Search results for 'Relationism' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Markus Seidel (2011). Relativism or Relationism? A Mannheimian Interpretation of Fleck's Claims About Relativism. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 42 (2):219-240.score: 24.0
    The paper explores the defence by the early sociologist of science Ludwik Fleck against the charge of relativism. It is shown that there are crucial and hitherto unnoticed similarities between Fleck’s strategy and the attempt by his contemporary Karl Mannheim to distinguish between an incoherent relativism and a consistent relationism. Both authors seek to revise epistemology fundamentally by reinterpreting the concept of objectivity in two ways: as inner- and inter-style objectivity. The argument for the latter concept shows the genuine (...)
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  2. Paolo Bonardi (2013). Semantic Relationism, Belief Reports and Contradiction. Philosophical Studies 166 (2):273-284.score: 24.0
    In his book Semantic Relationism, Kit Fine propounds an original and sophisticated semantic theory called ‘semantic relationism’ or ‘relational semantics’, whose peculiarity is the enrichment of Kaplan’s, Salmon’s and Soames’ Russellian semantics (more specifically, the semantic content of simple sentences and the truth-conditions of belief reports) with coordination, “the very strongest relation of synonymy or being semantically the same”. In this paper, my goal is to shed light on an undesirable result of semantic relationism: a report like (...)
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  3. Mahrad Almotahari (2013). Flaws of Formal Relationism. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 2 (4):367-376.score: 24.0
    Formal relationism in the philosophy of mind is the thesis that folk psychological states should be individuated, at least partially, in terms of the purely formal inference-licensing relations between underlying mental representations. It's supposed to provide a Russellian alternative to a Fregean theory of propositional attitudes. I argue that there's an inconsistency between the motivation for formal relationism and the use to which it's put in defense of Russellian propositions. Furthermore, I argue that formal relationism is committed (...)
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  4. Steve Torrance (2014). Artificial Consciousness and Artificial Ethics: Between Realism and Social Relationism. Philosophy and Technology 27 (1):9-29.score: 24.0
    I compare a ‘realist’ with a ‘social–relational’ perspective on our judgments of the moral status of artificial agents (AAs). I develop a realist position according to which the moral status of a being—particularly in relation to moral patiency attribution—is closely bound up with that being’s ability to experience states of conscious satisfaction or suffering (CSS). For a realist, both moral status and experiential capacity are objective properties of agents. A social relationist denies the existence of any such objective properties in (...)
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  5. Jiri Benovsky (2011). The Relationist and Substantivalist Theories of Time: Foes or Friends? European Journal of Philosophy 19 (4):491-506.score: 18.0
    Abstract: There are two traditionally rival views about the nature of time: substantivalism that takes time to be a substance that exists independently of events located in it, and relationism that takes time to be constructed out of events. In this paper, first, I want to make some progress with respect to the debate between these two views, and I do this mainly by examining the strategies they use to face the possibilities of ‘empty time’ and ‘time without change’. (...)
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  6. Oliver Pooley, Relationism Rehabilitated? II: Relativity.score: 18.0
    In a companion paper (Pooley & Brown 2001) it is argued that Julian Barbour's Machian approach to dynamics provides a genuinely relational interpretation of Newtonian dynamics and that it is more explanatory than the conventional, substantival interpretation. In this paper the extension of the approach to relativistic physics is considered. General relativity, it turns out, can be reinterpreted as a perfectly Machian theory. However, there are difficulties with viewing the Machian interpretation as more fundamental than the conventional, spacetime interpretation. Moreover, (...)
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  7. Kit Fine (2007). Semantic Relationism. Blackwell Pub..score: 18.0
    Introducing a new and ambitious position in the field, Kit Fine’s Semantic Relationism is a major contribution to the philosophy of language. Written by one of today’s most respected philosophers Argues for a fundamentally new approach to the study of representation in language and thought Proposes that there may be representational relationships between expressions or elements of thought that are not grounded in the intrinsic representational features of the expressions or elements themselves Forms part of the prestigious new Blackwell/Brown (...)
