Search results for 'Reliability' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Samuel Schindler (2011). Bogen and Woodward's Data-Phenomena Distinction, Forms of Theory-Ladenness, and the Reliability of Data. Synthese 182 (1):39-55.score: 24.0
    Some twenty years ago, Bogen and Woodward challenged one of the fundamental assumptions of the received view, namely the theory-observation dichotomy and argued for the introduction of the further category of scientific phenomena. The latter, Bogen and Woodward stressed, are usually unobservable and inferred from what is indeed observable, namely scientific data. Crucially, Bogen and Woodward claimed that theories predict and explain phenomena, but not data. But then, of course, the thesis of theory-ladenness, which has it that our observations are (...)
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  2. Peter Murphy (2006). Reliability Connections Between Conceivability and Inconceivability. Dialectica 60 (2):195-205.score: 24.0
    Conceivability is an important source of our beliefs about what is possible; inconceivability is an important source of our beliefs about what is impossible. What are the connections between the reliability of these sources? If one is reliable, does it follow that the other is also reliable? The central contention of this paper is that suitably qualified the reliability of inconceivability implies the reliability of conceivability, but the reliability of conceivability fails to imply the reliability (...)
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  3. Domenic V. Cicchetti (1997). Referees, Editors, and Publication Practices: Improving the Reliability and Usefulness of the Peer Review System. Science and Engineering Ethics 3 (1):51-62.score: 24.0
    The documented low levels of reliability of the peer review process present a serious challenge to editors who must often base their publication decisions on conflicting referee recommendations. The purpose of this article is to discuss this process and examine ways to produce a more reliable and useful peer review system.
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  4. Michael Schippers (forthcoming). Coherence, Striking Agreement, and Reliability. Synthese:1-24.score: 24.0
    Striving for a probabilistic explication of coherence, scholars proposed a distinction between agreement and striking agreement. In this paper I argue that only the former should be considered a genuine concept of coherence. In a second step the relation between coherence and reliability is assessed. I show that it is possible to concur with common intuitions regarding the impact of coherence on reliability in various types of witness scenarios by means of an agreement measure of coherence. Highlighting the (...)
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  5. Stefan Schubert (2012). Is Coherence Conducive to Reliability? Synthese 187 (2):607-621.score: 24.0
    A measure of coherence is said to be reliability conducive if and only if a higher degree of coherence (asmeasured) of a set of testimonies implies a higher probability that the witnesses are reliable. Recently, it has been proved that the Shogenji measure of coherence is reliability conducive in restricted scenarios (e.g., Olsson and Schubert, Synthese, 157:297–308, 2007). In this article, I investigate whether the Shogenji measure, or any other coherence measure, is reliability conducive in general. An (...)
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  6. Stefan Schubert (2012). Coherence Reasoning and Reliability: A Defense of the Shogenji Measure. Synthese 187 (2):305-319.score: 24.0
    A measure of coherence is said to be reliability conducive if and only if a higher degree of coherence (as measured) results in a higher likelihood that the witnesses are reliable. Recently, it has been proved that several coherence measures proposed in the literature are reliability conducive in a restricted scenario (Olsson and Schubert 2007, Synthese 157:297–308). My aim is to investigate which coherence measures turn out to be reliability conducive in the more general scenario where it (...)
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  7. Axel Gelfert (2013). Coverage-Reliability, Epistemic Dependence, and the Problem of Rumor-Based Belief. Philosophia 41 (3):763-786.score: 24.0
    Rumors, for better or worse, are an important element of public discourse. The present paper focuses on rumors as an epistemic phenomenon rather than as a social or political problem. In particular, it investigates the relation between the mode of transmission and the reliability, if any, of rumors as a source of knowledge. It does so by comparing rumor with two forms of epistemic dependence that have recently received attention in the philosophical literature: our dependence on the testimony of (...)
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  8. Julia Lackmann, Jürgen Ernstberger & Michael Stich (2012). Market Reactions to Increased Reliability of Sustainability Information. Journal of Business Ethics 107 (2):111-128.score: 24.0
    This article investigates whether investors consider the reliability of companies’ sustainability information when determining the companies’ market value. Specifically, we examine market reactions (in terms of abnormal returns) to events that increase the reliability of companies’ sustainability information but do not provide markets with additional sustainability information. Controlling for competing effects, we regard companies’ additions to an internationally important sustainability index as such events and consider possible determinants for market reactions. Our results suggest that first, investors take into (...)
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  9. Roberto Cordeschi (2013). Automatic Decision-Making and Reliability in Robotic Systems: Some Implications in the Case of Robot Weapons. AI and Society 28 (4):431-441.score: 24.0
    In this article, I shall examine some of the issues and questions involved in the technology of autonomous robots, a technology that has developed greatly and is advancing rapidly. I shall do so with reference to a particularly critical field: autonomous military robotic systems. In recent times, various issues concerning the ethical implications of these systems have been the object of increasing attention from roboticists, philosophers and legal experts. The purpose of this paper is not to deal with these issues, (...)
