Search results for 'Renee Abbott' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Paul Rule, Patrick Hutchings, Reg Naulty, Joseph LaPorte, Purushottama Bilimoria, Renee Abbott, Peter Kakol, Rob Harle & V. L. Krishnamoorthy (1999). Reviews. [REVIEW] Sophia 38 (1):122-166.score: 240.0
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  2. Philip Abbott (1979). On Wertheimer's "Errata: A Reply to Abbott". Political Theory 7 (1):139-141.score: 120.0
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  3. Edwin A. Abbott (1906). Abbott's Johannine Grammar. The Classical Review 20 (04):232-233.score: 120.0
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  4. Barbara Abbott (1995). Natural Language and Thought: Thinking in English. Behavior and Philosophy 23 (2):49-55.score: 90.0
     
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  5. Barbara Abbott (1995). Thinking Without English. Behavior and Philosophy 23 (2):49 - 55.score: 60.0
    Abbott replies to each of Hauser's arguments. Problem solving by chimpanzees and evidence of recursion in the thought of a feral human being suggest that natural language is not necessary for productive thought. Communication would be trivial if the inner language were the outer language, but it is not. The decryption analogy Hauser uses is flawed, and it is not clear which way Occam's razor cuts.
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  6. Barbara Abbott (2010). Reference. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    This book introduces the most important problems of reference and considers the solutions that have been proposed to explain them. Reference is at the centre of debate among linguists and philosophers and, as Barbara Abbott shows, this has been the case for centuries. She begins by examining the basic issue of how far reference is a two place (words-world) or a three place (speakers-words-world) relation. She then discusses the main aspects of the field and the issues associated with them, (...)
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  7. Mathew Abbott (2010). The Poetic Experience of the World. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 18 (4):493-516.score: 30.0
    In this article I develop Heidegger's phenomenology of poetry, showing that it may provide grounds for rejecting claims that he lapses into linguistic idealism. Proceeding via an analysis of the three concepts of language operative in the philosopher's work, I demonstrate how poetic language challenges language's designative and world-disclosive functions. The experience with poetic language, which disrupts Dasein's absorption by emerging out of equipmentality in the mode of the broken tool, brings Dasein to wonder at the world's existence in such (...)
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  8. Andrew Abbott (1988). Transcending General Linear Reality. Sociological Theory 6 (2):169-186.score: 30.0
    This paper argues that the dominance of linear models has led many sociologists to construe the social world in terms of a "general linear reality." This reality assumes (1) that the social world consists of fixed entities with variable attributes, (2) that cause cannot flow from "small" to "large" attributes/events, (3) that causal attributes have only one causal pattern at once, (4) that the sequence of events does not influence their outcome, (5) that the "careers" of entities are largely independent, (...)
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  9. Pamela Abbott (2005). An Introduction to Sociology: Feminist Perspectives. Routledge.score: 30.0
    This third edition of the bestselling An Introduction to Sociology: Feminist Perspectives confirms the ongoing centrality of feminist perspectives and research to the sociological enterprise and introduces students to the wide range of feminist contributions to key areas of sociological concern. This completely revised edition includes: · new chapters on sexuality and the media · additional material on race and ethnicity, disability and the body · many new international and comparative examples · the influence of theories of globalization and post-colonial (...)
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  10. Barbara Abbott, Some Remarks on Indicative Conditionals.score: 30.0
    We will look at several theories of indicative conditionals grouped into three categories: those that base its semantics on its logical counterpart (the material conditional); intensional analyses, which bring in alternative possible worlds; and a third subgroup which denies that indicative conditionals express propositions at all. We will also look at some problems for each kind of approach.
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  11. Barbara Abbott (2008). Presuppositions and Common Ground. Linguistics and Philosophy 31 (5):523-538.score: 30.0
    This paper presents problems for Stalnaker’s common ground theory of presupposition. Stalnaker (Linguist and Philos 25:701–721, 2002) proposes a 2-stage process of utterance interpretation: presupposed content is added to the common ground prior to acceptance/rejection of the utterance as a whole. But this revision makes presupposition difficult to distinguish from assertion. A more fundamental problem is that the common ground theory rests on a faulty theory of assertion—that the essence of assertion is to present the content of an utterance as (...)