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  8. Dennis Dieks (2001). Space-Time Relationism in Newtonian and Relativistic Physics. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 15 (1):5 – 17.score: 18.0
    I argue that there is natural relationist interpretation of Newtonian and relativistic non-quantum physics. Although relationist, this interpretation does not fall prey to the traditional objections based on the existence of inertial effects.
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  9. Carolyn Brighouse (1999). Incongruent Counterparts and Modal Relationism. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 13 (1):53 – 68.score: 18.0
    Kant's argument from incongruent counterparts for substantival space is examined; it is concluded that the argument has no force against a relationist. The argument does suggest that a relationist cannot give an account of enantiomorphism, incongruent counterparts and orientability. The prospects for a relationist account of these notions are assessed, and it is found that they are good provided the relationist is some kind of modal relationist. An illustration and interpretation of these modal commitments is given.
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  10. Edward Slowik (2009). Newton's Metaphysics of Space: A “Tertium Quid” Betwixt Substantivalism and Relationism, or Merely a “God of the (Rational Mechanical) Gaps”? Perspectives on Science 17 (4):pp. 429-456.score: 18.0
    This paper investigates the question of, and the degree to which, Newton’s theory of space constitutes a third-way between the traditional substantivalist and relationist ontologies, i.e., that Newton judged that space is neither a type of substance/entity nor purely a relation among such substances. A non-substantivalist reading of Newton has been famously defended by Howard Stein, among others; but, as will be demonstrated, these claims are problematic on various grounds, especially as regards Newton’s alleged rejection of the traditional substance/accident (...)
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  11. Mauro Dorato (2000). Substantivalism, Relationism, and Structural Spacetime Realism. Foundations of Physics 30 (10):1605-1628.score: 18.0
    Debates about the ontological implications of the general theory of relativity have long oscillated between spacetime substantivalism and relationism. I evaluate such debates by claiming that we need a third option, which I refer to as “structural spacetime realism.” Such a tertium quid sides with the relationists in defending the relational nature of the spacetime structure, but joins the substantivalists in arguing that spacetime exists, at least in part, independently of particular physical objects and events, the degree of “independence” (...)
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  12. Mauro Dorato, Is Structural Spacetime Realism Relationism in Disguise? The Supererogatory Nature of the Substantivalism/Relationism Debate.score: 18.0
    The paper defends two claims;(1) Viewed from the perspective of the substantivalism/relationism debate, structural spacetime realism (i.e., the view that spacetime is exemplified structure) is a form of relationism; (2) However, if we managed to reinforce Rynasiewicz’s (1996) point that the general theory of relativity makes the substantivalism/relationism dispute “outdated”, the re-elaboration of Stein’s 1967 version of structural spacetime realism to be proposed here proves to be a good, antimetaphysical solution to the problem of the ontological (...)
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  13. Edward Slowik (2012). The 'Properties' of Leibnizian Space: Whither Relationism? Intellectual History Review 22 (1):107-129.score: 18.0
    This essay examines the metaphysical foundation of Leibniz’s theory of space against the backdrop of the subtantivalism/relationism debate and at the ontological level of material bodies and properties. As will be demonstrated, the details of Leibniz’ theory defy a straightforward categorization employing the standard relationism often attributed to his views. Rather, a more careful analysis of his metaphysical doctrines related to bodies and space will reveal the importance of a host of concepts, such as the foundational role of (...)
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  14. Ian Hinckfuss (1988). Absolutism and Relationism in Space and Time: A False Dichotomy. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 39 (2):183-192.score: 18.0
    The traditional absolutist-relationist controversy about space and time conflates four distinct issues: existence, abstraction, relationality and relativity. Terms which are relational, relative or abstract may denote items which possess contingent properties. Possession of such properties, including topological and geometrical properties, is therefore no indication of logical type. To fail to recognise the possibility of spaces, times and space-times of various logical types is to risk conflating two distinct ontological issues: a metaphysical issue concerning the existence of abstract objects and a (...)