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  10. Anthony Peressini (2003). Proof, Reliability, and Mathematical Knowledge. Theoria 69 (3):211-232.score: 24.0
    With respect to the confirmation of mathematical propositions, proof possesses an epistemological authority unmatched by other means of confirmation. This paper is an investigation into why this is the case. I make use of an analysis drawn from an early reliability perspective on knowledge to help make sense of mathematical proofs singular epistemological status.
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  11. A. N. Golodnikov, P. S. Knopov & V. A. Pepelyaev (2004). Estimation of Reliability Parameters Under Incomplete Primary Information. Theory and Decision 57 (4):331-344.score: 24.0
    We consider the procedure for small-sample estimation of reliability parameters. The main shortcomings of the classical methods and the Bayesian approach are analyzed. Models that find robust Bayesian estimates are proposed. The sensitivity of the Bayesian estimates to the choice of the prior distribution functions is investigated using models that find upper and lower bounds. The proposed models reduce to optimization problems in the space of distribution functions.
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  12. Robin K. Henson Kim Nimon, Linda Reichwein Zientek (2012). The Assumption of a Reliable Instrument and Other Pitfalls to Avoid When Considering the Reliability of Data. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 24.0
    The purpose of this article is to help researchers avoid common pitfalls associated with reliability including incorrectly assuming that (a) measurement error always attenuates observed score correlations, (b) different sources of measurement error are not cumulative, and (c) reliability is a function of instrumentation. To accomplish our purpose, we first describe what reliability is and why researchers should care about it with focus on its impact on effect sizes. Second, we review how reliability is assessed with (...)
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  13. Hedwig Boudrez & Dirk De Bacquer (2012). A Dutch Version of the Modified Reasons for Smoking Scale: Factorial Structure, Reliability and Validity. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (4):799-806.score: 24.0
    Aims : The Modified Reasons for Smoking Scale (MRSS) is a widely accepted scale that measures psychological functions of smoking. The scale has been translated in Dutch and has been validated, in order to be used in clinical smoking cessation practice in the Dutch-speaking part of Belgium. This study examined the factorial structure, reliability and validity of the scale in a sample of smokers, who are characterized by a high level of dependence and an explicit motivation to stop smoking. (...)
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  14. Eliza Congdon, Jeanette A. Mumford, Jessica R. Cohen, Adriana Galvan, Turhan Canli & Russell A. Poldrack (2012). Measurement and Reliability of Response Inhibition. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 24.0
    Response inhibition plays a critical role in adaptive functioning and can be assessed with the Stop-signal task, which requires participants to suppress prepotent motor responses. Evidence suggests that this ability to inhibit a motor response that has already been initiated (reflected as Stop-signal reaction time (SSRT)) is a quantitative and heritable measure of interindividual variation in brain function. In order to examine the reliability of this measure, we pooled data across three separate studies and examined the influence of multiple (...)
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  15. Timothy McGrew & Lydia McGrew (2012). The Reliability of Witnesses and Testimony to the Miraculous. In Jake Chandler Victoria S. Harrison (ed.), Probability in the Philosophy of Religion. Oxford.score: 24.0
    The formal representation of the strength of witness testimony has been historically tied to a formula — proposed by Condorcet — that uses a factor representing the reliability of an individual witness. This approach encourages a false dilemma between hyper-scepticism about testimony, especially to extraordinary events such as miracles, and an overly sanguine estimate of reliability based on insufficiently detailed evidence. Because Condorcet’s formula does not have the resources for representing numerous epistemically relevant details in the unique situation (...)
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  16. Julie Pozzebon, Rodica Ioana Damian, Patrick Hill, Yuchen Lin, Susan Lapham & Brent W. Roberts (2013). Establishing the Validity and Reliability of the Project Talent Personality Inventory. Frontiers in Psychology 4:968.score: 24.0
    Project Talent is a national longitudinal study that started in 1960. The original sample included over 440,000 students, which amounted to a 5% representative sample of high school students across the United States. Previous research has not yet established the validity and reliability of the personality measure used in this study, that is, the Project Talent Personality Inventory (PTPI). Given the potential interest and use of the PTPI in forthcoming research, the goals of the present paper were to establish (...)