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  12. Philip Abbott (1978). Philosophers and the Abortion Question. Political Theory 6 (3):313-335.score: 30.0
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  13. Andrew Abbott (2005). Linked Ecologies: States and Universities as Environments for Professions. Sociological Theory 23 (3):245-274.score: 30.0
    In this article I generalize ecological theory by developing the notion of separate but linked ecologies. I characterize an ecology by its set of actors, its set of locations, and the relation it involves between these. I then develop two central concepts for the linkage of ecologies: hinges and avatars. The first are issues or strategies that "work" in both ecologies at once. The second are attempts to institutionalize in one ecology a copy or colony of an actor in another. (...)
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  14. Barbara Abbott, The Difference Between Definite and Indefinite Descriptions.score: 30.0
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  15. Barbara Abbott, The Formal Approach to Meaning: Formal Semantics and its Recent Developments.score: 30.0
    Like Spanish moss on a live oak tree, the scientific study of meaning in language has expanded in the last 100 years, and continues to expand steadily. In this essay I want to chart some central themes in that expansion, including their histories and their important figures. Our attention will be directed toward what is called 'formal semantics', which is the adaptation to natural language of analytical techniques from logic.[1] The first, background, section of the paper will survey the changing (...)
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  16. Barbara Abbott (2006). Definite and Indefinite. In Keith Brown (ed.), Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. Elsevier. 3--392.score: 30.0
  17. T. K. Abbott (1904). Fresh Light on Molyneux' Problem. Dr. Ramsay's Case. Mind 13 (52):543-554.score: 30.0
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  18. Barbara Abbott, Issues in the Semantics and Pragmatics of Definite Descriptions in English.score: 30.0
  19. Barbara Abbott, Presuppositions, Negation, and Existence.score: 30.0
    Last year (2005) marked the 100th anniversary of the publication of Russell’s classic ‘On denoting’. It should not cast any shadow on that great work to note that the problems it provided solutions to are still the subject of controversy. Two of those problems involved noun phrases (NPs) which fail to denote. Russell’s examples (1a) and (1b) (1) a. The king of France is bald. b. The king of France is not bald. are puzzling because they have the form of (...)
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  20. Barbara Abbott (2011). Attitudes Toward Quotation1. In Elke Brendel (ed.), Understanding Quotation. De Gruyter Mouton. 7--35.score: 30.0
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  21. Barbara Abbott, Specificity and Referentiality.score: 30.0
  22. Barbara Abbott, Definiteness and Identification in English.score: 30.0
    Many characterizations of definiteness in natural language have been given. However a number of them converge on a single idea involving uniqueness of applicability of a property. This paper will attempt to do two things. One is to try to unify some of these current views of definiteness, seeing them as drawing out Gricean conversational implicatures of the uniqueness concept, and the other is to try a more articulated approach to dealing with some recalcitrant counterexamples. I will focus primarily, but (...)
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  23. Barbara Abbott, Analyticity and Nondescriptionality[*] Michigan State University Abbottb@Msu.Edu.score: 30.0
    One of the widely accepted and quite influential conclusions of modern Anglo-American philosophy is that there is no sharp distinction between analytic truths and statements that are true only [by] virtue of the facts; what had been called analytic truths in earlier work, it is alleged, are simply expressions of deeply held belief. This conclusion seems quite erroneous. There is no fact about the world that I could discover that would convince me that you persuaded John to go to college (...)
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  24. B. Abbott & L. Hauser, Realism, Model Theory, and Linguistic Semantics.score: 30.0
    George Lakoff (in his book Women, Fire, and Dangerous Things(1987) and the paper "Cognitive semantics" (1988)) champions some radical foundational views. Strikingly, Lakoff opposes realism as a metaphysical position, favoring instead some supposedly mild form of idealism such as that recently espoused by Hilary Putnam, going under the name "internal realism." For what he takes to be connected reasons, Lakoff also rejects truth conditional model-theoretic semantics for natural language. This paper examines an argument, given by Lakoff, against realism and MTS. (...)