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  15. J. Butterfield (1984). Relationism and Possible Worlds. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 35 (2):101-113.score: 18.0
    Relationism claims that our physical theory does not commit us to spacetime points. I consider how a relationist might rewrite physical theories without referring to spacetime points, by appealing to possible objects and possible configurations of objects. I argue that a number of difficulties confront this project. I also argue that a relationist need not be Machian in the sense of claiming that objects' spatiotemporal relations determine whether any object is accelerating.
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  16. Brent Mundy (1989). On Quantitative Relationist Theories. Philosophy of Science 56 (4):582-600.score: 18.0
    Mundy (1983) presented the formal apparatus of certain relationist theories of space and space-time taking quantitative relations as primitive. The present paper discusses the philosophical and physical interpretation of such theories, and replies to some objections to such theories and to relationism in general raised in Field (1985). Under an appropriate second-order naturalistic Platonist interpretation of the formalism, quantitative relationist theories are seen to be entirely comparable to spatialist ones in respect of the issues raised by Field. Moreover, it (...)
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  17. Brent Mundy (1991). Embedding and Uniqueness in Relationist Theories. Philosophy of Science 58 (1):102-124.score: 18.0
    Relationist theories of space or space-time based on embedding of a physical relational system A into a corresponding geometrical system B raise problems associated with the degree of uniqueness of the embedding. Such uniqueness problems are familiar in the representational theory of measurement (RTM), and are dealt with by imposing a condition of uniqueness of embeddings up to composition with an "admissible transformation" of the space B. Friedman (1983) presents an alternative treatment of the uniqueness problem for embedding relationist theories, (...)
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  18. Gary Ostertag (2009). Review of Kit Fine, Semantic Relationism. [REVIEW] Austrlasian Journal of Philosophy 87 (2):345-9.score: 15.0
  19. Benj Hellie (2007). That Which Makes the Sensation of Blue a Mental Fact: Moore on Phenomenal Relationism. European Journal of Philosophy 15 (3):334-66.score: 15.0
    I interpret the anti-idealist manoeuverings of the second half of Moore's 'The refutation of idealism', material as widely cited for its discussion of 'transparency' and 'diaphanousness' as it is deeply obscure. The centerpiece of these manoeuverings is a phenomenological argument for a relational view of perceptual phenomenal character, on which, roughly, 'that which makes the sensation of blue a mental fact' is a non-intentional relation of conscious awareness, a view close to the opposite of the most characteristic contemporary view going (...)
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  20. Dennis Dieks (2009). Objectivity in Perspective: Relationism in the Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 39 (7):760-775.score: 15.0
    Pekka Lahti is a prominent exponent of the renaissance of foundational studies in quantum mechanics that has taken place during the last few decades. Among other things, he and coworkers have drawn renewed attention to, and have analyzed with fresh mathematical rigor, the threat of inconsistency at the basis of quantum theory: ordinary measurement interactions, described within the mathematical formalism by Schrödinger-type equations of motion, seem to be unable to lead to the occurrence of definite measurement outcomes, whereas the same (...)
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  21. G. Rattan (2010). Semantic Relationism, by Kit Fine. Mind 118 (472):1124-1131.score: 15.0
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  22. Gary Ostertag (2009). Review of Fine, Kit,Semantic Relationism, Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2007, Pp. Vii + 160, US$74.95 (Hardback). [REVIEW] Australasian Journal of Philosophy 87 (2):345-349.score: 15.0
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  23. Oliver Pooley (2004). Comments on Sklar's ``Barbour's Relationist Metric of Time''. Chronos 6:77-86.score: 15.0
    Julian Barbour's approach to dynamics is reviewed. With a particular focus on questions of explanation and confirmation, the approach is contrasted with standard formulations of dynamics. This paper expands upon my commentary on Lawrence Sklar's paper at the Philosophy of Time Society meeting at the APA's Central Division meeting in Chicago, April 2004. Although a commentary, the current paper is comprehensible without reference to Sklar's paper.