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  17. Jason Baehr (2006). Character, Reliability and Virtue Epistemology. Philosophical Quarterly 56 (223):193–212.score: 22.0
    Standard characterizations of virtue epistemology divide the field into two camps: virtue reliabilism and virtue responsibilism. Virtue reliabilists think of intellectual virtues as reliable cognitive faculties or abilities, while virtue responsibilists conceive of them as good intellectual character traits. I argue that responsibilist character virtues sometimes satisfy the conditions of a reliabilist conception of intellectual virtue, and that consequently virtue reliabilists, and reliabilists in general, must pay closer attention to matters of intellectual character. This leads to several new questions and (...)
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  18. Richard H. Feldman (1988). Rationality, Reliability, and Natural Selection. Philosophy of Science 55 (June):218-27.score: 22.0
    A tempting argument for human rationality goes like this: it is more conducive to survival to have true beliefs than false beliefs, so it is more conducive to survival to use reliable belief-forming strategies than unreliable ones. But reliable strategies are rational strategies, so there is a selective advantage to using rational strategies. Since we have evolved, we must use rational strategies. In this paper I argue that some criticisms of this argument offered by Stephen Stich fail because they rely (...)
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  19. Ernest Sosa (2002). Reliability and the a Priori. In John Hawthorne & Tamar Gendler (eds.), Conceivability and Possibility. Oxford University Press. 369--384.score: 21.0
  20. Jason Baehr (2007). On the Reliability of Moral and Intellectual Virtues. Metaphilosophy 38 (4):456-470.score: 21.0
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  21. Andreas Jarvstad & Ulrike Hahn (2011). Source Reliability and the Conjunction Fallacy. Cognitive Science 35 (4):682-711.score: 21.0
  22. W. L. Jenkins (1939). Studies in Thermal Sensitivity: 9. The Reliability of Seriatim Cold-Mapping with Untrained Subjects. Journal of Experimental Psychology 24 (3):278.score: 21.0
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  23. John Wingard Jr (2010). Reliability in Plantinga´s Account of Epistemic Warrant. Principia 6 (2):249-278.score: 21.0
    In das paper 1 ccmstder the rehabday condaton in Atm PlanungaS's proper functionabst account of eptstemtc warrant I begm by reviewing m some detail the features of the rehabdity condition as Planunga lias aruculated a From there, 1 consider what is needed to ground or secure the sort of rehability whzch Plantinga has m mind, and argue that what is needed is a significant causai condam which has generally been overlooked Then, after identifying eight verstons of the relevant sort of (...)
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  24. Judith Glück, Susanne König, Katja Naschenweng, Uwe Redzanowski, Lara Dorner, Irene Straßer & Wolfgang Wiedermann (2013). How to Measure Wisdom: Content, Reliability, and Validity of Five Measures. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 21.0
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  25. H. J. Eysenck (1941). The Validity and Reliability of Group Judgments. Journal of Experimental Psychology 29 (5):427-434.score: 21.0
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  26. Ching-Hung Lin, Tzu-Jiun Song, Ying-Ying Chen, We-Kang Lee & Yao-Chu Chiu (2013). Reexamining the Validity and Reliability of the Clinical Version of the Iowa Gambling Task: Evidence From a Normal Subject Group. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 21.0
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  27. Yolandi Brink & Quinette A. Louw (2012). Clinical Instruments: Reliability and Validity Critical Appraisal. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (6):1126-1132.score: 21.0
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  28. Domenic V. Cicchetti (1991). The Reliability of Peer Review for Manuscript and Grant Submissions: A Cross-Disciplinary Investigation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (1):119-135.score: 21.0
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  29. Lois Lawrence Elliott (1958). Reliability of Judgments of Figural Complexity. Journal of Experimental Psychology 56 (4):335.score: 21.0
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  30. M. A. Tinker (1945). Reliability of Blinking Frequency Employed as a Measure of Readability. Journal of Experimental Psychology 35 (5):418.score: 21.0
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  31. Nathalie I. H. Wellens, Koen Milisen, Johan Flamaing & Philip Moons (2012). Methods to Assess the Reliability of the interRAI Acute Care: A Framework to Guide Clinimetric Testing. Part II. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (4):822-827.score: 21.0
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  32. P. H. Gompertz, P. Irwin, R. Morris, D. Lowe MSc Cstat, Z. Rutledge, A. G. Rudd & M. G. Pearson (2001). Reliability and Validity of the Intercollegiate Stroke Audit Package. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 7 (1):1-11.score: 21.0
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  33. Esther M. V. Grootenboer, Erik J. Giltay, Rosalind van der Lem, Tineke van Veen, Nic J. A. van der Wee & Frans G. Zitman (2012). Reliability and Validity of the Global Assessment of Functioning Scale in Clinical Outpatients with Depressive Disorders. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (2):502-507.score: 21.0
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  34. K. L. Haywood, J. Hargreaves, R. White & S. E. Lamb (2004). Reviewing Measures of Outcome: Reliability of Data Extraction. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10 (2):329-337.score: 21.0