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  25. Barbara Abbott & Laurence R. Hom, Nonfamiliarity and Indefinite Descriptions.score: 30.0
    Grice introduced generalized conversational implicatures with the following example: "Anyone who uses a sentence of the formX is meeting tz woman this evening would normally implicate that the person to be met was someone other than X’s wife, mother, sister, or perhaps even close platonic friend" (1975 : 37). Concerning this example, he suggested the following account: When someone, by using the form of expression an JQ implicates that the X does not belong to or is not otherwise closely connected (...)
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  26. Barbara Abbott (2011). Support for Individual Concepts. Linguistic and Philosophical Investigations 10:23-44.score: 30.0
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  27. Barbara Abbott (1999). Water =H 2 O. Mind 108 (429):145--8.score: 30.0
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  28. Barbara Abbott (1997). Models, Truth and Semantics. Linguistics and Philosophy 20 (2):117-138.score: 30.0
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  29. Barbara Abbott, Where Have Some of the Presuppositions Gone?score: 30.0
    Some presuppositions seem to be weaker than others in the sense that they can be more easily neutralized in some contexts. For example some factive verbs, most notably epistemic factives like know, be aware, and discover, are known to shed their factivity fairly easily in contexts such as are found in (1). (1) a. …if anyone discovers that the method is also wombat-proof, I’d really like to know! b. Mrs. London is not aware that there have ever been signs erected (...)
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  30. Don Paul Abbott (2007). Kant, Theremin, and the Morality of Rhetoric. Philosophy and Rhetoric 40 (3):274-292.score: 30.0
  31. Barbara Abbott, Definiteness and Indefiniteness.score: 30.0
    The prototypes of definiteness and indefiniteness in English are the definite article the and the indefinite article a/an, and singular noun phrases (NPs)1 determined by them. That being the case it is not to be predicted that the concepts, whatever their content, will extend satisfactorily to other determiners or NP types. However it has become standard to extend these notions. Of the two categories definites have received rather more attention, and more than one researcher has characterized the category of definite (...)
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  32. Barbara Abbott (2009). Part V. Back to Grice: Conditionals in English and Fopl. In Dingfang Shu & Ken Turner (eds.), Contrasting Meanings in Languages of the East and West. Peter Lang.score: 30.0
    In the 1960’s, both Montague (e.g. 1970, 222) and Grice (1975, 24) famously declared that natural languages were not so different from the formal languages of logic as people had thought. Montague sought to comprehend the grammars of both within a single theory, and Grice sought to explain away apparent divergences as due to the fact that the former, but not the latter, were used for conversation. But, if we confine our concept of logic to first order predicate logic (or (...)
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  33. Russ Abbott (2009). The Reductionist Blind Spot. Complexity 14 (5):10-22.score: 30.0
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  34. B. Abbott (2002). Discussion Note: Definiteness and Proper Names: Some Bad News for the Description Theory. Journal of Semantics 19 (2):191-201.score: 30.0
    This paper addresses some data put forward by Geurts (1997) in support of his metalinguistic or quotation theory of proper names, according to which a name N means ‘the individual named N’. The data illustrate ten linguistic behaviours claimed to be shared by proper names and definite descriptions. I argue that in some cases the behaviours have a common explanation which is based on a property independent of Geurts' analysis, and that in the remaining cases the behaviours are not actually (...)
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  35. Barbara Abbott (2000). Fodor and Lepore on Meaning Similarity and Compositionality. Journal of Philosophy 97 (8):454-455.score: 30.0
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  36. Barbara Abbott (1989). Nondescriptionality and Natural Kind Terms. Linguistics and Philosophy 12 (3):269 - 291.score: 30.0
    The phrase "natural kind term" has come into the linguistic and philosophical literature in connection with well-known work of Kripke (1972) and Pulrmm (1970, 1975a). I use that phrase here in the sense it has acquired from those and subseqnent works on related topics. This is not the transparent sense of the phrase. That is, if I am right in what follows there are words for kinds of things existing in nature which are not natural kind terms in the current (...)
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  37. Barbara Abbott (2008). Issues in the Semantics and Pragmatics of Definite Descriptions in English. In Nancy Hedberg & Jeanette Gundel (eds.), Reference: Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Oxford University Press. 61-72.score: 30.0
  38. Barbara Abbott (1997). A Note on the Nature of "Water". Mind 106 (422):311-319.score: 30.0
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  39. Barbara Abbott, Reference and Quantification: The Partee Effect.score: 30.0
    Partee (1973) discussed quotation from the perspective of the then relatively new theory of transformational grammar.2 As she pointed out, the phenomenon presents many curious puzzles. In some ways quotes seem quite separate from their surrounding text; they may be in a different dialect, as in her example in (1), (1) ‘I talk better English than the both of youse!’ shouted Charles, thereby convincing me that he didn’t. [Partee (1973):ex. 20] or even in a different language, as in (2): (2) (...)