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  24. Robin Le Poidevin (1990). Relationism and Temporal Topology: Physics or Metaphysics? Philosophical Quarterly 40 (161):419-432.score: 15.0
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  25. Michael Tye (2012). Cohen on Color Relationism. Analytic Philosophy 53 (3):297-305.score: 15.0
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  26. John Earman (1979). Was Leibniz a Relationist? Midwest Studies in Philosophy 4 (1):263-276.score: 15.0
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  27. Michael R. Gardner (1977). Relationism and Relativity. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 28 (3):215-233.score: 15.0
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  28. Robin Le Poidevin (1990). Relationism and Temporal Topology: Physics or Metaphysics? Philosophical Quarterly 40 (161):419 - 432.score: 15.0
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  29. Edward Slowik (2006). The “Dynamics” of Leibnizian Relationism: Reference Frames and Force in Leibniz's Plenum. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 37 (4):617-634.score: 15.0
  30. Sing-Nan Fen (1952). The Contribution of Cultural Relationism to Cultural Reconstruction. Educational Theory 2 (1):20-32.score: 15.0
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  31. Edward Slowik (2013). The Deep Metaphysics of Quantum Gravity: The Seventeenth Century Legacy and an Alternative Ontology Beyond Substantivalism and Relationism. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 44 (4):490-499.score: 15.0
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  32. Eli Mintz, A PHYSICALIST RELATIONIST THEORY OF COLOR.score: 15.0
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  33. John Scott (1998). Relationism, Cubism, and Reality: Beyond Relativism. In Tim May & Malcolm Williams (eds.), Knowing the Social World. Open University Press. 103--119.score: 15.0
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  34. Friedel Weinert (2000). Relationism and Relativity. Philosophy of Science 51:561-585.score: 15.0
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  35. Tingyang Zhao (2012). All-Under-Heaven and Methodological Relationism: An Old Story and New World Peace. In Fred Dallmayr & Tingyang Zhao (eds.), Contemporary Chinese Political Thought: Debates and Perspectives. University Press of Kentucky.score: 15.0
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  36. M. A. Minghui (2012). The Semantic Relationistic Approach to Generalized Fregean Puzzles. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 7 (3):404-421.score: 11.0
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  37. Christina Conroy (2008). No Lacuna and No Vicious Regress: A Reply to le Poidevin. [REVIEW] Acta Analytica 23 (4):367-372.score: 9.0
    In his “Space, supervenience and substantivalism”, Le Poidevin proposes a substantivalism in which space is discrete, implying that there are unmediated spatial relations between neighboring primitive points. This proposition is motivated by his concern that relationism suffers from an explanatory lacuna and that substantivalism gives rise to a vicious regress. Le Poidevin implicitly requires that the relationist be committed to the “only x and y ” principle regarding spatial relations. It is not obvious that the relationist is committed to (...)
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  38. François Récanati (2007). Perspectival Thought: A Plea for (Moderate) Relativism. Oxford University Press.score: 6.0
    Moderate relativism -- The framework -- The distribution of content -- Radical vs. moderate relativism -- Two levels of content -- Branch points for moderate relativism -- The debate over temporalism (1) : do we need temporal propositions? -- Modal vs. extensional treatments of tense -- What is at stake? -- Modal and temporal innocence -- Temporal operators and temporal propositions in an extensional framework -- The debate over temporalism (2) : can we believe temporal propositions? -- An epistemic argument (...)
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  39. Martin Buber (1970). I and Thou. New York,Scribner.score: 6.0
    Recognized as a landmark of twentieth century intellectual history, I and Thou is Buber's masterpiece.