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  35. J. Q. Holsopple (1922). Reliability of Scores in Steadiness Tests. Journal of Experimental Psychology 5 (3):203.score: 21.0
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  36. David C. Howell (1970). Free Association Reliability as a Function of Response Strength. Journal of Experimental Psychology 85 (3):431.score: 21.0
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  37. D. Gwyn Seymour, Anne E. Ball, Elizabeth M. Russell, William R. Primrose, Andrew M. Garratt & John R. Crawford (2001). Problems in Using Health Survey Questionnaires in Older Patients with Physical Disabilities. The Reliability and Validity of the SF‐36 and the Effect of Cognitive Impairment. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 7 (4):411-418.score: 21.0
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  38. B. B. Smith (1941). The Validity and Reliability of Group Judgments. Journal of Experimental Psychology 29 (5):420-426.score: 21.0
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  39. Rachel Voellinger, Patrick Taffé, Jacques Cornuz, Pierre Durieux & Bernard Burnand (2011). Discriminant Validity and Test–Retest Reliability of a Self‐Administered Internet‐Based Questionnaire Testing Doctors' Knowledge in Evidence‐Based Medicine. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (3):471-477.score: 21.0
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  40. Carlos Kh Wong, Cindy Lk Lam, Wai‐Lun Law, Jensen Tc Poon, Pierre Chan, Dora Lw Kwong & Janice Tsang (2012). Validity and Reliability Study on Traditional Chinese FACT‐C in Chinese Patients with Colorectal Neoplasm. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (6):1186-1195.score: 21.0
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  41. Renée Allvin, Margareta Ehnfors, Narinder Rawal, Elisabeth Svensson & Ewa Idvall (2009). Development of a Questionnaire to Measure Patient‐Reported Postoperative Recovery: Content Validity and Intra‐Patient Reliability. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (3):411-419.score: 21.0
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  42. Arzu Daskapan, Stefan Höfer, Neil Oldridge, Neslihan Alkan, Haldun Muderrisoglu & Emine Handan Tuzun (2008). The Validity and Reliability of the Turkish Version of the MacNew Heart Disease Questionnaire in Patients with Angina. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (2):209-213.score: 21.0
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  43. M. David Egger & Neal E. Miller (1962). Secondary Reinforcement in Rats as a Function of Information Value and Reliability of the Stimulus. Journal of Experimental Psychology 64 (2):97.score: 21.0
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  44. L. H. Lanier (1927). Prediction of the Reliability of Mental Tests and Tests of Special Abilities. Journal of Experimental Psychology 10 (2):69.score: 21.0
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  45. F. A. Mote, G. E. Briggs & K. M. Michels (1954). The Reliability of Measurements of Human Dark Adaptation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 48 (1):69.score: 21.0
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  46. Christopher Shlels, Allen Hutchlnson, Martin Eccles, Eric Gardiner & Lada Smoljanovlc (1996). Accuracy and Reliability of Assessment of Severity of Illness Before and After an Educational Intervention. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 2 (4):265-271.score: 21.0
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  47. M. A. Tinker (1936). Reliability and Validity of Eye-Movement Measures of Reading. Journal of Experimental Psychology 19 (6):732.score: 21.0
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  48. Jack Lyons (2011). Circularity, Reliability, and the Cognitive Penetrability of Perception. Philosophical Issues 21 (1):289-311.score: 18.0
    Is perception cognitively penetrable, and what are the epistemological consequences if it is? I address the latter of these two questions, partly by reference to recent work by Athanassios Raftopoulos and Susanna Seigel. Against the usual, circularity, readings of cognitive penetrability, I argue that cognitive penetration can be epistemically virtuous, when---and only when---it increases the reliability of perception.
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  49. Folke Tersman (2008). The Reliability of Moral Intuitions: A Challenge From Neuroscience. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 86 (3):389 – 405.score: 18.0
    A recent study of moral intuitions, performed by Joshua Greene and a group of researchers at Princeton University, has recently received a lot of attention. Greene and his collaborators designed a set of experiments in which subjects were undergoing brain scanning as they were asked to respond to various practical dilemmas. They found that contemplation of some of these cases (cases where the subjects had to imagine that they must use some direct form of violence) elicited greater activity in certain (...)
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  50. Joshua Schechter (2010). The Reliability Challenge and the Epistemology of Logic. Philosophical Perspectives 24 (1):437-464.score: 18.0
    We think of logic as objective. We also think that we are reliable about logic. These views jointly generate a puzzle: How is it that we are reliable about logic? How is it that our logical beliefs match an objective domain of logical fact? This is an instance of a more general challenge to explain our reliability about a priori domains. In this paper, I argue that the nature of this challenge has not been properly understood. I explicate the (...)
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