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  40. Phillip Abbott (1982). On Gutmann, "Moral Philosophy and Political Problems". Political Theory 10 (4):606-609.score: 30.0
  41. William Abbott & Angus Kerr-Lawson (1983). Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature Richard Rorty Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1979. Pp. Xv, 401. Dialogue 22 (01):175-178.score: 30.0
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  42. Barbara Abbott, Asian, and African Languages; and Philosophy.score: 30.0
    This chapter reviews issues surrounding theories of reference. The simplest theory is the Fido-Fido theory – that reference is all that an NP has to contribute to the meaning of phrases and sentences in which it occurs. Two big problems for this theory are coreferential NPs that do not behave as though they were semantically equivalent and meaningful NPs without a referent. These problems are especially acute in sentences..
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  43. B. Abbott (1999). Discussion. Water=H2O. Mind 108 (429):145-148.score: 30.0
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  44. Barbara Abbott, Annette Herskovits, Philip L. Peterson, Alfred R. Mele, David J. Cole, Daniel Crevier, Francis Jeffry Pelletier, Istvan S. N. Berkeley, Brendan J. Kitts, Mike Brown & George Paliouras (1996). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 6 (2):239-285.score: 30.0
  45. Derek Abbott & Paul C. W. Davies, Order From Disorder: The Role of Noise in Creative Processes. A Special Issue On Game Theory And.score: 30.0
    The importance of applying game theory to the evolution of information in the presence of noise has recently become widely recognized. This Special Issue addresses the theme of spontaneously emergent order in both classical and quantum systems subject to external noise, and includes papers directly related to game theory or the development of supporting techniques. In the following editorial overview we examine the broader context of the subject, including the tension between the destructive and creative aspects of noise, and foreshadow (...)
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  46. Barbara Abbott & Grover Hudson (1981). Making Sense. Linguistics and Philosophy 4 (3):437-451.score: 30.0
    This would have been a better book if Sampson had argued his main point, the usefulness of the Simonian principle as an explanation of the evolution, structure, and acquisition of language, on its own merits, instead of making it subsidiary to his attack on ‘limited-minders’ (e.g., Noam Chomsky). The energy he has spent on the attack he might then have been willing and able to employ in developing his argument at reasonable length and detail. He might then have found that (...)
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  47. Gary E. Marchant, Douglas J. Sylvester & Kenneth W. Abbott (2008). Risk Management Principles for Nanotechnology. NanoEthics 2 (1):43-60.score: 30.0
    Risk management of nanotechnology is challenged by the enormous uncertainties about the risks, benefits, properties, and future direction of nanotechnology applications. Because of these uncertainties, traditional risk management principles such as acceptable risk, cost–benefit analysis, and feasibility are unworkable, as is the newest risk management principle, the precautionary principle. Yet, simply waiting for these uncertainties to be resolved before undertaking risk management efforts would not be prudent, in part because of the growing public concerns about nanotechnology driven by risk perception (...)
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  48. Barbara Abbott (2003). A Reply to Szabó's “Descriptions and Uniqueness”. Philosophical Studies 113 (3):223 - 231.score: 30.0
  49. James R. Abbott (1999). E. Digby Baltzell Reconsidered: A Reply to Samuel Z. Klausner. Sociological Theory 17 (1):102-107.score: 30.0
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  50. J. C. Abbott (1976). Orthoimplication Algebras. Studia Logica 35 (2):173 - 177.score: 30.0
    Orthologic is defined by weakening the axioms and rules of inference of the classical propositional calculus. The resulting Lindenbaum-Tarski quotient algebra is an orthoimplication algebra which generalizes the author's implication algebra. The associated order structure is a semi-orthomodular lattice. The theory of orthomodular lattices is obtained by adjoining a falsity symbol to the underlying orthologic or a least element to the orthoimplication algebra.
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