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  40. Martin Buber (2002). The Martin Buber Reader: Essential Writings. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 6.0
    There is no adequate understanding of contemporary Jewish and Christian theology without reference to Martin Buber. Buber wrote numerous books during his lifetime (1878-1965) and is best known for I and Thouand Good and Evil. Buber has influenced important Protestant theologians like Karl Barth, Emil Brunner, Paul Tillich, and Reinhold Niebuhr. His appeal is vast--not only is he renowned for his translations of the Hebrew Bible but also for his interpretation of Hasidism, his role in Zionism, and his writings in (...)
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  41. Kenneth Kramer (2003). Martin Buber's I and Thou: Practicing Living Dialogue. Paulist Press.score: 6.0
    The twofold world -- Three relational realms -- What is "genuine community" -- Who is the "real I"? -- Glimpsing the "eternal thou" -- The way of "turning" -- Postscript -- Frequently asked questions -- The way of "inclusion".
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  42. Gordon Belot (2011). Geometric Possibility. Oxford University Press.score: 6.0
    Gordon Belot investigates the distinctive notion of geometric possibility that relationalists rely upon.
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  43. Tim Crane (1990). An Alleged Analogy Between Numbers and Propositions. Analysis 50 (4):224-230.score: 6.0
  44. Abraham Rudnick (2001). A Meta-Ethical Critique of Care Ethics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 22 (6):505-517.score: 6.0
    A meta-ethical analysis demonstrates that care ethics is a grounded in a distinct mode of moral reasoning. This is comprised primarily of the rejection of principles such as impartiality, and the endorsement of emotional or moral virtues such as compassion, as well as the notion that the preservation of relations may override the interests of the individuals involved in them. The main conclusion of such a meta-ethical analysis is that such meta-ethical foundations of care ethics are not sound. Reasonable alternatives (...)
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  45. Thea Goodsell (2014). Is de Jure Coreference Non-Transitive? Philosophical Studies 167 (2):291-312.score: 6.0
    Recent work has brought to prominence the idea that some utterances contain occurrences of noun phrases that not only corefer, but do so in a particularly guaranteed or explicit way—call such occurrences ‘de jure coreferential’. Studies of de jure coreference have considered both the characteristics of the relation, and its explanation. Pinillos (154(2):301–324, 2011) argues that de jure coreference is non-transitive, and uses this as part of his argument for a new semantic primitive explaining de jure coreference. In this paper, (...)
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  46. Markus Seidel (2011). Karl Mannheim, Relativism and Knowledge in the Natural Sciences – A Deviant Interpretation. In Richard Schantz & Markus Seidel (eds.), The Problem of Relativism in the Sociology of (Scientific) Knowledge. ontos.score: 6.0
    The paper focuses on one central aspect of Karl Mannheim’s sociology of knowledge: his exemption of the contents of mathematics and the natural sciences from sociological investigations. After emphasizing the importance of Mannheim’s contribution and his exemption-thesis to the history and development of the field and the problem of relativism, I survey several interpretations of the thesis – especially those put forward by proponents of the so-called ‘Strong Programme’. I argue that these interpretations do not get the philosophical background and (...)
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  47. Una Stojnic (2009). Kant's Consideration of Space and the Puzzle of Incongruence. Filozofija I Drustvo 20 (2):261-277.score: 6.0
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  48. N. Ángel Pinillos (2011). Coreference and Meaning. Philosophical Studies 154 (2):301 - 324.score: 6.0
    Sometimes two expressions in a discourse can be about the same thing in a way that makes that very fact evident to the participants. Consider, for example, 'he' and 'John' in 'John went to the store and he bought some milk'. Let us call this 'de jure' coreference. Other times, coreference is 'de facto' as with 'Mark Twain' and 'Samuel Clemens' in a sincere use of 'Mark Twain is not Samuel Clemens'. Here, agents can understand the speech without knowing that (...)
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  49. Nenad Filipovic (2009). Hands, Screws, Triangles and Absolute Space. Filozofija I Drustvo 20 (2):279-302.score: 6.0
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  50. Alexander Sissel Kohanski (1975). An Analytical Interpretation of Martin Buber's I and Thou. Woodbury, N.Y.,Barron's Educational Series, Inc..score: 6.0
     
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