐Heinz Diener & K.‐H. Diener (1992). On the Transitive Hull of a Κ‐Narrow Relation. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 38 (1):387-398.score: 21.0
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  39. Raimundas Jurka (2010). Immunities of the Witness and Witnessing in the Criminal Procedure: The Problem of Identity and Relation. Jurisprudence 121 (3):269-282.score: 21.0
    The article deals with the discussion of the concept and implementation of immunities of the witness in the criminal proceedings in abstracto. The problem is whether the additional guarantee of protection of the witness’ procedural interests, which is fixed in the Law of the Criminal Procedure, is appropriately methodologically regulated, or whether certain immunities of the witness are appropriately perceived and applied in practice, is raised in the present article. Through this reason, the author, searching for the answers to these (...)
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  40. Jean-Pierre Olivier & Dany Serrato (1995). Initial Objects, Universal Objects for Squares, Equivalences and Congruences in Relation Semi-Algebras and Algebras. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 41 (4):455-475.score: 21.0
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  41. Andrzej Pietruszczak (2004). The Consequence Relation Preserving Logical Information. Logic and Logical Philosophy 13:89-120.score: 21.0
    Information is contained in statements and «flows» from their structure and meaning of expressions they contain. The information that flows only from the meaning of logical constants and logical structure of statements we will call logical information. In this paper we present a formal explication of this notion which is proper for sentences being Boolean combination of atomic sentences. 1 Therefore we limit ourselves to analyzing logical information flowing only from the meaning of truth-value connectives and logical structure of sentences (...)
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  42. James Stillwaggon & David Jelinek (2011). Legal, Tender: The Deferred Romance of Pedagogical Relation in The Paper Chase. Studies in Philosophy and Education 30 (1):1-17.score: 21.0
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  43. Zhi‐Wei Sun (1992). Anew Relation‐Combining Theorem and its Application. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 38 (1):209-212.score: 21.0
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  44. L. E. Travis & D. B. Lindsey (1931). The Relation of Frequency and Extent of Action Currents to Intensity of Muscular Contraction. Journal of Experimental Psychology 14 (4):359.score: 21.0
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  45. Tarek Sayed Ahmed (2009). A Simple Construction of Representable Relation Algebras with Non‐Representable Completions. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 55 (3):237-244.score: 21.0
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  46. Kalidas Bhattacharya (1977). On the Concepts of Relation and Negation in Indian Philosophy. Sanskrit College.score: 21.0
     
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  47. Youssef Boudabbous & Gérard Lopez (1995). La Relation Différence Et l'Anti‐Isomorphie. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 41 (2):268-280.score: 21.0
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  48. R. Y. Herren (1932). The Relation of Stuttering and Alcohol to Certain Tremor Rates. Journal of Experimental Psychology 15 (1):87.score: 21.0
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  49. S. Jackson (2004). The Strong Partition Relation on Omega~1 Revisited. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 50 (1):33.score: 21.0
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